A Study on the Language Style Used by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Coral Triangle Initiative Summit 2010 Opening Speech Text

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					         A Study on the Language Style Used by President Susilo Bambang
               Yudhoyono in Coral Triangle Initiative Summit 2010
                               Opening Speech Text
                         Lecture: Drs. Surono, M.Hum


                                   Ari Susanto


                                    B CLASS



                       AHMAD DAHLAN UNIVERSITY



A.   Background of the Study
             Linguistic has important role in human life. Almost all activities relate to
language. Interaction man with the humanity in everyday life, because man is social
creature which cannot live itself. In interaction with fellow being, linguistic consumer
requires equipment or supporting facilities in order to the thought of to be
understandable by others. Basically discussion about language cannot be discharged
by the relationship with communications even is told that language itself is
communication tool. Way of communicating is with existence of activity orates,
where one can do communications two directions in submitting opinion or idea
between orator with the audiences.
             The dramatic events are often caused by the greet speeches. It is real
consideration that speech is absolutely significant. There are many evidences, which
show that speech has a special position historically. Many people have wrong
analysis, if they say that the progress of the west world is natural science standing
on language education for centuries. It is the root of the Greek philosophy based on
rhetoric. It means that language and speech have big role in human civilization
             There are many greet speeches in the world, which are recorded and
become external texts. Many world figures’ speeches are quoted orally or written in
various times by many people. Many people are interested in quoting someone else’s
speech. It proves that speech is effective to deliver important message, but the thing
that is interesting to be discussed here is in language side of speech. It is about style.
             Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is the sixth President of Indonesia, SBY
specified as one of one hundred people in a world of has done change for the state
and world. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono also becomes pioneer in establishing WOC
(World Ocean Conference), He wishes to preserve oceanic in whole world. He has
spirit to invite all world public to take care of sea ecosystem. All of his arguments
were explored through speech and writing. Finally, the emancipation could be reach
and his eloquence of speech served him into presidency. In this case Susilo bambang
Yudhoyono used speech for taking communication process.
             According to Rakhmat (2006:14), the way of speech by conversation and
its technique is valuable discussion, the eloquence of speech has to consider with text
perform and style of speech. Speech, speech communication, oral communication, or
oral public, oral public speaking is the modern book De Arte Rhetorica by Aristotle, a
classic rhetorical expert we get five speech arranging steps called the five canons of
rhetoric. They are Inventio (invention), Disposito (organizing), Elocito (Style),
Memoria (memory), and Pronuntiao (pronunciation).
             From the steps above, we can find “style “as the step which is most
related to the language use. According Keraf (1986:113), style is way of laying open
mind through language characteristically showing soul and writer personality
(language consumer). Through in oral or written language, a quality that gives
distinctive excellence attention to style for their speeches. It will make their speeches
more beautiful and powerful. Susilo bambang Yudhoyono is one orator who paid
very much attention to style for his speeches. Therefore writer is interested in
analyzing the language style Used by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Coral
Triangle Initiative Summit 2010 Opening Speech Text.
             Style can be categorized in various ways. Different writers make different
categorized. To comprehend style in literary works can be done by stylistic analysis.
Stylistics shows how to use language and how about the effect in literary works.
Speech and also literary works are both pay attention on using of language to
influence the audience or the reader. Abrams (1981:193) says that the elements of the
style consist of phonological item, syntactic item, lexical item, and rhetorical item
(figurative language, imager, and so on). Relation with speech as an object of study,
the writer uses the parts of style categorization in rhetorical form. According to
Abrams (1981:193) the rhetorical forms of style are figurative language and
B. Identification of the Problems
        Based on the background above the writer would analyze about: (1) Figure of
Though, (2) Figure of Speech, and (3) Imagery
C. Limitation of the Problems
       Based on the identification of the problem above, the writer would analyze
more focus about Figure of Though, Figure of Speech, Imagery and the style used on
Speech act by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. From the analysis above the dominant
style used in the text will be known.
D. Formulation of the Problems
        Based on the limitation of the problem above the formulation f of the problem
can be made as follow: (1) what is Figure of Though used by Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono, (2) what is Figure of Speech used by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (3)
what is dominant style in rhetorical form is used in the text?
E. Objectives of the Study
        Based on the formulation of the problem above, the objective of the study is
    to know the dominant style used on Speech act by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
F. Significant of the Study
        The writer is hoped to give some positive advantages, they are:
    1. To give advantages for readers to get more interested in linguistics.

    2. To give some further information to other researcher who will analyze

G. Theoretical Framework

     a. Speech

     Study about rhetoric has influenced development of culture in Europe from
century epoch XVII. After that rhetoric was not lionized again. At century XX,
rhetoric returns to takes place between areas the other, as a way to present assorted of
knowledge area in effective and good language.

     History of growth of Rhetoric from ancient Greek epoch indicates that this
discourse art pressure put down at oratory or artistic orated. This thing is
understandable because publication in extends to a result of mind cannot be done with
article, because has not there are printing office. Therefore understanding of rhetoric
initially also overlaps with art to orate or oratory.

     Keraf (1986:3) says that: “Rhetoric is a linguistic technique as art, either oral or
also written, what based on a good structured knowledge”. Rhetoric aims to explain
methods becoming base and article having the character of oral prose or discourse
which is in the form of oration or delivers a lecture to influence position and others

    As for steps that must be taken by an orator in submitting the oration. According
to Greece or which has been developed by people Romania the steps as follows:

    1) Inventio (heurisis): invention or matters research.

    2) Dispositio / Taxis/ Oikonomia: milk and sequence material (argument) in an

    3) Elocutio (Lexis): Disclosure or presentation of idea in language appropriate.

    4) Memoria (Mneme): Memorise oration that is practice to remember targets in
           rhetoric which have been compiled.

    5) Actio (Hypokisis): presents oration, presentation of oration will be
           determined also by voice, position, and gesture.

b. Coral Triangle Innitiative Summit Opening Speech

       President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono delivered Coral Triangle Innitiative
Summit Opening Speech in front of Delegation of foreign countries in May 15th 2010
in Manado. This speech is written in English. It contained about 99 lines and 32
paragraphs. It talks about his response and his resistance to the ocean in the world.
Through this speech, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono invites to world public to take care
of sea ecosystem for the shake of continuity of life is in the future. Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono explains that sea and as of the content is hardly good for human life like
supplier food, provider of economic livelihood, and important player in the struggle
global against of warming.

       This text contains words, phrases and sentences. For the necessity of the
research, the writer focuses on the sentence or utterance of the text.
c. Stylistics

in this research, the writer chooses the stylistics approach. Stylistics is an aspect of
literary studies that emphasizes the analysis of various element of style. It is study of
devices in language (as rhetorical figures and syntactic patterns) that produce
expressive value.

d. Style

Keraf (1986:113) explains that style is way to laying open mind through language
characteristically showing soul and personality of writer (language user). Language
style applied by everyone is different increasingly good language style applied
increasingly well also assessment of people to his, and conversely.

Keraf (1986:113) Good orator principle must contain three elements:

1.         Sincerity (must follow good language methods and correctness)

2.         Manner (gives appreciation or respects to men who invited speaks; hearer)

3.         Interest (language applied is interesting, varies, healthy humor, and powerful
           of illusion)

According to Keraf (130-145) the element of style language refer to the meaning, as

1. Figure of Though (pemajasan)

        a. Simile
              Simile is comparison having the character of explicit that directs to
              express something with other thing.

        b. Metonymy
              Metonymy is a language style uses a word to express something with
              other, because having a close relation.
      c. Metamorphic
          Metamorphic is like an analogy to comparison two things directly, but in
          short form.
      d. Synecdoche
          Synecdoche is a figurative language uses a part of something to express
          totally and conversely.
      e. Personfikasi
          Personfikasi is a figure of speech describes the still things as if is man.
      f. Paradox
          Paradox is Language style that is containing real contradiction with the
      g. Hyperbole
          Hyperbole is a kind of language style that is containing an abundant
          statement, enlarging something.
2. Figure of Speech
      a. Repetition
          The repetition of sound, syllable, word and the important sentence to
          make a stress in the context.
      b. Parallelism
          Parallelism is Language style which bucking for parallelism in usage of
          words or phrases occupying the same function in the form of the same
      c. Asyndeton
          A language style which in the form of solid sulfur reference where some
          words, phrase, or clause that is on an equal is not attributed to continued
      d. Polysindeton
          Polysindenton is a language style which is reverse from asyndeton
      e. Antithesis
         Antithesis is a language style containing ideas which incompatible to
         utilize words or group of word which at the opposite
      f. Assonance
         Assonance is language style is forming the same vowel restating.
      g. Climax
         Climax is Climax is language style containing mind sequences that is each
         time increasingly increases the importance from idea before.
      h. Alliteration
         Alliteration is Alliteration is language style is forming the same consonant
      i. Anticlimax
         Anticlimax is Anticlimax is sentence having lax structure.
      j. Rhetorical Question
         Rhetorical Question is Rhetoric Question is a kind of question applied in
         oration or article as a mean to reach effect which more circumstantial and
         fair emphasis and not at all wants an answer
3. Imagery
      a. Visual Imagery
         Visual imagery is the way of effort to describe an object, a situation, or an
         event usually. You make “a photo”. The audiences are given occupation to
         look at a thing as like a photo. The photo is an form of words that appear.
         Impressions sight in your mind (Rakhmat, 1999: 111).
      b. Auditory Imagery
         Auditory imagery is style to make audiences not only listen to your voice
         but “also” listen to the event that you tell. There you describe loud-soft of
         voice, high-low, uproarious loud voice (Rakhmat, 1999:112)
      c. Kinesthetic Imagery
         Kinesthetic imagery is the way to describe the movement of muscle. It is
         hoped to be able to give empathic reaction to the audience then they also
         move their muscle in their body (Rakhmat, 1999: 114)
      d. Tactic Thermal Imagery
         Tactic thermal imagery is based on the feeling of our body touch objects,
         body, or materials else (Rakhmat, 1999: 113)
      e. Olfactory Imagery
         Olfactory imagery is uses words to bring audiences to smell everything
         from the event that you are telling (Rakhmat, 1999: 113)

H. Research Method

  a. Objective of the Study

             The objective of the study is the speech text that is delivered by
     President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Coral Triangle Initiative Summit

   b. Source of the Data

             It is a source where data can be obtained. It can be things, people, etc.
     the source of data is divided into two, namely: (1) main data, (2) supporting
     data. The source of the main data is in English speech text of President Susilo
     Bambang Yudhoyono that is delivered to open Coral Triangle Initiative
     Summit 2009 in May, 15-5-2009 in Manado. The supporting data of the
     research are taken from other resources which related to the topic.

   c. Technique Collecting Data

             In connection with the technique of collecting data, Sudayanto (1992:
     33-35) suggests five techniques in linguistics research. They are: (1) Teknik
     rekam (recording technique), the technique using recording instrument,(2)
     Teknik catat (noting technique), the technique using card, book, note and other
     instrument, to collect data,(3) Teknik pisah (separating technique), the strategy
     to separate datum to another to find out the similarities and the differences
     between them,(4) Teknik balik (transferring technique), the strategy to transfer
 data into another,(5) Teknik Ganti (changing technique), the strategy used to
 change the data which are not necessary in an understanding.

         The writer uses three techniques in this research namely noting
 technique, separating technique, and transferring technique. The reason are :
 (1) the writer looks for the related materials in any library and reads them to
 get deep understanding, (2) the writer writes the discussed materials on the
 provided books or notes, (3) separated style categorization to get the
 differences of them, (4) transfer those materials in the writer’s proposal by
 writing quotation, paraphrase, and conclusion.

d. Technique of analyzing data

          The technique of analyzing data is the second step to carry out the
  research after collecting or presenting data. Mahsun (2000:61) says that is
  descriptive synchronic research, the three steps of conducting the research are:
  presenting the data, analyzing the data, and finding out the result of the
  research. Analyzing the data becomes a step that is very crucial in research. In
  analyzing the data, the writer uses descriptive quantitative technique. The first
  step, the writer describes the data that has relation with style.

         That description is done qualitatively, and then the data is grouped
 based on style categorization in rhetorical form consists of (1) Figurative of
 Thought, (2) Figures of speech, (3) Imagery used by president Susilo Bambang
 Yudhoyono in Coral Triangle Initiative Summit 2010 speech text.. After that to
 achieve the objective research, the writer does it quantitatively.
I. Bibliography

Abrams, M.H. 1981. A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Holt, Rinehart and

Mahsun, M.S. 2000. Penilitian Bahasa Berbagai Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan
        Teknik-tekniknya. Mataram University.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. 2002. Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada
        University Press

Rakhmat,    Jalaludin.   1999.   Retorika   modern.   Bandung:   Posda   karya.
        Sudaryanto.1992. Metode Linguistik Kearah Memahami Metode Linguistik.
        Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada Press.

Sudaryanto. 1992. Metode Linguistik ke Arah Memahami Metode Linguistik.
        Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press

Webster.2000. Third New International Dictionary. Spring field. Masachussets.
        USA: Meriam Webster Inc.

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