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History of the Jeep Cherokee and Grand Cherokee

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History of the Jeep Cherokee and Grand Cherokee Powered By Docstoc
					The Jeep Cherokee can find its roots all the way back to 1974. Although sharing the
almost exact platform as the Wagoneer initially, the Jeep Cherokee went through a
major design change starting in the 1984 model. With a smaller wheel base and
shorter overall length, the new model quickly gained popularity for its versatile
off-road capability and better fuel mileage. Customers had the option of picking up
either a two or four door model.

The standard Jeep Cherokee engine started out as an anemic 2.5 liter four cylinder
engine while a more stout 2.8 V-6 was available at an additional cost. While the four
cylinder Jeep Cherokee engine was only available with a 4-speed manual transmission,
the V-6 had the option of either a 3-speed automatic, 4-speed manual or the highly
touted 5-speed manual box. Both the v-6 and four cylinder models had the option of
two four-wheel drive systems.

Many different trim packages were available through the years. The most notable
being the Limited introduced in 1987, the 4.0 liter inline six cylinder jeep Cherokee
engine became the power plant of choice with more power and reliability. With the
introduction of many different engine advancements, horsepower figures grew
throughout the second generation Cherokees.

In 1997, the Jeep Cherokee received a major redesign through 2001. More
refinements were made to the interior and electrical system. In the final model year,
the more powerful and smoother inline six cylinder was borrowed from the Grand
Cherokee model.

The Jeep Grand Cherokee as we know it today was introduced back in 1993.
Originally, the Grand Cherokee was designed and marketed as more luxurious
competitor against Ford's highly popular Explorer. Many creature comforts were
available for this model such as power windows, door locks, sunroof, heated mirrors
and seats. The most powerful Jeep Grand Cherokee engine for the first generation was
the 5.2 liter V-8 power plant boasting 225 horsepower with a respectable 300
foot-pounds of torque. The base Jeep Grand Cherokee engine was the ever popular
4.0 liter inline six similar to the Jeep Cherokee's.

The '94 through '96 models saw many improvements to available trim packages and
engine power. Quadra-Trac became standard on all Grand Cherokee models as the
preferred four-wheel drive system. Dual air bags also became standard in the 1996
model. In 1998 the more powerful 5.9 liter magnum v-8 was added to the Jeep Grand
Cherokee engine lineup.

The model received a complete redesign in 1999. The Grand Cherokee was now 4
inches longer and sleeker looking than previous models. The aging 5.2 liter Jeep
Grand Cherokee engine was replaced by the all new 4.7 overhead cam variation
which produced up to 265 horsepower and 325 foot-pounds of torque for the high
output version. Both a four and a five speed automatic transmission were standard on
the V-8 models as well as the inline six cylinder motors.

About: Starting in 2005, the Jeep Grand Cherokee saw another major facelift.
Replacement of the solid axle drive train in favor of an independent setup gave the
jeep grand Cherokee engine a softer more refined ride. More engine options became
available including the notable 6.1 liter Hemi V-8 seen in the all new SRT package
making it one of the fastest sport utility vehicles in production. Many diesel options
were available as well but made their way mostly in foreign markets.

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