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Unit Objectives for “Building Blocks”

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Unit Objectives for “Building Blocks” Powered By Docstoc
					                        Performance Standards
           (As approved by the AASD School Board, July 2004)
                 Numbers in bold refer to their alignment with the Wisconsin state standards.


 1. Observe, describe, and measure physical and chemical properties of
             elements and other substances. (D.8.1)
 2. Use the major ideas of atomic theory and the molecular theory to
             describe physical and chemical interactions. (D.8.2)
 3. Summarize how chemical interactions and behaviors lead to new
             substances. (D.8.3)
 4. Conduct investigations and use the science theme to develop
             explanations of physical and chemical interactions and energy
             exchanges. (D.8.4)
 5. Define energy and conservation of energy. (D.8.7)
 6. Use models to explain the behaviors of various forms of energy
    transmission. (D.8.9)
 7. Explain how models of the atomic structure of matter have changed over
    time. (D.8.10)


                                             Objectives
(Bold letters refer to the Prentice Book; the numbers refer to the textbook’s chapter and section)



 1. Distinguish between chemical and physical changes of matter. (K – 1.1.1.)
 2. Compare mixtures and a pure substance and describe elements and compounds. (K-
    1.1.3)
 3. Identify the properties of compounds. (L-2.3.3 & 2.3.4)
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4. Explain the difference between weight and mass. (K-1.2.1)
5. Calculate the density of substances using SI units for mass and volume. (K-1.2.2.)
6. Describe Dalton’s theory of atoms. (K-1.3.2)
7. Explain the chemical bonds are what hold atoms together in molecules. (K-1.3.3)
   (Don’t describe the bonds – don’t go into too many details)
8. Explain that a chemical reaction is needed to obtain an element from one of its
   compounds. (K-1.4.2)
9. Compare the particle motion and energy in solids, liquids and gases. (K-2.1.2)
10. Describe the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas. (K-2.2.1)
11. Describe the relationship between pressure and temperature of a gas. (K-2.2.2)
12. Describe the relationship between volume and temperature of a gas. (K-2.2.3)
13. Construct and interpret graphs from data provided for pressure, volume and
   temperature relationships of gases. (K-2.3.1)
14. Explain how energy is involved in physical and chemical changes. (K-2.4.1)
15. Define chemical reactions and observe that energy can change forms in chemical
   reactions. (K-2.4.4)
16. List the information in the periodic table and describe how it is organized (metals,
   nonmetals, metalloids, and non-reactive gases). (K-3.1.2)
17. Identify evidence of chemical reactions. (L-1.1.4)
18. Explain the difference between an atom and an ion. (L-2.3.1)
19. Describe the relations between work and energy. (M-5.1.1)
20. Define and calculate potential and kinetic energy. (M-5.1.2)
21. List different forms of energy. (M-5.1.3)
22. Identify and describe conversions from one type of energy to another. (M-5.2.1)
23. State the law of conservation of energy. (M-5.2.2)




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                        Performance Standards
           (As approved by the AASD School Board, July 2004)
                 Numbers in bold refer to their alignment with the Wisconsin state standards.


 1. Understand the structure and function of cells, organs, tissues, organ
    systems, and whole organisms. (F.8.1)
 2. Differentiate between single-celled and multiple-celled organisms,
    comparing the cell functions of specialized cells for each type of
    organism. (F.8.3)
 3. Understand that organisms are capable of regulating internal body
    conditions in response to internal and external stimuli. (F.8.6)
                                             Objectives
(Bold letters refer to the Prentice Book; the numbers refer to the textbook’s chapter and section)



 1. State the three points of the cell theory. (C-1.1.2)
 2. Identify the role of the cell membrane and the nucleus in the cell. ( C-1.2.1)
 3. Describe the functions performed by other organelles (mitochondria, cell wall,
    cytoplasm, chloroplasts) in a cell. (C-1.2.2)
 4. Compare bacterial cells with plant and animal cells. (C-1.2.3)
 5. Describe the role of specialized cells in many celled organisms. (C-1.2.4)
 6. Explain how water is essential to the functioning of cells. (C-1.3.2)
    (Osmosis, Diffusion, and equilibrium)
 7. Identify the levels of organization in the body. ( D-1.1.1)
 8. Define Homeostasis. (D-1.2.1)
 9. Identify the function of the skeleton. (D-2.1.1)
 10. Identify the three types of muscles found in the body and describe the function of
    each. (D-2.3.1)

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11. Explain how the skeletal muscles work in pairs. (D-2.3.2)
12. Describe the general functions carried out by the digestive system and the specific
   functions of the mouth, esophagus, and stomach. (D-3.3.1)
13. Explain the role of the small intestine and large intestine in digestion. (D-3.4.1)
14. Describe the function of the cardiovascular system. (D-4.1.1)
15. Describe the structure of the heart and explain its function. (D-4.1.2)
16. Describe the function of the arteries, capillaries, and veins. (D-4.2.1)
17. Describe the lymphatic system. (D-4.3.3)
18. Identify the functions of the respiratory system. (D-5.1.1)
19. Explain the process by which people breathe and speak. (D-5.1.4)
20. Identify the function of the excretory system. (D-5.3.1)
21. Name the organs involved in excretion and describe their roles. (D-5.3.3)
22. Identify the functions of the nervous system. (D-7.1.1)
23. Describe a reflex. (D-7.2.3)
24. Identify the organs of the endocrine system and their function. (D-8.1.1)




                                       Page 4 of 6
        Formally titled “WHY I SHOULD CARE”
                        Performance Standards
           (As approved by the AASD School Board, July 2004)
                 Numbers in bold refer to their alignment with the Wisconsin state standards.


 1. Analyze the influence living organisms have had on the Earth’s systems, including
    their impact on the composition of the atmosphere and the weathering of rocks.
    (E.8.4)
 2. Investigate human use of the Earth’s resources over the past 100 years. Explain that
    the basis for efforts to conserve and recycle renewable and nonrenewable resources
    are a part of past use. (E.8.6)
 3. Explain how some of the changes on the Earth have contributed and continue to
    contribute to changes in the balance of life affecting the survival or population growth
    of certain species. (F.8.9)
 4. Project how current tends in human resource use and population growth will influence
    the natural environment, and show how current policies affect those trends. (F.8.10)

                                             Objectives
(Bold letters refer to the Prentice Book; the numbers refer to the textbook’s chapter and section)

 25. Describe the carbon-oxygen cycle and the nitrogen cycle. (E-2.2.2)
 26. Identify the factors that limit the distribution if a species. (E-2.3.1)
 27. Describe the difference between primary and secondary succession. (E-2.5.1)
 28. Identify the main types of environmental issues (resources use, population growth,
    pollution). (E-3.1.1)
 29. Define environmental science. (E-3.1.2)
 30. Describe how decision makers balance the different needs and concerns related to
    environmental issues. (E-3.1.3)
 31. Identify the factors that affect biodiversity. (E-3.3.1)

                                               Page 5 of 6
32. Explain the value of biodiversity. (E-3.3.2)
33. List some ways that biodiversity can be protected. (E-3.3.3)
34. Name some human activities that threaten biodiversity. (E-3.3.4)
35. Describe major forms of land use. (E-4.1.1)
36. Explain how hazardous wastes affect human health. (E-4.1.3)
37. Name and describe three ways of dealing with solid waste. (E-4.2.1)
38. List the four major types of recyclable waste. (E-4.2.2)
39. Describe methods for managing solid waste. (E-4.2.1)
40. Explain why soil is a valuable resource. (G-2.3.1)
41. Identify some ways that soil can be conserved. (G-2.3.3)
42. List ways that living things depend on the water cycle. (H-1.3.2)
43. Identify features of wetlands that make them suitable habitats for living things.
   (H-2.3.1)
44. Explain what a wetland is and how wetlands help control flooding. (H-2.3.2)
45. Explain what an aquifer is and how people obtain water from an aquifer. (H-2.5.2)
46. Describe conditions that can result in a water shortage and list sources of fresh water
   for the future. (H-3.2.1)
47. Explain how water can be conserved. (H-3.2.2)
48. Describe what water pollution is and list some of its sources. (H-3.3.1)
49. Explain how runoff affects surface water. (H-3.3.2)
50. Describe how pollution can be prevented and how polluted water can be cleaned up.
   (H-3.3.3)




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