5 angina pectoris by mikesanye

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									    醫學術語
    內分泌系統
(Endocrine System)
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
 Growth    hormone
   Too   much:
     Before puberty: gigantism
     After puberty: acromegaly

   Too   less:
     Drawfism
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
Prolactin
   Too   much:
    Hyperprolactinemia

    Prolactinoma

    Galactorrhea

    Amenorrhea

    Gynecomastia
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
 ACTH
   Too   much:
     Cushing  disease
     Cushing syndrome

     Moon face

     Acne

     Buffalo hump

     Amenorrhea

     Purple abdominal striae
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
 ADH    (Antidiuretic hormone)
     Too much:
       SIADH   (Syndrome of inappropriate
        antidiuretic hormone secrection)
       Hyponatremia

     Too less
       DI (Diabetes insipidus)
       Urine osmolarity

       Hypernatremia
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
 Panhypopituitarism
          apoplexy
 Pituitary
 Sheehan’s syndrome
 Hypogonadism
Hypothalamus & Pituitary gland
( 下視丘 & 腦下垂體 )
 Eating   disorder
   Anorexia nervosa
   Bulimia
   Nausea
   Vomiting
   Acid regurgitation
   Abdominal pain
   Abdominal fullness
   Early satiety
Thyroid gland
 T3
 T4
 TSH
 Free T4
Thyroid gland
   Hyperthyroidism
       Exophthalmos
       Palpitation
       Tachycardia
       Hand tremor
       Graves’ disease
       Thyroid storm
       Antithyroid drug
       Thyroidectomy
Thyroid gland
   Hypothyroidism
       Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
       Autoimmune thyroiditis
       Autoantibody
       Myxedema coma
       Cretinism
       Thyroxine
Thyroid gland
   Goiter
       Diffuse goiter
       Nodular goiter
       Multinodular goiter
       Thyroid cyst
Thyroid gland
   Thyroid sonography
       =Thyroid echo
 Thyroid puncture
 Fine needle aspiration
 Thyroid scan
Thyroid gland
   Thyroid cancer (carcinoma)
       Papillary cancer
       Follicular neoplasm
            Follicular adenoma
            Follicular cancer
       Medullary cancer
       Anaplastic cancer
 Radioactive iodide
 I-131 (Iodide one-thirty-one)
Parathyroid gland
   Hyperparathyroidism
       Hypercalcemia
       Hypophosphatemia
   Hypoparathyroidism
       Hypocalcemia
       Hyperphosphatemia
       Chvostek’s sign
       Trausseau’s sign
       Tetany
Adrenal gland
   Cortex
       Cushing syndrome
       Conn’s disease
       Addison’s disease
            =Primary adrenal insufficiency
       Iatrogenic Cushing syndrome
   Medulla
       Pheochromocytoma
 醫學術語
  新陳代謝
(Metabolism)
Pancreas
 Exocrine function
 Endocrine function
Pancreas
 B(eta) cell
 Islet cell
 Islet transplantation
 Pancreas transplantation
 Insulin
 Insulin resistence
Diabetes Mellitus
 Definition
   Fasting sugar
   Postprandial sugar
   OGTT (oral glucose tolerance test)
   IFG (impaired fasting glucose)
   IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
Diabetes Mellitus
 Symptoms
   3P
    Polyuria

    Polyphagia

    Polydipsia

   Body   weight loss
Diabetes Mellitus
   Classification
       T1DM
       T2DM
       Secondary DM
       GDM (Gestational DM)
Diabetes Mellitus
   Type 1 DM (T1DM, T1D)
       =Insulin dependent diabetes
       =Juvenile onset diabetes
   Type 2 DM (T2DM, T2D)
       =Non-insulin dependent diabetes
       =Adult onset diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Acute     complication
   Hypoglycemia
   Cold  sweating
   Plpitation
   Dizziness
   Coma
Diabetes Mellitus
 Acute   complication
   Hyperglycemia
     DKA (Diabetic ketoacidosis)
     HHNK (Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar
      nonketotic coma)
     HHS (Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar
      syndrome)
Diabetes Mellitus
 Chronic   complication
   Microangiopathy
     Diabetic retinopathy
     Diabetic nephropathy

     Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetes Mellitus
 Chronic   complication
   Microangiopathy
     Diabetic   retinopathy
       Background diabetic retinopathy
       Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
       Vitreous hemorrhage
       Blindness
Diabetes Mellitus
 Chronic   complication
   Microangiopathy
     Diabetic   nephropathy
       Microproteinuria
       Macroproteinuria
       Nephrotic syndrome
       Uremia
       End stage renal disease
       Hemodialysis
Diabetes Mellitus
 Chronic   complication
   Microangiopathy
     Diabetic   neuropathy
       Peripheral neuropathy
       Autonomic neuropathy
       Neurogenic bladder
Diabetes Mellitus
 Chronic     complication
     Macroangiopathy
       Cerebrovascular    disease
          Stroke
          Cerebral infarction
          Cerebral hemorrhage
       Coronary   artery disease
          Angina pectoris
          Unstable angina
          Acute myocardial infarction
       Peripheral   vascular disease
          Diabetic foot
Diabetes Mellitus
 Treatment
   Life   style modification
     Dietcontrol
     Exercise

   Medication
     OHA  (oral hypoglycemic agent)
     =OAD (oral antidiabetic agent)

     Insulin injection
Obesity
 Ideal body weight
 Overweight
 Obesity
 Morbid obesity
Obesity
 Body mass index (BMI)
 Body fat
 Waist circumference
 Hip circumference
 W/H ratio
Obesity
 Treatment
     Life style modification
        Dietcontrol
        Exercise

     Medication
                (Xenicol)
        Orlistat

        Sibutramine (Reductil)

     Surgery
        Bariatric   surgery
Gout
 Gout
 Gouty arthritis
 Uric acid
 Hyperuricemia
 Tophi
 Podagra
 Purine

								
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