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STRESS AND ADJUSTMENT DISORDERS neurasthenia

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					                             STUDY GUIDE 2


Chapter 5 STRESS AND ADJUSTMENT DISORDERS


STRESSORS


STRESS


COPING STRATEGIES


EUSTRESS


DISTRESS


THREE TYPES OF STRESSORS:


     FRUSTRATIONS, CONFLICTS, PRESSURES


TYPES OF CONFLICTS (3, JOHN DOLLARD AND NEAL MILLER)


     APPROACH-AVOIDANCE


     DOUBLE -APPROACH


     DOUBLE-AVOIDANCE


STRESS TOLERANCE


TASK ORIENTED RESPONSE


DEFENSE ORIENTED RESPONSE
DECOMPENSATION


HANS SELYE'S "GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME" (3 STAGES)


       ALARM, RESISTANCE, AND EXHAUSTION


WEAR AND TEAR THEORY


PSYCHONEUROIMMUNOLOGY


ADJUSTMENT DISORDER


ANXIETY DISORDERS SECTION OF DSM


POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER


3 SUBTYPES OF PTSD


       COMBAT RELATED, CRIME VICTIM, AND DISASTER VICTIM


ACUTE STRESS DISORDER


PTSD SYMPTOMS (7)


       ESP. RE-EXPERIENCING AND AVOIDANCE OF RELATED STIMULI


RAPE


       STRANGER RAPE


       ACQUAINTANCE RAPE (3) POIINTS
SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS


COMBAT RELATED PTSD


VIETNAM WAR


CAUSAL FACTORS (4) IN COMBAT RELATED PTSD


TREATMENT OF PTSD


SHORT TERM CRISIS THERAPY


DIRECT THERAPEUTIC EXPOSURE


MEDICATIONS


LONG TERM SUPPORTIVE THERAPY


DELAYED ONSET PTSD


LEGAL ISSUES IN PTSD


Chapter 6 PANIC, ANXIETY, AND THEIR DISORDERS


NEUROTIC BEHAVIOR (NEUROSIS)


NEUROTICISM


NEURASTHENIA


FREUD'S VIEW
FEAR/PANIC VS. ANXIETY (DAVID BARLOW)


DSM ANXIETY DISORDER TYPES (7)


PREVALENCE


ANXIETY AND MOOD DISORDERS (RELATIONSHIP)


SPECIFIC PHOBIAS


SECONDARY GAINS


BLOOD-INJURY (INJECTION) PHOBIA (UNIQUE AND HERITABLE) 3 FEATURES


PREVALENCE OF COMORBIDITY OF SPECIFIC PHOBIAS


LITTLE HANS CASE


     FREUD'S VIEW


     WOLPE AND RACHMAN'S VIEW


CLASSICAL CONDITIONING


NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT OF AVOIDANCE BEHAVIORS


VICARIOUS (OBSERVATIONAL) CONDITIONING


POSITIVE LIFE EXPERIENCES


IMMUNIZING EXPERIENCES
"INFLATION EFFECT"


BIOLOGICAL PREPAREDNESS


GENETICS AND TEMPERAMENT (JEROME KAGAN)


SOCIAL PHOBIA (TWO SUBTYPES)


     SPECIFIC AND GENERALIZED


     PUBLIC SPEAKING


     AVOIDANT PERSONALITY DISORDER


     CLASSICAL CONDITIONING


     DOMINANCE HIERARCHIES


     BIOLOGICAL PREPAREDNESS AND SOCIAL PHOBIA


     BEHAVIORAL INHIBITION


PANIC DISORDER (WITH AND WITHOUT AGORAPHOBIA)


     PANIC ATTACKS (2 IMPORTANT FEATURES)


     DEFINING SYMPTOMS OD A PANIC ATTACK


     AGORAPHOBIA


     TYPICAL SITUATIONS
     THE TWO THEMES IN AGORAPHOBIC SITUATIONS


     AGORAPHOBIA WITHOUT PANIC DISORDER


     GENDER DIFFERENCES


     COMORBIDITY IN PANIC DISORDER


BIOLOGICAL FACTORS


     DONALD KLEIN'S FINDINGS


     PROVOCATION STUDIES


     BRAIN AREAS


COGNITIVE THEORY OF PANIC


INTEROCEPTIVE STIMULI


ANXIETY SENSITIVITY


GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER


WORRYING


COMMON WORRIES


HISTORY OF UNPREDICTABLE AND UNCONTROLLABLE EVENTS


EARLY "MASTERY" EXPERIENCES
BIOLOGICAL CAUSAL FACTORS IN GAD


     GABA


OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER


     HALLMARK SYMPTOMS


     OBSESSIONS


     COMPULSIONS


     COURSE


     PREVALENCE


     COMORBIDITY


     THE BEHAVIORAL VIEWPOINT


     BIOLOGICAL PREPAREDNESS IN OCD


     GENETICS


     TOURETTE'S SYNDROME


     NEUROTRANSMITTERS


     EDNA FOA


     EXPOSURE WITH RESPONSE PREVENTION
Chapter 7 MOOD DISORDERS AND SUICIDE


DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS


DEPRESSION (SYMPTOMS)


PREVALENCE


UNIPOLAR VS. BIPLAR DEPRESSION


GENDER DIFFERENCES


POST-PARTUM BLUES (DEPRESSION)


DYSTHYMIA


     SYMPTOMS AND DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA


     DYSTHYMIA (AND GAD)


MAJOR DEPRESSION (“MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE”)


     CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSING A MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE


     ANACLITIC DEPRESSIONENDOGENOUS (MELANCHOLIC) DEPRESSION


     MAJOR DEPRESSION WITH “PSYCHOTIC FEATURES”


DOUBLE DEPRESSION


RECURRENCE VS. RELAPSE
     RECURRENCE


     RELAPSE


SEASONAL AFFECTIVE DISORDER (SAD)


CAUSAL FACTORS IN UNIPOLAR DEPRESSION


     HEREDITY


     MONOAMINE HYPOTHESIS


     HYPOTHALAMIC-ADRENAL-PITUITARY AXIS (HPA)


     CORTISOL


     DEXAMETHASONE SUPRESSION TEST


INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN VULNERABILITY


     STRESSFUL EVENTS


     NEUROTICISM


     EXTRAVERSION


     SOCIOTROPY (NOT IN BOOK)


     AUTONOMY (NOT IN BOOK)


THE PSYCHODYNAMIC VIEW
ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLES


LEWINSOHN’S BEHAVIORAL MODEL


COGNITIVE DIATHESES


LEARNED HELPLESSNESS


HELPLESSNESS REFORMULATED


PESSIMISTIC ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLE


BIPOLAR DISORDERS


     MANIC EPISODES


     HYPOMANIC EPISODES


     CYCLOTHYMIA


MIXED EPISODE


PREVALENCE AND GENDER DIFFERENCES


TYPES OF BIPOLAR DISORDER


     BIPOLAR I


     BIPOLAR II


     MISDIAGNOSIS
     RAPID CYCLING TYPE


SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER


CAUSAL FACTORS IN BIPOLAR DISORDER


     HEREDITY


     LITHIUM CARBONATE


     BIOLOGICAL MECHANISM OF LITHIUM


     BLOOD FLOW STUDIES


MOOD DISORDERS AND CREATIVITY


SUICIDE


     TIMING OF ATTEMPTS


     GENDER DIFFERENCES


     AGE DIFFERENCES


     RATES FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS


     SUICIDAL FAMILIES


     GENDER AND ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN SUICIDE RATES


SUICIDAL AMBIVALENCE (3 ORIENTATIONS)
     1. TO BE


     2. FATE DECIDES


     3. NOT TO BE


IF SOMEONE TALKS ABOUT IT, WILL THEY DO IT?


CRISIS INTERVENTION AND SUICIDE


DANGER SIGNALS FOR SUICIDE


Chapter 8 SOMATOFORM AND DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS


SOMATOFORM DISORDERS


DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS


SOMATOFORM DISORDERS


HYPOCHONDRIASIS


SOMATIZATION DISORDER


     BRIQUETTE’S SYNDROME


     FAMILIAL LINKAGE


     BODILY SENSATIONS


PAIN DISORDER
CONVERSION DISORDER


    PRIMARY GAIN


    SECONDARY GAIN


    DECREASING PREVALENCE


    SYMPTOMS


         ANASTHESIA


         APHONIA


DIAGNOSING CONVERSION DISORDER (CLUES)


    LA BELL INDIFFERENCE


    GLOVE ANATHESIA


    SELECTIVE NATURE OF SYMPTOMS


    REMOVAL OF SYMPTOMS


MALINGERING


FACTITIOUS DISORDER


    MUNCHAUSEN’S SYNDROME


    FACTITIOUS DISORDER (MUNCHAUSEN’S) BY PROXY
BODY DYSMORPHIC DISORDER


     PREVALENCE


     GENDER DIFFERENCES


     COMORBIDITY


     HISTORY AND MEDIA ATTENTION


DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS:


DEPERSONALIZATION DISORDER


     SYMPTOMS - DEPERSONALIZATION AND DEREALIZATION


DISSOCIATIVE (PSYCHOGENIC) AMNESIA (4 TYPES)


     1. LOCALIZED


     2. SELECTIVE


     3. GENERALIZED


     4. CONTINUOUS


DISSOCIATIVE FUGUE


DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER


     MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER
     THE HOST AND ALTERS


     COMMON ALTERS


     THE CHANGE FROM MPD TO DID


     GENDER DIFFERENCES


     CHILDHOOD ABUSE


     WELL INTENTIONED THERAPISTS


     PUBLIC CONFUSION


     REAL OR FAKED?


     COMORBIDITY


Chapter 9 EATING DISORDERS (OBESITY NOT INCLUDED)


BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE


PSYCHOGENIC ILLNESS


EATING DISORDERS


     1. ANOREXIA NERVOSA


     2. BULIMIA NERVOSA


     3. BINGE EATING DISORDER
KAREN CARPENTER


DEMOGRAPHICS


HOMOSEXUALITY AND ANOREXIA


MUSCLE DYSPHORIA (REVERSE ANOREXIA)


HISTORY OF ANOREXIA


ANOREXIA NERVOSA DEFINED AND DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA (4 KEY SYMPTOMS)


     RESTRICTING TYPE


     BINGE-EATING/PURGING TYPE


BALLET DANCERS AND ATHLETES


BULIMIA NERVOSA DEFINED AND DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA (3 KEY SYMPTOMS)


DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS


PURGING AND NON PURGING TYPES


PHYSICAL CONSEQUENCES OF ANOREXIA/BULIMIA (4)


BINGE EATING DISORDER


COMORBIDITY IN EATING DISORDERS


COURSE AND OUTCOME
CAUSAL FACTORS IN EATING DISORDERS


    FAMILIAL


    SOCIOCULTURAL


    IDEALS VS. REALITY


    PERFECTIONISM


    CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE


    FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS


TREATMENT