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					“ Due diligence is what we promote,
risk management is what we support”




                               Information Series:
                           Are You Ready for Work?
                                 Presented By:
                     Catherine Drum, BASc(OHS), CRSP
                    Environmental Health & Safety Officer,
     Centre for Environmental Health, Safety & Security Management

                                      03 November 2009

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                   Objective

                 To help raise

                  YOUR
        awareness about Health & Safety



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              Why Bother With Safety?




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    Why Health & Safety is Important
   Workplaces can be dangerous places

   Injuries happen in all kinds of workplaces

   Every week in Ontario, workers are injured or killed on
    the job




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    Why Health & Safety is Important
   In the first four (4) weeks on the job, young workers
    are more than five (5) times more likely to be injured
    while at work

   Young workers are twice (2) as likely as adults to be
    victims of work-related injuries



   http://www.wsib.on.ca/wsib/wsibobj.nsf/LookupFiles/DownloadableFileY
    oungWorkerStats2008/$File/YWorkerStatistics2008.pdf


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              Ontario Injury Statistics
During the years 2004 to 2008:
   Young workers sustained 57,871 allowed lost time claims
    with workers 15-19 years of age accounting for 29%
    (16,980) and workers 20-24 years of age accounting for
    71% (40,891).

   39 Traumatic fatalities for young workers under 25 years
    of age (8% of Ontario’s traumatic fatalities)

   The industry sectors with the highest number of allowed
    lost time claims were Services and Manufacturing.
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              Ontario Injury Statistics
   The most common work-related injuries included
    Sprains and Strains, Cuts/Lacerations/Punctures, and
    Bruises/Contusions.

   The Finger(s)/Fingernail(s) and Lower Back were the
    parts of body most frequently affected.

   The majority of allowed lost time claims occurred when
    young workers were Struck by Objects and Equipment,
    or due to Overexertion.


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              Ontario Injury Statistics
   Persons, Containers/Boxes/Barrels/Packages, and
    Structures were the most frequent sources of injury.

   Young workers employed in occupations such as Sales
    and Service, Transport/Equipment Operators, and
    Labourers in Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities
    had the highest number of allowed lost time claims.




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              Why Workers Get Hurt

   No training
   No experience
   Do not know their legal rights
   Eager to impress
   Afraid to ask questions
   Trying to balance several responsibilities
   Distracted


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              Costs of Injury or Illness

   May miss a special event and family function
   Hard to see someone you love in pain
   Loss of productivity
   Impact on co-workers, friends, family




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                Who Helps Protect
               Your Health & Safety?
   Worker
        Must follow your employer’s health and safety
         policies, work safely and report any hazards to your
         supervisor
   Supervisors
        Are responsible to know and train about any hazards
         in their area of responsibility, including the health
         and safety policies.



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                Who Helps Protect
               Your Health & Safety?
   Employers
        Are responsible for setting out their expectations in
         the health and safety policies, and for appointing
         competent supervisors
   Worker Representatives
        Depending on the size of the workplace, a Health
         and Safety Representative or Joint Health and Safety
         Committee will assist the employer in creating a safe
         and healthy workplace.


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                 You Have
         Rights and Responsibilities
      for Workplace Health and Safety

   When you start a new job, do you know what
    your role is in the company health and safety
    program?
   Are you familiar with the types of hazards you
    may encounter?



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                Here’s the Risk

   A significant number of workplace injuries occur
    in the first few days of employment or after a
    change in duties

   Getting oriented when you start a new job with
    a new employer or even with the same employer
    helps you prevent being injured



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              What is OHS Orientation?
   Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) orientation
    involves getting employees and others familiar with the
    workplace’s health and safety program and the hazards
    people may be exposed to

   Orientation ensures that individuals are familiar with
    the company’s expectations for health and safety, the
    role that the individuals have in the health and safety
    program and the hazards of the particular worksite


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          Who Needs to be Orientated?
   Circumstances vary from place to workplace,
    but OHS orientation could be given to:
      New hires, temporary, seasonal or full-time returning
       employees
      Outside contractors
      Visitors and others

   Orientation may also be needed for employees
    that are assigned new or unfamiliar work,
    and/or equipment


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 Who is Responsible for Orientation?
   The Occupational Health and Safety Act requires
    employers and supervisors to train workers to know the
    hazards in their workplace and the procedures for
    doing the job

   Beyond this legal requirement, many people have a role
    to play in making sure that individuals are properly
    prepared and entry into the workplace

   Different people could be responsible for different
    parts of an orientation program

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 Who is Responsible for Orientation?

   For example:
      the Health and Safety coordinator might deliver the
       overall orientation of the organization’s policies and
       program
      a nurse might review accident reporting procedures

      a supervisor might outline specific safe work
       procedures for a particular job or change in job/task




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     What Topics are Usually Covered
          in OHS Orientation?
   Health and safety policies
   Roles and responsibilities
   Safe work procedures
   Work refusal procedures
   Accident/incident/hazard reporting
   Specific hazard information



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     What Topics are Usually Covered
          in OHS Orientation?
   Emergency procedures
   Discipline policy
   Personal protective equipment
   Engineering and administrative control
    measures
   The joint health and safety committee



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       Here’s What You Need to Know
       Whenever You Start a New Job
   The Law
      there are health and safety laws that specify rights
       and responsibilities for everyone in the workplace
      the law also has provision for setting up a joint
       health and safety committee or choosing a health
       and safety representative for your workplace




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       Here’s What You Need to Know
       Whenever You Start a New Job
   Hazards
      every workplace has hazards
      there are different types and you need to be aware of
       the ones in your workplace
   Learn how to protect yourself
        there are a few key parts of your workplace’s health
         and safety program you should know about that will
         help protect you


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                             The Law
   There are two sets of laws and regulations for health
    and safety in Ontario:
        Canada Labour Code (CLC), Part II for workplaces under
         federal jurisdiction
        The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) for workplaces
         under provincial jurisdiction
   These laws and regulations outline the rights, roles and
    responsibilities of workers, supervisors, employers and
    other workplace parties
   Most workplaces in Ontario are provincially regulated

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                             The Law
   Examples of workplaces under federal jurisdiction are:
        post office
        airlines
        airports
        inter-provincial transportation
        telephone
        banks
   If you are not sure if your workplace is under provincial
    or federal jurisdiction, contact the Ministry of Labour
    office (www.labour.gov.on.ca) or Human Resource and
    Skills Development Canada (www.hrsdc.gc.ca)

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              Rights & Responsibilities

   Worker Rights
     You have the right to

        Know about hazards in your workplace

        Participate in keeping the workplace
         healthy and safe
        Refuse unsafe work




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              Rights & Responsibilities

   Worker Responsibilities
      Always practice safe work procedures
      Report unsafe conditions as quickly as possible to
       your supervisor or employer
      Properly wear any protective equipment the job
       requires
      Do not do anything on the job that will endanger
       yourself or others



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              Rights & Responsibilities

   Employers must
        Take every reasonable precaution to protect a worker’s health
         and safety
        Make sure necessary safety equipment is provided, used
         properly and maintained
        Inform workers and supervisors of any hazards and how to
         handle them
        Ensure that safe procedures are followed in the workplace
        Provide information, instruction and competent supervision
         to protect the health and safety of workers


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              Rights & Responsibilities

   Supervisors must
      Take every reasonable precaution to protect a
       worker’s health and safety
      Inform workers of job hazards and ensure they are
       trained to do their jobs safely
      Ensure that workers work safely and use the
       equipment and protective devices properly where
       required



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       When Does the Workplace Need
    a Joint Health and Safety Committee?

    Under Occupational Health & Safety Act (OHSA) and
    the Canada Labour Code (CLC), where there are 20 or
    more workers in your workplace, (including
    management)

   The OHSA requires a JHSC if there is a designated
    substance in your workplace or on construction
    projects that will last three or more months and where
    there are 20 or more workers, (including management)


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When is Your Workplace Required to Have
  a health and Safety Representative?

   Under the OHSA, if there are six or more
    workers in your workplace (including
    management)

   Under the CLC, if there are five or more
    workers (including management)




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     What does the health and safety
 representative or the JHSC members do?

   Work to solve occupational health and safety
    issues before someone is injured or made ill
   Conduct regular inspections of the workplace
    and report the findings to the committee
   Make recommendations to management and
    workers on how to make the workplace safer
   Investigate serious accidents


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                  Hazards

    A workplace hazard is any condition,
    practice, behaviour, or a combination
    of these that can cause injury or illness
    to a person or damage to property




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               Hazard Recognition,
              Assessment and Control
   The “recognize, assess and control” method of
    dealing with hazards is actually a specialized
    form of problem solving

   Whether identified or merely suspected, the
    objective is to anticipate hazards and then take
    action before they can cause harm or damage


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                       Hazard Recognition

   Recognize the Hazard
      You know that feeling you sometimes get in the pit
       of your stomach when something doesn’t seem quite
       right? Learn to follow it!
      While some hazards are easy to spot, there are many
       hidden hazards that fly under the radar
                 faulty equipment or machinery
        You should report all potential hazards as soon as
         you sense that something is wrong


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              Types of Hazards
   Biological
   Chemical
   Ergonomic
   Physical
   Psychosocial




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                        Hazards
   Biological
      Blood and/or body fluids
      Insect bites

      Bird or animal droppings

   Chemical
      Paints, acids and solvents
      vapours and fumes

      Flammable materials




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                       Hazards
   Ergonomic
      Poor lighting
      Constant lifting
      Poor workstation design and chairs

   Physical
      Unguarded machines
      Ladders / scaffolds
      Constant loud noises
      Long exposure to heat or cold



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                       Hazards
   Psychosocial
      Stress from work
      Threat of violence at home or work

      Personality conflicts at home or work




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                  Hazard Control
   Hazards should be eliminated or at least
    controlled to minimize exposure to risk
   Here are a variety of ways to control hazards:
      Substitution with a less hazardous material, process
       or equipment
      Re-engineering equipment or a work process
      Installing physical barriers like machine guarding
      Personal protective equipment (PPE)
      Ventilation



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         Learn How to Protect Yourself
   WHMIS
        WHMIS is the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information
         System
        This system was designed to make sure that workers across
         Canada know how to safely handle chemicals
        It is also the law.
        Everyone in the workplace must receive WHMIS training
         that relates to the workplace, including you.
   WHMIS has three parts;
        Warning labels
        Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
        Worker Training


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         Learn How to Protect Yourself

   Personal protective equipment (PPE)
      You are responsible for properly wearing any special
       protective equipment that your job requires
      Using it will help protect you from injury and illness

      Be sure it fits right and meets approved standards




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         Learn How to Protect Yourself

   Here are some examples.
      Hard hats to protect your head
      Hair nets to keep your hair from becoming caught in
       machine parts
      Non-slip safety boots – look for CSA approval

      Gloves to protect your hands

      Hearing protection to block out dangerous levels of
       noise
      Safety glasses or goggles to protect your eyes


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         Learn How to Protect Yourself

   Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)
      Knowing the SOPs for equipment you use will help
       you do your job properly and safely
      By following SOPs you will use your equipment the
       way it was intended




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         Learn How to Protect Yourself

   Emergency Procedures
      Every workplace should have emergency procedures
       and plans
      Get to know the emergency procedures at your
       workplace




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         Learn How to Protect Yourself

   First Aid
      Regulation 1101 provides first aid requirements for
       different workplaces covered by the Workplace Safety
       and Insurance Act
      Canada Labour Code, Part II includes a first aid
       regulation that applies to federally-regulated
       workplaces




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         Learn How to Protect Yourself
   Reporting an injury
      If you do get injured or feel ill, advise your
       supervisor
      If you receive first aid, it should be recorded in the
       company’s first aid record
      Your employer must report your injury within 3 days
       to the Workplace Safety & Insurance Board (WSIB)
       if you
               receive healthcare treatment,
               lose time from work, or
               lose wages


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              H & S Orientation Checklist
   I received information on the hazards specific to my
    job
   I know my legal workplace health and safety rights
   I know my legal roles and responsibilities and those of
    my supervisor and I am committed to doing my part to
    ensure my workplace is safe and healthy
   I received and read the workplace health and safety
    policy/program



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              H & S Orientation Checklist
   My workplace has a joint health and safety committee
    or a health and safety representative. I know who the
    committee members are or who the representative is
   I received training on how to do my job safely
   I received training on the specific equipment and the
    materials I use as well as the work processes in my
    workplace
   I will look out for hazards
   I know how to report an unsafe condition or act


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              H & S Orientation Checklist
   I work with a WHMIS controlled substance and
    received WHMIS training
   I know where to find the MSDSs and have or will
    review them when handling a WHMIS controlled
    substance
   I received training on the personal protective
    equipment I need to wear and how to use it properly
   I received training on emergency procedures and know
    where the exits and first aid stations are located


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                   Summary
   Report EHS concerns promptly
   Document your concerns and follow up
   Comply with the Student Code of Conduct
   Use the proper safeguards, devices and personal
    protective equipment
   Follow the proper procedures
   Stop the work/process if you think it might be
    dangerous to you or to someone else
   Know the emergency response procedures

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