"Consumer Interest in Energy Efficiency"
Energy Efficiency Policy Development and Planning in Japan Contents 1. Outline of Energy Conservation Promotion in Japan 2. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Industry Sector 3. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Consumer Sector 4. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Transportation Sector 5. Energy Conservation Activities of ECCJ “Future Energy Scenarios toward Sustainable Energy Policies and Practice in Thailand” Workshop 28th August 2006, Bangkok/Thailand The Energy Conservation Center, Japan ECCJ 0 1. Outline of Energy Conservation Promotion in Japan * Trend of energy consumption & efficiency * Energy Conservation Law * Supportive Measures * Organizational Framework ECCJ 1 Changes in Final Energy Consumption GDP Crude Oil Conversion (trillions of yen at 1990 values) (million Kl) Japanese General Production （GDP) 450 600 16.2% 400 16.4% 500 350 67.4% 24.4% Transportation 300 400 250 Consumer 26.9% 17.9% 300 200 24.9% 150 57.1% 48.7% 200 Industrial 100 100 50 0 0 19 5 19 7 19 9 19 1 19 3 19 5 19 7 19 9 19 1 19 3 19 5 19 7 19 9 19 1 19 3 19 5 19 7 19 9 19 1 19 3 19 5 19 7 20 9 20 1 03 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 0 19 Source: General Energy Statistics Fiscal year ECCJ 2 Changes in Final Energy Consumption by Sector Index (1973=100) Source: General Energy Statistics 250 221.9 Consumer sector 200 Transportation 209.8 sector 150 100 105.0 Industrial sector 50 0 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 Fiscal year ECCJ 3 Changes in Primary Energy Intensity per GDP in Japan Ton oil eq. 1st Oil Crisis Source: METI/General Energy Statistics / Billion yen 1,700 Primary energy consumption / GDP 1,566 1,600 1,573 1,500 1,467 2nd Oil Crisis 1,438 1,400 1,405 1,327 1,345 Improvement by 37% 1,300 1,273 1,200 1,192 1,131 1,142 1,091 1,077 1,070 1,100 1,101 1,101 1,050 1,049 1,036 1,037 1,036 1,059 1,059 1,013 1,059 1,051 1,000 1,038 1,044 1,021 1,013 985 900 3 5 7 9 1 3 5 7 9 1 3 5 7 9 1 3 '7 '7 '7 '7 '8 '8 '8 '8 '8 '9 '9 '9 '9 '9 '0 '0 ECCJ Fiscal Year 4 Effect of Measures and Dissemination Rate of Typical Effect of Measures and Dissemination Rate of Typical Equipment for Energy Conservation Equipment for Energy Conservation @ @ @ @ Imp roved Energ y Typ ical Energ y D issem inati on Ra te Ind ustry Intensity(94/73 ) @ @ Conserv ation Equi pment as of 1998 Continuous caster (CC) @ 100 % Iron & 81 % @ Blast furnace top gas pressure 100 % Steel recovery equipment (TRT) @ Coke dry quenching equipment 91 % (CDQ) @ High-efficiency naphtha 100 % Petrochemical 58 % cracking reactor High efficiency compressor 100 % @ @ @ @ @ @ Gas turbine @ 100 % Cement 65 % SP, NSP kiln (Heat recovery) 100 % Paper & Pulp 61 % Continuous digester 100 % Source : ECCJ 6 ECCJ Primary Energy Intensity per GDP 2,086 1,025 1,157 (2003 by IEA statistics) 1,018 963 Currency rate to US$ as of 2000 700 629 600 570 494 500 toe/million US$ 400 340 317 300 221 200 201 200 184 152 106 100 0 Ru Ch In d Vi e Th Ma Ph Ja U .S Ca Ge U .K Wo In d F ra OE pa ss ai l ilip ina na rm l ay on rl d ia CD t na . A. . nc n an ia da an es pi n si a e to t m to t d y ia es al al ECCJ 6 Chronological Changes in Energy Conservation in Japan (1) From postwar to 1950s: With the energy use structure focusing on coal, energy efficiency was promoted from a viewpoint of the domestic coal resource preservation, and the heat management rule on using coal was enforced in „47. From 1960s to 1973: Switch from coal to oil was carried out so that it led Japan changing to an import energy dependence country. From 1973 to 1978: Just after the first oil crisis in „73, the industry as one body, focusing on the urgent countermeasures and the measures against panic situation, strived to promote improvement in plant operation and energy management with low or zero investment for curtailment of energy usage, such as air ratio optimization in a combustion furnace, exhaust-heat recovery use, heat insulation improvement, operation improvement of a boiler system, improvement of power factor on use of electricity, etc. ECCJ 7 Chronological Changes in Energy Conservation in Japan (2) From 1979 to 1990: The oil shocks two times triggered a great concern nationwide to need promoting more energy efficiency and conservation. The Energy Conservation Law was enacted in ‟79, and under the collaborative efforts between the Government and industries, retrofits and addition in facilities for improvement of energy efficiency, and occasionally the improvement of production process for cost reduction and improvement in productivity including improvement of energy efficiency, were implemented especially in energy-intensive industries making effective use of the various financial support systems. From 1990 to present: Then, after early 1990s, it was shifting the major emphasis with energy conservation issues toward the measures in the residential & commercial sector in addition to the measures in the industry sector. Moreover, global environment problems turned into a new subject, and became an important theme with the curtailment of CO2 emission. In connection with that, many varieties of technologies effective not only for energy conservation but also for the curtailment of CO2 emission has been developing. ECCJ 8 Legislation & Amendment of the Energy Conservation Law “The Law concerning the Rational Use of Energy” 1979 : Legislation of The Law (enforced in Oct. 1979) 1983 : The 1st amendment of the Law (enforced in Dec. 1983) Economic 1993 : The 2nd amendment of the Law (enforced in Apr. 1993) growth 1998 : The 3rd amendment of the Law (enforced in Apr. 1999) 3‘E’ harmonization 2002 : The 4th amendment of the Law (enforced in Apr. 2003) Environment Energy protection security 2005 : The 5th amendment of the Law (enforced in Apr. 2006) <Basic Objective of the Law> Enhancing energy efficiency in order to achieve 3E’s harmonization. • The Law stipulates the energy conservation measures regarding Factories & Workplaces, Buildings and Machinery & Equipment. • The Law has been amended and reinforced for increasing and stringent requirements to energy efficiency and conservation. ECCJ 9 Energy Conservation Law 【enacted in 1979, amended in 1983/1993/1998/2002/2005 】 Scope Measures for Factories & Workplaces Measures for Machineries & Equipment Top Runner Standards Amended Definition Standards for Judgement in ‟98 Fundamental [Ⅰ] Standards Measures for Buildings Budgetary, Policies Financial and Tax [Ⅱ] Objectives and Measures Floor space of 2,000㎡ or more Measures Annual increase of energy efficiency by 1% or more Report on Energy Saving Measures Amended in ‟02/„05 Amended in ‟98/‟05 1st Class Designated Energy Management Factory 2nd Class Designated Energy Management Factory 3,000 kL-Oil eq. or more (heat & electricity) 1,500 kL-Oil eq. or more (heat & electricity) Appointment of Energy Manager Appointment of Energy Management Officer (Management Officer for Office Buildings) Periodical Training of Energy Management Officer Periodical Report Medium-to-long Term Plan Amended in ‟98 Periodical Report Amended in ‟02 In case of a rational use of energy to be insufficient In case of a rational use of energy to be insufficient Direction for Rationalization Plan Advice and Recommendation In case of disobedience to direction On-site Inspection On-site Inspection Public Disclosure Penalty and Order ECCJ 10 Supportive Measures (1) Energy Conservation & Recycling Assistance Law Energy Conservation Recycling Etc. Factory Building R&D Low- interest loan Tax incentives * Project plan should be approved by the ministry based on the Law Approval condition: 1. To be satisfied with “Judgment Standards (guidance for introduction of high energy efficiency equipments)” in Energy Conservation Law. 2. Total energy saving in the plant is 100kL or more per year. Preferential interest rate loan: (for example) interest rate: 2.2%, loan period: 1~30years, loan coverage: 50% through Development Bank of Japan, through Japan Finance Corporation for Small and Medium Enterprise, etc. ECCJ 11 Tax Incentives for Investment of Energy Conservation Facilities ( 74 facilities only for S&M enterprises ) *as of June 2005 "Tax Incentive System for Promotion of Investment in Reformation of Energy Supply and Demand Structure" was established in 1978. 1. Deduction for corporate tax or income tax 7% of acquisition cost of equipment ( Upper limit : 20% of corporate tax or income tax) OR 2. Special depreciation Up to 30% of acquisition cost of equipment in addition to ordinary depreciation ECCJ 12 Trend of Energy Conservation Investments under the Financial Support of Tax Incentives 45,000 40,000 Number of Application 35,000 30,000 Number of Application 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Source : ECCJ Fiscal Year ECCJ 13 Supportive Measures (2) Subsidy Many subsidy schemes are handled by NEDO and other organizations 1) Projects for installation of advanced energy efficiency facilities / systems <i.e. High-temperature air combustion / Regenerative burner > 2) Projects for introduction of co-generation systems 3) Building / extending high heat insulation houses and buildings 4) Introduction of HEMS, BEMS (ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ) 5) Supporting ESCO enterprises 6) Purchasing low CO2 emission auto mobiles 7) R&D Projects for high energy efficient technologies and systems <others> ECCJ 14 METI and the Related Organizations in Japan for the Energy Conservation METI (Ministry of Economic, Trading and Industry) Agency for Natural Regional Bureaus of Economy, Resources & Energy Trade and Industry Secretariat Natural Resources & Fuel Dept. Regional Bureaus NEDO Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Energy Chubu, Kinki, Chugoku, Electricity & Gas Industry Conservation & Shikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa Renewable Dept. Energy Dept. ( 9 regions) Collaboration International Policy Energy New Energy Cooperation Planning Div. Conser- vation Div. & Renewable ECCJ Branches Office Energy Div. Hokkaido, Tohoku, Tokai- Hokuriku, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, Kyushu Energy Management ( 7 regions) Examination & Training Center International Energy Energy & Environment Smart-life Environment Administration Technology Promotion Cooperation Dept. Dept. Dept. Center ECCJ ECCJ 15 Role of ECCJ ECCJ is the core organization responsible for promotion of energy conservation. Its activities were authorized by the Diet when the Energy Conservation Law was enacted. < Energy conservation Law > Enterprises Order Government * Self-help efforts Supervise (METI) Energy management Supportive measures * Regulation & Support (TQM, Kaizen sho-shudan) R&D and Investment Periodical report Information Support Service offering Supportive * Information Supervise measures Support (technology, law/regulation) Information * Training offering * Dissemination ECCJ Civil * The bridge over both sides for implementing energy Information Dissemination sector conservation measures ECCJ 16 2. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Industry Sector * Energy Manager System * Self-help Efforts in Enterprises * Voluntary Environmental Action Plan of KEIDANREN ECCJ 17 Why did the manufacturing industry of Japan succeed in the energy conservation after the Oil Crisis? 1. Regulation measures by Government（Energy Conservation Law） 2. Support and subsidy system by Government（finance, tax, subsidiary aid） 3. Cost reduction (enforcement of international competitiveness) and Self-help efforts by companies --- investment, ZD,QC activity, Kaizen by Sho-shudan, TQM, etc. Mutual effect, Synergy effect Japan became the first class in energy conservation technology with the rapid progress of energy conservation. ECCJ 18 Energy Manager System Energy managers system have contributed greatly to carry out the energy conservation in industrial sector. <Historical back ground --- authorized by the Law> 1948 :Regulations concerning heat management and license of heat manager 1951 :Law concerning heat management 1979 :Energy Conservation Law --- reinforcement of the managers’ power <Role of Energy Managers under the Law> * To maintain energy-using facilities in sound conditions following the Guidance (Judgement Standards) by the Law. * To recommend energy efficiency improvement of the facilities. (the management has to respect the recommendation in high regard) ECCJ 19 Qualification of Energy Manager （Heat/Electricity) ECCJ is a body assigned by the government to carry out national examinations & training seminars for qualification of Energy Manager. 1. National examination Applicant 10,538 Once a year Succeeded 3,167 1 day, 4 subjects (in FY2004) 2. Training seminar Once a year Applicant 2,575 Succeeded 1,700 6 day training & 1 day examination (in FY2004) Background : education + experience ECCJ Number of Energy Managers Required by the Law The 1st-class Designated Energy Management Factories for Mining, Electricity/Gas/Heat Supply : Annual consumption of fuels & electricity Number of EM required 3,000 or less than 100,000 kl-oe 1 100,000 kl-oe or more 2 The 1st-class Designated Energy Management Factories for Manufacturing : Annual consumption of fuels & electricity Number of EM required 3.000 or less than 20,000 kl-oe 1 20,000 or less than 50,000 kl-oe 2 50,000 or less than 100,000 kl-oe 3 100,000 kl-oe or more 4 Annual consumption of fuels and electricity is evaluated as numeric figure of crude oil equivalent by using conversion factors based on actual figures. (e.g. Crude oil:38.2 GJ/kL, Day-time grid electricity:9.97 GJ/MWh) Energy managers must be selected from persons qualified by national examinations or training seminars for qualification of energy managers. 21 Energy Manager is “Key Person” for achieving the E-C activity in a factory/building Submission of Top Management Government ・Periodical report on energy consumption ・Medium-to-long term improvement plan Advising on <Energy Conservation Law> ・Improvement plan of Energy Efficient equipment and facilities ・Organization for Energy Efficiency and conservation Registered Energy Manager ・Instruction to the employees for energy conservation activities ・Technical advice for energy efficient operation of the facilities Engineers (middle management) ＜Energy Conservation Activities＞ employees ECCJ Self–help efforts in Enterprises E n e r g y M a n a g e m e n t Observation (fact finding) Control improvement Large effect Introduction of newest technology & facilities High level Task force a large (Investment level) amount of <Top management> investment Project Middle level < TQM > Technological improvement , (Technological level) Adoption of high efficiency equipment <Engineers> a small amount of investment Low (easy) level Kaizen by Sho-shudan (operational & facility management level) keeping the operation standard, small maintenance, tuning up the operational conditions, <Workers> < Minimum requirement: observation system or measuring tools of energy consumption > Small Every departments / Every parsons should be participating to the activities. effect <TQM> ECCJ 23 TQM and Sho-shudan activity •TQM and Kaizen by Sho-shudan activity are very popular in Japanese enterprises/factories. Sho-shudan activity is generally included in TQM. •All subjects concerning cost down and quality up including energy conservation can be objectives for Kaizen. However generally speaking, the theme being adopted are led to be suitable for the TQM policy (the company’s management strategy). •In some case, Kaizen will be expanding to the technological improving project of the factory/company. The position of Sho-shudan in TQM organization: TQM headquarter (leader:the factory manager) secretariat Blanch A (blanch Blanch B (blanch Blanch C (blanch leader: the general leader: the general leader: the general manager of A department) manager of B department) manager of C department) Sho-shudan Sho-shudan Sho-shudan Sho-shudan In many cases energy managers play the role of secretaries, advisers, instructors. ECCJ 24 Voluntary Environmental Action Plan of KEIDANREN (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations) * Participants : 35 industries (Coverage Ratio : 82%) as of Nov. 2005 * Implementation of Energy Conservation Measures aiming at the Target by each Industry Overall Target in FY2010: ☆ To reduce CO2 emission from Industrial and Energy-Converting Sector below the amount in 1990 : • Steel Industry: ▲10% Energy Consumption below 1990 by 2010 • Chemical Industry: ▲10% Energy Intensity below 1990 by 2010 • Paper and Pulp Industry: ▲10% Energy Intensity below 1990 by 2010 ☆ Trend of CO2 emission in the industry sector : FY1990 FY2001 FY2002 FY2003 FY2004 FY2010 FY2010 Actual -------------------------------------------------------------> Target BAU CO2 emission (Mt) 504.7 487.3 496.6 501.5 502.0 < 504.7 538.0 % to FY1990 100.0 96.6 98.4 99.4 99.5 < 100.0 105.9 ECCJ Ｓｏｕｒｃｅ：ＫＥＩＤＡＮＲＥＮ (Ｊａｐａｎ Ｆｅｄｅｒａｔｉｏn Ｅｃｏｎｏｍｉｃ Ｏｒｇａｎｉｚａｔｉｏｎｓ) 25 Points of Concern on Energy Conservation Promotion in the Industry Sector • Firm Commitment to Energy Saving : Key Point : to focus on Good Energy Management and to make Patient Self-help Efforts practically and steadily Spurred by : The Government Policies with combination of Supportive Measures and Regulations come along with Judgment Standards • The Results will be : – Improvement in Productivity – Cost Reduction – Increase of International Competitiveness – Environmentally Friendly, Waste Reduction – Contribution to Prevention of Global Warming – Enhancement of Technology Development, etc. ECCJ 26 Energy Conservation Programs towards 2010 in the Industrial Sector 1. Thorough implementation of energy efficiency required by the regulations in all designated factories & workplaces through energy audit & Follow up under severer administrative set-up 2. Tighter regulations for expanding the number of designated factories & workplaces (by integrated regulation of heat & electricity) 3. Higher efficient energy utilization in a coordinated manner in multiple factories & workplaces 4. Voluntary Environmental Action Plan of KEIDANREN 5. Supportive measures (Tax, Loan, Subsidy) for introducing energy efficient equipment and facilities 6. Capacity building (Energy Manager) 7. Commendation of excellent energy managing factories ECCJ 3. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Consumer Sector * Top Runner Program for Machineries & Equipment * Energy Saving Labeling Program * ESCO Activities ECCJ 28 Energy Conservation Measures for Machineries & Equipment “Top Runner Program” Concept for setting target standard Designated products Fuel efficiency Energy efficiency standard (km/L) ((A)is the top runner.) 11 products designated 7 more products in 1999 designated in 2002 1. Air conditioners 1. Space heaters 2. Fluorescent lights 2. Gas cooking 3. Television sets appliances 4. Copying machines 3. Gas water heaters 5. Computers 4. Oil water heaters 6. Magnetic disk units 5. Electric toilet seats 7. Video cassette 6. Vending machines recorders 7. Transformers 8. Passenger vehicles 9. Freight vehicles 3 more products 10. Electric refrigerators designated in 2006 11. Electric freezers 1. Electric rice cookers 2. Microwave ovens 3. DVD recorders Total 21 products designated (13 products in Voluntary Labeling Program) as of April 2006 ECCJ 29 Method of Indication Voluntary Energy Saving Labeling Program 13 products have been designated in the Labeling Program as of April 2006 ECCJ 30 Energy Efficient Product Retailer Assessment System • In order to promote energy efficient products, it is essential to introduce incentive measures for “retailers”, who act as a contact point between manufacturers and consumers. • Recognition should be extended to retailers that actively promote energy efficient products or provide appropriate energy conservation information. • The energy efficient product retailer assessment system was launched in FY2003. Logo Targeted Retailers: All home appliance retailers whose sales coming from home appliances account for 50% or more of total sales “Retail shops that excel at promoting energy- efficient products” are selected each year and publicized along with their rankings. Selected retail shops are awarded by the Governments as well as authorized to carry a special logo as shown left on their business activities. ECCJ 31 Effects of Top Runner Program (Performance Trend of Air conditioners) Power consumption volume during cooling Power consumption volume during heating Items in ( ) is a standard with 1995 models as 100 Total period 1995 model 412 1,080 1,492 KWh (100) Total period 1998 model 300 859 1,159 KWh (78) Total period 2003 model 242 721 963 KWh (65) Total period 2005 model 227 692 919 KWh (62) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Simple average value of representative units of energy efficient models of wall-type models with both cooling and heating function in the 2.8kW class. Source: The Japan Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Industry Association ECCJ 32 Effects of Top Runner Program (Performance Trend of Electric refrigerators) Electricity consumption per year per liter (kWh/L) Items in ( ) is a standard with 1995 models as 100 2.5 2 2.25 KWh/L (100) 1.5 1 0.38 1.02 KWh/L KWh/L 0.88 (17) 0.5 (45) KWh/L 0.53 (39) KWh/L (24) 0 1995 m odel 1998 m odel 2000 m odel 2003 m odel 2004 m odel Average values of annual power consumption per liter of representative electric refrigerator units Source: The Japan Electrical Manufacturers Association ECCJ 33 Fundamental Considerations about Top Runner Program ★ Energy conservation of equipment is being advanced steadily by the introduction of Top Runner Program. ★ Top Runner Program is an effective government policy tool in the consumer & transportation sectors. ★ It is necessary to expand the scope of Top Runner Program to include energy intensive products, as well as new models of already targeted products. ECCJ 34 Promotion of ESCO BUSINESS ESCO-Related Market Scale ESCO-related markets have shown rapid growth in recent years. Although the market size went down temporarily in FY2004 due to the decreased number of large-scale projects (mainly for installing cogeneration to replace grid-power) in the industrial sector. Yet chances will be so high that market size will further expand in the future. (100 million yen) (億円) Trends of Order Amount of Retrofitting Work 部門別省エネルギー改修工事の推移（ 受注額） Research estimates its potential 600 557 Industrial sector 産業部門 market size at 2,470 billion yen. Commercial/ 515 500 業務部門 residential sector (Source: The ECCJ’s ESCO Introduction 449 Promotion Study Group Report) 374 400 The market scale of ESCO 269 335 226 business in the US in 2000 is 300 134 265 36% approximately US$2 billion. 200 186 170 158 95 91 246 240 223 222 100 64% 92 107 79 0 Fiscal 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 年度 Year Source: JAESCO (Japan Association of Energy Service Companies) survey ECCJ 35 Energy Conservation Programs towards 2010 in the Consumer Sector 1. Top Runner Program expanding to other energy-intensive products 2. Spread of highly efficient water heaters with aid of subsidy 3. Tighter regulations for owners of designated housings & buildings to take sufficient energy efficient measures during new construction and large-scale repair, etc. 4. Dissemination of HEMS & BEMS 5. Promotion of ESCO Activities with aid of subsidy 6. Information service about energy-efficient products (Clothing, Food, Living), ex: Ranking Catalogue for Energy Efficient Appliances 7. Change of Life Style “Smart Life” a) Campaign & Advertisement to disseminate “Smart Life” b) Support to Grass-root people‟s activities for energy conservation c) Support to schools for energy conservation education to school children ECCJ 4. Promotion of Energy Conservation in the Transportation Sector * Top Runner Program for Automobiles * Promotion of Idling-stop ECCJ 37 Effects of Top Runner Program (Performance Trend of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles) Trends in Average Fuel Efficiency Trends in Shipment of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles that Have Achieved FY2010 Fuel Efficiency Standards of Gasoline Passenger Vehicles Number of TR standard achieved units Total number of shipped units Fuel efficiency Unit : 10,000 TR achieved percentage% (Km/L) 15.0 14.7 500 100% 479.8 90% 14.5 461.9 459.9 446.2 14.0 400 80% 355.8 77% 14.0 70% 13.5 13.5 13.2 300 60% 12.9 235.0 13.0 50.9% 50% 12.3 12.4 200 40% 12.5 163.3 12.1 34.0% 30% 12.0 90.0 100 20% 20.2% 11.5 10% 11.0 0 0% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2003 1999 2000 2001 2003 ECCJ Fiscal year Fiscal year 38 39 Fuel Economy Disclosure and Labeling System for Vehicles - The system was introduced in January 2004 to deepen consumer interest/ understanding on fuel economy and promote cars with high fuel performance. - Disclose Fuel Economy Performance The disclosure is targeted for cars of which fuel economy standards are set based on the energy conservation law. Either the status of “fully compliant”or “plus 5% of the fuel economy standard” will be publicly displayed. - Label a Fuel Economy Identifiable Sticker Label a sticker on the body of a car that conforms either to “fully compliant with the fuel economy standard” or “plus 5% of the fuel economy standard”. Energy conservation law target year FY2010 FY2005 Vehicles subject to the energy Gasoline passenger/freight vehicles/ LP conservation law gas passenger vehicles Diesel passenger/freight vehicles Models plus 5% of the fuel economy standard Models compliant with the fuel economy standard ECCJ 40 Traffic Management Measures - Adjusting automotive traffic demands through the promotion of TDM (Transportation Demand Management) measures. - Promoting ITS (Intelligent Transport System) by promoting ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) and VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System) Promotion of TDM (Transportation demand ETC promotion measures management) trials Current Serious traffic congestion in city areas ○ 12 trillion yen in economic loss each Status year ○ Limitations to road development aimed Raise the ETC usage rate to around 70% for transport capacity increase by the end of FY2007 to alleviate congestions at toll gates. Road Management Measures for Local Police managing traffic demand Roadside aerial Combination＝ＴＤＭ Measures for improving the convenience of public transports Park & Ride, etc. Control on illegal parking Experimental measures for alleviating congestion in partnership between local Government Support governments, the police National Police Agency/Ministry and transportation One-coin bus (\100 per ride), etc. of Land, Infrastructure and businesses Transport certify and partially Two-way Radio Transportation Business subsidize (1/3 of costs) for Verification verification trials expected to gain effectiveness on congestion Trial alleviating measures. Source: Organization for Road System Enhancement (What is ETC?) ECCJ 41 Energy Conservation Programs towards 2010 in the Transportation Sector 1. Improvement in Fuel Efficiency of cars (Accelerated introduction of Top Runner Program) 2. Spread of Clean Energy cars (hybrid & fuel-cell models) 3. Pervasion of Idling Stop cars 4. Tighter regulations for transportation companies and cargo owners to be obliged to draw up energy conservation plans and report the amount of energy consumption to the government 5. Energy saving measures related to Traffic Systems - Developing PTPS (Public Transportation System) utilizing IT - Information service about Road Traffic Data to private sectors - Promotion of TDM (Traffic Demand Management) ECCJ 42 5. Energy Conservation Activities of ECCJ * Profile of ECCJ * Main Activities of ECCJ * International Cooperation ECCJ 43 Profile of ECCJ Legal status : * NPO under the supervision of METI Establishment : * 1978 (just after the 2nd oil crisis) Purpose of establishment : * Core organization responsible for promotion of energy conservation Office location : * Tokyo Head office & 8 branches Supporting member : * 2,834 companies (as of April 2005) Staff : * 123 persons (as of April 2006) Budget : * 4,857 million yen in 2006FY (44 million U$) Fields of activity : * Industrial, Residential/Commercial Transportation and Cross sectors ECCJ 44 ECCJ Organization Chart (outline) as of August 2006 < established Oct. 16, 1978 > Administration dept. branches (Sapporo, Sendai, Nagoya, Board of Bored of Toyama, Osaka, Hiroshima, Directors Councilors Takamatsu, Fukuoka) Management evaluation div. Smart-life Promotion dept. Chairman President Public relations div. Dissemination div. Managing Directors Research & Planning div. & ESCO promotion div. Directors Auditors Energy Environment Technology dept. International Energy & Environment Cooperation Center (other departments) Energy Management Examination & Training Center ECCJ 45 Head Office Hokkaido Branch & 8 Branches Sapporo Hokuriku Branch Chugoku Branch Tohoku Branch Sendai Kyushu Branch Kanazawa Hiroshima Fukuoka Osaka Tokyo Takamatsu Nagoya Head Office Osaka Branch Tokai Branch Shikoku Branch ECCJ ECCJ 46 Main Activities of ECCJ ① Energy conservation audits services for factories ② Education & training on energy conservation Industrial ③ State examination for energy managers (assigned by the Gov.) sector ④ Dissemination (conference for successful cases of E-C activities, excellent energy conserving equipment, etc.) ⑤ Technological development and spillover ① Energy conservation audits services for buildings ② Ranking catalogue for energy efficient appliances Consumer & ( dissemination of Top Runner Program ) ③ Promotion of Energy labeling system Transportation ④ International Energy Star Program implementation sector ⑤ Energy efficiency product retailer assessment system ⑥ Dissemination of Energy conservation indicator “E-Co Navigator” ⑦ Energy efficiency education at elementary and middle schools ⑧ ESCO research and development ① Energy conservation campaign & exhibition (ENEX) Cross ② Commendation (grand energy conservation prize) sector ③ Information & data base, Publicity and publishing ④ Survey and monitoring ⑤ International cooperation & Communications ECCJ 47 Public Programs on Energy Conservation Auditing Performed by ECCJ (FY2004) Program Applicable factory Overview Funded by Energy On-site Report of Conservation discussions findings → METI Auditing for Medium sized Document review 1 day Proposals on Factories On-site improvement factories inspections (Free-of-charge) 100 factories/year Energy On-site Report of Conservation discussions findings → Document review 1day METI Auditing for Proposals on Buildings On-site improvement Buildings inspections (Free-of-charge) 350 buildings/year Energy Report of Document review Conservation On-site findings → Auditing for Large sized inspections with 3 days Proposals on measuring improvement & METI / NEDO Factories factories devices introduction of new technologies (Free-of-charge) 70 factories/year ECCJ We have made public the proposed measures & expected effects for other factories’ reference. Energy-saving effect by 1 day-audit (Average energy-saving rate by industry) Average:7.4% Printing & publishing 7.5 Machinery manufacturing 7.7 Wood product manufacturing 8.3 Apparel manufacturing 8.4 Rubber product manufacturing 8.5 Water treatment & supply works 8.9 Chemical industry 9.1 Textile industry 10.3 Furniture manufacturing 10.9 Fur manufacturing & processing 11.1 Petrochemical manufacturing 11.3 Waste disposal 12.1 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Sample No.: 1,524 Audit effect Energy-saving rate (%) ECCJ 49 ECCJ organizes and implements every year the National Convention of Excellent Successful Cases from 1976 Mass meetings for announcement of excellent cases to disseminate and promote them . <4,000~5,000 participants at 11 venues every year> 6-7February, 2003 Tokyo 50 ECCJ No. of cases presented 0 50 100 150 200 250 1 97 300 6 1 97 50 7 77 1 97 8 130 1 97 9 163 1 98 0 164 1 98 1 237 1 98 2 273 1 98 3 256 1 98 4 226 1 98 5 220 1 98 6 212 1 98 7 198 1 98 8 167 1 98 9 51 146 Year 1 99 0 16 1 99 1 1657 (FY) 1 99 2 167 1 99 3 147 1 99 4 147 1 99 5 154 1 99 6 141 1 99 7 Number of successful cases presented at 147 1 99 8 152 1 99 9 173 2 00 0 185 2 00 1 180 2 00 2 161 2 00 3 the National Convention of Excellent Successful Cases in Energy Conservation Activities 161 Cases on the ECCJ’s Web-Site. You can see details of these Successful Grand prize at the National Convention of Excellent Successful Cases In Energy Conservation Activities <2003 FY, Central & 9 Regional Conventions> 1. Grand prize of Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry (3) * Daikin Industries, Ltd. “Integrated energy-efficiency unit of freezing, refrigerating and air-conditioning” * Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. “Highly efficient inverter-driving turbo chiller” * Toyota Motor Corporation “Toyota intelligent Idling-stop system” 2. Prize of Director General of Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (5) 3. Prize of the Chairman of ECCJ (15) You can see details of these Successful Cases on the ECCJ’s Web-Site. ECCJ 52 53 Promotion toward “Smart Life” -- Change of lifestyle in Residential & Commercial Sector First oil crisis (1973) Imminently promoted energy Perpetual energy Second oil crisis (1979) conservation measures conservation measures Promotion and enlightenment of Sustained awareness of energy energy conservation conservation Action ¶ Summer and winter campaigns (PR activities Change of lifestyle through mass-media, Commendation ceremonies ) Change of lifestyle ¶ ENEX exhibitions ¶ Education (posters contests, textbooks, seminars) Energy Checklist efficient ¶ Grass roots activities (Ene. con. Republic ) of lifestyle equipment ¶ Disclosure of information on internet Equipment “Energy ¶ Ranking catalogs for high energy efficiency (TV, Conservation Refrigerator, Air-conditioner, etc.), Labeling system Navi” ¶ Energy conservation Indicator (Ene-Con “Navi”) ¶ Grand prize for energy conservation (activities, House “Car Idling- equipments) reforming Stop” ¶ International Energy Star logo displayed on High energy quality activity energy-saving OA equipments ECCJ Education Programs at primary/middle model schools Appointment of Model Schools Role of Model Schools: (FY2001~2003) 1) Carry out education and build up system 540 Primary schools for energy conservation to match school characteristics. 90 Middle schools 2) Establish leadership in community through keeping interactive collaboration. ECCJ‟s Supports (3 years) for : ① Construction of network among schools, homes and communities. - Supply and use of “Energy Conservation Navi” ② Promotion of education for energy conservation in classwork. - Contests of advertisement poster and essay - Supply of text-books, brochure and VCR for energy conservation ③ Capacity building for spread of energy conservation activities. - Training seminars for school teachers and community inhabitants ④ Publicity of energy conservation activities. - Upload in ECCJ homepage - appearing in “Ambassador News” ECCJ 55 ENEX Exhibition ENEX exhibition is one of ENEX 2006 the biggest comprehensive Number of Visitors; Tokyo site 50,148 exhibitions in Japan Osaka site 23,523 regarding energy efficiency and conservation to be held in Tokyo and Osaka every February which is the Energy Conservation Month. It is an exhibition organized by ECCJ under the support of METI, featuring various kinds of energy conservation measures and new energy technologies to provide the public with a broad range of information concerning energy-saving subjects across the sectors. ECCJ Fundamental Framework of ECCJ’s Activities for International Cooperation <Policy Proposal> *Investigation of policy regarding energy and energy conservation. *Potential survey and feasibility study on energy conservation and reduction of GHG emission. <Capacity-Building> *Training course in Japan and abroad. *Dispatching experts to overseas for seminars, workshops, etc. <Technical Cooperation> *Factory audit and improving advise through field activities including plant survey, energy conservation audit, etc. *Cooperation and support for establishment and operation of EE&C Centers or such organizations. ECCJ 57 Overview of ECCJ’s Activities for International Cooperation China Rep. Training in May 2006 Revised ECTC Japan 1992/7 – 1999/1 Colombia Energy and/or Thailand Malaysia Dispatching Argentina Conservation Experts Uruguay CIPURE 1995/7 – 2000/6 Center, China Rep. Argentina Japan Paraguay Bulgaria Hungary Bulgaria EEC 1995/11 – 2000/10 Iran Philippines Dominica Seminars Turkey in countries Poland Korea Ethiopia NECC 2000/8 – 2005/7 JICA’s Project- Thailand Indonesia Egypt Oman Thailand Type Technical ECCT Cooperation Malaysia India Kenya Honduras 2002/4 – 2005/4 Iran Plants Survey China Rep. Romania Bangladesh Lithuania NTCEM Policy Study 2003/4 – 2007/3 g Argentine Sri Lanka Turkey Morocco Poland ECTC Philippines Taiwan Pakistan Tanzania 2004/7 – 2008/6 Cambodia Korea Mexico Brazil China Rep. Korea 1999 - 2002 1997 India Tunisia Saudi Arabia Fiji Malaysia Singapore 2000,03,04 Kenya Bahrain Jordan Mongolia 83,00,03,04 Indonesia Sri Lanka Palestine Vietnam Chile Cuba 94,95,01,02,04 94,95,00,01,04 Serbia and Philippines Myanmar Turkey Guatemala Peru Montenegro 95,01,02,04 01,02,04 Thailand Mexico Venezuela Croatia Syria Cambodia 00,03,04 01,02,04 Brazil Cote d’Ivoire Lao PDR Vanuatu Czech Brunei 01,03,04 00,03,,04 Nigeria Slovak Viet Nam Other Countries India 01 & 04 ECCJ METI and the Related Organizations in Japan for International Cooperation in Energy Efficiency & Conservation METI MOFA (Ministry of Incorporated (Ministry of Economy, Trade Government Agency Foreign Affairs) and Industry) Agency for Natural Trade and Regional Bureaus Resources & Energy Economic JETRO Cooperation Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kinki, (Japan External Secretariat Natural Bureau Resources & Chugoku, Shikoku, Trade International Fuel Dept. Kyushu, Okinawa Organization) Affairs Section ( 9 regions) Technical Cooperation Electricity & Energy Conservation & Division Gas Industry Dept. Renewable NEDO Energy Dept. ECCJ Branches JICA (New Energy (Japan and Industrial International Policy Energy New Energy Hokkaido, International Cooperation Planning Conser- & Renewable Tohoku, Tokai- Technology Cooperation Office Div. vation Div. Energy Div. Hokuriku, Kinki, Development Agency Chugoku, Organization) Shikoku, Kyushu ( 7 regions) AOTS (The International Energy Association Energy Energy & Management Environment Environment Smart-life Administration for Overseas Examination & Cooperation Technology Promotion Dept. Training Center Center Dept. Dept. Technical Scholarship) ECCJ ECCJ 59 International Cooperation Schemes of ECCJ Your Government‟s Proposal to Japanese Government METI Scheme: METI Subsidies ECCJ Political JETRO Capacity-Building Japanese Government Dialogue for METI (Training course in Japan, Dispatch of experts, etc.) GAP/GPP Technical Corporation (Dispatch of experts for survey, Energy audit, Seminar, etc) SOME-METI METI Scheme: NEDO, JETRO, etc. ECCJ Meeting Assignments Capacity Building & Technical Transfer (energy audit, seminar, potential survey on energy conservation and GHG reducing ) JICA country office ECCJ MOFA ODA Scheme: JICA Assignments Capacity building Japanese (Training in Japan, Dispatch of experts, etc.) Embassy Project–type Technical Cooperation (ex. establishment of EE&C Center) ECCJ 60 METI Scheme ASEAN PROMEEC (Promotion for Energy Efficiency and Conservation) Project - Details of Activities - Japanese government’s (METI’s) scheme to provide financial supports and dispatch of experts to ASEAN countries (10 countries) for the Energy Audits and Seminar/Workshop, which are jointly organized by ACE (ASEAN Center of Energy) and ECCJ. Promotion of EE&C in Industry & Building 1. Follow-up investigation for awareness and dissemination of existing recommendations and consultation for further improvement 2. Development of Database/Benchmark/Guideline of EE&C 3. Development of Directory of EE&C Technologies (Including introduction of the successful cases) Energy Management (New) Activities to establish Energy Management System for ASEAN through co-work of ASEAN Working Team and Japanese Experts 1. Analyzing recommendations (Industry / Building) related to the Energy Management 2. Information Exchange and Identification of Barriers / Countermeasures in each Country 3. Building Concept of ASEAN Energy Management System for ASEAN countries 4. Development of ASEAN Energy Management System (Utilizing The Existing Facilities in ASEAN) ECCJ 61 METI Scheme <Example of Training Course in Japan> <METI / ECCJ> ASEAN Training Program on EE&C for Vietnam Duration: September 27, 2004 – October 8, 2004 (10 days) Number of Participants: 15 Objectives: (1) To enable the participants from government and public sectors to acquire better capabilities to enforce the energy conservation decree in Vietnam. (2) To provide more opportunities to enhance their understanding for energy manager/officer system in Japan for practical application of the system in Vietnam. (3) To learn Japanese methodologies for energy management as well as energy conservation such as small group activity and TPM (total productive maintenance), as well as the qualified person for energy management system in Japan. Program: Lecture, Plant tour to study excellent energy management and Workshop (discussion and presentation of action plan for EE&C). ECCJ 62 JICA Scheme JICA-project type International Cooperation Establishment of Energy Conservation Center CHINA : ECTC (1992.7~99.1) Master Plan ARGENTINA : CIPURE (1995.7~00.6) Dispatch BULGARIA : EEC (1995.11~00.10) of ECCJ experts TURKEY : NECC (2000.8~05.7) Training in Japan THAILAND : ECCT (2002.4~05.4) Provision of IRAN : NTCEM (2003.4~07.3) equipment POLAND : ECTC (2004.7～08.6) ECC : The Energy Conservation Center ECTC : Dalian China Energy Conservation Training Center In progress CIPURE : The Rational Use of Energy Center NECC : The National Energy Conservation Center ECCT : The Energy Conservation Center ,Thailand NTCEM : The National Training Center for Energy Management ECCJ JICA Scheme <Example of Establishment and Management of EE&C Center - EEC Project> JICA/ECCJ Thailand Energy Conservation Project Duration: April 2002 – April 2005 Counter part: Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) Object: Establishment of the National Training and Examination System for Qualification of the Certified Energy Manager(EM) Program: ・ Cooperation to establishment of the National Training and Examination System. ・ Preparation of texts and instruments & facilities for the training. ・ Cooperation to start up the training course and national examination of EM. ・ Cooperation to establishment of the system to support the activities of the Certified Energy Managers. ・ Training of the counter parts in Japan. ・ Seminar in Thailand. ECCJ 64 Thank You Very Much More information is available by accessing ECCJ’s Internet Home Page at: http://www.eccj.or.jp/index_e.html The Energy Conservation Center, Japan ECCJ 65