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Monuments and Malls

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									             Monuments and Malls


Task:
Research the design, history and purpose behind the
monuments that define our nation’s history.
Begin with the National Mall itself, located in Washington
D.C. Research the design concept, architect, and history
surrounding its inception and then do the same for each
individual monument placed along this structural tribute to
our national history.
You must record hand written notes from three separate
sources for each of the monuments found along our
National Mall. Notes should be done in your 5 subject
notebook and appear in the Cornell format with the
following information:

Monument: ________________________________
Sources Cited: _____________________________

   Historical Significance as it relates to the
    person/event memorialized
   Controversies
   Architect
   Design Concept
   Vivid Description of site including geography, foliage,
    architectural elements etc
   Dedication Information
   5 additional interesting facts
   Structural changes made over time
   Any additional information that aids in the
    understanding of the significance of the monument to
    American History.
        Monuments, Memorials & Malls



                            Partner A
1. Arlington National Cemetery
2. Civil War Unknowns Monument (A.N.C)
3. Eternal Flame (A.N.C) JFK Gravesite
4. Franklin D. Roosevelt
5. Jefferson Memorial
6. John Ericsson Memorial
7. Korean War Memorial
8. Lincoln Memorial
9. Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial
10. National Capitol Building
11. National Mall


                            Partner B
12. Potomac Park
13. Robert E. Lee Memorial
14. Spanish American War Memorial (A.N.C.)
15. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (A.N.C.)
16. U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
17. Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
18. United States Botanic Garden
19. Vietnam Memorial
20. Washington Monument
21. White House/President’s Park
22. World War II Memorial
Student Sample of written info:

One of the greatest symbols of American Democracy
also celebrates the tremendous accomplishments which have united
the nation for more than 200 years. The Lincoln Memorial located on
23rd St. NW faces over the Reflecting Pool between the Capital Building
and Potomac River. It’s a place where people gather and draw attention
to causes/issues that still divide our country today. People from all over the country come to
visit this memorial because of its serenity and significance. But most importantly, it is a
tribute to President Abraham Lincoln and the nation he fought to preserve during the Civil
War. Lincoln Memorial was dedicated 57 years after Abraham Lincoln’s death (Memorial
Day, May 30, 1992. 50,000 people attended this ceremony in remembrance of Lincoln. Martin
Luther King Jr. even gave his speech, “I have a dream…” at the memorial (not in the
opening)).
        Architect, Henry Beacon, and sculptor, Daniel Chester French of New
York were the masters of this architectural phenomenon. Their design concept
was to make the monument resemble a classic Greek temple with 36 columns
which represent the union at the time of Abraham Lincoln’s death. The temple
itself stretches 204 ft. in length, and 134 ft. in height. The columns which are
made out of marble are 44 feet tall. The exterior is made from white colored
marble, the interior is made from Indiana limestone, pink Tennessee marble for the floor, and
Alabama marble for the ceiling. Etched into the outer walls are the names of the 48 states in
the union at that time (Hawaii and Alaska have a plaque in the approach plaza). On the inner
walls, there is a famous mural buy Jules Guerin (this mural depicts the angel of truth freeing a
slave), and a couple of famous speeches made by Lincoln. On the north wall is Lincoln’s
second Inaugural speech and on the south wall is the Gettysburg Address. Above the statue it
says, “In this temple, as in the hearts of the people, for whom he saved the union, the memory
of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever.”
        When you stand next to the immense statue of Abraham Lincoln,
you can truly feel his significance. The size itself represents what a great
man he was. The most significant part about the statue however is Lincoln’s
position. One hand is clenched while the other is relaxed, and one of his legs
is forward while the other is back. This is supposedly symbolizing how when
Lincoln wanted to free slavery, one half of the states wanted to move forward and grow while
the other half wanted to just stay stuck where they were. Small details such as these have
made the Lincoln Memorial as profound as it is today. Its main purpose was to spread through
the country his most valued and constant belief that all people should be free.

For further information, go to:
http://en.wiipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Memorial/
http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/lincoln.html/
http://www.nps.gov/linc/
http://sc94.ameslab.gov/TOUR/linemem.html/
http://showcase.netins.net/web.creative/lincoln/sites/memorial.htm/

								
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