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Monuments and Malls Task: Research the design, history and purpose behind the monuments that define our nation’s history. Begin with the National Mall itself, located in Washington D.C. Research the design concept, architect, and history surrounding its inception and then do the same for each individual monument placed along this structural tribute to our national history. You must record hand written notes from three separate sources for each of the monuments found along our National Mall. Notes should be done in your 5 subject notebook and appear in the Cornell format with the following information: Monument: ________________________________ Sources Cited: _____________________________ Historical Significance as it relates to the person/event memorialized Controversies Architect Design Concept Vivid Description of site including geography, foliage, architectural elements etc Dedication Information 5 additional interesting facts Structural changes made over time Any additional information that aids in the understanding of the significance of the monument to American History. Monuments, Memorials & Malls Partner A 1. Arlington National Cemetery 2. Civil War Unknowns Monument (A.N.C) 3. Eternal Flame (A.N.C) JFK Gravesite 4. Franklin D. Roosevelt 5. Jefferson Memorial 6. John Ericsson Memorial 7. Korean War Memorial 8. Lincoln Memorial 9. Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial 10. National Capitol Building 11. National Mall Partner B 12. Potomac Park 13. Robert E. Lee Memorial 14. Spanish American War Memorial (A.N.C.) 15. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (A.N.C.) 16. U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum 17. Ulysses S. Grant Memorial 18. United States Botanic Garden 19. Vietnam Memorial 20. Washington Monument 21. White House/President’s Park 22. World War II Memorial Student Sample of written info: One of the greatest symbols of American Democracy also celebrates the tremendous accomplishments which have united the nation for more than 200 years. The Lincoln Memorial located on 23rd St. NW faces over the Reflecting Pool between the Capital Building and Potomac River. It’s a place where people gather and draw attention to causes/issues that still divide our country today. People from all over the country come to visit this memorial because of its serenity and significance. But most importantly, it is a tribute to President Abraham Lincoln and the nation he fought to preserve during the Civil War. Lincoln Memorial was dedicated 57 years after Abraham Lincoln’s death (Memorial Day, May 30, 1992. 50,000 people attended this ceremony in remembrance of Lincoln. Martin Luther King Jr. even gave his speech, “I have a dream…” at the memorial (not in the opening)). Architect, Henry Beacon, and sculptor, Daniel Chester French of New York were the masters of this architectural phenomenon. Their design concept was to make the monument resemble a classic Greek temple with 36 columns which represent the union at the time of Abraham Lincoln’s death. The temple itself stretches 204 ft. in length, and 134 ft. in height. The columns which are made out of marble are 44 feet tall. The exterior is made from white colored marble, the interior is made from Indiana limestone, pink Tennessee marble for the floor, and Alabama marble for the ceiling. Etched into the outer walls are the names of the 48 states in the union at that time (Hawaii and Alaska have a plaque in the approach plaza). On the inner walls, there is a famous mural buy Jules Guerin (this mural depicts the angel of truth freeing a slave), and a couple of famous speeches made by Lincoln. On the north wall is Lincoln’s second Inaugural speech and on the south wall is the Gettysburg Address. Above the statue it says, “In this temple, as in the hearts of the people, for whom he saved the union, the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever.” When you stand next to the immense statue of Abraham Lincoln, you can truly feel his significance. The size itself represents what a great man he was. The most significant part about the statue however is Lincoln’s position. One hand is clenched while the other is relaxed, and one of his legs is forward while the other is back. This is supposedly symbolizing how when Lincoln wanted to free slavery, one half of the states wanted to move forward and grow while the other half wanted to just stay stuck where they were. Small details such as these have made the Lincoln Memorial as profound as it is today. Its main purpose was to spread through the country his most valued and constant belief that all people should be free. For further information, go to: http://en.wiipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_Memorial/ http://bensguide.gpo.gov/3-5/symbols/lincoln.html/ http://www.nps.gov/linc/ http://sc94.ameslab.gov/TOUR/linemem.html/ http://showcase.netins.net/web.creative/lincoln/sites/memorial.htm/
"Monuments and Malls"