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					Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
              Colombo, Sri Lanka,
                7-10 April 2009

   Bridging the Standardization
       Gap and Participation



Paolo ROSA
Head, Workshops and
Promotion Division,
ITU - Telecommunication
Standardization Bureau
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                                              WSIS Actions and ITU
                                                                  Action Line                              Possible Moderators/Facilitators
                                          С1. The role of public governance authorities and all           ECOSOC/UN Regional Commissions/ITU
                                          stakeholders in the promotion of ICTs for development
                                          С2. Information and communication infrastructure                               ITU
                                          C3. Access to information and knowledge                                    ITU/UNESCO
   World Summit on Information Society,




                                          C4. Capacity building                                                   UNDP/UNESCO/ITU/
                                                                                                                      UNCTAD
       Geneve 2003 and Tunis, 2005




                                          C5. Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs                        ITU
                                          C6. Enabling environment                                              ITU/UNDP/UN REGIONAL
                                                                                                                 COMMISSIONS/UNCTAD
                                          C7. ICT Applications                                                      UNDP/ITU
                                                E-government                                                  WTO/UNCTAD/ITU/UPU
                                                E-business                                                     UNESCO/ITU/UNIDO
                                                E-learning                                                         WHO/ITU
                                                E-health                                                            ILO/ITU
                                                E-employment                                             WHO/WMO/UNEP/UN-Habitat/ITU/ICAO
                                                E-environment                                                       FAO/ITU
                                                E-agriculture                                                 UNESCO/ITU/UNCTAD
                                                E-science
                                          C8. Cultural diversity and identity, linguistic diversity and                UNESCO
                                          local content
                                          C9. Media                                                                    UNESCO
                                          C10. Ethical dimensions of the Information Society                       UNESCO/ECOSOC
                                          C11. International and regional cooperation                         UN REGIONAL COMMISSIONS/
                                                                                                               UNDP/ITU/UNESCO/ECOSOC
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
               WTSA-08 : Issues for
               developing countries




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                 Some inputs to WTSA-08
     • Some statistics
           – Participations
           – Contributions
     • Issues for discussions
           – Facilitating the participation (remote/in the regions)
           – Facilitating the understanding of ITU-T activities
           – Reflecting African countries requirements
     • Resolutions related to Developing Countries (DC)
     • Other issues
           – Conformity and Interoperability concerns
           – Chairman – Vice Chairmanship
           – Paperless Meeting

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                             Countries attending
                                      (2008 Study Group meetings)

                                                                              Developing
       50
       45                                                                     Developed
       40
       35
       30
       25
       20
       15
       10
        5
        0
            2

                  3

                         4

                                5

                                      6

                                             9




                                                                             16

                                                                                  17

                                                                                       19
                                                   11

                                                          12

                                                                   13

                                                                        15




                                                                                            AG
       SG

                SG

                      SG

                             SG

                                    SG

                                          SG




                                                                         SG

                                                                              SG

                                                                                   SG
                                               SG

                                                      SG

                                                             SG

                                                                    SG




                                                                                        TS
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                              Number of Participants
                                               (2008 Study Group meeting)

       300                                                                  Developing
                                                                            Developed
       250

       200
       150
       100

         50
           0




                                                      G
               2

                     3
                            4
                                   5

                                          6

                                                 SG 9
                                                     11

                                                     12
                                                     13
                                                     15

                                                     16
                                                     17
                                                     19
                                                    A
         SG

                SG
                       SG
                              SG

                                     SG
                                            SG


                                                 SG
                                                 SG
                                                 SG

                                                 SG
                                                 SG
                                                 SG

                                                 TS
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
    Contributions at the last SG meetings
                                                 (Logarithmic scale)


      1000
                                         Developing
                                         Developed
       100



         10



           1




                                                         G
               2

                    3

                           4



                                         6

                                                9
                                  5




                                                       11

                                                       12

                                                       13

                                                       15

                                                       16

                                                       17

                                                       19

                                                       A
          SG

                   SG

                        SG



                                      SG

                                             SG
                               SG




                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    SG

                                                    TS
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                      Facilitating the participation
   • In participating to the WTSA, developing
     countries had a control over SG activities
   • WTSA role is changing, member states
     participating in TSAG have more power
     between two WTSAs
   • Necessity to participate to TSAG and to SGs
         – Direct participation
         – Through regional Groups
         – Through representatives
         – Using new “remote” technologies

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
          Facilitating the understanding
      • Many actions have been taken
            – Free access to technical ITU-T Recommendations
            – A manual for beginners has been developed and
              updating after WTSA-08 is in progress
            – Development of guides aimed at developing countries
              for help implementing ITU-T Recommendations
            – Seminars, Workshops, Regional meetings and
              Forums,
                  • Presentations and tutorials available online
                  • Audiocast recorded and available online for most events
            – Close contact and increased cooperation with ITU
              Regional & Areas Offices, and Centers of Excellence
              for events and capacity building purposes
            – TSB staff identified as contact point for the Region
            – Website has been improved, e-flash,…
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
          Facilitating the understanding

      • Some ideas of what could be added
            – What developing countries could do?
            – Electronic meetings after each SG? To inform the
              results of interest for developing countries with
              Questions and Answers period…
            – Regional groups, “Block meetings in the regions”
            – Flagship groups
            – Remote participation
            – What else?



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                       Reflecting regional requirements

    • Develop a Question of particular interest for the
      region
    • Discuss the issue in the region
           – Regional Groups
    • Submit contributions
           – How to submit? Individual member or after regional
             consultation?
    • Reply to the Questionnaires from ITU-T
           – Nominating a regional contact point for each SG of
             interest


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                     PP-06 Resolution 123
                                         (Antalya, 2006)
      Recognizes:

      "the continued shortage of human resources in the
      standardization field in developing countries,
      resulting in a low level of developing-country
      participation in meetings of ITU-T and of ITU-R
      and, consequently, in the standards-making
      process, leading to difficulties when interpreting
      ITU-T and ITU-R Recommendations;"


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
        Three dimensional environment
                              Any TIME connection

                            • On the move
                           • Outdoors and
                                  indoors
                                    • Night                   • On the move

                                  •Daytime                 • Outdoors
                                                       • Indoors (away from the PC)
                                                    • At the PC
                                                                        Any WHERE connection
Source: ITU, Adapted from NRI (Japan)
                                              • Between PCs
                                          • Human to Human (H2H), not using a PC
                                        • Human to Thing (H2T), using generic equipment

                                  • Thing to Thing (T2T)


         Any THING connection

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                      The concept of Opportunity Index (OI) to
                          measure the information society


                                                                   Infodensity
                                                                   ICT capital [telecommunication
                                                                   network infrastructures (fixed,
                                                                   mobile, internet) and of ICT,
                                                                   including equipment (cables,
                                                                   routers, etc),



                                                                   Info-use

                                                                   Three indicators:

                                                                   • Internet users every 100
                                                                     inhabitants
                                                                   • PC owners every 100
                                                                     inhabitants
                                                                   • Houses and TV sets proportion




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                          Digital Divide
                    Standardization Gap &
                   Participation Relationship

                         Standardization Gap &
                      Poor Access to Technologies
   Digital Divide ≈ -----------------------------------
                       Increase Participation &
                            Capacity Building




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                   The Standardization Gap
  • The standardization development gap: persistence of the wider
    digital divide in ICTs.

  • Unequal access to technology and the ability to use that
    technology

  • ability to access, implement, contribute to and influence
    international ICT standards, ( ITU Recommendations)

  • digital divide measures disparities
     – among different regions (e.g., urban/rural), or
     – between different groups within society
       (e.g., by age, sex, race, income, etc)

  • PP-06 (Res. 123) and WTSA-08 Resolutions



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
         Bridging the standardization gap

     • ITU-T mandated to bridge the
       standardization gap between developing
       and developed countries.

     • Action plan established:
                 •   Improve standards making capabilities
                 •   Develop guidelines
                 •   Consultancy
                 •   Human resources building
                 •   Fundraising
                 •   Fellowship

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                              Technical Flyers
      •    Numbering, Naming and Addressing
      •    VoIP
      •    QoS & QoE
      •    NGN
      •    ASON
      •    B-PON ; CWDM; DSL ; G-PON
      •    Optical Fibres and Cables
      •    OTN ; OTS
      •    Synchronization over packet networks
      •    Accessibility
      •    H.264 ; H.350
      •    Multimedia Communications
      •    ASN.1
      •    Security
      •    IMT-2000




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                        Workshops: some activities
       •    Forums Bridging Standardization gap in the Regions
       •    The Fully Networked Car – A Workshop including Demonstrations on
            Information and Communication Technologies in Motor Vehicles Geneva,
            March
       •    ITU Symposium 2 on ICTs and Climate Change, Kyoto and London, April
            and June 2008, Next in Quito July 2009
       •    ITU-T/IEEE workshop on the next generation optical access
            Geneva, 19 – 20 June 2008
       •    ITU Workshop: “ICT Standards and Intellectual Property Rights”, 1 July
            2008
       •    Workshop on "From Speech to Audio: bandwidth extension, binaural
            perception", 10-12 Sep 2008
       •    Side events at WTSA-08 and IGF
       •    Participation in BDT Forums in the regions
       •    Next Forums on the implementation of the WTSA-08 Resolutions
                                                  http://itu.int/ITU-T/worksem




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
         Workshops in and out Geneva
           Year          N.         Total        Average                Geneva       outside Geneva
                       Events       yearly      days/event
                                     days
                                                                   days          %   days      %

           2002          12           24             2.00           11       46       13       54
           2003          14           36             2.57          24        67       12       33
           2004          15           31             2.07           8        26       23       74
           2005          18           47             2.61          16        34       31       66
           2006          18           41             2.28          19        46       22       54
           2007          15           33             2.20          13        30       20       70
           2008          30           60             2.00          21        35       39       65



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                 Workshops trend
        N. Of           in                                                        in
                                                                                       % Days
        Days           out                                                       out
       50                                                                                100
                                                                                          90
       40                                                                                 80
                                                                                          70
       30                                                                                 60

                                                                                          50
       20                                                                                 40
                                                                                          30
       10                                                                                 20

                                                                                          10


            2002          2003           2004           2005       2006   2007    2008



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
          Workshops in 2008 by Region




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                   ITU Centre of Excellence
                                                                   5 Prog/ 5 Partners
                                                                                      R.O.Korea
       Worldwide Networks                                Technical Awareness          Pakistan
                                                          Regulatory Issues           Thailand               5 Prog./ ? Partners
                       4 Prog./5 partners               Business Management
                                                                                      Malaysia
                                                          Rural connectivity                                       To be
                                                        Spectrum management           Iran
              3 PROGRAMS OAS/CITEL
                 Telecom Policies                                                                                 defined
              New Telecom Techniques    IDB                         CoE ASP
                 Regulatory Issues   BELL SOUTH                                                         Tech.Awareness      Strategic Management
                                         IIT                                                         Policies & Reg. Issues   Technology Trends
                ICT based Business
                                        CTU                                                         Corporate Management       Regulatory Issues
                                                                                                     Internet Technologies Spectrum management
                                                                                                       Spect Man & Sup.      Information Techn.
                          CoE AMS
                                                   The ITU Centre                                            CIS
                                                                                                           Branch
                                                                                                                                    CEE
                                                                                                                                   Branch

                                                    of Excellence                                            CoE EUR+CIS

                                                      Network
                     6 Prog./2 partners                                                                  5 Prog./2 partners
               Telecom Policies
               Regulatory Issues                                                                    Regulatory Issues         SFM
                                   ALCATEL                                                        Business management
             Business management                                                                                               IIT
                                     IIT                                                            New Technologies
              New Technologies
                 IP Awareness                                                                     Spectrum Management
                                                           5 Prog./3 partners                       Rural Connectivity
              Rural Connectivity
                                                                               CTO
                      CoE ARB                        Regulatory Issues         Airtel                      CoE AFR-F
                                                   Business management          IIT
                                                     New Technologies
                                                   Spectrum Management
                                                     Rural Connectivity

                                                              CoE AFR-E
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
        TSB Questionnaire to
        developing countries on
   Bridging the Standardization Gap

       It will provide background information on
       the relevance of ITU-T Recommendations
       for developing countries and a useful tool
       to develop strategies able to meet the
       requirements of the PP-06 and WTSA-08
       Resolutions.

   TSB Circular 213 – 5 May 2008
   to: tsbpromo@itu.int

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                    The ITU-T Questionnaire
                                              TSB Circular 213 of 5 May 2008
                                                   replies by 13 of June

      • Familiarity with Recommendations published by ITU-T
      • Relevance and usefulness of Recommendations to
        Developing Countries
      • Difficulties for implementation and suggestions to
        increase participation by developing countries
      • Regional standardization “block” meetings as a tool to
        facilitate participation from the regions
      • Seminars and Workshops in the regions
      • The WTSA Resolutions relevant to developing countries:
        contributions and proposal for improvement


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                     Participation




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
               W T S A - 0 8 N E W R E S O L U T I O N 7 4
               Admission of Sector Members from developing
               countries in the work of the ITU-T
   • resolves
     … to encourage the adoption of the necessary
     measures to enable new members from developing
     countries to join ITU-T …and other groups within the
     ITU-T, (consider financial contributions applied in the BDT)

   • instructs the Director of the
     Telecommunication Standardization Bureau
     to propose to the Council to consider the admission
     of such category in the work of the
     ITU-T …. and to include its consideration of this
     matter in the council work for the preparation of the
     2010 Plenipotentiary Conference.
  Note: These Sector Members from Developing Countries shall not
  be affiliated in any way to any Sector Member of a Developed
  Country, and be limited to those Sector Members of Developing
  Countries classified by the UNDP as low income per capita Country,
  not exceeding (……US$).

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                 TIES and ITU-T Members
                       distribution
                                                                  ITU-T Sector Members and Associates, June 2007
       ITU Member States and their TIES accounts, June 2007
                                                                    100%
         100%                                                                            9       16       0
                       258
                                          49                                     88
                                                                     80%
          80%
                      2'064                                                                                 LDC
          60%                                                       60%
                                                     LDC
                                                                                                            Developing
                                         106         Developing
          40%                                                                                     102       Developed
                                                                    40%
                                                     Developed                  227
          20%         1'531
                                                                    20%
                                          36
           0%
                                                                     0%
                  TIES Accounts      Member States
                                                                           Sector Members      Associates



                Need for more participation
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                        Participation
                                                            ITU-T SG Chairs and Vice-Chairs, 1996-2000-2004
Participants in ITU-T m eetings
         Total: 2'987               3'896                      100%
  100%                                                                          1            3             3
                         1.5%                                      90%    9
                 20.0%                           2.3%
                                   26.5%                           80%                 23           33
   80%
                                                                   70%                                   LDC
                                               LDC                 60%
   60%                                                                                                   Developing
                                               Developing          50%                                   Developed
   40%          78.4%                          Developed           40%    44
                                   71.2%                                               51
                                                                   30%                              56
   20%                                                             20%
                                                                   10%
    0%                                                             0%
                 2000               2007                                 1996        2000         2004




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
             Participation: Contributions
                                                              Developing                  ITU-T Member
                                                              countries                    contributions
                                                                          678                       2007
                                                                     contributions
                                                                       (25.2%)



                                                                           2'011contributions
                                                                                (74.8%)

                                                                                                Developed
                                                                                                 countries




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                The Standardization
                                Development Ladder
          • Bridging the standardization development gap
            requires a sequence of steps, depending on the
            level of:
             – economic development
             – local manufacturing capability
             – local R&D capability
             – previous engagement with ITU
          • These steps can be conceptualised in terms of a
            “Ladder of Standardization Development”



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                    Standardization
                 Development Ladder (1)
     Capacity-building
     • to build a national resource base of
       qualified engineers able to implement
       Recommendations
     • ITU centres of excellence

     Growing use of ITU Recs
     • can be measured in terms of sales or                         National training and

       downloads of Recommendation
                                                                   Capacity-building in use
                                                                   ITU Recommendations



     • should help to reduce costs and promote                     Growing use of ITU

       inter-operability                                           Recommendations




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                 Standardization                                   Entering proposals at WTSA
                                                                    on future study questions



              Development Ladder (1)
                                                                     and work programmes



                                                                   Nominating representatives
                                                                   as study group chairs, vice -



       Entering proposals to WTSA
                                                                    chairs. rapporteurs, focus
                                                                         group chairs etc


                                                                    Submit contributions at
                                                                      Study Groups and


       Determining ITU-T study
                                                                       related meetings




       questions to drive the work of
                                                                     Attracting ITU meetings
                                                                     and/or regional groups
                                                                            (Res 54)



       the Study Groups.                                               Going to Study
                                                                      Groups and related
                                                                          meetings



      Contributing to ITU-T SGs                                      ITU Sector and Associate
                                                                          Membership


       “Contribution-driven”
       philosophy: to enter into the
                                                                     National training and
                                                                   capacity-building in use of
                                                                    ITU Recommendations



       process and shaping future                                     Growing use of ITU


       standards
                                                                      Recommendations




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                                                                         Entering proposals at WTSA
                                                                   Entering proposals
                                                                   E                      on future study questions
                                                                                           and work programmes



  It’s all about                                                                         Nominating representatives



  It’s all about
                                                                                         as study group chairs, vice -
                                                                   Nominating reps
                                                                   N                      chairs. rapporteurs, focus


  ENGAGING
                                                                                               group chairs etc




             the
  climbing and
                                                                                          Giving contributions at
                                                                   G
                                                                   Giving inputs             Study Groups and


 with ITU                                                                                    related meetings




Standardization
        its
                                                                   Attracting meetings
                                                                   A                       Attracting ITU meetings
                                                                                           and/or regional groups
                                                                                                  (Res 54)



 Development
 membership,
                                                                   Going to meetings
                                                                   G
                                                                                              Going to Study
                                                                                            Groups and related
                                                                                                 meetings



      Ladder
    by getting                                                     ITU Membership
                                                                   I                      ITU Sector or Associate
                                                                                                Membership




 more involved                                                     National Training
                                                                   N
                                                                                           National training and
                                                                                         capacity-building in use of
                                                                                          ITU Recommendations



                                                                                          Growing usage of ITU
                                                                   Growing Usage
                                                                   G                        Recommendations
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
           Regional Flagship Groups




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                    Types of collaboration
                                          Same time                      Different time
                                         synchronous                     asynchronous
    Same place




                                   Face-to-face meetings           Ongoing collaboration
                      co-located




                                    meeting rooms, projection       project management tools,
                                       systems, tabletop             e-calendars, wall charts,
                                     computer, flip charts etc       shift-work groupware etc
    Different place




                                      Remote meetings                  Time-shift remote
                      remote




                                   remote collaboration tools,           collaboration
                                    video/audio conferencing,       websites, forums, email, e-
                                      IM/chat, telepresence,       calendars, sharepoints, wikis,
                                   webcasts, virtual worlds etc         version control etc


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
        Remote participation why?
      • To assist in bridging the standardization gap,
        especially for delegates from developing
        countries
      • To provide training materials
        (archived on web)
      • To make participation in short meetings
        more efficient
        (e.g. steering committees, seminars,
        rapporteur groups)
      • To contribute in reducing carbon footprint


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                           Segmenting the market
                                                               Telepresence

                                             Portable
                                             videoconferencing

                            Remote meeting with                          Studio-based
                            shared screen and audio                      videoconferencing
        Increasing costs




                           Webcast/Webinar                         Web conference with
                           (one-way)                               full interaction (two-way)

                            Phone calls                 Virtual Worlds

                                               Audio
                           Email               conference
                                     Instant
                                     messaging


                                   Increasing bandwidth requirements

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                        Remote collaboration
                        existing online tools
     • Free access to ITU-T
       Recommendations online (since 1
       January 2007)
     • TIES access (password protected) to
       meeting documents etc
     • Other electronic tools, e.g.,
       correspondence groups, informal FTP
       areas on website, Forums etc

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                Remote participation
    • ITU-T trial, launched by TSAG in Dec-07, to
      evaluate remote participation tools
           – GoToMeeting: used extensively within ITU for
             short (>2 hours) meetings, with up to 30
             participants
           – GoToWebinar: used for covering Climate Change
             symposium in Kyoto, with up to 200 participants
             over 2 days (archived)
           - WebEx: one year trial offered by CISCO



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
            Possible future scenarios
  • Increasing share of ITU meetings held outside
    Geneva or in cyberspace
        – Workshops and symposia, Webinars
        – Regional block meetings
  • Distributed participation in ITU meetings
        – Broadcast (two-way audio/video) to regional offices of
          Centres of Excellence, allowing for local interaction and
          participation
  • Increased use of remote collaboration tools
        – Full-scale use of existing tools after trial period?
        – ITU-T workshops in Second Life?

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
    Resolution 54 : Creation of regional groups




       to support, within available or otherwise
     contributed resources and on a case-by-case
         basis the creation of regional groups
                          SG2
                          SG3
                          SG6
                         SG12

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
  Working Methods and Procedures
      • Establishment
      • Leadership
      • Participation
           (Participation is open to any individual expert from a country which is a member of ITU who wishes to contribute to the work. This includes individuals who are also
           members of international, regional and national organizations. Participation in Regional Group should not be used as an alternative to ITU membership)

      •    General financing of Regional Group
      •    Financing of meetings
      •    Administrative support
      •    Meeting logistics
      •    Working language
      •    Deliverables
           (contributions from the countries of the region, reports, etc. to the parent study group)

      •    Approval of deliverables
      •    Regional Groups can establish their own rules of approval.
      •    Printing and distribution of deliverables
      •    Progress reports
           (Regional Group progress reports are to be provided to the parent study group meeting)

      • Meeting announcements
      • Working guidelines

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
         Standardization “Block”
         Meetings in the Regions




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                               From the Questionnaire
                                         1.6 Usefulness of block meetings

                       8

                       7
                                                                                                                1.7 Willingness to host block meetings
                       6
  Number of entities




                       5

                       4

                       3
                                                                                                     Yes
                                                                                                                                                         Yes; 7; 47%
                       2                                                                             No
                                                                                                             Maybe; 8; 53%
                                                                                                     Maybe
                       1

                       0
                           1                 2             3                4                   5
                                                                                                                                         No; 0; 0%
                           Not helpful                                          Definitely helpful




Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                  The ITU-T “Block”
                 Meetings in the region
      •Cooperation with regional organizations: CITEL,
       RCC, APT, ATU, LAS,…

      •One per year per region possibly co-located
       with the ITU Development Forums

      •Topics decided by the membership and
       transversal to any ITU-T Study Groups

      •Official status as generator of contributions to
       parent study groups

      •TSB secretarial support, EDH facilities as any other
       SG meeting
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                 The BK,J matrix concept:
                any Question from any SG
                 SG A             B         C         D        E          F   G   N   N+1
        Q
         1

         2
                                                                   BE,3
         3

         4

         5
         6

         7

         n
       n+1



Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
            “Block” Meetings: Pros and Cos

  • PROS:
  •    More participation of experts from the region: study, progress, approval process -
       “have a voice in global standards”
  •    Increase of contributions from the region
  •    Lower costs associated (travel/accomodation Region/Geneva) for regional experts
  •    Same TSB facilities available on site: regional presence
  •    Possibility to co-locate S-RBMs with ITU Forums or other events
  •    Potential increase of membership: sector’s promotion
  •    Reduce standardization gap and digital divide increase capacity building
  •    Possibility to reduce Study group meetings duration

  • COS:
  •    TSB staff to move for one-two weeks
  •    Funding / associated organizational costs
  •    Risk to work on too much regional-oriented standards
  •    Need to look for co-location with ITU Forums or other events

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
              Americas Flagship Group

      • Resolution 123 (PP-06) – Standardization
        Gap
      • Resolution 44 Efforts to decrease the
        standardization gap
      • Resolution 54 Regional Groups
      • TSAG to set up a group on the
        standardization gap


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
     Evaluation Mechanisms
   For the Standardization Gap

    a)Volume of downloads from Recs ITU-T site;
    b)Number of TIES users
    c) Number of Sector members and associates;
    d)Number of Chairmen and rapporteur from DCs
    e)Number of contributions to the SGs
    f) Regional groups
    g)Flagship groups


Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                 Flagship Group Americas
                                  « FLAG-AL »
      • Permanent regional standards awareness
      • Training on standardization in the regions also producing
        manuals and audio/video material
      • Support and measure participation in ITU-T activities
        from public, private sectors and academia
      • Translate ITU-T material
      • Support SMEs
      • Put in place tools for a remote or direct participation of
        experts in ITU-T activities
      • Creation of regional Testing & Calibration labs
      • Support participation from Academia
      • Invite regulators to put in place mechanisms to consider
        international standards when preparing national
        technical regulations

Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009
                                        ITU Mission
   c                 Committed to Connecting the
   o                           World
   n
   c
   l                                     ITUing…
   u
   s
   i

                    YES, WE DO !
   o
   n
   s

Paolo ROSA
Head, Workshop and Promotion Division
ITU - Telecommunication Standardization Bureau
tsbpromo@itu.int
Forum on Next Generation Network Standardization
    ITU Sri Lanka, 7-10 Standardization Gap – Brasilia, May 2008
Colombo,Forum BridgingApril 2009

				
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