Complaint Breach of Contract Divorce by fqk21358

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 7

More Info
									CIVIL & CRIMINAL LAW


     By Danielle Allen
              Picture form “My cousin Vinny”
                          section 1




In civil cases the plaintiff claims to have suffered
   a loss and usually seeks damages from the
defendant. The defendant argues either that the
 loss did not occur or that the defendant is not
responsible for it. Lawsuits may involve property
 disputes, breach of contract, or family matters,
  such as divorce. If the suit is not settled, the
                 case goes to trial.
                           Key Terms
                                section 1

Plaintiff~ The party bringing the
   lawsuit
Defendant~ the party being
   sued
Injunction~ a court order
   commanding a person or
   group to stop a certain
   action
Complaint~ a formal statement
   naming the plaintiff and the
   defendant and describing
   the nature of the lawsuit
Summons~ a document telling
   the defendant of the suit
   against them and ordering
   them to appear in court on a
   given date and time
                                Section 2




  Criminal cases can be divided into crimes against people, crimes
against property, and victimless crimes. Officers make arrests if they
have witnessed a suspected crime, if a citizen has made a complaint
  or reported a crime, or if a judge has issued an arrest warrant. A
preliminary hearing is followed by an indictment by a grand jury and
arraignment. In many cases the prosecution and the defendant may
  reach a plea bargain. This is an agreement in which the accused
person agrees to plead guilty, but to a lesser charge. If the case goes
 to trial, guilt or innocence will be determined by a jury or a judge.
                            Key Terms
                                 section 2

Crime~ an act that breaks a
   federal or state criminal law
   and causes harm to people or
   society in general
Arraignment~ a procedure that a
   defendant must appear in at
   court
Testimony~ answers given while
   under oath
Cross-examine~ to question a
   witness at a trial or a hearing
   to check or discredit the
   testimony
Acquittal~ a vote of not guilty
Hung Jury~ a jury that cannot
   agree on a verdict
                          Section 3




In most states anyone under 18 is considered a juvenile,
or someone not yet legally an adult. All states and the
federal government allow juveniles who are charged
with very serious crimes to be tried as adults. The
juvenile justice system is able to treat young people in
ways that are different from the adult system. The
primary purpose of juvenile courts is to try to rehabilitate
the person.
                     Key Terms
                         section 3


Juvenile~ someone who is
  not yet legally an adult
Juvenile Delinquent~ young
  people who commit crimes
Rehabilitate~ to correct a
  persons behavior

								
To top