Computer Phd Research Proposal

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					  PhD Research Proposal:
Collective Learning in Design

    PhD student: Mr. Zhichao Wu
    Supervisors: Dr. Alex Duffy
                 Mr. Bill McCracken
Research Aim
     Develop a computer based means to
    support collective learning through:
   Investigate the phenomena of collective learning in
    design based on the context of design coordination
    (DC), and
   Investigate situatedness in DC.
The concept of collective learning
   A group of agents (human being,
    computer system, etc)
   Learning collectively
   Interactions between agents
   Improvement of system performance
Levels of learning in design
                    Organizational
                      Learning

                  Collective Learning



  Individual Learning              Individual Learning



                        Non-learning
   Collective learning process
     Knowledge acquisition &                       Knowledge Transformation
     input between agents                          between agents




                               Collective
                               knowledge
                               base

                           Knowledge Acquisition
                           & Input between
                           collective knowledge
Knowledge modification     base and agents

between agents



                                   Chunks of knowledge
The concept of situatedness
   Three useful meanings (Clancey):
    functional situatedness, structural
    situatedness, and behavioural
    situatedness.
   Situatedness in design (John Gero).
Results of critical literature review
Pros                                 Cons
   Some studies of situatedness        Few DC systems with
    in linguistics, social science       learning capability and
    and artificial intelligence.
                                         consideration of
   A number of systems in               situatedness.
    agent-based learning in
    Distributed Artificial              No collective learning model
    Intelligence.                        is found.
   A number of theories of             Very limited works in
    collective learning and              collective learning in design.
    organisational learning.            Limited works in
   Theories and systems in              situatedness in design.
    learning in design exist.
   A learning model in design
    based on single agent.
  Study framework
 Basic Foundation         Focus of the Study
 of the Study

Theories and systems in
  Learning in Design        Collective
                            Learning
 Design Coordination                           Situated Collective
       Theory                                       Learning
                          Situated Design
                           Coordination
     Situatedness
A Loop of DC Activities and Collective Learning Activities
                Design coordination activities




 Learning      DC                     Learned DC   Designing
            Knowledge                 Knowledge




                Collective Learning Activities
 Adding Situatedness to the Loop
           Designing Coordination
                  Activities
                                          Situatedness
                                           in Design

                                          Context   Decision
                                                    Making

Learning      DC              Designing
           Knowledge     Learned
                           DC
                        Knowledge



             Collective Learning
                  Activities
A Loop of Situated DC and Situated Collective Learning

                 Situated DC Activities




Learning   Situated DC               Learned Designing
           Knowledge               Situated DC
                                   Knowledge




           Situated Collective Learning Activities
Progress
   To date
       Finish the stage of critical literature review.
       Two papers: one journal paper and one
        conference paper for ICED
   Next Steps
       Development of collective learning model
            Formalism of design coordination activities
            Formalism of collective learning activities
            A collective learning model
       Build prototype system
       Case study
Summary
  This presentation describes my
 works in last year and my future
 works.
   Thank you very much!

         Questions?

Email: chao@cad.strath.ac.uk
Why study collective learning in design?

   The significance to industry
       The links between design coordination and collective
        learning
       A formula in collective learning:
                                1+1>2
       Improve the performance to design coordination

   The limited works in current literature
    (see results of critical literature review)
Why study situatedness in the context of
design coordination?

   To make knowledge more useful
   The potential functional, structural, and
    behavioural situatedness in design
    coordination.
Functional situatedness (1): agent may make different
decisions in different contexts


               Context   Decision
                         Making
Functional Situatedness (2): different agents may have
different viewpoints for the same problem




                       ?
Structural situatedness: agents interact with changing
environment




                     Agents



           Changing design environment
Behavioural situatedness (1): knowledge evolving


   K’      K’’      K’’’   K’’’’




             Time
Behavioural situatedness (2): Design teams distribute in
different locations

				
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