PhD Research Proposal:
Collective Learning in Design
PhD student: Mr. Zhichao Wu
Supervisors: Dr. Alex Duffy
Mr. Bill McCracken
Develop a computer based means to
support collective learning through:
Investigate the phenomena of collective learning in
design based on the context of design coordination
Investigate situatedness in DC.
The concept of collective learning
A group of agents (human being,
computer system, etc)
Interactions between agents
Improvement of system performance
Levels of learning in design
Individual Learning Individual Learning
Collective learning process
Knowledge acquisition & Knowledge Transformation
input between agents between agents
& Input between
Knowledge modification base and agents
Chunks of knowledge
The concept of situatedness
Three useful meanings (Clancey):
functional situatedness, structural
situatedness, and behavioural
Situatedness in design (John Gero).
Results of critical literature review
Some studies of situatedness Few DC systems with
in linguistics, social science learning capability and
and artificial intelligence.
A number of systems in situatedness.
agent-based learning in
Distributed Artificial No collective learning model
Intelligence. is found.
A number of theories of Very limited works in
collective learning and collective learning in design.
organisational learning. Limited works in
Theories and systems in situatedness in design.
learning in design exist.
A learning model in design
based on single agent.
Basic Foundation Focus of the Study
of the Study
Theories and systems in
Learning in Design Collective
Design Coordination Situated Collective
A Loop of DC Activities and Collective Learning Activities
Design coordination activities
Learning DC Learned DC Designing
Collective Learning Activities
Adding Situatedness to the Loop
Learning DC Designing
A Loop of Situated DC and Situated Collective Learning
Situated DC Activities
Learning Situated DC Learned Designing
Knowledge Situated DC
Situated Collective Learning Activities
Finish the stage of critical literature review.
Two papers: one journal paper and one
conference paper for ICED
Development of collective learning model
Formalism of design coordination activities
Formalism of collective learning activities
A collective learning model
Build prototype system
This presentation describes my
works in last year and my future
Thank you very much!
Why study collective learning in design?
The significance to industry
The links between design coordination and collective
A formula in collective learning:
Improve the performance to design coordination
The limited works in current literature
(see results of critical literature review)
Why study situatedness in the context of
To make knowledge more useful
The potential functional, structural, and
behavioural situatedness in design
Functional situatedness (1): agent may make different
decisions in different contexts
Functional Situatedness (2): different agents may have
different viewpoints for the same problem
Structural situatedness: agents interact with changing
Changing design environment
Behavioural situatedness (1): knowledge evolving
K’ K’’ K’’’ K’’’’
Behavioural situatedness (2): Design teams distribute in