Elements of Poetry 4 Elements of Poetry I Rhythm II Rhyme by fmouton

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									4 Elements of Poetry

I. Rhythm
II. Rhyme
III. Sound
IV. Imagery
I. Rhythm- The arrangement of
stressed and unstressed sounds which
give the poem a beat and cadence. This
beat is created by using meter and foot.

A. Meter – pattern of stressed and
  unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.

B. Foot – a unit of meter. It is the
  number of stressed or unstressed
  syllables per line.
II. Rhyme- The occurrence of similar
or identical sounds at the ends of two or
more words.
A. Internal Rhyme - rhyme can occur within a
     EX: Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered   weak
     and weary.
B. End Rhyme - rhyme can occur at the end
   of a line.
     EX:   There never was yet a boy or man
           Who better could mend a kettle or pan.

C. Rhyme Scheme – The pattern of rhymes
   formed by the end rhyme in a poem.
III. Sound- a poet uses sound as well
as words to create a poem. It helps to
make the poem more musical and to
reinforce meaning.

A. Alliteration- Repetition of consonant
   sounds at the beginning of words.
   EX: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
      What is the alliteration?
• Mickey Mouse
• Donald Duck
• Running and romping
• She sells seashells by the seashore.
• A busy bumble bee buzzed boldly toward
• The wicked, wild witch walked with her
  wobbly cane down the watchtower.
B. Assonance- Repetition of vowel
   sounds within words.
   EX:     Rise and shine.
           Down and Out

         What is the assonance?
• Some ship in distress, that cannot live.
• While in the wild wood I did lie,
  A child – with a most knowing eye
C. Consonance- Repetition of consonant
   sounds within words.
      EX:     But the father answered never a word.

        What is the consonance?
•   First and last
•   Odds and ends
•   It was a stroke of luck.
•   Great, or good, or kind, or fair
•   I will ne’er the more despair
D. Onomatopoeia- Use of words that
   imitate sounds.
   EX:    Moo, splash, blurt, zoom, bang, buzz.

E. Repetition- Technique in which a
   sound, phrase, or line is repeated for
   effect or emphasis.
   EX:    Forever and ever.

F. Refrain- When an entire line of poetry
   is repeated.
IV. Imagery- Descriptive words or
phrases that appeal to the senses. This
is done by using figurative language…

A. Simile – Comparison of unlike things
   using the words like or as.
   EX:    My love is like a red, red rose.

B. Metaphor – Comparison of unlike things
   without using the words like or as.
   EX:   My love is a red, red rose.
C. Personification – Human qualities are
   given to inanimate objects or ideas.
   EX:    The wind whistled.

D. Hyperbole – An exaggeration of the truth
   for the sake of emphasis.
   EX:    Millions of times a day.
          I’m starving.

E. Idiom – An expression which means
   something different from what is actually
   EX:    to put one’s foot in one’s mouth

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