Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2008 Annual Report
SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION IN AFRICA
During the period under review, Africa continued to experience the impact of the Global
financial down turns and economic decline, with increase in the drug trade, movement of
African economic migrants to Europe, coupled with the abrupt increase in the prices of fuel
and basic food commodities. As Africa grappled with the economic and financial spill over
from the global financial crunch and other social problems, several African countries
experienced street demonstrations. Such countries included Senegal, Cote d‟Ivoire,
Cameroon and Guinea.
On another front, immense efforts were deployed by the World Health Organization and
African Health authorities to reduce and eventually eradicate Malaria, minimize the spread
of HIV/AIDS and other diseases which continue to plaque the Continent and undermine
regional initiatives for socio-economic growth and development.
In related developments, there were incessant reports of the increase in illegal drug trade in
West Africa. This new phenomenon is reported to be gaining a foot hold in the sub-region
at an alarming rate. Agents of the drug cartel are said to be infiltrating the ranks of
Governments and security forces in the sub-region. In July of the reviewing period, a
Venezuelan aircraft touched down at the Lungi International Airport in Freetown with a
huge cargo of cocaine on board. The pilots and crew members were later arrested by the
Sierra Leonean security forces. This situation led to the dismissal of Sierra Leone‟s
Minister of Transport.
In the West African countries of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Guinea and Ghana, there are
reports that monies from the illicit drug trades are being used to finance political activities
and campaigns and other activities to the disadvantage of the general good of these
countries. These activities are now said to claim the attention of Governments and
international organizations responsible to regulate the use of narcotics and other harmful
In Liberia, activities of drug traders were said to also be on an increase. Recently,
authorities at the Ministry of Justice and the Police destroyed several million kilograms of
cocaine confiscated from drug traffickers.
Natural disasters in Africa during the reviewing period took the form of torrential rains
leading to flooding, on the one hand, and the scarcity of water and the rains causing drought
in many countries, on the other. The resulting flooding from the heavy rains eroded fertile
agricultural terrain which denied the population in several West and Southern African
countries of their usually plentiful harvest and also made planting impracticable.
In Ethiopia among other countries, drought has caused famine and other adverse situations
for the population in those areas. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) and the World Food Program (WFP) have been involved in helping
Governments of the affected areas to find solutions to these problems which many believed
are the results of global warming.
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS IN ASIA
PEOPLE‟S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
During the year under review, China experienced a number of natural calamities. First, it
was hit by an unprecedented snow and ice disaster for an extended period in several
southern provinces. On May 12, 2008, an earthquake that measured 8.00 on the Richter
magnitude scale, hit the Sichuan Province and killed about 70,000 people, injured another
400,000 and affected about 20 million people. Despite all these natural calamities, during
the year under review, China successfully delivered the Olympic Games to the world. These
games were among others characterized by distinctive all-round Chinese performance..
China‟s vision of voyaging into space came to pass. Its first ever space walk became a
reality when Shenzhen 7 made a successful space trip with a three-man crew on board and
returned to earth on September 28 with a successful landing.
Japan‟s political life experienced some turbulences culminating in the change of the
Government of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda on September 1, 2008. Prior to his
resignation, however, Prime Minister, Fukuda made significant diplomatic achievements,
especially in the perennially uneasy China-Japan relations. However, it must be said that
the Japanese people were more concerned about the economy and other social issues which
eventually caused the Fukuda Government to be replaced by Mr. Taro Aso as Prime
Pakistan, an important ally of the United States, experienced a major political crisis which
led to the resignation of President Pervez Musharaf on August 18, 2008. Mounting
pressure from the two major political parties which threatened to resort to impeachment
proceedings, criticisms from exiled politicians and a growing pro-democracy movement at
home eventually brought down the Pakistani President.
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES
On November 4, 2008, the United States held general elections for President and Vice
President, Senators, Representatives, and State Governors. Following no less dramatic
Primaries the Presidential candidates came down to Senators Barack Obama, an African-
American (D-Illinois) and John McCain (R-Arizona). Senator Obama, the victor, received
338 electoral votes and 52% of the popular votes to Senator McCain‟s 157 electoral votes
and 47% of the popular votes. As a result, Senator Obama was elected as the first black
President of the United States of America at the age of 47.
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS IN EUROPE
During the period under review, few European countries experienced change of leadership.
In Italy, Prime Minister Romano Prodi lost a vote of confidence in Parliament and was
forced to resign causing the Italian President to dissolve Parliament and call for snap
elections in April 2008. In Austria, a quick legislative election for the National Council
was held in September 2008. The election, the 24th in Austrian history, was necessitated
by the withdrawal of the Austrian People‟s Party leader, Wilhelm Molterer, from the Grand
In other electoral developments in Europe, the Russian Presidential Election held on March
2, 2008 resulted in the coming to power of Dmitry Medvedev as the third President of
modern Russia. Mr. Medvedev, whose candidacy was supported by incumbent President
Vladimir Putin and five Political Parties (United Russia, Fair Russia, Agrarian Party,
Civilian Power, and the Russian Ecological Party), received 71% of the vote and defeated
candidates from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and the Democratic Party
of Russia amongst others. This election in Russia saw the incumbent, Vladimir Putin, being
appointed in the new Government as Prime Minister.
Also during this period, Russia invaded Georgia over the secession ambition of the
Province of Ossetia from Georgia. The invasion of Georgia became a tipping point for
east-west relationship as it obliged Moscow to use military force to protect its sphere of
influence and test the West‟s commitment to its new allies in the East. In Britain, Prime
Minister Tony Blair, was replaced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Gordon Brown,
after heading the British Government as Labour Party Leader for some ten years.
FINANCIAL CRISIS IN EUROPE
During the reporting period, the collapse of financial institutions and major banks in the
United States, rapidly evolved into a global problem resulting in the failure and decline of a
number of European Banks, various stock indexes, and significant reductions in the market
value of equities (stock) and commodities worldwide. Europe has joined political leaders
and National Ministers of Finance and Central Bank Directors to coordinate their efforts to
reduce impact on the ongoing crisis. European Governments announced National Relief
packages valued at hundreds of billions Euros in an effort to bail out Europe‟s financial
system followed the strategy meetings between Europe and the United States particularly to
overhaul the International Financial Architecture
LIBERIA’S FOREIGN RELATIONS
Liberia‟s Foreign Policy as referred to in the preface to this report, is firmly rooted in its
political ideology of liberalism and democracy. Generally speaking, the guiding principles
of Liberia‟s foreign policy has been the maintenance of national security and the
preservation of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the country, the promotion of
peace and harmony based on the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other
States, and the unity of purpose in the international community.
The economic thrust that Liberia experienced during the pre-war period was interrupted by
socio-political upheavals culminating in an armed conflict reducing Liberia to a failed and
Pariah State. But with the end of this dismal period and the ascension of Madam Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf, to the leadership of Africa‟s first Republic in 2006, Liberia‟s stature and
standing in the comity of nations have immensely improved. This new status has been
made possible due primarily to a radical change in the country‟s foreign policy orientation
adopted by the first democratically Female President on the African Continent.
The pillars of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf‟s new foreign policy orientation consist of a
firm recommitment to the principles and ideals of the United Nations, the African Union,
the Economic Community of West African States, and the Mano River Union. Accordingly,
Liberia reaffirmed her absolute adherence to the rules of international law, the principles of
peaceful coexistence, non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations, respect for the
sovereign and equality of all States.
The central objective of this new foreign policy orientation is to secure the national interests
through the forging and maintenance of closer and stronger ties of friendship and economic
partnership with traditional allies and friends, as well as the opening of new avenues of
engagement and mutual solidarity with other States.
The national interest, as pursued during the period between 2006 to 2008, are being served
through the implementation of Government‟s Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Program
(IPRSP). Essentially, the IPRSP is anchored on four basic pillars; namely, security sector
reform; economic revitalization; the rehabilitation of the infrastructure, the restoration of
social services; and the pursuit of good governance and the rule of law.
The Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Program (IPRSP) was a bridge to a full Poverty
Reduction Strategy Program (PRSP), which was launched in 2008 to be implemented over
a period of three years. This program is to be followed by a development and economic
plan designed for the socio-economic transformation of the country.
Crucial to the successful realization of these reconstructions, development and renewal
agenda is the acquisition of a good and appreciable international participation and inputs to
supplement domestic resources for sustainable peace building and socio-economic renewal.
Thus, the birth of the economic diplomacy, a key element of Liberia‟s new Foreign Policy.
LIBERIA – SWISS RELATIONS
Though Switzerland has a history of assistance to Liberia during pre-war and post-war
periods, its recent economic assistance to Liberia gathered momentum as a result of
President Johnson Sirleaf‟s visit to that country in 2006. Following her visit, the Swiss
Government, through its Agency for Development and Cooperation, expressed interest in
assisting Liberia in Rural Road Development, Education and Health. This led to the visit to
Liberia of Ambassador Walter Fust, Director General of the Swiss Agency for
Development and Cooperation to assess major Projects in Liberia for possible Swiss
funding. As an outcome of that visit, the Swiss government agreed to reconstruct the Lofa
and Nimba Referral Hospitals, and the renovation of the Kolahun Road and rehabilitating
and equipping schools in those areas among other activities.
The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation‟s West Africa Office has established
its presence in Monrovia to permit greater co-operation between our two (2) countries. The
Swiss Confederation has also been active in providing Logistics for returning Liberian
Refugees. It may also be recalled that in November 2006, the Swiss Federal Councillor
Samuel Schmidt, Head of the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports
visited Liberia to identify projects in the areas of Security, Health and Sports.
LIBERIA – U.S. RELATIONS
Relations between Liberia and the United States continue to be cordial and rewarding. The
U.S. Government‟s support to Liberia, as a country emerging from conflict, has been
crucial in revitalizing the economy, strengthen good governance and the rule of law,
rehabilitate infrastructure, enhance national security and the delivery of basic social
services in the priority areas such as roads, electricity, health, education and other pro-
growth initiatives within the framework of the country‟s Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS).
Amongst Liberia‟s oldest and reliable Partner, the United States also led the international
efforts to end the armed conflict in Liberia through its financial support for the United
Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the training of the military and security personnel
of the country. Additionally, the US has committed $400m in bilateral debt relief for
Liberia, joining other partners in their efforts to remove a tremendous burden on the
country‟s meagre resources. As a consequence, Liberia is now recovering from its recent
bitter past and entering into an era of economic and social renewal; a transition, which has
been greatly aided by the support from the United States Government, the American
Congress and the American people. As a further manifestation of U.S. commitment to
Liberia‟s reconstruction, another $80m grant, provided in the Fiscal Year 2008/09 budget of
the U.S. Government for USAID funded programs, was recently signed by the two
In order to give concrete expression to the relationships between our two countries, the
President of the United States of America, George W. Bush, paid a one-day Official Visit to
Liberia as part of his African tour on February 21 2008. He was accompanied by his wife,
Mrs. Laura Bush, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and other senior officials of the U.S.
Government. Mr. Bush has become the 3rd U.S. President to visit Liberia, after Presidents
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1943) and Jimmy Carter (1978). The Bush visit took place against
the backdrop of the most cordial and friendly relationship that has ever developed between
a Liberian leader and an American President.
The visit also afforded both the President of the United States and his Liberian Counterpart,
Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the opportunity to exchange views on matters of mutual
interests, including regional peace and security, bilateral cooperation and international
terrorism, while the visit enable President Bush to see the progress that Liberia had made
since the incumbency of H.E. Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf as President of the Republic of
Liberia. President Bush reasserted Liberia‟s position as a very strong ally of the United
States and pledged the strong support of the United States to Liberia‟s national development
agenda under its Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS).
The Government of Liberia and the United States have signed an agreement for the
resumption of the Peace Corps Volunteer Program in Liberia on August 15, 2008. This
agreement marked a significant milestone in the relationship between the two countries, and
further underscored the importance which President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf attaches to the
education and health programs in the country.
LIBERIA’S RELATIONS WITH EUROPEAN MISSONS
During the reporting period, Liberia‟s relations with European Missions near this capital
remain cordial and harmonious. Liberia continues to receive Humanitarian as well as
Economic Assistance from European partners in progress, notably, Germany, Britain,
France, Denmark, Sweden, Ireland, Switzerland, Italy, Spain including Turkey. Liberia also
received debt reductions or total debt waivers from Germany, Britain, Denmark, Spain, and
Italy as a result of President Sirleaf‟s visits to those countries. There is hope that more
European countries would follow suit in the debt relief regime, as modalities are worked
out. Liberia has also received pledges of assistance from European Partners towards the
Poverty Reduction Strategy.
With the return of peace and stability in the country, European envoys from their various
embassies in the Sub-region continue to converge on the Liberian Capital to present Letters
of Credence to the Liberian President. However, so far, only Germany and France have re-
opened their Embassies near Monrovia since the end of the Civil Conflict in 2003. Spain
and Switzerland have established consulates in Monrovia, and others continue to maintain
Honorary Consuls or Administrators. The European Union has raised the level of its
representation to Liberia while Sweden has opened up window for its development agenda.
Liberia – China Relations
Liberia-China relations have been productive, eventful, and mutually rewarding. Liberia is
particularly interested in broadening this partnership, especially in areas of general
economic cooperation, infrastructure development, agriculture, energy, education, culture,
health and security.
CHINESE ASSISTANCE TO LIBERIA
China continued to support the development needs of Liberia by providing economic
assistance to projects agreed by both sides. A number of agreements of Economic and
Technical Cooperation nature were signed and several millions RMB Yuan were
gratuitously provided towards construction projects including the new campus of the
University of Liberia at Fendell near Monrovia and the establishment of the Liberia
Broadcasting System FM radio network covering the entire country.
Presidential Appointments and Changes in the Ministry
The Deputy Minister for International Cooperation and Economic Integration, Honourable
Conmany B. Wesseh was appointed as Liberia‟s Ambassador and Permanent
Representative to the United Nations but never took up his appointment in order to contest a
Senatorial Post in Grand Kru County. During the same period, Mrs. Tennema S. Deline
was appointed Director of the Bureau of Passports and Visas, replacing Madam Mary T.
Broh who was appointed as Deputy Managing Director for Administration at the National
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf made additional appointments to the Ministry including
three Assistant Ministers, namely, Hon. Josephus M. Gray to the Bureau of Public Affairs,
Hon. Alphonso Nimene to the Bureau of International Organizations and Hon. George
Wisner to the Bureau of Afro-Asian Affairs. The Ministry also proceeded with 91
recruitments, 28 promotions, 28 staff internally redeployed, three resignations, 17
dismissals, and seven persons were retired. During the period, 22 employees underwent
training abroad, 32 persons went on annual leave, 27 employees were granted leave of
CURRENT WORK FORCE OF THE MINISTRY
As regards the standing of the full Foreign Ministry staff, there are currently four hundred-
seventy-five (475) positions allotted on the personnel listing. Out of these positions, a total
of three hundred – eighty-six (386) employees are current on the payroll and on the job. A
total of 39 positions are vacant. Out of the total number of employees on the job, 68.12% or
297 are males, while the 31.88% or 139 are females.
The achievements realized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs during the period under
review include the following: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs successfully carried out its
responsibilities of formulating and implementing the Foreign Policy of the Government of
Liberia in support of the vision President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, initiated actions to
promote beneficial intercourse between Liberia and other nations and the International
community, as well as protected the rights and interests of Liberia throughout the world.
The Ministry, with the full support and direction of the President and through the activities
of its various missions abroad made its contribution to the re-orient the previously negative
image of Liberia abroad to a positive one.
HONORARY CONSULAR CORPS
In its efforts to re-organize Liberia‟s Honorary Consular Corps around the world aimed at
directing their activities strictly towards promoting and securing the interest of Liberia, as
well as removing the negative image generated for Liberia through unscrupulous activities
of some of them, the Government of Liberia in Mid 2007 cancelled the appointments of all
of Liberia‟s Honorary Consuls General with the exception of some five who were directly
related to its Maritime activities. New criteria have since been put in place for clearance of
appointment of Honorary Consuls.
OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL
The office of the Inspector General assesses the overall effectiveness of the Missions as
regards, amongst others, transfers and remittances from Central Administration; application
and utilization of funds and status of Government‟s assets. Following more than fifteen
years of inactivity, the Office of the Inspector General of the Foreign Service was re-
launched with support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). As such,
Hon. Francis Johnson together with technical assistance of UNDP consultants undertook
missions to several Liberian Diplomatic and Consular Missions namely, New York,
Washington, D.C.., Paris, Brussels, Berlin, Rome, Nairobi, China and Japan as well as
Addis Ababa. The Consulate in N‟Zerekore and the Embassy in Guinea were also covered.
HIGHLIGHTS OF RESULTS OF THE ASSESSMENTS
1. The introduction of accountability in the system of consular fees and funds remitted
to each Diplomatic Mission.
2. In Nairobi, Kenya, GoL real estate property was identified; assessed by professional
valuators and a law firm retained for repossessing Government‟s property in that
country, with the assistance of Government of Kenya.
3. In Brussels, Belgium and Paris, France, lawyers have been retained to help the
government regain its properties that were illegally disposed of.
4. Where cases of fraud were uncovered, among the results of the Inspections in the
Japan, Nigeria and N‟Zerekore, they have been turned over to the Anti Corruption
Commission and the Ministry of Justice for appropriate action.
5. In addition, new financial manuals for reporting were prepared for the missions and
the Home Office effective March 2009, while new regulations governing consular
fees have also been put into effect.
SIGNATURES AND RATIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTS
The Government of Liberia attended and participated in many conferences and meetings,
resulting in the signing and Ratification of Protocols, Agreements and/or other Legal
Instruments. (Universal Postal Union Protocol, General Regulation, Convention,
Declarations, Constitutions, Rules of Procedure of Congresses, Postal Payment Services
Agreement, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Additional Protocols to the Constitution of
the Universal Postal Union, Parcel Post Regulations Final Protocol, and decisions other
than those amending the Acts).
SUMMIT OF MRU HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
The Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Mano River Union (MRU) Countries
namely Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone was held in Monrovia on 15 May 2008. The
sisterly Republic of Cote d‟ Ivoire, having been attending meetings of the Union as
Observer since 2004, attended the Summit and acceded to the Union. The Summit was
attended by H.E. Ernest Bai Koroma, President of the Republic of Sierra Leone; H.E.
Lansana Kouyate, Prime Minister of the Republic of Guinea; H.E Laurent Dona Fologo,
Chair of the Economic and Social Council of the Republic of Cote d‟Ivoire; H.E Laurent
Gbagbo; and H.E Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of the Republic of Liberia who
served as Chair and host of the summit. A subsequent mini Summit was held in December
2008 in Freetown, Sierra Leone.
OPERATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE MINISTRY
Chapter 20 of the New Executive Law, which created the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
authorizes it as the principle institution of the Government solely responsible for the
formation and implementation of the foreign policy of the Government of Liberia under the
direction and guidance of the President of Liberia. In this connection, the Ministry initiates
actions to promote beneficial intercourse between Liberia and other nations of the
international Community, protects the rights and interests of Liberia throughout the World
and oversees the conduct of the Liberian Foreign Service Officers. To accomplish its tasks,
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs operates through two basic machineries, namely the Home
or Central Office and the Foreign Service.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, commonly referred to as the Home Office is the
Administrative arm which oversees the functions of its Foreign Missions abroad and
interacts with foreign Embassies Accredited near Monrovia. In the administrative
hierarchy of the Ministry, the Minister, the Honourable Mrs. Olubanke King-Akerele, is the
head supported by two principal deputies. The Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hon.
William V.S. Bull, who acts in her stead when she is out of the Country and the Deputy
Minister for Administration, Hon. Johnson Gwaikolo, who is responsible for the
administrative management of the Home Office and the logistical support to the Missions
abroad. Other high level officials of the Ministry include: the Deputy Minister for Legal
Affairs, Hon. (Counsellor) Krubo Kollie and the Deputy Minister for International
Cooperation and Economic Integration, Hon. Commeny Wesseh who are assisted by
Assistant Ministers and Directors of Bureaux. In all, there are 21 Offices and Bureaux
within the Ministry including the Office of the Minister and her Deputies.
An assessment of the Finance and Administration of the Ministry by consultants funded by
UNDP was undertaken in early 2008. This led to the discovery of fraudulent acts. These in
turn were reported to the Ministry of Justice and national Security Agency leading to
dismissals of the comptroller and accountant and recall of other officers. The Liberian
Foreign Service serves as the conduit of Liberia‟s Foreign Policy and diplomatic relations
with members of the International Community. It comprises resident missions with multi-
accreditation functions to other Countries and International Organizations under the direct
operational supervision of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The inadequacy of the budgetary appropriation for the Ministry due to the limitations of the
National Budget remains one of the two most serious constraints, the other being the need
to enhance the human resource base of the Ministry. For the FY/2007/2008, the National
Budget Committee approved only $6m for the operations of both the Home Office and its
diplomatic missions abroad. This amount was distributed with approximately 76% for
Overseas Mission and 24% for the Home Office. This period is grossly insufficient for the
requirements of the Ministry. The Printing Department of the Ministry, which is responsible
to print all communications from the Foreign Ministry, especially Acts of Legislatures,
Hand Bills, Executive Orders, Resolutions, Letters of Credence, Letters of Recall of
Ambassadors or Foreign Service Officers have to be sent to local printers at exorbitant
costs to the Ministry due to the lack of appropriate equipment and supplies.
The Diplomatic Pouch System, which is the safest and most secured way of transmitting
bulk mails or documents between Diplomatic and Consular Posts abroad and the Home
Office, has not yet been reactivated. As a result, very important mail intended for the Home
Office from our Embassies or vice versa do not get to the intended destinations on time and
sometimes these sensitive mails are tampered with. The structural pillars of the Ministry in
matters of Foreign Affairs comprise the following Bureaux and Departments:
BUREAU OF AFRO ASIAN AFFAIRS
The Bureau of Afro-Asian Affairs is charged with the responsibilities of monitoring and
analyzing the political and economic developments in the regions of Africa, Asia, the
Middle East and the Pacific as they relate to and affect Liberia, the sub-region and
international organizations, and advises the Foreign Minister on these developments. It is
headed by Assistant Minister, Hon. George G. Wisner, II and assisted by 17 members of
BUREAU OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS
This Bureau‟s main task is to coordinate all aspects of Liberia-European relations within
the Foreign Ministry and European Diplomatic Missions accredited near Monrovia, as well
as between countries in Europe with which Liberia has Diplomatic, Commercial,
Economic, and Cultural ties. The Assistant Minister, Hon. Simeon B. Cole, Jr. who heads
the Bureau also has the responsibility to brief the Minister of Foreign Affairs periodically
on developments relating to countries within Europe. In August 2008, the Government of
the Federal Republic of Germany hosted an Infrastructural Forum on Liberia of which an
Infrastructural Fund was launched and Liberia‟s PRS.
LIBERIAN MISSIONS IN EUROPE
Liberia continues to maintain Embassies in Germany, United Kingdom, France, Belgium
and Italy with multiple accreditations. Worthy of note is the move of the Liberian
Embassy from Bonn to Berlin (Germany) since the appointment of Ambassador Sedia
Bangura to Germany.
BUREAU OF AMERICAN AFFAIRS
The Bureau of American Affairs, is headed by Ambassador Marcus M. Kofa as Assistant
Minister. The Bureau is charged with the responsibility of implementing Government‟s
foreign policy as it relates to the geographical regions of North, Central and South America
as well as the Caribbean. The Assistant Minister is assisted by a staff of nine.
Other Visits from the United States to Liberia
In addition to the earlier described visit of President Bush, during the year under review,
other U.S. Congressional bi-partisan delegations visited Liberia from 29 June to 8 July
2008. The first of such delegations, which was headed by Honorable David Price (D-North
Carolina) and comprised of nine members of the Congressional Democracy Assistance
Commission of the U.S House of Representatives, conducted a training program in capacity
building for members and staff of the Liberian Legislature in collaboration with the U.S.
National Democratic Institute (NDI).
The second U.S. delegation was led by Honorable Howard Berman (D-California),
Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, and reassured H.E. Mrs. Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf, that the United States will fulfil its commitment to Liberia‟s recovery and
development program. The delegation and the President met in an atmosphere of cordiality
and reviewed a wide-range of issues of common interests, including security in the country
and the need to strengthen the National Police Force in order to provide a secured
environment for investment.
Specifically, the Liberian leader briefed the delegation on the ongoing efforts deployed by
the Government towards its national development agenda, including the outcome of the
Forum on Liberia‟s Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) held in Berlin, Germany, in August
2008, and called for the unwavering support of the United States. During the stay of the
U.S. lawmakers in the country, they toured the offices and facilities of the Liberian
Electricity Corporation (LTC). They also met with the Minister of Lands, Mines and
Energy and held discussion on the future of power supply in Liberia.
The Second Meeting of the Liberia-Cuba Joint Commission for Economic, Scientific and
Technical Cooperation took place in Monrovia from 9-10 April 2008, as agreed by the two
parties. At the opening ceremony, the Heads of the Liberian and Cuban delegations
emphasized the bond of friendship and cooperation existing between the two countries and
expressed the desire to strengthen these relations for the benefit of the peoples of the two
countries. The delegations of both countries were led by the Foreign Minister Hon. Mrs.
Olubanke King-Akerele and First Deputy Minister of Foreign Investment and Economic
Cooperation, Mr/ Ramon Ripoli Diaz, respectively.
The two delegations identified and discussed critical areas of cooperation relating especially
to Liberia‟s development agenda for which the Cuban side agreed to provide assistance in
the following areas:
In the area of health, the Cuban government agreed to provide fifty Doctors.
In the area of Human Resource capacity building, Cuba agreed to train teachers for
the Liberian Educational System and announced the provision of scholarships in the
following areas: six (6) for sports, three (3) for Health Technology, and one (1)
each for Geography, Mathematics, Civil Engineering and Agronomy, etc.
Cuba also agreed to assist in other areas in which the National Archives was included for
rehabilitation. The Third Session of the Joint Commission of the two countries is expected
to take place in Havana, Cuba in 2009.
In order to support and strengthen the Bureau of American Affairs to cope with its mandate,
the following recommendations were submitted for the Ministry‟s favourable consideration:
That Government should take urgent steps to diplomatic presence in South America
preferably in Brazil or Venezuela in the near future.
As a country emerging from conflict, Government should engage the countries of the
Latin American region in fostering trade and cooperation.
Need for capacitate the Bureau with staff and equipment.
THE DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND ECONOMIC
The Department of International Cooperation and Economic Integration is responsible to
coordinate the affairs of the Bureau of International Cooperation and the Bureau of
International Organizations. The two bureaux are supervised respectively by Assistant
Ministers who report directly to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs for International
Cooperation and Economic Integration. The Bureau of International Cooperation and
Economic Affairs is headed by Hon. B. Elias Shoniyin while the Bureau of International
Organizations is headed by Hon. J. Alphonso Socrates Nimene. At this reporting period the
post of Deputy Minister who supervises and monitors the work of the two Assistant
Ministers is vacant following the appointment of the incumbent, Hon. Commeny Wesseh
as Ambassador to the United Nations in New York. The Office of the Deputy Minister for
International Cooperation and Economic Integration is responsible to coordinate all matters
of Cooperation between Liberia and friendly governments, international organizations
regional institutions and organizes bilateral and multilateral conferences.
During the period under review, the staff of the Department attended various meetings,
Conferences, Workshops and seminars on behalf of the Ministry in and out of Liberia. They
were also responsible, with the Bureau of Legal Affairs for finalization of several bilateral
COOPERATION WITH JAPAN
At the invitation of the Japanese Foreign Ministry, Deputy Minister Wesseh travelled to
Japan in preparation for President Johnson Sirleaf‟s participation in TICAD IV 2008 which
took place in Yokohama, Japan in May 2008 to discuss Japan‟s role in the development of
Africa. On the fringes of the Conference, the Liberian Leader and the Japanese Prime
Minister held bilateral talks culminating in the approval of Ɏ 780 million about $7.1m in
Food Aid (rice) for Liberia. During the period under review, the Government of Japan
through its International Cooperation Agency (JICA) established a temporary Office in
Monrovia to coordinate its development assistance to Liberia.
During the period under review, the Government of Japan agreed to assist Liberia in a
number of areas including the following:
Provide assistance for the JFK Memorial Medical Center to consist of experts for the
Maintenance of Medical Equipment for the Liberian-Japanese Friendship Maternity
Aid in Grant to be made available for the Rehabilitation of the Liberian-Japanese
Friendship Maternity Hospital.
Provide Grant Aid for the Urgent Rehabilitation of Roads in Central Monrovia and
develop a Master Plan for Urban Facilities, Restoration and Improvement.
During the year 2008, Japan offered 22 short-term training courses to Liberia in the
following areas: health, education, road management, agriculture, governance and
LIBYAN- LIBERIAN COOPERATION:-
On September 8, 2008, the Government of Liberia received a consignment of eight (8)
tractors and operators/trainers from the Great Socialist People‟s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Republic. They were received on arrival at the Roberts International Airport by officials of
the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Agriculture on behalf of the Government of Liberia.
The donation is the result of bilateral discussions between the leaders of both countries on
various occasions including the visit by Her Excellency Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to Libya
in August 2008. A more detailed presentation is contained from pages 65-68 of this report.
MEETING AND CONFERENCES ATTENDED:
Liberia participated in the 12th Session of the Intergovernmental Follow-up and
Coordination Committee on Economic Cooperation with the Group of 77 plus China which
was held in Yamoussoukro, Cote d‟Ivoire from 10th -13th June 2008. The Liberian
delegation by Ambassador Vivian T. Wreh, the Liberian Ambassador to la Cote d‟Ivoire.
The conference was aimed at reviewing the progress made towards the implementation of
the Doha Plan of Action in the area of South and South Cooperation adopted in June 2005.
Mano River Union (MRU)
The Mano River Union which is an international association established between Liberia
and Sierra Leone in 1973 was organized to foster economic cooperation among Member
States. Guinea joined the Union in 1980 during the Administration of the late Sekou Toure,
President of the Republic of Guinea. This Union, whose current chair is President Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf, and Mr. Aliou Diallo of Guinea as Secretary General, has brought the two
nations closer together once again after a period replete with conflicts and distrust. In May
2008, Cote D‟Ivoire joined the Union subsequently in December a special MRU Summit
was held in Freetown, Sierra Leone.
MANO RIVER UNION ACTIVITIES IN 2008
The Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Mano River Union (MRU) countries:
Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone was held in Monrovia on the 15 of May 2008. The
Republic of Cote d‟ Ivoire which had attended MRU meetings as an Observer since 2004,
acceded to the Union at this Summit. During the Summit the Leaders expressed delight over
the progressive return of peace, security and stability in the MRU basin and agreed to direct
their efforts towards promoting socio-economic development and integration in the Region.
The Summit approved the implementation and the development of the several programs :
The Mano River Union secretariat under its new Secretary General has mapped out a new
path for the future of the Union.
Paramount among the aims of the Organization is the Financing of its activities which
according to the Secretary General is at the moment comes from contributions by Member
States. Proper Staffing is another aim of the new Administration among other operational
issues. During the period in review, a change in the leadership of the Mano River Union
took place. The former Secretary General, Mr. Aliou M. Diallo, a Guinean national, was
replaced with Mr. Abraham Boure, another Guinean.
The Makona River Basin
The Makona River through the Republics of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone respectively
and its surrounding is inhabited by the Kissi ethnic people of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra
Leone. The Kissi people of the three nations know no territorial boundaries because,
irrespective of their nationalities, they feel that they are one people and inseparable.
This ethnic group has drawn the interests of Liberia and Sierra Leone over the territorial
dispute currently existing between guinea and Sierra Leone by virtue of the occupation of
the Town of Yenga across the river in sierra Leone whose government claims that Guinea
has refused to vacate the Town that Guinea used it as its headquarters when Guinean
soldiers went to assist the Sierra Leone Government to dust out the Rebels of RUF while
guinea contends that the Town of Yenga falls within its territory as a result of the French
and British Colonial Division of Guinea and sierra Leone in 1912. Negotiations are taking
place quietly behind the scenes among the three countries bordering the River with the view
of resolving the problem.
Among the outcomes of the September meeting were decisions regarding security related
Establish Joint Border Security and Confidence-building Units (JBSCBU) in all four
MRU Member States as a matter of urgency. In this regard cooperation should be
enhanced at the borders of Member States in the area of Defense, Immigration,
Intelligence, Custom and other National Security related issues;
Ensure that the Joint Technical Committee of the MRU meets late January 2009 to
discuss and review security related matters as they affect individual member states
and the collective membership of the Union. Further to this, a review will be made of
the Joint Security Committee to consider prospects for any relevant changes that
maybe required in view of present realities;
Ensure that the Joint Security Committee of the MRU meet late March 2009 to
receive the results of the Joint Technical Committee Meetings;
Heads of agencies of all sister states should endeavour to share intelligence, analyze,
investigate and review cases emanating from the borders of the various States‟
borders, including other national security threats;
Create a security unit within the MRU Secretariat to which each Member State
would attach an officer to the Secretariat Headquarters;
Strengthen military-to-military and Para military cooperation within the sub-region
including training, programs of mutual benefits;
Include the Ministers of Agriculture of Member States in the Joint Security
Committee as an indication of the importance of food security being a national
security issue that must be taken into account;
Encourage the renaming of the Makona River Union in order to avoid confusion
with the Mano River Union. This was subsequently renamed Makona river
Positive experiences from the Guinea/Sierra Leone, Liberia/Sierra Leone,
Liberia/Cote d‟Ivoire will be used collaboratively in the security meetings.
However, due to the coup in December 2008, and the expulsion of Guinea from both
ECOWAS and AU, the follow-up actions in all the above had to be put on hold.
BUREAU OF LEGAL AFFIARS
The Bureau of Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, during the period under
review, continued to function and operate as the Legal Arm of the Ministry. It worked in
close consultation with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, as well as the Senior and General
staff in providing legal advice on matters relating to National and International Laws and
the implementation of the Foreign Policy of the Republic of Liberia. The Bureau is also
clothed with the authority to draft, negotiate, prepare and submit Legal Instruments for
ratification to the National legislature through the Office of the President.
In addition to its legal functions, the Bureau of Legal Affairs also registers/ or files
Articles of Incorporation (Corporate documents) both for profit and non-for-profit entities,
authenticating/legalizing of public documents, dispute settlements involving Foreign
Diplomatic Missions accredited to Liberia and Liberian citizens, residents or Liberian
Corporate entities. The Bureau also coordinates and supervises the activities of the bureau
of Archives, Passports and Visas and the department of Publications, in keeping with the
organizational structure of the Ministry. In addition to it , the bureau is responsible for the
drafting of Joint Communiqués and Agreements during visits paid by Presidents and other
dignitaries to Liberia or visits of the President of Liberia and or Liberian dignitaries paid to
other Foreign Countries.
The Bureau of Legal Affairs, performed its duties under the leadership of Cllr. Krubo B.
Kollie. She is assisted by three Legal Counsels and eleven (11) support and clerical staff.
The Bureau of Legal Affairs reported that during the period under review, the number of
domestic and foreign corporations that filed with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs generated
a total amount of Forty-three thousand, five hundred and ninety dollars ($43,590) paid
directly to the Ministry of Finance revenue section.
CONVENTIONS, TREATIES AND AGREEMENTS
During the period under review, the Government of Liberia, attended and participated in
many Conferences and Meetings which resulted in the Signing and Ratifications of
Protocols, Agreements and/or other Legal Instruments. The Bureau of Legal Affairs
through the Minister‟s Office submitted to the President of the Republic of Liberia for
possible submission to the National Legislature for its advice and consent prior to the
ratification of the following:
Multilateral Conventions on Protocols And Amendments Submitted For Ratification
The Universal Postal Union Protocol, General Regulation, Conventions, Declaration of the
Constitution, Rules of Procedure of Congresses, Postal Payment Services Agreement,
Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth. They also include the Protocols to the Constitution of
the Universal Postal Union, Parcel Post Regulations Final Protocol, and decisions other
than those amending the Acts.
Other Conventions include the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971 and the
African Union Commission Treaty Convention for the Establishment of the African
Center for Fertilizer Development, and the OAU Convention on the Prevention and
Combating of Terrorisms.
Int’l Instrument Ratified by the Liberian Government
The Government of Liberia, successfully ratified the following instruments: the African
Charter on Human and People‟s Rights; the Rights of Women in Africa, the African
Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the Basic Documents of the Parliament
which Contain (1) Constitutive Act of the African Union; (2) Protocol on Amendments to
the Constitutive Act of the African Union; (3) Protocol on the Treaty Establishing the
African Economic Community Relating to the Pan-African Parliament, and (4) Rules of
Procedure of the Pan-African Parliament.
Other international instruments ratified by the Government were the United Nations
Conventions Against Corruption; African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating
corruption; The W. H. O. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; The United Nations
Convention on Law of the Sea of 1987; The MLC Maritime Labour Convention 2006.
The International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels; The International
Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast water and sediments, Water
and Sediments, 2004. Articles 1-22; The Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-
Operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious substances, 2000, and The
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001.
Agreements Concluded Between The Republic Of Liberia And Other Countries
1. Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the
Government of the Republic of Liberia on the Consolidation of Debt of the Republic
of Liberia to the Kingdom of Denmark.
2. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the Government
of the United States of America Concerning the Program of the Peace Corps in the
Republic of Liberia.
3. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the Government
of the Republic of Benin on Economic, Commercial, Scientific, Technical,
Educational and cultural Cooperation;
4. Agreement on the Establishment of a Joint Commission of Cooperation between the
Government of the Republic of Liberia and the Government of the Republic of
5. Framework Agreement on Economic, Technical, Scientific, Cultural and Tourism
Corporation between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the
Government of the Republic of Namibia.
6. Agreement on economic, Scientific, Technical, and Culture Corporation between
the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the Government of the Republic of
7. Protocol of the (2) Section of the Inter Governmental Commission for the Scientific-
Technical and Economic Corporation between the Government of the Republic of
Cuba and the Government of the Republic of Liberia, and,
8. Agreement on the re-establishment of the American International School of
Monrovia between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and the Government
of the United States of America.
Multilateral Conventions And Protocols For Ratification
The multilateral conventions and protocols for ratification include the Protocol of 1996
Amending the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976; IMO
International Convention on Salvage, 1989; International Convention on the Control of
Harmful Anti-Fouling System on Ships, and the 2001 Bamako Convention on the Ban on
the Import into Africa and the Control of Trans-boundary Movement and Management of
Hazardous Wastes within Africa.
All the above mentioned are expected to be ratified in the coming year.
Amongst the treaties ratified by the Government of Liberia during the period under review,
is the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free zone Treaty (The Treaty of Pelindaba) Egypt.
During the period under review, the Government ratified several protocols, these included
the Protocol of the Court of Justice of the African Union, Protocol on the African Charter
on Human and People‟s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, Protocol Relating to the
Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union and the Protocol to
the Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community Relating to the Pan- African
Parliament, Site, and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People‟s Rights
on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and People‟s Rights.
SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
The Bureau of Legal Affairs as part of its function is charged with the responsibility to
handle cases or complains concerning labour disputes between International Organizations,
Diplomatic Missions accredited to Liberia and Liberian Citizens, Residents or Corporate
entities. In this light, during the reporting period the Bureau received and reviewed cases
involving alleged wrongful dismissals.
BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS
I. International Seminars/Conferences
This Bureau, through its head, Hon. B. Elias Shoniyin, Assistant Minister of the
Bureau of International Cooperation and Economic Affairs, participated in several
seminars/conferences during the period under review.
a). Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) Ministerial
Preparatory Meeting in Libreville, Gabon 20-21 March, 2008
b). African Conference on Cluster Munitions held in Livingstone, Zambia, March 31-
April 1, 2008.
c). African Regional Conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions; (The Way
forward”) September 29th -30th 2008, Kampala, Uganda
d. The 63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly held in New York 17th
November to 21st, 2008.
e). African and the European Union Executive Training Program for Diplomats and
Officials December 1-19, 2008, Austria.
f). Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Band Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Vienna, Austria
II. Seminars/Workshops Participation.
a). The African Peace Building Coordination Programme Workshop held 8-10 October
2008 at the Mamba Point Hotel, Monrovia.
b). The Rotterdam Convention held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, November 6-8,
Presently, the Bureau‟s capacity is put at ten (10) which include the Assistant
Minister, Honorable B. Elias Shoniyin, three Desk Officers, two Research Analysts,
one Research Assistant, one volunteer acting Secretary, and. one File Clerk. Taking
into consideration the volume of work within the Bureau, the need to employ a
competent Secretary on a full time basis is necessary and urgent, to enhance the
productivity of the Bureau.
During the reporting period, Ms. Tody T. Wallace, who was serving as Secretary
traveled to Ethiopia for studies and Ms. Alice Browne, Senior Desk Officer, was
retired after serving the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for twenty-five years; moreover,
Mr. Amjad Nyei, a File Clerk traveled to China for studies on a Government
Scholarship. Mr. Vamumya Nyei Abdulai was transferred to the Bureau from the
office of the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Johnnie F. Fallah was also
transferred from the Bureau of Protocol.
BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
The Bureau of International Organizations Affairs is an important component of the
Department of International Cooperation and Economic Integration, which serves as chief
liaison between the Government of the Republic of Liberia and International Organizations.
Additionally, the Bureau handles and coordinates all activities relating to foreign and local
conferences, maintains all schedules of the approved lists of meetings/conferences at which
Government is to be represented and advises functionaries of Government in order to
ensure timely preparation and effective participation in such conferences.
Since the dismissal of Honorable J. Ambrose Gbormie as Assistant Minister, witnessed the
appointment of Mr. Jloati Alphonso Socrates Nimene as its new Head. As a means of
strengthening the Human Resource Capacity of the Bureau, three employment were
effected with the assignment of Mr. Arthur Robinson, Ms. Cynthia Musa and Edison
Yarkpawolo as Research Analyst, Research Assistant and Office Assistant respectively.
The Bureau also witnessed the transfer of Mr. Jimmy White from Bureau of Publication as
Research Assistant. At present, the personnel strength of the Bureau is put at ten (10).
The Bureau of International Organizations Affairs has an enormous task to perform in the
promotion of Government‟s Foreign Policy. This reporting period witnessed a complete
downward trend due to the numerous problems the Bureau has experienced.
During this reporting period, the Government of Liberia received requests from seventy
nine (79) friendly Governments for support to candidatures to various posts in the United
Nations System as well as other International Organizations. The Bureau honourably
discharged its duties by adequately responding to the below requests in accordance with
government‟s position. The attaché statistics show the various positions. In the future,
efforts are underway to submit Liberian candidatures for international posts.
THE GABRIEL L. DENNIS FOREIGN SERVICE INSTITUION
The Gabriel L. Dennis Foreign Service Institute was established in 1951 by an Act of the
National Legislature of Liberia; as the only national and professional diplomatic training
facility and research unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since its establishment, the
Institute has made significant contributions in line with its mandate. This is reflected and
demonstrated in its Academic and Professional Training Programs as well as in the
excellent performance of its graduates.
The programs of the Institute are geared at providing the appropriate intellectual orientation
for Liberia‟s Foreign Service Officers and Diplomats as well as strengthening their
intellectual capacity to gain a penetrating insight and understanding of contemporary
International development, including the socio-economic and political reality of Liberia,
Africa and the World at large.
However, since the demise of the Former Director-General on July 2, 2007, no
appointment has been made of a Director-General or Acting Director-General, thereby
leaving the Institute without a substantive Head. Rather, a committee under the supervisor
of the Deputy Minister for foreign Affairs, Amb. William V. S. Bull and Amb. At-large
Carlton Karpeh supervise the FSI. In this light, Mr. Varney Carmon serves as its
Mr. Philip F. Johnson, the Senior Principal Research Analyst of the Institute benefited from
two training programs consisting of Foreign Diplomatic Policy in Malaysia and an African
Diplomat Training Course at the German Diplomatic Institute in Germany. A specialized
Training Workshop in Protocol and Etiquette was organized jointly by the Gabriel L.
Dennis Foreign Service Institute, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of
Egypt and the Liberian Institute of Protocol and Etiquette in Monrovia, Liberia. The
Workshop lasted for five days and forty five participants were awarded certificates of
Participation on November 1, 2008.
A second workshop in Development Diplomacy and Civilian Peace Keeping took place in
November for middle level diplomats and government officials at the Institute in Monrovia
in collaboration with Kings‟ College, London. Yet another training of 25 officers was sent
to Egypt in late 2008 with technical assistance of the Egyptian Technical Fund of that
country‟s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and UNDP.
The Institute‟s Library, computer and Language Laboratory and modern teaching tools such
as Laptop and Projectors for Power Point Presentations are in need of improvement or up-
grading in order to dispense the appropriate training for Liberia‟s future diplomats.
Technical assistance is being sought from Partners. Meanwhile, a reassessment of the
Institute programme was underway in 2008 during which period the nine months Basic
Certificate was put in hold.
BUREAU OF PROTOCOL
During the period under review, the Protocol Bureau maintained close and harmonious
relations with all Diplomatic and Consular Missions, Resident and Non-Resident in
Monrovia as well as with the International Organizations. The Bureau is headed by
Ambassador Edward L. Dunn, Jr. who is also the Chief of Protocol, Republic of Liberia,
while Mrs. Ethel Holt-Toles is Acting Senior Deputy Chief of Protocol, Republic of
Liberia. Ambassador Emmett Kennedy is the chief of Protocol of the Executive Mansion.
During this period, Mr. Spencer M. Dunn, a graduate of the Foreign Service Institute was
employed into the Bureau as Deputy Chief of Protocol and Ms. Antoinette M. Wolo as
Protocol Officer. Mr. Rancy S. V. Torkpa, Deputy Chief of Protocol and Protocol Officer to
the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Mr. Momo S. Nyandibo, Protocol Officer were sent for
Diplomatic Training from April 14 to July 14, 2008, at the China Foreign Affairs
University in Beijing, People‟s Republic of China.
DEPARTURE OF FOREIGN AMBASSADORS
During the year under review, the following Ambassadors accredited near Monrovia ended
their tour of duty in Liberia.
1. His Excellency Donald E. Booth - Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary
of the United States of America – July 11, 2008
2. His Excellency Eineje E. Onobu - Ambassador Extraordinary &
Plenipotentiary of the Federal Republic of Nigeria – August 8, 2007
3. His Excellency Alan Doss - Special Representative of the Secretary General of
the United Nations and Coordinator of United Nations operation in Liberia
December 17, 2007
3. His Excellency Mohamed Omar Talbi - Secretary of the Great Socialist
People‟s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya December 31, 2007
4. His Excellency Patrick James Foyah - Ambassador Extraordinary &
Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Sierra Leone – April 11, 2008
As a gesture of appreciation for the services rendered by the departing ambassadors‟
resident in Monrovia, the Minister of Foreign Affairs tendered farewell receptions in their
honour, while the President conferred upon them the distinction of Knight Great Band in
the Humane Order of African Redemption.
PRESIDENTIAL VISITS ABROAD
The President of the Republic of Liberia, Her Excellency Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf during
the year under review, made several official travels abroad, in the interest of the Country.
On January 18, 2009, the Liberian President made an official visit to Ouagadougou,
Burkina Faso to attend the ECOWAS Summit, while On February 1, 2008, she paid an
official business visit to Dakar, Senegal. On April 1, 2008, the President again made
another official business visit to neighbouring Cote D‟Ivoire. The President on April 8,
2008, attended the Women Health Conference in London, England and on April 15, 2008,
paid an official visit to Denmark to attend the Economic empowerment of Women
Conference, while on April 19, 2008, the Chief Executive visited the United States of
America for an Official Business trip.
Besides, President Johnson Sirleaf on May 12, 2008, paid an official visit to Niger at attend
an International Women Conference, while on May 23, 2008, she headed a high powered
Liberian Government delegation to an International Conference on Africa Development in
Tokyo, Japan, and on June 1, 2008, made an official visit to the United States of America to
attend a Commencement Ceremony. Also on June 17, 2008, the Liberian President paid an
official visit to Cotonou, Benin to participate in the CEN-SAD Conference and on June 23,
2008, she headed a high powered government delegation to Abuja, Nigeria to attend
ECOWAS Summit and on June 24-27, 2008, Madam Johnson Sirleaf again headed a high
powered Liberian Government delegation to the Partnership Forum held in Berlin,
Germany, where the Government‟s Poverty Reduction Strategy was presented.
During the year under review, President Johnson Sirleaf on June 30, 2008, made an official
visit to Cairo, Egypt to attend the African Union Summit, while from 2-8 July, 2008, the
she paid a personal visit to Hawaii, USA, and between July 10-13, 2008, Madam Johnson
Sirleaf made an official visit to South Africa to attend the former President Nelson Mandela
Annual Lecture. On August 18, 2008, the President paid an official visit to Conakry,
Guinea to attend that sisterly Republic Independence Anniversary, while on August 21,
2008, she made an official visit to Tripoli, Libya for an official business.
Also on September 4, 2008, President Sirleaf paid an official business visit to Accra,
Ghana, while in September 2008, President Johnson Sirleaf headed a high powered
Liberian Government delegation to the United Nations General Assembly. From November
1-8, 2008, President Johnson Sirleaf made another official visit to Berlin, Germany to
attend the German African Forum, while the President attended the Mano River Union
Summit hosted by Freetown, Sierra Leone from November 11-12, 2008. The President also
made several officials visits abroad.
VIP VISITS TO LIBERIA
During this same period, several foreign dignitaries visited Liberia to participate in
important programmes and to consult with the Liberian leader. They were as follows:
1. January 13-15, 2008: Preparatory Delegation for the hosting of the Colloquium
on Women‟s Empowerment, Leadership Development International Peace and
Security in March 2009.
2. On February 21, 2008: the President of the United States of America, His
Excellency Mr. George W. Bush and Mrs. Bush paid a one day state visit to the
Republic of Liberia.
3. From March 3-5, 2008: the Advisory Board for Irish Aid, headed by the former
Foreign Minister of Ireland, Mr. David Andrews, accompanied by three other
board members (Fr. Gerry O‟Connor, Mr. Larry O‟Loughlin and Mr. Eamonn
Mechan ), visited Liberia to prepare a formal opinion for the Irish Government on
Liberia‟s development needs.
4. April 19-23, 2008: the Africa China Development Fund Delegation.
5. April 21-22, 2008: a two-day visit of a senior level delegation headed by the
United Nations Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki Moon.
6. May 1, 2008: Mr. Edward Neville Isdell, Chairman of Coca-cola Worldwide and
Liberia‟s Mr. Alex Cummings, President and Chief Operating Officer, and Senior
Executives of the Company. The delegation also visited the Office of the
Honourable Joseph Boakai, Vice President of the Republic of Liberia.
7. May 5-11, 2008: five men delegation from the Republic of South Africa, headed
by Ambassador GD Gwadiso of the Department of Foreign Affairs in preparation
for the opening of an Embassy in Liberia.
8. May 27-29, 2008: Ms. Kyung-Wha Kang, United Nations Deputy High
Commissioner for Human Rights.
9. From June 22-25, 2008: Mr. Neil Bush and Chinese Delegation.
10. On July 7, 2008: Congressional Delegation (CODEL) from the United States of
America headed by Congressman Howard Berman.
Also during the period under review, the Office of the Chief of protocol, R.L. assisted in
facilitating the issuance of the following to the diplomatic Corps and International
Organizations accredited near this Monrovia:
Multiple Entry Visas – 182
Diplomatic License Plates – 14
United Nations License plates – 28
Diplomatic Identification Cards – 64
Duty Free and Tax Exempt – 510
Aircraft and Naval Clearances - 45
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Pursuant to Section 20.7 of Chapter 20 of the New Executive Law establishing the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, the duties of the Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs is to assist both
the Minister and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in providing administrative
services for the Ministry.
Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs, Honourable Robert Y. Lormia was member of the
Liberian delegation that attended the following Summits and Meetings:
a) 34th Summit of the Authority of ECOWAS Heads of State and
Government, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, January , 2008
b) 35th Summit of the Authority of ECOWAS Heads of State and
Government, Abuja, Nigeria, December , 2008
c) 23rd Meeting of Mediation and Security Council of ECOWAS,
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, January, 2008
d) Ministerial Conference of CEN-SAD on the Great Green Wall and Small
Dams, Saly-Portudal, Senegal, February 12-13, 2008
e) 25th Meeting of the Mediation and Security Council of ECOWAS,
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, December, 2008
f) Workshop on Negotiation and Mediation Skills for Delegates of Member
States of ECOWAS, Accra, Ghana, March, 2008
BUREAU OF PERSONNEL
The Division of Personnel is central to the Administration of the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs. The Division implements, regulates and enforces the Ministry‟s administrative
policy with respect to the work force by ensuring personnel welfare, guidance, punctuality,
tidiness and discipline. The Division liaises between employees and their respective
supervisors to enhance productivity and efficiency.
The functions and responsibilities of the Division of Personnel also include the evaluation
and recruitment of qualified personnel and the processing of employment documents
through the relevant agencies. It coordinates the Ministry‟s activities with respect to staff
development with the Institute of Public Administration and the Civil Service Agency. It
ensures training of manpower and develops the skills of employees to render the Ministry
clerical and professional services. The Division of Personnel is formally called the Division
of Human Resource Management/ Central Administration
The Division of Personnel is headed by the Principal Director of Personnel, Mr. James S.
Kangba Sr. and assisted by a staff of fourteen (14). In an effort to accomplish these
important tasks as mentioned above, the Division closely works in consultation with the
Assistant Minister for Administration under the direct supervision of the Deputy Minister
Employment records and files of employees were updated. During the process, employees
were sent to the Civil Service Agency to qualify themselves for the current positions they
occupy. Prepared project proposal for the creation of an Electronic Database Management
System for the management of personnel employment records both at the Home Office and
the Missions abroad to be operated by the Division of Personnel / Central Administration,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs in conformity with the approved salary scale formulated by the
Civil Service Agency and the Annual Budget committee for all civil servants in the country.
TRAINING & HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
In an effort to effectively and efficiently carry out the mandates and functions of the
Ministry, five (5) employees were awarded Foreign Scholarships to study in the People‟s
Republic of China for two to four years. Those concerned are:
Name Area of Assignment
1. Mr. Moibah K. Johnson Desk Officer Afro Asian Affairs
2. Mr. Isreal Davis Deputy Director Passport & Visas
3. Mr. Jimmy G. Barchue Research Analyst Afro Asian Affairs
4. Ms. Bendu Sando File Clerk Financial Affairs
5. Mr. Amjad M. Nyei File Clerk Int‟l Cooperation
Also during the period under review, there were other employees who benefited from short
term training and seminars abroad. Those employees who benefited are:
Name Area of Assignment
1. Mr. David C. Tarley- Desk Officer Int‟l Cooperation
2. Mr. Philip Johnson- Principal Analyst- Foreign Service Institute
3. Ms. Musu Randolph- Research Analyst - Afro Asian Affairs
4. Mr. Dennis Jallah - Research Analyst - Afro Asian Affairs
5. Mr. Momo Nyandibo Protocol Officer - Department of Protocol
6. Mr. Rancy Tokpah - Protocol Officer - Department of Protocol
7. Ms. Vera Swengbe - Research Analyst - Deputy Minister of F. A.
8. Ms Anitta Freeman - Director - Procurement & Supplies
Under the HR training program, the Government of the Republic of France, awarded ten
local scholarships to employees of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to study the French
Language at the Alliance Française Institute in Sinkor, Monrovia.
The Division is also charged with the responsibility of regulating the flow of
communications in and out of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Division issues Letter
Reference Numbers to all offices within the Ministry for easy tracking of communication
and control. This responsibility has not been effective due to the lack of coordination couple
with the facility now available due to new communication technology such as the e-mail,
During the Period under review, the National Social Security & Welfare Corporation
(NASSCORP), launched a vigorous exercise to update the profile of employees‟ registered
under their schemes. The Division of Personnel/Central Administration‟s participation in
the documentation process of Foreign Service Officers should facilitate the collection of
accurate and updated information relative to Social Security, Retirement, Death, and
Employees of the Ministry of foreign Affairs are covered under a Group Insurance Policy
with the Insurance Company of Africa (ICA). This agreement which covers medical and
death benefits was entered into since February 2004 but not without challenges. Complaints
by staff in late 2008 have led to an investigation of this course, results of which expected in
the new year.
BUREAU OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
The Bureau of Public Affairs which reports directly to the Minister of Foreign Affairs is
headed by an Assistant Minister who carries the title Assistant Minister for Public Affairs.
The Bureau is the press and information arm of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and is
charged with the responsibility of stimulating, and maintaining public support for the
country‟s Foreign Policy orientation and objectives. The Assistant Ministry of Foreign
Affairs for Public Affairs is the Official Spokesperson of Foreign Affairs.
Besides being the Information Arm and Official Spokesperson of the Ministry, the Bureau
of Public Affairs has a responsibility of generating public interest and maintaining public
support for Liberia‟s Foreign Policy Initiative and Activities. It does this through regular
Press Releases to the Media about Liberia‟s Foreign Policy Objectives, and arranges press
briefings, conduct press interviews on foreign policy formulation and implementation. The
Bureau attaches importance to image-building, adequate dissemination of information from
the Home Office and Diplomatic Missions to the public via the local media and
Regularly, the Bureau issued press releases and other documents to the media on public
holidays, national holidays and other occasions designated and set aside each year by
Regional and International Organizations of which Liberia is a member for observance by
all members‟ states. As part of its mandate, the Bureau of Public Affairs responsibly
provides regular briefings on developments taking place at in the country to all of Liberia‟s
Diplomatic and Consular Missions Abroad and similarly, releases development from within
the country to Liberia‟s diplomatic missions abroad. These briefings essentially include the
current political situation in the country, happening at Government ministries and agencies,
presidential statement and pronouncement, as well as developments on reconstruction,
rehabilitation, and reconciliation, important foreign policy pronouncements and foreign
visits by the president, foreign Minister and other key government officials; important
social and economic policy strategies and statements as pronounced by the government of
Liberia, and land mark events.
Additionally, the Bureau responds to requests for specific information be it of a cultural,
economic, political, and social nature by Liberia‟s Foreign Missions abroad or other foreign
sources. This specific information may concern Liberia‟s Investments Policy or Investment
Potentials. Frequently, when these requests are made the Bureau would gather the request
of information or data from the appropriate and relevant Ministers and Agencies of
government for transmission to the destination of request.
The Assistant Minister of Public Affairs on an ad-hoc basis, is sometimes appointed to chair
the Ministry‟s Annual Report Committee for the preparation of its Annual Report, prepare
joint communiqués and joint press releases in conjunction with the Bureau of Legal Affairs
and performs any other assignments as the Foreign Minister may designate to him.
During the period under review, the Bureau carried out its functional responsibilities
through the issuing of Press Releases on both the print and electronic media. The Releases
discussed wide range of issues including out comes of meetings of the Foreign Minister
with Foreign dignitaries, visits of Foreign Diplomats and Official meeting, proclamations
by the President concerning public holidays and special days set aside for observance by
member states of International and regional organizations of which Liberia is a member, the
Bureau also issued releases an information from the Foreign Missions abroad which the
public deserves to know.
The Bureau of Pubic Affairs, under the leadership of Assistant Foreign Minister for Public
Affairs, Hon. Josephus Gbala-Hinnih Moses Gray, the Bureau can boast of numerous
achievements. These successes wouldn‟t have taken place without the collective inputs and
contributions of the staff members especially the Senior Public Relation Officer, Senior
Press Officer and Secretary, and to mention the office assistant. The Ministry‟s website-
www.mofa.gov.lr underwent considerable improvement following the appointment of
Assistant Josephus M. Gray in Mid 2008.
The site is regularly updated with information and is widely search by people both in and
out of the country, as it is the only mean of knowing new development on the country‟s
foreign policy. The Assistant Minister was able to revamp of the Public Affairs Bureau to
enhance productivity and efficiency and bring about new dynamism, drafted several
projects aimed at seeking assistance for the Bureau, instituted evaluation of the staff‟s
performance vis-à-vis efficiency and response to duty; identify shortcomings and help to
them, seek the staff interests, efficiently run the Bureau and champion unity among the
Each of the staff members carry out their assigned mandates and functions as stipulated in
the term of reference. The staffers conducted their selves on the job and professionally
implemented job given them. Breaks the communication gap that long serves as an obstacle
for proper dissemination of important information from the Ministry to the public and was
able to introduce new dynamism by regularly reviews of the local newspapers and share the
synopsis and analysis from the local press with other officials of the Ministry and
diplomatic mission abroad.
THE BUREAU OF INTERNAL AUDIT
The internal audit bureau which falls directly under the Minister of Foreign Affairs,
monitors the financial transactions of all bureaux in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It
educates and advises on matters relating to the accounts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The Internal Auditor analyses account payable to vendors and Foreign missions, verifies
payments to ascertain their validities. The Internal Auditor periodically conducts the audit
of the following Offices:
a. Financial Affairs Bureau
b. Passports and Visas
d. Foreign Service Institute
e. Personnel/Central Administration
f. The Archives
g. Legal Affairs
h. Foreign Missions and Consulates
During the year under review, the Bureau was able to perform its statutory mandate by
instituting some audits. It is important that the following recommendations be implemented,
to enhance transparency.
Revenue generated from all categories of passport management must be deposited
directly into Government‟s Account;
An account officer should be assigned to the Passport Bureau for the day to day
recording of passport activities which will be monitored by the Internal Auditing Bureau
for verifications. The above mentioned are to be addressed in the upcoming year.
Plans also call for the merger of this Bureau with that of the Inspectorate General in the
BUREAU OF ARCHIVES
The Bureau of Achieves, Patents and Trademarks of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is
charged with the responsibility of preserving, salvaging and storing of all probated
documents such as Land Deeds, Lease Agreements, Power of Attorney, Articles of
Incorporation, Last Wills and Testaments, etc. The Bureau also registers and renews
intellectual property documents such as Patents and Trademarks. In addition, the Bureau
prepares certified copies of and authenticates all probated documents in its depository.
These certified copies, some of which are screened and verified by the Ministry of Land,
Mines and Energy are thoroughly examined by the Director of Archives, attested to by the
Deputy Minister/Legal Affairs and approved by the Minister of Foreign Affairs or his/her
designate before they are issued to the public. The Bureau of Archives issues to intellectual
property owners‟ certificates of registration of trademarks, renewal of trademarks, change
of name and/or address, assignments etc., as well as patents granted. The Bureau is led by
Mr. Jackson Purser as Director with a support staff of sixteen members of staff. Complaints
have led to requests by the Ministry for investigations by the Ministry of National Security
in late 2008.
Relationship with International Organizations
During the period under review, Mr. Robert Y. Mezzeh, Deputy Director of Archives
attended the meeting of the working group on the Development of the Madrid System
covering the International Registration of Marks, in Geneva, Switzerland, from May 5-9,
2008. Mr. Mezzeh also attended the 45th series of assemblies of member States of the World
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), in Geneva, Switzerland from September 24-30,
During the year under review, the activities of the Bureau‟s intellectual property component
generated and remitted to Government the total sum of Three Thousand two hundred
eighty-five dollars (US$3,285.00).
Personnel Movement within the Bureau registered the transfer of Ms. Rosetta S. Sellu
from the Bureau of Security to the Bureau of Archives during the period under review, as
secretary by Central Administration.
BUREAU OF MAINTENACE AND TECHNICAL SERVICES
The Bureau of Maintenance and Technical Service has the responsibilities of maintaining
and repairing electrical and non electrical equipment. The Bureau is also responsible to
service all mechanical and electrical equipment which include; Vehicles, generators, Telex
Typewriters, Computers, Communication sets, and the Plumbing system. The Bureau also
takes care of the repairs of furniture, doors, windows and the general cleaning of the
Ministry - the interior parts as well as the exterior areas. The Bureau operates with a total
staff of sixty-five members. These include Mr. Jeremiah C. Voker, Director, Mr. Stewart
Mulbah, Deputy Director for technical Services, Ms. Jackquellie Sullie, Deputy Director for
The Source of Power
It goes without saying that the consumption rate of electrical power has dramatically
increased over the past three years, due to the presence in the Ministry building of the
Ministry of State for Presidential Affairs. It must however be underscored that the
maintenance staff of both Agencies collaborated and coordinated well on the job. The
Executive Mansion Technical staff is responsible for power generation, while the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs contributes to providing fuel for the generator. Present, the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs does not have any generators. Its 500 & 350 KVA generators are out of
service and may have to be replaced.
BUREAUX OF PUBLICATIONS & PRINTING
The Bureau of Publications is one of the operational arms of the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs. The functions of the Bureau include, but not limited to the following:
Writes and print Official Gazettes of deceased Government Officials, Prominent and
Senior citizens of the Republic of Liberia.
Receives and coordinates the printing of Legislative Acts and distributes the printed
handbills, to the Legislature, the President, Vice President, the Chief Justice, all
Government Ministries and Agencies, Superintendents of Counties, higher
Institutions of learning, Public Corporation, etc.
Writes proclamations for National Holidays and other internationally proclaimed
days and coordinates their printing thereof.
Distributes copies of printed proclamations and Gazettes to the President, the
Speaker, President Pro-tempore, the Chief Justice, Minister of Justice and Minister
Conducts research on Legislative Acts and all other relevant documents in the
possession of the Bureau of Publications.
In our previous Annual Reports, it was mentioned that some Acts passed by the National
Legislature were printed directly by those concerned. Some would deliver only few printed
copies to the Bureau of Publications, but others, not at all. As a result, the record of Acts of
the National Legislature needs improvements. This condition has however improved
considerably and efforts are being made to further remedy its future.
During this reporting period, the Bureau carried out all its daily official assignments and
performed the following tasks:
Official Gazettes prepared and published …………………………….. 34
Proclamations prepared and published ……………………………….. 27
Number of Acts received from the National Legislature ……..… … 37
Number of Acts printed into handbills ……………………………… 39
Number of Acts distributed …………………………………………... 26
These Acts are detailed in the Annex to this report.
The Bureau of Printing recommends that in order to alleviate the high cost associated with
printing services and to control, secure and prevent the unnecessary exposure of
confidential and classified documents of Government, the Bureau should be refurbished,
rehabilitated and equipped. Plans are underway for this with expected support from UNDP
in 2009 for securing a printer and other equipment.
BUREAU OF PASSPORTS & VISAS
The Bureau of Passports and Visas‟ primary function is to issue Passport to Liberian
nationals and Visas to aliens requesting entry into Liberia. In effecting these duties, the
Bureau ensures that proper screening of applicants are conducted to establish the
truthfulness of their claims of Liberian citizenship and the subsequent issuance of passports
on the establishment of said fact.
There are three categories of passport, namely, Ordinary, Official and Diplomatic. The
ordinary passport process is directly handled by the Bureau, with applicants going through
the regular screening procedures. Unlike the Ordinary Passport, the Official and Diplomatic
passports process begins with communications from the requesting Governmental Ministry,
Agency, Bureau, etc. to the Minister of Foreign Affairs. The Bureau of Passports and Visas
then proceeds to issue the Passport as per instructions from the office of the Minister of
Foreign Affairs. The issuance of Visas was once in the purview of the Bureau, but has
now been transferred to the Protocol Section for a little over a year.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2008 launched the ECOWAS passports and began
issuing same to Liberian applicants. The ECOWAS passports, which are in three categories,
Ordinary, Official and Diplomatic, are machine readable and biometric and is obtainable
within 24 hours upon application. The Ministry also implemented far-reaching measures to
reform its Bureau of passports and visas which have effectively removed bottlenecks
causing the excessive delay in the acquisition of Liberian passports by eligible applicants.
The maximum period it takes to obtain Liberian passports after a successful interview and
payment of the stipulated passport fees, is now one week.
The demand for passport during the year 2008 rose to an average of one thousand five
(1500) monthly. The bureau during the same period, traced and brought to book applicants
with falsified documents; applicants changing names; and even aliens with fake birth
certificates, stating that their parents are Liberians, when in effect, they are not.
Digitalization of the Passport issuance process
Reduce the passport processing time
Ensure that only Liberians obtain Liberian Passports, and
Prevent the extortion of money from applicants.
After assuming the office as Acting Director of Passport/Visas, we experienced series of
irregularities and fraudulent activities which we are still in the process of curtiling. The
dishonesty on the part of requesting officials and agencies for Official and Diplomatic
passports for their staff members has also become a challenge. Several communications
have been received from various Government entities applying for Official/ Diplomatic
passports on behalf of people who are purported to be officials of the respective entities
making the request.
Investigations have revealed that some of the applicants are not within the employ of those
entities. Another problem that the Bureau faces emanates from applicants who are outside
of the country, especially those in Asian countries. Applications are usually received for
passport for Liberians in Asian countries with the stated reason that their passports got lost.
However, they will request that the new passport should have a change of name, simply
because they are trying to evade justice after committing a crime. The Bureau was also
faced with the issue of Liberians fronting for aliens to obtain Liberian passports. During
our intensive interviews and screening, most of these cases were discovered and those
involved were sent to NSA/Police for further investigation.
Actions and Successes
Beginning August 17, 2007, the passport application process became digital. The
digitization of the process created new opportunities and challenges. The current passports
are not biometric and pose security risks. The Bureau contracted the existing support team
(Ateina) for the existing system. The approach to ensure that the system works is to create
a mobile verification system. This system will use the passport database to verify
travellers. For the pilot, a remote unit will be stationed at the airport‟s departure and arrival
terminal to verify Liberians who are travelling. The mobile system will verify travellers by
entering their passport number and ascertaining that the passport was indeed issued to the
traveller. The Bureau has acquired several equipments including a mobile computer and a
finger print machine. We are embarking on this in order to stop unscrupulous applicants
from applying multiple times and selling passports abroad. We would hope that should
commence at the Roberts International Airport upon approval.
In a bid to alleviate some of the numerous problems that the Bureau is encountering with
Liberians applying for passports from abroad, we are to coordinate with most of our
Embassies abroad in order to assist in the direct interaction with Liberians abroad who need
passports. Some of the Embassies that we have been in touch with are Ghana, Ivory Coast,
France, Germany, Belgium, Sierra Leone, and Guinea and we have been receiving their
The stipulated time for the processing of an Ordinary Passport is four weeks, but through
the efficient and effective work or our staff, the processing time has been reduced to a
maximum of three weeks. To curtail the extortion of money by unscrupulous employees,
staff of the Bureau now wear uniforms, making them easily recognizable.
Staff Advancement and Training
During the year under review the Deputy Director of Passports and Visas Mr. Israel Davis
was awarded a government scholarship for a masters Program to the Republic of China.
The German Federal Police extended an invitation to the Bureau for a staff to form part of a
delegation to Germany to attend a one week consultation meeting on the illegal migration
of aliens in Germany and Europe.
The Bureau submitted the following recommendations to Senior management for
That we employ Liaison Officers for the Bureau where we do not have
That in-service training and/or workshops be held for the advancement of the
staff. Various training programs and workshops should be developed to help
maintain and improve the integrity and efficiency of the staff. Provision of
scholarship for deserving staff members will serve as incentive to further
That access to the entrance of the Bureau be restricted for use by only the staff of
the Bureau of Passports and Visas. This will prevent the overcrowding of the
Bureau by other Ministry employees who are constantly loitering and harassing
That a Mini-Bus be provided for use by the Bureau staff to help alleviate their
These recommendations are under consideration.
BUREAU OF DIPLOMATIC POUCH
The Bureau of Diplomatic Pouch which is headed by a Director is responsible to prepare
pouches for onward transmission to our Missions and Embassies abroad by Airlines and
also receive same from our Embassies for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Bureau also
collects and posts ordinary letters to and from Government Ministries and Agencies, Public
Corporations, NGO‟s, diplomatic establishments, and private institutions, both within and
outside of Liberia.
In this connection, arrangement has been made through the Deputy Minister for
Administration, Hon. Johnson N. Gwaikolio, with the Ministry of Postal affairs, to dispatch
mail from the Ministry and bill it on a monthly basis, while the incoming ones are
distributed according to addressees. Despite the movement of the pouches, we still make
efforts with Airline Cargo Sections to ensure that pouches are dispatched with deserving
urgency and safely delivered.
BUREAU OF PROCUREMENT
The Bureau of Procurement and Supplies is the arm of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
clothed with the responsibility of procuring goods and services on behalf of the Ministry.
Presently, the Bureau has a staff of seven (7) persons, the Director included. During the
year under review, the Bureau of Procurement expended a total of $1,000,592 US (One
million five hundred and ninety-two thousand dollars) in meeting the Ministry‟s need in
logistics and goods and services.
BUREAU OF INTERNAL SECURITY
The Bureau functions under the general supervision of a Director who is appointed by the
Minister of Foreign Affairs with the approval of the Head of State. The Director is
responsible to the Minister of Foreign Affairs through the office of the Deputy Minister for
Administration but shall (when so directed) report directly to the Minister. The Bureau
being the protective arm of the Ministry, it operates on a 24 hour basis seven (7) days a
Personnel and Administration
The bureau currently operates under the general supervision of Inspector Robert P. Dean,
Jr. as Director (1992) and assisted by three (3) Deputy Directors (Administration,
Operation and Special Services) and a host of Security Agents and clerical staff functioning
in a coordinated manner to achieve the overall objectives of the Division on a day to day
basis. The Service with 33 agents including the Director.
The Ministry experienced no theft. However, there were series of road traffic accidents
involving the Ministry vehicles in which both minor and major damages and injuries were
sustained. Visitors and employees were protected in keeping with established policy and
procedures. Law and order was maintained at all times within the premises while the
Bureau endeavoured to promote a cordial working atmosphere and coordination with
personnel of other Law enforcement and national Security Institutions also operating within
the same area of operation. The Bureau also received maximum cooperation from personnel
of the United Nations Military Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Indian Female Police
Unit (FPU) Contingent assigned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs during the period under
In order to build the capacity of our staff, the Assistant Director for Operations was
awarded a scholarship to undergo a three month training course in criminal justice at the
Centre for Criminal Justice Research and Education in the City of Monrovia from
September to November 2008. It is therefore expected that the Assistant Director will
become an asset to the Department following his training. The cost of the program was
underwritten by the Director of Security who is also an Executive Member of the Liberia
National Law Enforcement Association (LINLEA).
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS CLINIC
During the first half of the year, activities at the clinic were at a very strenuous pace due to
the absence of the supply of drugs and needed logistics. However, Administration
responded urgently in providing the much needed supply of drugs and other items. It is
worth mentioning that for the first time in four (4) years, the Clinic was included in the F/Y
2008/2009 budget of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. With the favourable development
during the period under review, and under the management of Ms. Mercy S. Marblic as
Director/Medical Services, the clinic received and treated 300 members of staff for various
diseases ranging from common cold to various types of infections.
LIBERIAN DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR MISSIONS ABROAD
Within the context of Liberia‟s reconstruction agenda, it was necessary to review, the
nation‟s representations abroad. The decision for the closure of some Missions was a
difficult one but which had to be taken in order to be able to elevate the image of our
Foreign Service Officers which had been terribly compromised in the recent past. Those
missions scheduled for closure are DRC and Cameroon, which are faced with considerable
arrears of past administration that must be provided for, to effect the closures.
Government, however, maintained and/or opened Liberian Diplomatic Representations in
12 African Countries, 3 in Asia, 5 in Europe and 2 in the United States/United Nations.
LIBERIA’S DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR MISSIONS ABROAD
LIBERIA’S AFRICAN MISSIONS :THESE ARE FULLY OPERATIONAL
i. LIBERIAN EMBASSY ADDIS ABABA
ii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY ABUJA
iii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY FREETOWN
iv. LIBERIAN EMBASSY CONAKRY
v. LIBERIAN EMBASSY ACCRA
vi. LIBERIAN EMBASSY ABIDJAN
vii. CONSULATE GENERAL N’ZEREKORE, GUINEA
viii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY CAIRO
ix. LIBERIAN EMBASSY RABAT
x. LIBERIAN EMBASSY TRIPOLI
xi. LIBERIAN EMBASSY PRETORIA
xii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY YAOUNDE
LIBERIA’S ASIAN MISSIONS
i. LIBERIAN EMBASSY BEIJING
ii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY TOKYO
LIBERIAN EUROPEAN MISSIONS
i. LIBERIAN EMBASSY BRUSSELS
ii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY LONDON
iii. LIBERIAN EMBASSY PARIS
iv. LIBERIAN EMBASSY BERLIN
v. LIBERIAN EMBASSY ROME
LIBERIAN MISSIONS IN THE AMERICAS
i. LIBERIAN EMBASSY WISHINGTON D.C
ii. CONSULATE GENERAL NEW YORK
iii. LIBERIAN PERMANENT MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Several of these Missions declined quite significantly during the outbreak of the civil crisis
which presently pose a serious challenge to the Government of President Ellen Johnson
Sirleaf. Upon assuming leadership of the country, President Johnson Sirleaf wasted no time
in embarking on measures aimed at upgrading and renewing these missions to their pre-war
status. This she felt was necessary considering that Liberia is in a post–conflict era and
requires increased bilateral, sub-regional and regional cooperation to meet its security and
Some of the measures adopted to strengthen the Liberian Foreign Service including
Liberia‟s African Missions, were the recall of a number of the diplomatic Staff; the closure
and pending proposal to close some of the Missions. Government also suspended all
Liberia‟s Honorary Consular activities in second half of 2007 except for a very few
strategic ones, until the Honorary Consular Corps could be revamped with new operational
guidelines to make them productive and responsive to the reconstruction and development
needs of the country.
LIBERIA’S AFRICAN DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS
LIBERIAN EMBASSY ADDIS ABABA
The Embassy of the Republic of Liberia accredited to Ethiopia is also accredited to the
African Union and the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) in Addis Ababa . As a
result, the Ambassador and Chief of Mission of the Embassy, H.E. Edward H. Clinton form
part of the Liberian delegations to all Ministerial and Summit Meetings convened
particularly by the African Union in both Adds Ababa and Accra, Ghana, during the
reviewing period. The Embassy also played host to the Liberian delegations during
Conferences that were held in Addis Ababa, and the Ambassador and Staff attended all
regional and sub-regional group meetings of AU Ambassadors and other official meetings
held in Addis Ababa. The Ambassador is also accredited to East African Community States
LIBERIA – ETHIOPIA RELATIONS
The relations existing between the Republic of Liberia and the Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia remain cordial and harmonious. The Government of Ethiopia
continues to exercise considerable restraint and understanding towards the Liberian
Embassy‟s indebtedness. This show of understanding is predicated upon the Ethiopian
Government‟s sympathy with Liberia‟s predicament occasioned largely by the effects of the
just ended armed conflict. Arrangements were made for the Government to cancel 50% of
our indebtedness while the Government of Liberia pay for the balance of present
LIBERIAN EMBASSY ABUJA
The Embassy of Liberia in Abuja is undergoing reform after many years of low activity.
The objectives of the Abuja Mission include promoting private sector investment in Liberia,
protecting the interest of Liberians living in Nigeria, Benin and Togo, interpreting and
advancing Liberia‟s foreign policy with the view of obtaining official and private sector
support for Liberia‟s Poverty Reduction Strategy to lift Liberia, and represent Liberia‟s
interest in ECOWAS.
Major developments in Nigeria during the review period include President Yar‟Adua‟s
embarking on a Seven Point Agenda to address the many development challenges of
Nigeria, including corruption, dissident activities in the Niger Delta Region, and the global
economic meltdown. Under his Seven Point Agenda, the President has prioritized Power
and Energy, Food and Security, Wealth Creation, the Transport Sector, Land Reform,
National Security, and Education. He reconfigured his cabinet, won a Supreme Court
Challenge to his election, and released a FY 2008 budget of N2.9 trillion.
The Mission’s measurable objectives in FY 2008-2009 include:
Enhanced understanding by means of Information, Communication and Technology
(ICT) and via business forums, the media, the private sector, and universities, of
Liberia‟s development and investment policies, in order to increase the support of
the Nigerian Government and major private sector initiatives for the PRS.
Registration system to protect the interests of an estimated 5,000 or more Liberians
residing in the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin.
An improved method of reporting and making recommendations on matters that
have implications for Liberia‟s economic and political developments.
Increased private sector investment in Liberia from Nigeria and accredited areas by
more than 50% of the current level, and the strengthening of bilateral ties between
Liberia, the three neighbouring States and ECOWAS covered by the Embassy.
2.1. Status of the Abuja Mission
The Mission worked under great constraints in fulfilling its objectives under the leadership
of a Chargé d‟Affaires, a.i., Mr. Roland N. Bedell, assisted by five diplomats, and five local
staff. Nevertheless, some functions remained vital which we continue to discharge, such as
the Consular services: the Mission issued five laissez passers, eight multiple visas, six
single visas, and four passport renewals during the period under review.
During the period under review, the Embassy received many officials of the Government of
Liberia, including President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf transiting from Lagos into Abuja for
various meetings at the ECOWAS Secretariat, AU, including the ECOWAS Court
Meetings, and ECOWAS Parliament Meetings, against the backdrop of inadequacies
experienced over the years especially the period under review, The Mission currently needs
an additional appropriation of $824,356 to revitalize its activities. Its new Chancery-cum-
Residence is still being constructed under a contested agreement with Sigma Corporation (a
Nigerian Firm), a contract inherited by this Government, and about which the Liberian
Government has requested the Economic and financial cries office of the Government of
Nigeria ti intervene.
Nigeria - Political
Nigeria has many political parties, including two dominant ones: the ruling People
Democratic Party (PDP) and Action Party (AP). Alhaji Musa Yar‟Adua, GCFR, and
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Nigeria. He was elected President in April
2007 on the ballot of the PDP. The election was alleged to be fraudulent by the other
contestants of the Presidency, namely, former Vice President during the tenure of
President Olusegun Obasanjo, and Alhaji Atiku Abubakar of AP, and the former military
ruler, General Muhamadu Buhari. However, the Supreme Court passed a judgment
upholding President Yar‟ Adua‟s victory in October 2008.
During the period under review, it is pleasing to state that the amicable and brotherly
relations existing between the peoples and governments of the Republic of Liberia and the
Federal Republic of Nigeria were further strengthened. This unique relationship has been
sustained and further consolidated by the constant exchange of personal contacts and
official visits of Liberia‟s President to the President of Nigeria. The Embassy assisted with
the processing of the Agreement of the new Nigerian Ambassador to Liberia, H.E.
The Liberia Community in Nigeria
Relations between the Embassy and the Liberian Community in Nigeria were cordial and
harmonious. It is worthy to mention that due to the positive developments in Liberia,
especially after the election of H.E. Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, many Liberians and non-
Liberians who resided in Liberia prior to the civil war have returned home to make their
contributions toward the overall development of the country
Liberia’s Relations with Benin and Togo
Cordial cooperation, understanding and friendship characterized the diplomatic relations
between the Republics of Liberia Benin and Togo.
Liberian Embassy in Freetown
The Embassy maintained its 20-strong staff of 17 locals and three diplomats. The
diplomats include the Ambassador, H.E Thomas N. Brima, the 2nd Secretary-Head of
Chancery, Mr. Roland Nah Johnson, and the 3rd Secretary-Finance Officer, Mr. Azikiwe
Moses Deshield, Sr. Even though small amount was transmitted to the Embassy during the
period in review to cover utility bills, having met some of our utility debts.
THE CONSULAR SECTION:
The Embassy successfully expedited UK Visa Applications for fifty-five (55) Liberian
Government Officials including eighteen (18) Legislators and nine (9) Ministers. 92
Vehicle Passes were issued to motorists wishing to travel to Liberia by road. 58 Visas were
issued to foreigners (non-Liberians and non-ECOWAS citizens) wishing to visit Liberia;
out of which 21 were Diplomatic-Gratis courtesy visas, 27 single entry and 10 multiple
entry visas. 168 Laissez Passers (emergency travel certificates) were issued to Liberian
Nationals travelling through or from Sierra Leone to Liberia.
The year in review was not without challenges. In the face of these challenges, the Embassy
successful mediatory and representational roles the Embassy played between the
Governments and Peoples of Liberia and Sierra Leone. The Embassy also succeeded in
promoting the image of Liberia; exposing and explaining its present development efforts,
achievements and needs through interactions with other Foreign Missions, international
organizations and the Diplomatic and Consular corps. Prominent among these were the
Ambassadors from Guinea, the United States of America, The Gambia, Germany, Nigeria,
United Kingdom, who paid courtesy calls at the Embassy during which visits we held
substantive worthwhile discussions.
The Embassy communicated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Monrovia those
discussions we felt were noteworthy. From the consular statistics indicated supra, it can be
noted that the Embassy did not only serve the interests of Liberians wishing to return home
but also rendered consular services to non-West African and non-African visitors including
potential investors and Diplomats. The Embassy also established a cordial working relation
with the British High Commission in Freetown and has therefore been successful in
expediting visa applications on behalf of Liberian Government Officials wishing to pay
visits to the United Kingdom.
The Embassy continues to make the required annual rental payments on 6.4 acres of land it
acquired as a reciprocal gesture on lease for 99 years from the Government of Sierra Leone
in the newly designated Diplomatic Enclave, for building its much needed Chancery and
ancillary structures. The Embassy has consequently submitted a total of three project
proposals from developers for the building of the Chancery with relevant suggestions for
implementation under pre-financing arrangements, which could further lessen the financial
weight on Government in the near future.
The Embassy also tendered a project proposal for the fencing of the acquired piece of land
in compliance with Sierra Leone Government‟s regulations and to deter encroachers. The
Political situation in Sierra Leone during the reporting period was relatively peaceful and
calm, as we witnessed political parties peacefully co-existing, each seeking recognition and
votes by spreading their political agenda within the society without any major incidents.
Take for instance, the Councilors of the City of Freetown decided to change the Mayor and
they did so in a very quiet manner.
The economic tide in Sierra Leone experienced a dramatic rise, as the prices of essential
goods and services including locally produced food items and other commodities, soared
rapidly to unprecedented heights. The revenue intake has risen but the Country remains
considerate dependent of donor assistance. The Civil Society to a large extent has been
democratic in its disposition notably during last year‟s Parliamentary and Presidential
Elections and the Local Government Elections of this year. Opposing partisans have been
relatively tolerant with each other regardless of tribal differences, Political affiliation, in
spite of some reported threats, verbal abuses and other misconducts.
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN SIERRA LEONE
The new APC government of President Koroma, immediately upon inception into office,
made it clear that there would be no tolerance for corruption. In fact the President has
never made any public address without the mention of „zero tolerance for corruption‟.
Consequently, during the reporting period, President Koroma and his Foreign Minister
have on various occasions informed the Diplomatic corps in Freetown, of the APC
government‟s campaign to affect Attitudinal Change among Sierra Leoneans.
The Government revised and launched a National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS) and
had it passed into law. The act made it compulsory for all public servants to declare their
assets. His Excellency President Ernest Koroma became the first Public servant to declare
his assets and he subsequently directed all of his Ministers and other civil servants to do
LIBERIAN EMBASSY CONAKRY (Republic of Guinea)
Ambassador E. Sumo Jones presented his Letters of Credence to President Lansana Conte
of Guinea from President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia on May 24, 2008. During the
period under review under the leadership of Ambassador Jones, the Embassy continued to
enjoy excellent cooperation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other Government
Agencies. The Embassy also had cordial working relationships with all diplomatic and
consular missions including International Organizations accredited to Guinea. The Conakry
Mission endeavoured to promote a positive image of Liberia and worked to enhance cordial
and friendly relations between the peoples of our two countries. Relations between the
Embassy and the Liberian community in Guinea proved and mutually supportive.
Roberts Flight Information Center
The Roberts Flight Information Region (FIR) another economic Union founded by Liberia,
Guinea and Sierra Leone under the Mano River Union whose activities were interrupted
during the civil wars, is again functioning and relocated in Liberia, whilst its leadership
rotates between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Visits of President Johnson Sirleaf to Guinea
During the year under review, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf visited Conakry, Guinea,
twice. The purpose of the first visit on August 18, 2008, was to pay a courtesy call on her
Brother and Friend, President Lansana Conte, after the Military and Police uprisings that
took place in Conakry in May, 2008. The President returned for the second time on
October 2, 2008, upon invitation to participate in the 50th Independence Anniversary of
Guinea with a high powered delegation of 11 persons including Acting Foreign Minister
W.V.S. Bull and Honorable Haja F. Siryon of the Liberian House of Representatives. She
and members of her delegation returned to Liberia the same day. Upon requests, the
Ambassador had the privilege of paying courtesy calls on the Ambassador of the People‟s
Republic of China, the United Kingdom, the Economic Community of West African States
(ECOWAS), Nigeria, Algeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal, the European Union (EU) and Ghana.
CONSULATE GENERAL OF LIBERIA IN N’ZEREKORE
In this year‟s report, the Consulate paid special attention to monitoring the Local
Integration phase of Liberian refugees into the Guinean communities through UNHCR in
collaboration with the Regional Office for Social Integration representing the Guinean
Government (BRISR) and Humanitarian Organisations delivering services to Liberian
refugees. Emphasis was also made on the punctual repatriation of Liberian refugees back
home; building and strengthening the relationship with the Guinean authorities in
N‟Zerekore as well as International Organisations, while at the same time continue
rendering services to Liberians Citizens residing in the Region of N‟Zerekore.
The Consulate noted the visits to N‟Zerekore of the former Prime Minister of Guinea
Lansana Kouyate, along several with key United Nations representatives residing in
Guinea and outside; along with the Inspector General for Foreign Missions of the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs. In building Liberia‟s image, the Consul General, W. Duyan Morris,
supported the organization of the celebration of Liberia‟s 161st Anniversary with the active
cooperation and collaboration of Liberian citizens residing in N‟Zerekore, with a view to
encouraging them to return home and do the same in Liberia as their contribution to nation
building. The Consulate General was relocated to a building located in Gbangana Quarter
incorporating both the Consulate and the Consul General‟s residence to reflect the
recommendation of Ambassador E. Sumo Jones
LIBERIAN EMBASSY ABIDJAN
The Year under review was results-focused for the Embassy of Liberia in Cote d`Ivoire
with concurrent accreditation to Burkina Faso and the Republic of Niger. The Embassy
recorded significant progress in realizing the Foreign Policy objectives of her Excellency
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Improvement in relations with the host country and
concurrent accreditation countries is a highlight of the period under review. Exchange of
visits, good neighbourly gestures, and other activities were the hallmarks of the bilateral
relations and cooperation.
Also, through the support of the Home Office, important strides were made in clearing up
the back log of arrears for rents, salaries, and other services. These efforts had a positive
impact on image-building and helped to revise the morale of the personnel. Additionally,
the action taken towards salary adjustment and cost of living for diplomatic personnel,
implemented from the beginning of the fiscal Year 2008/2009, reflects government‟s
interest in strengthening the service delivery capacity of the Foreign Service.
Relations between Cote d‟Ivoire and Liberia remain harmonious especially since the
election of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. In April of the period under review, Her
Excellency President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf paid a two day official visit to Cote d‟Ivoire
from April 1 to 2. The visit afforded the two leaders the opportunity to re-affirm their
commitment to the social and economic development of the sub-region and to strengthen
political cooperation and pursue the objectives of good neighbourliness and peace.
Additionally, new areas of cooperation were the highlight at the meeting between Ivorian
and Liberian business and economic actors during this visit. Her Excellency President
Johnson Sirleaf was admitted into the highest “order of the Republic” by her Ivorian
counterpart His Excellency Laurent Gbagbo. In May, a high level delegation from Cote
d‟Ivoire participated in the Mano River Union Summit in Monrovia, thereby confirming her
adhesion to this sub-regional structure. Bilateral cooperation is intensifying as Cote d‟Ivoire
gradually moves towards presidential elections after a six year period of armed crisis and a
divided national territory.
In April of the reporting period, new vistas of cooperation were opened between Burkina
Faso and Liberia by the establishment of a Joint (cooperation) Commission. High level
representatives from the two countries met in Ouagadougou from April 16 to 19 to set up
the Commission. In May, the Ambassador was received in audience by President Blaise
Compore of Burkina Faso, for the purpose of presenting her Letters of Credence. During
the audience, the Ambassador conveyed fraternal sentiments from Her Excellency President
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf for sustained cordial ties between the sister Countries.
His Excellency President Compare, in turn, expressed satisfaction at the renaissance of
cooperation between the two countries since the election of Her Excellency President
Johnson Sirleaf. He renewed his commitment and support for strengthening cooperation
between the sisterly republics, especially within the framework of the Burkina Faso-Liberia
Joint Commission that was set up in April, 2008. Her Excellency President Ellen Johnson
Sirleaf also participated in the ECOWAS Summit that was held in Ouagadougou in January
Republic of Niger
During the reporting period, the Government of Niger granted its agreement to the
appointment of the Ambassador of Liberia, her Excellency Vivienne T. Wreh as
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Liberia to Niger with residence in
Abidjan, Cote d‟Ivoire. However, regular visits to Niger within the context of conferences
and meetings, have been made by high level personalities from Liberia. In May, Her
Excellency President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf led a delegation to the third Spain-Africa
meeting “Women for a Better world” that was held in Niamey.
The Ivorian Peace Process
During the course of the year under review, the Embassy has transmitted detailed situation
reports of the peace process in Cote d‟Ivoire. It may suffice, therefore that this report
highlights just the salient points of the “post-crisis” period and the steps towards
Since His Excellency President Laurent Gbagbo and Guillaume Soro (now Prime Minister)
signed the peace agreement (known as the Ouagadougou Peace accord) in March 2007,
Cote d‟Ivoire is gradually moving towards peace. This agreement was facilitated by the
President of Burkina Faso, His Excellency Blaise Compaore`. The re-unification of the
country has brought about the restoration of Government control of public institutions
through out the country. Economic activities have commenced and commercial institutions
are now visible in the interior zones that were previously cut off from Abidjan by the
“north-south divide”. The United Nations‟ Force (ONUCI) is still present and will be active
in the election process. The United Nations Secretary General‟s Special Representative
(SRSG) is Mr. Y. G. Choi (Korean) who took up his post in 2007. Also, the Special
Representative of President Blaise Compaore‟ the Facilitator of the Ouagadougou Peace
Agreement is resident in Abidjan and is closely monitoring the execution of the agreement.
Local government institutions are functioning in all the regions and social infrastructure
and their attendant services are gradually being restored. Additionally, Cote d‟Ivoire is now
playing host to major international conferences in the Political (Yamoussoukro) and
Economic (Abidjan) Capitals. Primary among these conferences was the 12th Session of the
Intergovernmental Follow-up and Coordination Committee on Economic Cooperation
among Developing Countries (Group of ‟77) in June of the reporting period.
Economic activities are progressing as the country continues to tackle post-crisis issues.
However, in mid July, mass action by the population in response to strains aggravated by
the high cost of living, engendered strike actions for one week that paralyzed Abidjan and
other regions. Additionally, in the coffee and cocoa sector, which is one of the major
revenue basses for Cote d‟Ivoire, the Government took action on an audit report that made
certain recommendations for improvement in the operation and management of that sector.
Disarmament (DDR) issues
The disarmament process is ongoing. The two sides-FDS (Force de Defense et de Securite)
from the national army and FN (Force Nouvelle) from the rebellion have still not been
merged. However, the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement stipulates joint meetings and
consultations among all the military actors-FDS, FAFN, LICORNE (French forces),
ONUCI, among others under the CCI (Integrated Command Center).
Notably, the United Nations Commission on disarmament at the end of their assessment
mission in August reported that the proliferation of arms in Cote d‟Ivoire is a major
concern. Also, frequent disturbances and uprising within the ranks of the demobilized and
encamped military and ex-combatants from the ex-rebellion and Government forces have
given rise to public fear and doubts about Government disarmament efforts. The Ivorian
authorities have informed the public that one of the main features of the DDR process will
be national service. Ex-combatants will be encouraged to enroll in national (civic) service.
The Embassy operates at level of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary since
(December 2007) headed by a career diplomat her Excellency Ms. Vivienne T. Wreh. To
date, there are three diplomatic personnel namely, the Ambassador and two officers
(Counselor and Second Secretary/Vice Consul). All of the three are fluent in French. The
strength of the diplomatic staffing is appropriate for representation in Cote d‟Ivoire.
The financial standing of the Embassy has improved as a consequence of the strides and
efforts of the Ministry. Salaries and allowances are current as well as the visible efforts of
Government to clear arrears. The Embassy is maintaining stride with the Ministry in
ensuring accountability and transparency in all transactions of the Embassy. Records of
remittances for salaries and others and their disbursement are regularly updated.
Consular activities and services are ongoing. However, as reported in 2007, revenues are
not high. The Embassy receives requests for visas largely from diplomatic missions. These
services are granted free of charge. Also, other requests for civil documents are infrequent
and are granted largely on a “pro bono” basis since the Liberians resident in Cote d‟Ivoire
are 98% refugee population. Therefore, the precedent has been to apply this meagre revenue
towards the daily operation of the Embassy.
The Official Residence
The maintenance and upkeep of the official residence, which is the Government of
Liberia‟s property, remains a challenge to representation. However, action has been taken
by inviting a contractor to inspect the premises and provide costing for immediate and long
term renovation of the premises. Up to the writing of this report, the residence is still
generally unfurnished and needs to be painted. There is a proposal before the Ministry to
relocate the Chancery to the premises.
The landlords have advised Government of their intention to raise the rent of the Chancery
effective January 1, 2009. Government has occupied the premises for ten years (since
1998). The Embassy proposed that Government move out of the premises since the hike is
Relations with Liberians Residing in Cote d’Ivoire
During the course of the year in review, progress was made by the Embassy in establishing
contact with leaders in the community of Liberians residing in Cote d‟Ivoire with a view to
holding a formal meeting with the Liberian refugee and non-refugee population. The
purpose of this meeting would be to set up a formal structure comprising leaders in order to
organize the Liberian Community in Cote d‟Ivoire.
At a town hall meeting during the visit of Her Excellency President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in
April, she called for cohesion among the Liberians residing in Cote d‟Ivoire and reminded
them to respect the laws of the host country. The Liberian refugee population is the largest
grouping in Cote d‟Ivoire. It comprises 24,000 which makes up about 98% of the total
refugee population. The west of Cote d‟Ivoire has the largest concentration.
The Ambassador, under the aegis of the UNHCR, has made two visits to the west of Cote
d‟Ivoire to meet with the Liberian refugee population. The tours were geared towards
encouraging them to take advantage of the UNHCR voluntary repatriation program and to
sensitize them on the need for identification.
During the reporting period, the Embassy advanced a request to the UNHCR which donated
a computer set with a printer to help build the Embassy‟s capacity in this direction.
During the reporting period, progress was made in key areas which helped to strengthen the
service delivery capacity of the Embassy. Notably, the new salary scale (structure) for
diplomatic personnel and the improved and structured payroll of the local personnel created
an opportunity for internal reform. The social Security benefits for Liberian and Ivorian
personnel are being discussed. Clearly, with the pooled efforts of the Home Office and the
Embassy, the policies and transparency and accountability are enhanced.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY – YAOUNDE
The Liberian embassy in Yaoundé is one of the Missions earlier earmarked for closure in
line with the restructuring exercise of the Liberian Foreign Service. Any closure exercise
requires funding. It requires that all indebtedness of the Mission be it to vendors, landlords
or state institutions in the country of accreditation must first be settled. The Liberian
Embassy in Yaoundé owes considerable amounts to landlords and other service providers
totalling sum $1.9million. Efforts are underway to address this with Government of
Presently, the Mission is without any diplomatic staff. The Counsellor and Charge d‟
Affairs of the Embassy, Mr. James Massa, left his post without any permission or excuse
from the Foreign Ministry and is reported to be living in the United States. Meanwhile, the
Embassy‟s affairs and properties are being taken care of by Mr. Daniel Toby as Attaché
without diplomatic ranking.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY RABAT, MOROCCO
Upon the transfer of His Excellency Mr. Jarjar M. Kamara to the Great Socialist People‟s
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya as Ambassador Extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the Republic
of Liberia, to our Embassy in Tripoli, Mr. Morieba K. Sanoe serves as the Charge
d‟Affaires, a.i. He is the only diplomatic Officer at this Mission.
During the period under review, it is noteworthy that the Consular Section was mainly
engaged in the renewal of Liberian passports, issuing of laissez-passer to Liberian citizens
and informing the Moroccan public, especially the business community, about the many
investment opportunities in Liberia. Consequently, there have been positive signs from the
Moroccan business community to explore the possibility of investing in low-cost housing
units in Liberia. Other Moroccans have also expressed their desires to engage in the logging
Educational and Student Affairs
It is gratifying to mention that during this reporting period, 20 Liberian students were
awarded scholarships under the auspices of the Moroccan/Liberian Bilateral Scholarship
Program to pursue further studies in the Kingdom of Morocco. The 20 students are
presently studying the French language at the Mohammed V. University in Rabat:
For the period under review, Liberian-Moroccan relations continue to be cordial, friendly,
supportive and cooperative. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation as well as
other agencies of the Moroccan Government continue to give full support to the Embassy
whenever the need arises. The Embassy continued to promote a positive image of Liberia,
make the Moroccan people more aware about developments in Liberia and establish
cordial relations with members of the Moroccan parliament and officials of the Moroccan
Nevertheless, it should be mentioned that there are still many outstanding bilateral matters
that need to be pursued brought bring to closure. These outstanding matters are being
discussed with Moroccan authorities at every given opportunity. Among these is the pledge
of the Moroccan Government during the International Conference for the Reconstruction of
Liberia in New York on February 6, 2004, to assist in the training and rehabilitation of the
Liberian Security Forces and its participation in the rehabilitation of the medical services
and the distribution of portable water to the Liberian population.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY TRIPOLI
Ambassador Jarjar M. Kamara continued to function as head of the Mission in Tripoli
(Socialist People‟s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) while Mr. Ibrahim K. Nyei has been
transferred to the Mission in Rome, Republic of Italy. First Secretary Mr. Wilfred K.
Selmah, departed for Liberia on December 18, 2007 and has not yet returned to post of
which the Ministry has been apprised. Finally, Mr. Philip Tupee Soclo, Second Secretary,
continues to serve in this capacity.
For the period under review, the Consular Section continues to perform its statutory
functions by issuing visas, authenticating documents, renewing Liberian passports, issuing
Laissez-Passer to Liberian citizens assisting to release Liberians from prisons in both Libya
and Tunisia. The Embassy also works closely with the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in
identifying, documenting and repatriating Liberian citizens. In addition, the Consular
Section is also engaged in disseminating information and encouraging the Libyan Business
Community, among which is the Libyan Arab African Investment Company (LAAICO), to
manifest interest in investment opportunities in Liberia.
Liberian-Libyan relations, for the period under review, continue to be fruitful and cordial.
Despite some procedural difficulties here and there, the Embassy continued to receive full
cooperation from the Libyan People‟s Committee for Foreign Liaison and International
Cooperation (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) in the discharge of its duties.
VISIT OF PRESIDENT ELLEN JOHNSON SIRLEAF
President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf and delegation arrived in Tripoli, Libya, on August 25,
2008, for a two-day official visit. The President and delegation were received upon arrival
by senior Libyan Government officials, headed by a member of the Libyan Revolutionary
Command General Weldi Hamedi and the Secretary General for Arab Affairs, Mohamed
Sieadi. Also present to receive the President of Liberia at the Matika Airport were the
Ambassador of Liberia in the Great Socialist People‟s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, the
diplomatic officers as well as the local staff of the Embassy.
During their talks, the Lybian Leader assured President Sirleaf of Libya‟s commitment to
Liberia‟s development programs and will ensure that programs earmarked by his country
for implementation will be carried out. He also confirmed funding for the implementation
of projects, including the Rubber Processing Plant to be built in Gbarnga, Bong County,
Technical and Vocational Schools for the Handicapped and also assistance to Liberia to
tackle the food crisis as well as the renovation of the Ducor Intercontinental Hotel.
At the conclusion of the two-day official visit, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf welcomed
the recommitment made by the Libyan leader and renewed Liberia‟s adherence to fostering
the spirit of political and economic integration of the continent of Africa. Both Leaders
agreed that development and sustained progress in Africa can be enhanced when African
countries and their leaders remain united. They also shared the view that the African Union
is the only credible instrument for the consolidation of peace on the African continent.
During this reporting period, the Government of Libya dispatched two cargo planes
containing 30 tons each of humanitarian supplies for Liberia. Libya‟s support for Liberia
has mainly concentrated in the areas of agriculture, infrastructure and the business sectors.
Members of the Council of Chiefs led by Chief Zanzar Gawor used the occasion of their
visit to gown the Lybian Leader. In remarks, Chief Gawor expressed appreciation for the
support his country was giving to the development, peace and stability of Liberia.
The ten-member Traditional Council of Chiefs delegation was in Tripoli upon the invitation
of the Leader of the Revolution in order to join their colleagues from other countries to
participate in the programs marking the 39th Anniversary of the 1st September Al-Fateh
Revolution, which was held in Benghazi, as well as in all cities and towns in the country.
THE COMMUNITY OF SAHEL-SAHARAN STATES (CEN-SAD)
During the period under review, Liberia participated in the 10th Ordinary Session of the
Conference of Heads of State of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) held
in Cotonou, Republic of Benin. The Liberian delegation was led by President Ellen
Johnson Sirleaf who arrived in Cotonou on the 17th of June 2008. Other members of the
delegation included Deputy Minister for International Economic Cooperation, Hon.
Conmany B. Wesseh and Ambassador Jarjar M. Kamar from the Liberian Mission in
At the said meeting, Mauritania, Kenya and Sao Tome and Principe were admitted as
members of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), bringing the total
number of membership to 27 countries. One of the most important topics that was discussed
by Leaders and Heads of State and Governments was the prevailing food crisis. In order to
tackle this leaders at the Summit pledged to give emergency support to vulnerable
populations and farmers in order to assist them grow their food needs. Liberia was singled
out for the efforts it was exerting to pay its dues to the Organization in spite the post-
conflict impact on its economy.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY PRETORIA
Under the reviewing period, the Embassy forged ahead with its mandate of promoting and
fostering bilateral relations with the ten (10) accredited Southern African Nations in areas
within the field of diplomacy covering political, economic, cultural and social aspects.
Towards this end, following the presentation of the Letters of Credence to His Excellency
Thabo Mbeki, Former President of the Republic of South Africa on August 24, 2007, the
Liberian Embassy moved quickly with the dispatch of nine Diplomatic Notes requesting the
Agreement for the Ambassador Designate and requesting dates for the presentation of her
To date eight (8) Countries namely: South Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana,
Swaziland, Angola, Malawi and Zimbabwe out of these ten (10) accredited Countries have
granted Agrément in favor of the Ambassador Designate and the Ambassador has to date
presented her Credentials to the following Countries:
1. The Republic of South Africa – August 24, 2007
2. The Republic of Namibia on the 25th of June 2008; and
3. The Republic of Mozambique on the 17th of December 2008.
Recognizing that the fulcrum for the promotion and maintenance of diplomatic relations
rest upon matters addressed in Bilateral Agreements, The Ambassador negotiated and
signed between governments, the Embassy moved with haste to secure from the Republic
of South Africa draft agreements for negotiation in the following areas:
1. The General Framework Agreement;
2. The Agreement on Economic Cooperation;
3. The Agreement on Trade and Development; and
4. The Agreement for the Protection and Promotion of Investments
Within the context of South Africa, these Agreements are to be concluded and signed
during the President‟s upcoming State visit to South Africa. Similar requests have already
been dispatched to the Governments of the Republic of Mozambique and Namibia.
IMPLEMENTED ADMINISTRATIVE PROJECTIONS of 2008
In the Embassy‟s drive to enhance its mandate, the below administrative initiatives were
undertaken under this reviewing period as follows:
1. The Embassy secured a two year Lease Agreement for the Residence of the
Ambassador located at 184 Outeniqua Park, Waterkloof, Pretoria, Republic
of South Africa following six (6) months of living in and out of Guest
2. The Embassy procured the vehicle for the Ambassador – the type: Jaguar X
3. Re-established communication facilitates (fax, landlines, and emails for the
4. Established strong links with the Department of Foreign Affairs and the
Department of Trade and Industry from all levels – starting from the Chief
of Protocol, the Directors of the Presidency, the Director for African
Bilaterals and Assistant Directors; the Minister of Trade and Industry along
with his Assistants; the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs along with her
Personal Assistant and the Minister of Foreign Affairs as well as her
5. The establishment of the Embassy‟s Website www.iipembassy.co.za which
is designed to portray Liberia as a true portal for investment opportunities
and a repository for the easy access to vital information for countries within
the SADC Region;
6. Maintained Security protection for its Chancery located at 1157 Schoeman
Street, Schoeman Street Forum, Hatfield, Pretoria, Republic of South
7. Request through Diplomatic Notes and emails the filling of outstanding
vacancies for the Minister Counselor, the Second Secretary and most
recently that of the First Secretary the latter of whom has been recalled for
training in diplomacy; and
8. Re-organized the issuance of visas for sequential formation
EVENTS, MEETINGS AND VISITS
During this reviewing period, the Embassy attended, and participated in the following
events and meetings and received the President, Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.
Other Highlights can be summarised as below:
Attended the Opening of Parliament which event is obligatory for all Ambassadors,
High Commissioners and Representatives of International Organizations on
February 8, 2008 in Cape Town, South Africa;
Served as Guest Speaker for the Female Ambassadors‟ Happy Hour under the
auspices of the PRETORIA DIPLOMATIC CLUB in March 2008;
Served as a speaker at the Women‟s Day Breakfast on August 9, 2008 celebrating
the Centurion Life Skill Workshop focusing on empowering individual, families and
communities to reach their full potentials;
Served as Guest Speaker for the launching of the Book: “BUSINESS UNUSUAL:
Gender and Economy with a foreword by Her Excellency Madam Ellen Johnson
Sirleaf, President of the Republic of Liberia held in Sandton, Johannesburg on
August 13, 2008;
Attended the opening and Closing Ceremonies of the 28th Summit of SADC Heads
of State and Government on August 16-17, 2008 at the Sandton Convention Center
Attended the Funeral Service along with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the late
President of the Republic of Zambia, His Excellency Mr. Patrick Levy Mwanawasa
in Lusaka, Zambia 2nd – 3rd September, 2008;
Presentation of Letters of Credence by Ambassador Designate, Her Excellency Mrs.
Lois Lewis Brutus to His Excellency Armando Guebuza, President of the Republic
of Mozambique on December 17, 2008 in Maputo, Republic of Mozambique;
Attended all monthly meetings of African Ambassadors held the last Wednesday of
each month to discuss issues and concerns of the various African Embassies
accredited to the Republic of South Africa.
During this reporting period, the Embassy facilitated on nine (9) occasions, the issuance of
Airport Visas for officials and non officials into South Africa. In this respect, the Embassy
wishes to inform you that this privilege will not continue indefinitely as the law of the
Government of South Africa requires that visas must be obtained prior to entry into South
Africa. The Embassy does not want to abuse this privilege anymore.
The Embassy facilitated on three occasions under this reviewing period the reception of
members of the Liberian Legislature attending the Pan African Parliament in Midrand,
The Embassy during this reporting period has provided consular services to South Africans
and other nationals desirous of visiting Liberia through the issuance of 174 visas and
opened its website to provide easy travel, economic and investment information to visitors
wishing to travel and for starting business in Liberia.
The Embassy has also facilitated the repatriation of eight (8) undocumented Liberians
detained at State Prisons in collaboration with the Department of Home Affairs.
REPORT ON POLITICAL DIPLOMACY
Under this reporting period, the political landscape of South Africa experience for the first
time in the history of Africa‟s oldest political movement of 97 years, the ANC, a turbulence
of an unprecedented scale which led to the recall by the National Executive Committee of
the ANC on September 20, 2008 of President Thabo Mbeki followed by the tender of his
letter of resignation on September 21, 2008 to the National Assembly of the Parliament.
The formation of a rival new political party, the Congress of the People (COPE) led by
ANC dissidents Mosiuoa Lekota, former Minister of Defense and former ANC National
Chairman and Mbhazima Shilowa, former Premier of Gauteng Province.
These changes in the political landscape was occasioned by the September 12, 2008 Ruling
by Judge Chris Nicholson at the Pietermarisburg High Court in which he inferred that
President Mbeki interfaced with the charging and multiple attempts to prosecute ANC
President, Jacob Zuma and dropped corruption charges against Mr. Zuma. As a result
thereof, on September 22, 2008, the Republic of South Africa was given a new leader
chosen by the ANC in the person of its Deputy Leader, Mr. Kgalema Motlanthe, replacing
Mr. Thabo Mbeki until the holding of elections on the 22nd of April, 2009. Mr. Motlanthe
was sworn in a President of South Africa on September 25, 2008.
Judge Nicholson‟s ruling has now been overruled by the Constitutional Court and Mr.
Zuma has been asked to answer in a Court of Law on 110 Counts of Corruption ranging
from money laundering, racketeering etc. He is nevertheless the standing candidate of the
ANC for the President of the Republic of South Africa during this upcoming elections
scheduled for April 22, 2008.
PLANNED ESTABLISHMENT OF A SOUTH AFRICAN EMBASSY NEAR
MONROVIA This decision is still on course. It was scheduled for March 2009 following
the recee mission, has now been placed on the priority list for the new government. This
delay the Embassy has been informed is occasioned by the world economic crunch.
Under this period of reporting, according to the International Budget Partnership (IBP) a
global Research and advocacy group ranks South Africa as the second most transparent and
citizen friendly budgeting process in the world with the United Kingdom in the first, France
3rd , New Zealand 4th and USA in the 5th. In light of this new economic melt down, it has
been noted that South Africa‟s economy, the vibrant and largest in Africa will withstand the
full effect of a global economic recession. It boasts of strict exchange control and almost
non-existent secondary market activity in repackaged bank loans.
In fostering this economic cooperation the Embassy has established excellent rapport with
the Ministry of Trade and Industry and participated in several of the Ministry‟s workshops
and provided power point presentations to expose Liberia‟s investment opportunities and
encourage South African businesses to invest in Liberia. To date, there is a presence of
South African Companies doing business or in partnership with existing Liberian
Companies such as: MTN with Lonestar, MANHATTAN in the extractive mineral sector,
DELTA Consolidate which was reported to have provisionally won the $1.6 Billion Iron
Ore deal for the western Cluster, and many more South African – Liberian exchanges in the
areas of skills transfer and training; water purification; auditing, postal services and civil
service development amongst other.
Under this reviewing period, the Embassy continues to encourage the exchange of
information and culture – participated at the funeral services of the late “Mama Africa”
Madam Marian Kakeba and encouraged artists such as Sigbongibe Yvonne Chaka Chaka
amongst others to visit Liberia. Efforts were made towards revitalizing the Council of
Female Diplomats. Towards this end, the corps of female diplomats headed by the High
Commissioner of Canada, Egypt, Botswana amongst others were at the Airport to welcome
President Sirleaf during her recent visit for the Nelson Mandela Lecture Series.
The female Ambassadors also hosted lunches and farewell dinners for in coming female
Ambassadors and High Commissioners and for departing ones: Senegal, Egypt, Cyprus,
Burundi, etc. On the social scene there were a number of social unrests which resulted in
the targeting of diplomatic missions and their personnel. Affected Embassies were: Ghana,
Egypt, Tanzania, and Cyprus. There were serious strings of xenophobic attacks on foreign
nationals residing at displaced settlements which resulted in deaths and involuntary
PRESENTATION OF CREDENTIALS IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES
1. Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The
mission notes that with the necessary financial and moral support this mission as
well as the nine accreditations represents a unique opportunity for the development
of excellent bilateral relationships in all spheres of our interaction.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY, CAIRO, EGYPT
We are pleased to report that the Embassy has re-established excellent working relationship
with the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Government at all levels, thanks to
measures put in place to control all illegal activities previously conducted at the Embassy.
The Mission also enjoys excellent relations with all Diplomatic and Consular Missions, as
well as International Organizations accredited to the Arab Republic of Egypt.
During the period under review, the President of Liberia, H.E. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
transited through Cairo, Egypt, in route to Sharm El Sheikh to attend the African Union
Heads of State Summit. The President and delegation also passed through Cairo on their
way to the United States.
The relations between the Government of Liberia and the Arab Republic of Egypt are
characterized by cooperation and mutual respect. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
continues to provide favourable atmosphere for the smooth operation of the Embassy.
Within the framework of the Liberia-Egypt Technical Cooperation three Liberians
graduated from the Centre for Metallurgical Research & Development Institute with
certificates in Mineral processing technology. They are: Mr. Nathaniel G. Johnson III, Eric
Saygbe Kieh and Samuel Jason Summerville.
H.E. Olubanke King-Akerele, Minister of Foreign Affairs, took time off at the end of the
AU Meeting to pay a private visit to Cairo, Egypt, from July 2-3, 2008. Although that visit
was private, she availed herself of the opportunity to meet the Director of the Egyptian
Institute for Diplomatic Studies and the Suzanne Mubarak Movement for Peace and
Security, respectively. The Purpose of the meeting was to explore the training prospects for
cooperation between the Egyptian Institute for Diplomatic Studies and the Liberian Foreign
Service Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Liberia.
The immediate outcome of the Minister‟s interaction with Egyptian authorities was the
training of 24 Liberians at the Egyptian Institute for Diplomatic Studies in the Practice of
Diplomacy in late 2008 and the participation of an Egyptian trainer in a Course in Protocol
and Etiquette organized in Monrovia, Liberia. The Meeting with the Country Director of the
UNDP, Cairo evolved around ways and means to increase the involvement of UNDP
Liberia in the development agenda of Liberia within the context of south-south
Cooperation. Meeting held at the Susanne Mubarak Women International Peace Movement
centre in Cairo was an occasion for the Foreign Minister to brief authorities of the Centre
about the proposed “Angie Brooks International Centre on Women‟s Empowerment,
Leadership Development and Promotion of International Peace and Security” in Monrovia.
There is need for Government to review the problem of health insurance for Embassy staff
and their families given the high cost of medical services. In face of past fraudulent
activities that allegedly took place with the complicity of Embassy personnel among which
is the proliferation of Liberian Diplomatic Passports, there is need to put in place a control
mechanism to curtail this flow into the region. As a result of these unscrupulous activities in
the past, the case for security protection of Embassy officials becomes compelling. The
Egyptian Government is prepared to make available security protection at our Embassy,
provided the government of Liberia reciprocates the gesture.
Visit to the Jordanian Institute of Diplomacy, Amman, Jordan
The Ambassador initiated talks between the Embassy and the Jordanian Institute of
Diplomacy to explore the training prospects for Liberian diplomats and aspiring diplomats.
The on-going discussion could culminate in a memorandum of understanding to facilitate
Visit of the Women Group:
During the period under review, the Director of the International Colloquium on the
Women‟s Empowerment Leadership Development, International Peace and Security, Mrs.
Yvette Chesson-Wureh, led a three-man delegation to Cairo, Egypt, from September 10-
12, 2008. The members of the delegation were Mrs. Carole Tyson and Mrs. Adjoa Amana.
During their visit, they held fruitful discussions with members of Suzanne Mubarak
Women‟s International Peace Movement, and Officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
including, Mrs Fouad Shalaby, Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Director of
Cairo Institute of Diplomacy, Mr. Alaa Alaziz.
During the period under review, Ambassador Konah Blackett visited Kuwait to present his
letters of Credence to the Amir of Kuwait which he did on January 16, 2008. The Director-
General of the Kuwaiti Fund for Arab Economic Development during the meeting with
Ambassador Blackett pointed out that they were fully aware of the economic situation in
Liberia, and in the spirit of cooperation between the Government of Liberia and the Fund,
they are prepared to make some arrangements with the Government of Liberia for the
settlement of arrears and the eventual participation of the Fund in Liberia‟s Development
Program (details are contained in another more comprehensive report).
Report on China-Africa Sixth Senior Officials’ Meeting:
The Sixth Senior Officials‟ Forum on China-Africa Cooperation was held in Cairo, Egypt,
from the 17-19 October, 2008. It was attended by 40 African Countries, the People‟s
Republic of China, and Representatives from several Regional Organizations. At the
opening Ceremony, the Assistant Minister of Foreign affairs of Egypt, Ambassador Ibrahim
Ali Hassan, delivered a statement on behalf of H E Ahmed A. Gheit, Minister of Foreign
Affairs of Egypt, followed by a statement by Assistant Minister Zhai Yun on behalf of the
Chinese Government. Malawi was welcomed as a new member of the group.
Members of the Liberian delegation are:
1) H. E. Neh Dukuly-Tolbert
Ambassador of Liberia to China
Head of Delegation
2) H. E. Konah K. Blackett
Ambassador of Liberia to the
Arab Republic of Cairo
3) Hon. George Wisner
Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for African Asian Affairs, Member
During the general debate, the delegates discussed the report presented by Mme. Xu Jinghu,
Secretary General of FOCAC Chinese follow-up committee on the implementation of the
follow-up action plan of FOCAC Beijing Summit, the third Ministerial Conference and the
proposals for FOCAC development. However, the delegates agreed that the Declaration of
the Beijing Summit and the Forum on the Beijing Action Plan (2007-2009) are being
implemented, and applauded the achievements in the areas of political affairs, economy,
trade, social development, people to people exchanges and the institutional building of
Discussions were focused on China-Africa Agricultural Cooperation and Food Security and
Infrastructure. It was pointed out that the two sides should step up their efforts to promote
the Agricultural and infrastructural Cooperation to meet the challenges for food Security
and socio-economic development. The Chinese Government promised to continue to
encourage credible and well established Chinese enterprises to invest and carry out
cooperation in Africa, so as to contribute to the economic and social development in Africa.
African Diplomatic Corps
Meaningful cooperation with the AU missions has been an important focus of the Embassy
which continued to fully participate in the group‟s meetings, discussions and activities. His
Excellency Moussa Mohamed Ahmed, the Ambassador of the Republic of Djibouti
replaced H.E. Mouchili Ismaila of Cameroun as Dean of the African Diplomatic Corps.
There are at the present fifty (50) students studying at the Al-Azhar University both in
Cairo and Alexandria, respectively, under the Liberian/Egyptian Bi-lateral Scholarship
Program. It is pleasing to report that the students have remained law abiding and have not
engaged themselves in any negative activities
The Consular activities of this Mission consist of issuing visas, legalization of travel
documents for Liberian Citizens and renewal of Liberian Passports. During the period under
review, the consular fees collected amounted to $1,325.00. This amount was utilized to
assist with operational expensive, due to lack of sufficient budgetary provision.
Consulate - Alexandria
The Consulate in Alexandria has not been productive over the years because of the lack of
effective management technique and initiative. It is the proposed by the Ambassador to
reactivate that consulate as the Alexandria Port could become a lucrative venture provided
the individual selected for said position is competent, self-motivated, honest, and has great
leadership and management abilities. The consul, Mr. Alieu Massaquoi, assigned to the
Consulate in Alexandria was recalled from his post during the period under review.
MIDDLE EASTERN/ASIAN MISSIONS
LIBERIAN EMBASSY BEIJING
The year 2008 has been a very productive and eventful year in Sino-Africa relationship and
partnership. Liberia is particularly interested in broadening this partnership in the areas of
economic and trade cooperation, infrastructure, agriculture, energy, peace, security,
education, culture and health. The Liberian Embassy accredited to the People‟s Republic of
China continue to be headed by H.E. Ambassador Neh Dukuly Tolbert, assisted by Mr.
Mohammed B.O. Kenneth as Minister, Counsellor Mrs. Klanneh W. Bruce as First
Secretary and Consul, and Mr., Rudolph Sherman as Second Secretary and Vice Consul.
Liberia-China relations during the period under review have been productive, eventful, and
mutually rewarding. Liberia is particularly interested in broadening this partnership,
especially in areas of general economic cooperation, infrastructure development,
agriculture, energy, education, culture and health and security development.
The Visit to China of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf:
Her Excellency Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of the Republic of Liberia and
delegation transited through the People‟s Republic of China enroute to attend the TICAD
Meeting in Yokohama, Japan, on May 25-26, 2008. Upon arrival at the Beijing
International Airport on Sunday, May 25, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and delegation,
including the Minister of Planning and Economic Affairs, Dr. Togah G. McIntosh and the
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs for International Cooperation and Economic
Integration, Mr. Conmany B. Wesseh among others, were met by the Deputy Director
General of the Department of African Affairs of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
At the Diaoyutai State Guest House where the President resided, she held several meetings
with executives of the China Oil and Food Corperation (COFCO), China-Africa
Development Fund and Sino Steel Corporation. Among many issues discussed, rice was
priority on the President‟s agenda. During the President‟s stay in Beijing she was hosted to
a luncheon by the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Zhang Yesui and a diner hosted by
Her Excellency Ambassador Mrs. Neh Dukuly Tolbert at her residence in Beijing. The
President and delegation including H.E. Ambassador Neh Dukuly Tolbert left Beijing on
Monday, May 26 for Yokohama, Japan to attend the TICAD Meeting.
Visit of the Chief Justice of Liberia to China
His Honor the Chief Justice of Liberia, Johnnie Lewis at the head of a seven-man
delegation visited China from August 27 to September 2, 2008 at the invitation of his
Chinese counterpart. Chief Justice Lewis held discussions with the Vice President of the
Supreme People‟s Court of China Mr. Xiong Xuanguo and toured the middle and small-
sized courtrooms of the Supreme People‟s Court.
The Chief Justice and the Vice President of the Supreme People‟s Court of China made
exposée on their respective systems of the judiciary. The Liberian Chief Justice was
informed that China has 190,000 judges among which are 45,000 females. Among the
many issues that came up is the status of the case involving the murdered Chinese woman
in Monrovia. Chief Justice Lewis noted the similarities between the two judicial systems
which he said formed the basis for cooperation and exchanges. He explained to the Chinese
hosts that the alleged murderer of the Chinese citizen was undergoing mental examination
and that the case was still at the level of the Justice Ministry of Liberia.
Visit of top officials of the Unity Party to China
The Chairman of the ruling Unity Party of Liberia Dr. Charles Clarke accompanied by the
Party‟s Secretary General, Mr. Henry B. Fahnbulleh, Mr. Clemenceau Urey, First Vice
Chirman and Mr. Mambu David, Second Vice Chairman, arrived in Beijing on September
15, 2008 at the invitation of the International Department of the Communist Party of China.
According to the Vice Minister, the CPC has been following the progress made by the
Unity Party and its Standard Bearer, Mrs. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. He noted the important
role that women were playing in the political life of Liberia. Dr. Clarke and delegation held
talks with the Vice Minister of the international Department of the CPC with H.E.
Ambassador Neh Dukuly Tolbert in attendance.
Government Officials and Technicians who participated in training opportunities
About 100 officials and technicians from Liberia participated in various seminars,
workshops and training courses in China during the period in review. The topics that
brought the many participants from Liberia covered a variety of subject which include,
energy, diplomacy, economy and trade, education, telecommunications, information
technology, finance, arts and crafts, among others.
The Tappita Hospital in Nimba County
In April 2008, the agreement to build a 100 bed hospital in Tapita was signed by the Acting
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. William V.S.Bull, and the Chinese Ambassador Mr. Zhou
Yuxioa. Present at the ceremony at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs were the Ministers of
Health and Social Welfare and representatives of that Ministry, the Deputy Minister for
Administration Mr. Johnson Gwaikolo and Ambassador Neh Dukuly Tolbert accredited to
China and other officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Major events that occurred in China: a session of the National People‟s Congress (NPC)
and the Political Consultative Conference (PCC) of China: The first session of the National
People‟s Congress and the first session of the political consultative conference (PCC)
convened in Beijing March 3 and 5 respectively. In the wake of the series of disasters that
occurred in China especially the Snow Storm and the Earthquake, a meeting of ECOWAS
Ambassadors was convened under the deanship of the Togolese Ambassador. At the
meeting it was decided that member countries of ECOWAS should make a donation to the
Chinese Red Cross as a sign of solidarity with the Chinese Government and people. To this
end, the Embassy contributed a little more than $1500 equivalent in Rmb.
The world‟s biggest sporting event took place during the year in Beijing and other Chinese
cities (Tianjin, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai and Shenyang). The grand opening of
the games was held at the newly-build National Stadium (The Bird‟s Nest) under the
auspices of the Beijing Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games (BOCOG) and
attended by Chinese President Hu Jintao, Premier Wen Jiabao, all top officials of the CPC
and the State Council as well as more than 80 Royals, Heads of State and Government,
Prime Ministers, Ministers of Sports, Ambassadors accredited to China and other foreign
Liberia sent a delegation to the Beijing Olympic Games headed by the Minister of Youth
and Sports Mrs. Etmonia Tarpeh, and included the Liberian National Olympic Committee
President, Mr. Philibert Browne and the Chief de Mission, Ms. Gbour S. Wilson as well as
other officials and three athletes.
All China Women Federation:
During the year in review, H.E. Ambassador Neh Dukuly Tolbert held two separate
meetings with Madam Mu Hong, Deputy Director General of the All China Women
Federation in Beijing on the scheduled International Colloquium on Women Empowerment,
Leadership, Peace and Security to be held in Monrovia, Liberia, early 2009. On behalf of
the Co-Chair President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and the Organizing Committee, an invitation
was extended to Madam Mu and the women of China to participate in the Colloquium.
Liberian Residents in China
During the reporting period, Liberian residents in China were faced with numerous
problems ranging from illegal residence to fraud. Because of the hosting of the Beijing
Summer Olympics Games, the Public Security Bureau throughout China carried out very
stringent measures against foreign residents as a security check prior to the games. For
these reasons the visa renewal of all foreigners was discontinued in China. This situation
forced majority of the Liberian residents to leave the country. To date, only approximately
25 Liberians are now in Beijing. During the period under review, 22 Liberians were
registered making the total number of Registered Liberians to 134. The Consular Section
interacted with the Public Security authorities and Prisons Administration Bureau in
Beijing, Guangzhou and Dongguan Guangdong Province, to identify persons who were
detained and claiming to be Liberian citizens. Following verifications, some were proven to
be Liberians and some were not, but were using forged Liberian travel Documents.
The Consular and Visa Section of the Liberian Embassy, during the reporting period issued
a total of 337 visas in the following categories: Diplomatic/Official (39), Ordinary (230),
Emergency (57) and Multiple (11). From these Consular activities, the Embassy generated
$141,564.00 US and expended 77,516.00 US.
The Consular and Visa Section issued approximately 75 visas to Chinese Nationals invited
by the Chinese Embassy in Monrovia for the implementation of the China Aid Projects
including the Construction of school buildings in Liberia and other projects. In response to
concerns raised by this Embassy to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs concerning the issuance
of fraudulent Liberian visas by some Chinese Companies in China, the Liberian Foreign
Ministry has approved the replacement of the current wet stamp visa, currently being used
by this Embassy to the Sticker visa introduced recently by the Liberian Embassy in
Washington D.C, USA. The modalities are being worked out by the two missions (Beijing
and Washington) for its smooth implementation.
The Consular Section recommends the following:
a) That due to the influx of Liberians travelling to China for business and other
purposes, the Consular Section in Beijing is hereby recommending the opening of a
Liberian Consulate in three cities of China namely-Guangzhou, Shanghi, and
Shenyang and also one in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China.
b) Plans are afoot for reacting positively to the proposal for a Consulate General in
c) That the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, coordinate with the Ministry of Education in
Monrovia so that the allowances for all scholarship students be transmitted to
Beijing through the Liberian Embassy‟s account by the Central Bank of Liberia. This
is a serious concern and has been recommended by the students since they feel that it
is not safe to continue to send their allowances to an individual student for
disbursement. This measure, they feel will prevent any fraud or misunderstanding
regarding their allowances, and also ensure accountability.
There is a need for a comprehensive investment code to be prepared by the relevant
government ministries and agencies to include customs and tariffs regulations and
incentives for investors. This will indeed help to encourage and bring into the country
credible Chinese investors and business executives.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY, TOKYO
Relations between Liberia and Japan continue to be characterized by cordiality and
harmony in the spirit of a memorandum signed between the two countries on February 19,
1969, establishing full diplomatic relations at Ambassadorial level. Prior to the outbreak of
the Liberian civil crisis, Japan played a pivotal role in Liberia‟s development process by
granting technical assistance to the country in the areas of education, health, agriculture,
youth development and scholarships to Liberians to study in Japan. President Sirleaf‟s visit
to Japan signaled the Liberian Government‟s Commitment to maintain, enhance, and
promote continual bilateral and mutual ties of cooperation with the Japanese Government.
Presently, Japan has an Ambassador accredited to Liberia, His Excellency Masamichi
Ishikawa, with residence in Accra , Ghana .
For the time being, the Embassy in Tokyo is headed by Mr. Adams S. Bility, the First
Secretary/Consul as Charge d‟Affaires, a.i. assisted by a staff of seven. During the
period under review, The Embassy actively participated in several events including the
Inaugural Ceremony of the 17th President of the Republic of Korea, the African Festival
2008, and the African Diplomatic Corps Meeting in preparations for the TICAD Summit
among others. H. E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and delegation arrived in Tokyo for the
4th Tokyo International Conference on African Development on May 26, 2008 and
addressed the TICAD Summit on May 28, 2008. Under the Technical Cooperation
Program between Japan and Liberia, JICA will have several Liberian nationals from
different Ministries and Governmental Agencies participating in various Training Courses
in Japan. However results of an assessment mission from the Inspectorate Services to Japan
suggest some malpractices calling from a full audit in 2009.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY LONDON
During the year 2008, the diplomatic and local staff of this Embassy carried out their
duties of assignments in compliance with the directives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
of the Republic of Liberia . It is gratifying to report that the relations subsisting between
the Republic of Liberia , the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Ireland
and the Holy See have continued to be cordial and harmonious.
The Embassy also reported that an increasing number of the members of the business
community in the United Kingdom are interested in the investment potential of Liberia and
this interest is generated by the overall positive image enjoyed by President Ellen Johnson
Sirleaf. This advantage has also facilitated cordial interaction with both officials of the host
country as well as high-ranking diplomats resident in London. The President‟s popularity
has further granted the Embassy officials access to visit and discuss matters of interest to
our country with high-level members of major corporations in the United Kingdom .
Bilateral relations between the Republic of Liberia and the Holy See have also remained
amiable. During the period under review, the Head of this Mission visited the Vatican on
two occasions to hold discussions with Pope Benedict XVI and other high level members of
the Ecumenical Staff. In further developments regarding this Mission‟s multi-jurisdiction,
during the period under review, H.E. Mr. Wesley M. Johnson presented the Letters of
Credence by which Her Excellency Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf accredited him as Liberia‟s
Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland in a ceremony on November 25, 2008.
The Staff of the Liberian Mission at the Court of St. James is under the leadership of the
Ambassador and comprises two Ministers Plenipotentiary, two Ministers Counsellor, First
and Second Secretaries with Consular duties. The diplomatic staff is assisted by four local
personnel. It should be noted that during the period under review, Minister Plenipotentiary
and Deputy Head of Mission, Mr. Dorsey R. Hansford, completed his tour of duty at this
Mission and was transferred to the Embassy of Liberia near Cairo Egypt. Mr. Alexander
Wallace, Minister and Deputy Head of Mission arrived on December 5, 2008 to replace Mr.
Hansford. The mission has underscored the need for considerable renovation of their
premises with particular reference to the Boilers and its limited capacity. This is planned to
be effected in 2009.
The cordial relations subsisting between the Republic of Liberia and the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland remain affable and friendly. And being cognizant of the
scarcity of capital investments by industrialized countries into our part of the world, this
Mission decided to employ measures to influence positive decision-making in the halls of
British Parliament to substantially aid Liberia in the re-building of both our infrastructure
In this connection, it was decided to engage the assistance of a distinguished and reputable
citizen with impeccable credentials in good standing with the British political establishment
who would articulate the interests of Liberia . Consequently Lord Michael Jay, a member of
the House of Lords and Chairman of Merlin medical aid agency, was approached and
accepted to assist the Embassy in this endeavour.
In his initial attempt to raise Liberia ‟s profile, Lord Jay gave an interview to the BBC
News on September 25, 2008 regarding United Nations Development Goals, and argued
that the industrialized world must address the conflicts that prevent the achievement of
targets on health and human right. He then emphasized that “in Liberia, a period of stability
under President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has allowed health workers to deliver more
vaccinations, paving the way for a fall in infant mortality”. The Embassy awaits with
specific directive from Monrovia to Lord Jay‟s assistance.
During the period under review, the Embassy discussed and held a number of meetings with
investment and public relations consultants in a feasibility study to enable the hosting of the
first investment forum in London. The objective of this endeavour was to provide members
of the British business community who are desirous of exploring investment possibilities of
Liberia accurate information of its vast economic potential enabled by the favourable and
secure atmosphere for investments offered by our country. Unfortunately, due to financial
constraints the Embassy was obliged to postpone hosting the Forum to possibly 2009.
The Embassy also participated in meetings with various public and private groups and
attended social engagements including the annual Evening Reception for the Diplomatic
Corps hosted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace.
Liberia – Holy See Relations
As part of this Embassy‟s responsibilities, Ambassador Johnson travelled to the Vatican
City on 12 September 2008 , to attend a Church Conference and meet with officials of the
Holy See. Focusing on the necessity of Christian communication and togetherness, the
Conference provided the opportunity for both the Orthodox and Catholic Church to explore
areas for consensus in their ecumenical services to contribute to better understanding
among Christians worldwide. To this end the ceremony was presided over by Pope
Benedict XVI with the attendance of the Orthodox Bishop along with other members of the
During his visit to the Vatican , Ambassador Johnson joined the delegation of Hon. Joseph
N. Boakai, Vice President of the Republic of Liberia during his trip to Italy where the
University of Florence gave the Vice President three scholarships to enable Liberians study
up to Master Degrees in Agronomy.
Liberian Communities in the United Kingdom
During the period under review, members of the Liberian community met to discuss matters
of concern to their individual and collective communities. In view of the fact that Liberians
are disbursed across the length and breadth of the United Kingdom, with community
organizations in their respective areas, They decided to establish the Union of Liberian
Community Organizations (ULCO-UK) to coordinate the objectives of the various
Community Organizations. It is therefore noteworthy that through the efforts of the
ULOUK, and this Mission, a harmonious relationship between the Mission in the U.K. and
the Liberian communities in the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland has been greatly
During a recent meeting organized on September 26, 2008 between Dr. C. William Allen,
Director General of the Civil Service Agency and members of the Liberian Community, Dr.
Allen explained the Senior Executive Service Program, currently in progress in Liberia .
The Senior Executive Service Vacancies were published widely in the UK by the Mission
in collaboration with the Liberian community websites.
Liberia – Irish Relations
In furthering the already cordial ties between Liberia and the Republic of Ireland ,
Ambassador Wesley M. Johnson presented his Letters of Credence by which President
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf accredits him as Liberia ‟s first Ambassador to that country. In a
ceremony held in Dublin on the 25th of November, Ambassador Johnson was received by
the Irish President, Mrs. Mary McAleese along with her Minister of Foreign Affairs at the
official residence of the President of Ireland.
Delivering his presentation statement, Ambassador Johnson recalled the military assistance
of the Irish Government to the United Nations Mission in Liberia that ensured the
restoration of peace and security to Liberia, Ambassador Johnson expressed the thanks and
appreciation of the Government ad people of Liberia.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY PARIS
The Paris Embassy received and extended courtesies to many Liberian visitors both official
and private some of whom were hosted at the Residence. Headed by H.E. Ambassador D.
McKinley Thomas, the staff include three diplomats, 10 local employees and four Honorary
Consul, two located each in Greece and Spain. Consular activities at the Embassy include
the issuance of 447 ordinary visas, 70 diplomatic, 38 official, 3 attestations, 2 extracts of
birth certificate, 2 passport renewals and 1 legalization. Efforts ignited to regain Liberian‟s
chancery, the sale of which is under investigation with legal assistance in France.
Bilateral cooperation between Liberia and France has taken on an added dimension with the
signing of a Memorandum of Understanding which calls for assisting to strengthen the
capacity of the Liberian Immigration and Naturalization Service. The Memorandum
provides for the construction of Immigration and Customs Posts, at various border points.
This is part of the current 13,000,000.00 million euros, French bilateral assistance to
Liberia. Also forming part of this assistance is the mid-wife training program and the
teaching of the French language to Liberians under a scholarship program.
The relationship subsisting between the Embassy and the host government is very cordial
and will move to a higher level in the years ahead. The rapport with the rest of the
Diplomatic Corps in Paris is gratifying on every level.
POLITICS AND THE ECONOMY OF FRANCE
The Sarkozy led government made a major constitutional reform by amending 24 articles of
the French Constitution. France‟s economy is 65.4 percent free, according to the 2008
assessment, which makes it the world‟s 48th freest economy. Its overall score is 2.5
percentage points higher than last year. France is ranked 25th out of 41 countries in the
European region, and its overall score is lower than the regional average. However,
France‟s fiscal freedom and government size scores are extraordinarily weak. As in many
other European social democracies, government spending and tax rates are exceptionally
high to support an extensive welfare state. Government expenditures are more than half the
size of the nation‟s GDP.
The immediate challenges facing President Sarkozy led government will be to introduce
new labor legislation and reform the tax code to make work pay. France continues to be
both a driving force for further European integration and a major recipient of enormously
distorting agricultural subsidies under the European Union‟s Common Agricultural Policy.
Protectionist policies toward politically sensitive industries such as wine, cheese, and
mustard are likely to continue under Sarkozy, as is state intervention to protect French jobs
from the perceived pressures of globalization. The credit crunch which hit the United States
has engulfed the European markets leaving no nation-state untouched.
KINGDOM OF SPAIN
During the course of the year the Spanish Government continued to demonstrate its support
for Liberia. The Madrid Regional Government donated two fire trucks to the Government
of Liberia. Over 1.5 million euros have also been earmarked by the Regional Government
for assisting with the renovation and improving the capacity of the St. Joseph Catholic
Hospital, thus boosting the health sector.
The Spanish economy, the Euro zone‟s fourth largest, expanded 3.8 percent last year but
has since been hammered by the international lending crisis, rising interest rates, a housing
market collapse and record oil prices. Spanish inflation jumped to a new record high of 5.3
percent in July over the same time last year due largely to the soaring oil price of oil.
Our relations with Switzerland continue to improve. The Swiss have indicated their
satisfaction with the ongoing successful efforts of the Government of Liberia to retire the
outstanding obligations of the former Liberia Permanent Mission to the United Nations and
International Organizations in Geneva. Upon the settlement of more than two-thirds of our
total obligation of CHF 647,641.00, to Swiss companies and citizens, the Swiss
Government will facilitate the re-opening of our resident Permanent Mission to the United
Nations in Geneva. Additionally, the Canton of Geneva will now include Liberia in its
LDC‟s program, thereby enabling Liberia to receive rental subsidy for the Permanent
Mission Offices up to an amount of CHF 3000 (Swiss francs). Ambassador McKinley
Thomas is to be credited for this.
Switzerland‟s economy is based on a highly qualified labor force performing highly skilled
job. The main areas include micro technology, hi-tech, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals,
as well as banking and insurance know-how. The service sector now employs the greatest
number of people. Most employees work in Switzerland are employed by small and
medium-sized enterprises, which play an extremely important role in the Swiss economy.
The Swiss are concerned that economic activity should have as little impact as possible on
the environment. Switzerland‟s energy and transport policies aim to be environmentally
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA
On 4 December 2008, Ambassador D. McKinley Thomas presented his credentials to the
Director General of the United Nations Office in Geneva, co-accrediting him as
Ambassador / Permanent Delegate of Liberia to the United Nations Office at Geneva.
Although the Ambassador will be non-resident, it is envisioned that a resident Permanent
Mission Office will be opened in Geneva by the end of March or April 2009. We have
recommended that the Permanent mission Office be initially staffed with 1 diplomat, 1
administrative officer (local staff) and 1 secretary/receptionist (local staff).
REPUBLIC OF GREECE
Greek ship owners continue to favour the Liberia Maritime registry and are expected to
place a significant number of new buildings under our flag. During the course of this year,
the Greek Government through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation organized
a symposium for encouraging Greek private investment in Africa, to which Liberia was
invited to attend. The main areas of concentration are expected to be agro-industries and
fisheries. It is expected that a Greek trade delegation will travel to Liberia in 2009.
In the last three years, the Greek economy has been expanding at an average annual rate of
4%, one of the highest rates in the Euro zone. Its growth rate for 2008 reach 3.4% as
opposed to the 1.7% growth rate expected for the Euro zone. The European Commission
forecasts that in 2009 it will remain high at 3.3% as opposed to 1.5% in the Euro zone.
Greece is a gateway to Southeast Europe. More than 3,600 Greek firms and more than
3,000 branches of Greek banks operate in Southeast European countries and have invested
over E15bn. Greece is strategically placed on the East-West energy corridor. The Turkey-
Greece-Italy (TGI ) Interconnector brings natural gas from the Caspian Sea to Europe. The
Turkey-Greece section was completed in November 2007 and the part linking Greece to
Italy is expected to be completed by the end of 2012.
Greece and Russia have signed an agreement for the construction and operation of the
Greek section of a natural gas project which will bring gas from Russia to various parts of
Europe. This project is scheduled to be completed in 2015. Greece also receives liquefied
gas from Algeria. Greece owns the largest fleet in Europe and the third largest in the world.
REPUBLIC OF PORTUGAL
Portugal has made significant progress in raising its standard of living to that of its EU
partners. Gross Domestic Product (GDP ) per capita on a purchasing power parity basis rose
from 51% of the EU average in 1985 to 78% in early 2002. By 2005 this had dropped to
72% of the average across all of now 25 EU members, including seven with GDP per capita
lower than Portugal as GDP per capita rose in other EU countries.
The Portuguese government supports foreign investors and market economy. It ensures
repatriation of profits and capital invested in Portugal and guarantees equal access to all
sectors of the economy. Portugal‟s economy is based on industries such as textiles,
clothing, footwear, cork and wood products, beverages (wine), porcelain and earthenware,
glass and glassware. In addition, the country has increased its role in Europe‟s automotive
sector and has a world-class mold-making industry. The government is working to change
Portugal‟s economic development model from one based on public consumption and public
investment to one focused on exports, private investment, and development of the high-tech
UNESCO, PARIS – FRANCE
Our representation at UNESCO needs to be strengthened. We continue to participate in the
various group meetings of the Organization and maintain cordial relations and good rapport
with the permanent delegations. One of the concrete results obtaining from this course of
action is evidenced by the recent donation of the Italian Government through UNESCO, for
the support of war-affected girls and women‟s education in Liberia.
LIBERIAN EMBASSY – BERLIN
Grmany is a Federal Government. It has a President but its politics take place in a
framework of a Federal Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic, whereby the
Federal Chancellor is the head of Government who exercises Executive Power.
Grmany is a huge country with a vast population of 82.5 million. It drives the economic life
of Europe and thereby the well-being of an increasing number of its neighbours. Main
exports from Germany are motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers, electrical machinery,
chemicals and chemical products.
Under this reporting period, bilateral relations between Germany and Liberia saw
meaningful gestures of encouragement. The German Government graciously waived
US$400 million bilateral debt owed by Liberia. Subsequently, the government not only
announced that it is ready to cancel all other bilateral debt which Liberia owes to Germany,
but also campaigned for debt relief for Liberia in the World Bank‟s Development
Committee and in numerous meetings with creditor countries. These support helped Liberia
to arrive at the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries decision point.
As a result of the clarion call of President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf on international partners to
step up support for Liberia‟s Poverty Reduction and Reconstruction Program, the 2008
Liberia Poverty Reduction Forum was held in Berlin during the period under review. The
Forum was held in order to engender rapid, inclusive and sustainable development in
Liberia. It was hosted by the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development
and financed by the World Bank. At the end of the Forum, a press release issued indicated
that Liberia‟s international partners confirmed their support to the tune of US$250 to 300
million in 2008/2009 in consonance with Liberia‟s highest development priorities. They
committed about US$115 million through the Liberia Reconstruction Trust Fund. An
additional US$140 million from the World Bank and African Development Bank was
earmarked to support infrastructure financing over the ensuing three years. In a statement
at the opening session of the Poverty reduction forum, the German Minister of Economic
Corporation and Development Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul not only announced a grant of
ten million euros towards the Liberia Reconstruction Trust Fund.
ACTIVITIES AT THE LIBERIAN EMBASSY IN BERLIN:
As indicated earlier in this report, the Embassy effectively completed the move from Bonn
to Berlin in January of this reviewing period. The present staff of the Embassy consists of
the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Mrs. Sedia Massaquoi Bangoura and
seven other employees including two diplomatic staff.
Liberians in the Federal Republic of Germany
Our interactions with citizens of Liberia living in Germany have been cordial. Germany
adheres to the norms of international human rights, and being very strict on immigration
procedures, routinely accepts asylum seekers into Germany who give life-threatening
stories upon arrival. As such, they are allowed to remain in the country; but after six months
they are arraigned to the Embassy for nationality verification. Though some of these people
were found not to be citizens of Liberia: but those that were found to be bona-fide citizens
of Liberia were assisted by the Embassy in obtaining resident permits
With the relocation from Bonn to Berlin, the building which formerly housed the Liberian
Embassy, situated in Bonn, Mainzer Strasse 259 was sold in the Second half of the year
with the approval of the President Her Excellency Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Proceeds
from the sale are earmarked to meet GOL municipality obligation in Germany, repair and
renovation of the Embassy in Sweden for leasing, repair and renovation of other GOL
properties overseas, as well as other obligations and legal costs for retrieving GOL assets
overseas, amongst others.
The politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative
democratic constitutional monarchy. Executive power is exercised by the government, led
by the Prime Minister of Sweden. Legislative power is vested in both the government and
parliament elected within a multi-party system. The judiciary is independent and appointed
by the government for life.
The economy of Sweden is modern and highly industrialized. It has modern distribution
system, excellent internal and external communications, and a skilled labour force. Timber,
hydropower, and iron ore constitute the resource base of an economy heavily oriented
toward foreign trade. The main industries include motor vehicles, telecommunications,
pharmaceuticals and forestry.
Immediately before the period under review, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf visited
Sweden and held bilateral talks with Swedish government officials. In her talks with Ms.
Gunilla Carlsson, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency Minister,
Sweden pledged to support Liberia‟s efforts to achieve national reconstruction and renewal.
As a result of request during President Johnson-Sirleaf‟s discussions, the Swedish
government responded positively and provided US$3 million to support Liberia school
Feeding Program. It also provided US$1 million to help the work of the Truth and
Reconciliation Commission, US$1 million for Liberia‟s Senior Executive Service and an
additional US$1.6 million for labour intensive community program.
Under the same period, November 1, 2007, Mrs. Sedia Massaquoi Bangoura presented her
letter of credence to the government of Sweden as Liberia‟s Ambassador to Sweden
resident in Berlin. To further strengthen the cordial relations and foster the bilateral ties
already existing happily between Sweden and Liberia and promote multilateral cooperation
that would mutually benefit our respective Governments and peoples. Renovation of
Embassy premises in Sweden is underway with plans to lease it out. Once this has been
affected, proceeds from that are to be used for operation of diplomatic presence in Sweden
under the Embassy in Germany.
The politics of Norway takes place in a framework constitutional monarchy. Executive
power is exercised by the King and his council. The cabinet is led by the Prime Minister of
Norway. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Storting, elected
within a multi-party system. The Judiciary is independent of the executive branch and the
The economy of Norway has shown robust growth since the start of the industrial era,
although sensitive to global business cycles. Shipping has long been a support of Norway‟s
export sector, but much of its economic growth has been fuelled by an abundance of natural
resources, including petroleum exploration and production, hydroelectric power, and
fisheries. Agriculture and traditional heavy manufacturing have suffered relative decline
compared to services and oil-related industries. The public sector is among the largest in the
world as a percentage of the overall gross domestic product. Norway has a very high
standard of living compared with other European countries and an excellently integrated
NORWAGIAN -LIBERIA RELATION
In October 2007 just before this reporting period, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf paid a
two-day official visit to Oslo, Norway. At the onset of that visit she held an impromptu
meeting with Liberian residing there. The government of Liberia is supported by Norway in
electricity restoration efforts. It still provides assistance to Liberia with humanitarian and
developmental activities. On November 15, of the same period, Mrs. Sedia Massaquoi
Bangoura presented her Letters of Credence to the government of Norway as Liberia‟s
Ambassador to Norway, resident in Berlin.
POLITICS OF AUSTRIA
The Politics of Austria take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative
democratic republic, with a Federal Chancellor as the head of government. The Federal
President is Head of State. executive power is exercised by the government, both local and
federal. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two Chambers
of Parliament, the national council and the conservative Austrian People‟s Party (OVP) and
the centre-left Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPO). The judiciary is independent of
the executive and the legislature.
ECONOMY OF AUSTRIA
The economy of the Republic of Austria may be characterized as a social market economy
similar in structure with that of Germany. Its industries have a global reputation for high
standards of production and service. Spread throughout Austria, they consists of the
production of textile, glass, electrical goods, chemicals, steel, iron, metals, machinery,
pesticides, pharmaceuticals, plastics, optical equipment, generators and food products.
The Berlin Mission is working relentlessly with Government in order to continue
maintaining excellent relations with Austria although diplomatic presence there has been
minimal since the closure of the consulate and appointments of honorary consul revoked in
August 2007. Nevertheless, on September 15, 2008, Mrs. Sedia Massaquoi Bangoural
presented her letter of credence to the Austrian Government as Liberia‟s Ambassador to
Austria and on September 30, 2008, to the United Nations in Vienna, resident in Berlin.
In our efforts to further strengthen diplomatic relations and to promote Liberia in Austria
and at the United Nations and other multilateral institutions, the government of Liberia has
maintained its presence through the Embassy in Berlin at conferences in Vienna. To
epitomize the level of government‟s representation in Austria, a diplomatic presence was
established in Vienna under the Embassy in Germany effective October 1, 2008, with the
understanding that the Government of Austria would reimburse the cost of operating a
premise in Vienna as part of Government of Austria assistance to Liberia, in line with a
similar policy to other LDC‟s.
Politics of Denmark:
The politics of Denmark takes place within in a framework of a constitutional monarchy.
The Prime Minister is the head of government. Denmark has a multi-party system.
Executive power is exercised by the government with the Prime Minister acting as primus
inter pares. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Danish Parliament.
Economy of Denmark:
Denmark has a small but open, and flexible economy. With very few natural resources, the
economy of Denmark relies almost entirely on human resources. The service sector makes
up the vast arena for employment and the economy. Its industrialized market economy
depends on imported raw materials and foreign trade. It is self-sufficient in energy.
Denmark produces oil, natural gas, wind and bio-energy. Its principal exports are
machinery, instruments and food products. Among major Danish exports are industrial
machinery, chemical products, furniture, pharmaceuticals, and canned ham and pork.
Liberia has maintained longstanding cordial relations with Denmark. Commercial relations
as well as bilateral assistance to Liberia date back as far as 1962 and throughout the 1970s.
As a result of agreement signed between Liberian and the East Asiatic Company Ltd.
Copenhagen, the development of the Liberia Produce Marking Corporation (LPMC) was
enhanced. The Danish government has provided experts to assist Liberia in expanding tree
crops such as coffee, cocoa and rice production. Also assisting the Liberian Government,
Denmark focused on agriculture, clean drinking water and electricity. The Danish
Government has made many contributions and donations as well as signed numerous
bilateral agreements for the development of Liberia over the years.
Recently the Minister for Development of the Kingdom of Denmark, Madam Ulla Torneas,
visited Liberia as guest of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. During that august visit, an
agreement on the cancellation of US$30 million bilateral debt Liberia owes Denmark was
signed. In addition to the foregoing, Denmark committed US$22 million to enhance women
and children empowerment programs in Liberia under MDG-3 of the Millennium
Development Goals. Denmark has chosen Liberia as a model country towards efforts to
achieve the Millennium Development Goal-3, and further Denmark‟s generosity will go a
long way in helping Liberia make progress in the global campaign to enhance women‟s
empowerment by the year 2015.
Politics of Finland:
The Politics of Finland takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative
democratic republic and of a multi-party system. The President of Finland is the Head of
State, leads the foreign policy, and is the Commander-In-Chief of the Defence Forces. The
Prime Minister of Finland is also the head of government. Executive power is exercised by
the government. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Finland, and the
government has limited rights to amend or extend legislation. The president has the power
of veto over parliamentary decisions although it can be overrun by the parliament. The
Judiciary is independent of the executive and the Legislature. The Judiciary consists of two
systems, regular courts and administrative courts, headed by the Supreme Court and the
Supreme Administrative court, respectively.
Economy of Finland
Finland has a highly industrialized, free-market economy with a per capital output equal to
that of other Western Economies such as France, Germany, Sweden or the United
Kingdom. The largest sector of the economy is services, followed by manufacturing,
refining and primary production. The largest industries are electronics, machinery, vehicles
and other engineered metal products, and chemicals. Finland has timber, several mineral
and freshwater resources. Forestry, paper factories, and the agricultural sector on which
taxpayers spend around 2 billion euro annually, are politically sensitive issue to rural
To give a boost to Finland-Liberia relations, Mrs. Sedia Massaquoi Bangoura presented her
Letters of Credence to the Government of Finland on September 11, 2008 as Liberia‟s
Ambassador to Finland, resident in Berlin. The diplomatic staff at the Berlin Mission
continue to be relentless in their efforts to contribute immensely to the success of the
ensuing International Women‟s Colloquium which was earlier scheduled for 2009 in
Financial and Consular Operations at The Embassy in Berlin:
Consular activities at this Mission continued to improve especially with respect to visa
processing. Holders of German passports or permit of residence constituted a significant
number of visa applicants including other EU countries that fall within the jurisdiction of
this Mission. Remittances for operational cost improved dramatically during the period
under review. We hasten to express our thanks and appreciation for the very good work of
this Administration in which good governance as well as transparency is prevailing. Out of
the four hundred forty (440) visas issued during the period under review, 164 were gratis
due to diplomatic privileges and immunities. Other consular activities such as renewal of
passports, legalization of documents, etc. were minimal.
NORTH AMERICAN MISSIONS
LIBERIAN EMBASSY WASHINGTON, D.C.
The Embassy of the Republic of Liberia in Washington, DC, reports that during period
covering January 1 through December 31, 2008, the Embassy continued to perform its role
in enhancing the bilateral and cordial relations between Liberia and the United States of
Liberia, with particular emphasis in promoting the national interest of the country. Under
the sagacious Presidential leadership of Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the Embassy
has continued to advance the interest of government, country and people of Liberia in the
United States, including keeping abreast of America‟s changing political landscape, its geo-
political and economic stance as the sole super power of the world. It should be noted that
the period under review witnessed a continuing surge in the improvement of the cordial
relations between Liberia and the United States, highlighted by the historic State Visit to
Liberia in February, 2008, by President George W. Bush, as part of a five-nation tour of
Africa. The visit served as a platform for the two leaders and peoples to celebrate the
resurgence of relations between two traditional allies and the concrete strides Liberia has
made on the road to recovery and national reconstruction.
The report also reflects on four visits to the United States by President Sirleaf, which
included convocation speeches at her Alma Mater, JFK School of Government; University
of Indiana and Dartmouth College in New Hampshire; addressed the Sixty-third Session of
the United Nations General Assembly in New York and participated in the White House
Summit on International Development which was further climaxed by a final Oval Office
meeting with President Bush. Other senior officials of the government also made official
visits to the United States of America.
The reporting period also recalls the successful end of the tour of duty of Ambassador
Charles A. Minor on September 15, 2008, after nearly five years as Liberia‟s Ambassador
to the United States at which time relations between Liberia and the United States were
significantly resuscitated. Of equal relevance was the presentation of the Letters of
Credence to President George W. Bush by Ambassador M. Nathaniel Barnes on September
17, 2008, as Liberia‟s Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States
of America, replacing Ambassador Minor. Ambassador Barnes‟ relatively brief tenure has
been marked by aggressive pursuit of Liberia‟s interest in the United States and the
involvement of the Liberian Diaspora Community in the country‟s development agenda
The period under review further recalls the historic milestone ushered in by the spectacular
election of President Barrack H. Obama as the Forty-fourth and first African American
President of the United States of America. His nomination in Denver, Colorado, in late
August as the Democratic Candidate for the November 4 election set the stage for enhanced
global interest in US political affairs as to whether an African American whose father was a
Kenyan could lead the free world. For many, Obama‟s Presidency represents how far the
prolonged subjugation of African Americans has evolved and the resultant expectation that
the American dream is achievable by all Americans, with determination and courage.
The Political and Economic Situation
The month of January 2008 was highlighted by the State of the Union Address, the last of
Hon. George W. Bush as President of the United States before the 110th Congress, in which
he predicted that “in the long term, Americans can be confident about their economic
growth,” though in the immediate term “growth is slowing”. In his address, the President
appealed to Congress to implement, among others, making permanent his tax relief
program, passing legislation to make Americans to keep their homes which were threatened
by foreclosures. He further entreated the lawmakers to work with his Administration to
break down barriers to trade and investment as well as work towards a successful Doha
Rounds of Trade negotiation ; passing legislation that bans unethical practices such as
buying, selling or cloning of human life ; and creating lawful means for foreign workers to
come to the United States of America to pursue gainful employment and support the
economy thereby taking the pressure off the border and allowing law enforcement to
concentrate on those who mean America harm.
President Bush promised to “deliver justice to the enemies of America” and that defeating
the Taliban and al- Qaida was crucial to the nation‟s security. On the fight against global
poverty, he underscored that America is leading and pointed to instrument such as the
Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) which strengthens democracy, transparency and the
rule of law in developing countries and further called on Congress to double the initial
commitment to fighting HIV/AIDS by providing an additional $30 billon over the next five
years. By far, President Bush is credited to have pursued a more robust African policy than
any of his predecessors in recent memory.
Notably, there are two important phenomena that underpinned the dynamics of politics in
the United States. One is the large number of young first time voters who have become
extremely active in politics and seem to identify more with the Democrats. Secondly, a new
way of campaign fundraising of small amounts from several donors over the internet
resulting in massive amounts gave substantial edge to the Democrats in total amounts raised
for the election. It is widely noted that Obama‟s Campaign was by far superior in tactics,
substance and in responding to the challenges of the country than any political campaign in
Whilst most Americans celebrate with majority of the world community the emergence of a
new and vibrant leader of the free world in person of President Obama, is faced with the
task of restructuring the crumbling economy as the first and top priority of his
administration, not to mention the continuing mortgage, banking and energy crisis along
with the resultant rise in commodity prices as well as other costs of living malaise. The
economy is followed by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, healthcare, terrorism and
immigration. Coupled with the enormous socio-economic challenges, there are also the
important questions of foreign policy which centre on winning the war against radical
Islamic fundamentalism, nuclear proliferation, the Middle East, globalization, free trade and
U.S. relations with the rest of the world community. Other domestic concerns include
education, taxes, environment and rebuilding of old infrastructures among others.
With reference to the international economic situation, forecast of the future remains
oblique and difficult times are to be expected as the industrial world led by the United
States continues to experience severe economic melt down. In light of these adverse
circumstances, the developing world may experience even hasher conditions in the face of
dwindling direct foreign investments and other forms of bilateral assistance. Thus, foreign
governments are foreworn to prepare for this economic crash landing.
Liberia/U. S. Relations
The breakthrough that gave rise to the National Transitional Government of Liberia as a
result of the Accra Peace Agreement in August 2003, laid the bedrock in the improvement
of U. S. /Liberia relations in the post conflict era. The reinvigorated relations between these
two traditional allies were further strengthened by the successful presidential and general
elections of October 2005, which culminated into the inauguration of the first
democratically elected woman President on the African Continent and of Liberia, Her
Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Her administration‟s aggressive agenda of security
sector reform, poverty reduction, restructuring of the infrastructure, economic
transformation through fiscal prudence and accountability, stemming down corruption as
well as the strict adherence to the rule of law and promotion of good governance and human
rights among others, endeared President Johnson Sirleaf to the U. S. administration as a
new breed of African leader. With this newly enhanced partnership, the United States has
assumed the leading role in Liberia‟s recovery and socio-economic development through
the restructuring of the Armed Forces of Liberia, debt relief, direct economic and financial
assistance and other forms of support that are channelled through U. S. agencies and non-
As a mark of respect and cordial relations subsisting between the two countries and leaders,
President Bush invited his counterpart, President Johnson Sirleaf to a White House Summit
on International Development in October as a representative of global leaders that is
determined to bring democracy and development to her people. The meeting discussed
global economic development, good governance as well as the building of democracy
around the world.
At the Summit, President Johnson Sirleaf delivered an impressive speech on the
« Importance of Country Ownership and Good Governance », and underscored, among
other things, the relevance of participatory democracy in which the people are involved in
basic decision-making of their countries, and warned that in these times of global economic
crises, the developed world should resist any temptation to reduce valuable assistance to
developing and poor countries, which would be counterproductive to stability, creation of
democracies as well as the expansion of economic opportunities around the globe. She
gave an overview of Liberia‟s progress and challenges and praised the efforts of various
leaders in Africa for enunciating prudent fiscal policies that are leading to economic
emancipation of their peoples.
President Johnson Sirleaf had the distinct honor and opportunity of introducing President
Bush at the Summit where she lauded his vigorous Africa policy and noted that partnering
with the United States has made a success story of the Liberian situation for which
Liberians everywhere are grateful.
Establishment of a Satellite Office in Philadelphia
During the reporting period, the Embassy, with the approval of the Ministry established a
Satellite Office in Philadelphia to coordinate Trade and Investment in the sub-region of
Pennsylvania, Delaware and New Jersey, which has witnessed a growing interest from
potential investors in Liberia. The Embassy‟s move is seen as an aggressive step to attract
foreign investments into Liberia, which is a top priority for the government‟s development
Liberia Selected for MCC Threshold Program
During the period under review, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Board of
Directors selected Liberia as being eligible for its threshold program, thereby enabling the
country to benefit from grants that are intended for “reform-minded governments”.
This was a milestone achievement for Liberia as the MCC selects countries for its threshold
and compact programs based on 17 indicators to assess candidate countries performance in
three areas – ruling justly, investing in people and encouraging economic freedom. The
MCC Chief Executive Officer, Ambassador John Danilovich noted that “Over the past
several years, Liberia‟s performance has improved significantly on many of the MCC
eligibility indicators. The Board took note of the strong evidence of Liberia‟s commitment
to reform that will foster economic growth and poverty reduction”.
President Johnson Sirleaf noted that the MCC has had a transformative effect across the
developing world. Responsible, reform-minded governments have set their sights on the
MCC benchmarks, and this has accelerated the pace of reform while empowering
governments to make decisions on their own path of development and direction of their
future. This stands in stark contrast with a half-century of development policy that saw
trillions of dollars invested into Africa, and elsewhere, with shockingly limited returns”.
IV. The Embassy and the U.S. Congress
The cordial relations between Liberia and the United States have permeated the American
society in the forms of receptivity and goodwill towards the Liberian Government and
people. As such, the United States Congress has continued to be receptive to the Embassy
in its quest to promote Liberia‟s interest, including but not limited to approval of funds
earmarked for economic assistance to the country and the question of legal status for
Liberians in the United States of America.
The Embassy in association with various Liberian community organizations and friendly
groups has continued to pay courtesy visits to interested Congressional delegations,
including Rhode Island, Michigan, Minnesota as well as Georgia to keep alive the issue of
Permanent Residence for Liberians who are on Deferred Enforcement Departure (DED),
which will expire March 31, 2009. In these meetings, it became demonstrably clear that due
to the sensitive nature of immigration in the country at this time, and although there is
sympathy for humane consideration of the Liberian situation by Congress, it was imprudent
particularly during an election year, to bring the matter for discussion before the 110th
It may be recalled that the personal intervention of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in these
negotiations at the highest levels was pivotal in the issuance of the 18-month DED by the
Bush Administration. Similar appeal was made by President Sirleaf when the two leaders
met in the Oval Office in October during the White House Summit on International
Development. President Bush at the time agreed in principle that Liberians should not be
forced to return home without adequate preparation, particularly when the policies of the
Sirleaf administration have not taken root sufficiently to absorb huge number of returnees to
Liberia. Moreover, such a move would be counterproductive to U.S. interest and investment
Meanwhile, with the election of President Obama and with a Democratic majority in
Congress the prospect of extending the DED in March is promising. It should, however, be
noted that a lasting solution to the situation is the U.S. Congress enactment of a bill that will
grant Permanent Residence to all Liberians concerned. Also during the reporting period, an
economic assistance bill, Liberia Seeds Act of 2009, was tabled in the House of
Representatives detailing $225 million from FY 2009 through FY 2013 that will seek to
provide critical assistance to the country in ensuring that post-war rebuilding efforts result
in durable consolidation of peace, lay the groundwork for free market-driven economic
growth, national development and poverty reduction, improve governance, security and
above all to prevent the recurrence of armed conflict and to protect U. S. investments in
Liberia. This bill has been coordinated by Congressman Jessie Jackson, Jr. of Illinois with
the alliance of Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California.
Embassy and Other U. S. Federal and State Entities
As noted supra, the Embassy‟s role extends far beyond activities involving the State
Department, White House and Congress to include other Federal and State entities. During
the month of April, the Embassy participated in the second dialogue held at Airlie House,
Warrenton, Virginia which brought together senior African Diplomats and Defence
Officials and their United States counterparts on the important question of AFRICOM.
Also during the period under review, the Embassy held discussions with USAID concerning
the Agency‟s scope of operation in Liberia as well as the global food crisis with a view of
attenuating the effects. It was intimated to USAID that government removed tariffs on rice
imports as a short-term measure to ease the situation, which if not properly managed could
engender tension in the country with grave consequences. The meeting identified short-term
and long-term measures, including improved regional trade, agricultural research and
production, large investment in food production, use of science and technology to boost
agricultural production and the establishment of self-sufficiency in food production as an
Visits of Senior Government Officials to Washington, D.C.
During the period under review, the following senior officials visited the US Capital for
official duties. Hon. William V. S. Bull, Principal Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs was a
member of the Liberian delegation to the Sixty-third session of the United Nations General
Assembly, and paid a working visit to Washington, DC as guest of the US Foreign Service
Institute where he held discussions with the Director, Ruth A. Whiteside and was escorted
by Ambassador Barnes on. Lawrence Bropleh, Minister of Information, Culture and
Tourism was also member of the Liberian delegation to the Sixty-third session of the
United Nations General Assembly. He used his visit to brief members of the Liberian
communities in Washington, D.C. Metro area, Philadelphia, Atlanta and New York on the
progress and challenges facing the government. The Minister was accompanied by Deputy
Chief of Mission, Edwin F. Sele who introduced Minister Bropleh at these meetings.
1. The senators of Maryland, Montserrado, Grand Cess and River Gee counties
were guests of the US Congress, and had the opportunity to discuss with their US
counterparts, and learned of the activities of the various standing committees of
the House of Senate. The senators were treated to lunch at the Embassy.
Ambassador Charles A. Minor Ends Tour of Duty
Following nearly five years as Liberia‟s Ambassador to the United States of America, H. E.
Charles A. Minor ended a very successful tour of duty on September 15, 2008. It should be
recalled that Ambassador Minor was appointed by H. E. Gyude Bryant, Chairman of the
National Transitional Government of Liberia in 2004, and was subsequently reappointed by
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in 2006. The Ministry commends the very significant
achievements of his tour of duty.
Ambassador M. Nathaniel Barnes Presents Letters of Credence
Two days after the departure of Ambassador Minor, H.E. M. Nathaniel Barnes presented
his Letters of Credence to Hon. George W. Bush, President of the United States of America
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Liberia to the United States of
America on September 17, 2008. Ambassador Barnes moved swiftly with courtesy calls on
his colleagues, senior officials of the US Government, Congressional delegations, business
executives as well as heads of religious and academic institutions that continue to manifest
interests in Liberia‟s recovery and development, with a view of strengthening the already
cordial and strong bilateral relations existing between the two countries and peoples.
Upon taking over as head of the Embassy, Ambassador Barnes underscored the importance
of the Liberian Diaspora and the need to involve this important sector of the community in
the ongoing recovery and development of the country, particularly the implementation of
the government‟s Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS). It is the Embassy‟s desire to tap into
the economic and intellectual means of this unique grouping in order to expeditiously
harness its potential. The government has already approved the Embassy‟s recommendation
of establishing a fifteen-member Diaspora Advisory Board that will liaise with the
Embassy to achieve its goals.
1. Another important aspect of our Strategic Plan relates to the Focus Document on
the Current Deportation of Liberians under INA 212 (a) (2) & INA (a) (2) that
was also submitted to government during the reporting period for its inputs and
subsequent negotiation with relevant US authorities and agencies. The document
involves a critical review of the current method of removal of Liberians and
identifies associated problems as well as solutions in the mutual interests of both
countries. The current method as perceived by the Embassy constitutes risks to
national, regional and international peace and security.
2. Additionally, serious efforts are being made to improve the Technology (IT)
situation at the Embassy, including the setting-up of a new and updated
interactive website, official email addresses for staff members, and computerized
data processing of consular services and financial records of the Embassy among
others. In the interest of image-building, easy access to information and better
productivity, the Embassy has embarked upon creating the appropriate working
environment that will reflect the dynamics of the time.
Activities of the Embassy
These Consular activities witnessed a hundred fold increase in the last three years, due
primarily to improvements in the Liberian situation, the increased interactions between
Liberia and the United States, and the improved capacity of the Embassy to track all
activities and account for them through the use of tamper proof Consular instruments and
the adoption of a cross check system so that no one individual is exclusively responsible for
In the midst of life is death, and no one is immune to it and the pains it brings to those who
have lost their loved ones. But we are always comforted in the knowledge that when we
believe and trust, then there is life eternal. During this reporting period, the following
former Officials of Government and Prominent Citizens departed our world for the
Honourable Isaac Charyien Nyeplu,
Former Minister of Justice & Attorney General,
Republic of Liberia
Counsellor Lawrence Alford Morgan,
Former Senator Grand Bassa County
Honourable Kebbeh Ballah Zuku Freeman,
Former Member House of the House of Representatives, Montserrado County
Honourable James Kla Giko,
Former Member and First Deputy Speaker,
Transitional Legislative Assembly (TLA)
Honourable John D.Lasana, Sr.,
Stipendiary Magistrate of Arthington City, Montserrado County
Honourable Isaac Saye Mussah,
Former Vice Chairman of the Second National Transitional Government of Liberia
His Excellency Mr. Francis Alphonso Dennis, Sr.,
Former Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Former Minister Counsellor/Press Attaché
Rev. Nathaniel T. Dixon
Former Press and Financial Attaché
Rev. Dr. Advertus Arthur Hoff, Sr.,
Former Minister of Education
Honourable Nora Lovo Korvah,
Former Deputy Minister for Operation, Ministry of Gender & Development
Honourable Joseph K. Yourwatei, Sr.,
Former Deputy Minister for Operation, Ministry of Internal Affairs
Honourable Nathaniel Reginald Richardson, Jr.,
Former Director, Liberian Geological Survey
Honourable Frederick Russell Deshield, Sr.,
Former Deputy Minister for Administration, Ministry of Information, Culture & Tourism
Honourable Ambrose Mohammed Kromah,
Former Senior Communication Officer/ Ministry of Commerce & Industry
Honourable Julu Mah Johnson,
Former Acting Minister of Lands, Mines and Energy
Honourable Sewell Telford Prout Brewer,Sr.,
Former Chief Engineer, Liberia Telecommunications Corporation (LTC)
Honourable Oliver Bor-Yee Toe Swen, Sr.,
Attorney –At_Law, Chief Prosecutor for Government
Honourable Jeremiah Bishop Johnson, Sr.,
Former Development Superintendent, Grand Bassa County
Honourable Charles V. Dormeyan, Sr.,
Former Development Superintendent, Bong County
Mother ADA Amorette Phebean Decker Goodings,
Former District Supervisor of Schools, Margibi County
Honourable Francis Dugbe-Nmeh Pelenah, Sr.,
Defense Counsel of Grand Kru County
Professor Victor –Emmanuel Larteyvi Lawson,
Former Chairman, Department of English and Literature, Liberia College, University of
Dr.Arpad L.Foldesi ,Doctor of Medicine (M.D),
Former Chief Physician for Gynecology & Obstetrics and General Medicine, Lamco
Hospital, Grand Bassa County
Mr. Lafayette Henry Montgomery, Sr.,
Proprietor of Montgomery‟s One Hour
Oldman Nyan Tokpa Endee,
Octagenarian, Nimba County
Mr. Christopher Torbor Won,
Former Personnel Administrator/John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital
Mother Ellen Antoinnette Mars-Melton,
Mother Mary Deborah Carter-Coleman-Dixon,
Deaconess Amanda Jane Randall Montgomery,
Former Chief Dietician of John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital
Mrs. Louise Ether Barnard- Reeves,
Former Member of the House of Representatives, Grand Bassa County
Mrs. Matee Mardea Cephas-Cooper,
Widow of the late Willie G. Cooper, Butler to Former President
Mrs. Nancy Esther Chinweh Bright-Knight,
Widow of the Late Honourable Joseph Emery Knight
Mrs. Farmatta Lucretia James-Snetter,
Widow of Former Ambaaaador Charles A. Snetter, Sr.
The up-dated list of Executive appointees at the Foreign Ministry for 2008 is as
1. Olubanke King Akerele Minister/Foreign Affairs
2. William V. S. Bull, Sr. Deputy Minister/Foreign Affairs
3. Johnson N. Gwaikolo Deputy Minister/Administration
4. Conmany B. Wesseh Deputy Minister/ Int‟ Cooperation and Integration
5. Krubo B. Kollie Deputy Minister/Legal Affairs
6. Edward Dunn Chief of Protocol/RL
7. Francis B.S. Johnson Inspector General of the Foreign Service
8. Carlton A. Karpeh Sr. Amb. At-Large
9. Charles J. Hansford Amb. At-Large
10. Trohoe Kparghai Amb. At-Large
11. H.Dan Marias Amb. At-Large
12. Robert Y. Lormia, II Assistant Minister/Foreign Affairs
13. Agnes Kormon Assistant Minister/Administration
14. Marcus Kofa Assistant Minister/American Affairs
15. George Wisner Assistant Minister/Afro Asian Affairs
16. Simeon B. Cole, Jr. Assistant Minister/European Affairs
17. Alphonso S.Nimene Assistant Minister/International Organizations
18. Josephus M. Gray Assistant Minister/Public Affairs
19. Elias Shoniyin Assistant Minister/International Cooperation
20. Tennema S. Deline Director/Passports and Visas
HEADS OF LIBERIAN DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS ABROAD
1. His Excellency Ambassador Charles Minor is accredited to the United States of
America and Co-accreditations to Canada
2. His Excellency Ambassador M. Nathaniel Barnes is accredited to the Liberian
Permanent Mission at the United Nations and Co-accreditations to Cuba
3. His Excellency Ambassador Johnny A. McClain, Sr. is accredited to the Republic
4 His Excellency Ambassador Dr. Al-Hassan Conteh is accredited to the Federal
Republic of Nigeria and Co-accreditations to Benin, Togo and ECOWAS.
5. His Excellency Ambassador Wesley Momo Johnson is accredited to the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Co-accredited to the Republic of Ireland.
6. Her Excellency Ambassador Sedia Massaquoi Bangoura is accredited to the
Federal Republic of Germany with Co-accreditations to Norway, Sweden, Denmark,
Finland and Austria.
7. Her Excellency Ambassador Lois Lewis Brutus is accredited to the Republic of
South Africa with Co-accreditations to the Republics of Botswana, Angola, Malawi,
Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia and Swaziland.
8. His Excellency Ambassador D. Mckinley Thomas is accredited to France with Co-
accreditations to Switzerland, Greece, Spain and Portugal.
9. His Excellency Ambassador Konah H. Blackett is accredited to the Arab
Republic of Egypt with Co-accreditations to Syria, Kuwait, and Jordan.
10. His Excellency Ambassador E. Sumo Jones is accredited to the Republic of
11. Her Excellency Ambassador Vivienne T. Wreh is accredited to the Republic of
Cote d‟Ivoire with Co-accreditations to Burkina Faso and Niger.
12. His Excellency Ambassador Edward G.H. Clinton is accredited to Ethiopia with
Co- accreditations to Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and the African Union.
13. Her Excellency Ambassador Youngor S. Twlewoda is accredited to the Kingdom
of Belgium with concurrent co-accreditations to the Netherlands, Luxembourg and
the European Union.
14. His Excellency Ambassador Jarjar Kamara is accredited to Libya with co-
accreditations to CENSAD.
15. His Excellency Ambassador Rudolph P. Von Ballmoos is accredited to the
Republic of Ghana.
16. Her Excellency Ambassador Rita Sangai Neh Dukuly Tolbert is accredited to the
People‟s Republic of China
15. His Excellency Ambassador Thomas Brimah is accredited to the Republic of
16. Mr. Adams S. Bility
Charge d‟Affaires, Embassy of Liberia in Japan
17.Mr. Morieba Sanoe
Charge d‟Affairs, Embassy of Liberia in the Kingdom of Morocco
18. Mr. William Morris
Liberia‟s Consulate General/ N‟Zerekore
During the year, the 34 Official Gazettes printed were in honour of the following
Hon. James Kla Giko, Former District Education Officer Plebo District,
Deaconess Amando Jene Randall Montgomery of the Effort Baptist Church,
Mrs. Louise Ethel Barnard-Reeves, Fortsville, Grand Bassa County; Former Mayor
of the armed Forces of Liberia.
Hon. Oliver Bor-yee Toe Swen, Sr. BBA, Attorney-at-Law;
Hon. Nathaniel Reginald Richardson, Jr. BSC, MSC, PHD, Former President,
Liberian-Mining Company (LIMINCO)
Mother Mary Deborah Carter-Coleman-Dixon D.G.B.H.O.A.R.
Hon. Ambrose Mohammed Kromah, K,C,H.C.A.R. Former Senior Community
Officer, Ministry of Commerce & Industry.
Mrs. Matee Mrdea Cephas Cooper Butler to the former President of Liberia H.E.
Edwin J. Barclay.
Hon. Sewell Telford Prout Brewer.Sr. Former Chief Engineer.
Mother ADA Amorette Thebean Decker Gooding, BSC, CSA. Former District
Supervisor of Schools for Margibi County, Ministry of Education.
Mother Ellen Amorette Mars-Melton Centerarina, Humanitarian
Mr. Christopher Torbor Won, Former Chief Clerk, Bureau of the Civil Service
Hon. Isaac Saye Mussah, Former Vice Chairman of the Council of State, National
Transitional Government of Liberia
Rev. Nathaniel T. Dixon, Former Press and Financial Attaché, Liberian Embassy,
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Hon. Julu Mah Johnson, BSC, MSC. Assistant Minister for Lands, Survey and
Hon. Isaac Chariyieu Nyeplu, LLB, Former Minister of justice & Attorney
General, Republic of Liberia
Hon. John D. Lassana, Sr. Stipendiary Magistrate of Artington City, Montserrado.
Hon. Francis Dugbe-Nweh Pelerah, Sr. LLB Defense Counsel of Grounnd Kru
Mrs. Nancy Esther Chinwag Bright-Knight widow of the late Hon. Joseph Energy
Knight, Former Liberian Ambassador to the Republic of France
Clls. Lawrence Alford Morgan BA, LLB, LLB,KC, KGB
Hon. J. Salute Wiah, Administer Counsellor/Press Attaches
Both Bureaux received and expedited the printing and processing of thirty seven (37)
Acts from the Legislature.
1. An Act approving the Supplementary budget for the fiscal July 1, 2007 to June
30, 2008 providing for the operation of the Government of the Republic of Liberia.
2. An Act to amend the new penal code chapter 14, Section 14.70 and 14.7 and to
provide for Gang Rape.
3. An Act to Ratify Convention of 1993 on prohibiting the Development production
stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their Destruction.
4. An Act to amend Section 1 of an Act fixing the day for the annual adjournment
of the Legislature of the Republic of Liberia.
5. An Act Ratifying the investment Agreement made and entered into by the
Government of Liberia and Novel Liberia, INC.
6. An Act to Ratify the comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Bar Treaty (CTBT).
An act Amending Title 17 of the Revised code of Laws of Liberia, known as the
Judiciary Law of 1972 by adding thereto a new chapter to be known as chapter 25
establishing criminal Court “E” of the first Judicial Circuit, Industrial Property Act
An Act to prohibit the use of Tobacco products in Public places and the sale and use
of Tobacco and Tobacco products by persons under the age of 18 years.
An Act to Repeal the Act creating the Bureau of the Budget of March 20, 1953 and
to amend the new Executive Law. Chapter 21 creating the Ministry of Finance of
the Republic of Liberia and adding thereto sections 21.10.
An Act to ban trafficking person within the Republic of Liberia.
An Act to repeal the National Defence Laws of 1956, the Coast guard Act of 1986
and to establish the New National Defence Act of 2008.
An Act Ratifying the Concession Agreement between the Republic of Liberia and
LIBINC oil palm Inc.
An act Ratifying the Amended and restated concession Agreement between the
Republic of Liberia and Firestone Liberia INC.
An Act Ratifying the Agreement between the Republic of Liberia and Liberia Forest
An Act Ratifying the concession Agreement between the Members of the African,
Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of the One part, and the European
Community and its members States of the other Party.
An Act incorporating the Grand Bassa College and Grant it a Charter.
An Act to Ratify the IMO International Convention on Salvage 1989
An Act to Ratify United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982
An Act to Ratify the convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization
(INMARSAT), 1976 as amended.
An Act to Ratify the International Convention for the safety of fishing vessels.
An Act to Ratify the Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Cooperation of
Pollution Incident by Hazardous and Noxious substances 2000.
An Act to Ratify the International Convention on control of Harmful Antifouling
Systems on Ships, 2001.
An act to Ratify the International Convention for the Control and Management of
Ships Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 Articles 1-22.
An Act to Ratify the Protocol 1995 to amend the convention on Limitation of
Liability for Maritime claims 1976.
An Act to Ratify the MLC Maritime Labour convention of 2006.
An Act to Ratify the International Convention of Liability and Compensation for
damage in connection with the carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by
An Act to Ratify the WHO framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
An Act to establish the National Bureau of Veterans Affairs.
An Act to implement the Convention on the Production Stockpiling and use of
Chemical Weapons and on their destruction to which Liberia is a party.
An Act Ratifying the Production Sharing Contract with Addendum for offshore
Liberia LB-16 and 17 signed between the Republic of Liberia represented by the
National Oil Company of Liberia (NOCAL) AND REPSOL Exploring S.A.
An Act ratifying the Production Sharing Contract with Addendum for offshore
Liberia Blocks LB-15 signed between the Republic of Liberia represented by the
National Oil Company of Liberia (NOCAL) and Woodside West Africa. PTY LTD.
An Act to amend section 2212 of Revenue Code of Liberia Act of 2000.