MORTARS AS A COUNTER TO THE EMERGING THREAT OF THE STAND-OFF ATTACK by ProQuest

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A stand-off attack is seldom decisive by itself, but it can be used by an enemy to achieve the following: * Cause damage and inflict casualties; * Harass, fatigue, and demoralize U.S. forces; * Create a siege mentality by forcing U.S. units to remain in their fortifications; * Demonstrate the insurgency's presence and strength, enhancing morale and recruitment; * Suppress U.S. indirect fires in support of other units; * Distract and deceive U.S. units to conceal the enemy's true intentions; * Prevent U.S. forces from moving to assist another unit under attack; * Gauge the strength and reaction times for U.S. supporting weapons; * Entice U.S. reaction forces to move into pre-planned ambushes or areas seeded with IEDs; or * Undermine the U.S. political will with a steady trickle of casualties. At an appropriate time, the commander may order the mortar unit to shift fires from known, suspected, and likely enemy firing positions to other targets such as withdrawal routes or enemy observation posts.

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