; Imamate and Leadership: The Case of the Shi'a Fundamentalists in Modern Iran/L'IMAMAT ET LE LEADERSHIP: LE CAS DES FONDAMENTALISTES CHIITES EN IRAN MODERNE
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Imamate and Leadership: The Case of the Shi'a Fundamentalists in Modern Iran/L'IMAMAT ET LE LEADERSHIP: LE CAS DES FONDAMENTALISTES CHIITES EN IRAN MODERNE

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The theory of Imamate (absolute religious, spiritual and political leadership of the Muslim community) is one of the most important pillars in Twelver Shi'ism (the second largest branch of Islam). While there was a relative agreement on the nature and boundaries of the theory of Imamate and leadership during the presence of the twelve Shi'i Imams, there is no such consensus among the Shi'a in this regard after the Occultation of the last Imam, the Mahdi, in 874. Generally speaking, with respect to the latter period, there are two broad schools of thought. For Traditionalists, during the absence of the Imam, Imamate is no longer conceivable as the absolute religious and political leadership of the community of believers. On the other hand, Fundamentalists believe in full implementation of the theory of Imamate in the society by jurists, as the general deputies of Imam Mahdi in his absence. This study intends to examine the views of the Shi'a fundamentalists, particularly in the modern Iran. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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									Canadian Social Science                                               ISSN 1712-8056 [Print]
                                                                      ISSN 1923-6697[Online]
Vol. 6, No. 6, 2010, pp. 192-205
                                                                            www.cscanada.net
                                                                            www.cscanada.org

                             Imamate and Leadership:
         The Case of the Shi'a Fundamentalists in Modern Iran

                          L’IMAMAT ET LE LEADERSHIP:
       LE CAS DES FONDAMENTALISTES CHIITES EN IRAN MODERNE

								
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