whohaspower.pre by Wittgenstein


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									Who has the Power to
  State the Law?
              Kings, Parliaments & Statutes

-- Most societies throughout Europe (and probably elsewhere)
were ruled by Kings, not by Aristocrats
-- In Medieval times, a King’s power rationalized as absolute
(even if it wasn’t in fact)

  Divine Right

 -- Divine Right suggested that the King was God’s chosen
 agent on earth to be the Landlord of that particular country.
 (e.g., England)
              Kings, Parliaments & Statutes

The Statute

-- King could issue proclamations, decrees, pronouncements,
-- as time goes by, the “statute” came about:
   • sometimes, for political purposes, King would have both
   himself and his nobility sign extremely important
   pronouncements so that they appeared more powerful
   (e.g., taxes, war)
   (Parliaments had to be convened for this purpose)
             Kings, Parliaments & Statutes

 Custom and Tradition
-- As each King would call a parliament to approve certain
issues, people became used to this practice
-- it became traditional and customary (in England) to say that:
   • no taxes unless parliament approves
   • no war unless parliament approves
-- as parliament is used more and more, this grows:
   • nothing big unless parliament approves
              Kings, Parliaments & Statutes

 Custom and Tradition
-- Final straw: The parliament is permanent and is the sovereign
(English revolution)!
-- Parliament (the legislature) writes the law!
State the

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