Social Dimensions of Education
School Community Relations
Focuses on the interactions and
Does schooling create a society
Does society create schools?
Do schools transmit the culture of a society
Do schools transform the culture of a society?
Ron Edmonds – 1970s
Effective Schools Movement
High expectations for children’s achievement
Safe and orderly school climate and
environment conducive for learning
Emphasis on basic skills
Frequent monitoring of pupil progress
Institute for Educational Leadership's
(IEL) Task Force on the Principalship
Identifies three key roles for 21st Century
1. Instructional leadership. Focuses on
strengthening teaching and learning,
professional development, data-driven decision
making, and accountability;
2. Community leadership. Manifested in a big-picture
awareness of the school's role in society; shared
leadership among educators, community partners
and residents; close relations with parents and
others; and advocacy for school capacity building
3. Visionary leadership. Demonstrates energy,
commitment, entrepreneurial spirit, values and
conviction that all children will learn at high levels,
as well asinspiring others with this vision both
inside and outside the school building.
Karen Cotton (2003)
Principals and student achievement:
What the research says.
Core Role of the Principal:
1. Establishing a clear focus on student learning.
This includes having a vision,clear learning
goals, and high expectations for learning for all
2. Building interactions and relationships. This
entails communication, interpersonal support,
visibility and accessibility, and parent and
community outreach and involvement.
3. Establishing a positive school culture. This includes
manifesting behaviors such as shared leadership and
decision-making, collaboration, support of risk taking,
continuous improvement, and professionalism.
4. Being an instructional leader. This includes discussing
instructional issues,observing classrooms and giving
feedback, supporting teacher autonomy, protecting
instructional time, and promoting professional
5. Upholding accountability. This calls for monitoring
progress and using student progress data for program
James H. Stronge, Holly B. Richard & Nancy
Qualities of Effective Principals
Quality 1 – Instructional Leadership
Quality 2 – School Climate
Quality 3 – Human Resource Administration
Quality 4 – Teacher Evaluation
Quality 5 – Organizational Management
Quality 6 – Communication and Community
Quality 7 – Professionalism
Quality 8 – Principal’s Role in Student
Quality 2 - School Climate
The principal fosters the success of all
students by advocating, nurturing, and
sustaining a positive and safe school climate
for all stakeholders.
Quality 6 - Communication and
The principal fosters the success of all
students by collaboratively effectively with all
Goldring, Ellen & Mark Berends. (2009).
Leading with Data: Pathways to Improve
Key Indicators of School Improvement:
Shared mission & Goals
Rigorous content standards for all students:
agreed upon, understood & measurable
Alignment to Standards – curricular and
Expert teachers supported by coherent,
consistent professional development
Partnerships with parents, families
and the community
Culture and Climate for Student Learning
Resources Aligned to Goals
Elaine McEwan (2008) Ten traits of
highly effective schools: Raising the
achievement bar for all students.
Characteristics of an effective school:
Climate is academically focused.
Multi-direction communication channels keep information
flowing among the principal, staff, students, and parents.
Members of the school-community agree on parameters
defining acceptable behavior.
Learning, academic achievement, and educational excellence
are top priorities.
A relevant academic curriculum is applied.
Resources are made available to enhance teaching
High academic expectations are set for students.
The principal, staff, students, and parents, work
together as a team supporting one another and
creating a synergy that moves the agenda of the
Teachers are well-trained, motivated, and use
methods that produce results.
Students are motivated, disciplined, self-
directed, and eager to learn.
Parents are involved in the life of the school
in real and important ways.
The principal sets the school agenda,
communicates the school’s mission,
determines what gets measured and noticed,
and distributes the necessary resources.
A Critical Theory of Education and
– My Pedagogical Creed – 1897
What Education Is
What the School Is
The Subject Matter of Education
The Nature of Method
The School and Social Progress