Construction Cost Management Learning from Case Studies

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					  Helsinki University of Technology (HUT-600) Auditorium
                           Project




A case study in the application of:


Industry Foundation Classes & 3D/4D Models

                       Calvin Kam and Martin Fischer
                       CIFE Summer Program 2001, Stanford University
                  Project Highlights
• The new auditorium complex is an addition to the main building
  (1969) designed by renowned architect Alvar Aalto




• This research focuses on exchanging IFC product model data and
  on leveraging 3D models for visualization and 4D modeling

• Efficient model and data sharing allows the project team to study
  more design alternatives, complete thorough analyses of life
  cycle costs and environmental impacts, produce virtual reality
  models for group decision making, and improve the construction
  sequence through 4D visualization
      Why HUT-600 for research/pilot?

• The project stakeholders are also key participants in research
  and development sponsored by the Finnish government

• The scale of the program is appropriate for experimental pilot
  work given a tight design and construction schedule

• The complexity of the program offers challenges and requires
  in-depth alternative studies

• The dynamics of the end user group (faculty, university facility
  managers, students, etc.) demand the best visualization tools
  to expedite client briefing and catalyze exchange of ideas
Motivations for a Construction Pilot
                     National Technology Agency in Finland
• TEKES                Motivated by NIST’s study of 700
                         projects in the US that shows:
                       •   greater use of IT correlates with better
              Information Networking in the Construction
                          project performance
                  Process both owners and contractors realise
• VERA                •
                          meaningful for Interoperability
              International Alliancebenefits
                • 6-year research & development program under TEKES
               • total budget of USD $43 Million
                      • pronounced Class (IFC)     curve,
               Industry FoundationIT learning TEKES but benefits
               • of which USD $ 20 Million from
                           outweigh risks
                       for information technology
               • bringingindustrial R&D projects to building
               • 80%• beneficial schedule compression
                  design, construction, and operation (A/E/C/FM)
• IAI—IFC              for public project
               • 20%• overall projectscost savings ~ 1 %
               • industry-wide and continuous sharing of
                      • construction Facility Engineering
              Center for Intergrated cost savings ~bringing
                  information is the starting point in 4 %
                  information technology to building design,
               • generate research goals
                  construction and operation.
               • WDI/CIFE 4D tool in visualization, operation,
               • software interoperability: an environment in which
• CIFE            space and programs can share and exchange data
                  computer facility management
                  document research progress
               • automatically regardless of the type of software
               • or of where the data may be residing
                  disseminate research findings
                                                                                                AN
                                                        RIUSKA


         Goals of Construction Pilot
                                                 Simulation 1


                                                 ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                           MWh/a        mk/a


1.   Support owner, users, and designers in early project
                                                    700                        150000



     decision making                            600
                                                                               120000

                                                    500
                                                                                                MW
                                                                                         150

2.   Demonstrate benefits of product model approach from
                                                   400
                                                           90000
                                                                                         120

     client briefing to design to construction to facility
                                                   300
                                                           60000                          90

     management                                                                           60
                                                    200

                                                                               30000
                                                                                          30
                                                    100

3.   Prioritize agenda for further R&D related to the application                          0
                                                                                                 1
     of product models for information management
                                                   0        0



                                                 MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                 MONTHLY C
                                                        MWh                                    MWh
                                                 150                                    150

                                                 120                                    120

                                                   90                                    90

                                                   60                                    60

                                                   30                                    30

                                                    0                                     0
                                                         1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12            1 2

                                                   HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS             COOLING
                                                   HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING
                                                   DOMESTIC WATER HEATING
Technologies for Construction Pilot
• 3D and 4D visualizations of architectural design
  alternatives, lighting schemes, and construction schedule

• Rapid analyses of several design alternatives for life-cycle
  costs, comfort, cost, energy, and environmental impact
  based on the same IFC-based product model

• CAVE, project extranet
            Primary Stakeholders

Owner:                  Senate Properties

MEP Designer:           Olof Granlund Oy

General Contractor:     YIT

Research Collaborator: CIFE, Stanford University
               Project Overview




Scope of Design:   Multipurpose Auditorium, Foyer,
                   Computer Center, Handicap Accessibility

Budget:            30 Million    Finnish Mark
                   ~$5 Million   US Dollars
           Schedule
Oct 2000    Design Started

Feb 2001    CAVE Review

Apr 2001    Life Cycle Cost, Environmental Analysis
            Construction Started
Jun 2001

Aug 2001    Erection of Structural Steel

Oct 2001



Jan 2002    Scheduled for Completion
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                    Information Flow
• Granlund has developed BSPro—a middleware tool for
  exchanging IFC-compliant data
                    GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                        BSPro
• Current version handles building geometry and thermal data



                                                                                      BS
                                                                                     CLIENT   Thermal simulation




                                                       BS COM Server for IFC Files
                               Architect    IFC File                                  BS
                                  CAD      ”Thermal                                  CLIENT    CFD simulation
                                              view”
                              Granlund                                                BS
                                                                                                 BS system
                                                                                     CLIENT
                               SMOG                                                              design tools

           Building            Microsoft                                              BS
         geometry and
                                                                                     CLIENT      HVAC CAD
                              Visio 2000
          space data
                                                                                      BS
                                                                                     CLIENT      Other tools
                                    Information Flow

                                                   Integrated BS Design Tools
                                            Product       Visualisation &                    Virtual reality
                                               data     Lighting simulation              visualisation (CAVE)


                                                        Thermal simulation

                                                                                 BS
            building geometry and                        CFD simulation        design
Architect     space data (IFC)                                                database
   CAD                                    BS Pro link
                                                           BS system                         Facilities
                               IFC File                    design tool                      management


                                                          BS CAD tools


                                                                                           4D Visualization
                                                                                          (WDI-CIFE 4D Viz)

                                                                                         Production planning
                                                                                            (YIT / COVE)
           Lessons Learned to Date
“We are amazed that this [sharing of product model data in IFC
  standard] is working in practice”         - the project architect

  IFC 1.5.1 supports:
           the transfer of building geometry, general material
           selection, and object names

  Limitations with IFC 1.5.1:
          • It does not support specific material types
          • The file to represent HVAC design data is very large
          • Lighting data and its database are not in IFC
            standard, hence the resulting thermal loads from
            lighting fixtures cannot be directly updated
          • Schedule integration is not supported by COVE
        Benefits Learned to Date
Sharing IFC product model allows for:
   • earlier coordination between architects and MEP
      designers
   • more accurate cost estimation early project phase
   • better and earlier construction and procurement
      planning
   • faster generation of design alternatives

Various visualization tools (VR, CFD, 4D, etc.) allow for:
    • better and faster design coordination among different
      disciplines
    • more informative briefing and idea exchanges with the
      user groups
                    Next Steps
•   Disseminate benefits and lessons learned from
    HUT project

      1. Far-reaching decisions about project scope and
         requirements can be made early with accurate
         information

      2. Full life-cycle analysis for many alternatives
         available early in design


•   Find 2nd pilot project
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                          100
                                                                                                                                           90
                                                                                                                                           80
                                                                                                                                           70                         GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                     BUILDING SI
                                                                                                                                           60                                                                ANNUAL ENER
                                                                                                                                           50                         RIUSKA
                                                                                                                                           40
                                                                                                                                           30
                                                                                                                                           20
                                                                                                                                           10               Simulation 1
                                                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                                          -10
                                                                                                                                          -20               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST
                                                                                                                                          -30                          MWh/a        mk/a
                                                                                                                                                1   3   5   7    9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                  700                    150000


                                                                                                      Architectural                                               600
                                                                                                                                                                                           120000

                                                                                                         Design                                                   500
                                                                                                                                                                                                             MWh
                                                                                                                                                                                                      150
                                                                                                                                                                                           90000
                                                                                                                                                                  400
                                                                                                                                                                                                      120

                                                                               Facilities                                                                         300
                                                                                                                            Structural                                                     60000       90


                                                                              Management                                                                          200                                  60
                                                                                                                             Design                                                        30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                       30
                                                                                                                                                                  100

                                                                                                                                                                                                        0
                                                                                                                                                                       0                   0                  1    2   3    4


                      4D Simulation                                                                                                                 Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                            MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                   MONTHLY COOLING ENERG
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                  MWh


                                                                                                      Direct IFC
                                                                                                                                                                150                                  150

                                                                                                                                                                120                                  120

                                                                                                                                                                 90                                   90



                                                                             Construction
                                                                                                      Exchange             Electrical
                                                                                                                                                                 60

                                                                                                                                                                 30
                                                                                                                                                                                                      60

                                                                                                                                                                                                      30

                                                                                                                                                                  0                                    0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                 HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 2 3 4 5 6 7

                                                                                                                                                                                                       COOLING OF ROOM EQU
                                                                                                                                                                 HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                 COOLING OF SUPPLY AI
                                                                                                                                                                 DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                  Industry Foundation Classes
      •IFC defines a single object-
       oriented data model shared
       by all IFC-compliant
       applications.


      •IFC is public and open for
       implementation and use by
       any member. It is evolving.

      •In HUT-600 case, IFC 1.5.1 is
       strong in transferring
       building geometry,
       generating object identity,
       and specifying general
       material selection

Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                  3D Model

Quick Time Movie                                  2D View of 3D Model

                                  ArchiCAD
        Facilities                                 Structural
       Management                                   Design




     Construction                                 Electrical
       planning                                    Design
                              Shared IFC
                              Model & Data



                   Construction              Mechanical
                    Estimating                Design
                             Architectural Design




          • the architects used photomontages to illustrate how
            design alternatives fit into the existing site context

Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                   Electrical Design
    •Granlund designers use VIVA for
    lighting design and selection
                         GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                             VIVA

    •VIVA is a database which gathers
    lighting products by different
    manufacturers




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                Mechanical Design
   • MagiCAD is a 3D CAD tool for HVAC
     design
                  MagiCAD                  GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                                            DESIGN
                  Progman Oy

   • the selection of HVAC components is
     linked to the electronic product
     catalogues from different manufacturers




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                        Construction Estimating
    • COVE (COst and Value Engineering)
        YIT’s proprietary cost estimating
        and production planning system

    • IFC-compliant

    • performs ”Design Spell Check”,
      automatic construction cost estimating




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                             Facility Management
       • Granlund has developed a facility management database
         that is compliant with its design database
                                 GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                                    RYHTI

       • during design, the design team was able to retrieve accurate
         life cycle maintenance and operating cost data

       • during this Fall, the team will begin
         with the service and management                  Maintenance   Help desk
         specification
                                                                Base module
       • designers and facility managers                            FM
                                                                                Long term
                                                     Document
         will coordinate to transfer data                         DATABSE       planning


                                                                         Energy
                                                          Consumption   calculation

Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                               Lighting Simulation


      • photorealistic study with
        Lightscape



      • lighting simulations and
        daylighting studies

      • links to virtual reality CAVE




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                Comfort Simulation
    • RIUSKA—IFC-compliant                       GRANLUND SOFTW ARE

                                                 RIUSKA
                                                                                                     SPACE SIMULATION
                                                                                                     SUMMER DESIGN DAY

      simulation tool                      PURPOSE OF THE SIMULATION:
                                           Simulation 1    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.

                       GRANLUND SOFTWARE   Simulation 2    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


                        RIUSKA             Simulation 3    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


                                           Simulation 4    Air flow rate: 7,8 dm³/s,m² = 5188 dm³/s. Space cooling: 0,0 W/m² = 0 W.


    • imports 3D geometry in IFC           SUMMER DESIGN DAY HOURLY INDOOR AIR TEMPERATURES °C /HOUR OF DAY
                                            34                                                                                                        Sim. 1


      format                                32

                                            30
                                                                                                                                                      Sim. 2
                                                                                                                                                      Sim. 3
                                                                                                                                                      Sim. 4
                                            28                                                                                                        Outdoor

                                            26



    • determines thermal conditions
                                            24

                                            22



      based on site location, building
                                            20

                                            18



      volume, and internal
                                            16

                                            14
                                                  1   2   3       4   5   6   7   8   9   10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24


      heating/cooling load                 SUMMER DESIGN DAY HOURLY SPACE LOADS W/m² /HOUR OF DAY
                                           Simulation 1                                              Simulation 2
                                             80                                                        80
                                             70                                                        70
                                             60                                                        60
                                                                                                                                                                    NET


    • suggests cooling/heating
                                             50                                                        50
                                             40                                                        40
                                             30                                                        30
                                                                                                                                                                WINDOW


      requirements and air velocities
                                             20                                                        20
                                             10                                                        10
                                              0                                                         0
                                            -10                                                       -10                                                  EQUIPMENT
                                                1 3 5         7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23                1 3 5        7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23

                                           Simulation 3                                              Simulation 4
                                             80                                                        80                                                       LIGHTING
                                             70                                                        70
                                             60                                                        60
                                             50                                                        50
                                                                                                                                                                 PEOPLE
                                             40                                                        40
                                             30                                                        30
                                             20                                                        20
                                             10                                                        10                                                 CONDUCTION
                                              0                                                         0
                                            -10                                                       -10
                                                1 3 5         7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23                1 3 5        7   9   11 13 15 17 19 21 23
                                                                                                                                                          INFILTRATION
Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                   Energy Simulation
                                                  GRANLUND SOFTW ARE                           BUILDING SIMULATION
                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION
                                                  RIUSKA
   • RIUSKA—IFC-compliant
     simulation tool                       Simulation 1


                                           ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                       MWh/a           mk/a
                     GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                              700                             150000
                      RIUSKA
                                              600
                                                                              120000

   • estimates heating and                    500
                                                                                               MWh


     cooling energy
                                                                                        150
                                                                              90000
                                              400
                                                                                        120

     consumption by HVAC                      300
                                                                              60000      90


     system                                   200                                        60

                                                                              30000
                                                                                         30
                                              100

                                                                                          0

   • accounts for changes in                       0                          0                 1    2   3   4   5    6    7   8      9    10     11    12



     monthly thermal                       MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY
                                                   MWh
                                                                                       MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                              MWh                              Heating energy:

     conditions and estimates              150

                                           120
                                                                                       150

                                                                                       120
                                                                                                                               158.4 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                               (VAT not included 2%)


     energy cost
                                                                                                                               Electric energy:
                                             90                                         90                                     270.0 mk/MWh
                                                                                                                               (VAT not included 2%)
                                             60                                         60
                                                                                                                               Cooling electricity includes
                                             30                                         30                                     the electricity consumption of
                                                                                                                               the compressors, condensers
                                              0                                          0
                                                    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12                1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12       and circulation pumps.
                                                                                                                               COP of cooling = 3
                                             HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS                  COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                             HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                       COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                             DOMESTIC WATER HEATING

Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
   Computational Fluid Dynamics
• the auditorium has a large volume with high thermal loads

• CFX tool by AEA Technology

• IFC-compliant by Granlund’s link—BS Pro

• simulates temperature stratification and air velocities of a
  proposed HVAC design based on thermal loads generated by
  RIUSKA




            Temperature                  Velocity
                  Mixed System




• The mixed system shoots conditioned air from the ceiling

• It has a more conventional and simpler design but heat is
  trapped along the boundary in the auditorium
                            Displacement System




        • The displacement system supplies from beneath and cools
          the occupants more efficiently

        • It requires an underfloor HVAC distribution system
Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                         Environmental Analysis
      • BSLCA—an integrated tool and life cycle database for
        sustainable design                 GRANLUND SOFTWARE

                                  BSLCA

      • incorporates building geometry, MEP systems, equipments, and
        energy consumption throughout the building life cycle

      • assesses the impacts of emission
        from building components
        to air and water




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                                                               Life Cycle Cost
                         • life cycle cost analysis tool for building services design, system
                           comparisons, and flexibility studies                                                                                   GRANLUND SOFTWARE


                                                                                          Insinööritoimisto                         GRANLUND SOFTWARE
                                                                                                                                                          RITU
                                                                                                                                                          LIFE CYCLE COST CALCULATION                                    Appendix:
                                                                                          OLOF GRANLUND OY                              RITU              VENTILATION UNIT                                               Page:   4(4)


                         • it leverages facility management data from previous projects to
                                                                                                                           Versio 1.0 30.10.98            INITIAL DATA
                                                                               PROJECT                                                                    CALCULATION
                                                                               Customer:                    ABB Fläkt Oy                                  Company:                     Insinööritoimisto Olof Granlund Oy



                           provide cost comparisons during the design phase
                                                                               Property:                    Radisson SAS                                  Person:
                                                                               Adress:                      Manchester                                    Date:                        05.11.1999
                                                                               Place:                       UK                                            Offer:
                                                                               Building:                                                                  Appendix number:
                                                                               Subsystem:                   AHU1 Atriums                                  Calculation alternative:     Present design
                                                                               Product name:                VENTILATION UNIT
                                                                               ENERGY CALCULATION                                                         LIFE CYCLE COST CALCULATION
                                                      LIFE CYCLE COSTS         Heating                       MWh/a                                        Actual value calculation time [a]                  20
                                                                               Energy:                        335,2                                       Nominal interest [%/a]                            7,0
                                                                               - Heat recovery                245,4                                       Inflation [%/a]                                   2,0
                                                                               - Additional free heating:      0,0         FIM/MWh                FIM/a   Relative rise of energy price [%/a]               3,0
            1 800 000                                                          Net:                           89,8     x     165,00        =      14817


                                                                               Cooling                       MWh/a                                                                                       Actual val. Weighting Actual val.
  Present value [ECU]




            1 500 000                                                          Energy:
                                                                               - Free cooling
                                                                                                               4,8
                                                                                                               0,0         FIM/MWh                FIM/a   Total purchase price:
                                                                                                                                                                                                FIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                           factor
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      factor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1,00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FIM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0
                                                                    570 000    Net:                            4,8     x     347,00        =      1666                                          FIM/a
                                          231 000                                                                                                         Energy costs:                         45505      16,60       1,00     755375
            1 200 000                                                          Fan electricity               MWh/a                                                                              FIM/a
                                                                               Supply air fan:                43,4                                        Maintenance costs:                     0         12,57       1,00        0
                                                                               Exhaust air fan:               29,5         FIM/MWh                FIM/a
                                                                               Total:                         72,9     x     380,40        =      27743   Total (transfer to the offer specification):                          755375
                        900 000
                                                                               Pump electricity              MWh/a         FIM/MWh                FIM/a
                                                                               Total:                          3,4     x     381,90        =      1279

                        600 000           1 184 000
                                                                   1 064 000   Total energy cost
                                                                                                                                                  FIM/a
                                                                                                                                                  45505



                        300 000                                                                         Energy costs [FIM/a]                                                     Actual value of costs [FIM]

                                                                                   30 000                                                                    800 000
                                                                                                                                                             700 000
                             0                                                     25 000
                                                                                                                                                             600 000
                                                                                   20 000
                                        ThermoNet®                 Present                                                                                   500 000
                                                                                   15 000                                                                    400 000
                                                                                                                                                             300 000
                                                                                   10 000
                              Invest.                 Energy                          5 000
                                                                                                                                                             200 000
                                                                                                                                                             100 000
                                                                                         0                                                                           0
                                                                                                  Heating    Cooling          Fans               Pumps                       Investment               Energy           Maintenance

Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
               Construction Planning
• experiment with IFC import of
  3D building geometry

• the 4D model intetrages the
  construction schedule from YIT

• align 4D view with view from
  the webcamera

• 4D case study in HVAC system
  with Granlund designers

• during this Fall, there will be
  4D case studies in space and
  facility management
                                       4D Simulation




         4D Demonstration




Click to return to the HUT Circle RETURN
                                                                                                  Visualization
                                      Virtual reality                                          Lighting simulation
                                                                                                                                         Comfort Simulation
                                                                                                                                           100
                                                                                                                                            90
                                                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                            70
                                                                                                                                            60
                                                                                                                                            50
                                                                                                                                            40
                                                                                                                                            30
                                                                                                                                            20
                                                                                                                                            10
                                                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                                           -10
                                                                                                                                           -20
                                                                                                                                           -30
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BUILDING SIMULATIO
                                                                                                                                                 1   3   5   7    9 GRANLUND SOFTW ARE 21 23
                                                                                                                                                                     11 13 15 17 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUM
                                                                                                                                                                       RIUSKA

                                                                                                      Architectural                                          Simulation 1


                                                                                                                                                             ANNUAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND COST

                                                                                                         Design                                                    700
                                                                                                                                                                           MWh/a       mk/a
                                                                                                                                                                                              150000


                                                                                                                                                                   600
                                                                                                                                                                                              120000

                                                                               Facilities                                                                          500

                                                                                                                            Structural                                                        90000
                                                                                                                                                                                                        150
                                                                                                                                                                                                               MWh



                                                                              Management                                                                           400
                                                                                                                                                                                                        120

                                                                                                                             Design                                300
                                                                                                                                                                                              60000      90


                                                                                                                                                                   200                                   60


                                                                                                  Shared IFC                                                                                  30000
                                                                                                                                                                                                         30


4D Simulation                                                                                                                                        Energy Simulation
                                                                                                                                                                   100


                                                                                                  Model & Data                                                         0                      0
                                                                                                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1    2   3   4   5    6



                                                                                                                                                             MONTHLY HEATING ENERGY                    MONTHLY COOLING ENERGY
                                                                                                                                                                       MWh                                    MWh
                                                                                                                                                                 150                                   150

                                                                                                                                                                 120                                   120

                                                                                                                                                                  90                                    90


                                                                             Construction                                  Electrical                             60

                                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                                                                        60

                                                                                                                                                                                                        30

                                                                                                                                                                   0                                     0

                                                                               planning                                     Design                                      1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

                                                                                                                                                                                                         COOLING OF ROOM EQUIPMENTS
                                                                                                                                                                  HEATING OF SUPPLY AIR                  COOLING OF SUPPLY AIR
                                                                                                                                                                  DOMESTIC WATER HEATING




                                                                                       Construction                   Mechanical
                                                                                        Estimating                     Design

                       Life Cycle Cost              LIFE CYCLE COSTS                                                                     Comp. Fluid Dynamic
          1 800 000



                                                                                                      Environmental
Present value [ECU]




          1 500 000
                                                                  570 000
                                        231 000
          1 200 000

                      900 000

                      600 000           1 184 000
                                                                                                        Analysis
                                                                 1 064 000

                      300 000

                           0
                                      ThermoNet®                 Present

                            Invest.                 Energy
                    Virtual Reality

•3m x 3m (~10ft x 10ft) CAVE room with 3 rear-projectors
 and 1 top-projector in the Computer Science
 Dept. at Helsinki University of Technology

•VR navigation by 3D stereoscopic eyeglass
 equipped with a motion sensor

•end-users navigate through the auditorium
 and MEP systems in the interstitial space
                                       Virtual Reality
     End-users were able to provide valuable inputs during the
     schematic phase:

           • location of the first row

           • view from the back rows and the sloping
             of the lecture hall

           • lighting schemes during presentation

           • aisle locations




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DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Construction Cost Management Learning from Case Studies document sample