Conservation and Management Issues of Prespa National Park - DOC by gno22819


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									        Integrated Ecosystem Management in the Prespa Lakes Basin of Albania, FYR - Macedonia and Greece

                               Terms of Reference
             Local expertise on implementing training component on
        Fishery management with stakeholders and OFM in Korca /Prespa

   I.      Background

The regional project was designed to protect globally significant biodiversity in the
Prespa Lakes Basin of Albania, FYR-Macedonia, and Greece. Governments of the three
countries have agreed to work together to reduce pollution in the lakes, and introduce
environmental management practices in the Prespa Basin, by integrating ecological,
economic and social goals.

National Development Plans of the three countries will reflect issues related to
environmental protection, and the project will include ecosystem management into
appropriate sector policies and practices at the national level. Environmentally friendly
approaches to spatial planning, water use and management, agriculture, forestry and
fishery management, protected area management and conservation will first be piloted
in Prespa watershed shared by Albania and FYR-Macedonia and Greece.

A very crucial element of the project output 1.2 is to accomplish mainstreaming of the
ecosystem health priorities into relevant legal and regulatory framework. In this respect
the project offices enabled a synergetic contribution of combined inputs from water,
fishery, agriculture and forestry experts.
Integrating ecosystem management objectives into larger productive sector programs
builds also individual and institutional momentum and significantly contributes to
sustainability, while mainstreaming into productive sectors binds the significant
resources of those sectors in ways that achieve global and national benefits in a
sustainable, cost-effective approach to achieving lasting ecosystem benefits in the
project area. In this regard this assignment follows the project activities rendered under
Output 1.2 whereby the expert team has delivered the corresponding reports. In
addition, suggestions and recommendations were provided for the training needs and
identification of target groups on fishery management sector (to be followed also for the
other sectors). The other relevant outcome to this assignment is the outcome no. 2
which focuses on the modification of the productive sector practices in order to improve
ecosystem health in the Prespa Basin. This includes strengthening civil society partners
for ecosystem-oriented fishery management- mainly by operationalizing the Organization
for Fishery Management (OFM) and strengthening capacity of Directorate of fishery in
Korca to support and facilitate community-based management. The project office has
anticipated this activity by establishing contacts and discussions with the fishermen
groups, delineating the fishery management training activity, assessing the needs on
basic equipment for the OFM as well as preparing for the workshop in question.
     II.       Scope of work

The current assignment aims at assisting Prespa Project in introducing, organizing and
conducting training sessions on fishery management. The target of the assignment is

     -     to increase the level of knowledge and awareness among fishery community
           (particularly the involved fisherman);
     -     to provide training to the OFM and local related authorities in order to properly
           manage the fishery resources in the area

This requires a high profile and experienced expert in wetland ecosystems management
practices and know-how. This training exercise will be carried out in three phases;
preparation, implementation and reporting. The project office will supervise and
coordinate all phases.

     a. Preparation phase – 20 man days

The activities to be carried out during this phase will contribute to clearly define the
training approach to be developed, the responsible structures for fishery management in
Prespa area and their readiness to receive the training modules efficiently, the main and
most significant training themes to be adopted as per their needs. The preparatory work
will focus on integration of the project objectives and outcomes with the role and
contribution of the fishery sector to the overall watershed management in order to
ensure commitment and contribution of the fishery sector stakeholders into such
The preliminary meeting with the targeted groups will also serve to collect baseline
information for their actual knowledge, gasps ad needs in further information. It will also
serve in getting better view of the structure of the relevant sector, staff responsibility and
availability, management & equipment needs. Meetings and direct interviews will be
organized with all actors involved in this sector including municipality officers. This kind
of survey will cover among others, issues like background information on fishery
management practices and approaches, personnel involved in this sector, qualification,
training and level of education, information and general public awareness raising
materials available. The gathered information will enable the project team to address
and mobilize efficiently resources for feeding these activities into other project outcomes
and customize the training modules. The expert will accordingly develop the training
modules aiming to provide the target groups with relevant information and knowledge.
In principal the following modules will be treated during the planned training sessions:

1. Impact of the uncontrolled and illegal hunting into the fishing reserve of the lake and
   the lake environment1.
2. Banning of fishing during the spooning season and its impact in the other fish
   species, fishing capacity of the lake as well as increase of the annual catch.
3. Conservation, treatment and processing of fish catch, an opportunity to increase its
   economic value and the annual income of the fishermen community.

  Integrated knowledge on species hosted into the Prespa Lake, their biology and values wil be delivered along with
thiese modules.
4. the main legal and regulatory considerations (mainly the law in “Fishing and
   aquaculture”) and enforcement and impact of the regulatory frame to the lake and
   OMF activity

Additional module(s) may be required according to the identified needs. Training
materials (posters, training sheets, handouts, leaflets) will be prepared and provided
during the training activity. The target group will be the OFM, the fishery inspectorate of
the region, the other individual fisherman and the concerned local authorities (app. 30

   b. Implementation phase – 15 man days

This phase is totally dedicated to the conduction of the training sessions as elaborated
from the first phase. This phase aims reaching a thorough understanding of legal frame
on fishery and aquaculture, its relevance and impact on OFM membership, fishing
seasons and harvesting, its impact on the fishing capacity of the lake as well as increase
of the annual catch, conservation and other processing, wintering spots of fingerlings,
banning of its hunting, illustration of the knowledge of fish species hosted into the lake,
impact of the fishing etc. There are 4 training sessions to be conducted with average
time duration of 4 - 6 hours (including coffee break). Approximately 15-20 persons will
participate in each one with a total of 30 trained persons at the end. Recommendation
drawn from the first phase will serve to properly design the content of the training in
terms of modules (please refer to the training modules check list for more info). A
participatory approach and interaction of thematic presentation with the best practices,
lessons learned from experience, and on-the-job example demonstration when possible
will be used. All the training sessions will be held in Albanian language. The structure of
the training module will have the following format:

      Trainer materials
           - Expectation sheet (what the participant expect for this training);
           - Thematic presentation prepared for the specific topic (widely based in
              best achieved expert knowledge)
           - Additional references materials (manuals and professional handbooks on
              which the trainer got inspired while preparing lessons);
           - Videotapes & posters (practical and visual methods are generally much
              more effective than lectures; support will be provided from Prespa project
              on this item)
           - Appraisal sheet (which will provide the organizer a direct feed-back on the
              training sessions and suggestion for improving training components in the
      Trainee materials
           - Handouts (lessons prepared using the appropriate language for the target
           - Training sheets (question about specific themes in order to draw-up the
              participants thought);
           - Leaflets (with relevant information e.g. on the impact of illegal fishing, the
              harvesting calendar, nesting season etc);
           - File, pencil, papers;
           - Additional references (sources of interested materials for the target
           - Exercise sheets
   c. Reporting phase – 10 man days

The third phase will basically be the evaluation and reporting phase. Initially the expert
will do an evaluation of the activities undertaken and later on using the entire program
documents a report will be elaborated. Beside the work done within the framework of the
project some recommendation might be given for the further and sustained efforts in
provision of training and share of knowledge on sustainable fishery management in the
area. The idea of a follow-up training will be stressed in order to ensure that the first
training exercise is well received and efficiently taken into account in day to days fishing
activity. The value of the on-the-job training will be also underlined.

           III-    Expected output:

   o   Expert contribution is expected on the adoption and in the implementation of the
       training programs for the key actors and user groups involved in the
       implementation of the fishery management process.
   o   The expert should provide assistance to the project training component with
       focus on fishery management and particularly to target groups in Prespa and
       Korca area in charge with fishery management and coordination of this sector
   o   He/she must have a practical and thorough knowledge of integrated ecosystem
       management being able to explain and provide insight of the fishery sector in a
       watershed management perspective
   o   Abilities are required in anticipating different attributes/characteristics in terms of
       Lake Ecosystem and respective approaches applied.
   o   Commitment is required in short missions / visits to the site particularly, during
       the preparatory phase, as well as during the implementation and reporting phase
   o   Provide planning and updating of training modules in fishery sector

By the end of this training program it is expected to have an increased level of
knowledge, information and understanding of the targeted audiences (app. 30 persons)
as well as regional fishery sector planning and inspection authorities. This training
program will pay a special attention to the provision of adequate and updated
information in fishery management issues. Among the main outputs will be:
   -   development of training modules based on staff needs (training needs
   -   first steps towards regulated and controlled fishery management process
       undertaken and the enforcement procedures are in place in the area
   -   stakeholders and user groups are more responsible and aware on the
       importance of sustained fishery management
   -   more prominent and adoptive role into a wider integrated ecosystem
       management approach

           IV-     Qualifications and Experience:

The expert must prove:
    involvement and experience with project issues particularly incorporated with
      legal and regulatory aspects
    Extensive and insight knowledge on environmental related framework
    Remarkable and evidenced experience in watershed management and relevant
      resource uses in the area
       Knowledgeable on the project area will be an advantage
       The candidate must have extensive experience in fishery management sector
       He/she must posses a challenging experience with international organizations,
        assignments in similar cases (at least one similar training prepared and
       It would be an advantage the familiarity with the site and the work expected to be
       Motivation and team working, pleasant personality, dedication and acquainted
        with local people
       Fluency in writing and speaking English

             V-        Requirements for reporting

The expert has to prepare an evaluation report at the end of the mission focusing
organization of the training process, visits, delivery of the training on the practical
aspects of fishery management; the training exercise will be monitored and evaluated
continuously by the Prespa Project Manager assisted by the project staff locally and in

             VI-       Duration and Timing

The total duration of the assignment will last 6 months during which UNDP/Prespa
project will ensure total of 45 work/days.

Annex: Draft Training modules for each target group

Target Group: fisherman, OFM, inspectorate relevant user groups such as farmer, etc.

Number of training session planed 4
Number of staff in training 20 -30
Duration of the each training app. 5-6 hours

Training modules: (according to the topics of training of the OMF of Prespa):

   1. Impact of the uncontrolled and illegal hunting into the fishing reserve of the lake
      and the lake environment2.
   2. Banning of fishing during the spooning season and its impact in the other fish
      species, fishing capacity of the lake as well as increase of the annual catch.
   3. Conservation, treatment and processing of fish catch, an opportunity to increase
      its economic value and the annual income of the fishermen’ community.
   4. The main legal and regulatory considerations (mainly the law in “Fishing and
      aquaculture”) and its impact to the lake and OMF activity

     Integrated knowledge on species hosted into the Prespa Lake, their biology and values wil be delivered along with
   thiese modules.
Pedagogical methods

Clear outline and documentation, exercises in small groups, information exchange of
participants and trainer, practical and visual methods, training sheets, visualization of
special issues such regulatory frame and its enforcement, fishing calendar, harvesting
techniques, technical matters, financial sustainability of the sectors, relevance to other
sectors, etc.

Closing date for the submission of application: 27th November 2007, 5:00 p.m., Tirana
time. Please, indicate in your email or on the envelope the position you are applying for.
Only short-listed candidates will be notified. Interested and qualified candidates should
submit the letter of interest, the updated CV and copies of supporting documents, outline
of the work plan either electronically ( or in hard copy form to the
following address:

                               Prespa Park Project

                               Rr. Pjeter Bogdani, P. 39/1, Ap. 3/3, Tirana

                               Tel: +355-4-257627

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