INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

Editing, reviewing and procedures
As we are all experienced professionals with a due degree of writing experience, it is
proposed that all contributions be reviewed by two referees – chosen by the authors
themselves. It is in all our interests to do this in normal professional fashion as the quality
of the book will be determined by the combination of probably dozens of different
authors’ manuscripts. We would thus like you to send your manuscript off to two
reviewers of your own choice, and to send a third copy to the relevant editor (see
shortened version of book outlay, below, for your editor) at the same time (i.e deadline of
end January 2007). A suitable review form from Elsevier will be distributed in due
course. It will greatly ease workloads if your reviewers could be requested to post their
reviews directly to the relevant editor, thus saving time and postage for all – we would
thus greatly appreciate your doing this for us. The relevant editor will then evaluate the
two reports, add his own comments and return it all to authors for final corrections.
Although we trust that you will pick your reviewers with due regard to impartiality, it
may be necessary in a few isolated cases for a third reviewer of our own choice to be
consulted. Based thus on reviewers’ comments plus some suggestions from the editor, the
manuscript is then to be corrected for these combined comments and sent to the editor
again, in final form (separate text files, table files, and electronic line figure files; photos
as glossy originals (2 copies of photos)). Editors will take each chapter and edit to ensure
that the various contributions are blended/linked into a sensible whole, and to ensure
standard spelling etc. We will also write short linking texts if necessary, and will provide
each chapter with a suitable short introduction, and a commentary at the end, to draw
each chapter together. This book is thus not just a collection of separate papers, but is
intended to be a collection of different views and a multitude of topics, blended into a
single whole. Obviously, thus, abstracts are not needed.

When supplying first manuscripts to one of the editors, please try and send the electronic
line figure files in Corel Draw format, along with a jpeg or tiff file (300 dpi resolution).
Please note that we will not change anything on your figures except letter fonts/styles and
general features such as boxing them.

Please note the approximate lengths for each contribution giving the full version of the
book’s layout (approximately 550 pages) – we have to stick to these closely – in simple
terms, any author who exceeds the page allocation is merely causing reduction in
someone else’s contribution. As a working norm, an Elsevier book page = c. 528 words.
Proofs, supplied by Elsevier as PDF files, will be sent both to authors and to editors;
authors must please pass any corrections on to editors and not Elsevier – the editors will
pass on the corrected proofs to Elsevier.

Please note the deadlines, which will have to be applied strictly:
   (1) Identification of and agreement with potential authors: 1 June 2006
   (2) submission, first manuscripts: 1st February 2007.
   (3) submission of corrected manuscripts: preferably as soon as possible after the
       above; no later than 31st August 2007 (bear in mind we have to have a lot of time
       to do all the drafting, editing, and writing of introduction and synthesis).
   (4) final delivery of full edited bookmanuscript to Elsevier: 1st May 2008

The editors will sign the contract with Elsevier for this book, along with the legal and
financial clauses implicit therein. Amongst these is the importance of copyright. As we
all know, this entails giving due credit, through references, to material used in text and
illustrations. For line figures, these must be somewhat changed from the originals (eg
apply some different labels etc) and the source of the original must be given in the
caption. For photos in publications, including those where you are an author/co-author,
permission must be sought for using them in this book (even if it’s your photo!) and,
again, the source of the original photo (ie the reference) must be stated. A standard
request for copyright permission is supplied by Elsevier – please ask the editors if

General text layout
The typical Elsevier book has a standard page size of 16.5 x 24 cm (type area of
12.5x19.5 cm within that page size). Minimise page formatting codes to page numbers
only. Minimise layout: ie no justification (no page centering, not even of headings) which
means ragged right hand margin and straight left hand margin. No columns. No page, line
or word breaks. No headers and footers. Save files in the active format of the word
processor (*.doc, *.wpd, *.rtf) and do not use “flat ASCI”. It is very important that the
required electronic and hard copies of text files, tables, electronic line figures are
identical. Do not mount hard copies of figures in text nor embed electronic figures into
text files. Indicate placement of figures/tables in text files after their first mention, and
indicate this by: angular brackets, thus - <Figure 12>. Detailed Elsevier guidelines for
book authors will be distributed in due course.

Nomenclature – for a book, it is always important to be consistent. As we have a mixture
of South American, African, European and authors from many other parts, we have
decided to opt for “english” spelling rather than “North American” – ie words such as the

 “eolian” becomes “aeolian”;
“Archean” becomes “Archaean”;
“center” becomes “centre”; and so on.

If you wish to emphasize anything in your text, use underlining.

A keyword index is planned for this book. Indicate your own chosen keywords by
highlighting them (with a highlighter pen), only in the hard copy supplied of your final
manuscript. There will also be a separate page at the beginning of the book detailing all
authors’ address details and affiliations; with the headings of individual sections, only
authors’ initials and surnames will be noted. Please supply a postal, fax and e-mail
addresses for ALL authors, for the purposes of handling the proofs.

1st order = bold, all capitals, 14 font; double space below.
2nd order = bold, first letter capitals, 12 font, space above and below.
3rd order = first letter capitals, italics, 12 font, space above and below.
4th order = first letter capitals, italics, 12 font, space above but not below.

A single, consolidated reference list will be prepared for the book, by the editors, in the
style outlined below.

Single author, precedes author plus one co-author, precedes author plus two or more co-
authors; within each of these categories, arrange chronologically, viz:

Jones, 1969.
Jones, 1974.
Jones and Brown, 1971.
Jones, Brown and Smith, 1954.

Examples of reference format:
Jones, B.S. and Brown, Y.T., 1969. Title of article. J. Sediment. Petrol., 87A: 89-192.
Garrels, M., 1962. Title of book, nouns capitalised. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 423 p.
Brown, Y.T. and Jones, B.S., 1985. Title of paper in book. In: M.L. Black and J.T. Green
       (Editors), Title of book, nouns capitalised. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 43-75.

References within the text given as: …….(Jones, 1967), or as (Jones et al., 1978).

Figures, tables and equations
Tables and line figures must be submitted as separate electronic files from text files. All
figures (only black/white) to be supplied in hard and electronic form upon submission of
final manuscripts to editor(s). If you can also do this with first manuscripts, it will help us
a lot as we can then get started on a large drafting task. Figures cited in the text as:
“……..(Fig. 10)”; tables cited in text as: “…… (Table 12)” – i.e use arabic numerals for
both. Table captions to be with table and figure captions supplied as a separate list and
(text) file. Photos – please supply glossy originals (two originals for final submissions
please); photos and line figures with multiple parts to be labeled in top left corner with
arabic numerals. Prepare both tables and equations using your software package (i.e use
table editor etc).

Figure and table numbers to be assigned on a chapter basis – this will be finalized in
April 2007.
Contact details for editors:

Dr Claudio Gaucher
Department of Geology
Facultad de Ciencias
Igua 4225 – 11400 Montevideo

Ph: +598 2 7085402
Fax: +598 2 7094694
e-mail: gaucher@chasque.net

Prof Hartwig E Frimmel
Institute of Mineralogy
University of Wuerzburg
Am Hubland
D-97074 Wuerzburg

Ph. +49 – 931 – 888 5420
Fax +49 – 931 – 888 4620
e-mail: hartwig.frimmel@mail.uni-wuerzburg.de

Prof. Alcides N. Sial
Dept. of Geology
C.P. 7852 Cidade Universitaria
50670-000 Recife, PE
e-mail: sial@ufpe.br

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