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Creating a Safety Culture for Creating a Safety Culture forConstruction Safety

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					Creating a Safety Culture for
Construction Safety
      How to Increase the Effectiveness of
           Contractor Performance
Key for Avoiding Operational Impacts

                     John Hogan, CSP, ARM
                     Manager, Construction Safety Services
                     hogan.j@portseattle.org
2
USA Today review of data showed that
from the mid 1980’s to the beginning of
2001, there were at least 250 incidents
were pilots cited construction as a cause
for a pilot deviation.




                                        3
Background
Seattle Tacoma International Airport (STIA)
– Tenant & Terminal Projects
   • South & Central Terminals
– Airfield Improvement Projects
   • 3rd Runway
– Landside Projects
   • 160th Loop/Sound Transit
– Infrastructure Projects
                                        4
Background
State Labor & Industries
– Stute Decision: Multi-employer worksite
   • Highly Visible Projects
   • Regulatory Inspections
Owner Controlled Insurance Program
Project Labor Agreement
Port of Seattle Philosophy

                                            5
History
 1996 Zero Injury Culture adopted
 Started formal safety program 2000
 Major Specification/Program changes
 every year
 2004 focused on:
  – Zero Injury Culture
  – Competent Persons
  – Job Hazard Analysis
 2005-07 Continuous
       Improvement
                                       6
Defining the Program
 Goals
 – Proactive approach to mitigate risk & negative public
   relations exposures - Port of Seattle (POS) projects
   are highly visible and in the public eye
 – Ensure that Contractors maintain responsibility for
   safety on their project sites
 – Maintain a uniform & consistent Construction Safety
   Program on all POS projects for all Contractors
 – Provide safety oversight

                                                      7
Defining the Program
 Resources
 – Staffing
 – Equipment
 – Facilities
 Tasks to be performed - Upfront
 – CIP Construction Safety Program Development
    • OSHA/WISHA
    • Best Practices & ANSI Standards
       – Construction Industry Institute
 – Safety Management Contract Specification
   Development

                                                 8
Defining the Program
Tasks to be performed - Upfront
– CIP Construction Safety Program Development
   • OSHA/WISHA
   • Best Practices & ANSI Standards
   • Construction Industry Institute
      – Zero Injury Techniques
– Safety Management Contract Specification
  Development

                                             9
Defining the Program
 Tasks to be performed - Ongoing
 –   Site Specific Safety Plan Submittals
 –   Pre-bid/Pre-construction Meetings
 –   Pre Notice-to-Proceed Meetings
 –   Safety Orientations
 –   Environmental & Health Requirements
      • Asbestos Awareness, Silica Management, Noise
      • Hazardous Chemicals
      • Dirty Dirt
                                                       10
Defining the Program
 Tasks to be performed - Ongoing
 – Jobsite Safety Inspections
 – Training
    • External – Contractors and sub-tiered contractors
    • Internal – Port Employees and Consultants
    • Monthly Contractor Safety Rep. Meeting
 – Safety Committees
 – Accident Investigations
 – Lessons Learned
                                                    11
Interface
 Airport
  –   Operations           –   Risk Management
  –   Maintenance          –   Health & Safety
  –   Fire/Police          –   Legal
  –   Project Management   –   Environmental
  –   Tenant               –   Emergency Management




                                               12
Interface
 Insurance
  – AON - OCIP
    • AIG
 Construction Building Trades
  – Project Labor Agreement
 Industry Groups
  – Association of General Contractors
  – Puget Sound Area Safety Summit

                                         13
Costs/Benefits
 Costs
 – 0.5% to 1.5%
 – Variables
    • Project Size           • Number of Projects
    • Complexity/Nature of     – Location
      Work                   • Contractor/Sub-tiered
    • Logistics                – Skill Levels
    • Phasing & Shift work     – Past Experience
                               – Lagging Indicators
    • Staffing
                             • Types of Equipment
    • Apprenticeship

                                                       14
Costs/Benefits
Benefits
– Accomplishment of Project/Port Mission/Goals
– Savings
   • OCIP
   • Workers Compensation
   • Laws/Regulations
– Less Risk for Impacts
   • Budget
   • Schedule


                                                 15
Costs/Benefits
  Owner Benefits of Safe Work Environment
  – No Negative Publicity
  – Exposure to Customers/Public
  – Uniformity/Consistency with Port wide CIP’s




                                                  16
Costs/Benefits
Owner Benefits of
Safe Work
Environment

–   Risk Management
–   Owner’s Workforce
–   Trades
–   Crisis Management
    Awareness

                        17
Results
 Improved Safety Record on CIP
 Greater Involvement
 – External – Contractors and sub-tiered contractors
 – Internal – Port Employees and Consultants
 Construction Safety Program implemented for
 Seaport
 Program Recognition
 Quantifiable Results


                                                       18
                                                BENCHMARKING
                                 Total Number of Incidents/Injuries X 200,000
                                       Total Number of Employee Hours

   (POS Incident Rates (IR) are based on Aon Form-A man-hours and certified payroll man-hours. The STEP Project
   information represents the Security Program Incident Rates and Man-hours, not the original STEP program.




                    12             10.9
                    10                                        9.3
                                                                                                   8.8
                                            8         7.7
                     8                                                                                      6.6
                          5.6
                     6                                                 4.9         4.8
                                      4.6
                                                3.7     3.3      3.4                       3.4
                     4       3.1                                                                                  2.5
                                                                             1.9     1.4     1.9      1.6
                     2
                     0
                                                                         e
                      005  005  001  002  003  004  005  006     007 Dat
                  HA 2 HA 2 OS 2 OS 2 OS 2 OS 2 OS 2 OS 2 OS 2      T o
                OS WIS       P    P    P    P    P    P    P     am
             D-                                               ogr
          FE                                                Pr


                   RCR (Recordable)                   LWDCR (Lost Work Day)

Program                               Recordable's               Lost Work Day                   Total Recordable's
2001 Year Totals                                14                           12                              26
2002 Year Totals                                32                           25                              57
2003 Year Totals                                42                           24                              66
2004 Year Totals                                21                           13                              34
2005 Year Totals                                24                           10                              34
2006 Year Totals                                8                            10                              18
2007 Year To Date                               26                            6                              32
                                                                                                                        19
Program To Date                                 167                          100                            267
Conclusion
 Systematic Approach to Mitigate Risk
 – Not a magic wand
 – Proven results




                                        20
The End
 Thank you for your time.
 Questions?
 Final Remarks
 Take care & Be Safe!

                            21

				
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Description: Creating a Safety Culture for Creating a Safety Culture for Construction Safety