National Advisory Council discussed A broad framework for Food Security September 2010 Working Group on Food Security A broad framework for Food Security • Swift initiation of programmes for relieving disadvantaged citizens from chronic hunger and malnutrition. (pregnant and nursing mothers, infants in the age group of zero to three, and other disadvantaged citizens). • The NAC has stressed that in the design of the delivery system there should be a proper match between challenge and response, (as for example, the starting of community kitchens in urban areas). • The NAC has proposed a phased programme of implementation of the goal of public distribution system. This will start with either one-fourth of the districts or blocks in 2011-12 and may cover the whole country by 2015 . • Required to be developed are the : infrastructure such as grain storage facilities and Village Knowledge Centres and the issue of Household Entitlements Passbooks. • The NAC is hoping to develop inputs for the proposed Food Security Act covering legal entitlements and enabling provisions based on the principle of common but differentiated entitlements, taking into account the unmet needs of the underprivileged. The proposal supported by the Planning Commission, suggesting that the Tendulkar committee figures for those living below the poverty line be the cut off for providing food grains at Rs 3 per kg, could now get greater weightage. The favoured proposal also recommends that only 33% of the urban population be provided subsidized grains and provide differential services to different income segments. The proposal may allow for the rural population living above the Tendulkar poverty line -- or Above Poverty Line beneficiaries -- to get only 25 kg of food grain, at a higher rate. The step away from universalisation of the PDS scheme, if accepted, would radically reduce the number of beneficiaries of the proposed Act as well as pare down the government's annual subsidy bill by Rs 15,000- 20,000 crore. Planning Commission GOI - India's Nutrition Challenges Full story: www.youtube.com 10 August 2010 New Delhi N.k.sagar _ Sagar Media: Press release -India's Nutrition Challenges -: India faces the development paradox of being in the front ranks of fast growing global economies, with vibrant economic growth rates in stark contrast- around one third of the world's undernourished children are found in India. The above development paradox persists in spite of strong Constitutional legislative, policy, plans and programme commitments that address the multidimensional nature of the nutrition challenges. Various national programmes are: • Integrated Child Development Services, • National rural Health Mission, • Janani Suraksha Yojana, • Total Sanitation Campaign, • National Rural drinking water Programme, • Mid Day Meals Scheme, • Target Public Distribution System, • National Horticulture Mission, • MGNREG Scheme, • National food Security Mission and • National Rural Livelihood Missions. • Coverage has expanded significantly over past couple of years. • India where every third women is undernourished and every second young child faces the same deficiency. • Planning Commission Government of India has therefore organized Multi stakeholder retreat to address Nutrition Policy, its planning and surveillance. Explore causes of food insecurity in India • It has been observed that the proportion of the malnourished fell by about one per cent, (FAO,2002) through the nineties in India but their absolute numbers increased by about 18 million. • It is a problem where a certain sector suffer from a shortage of food in a general climate of rising production. There is a near break down of targeted distribution system in many parts of India. Explore causes of food insecurity in India • Problems of India today are the shrinking of agrarian and informal sector incomes and • failures (both due to policy framing as well as implementation) of support led measures to combat poverty. • In developing countries the poor spend upwards of 50% of their income on food – the poorest spend 80% or more. The increase in food prices has increased not just poverty, but also hunger. • Some elements that have influenced the rise in agricultural commodity prices are, among others: scarce water supplies, production costs, droughts and climate change. • We need a new food system, a system that respects political, social, cultural, and environmental rights as well as the economic importance of agriculture. • Governments need to integrate respect for the universal human right to food in all economic policy planning.