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India-Food-Security-2011

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					National Advisory Council discussed
      A broad framework for
          Food Security


          September 2010
          Working Group on
           Food Security
           A broad framework for Food
                     Security
• Swift initiation of programmes for relieving
  disadvantaged citizens from chronic hunger and
  malnutrition. (pregnant and nursing mothers,
  infants in the age group of zero to three, and
  other disadvantaged citizens).
• The NAC has stressed that in the design of the
  delivery system there should be a proper match
  between challenge and response, (as for
  example, the starting of community kitchens in
  urban areas).
• The NAC has proposed a phased programme of
  implementation of the goal of public distribution
  system. This will start with either one-fourth of the
  districts or blocks in 2011-12 and may cover the
  whole country by 2015 .
• Required to be developed are the : infrastructure
  such as grain storage facilities and Village Knowledge
  Centres and the issue of Household Entitlements
  Passbooks.
• The NAC is hoping to develop inputs for the proposed
  Food Security Act covering legal entitlements and
  enabling provisions based on the principle of
  common but differentiated entitlements, taking into
  account the unmet needs of the underprivileged.
The proposal supported by the Planning Commission,
suggesting that the Tendulkar committee figures for
those living below the poverty line be the cut off for
providing food grains at Rs 3 per kg, could now get
greater weightage.
The favoured proposal also recommends that only
33% of the urban population be provided subsidized
grains and provide differential services to different
income segments.
The proposal may allow for the rural population living
above the Tendulkar poverty line -- or Above Poverty
Line beneficiaries -- to get only 25 kg of food grain, at a
higher rate.
The step away from universalisation of the PDS scheme,
if accepted, would radically reduce the number of
beneficiaries of the proposed Act as well as pare down
the government's annual subsidy bill by Rs 15,000-
20,000 crore.
Planning Commission GOI - India's Nutrition Challenges
Full story: www.youtube.com

10 August 2010 New Delhi N.k.sagar _ Sagar Media:
Press release -India's Nutrition Challenges -: India faces
the development paradox of being in the front ranks of
fast growing global economies, with vibrant economic
growth rates in stark contrast- around one third of the
world's undernourished children are found in India. The
above development paradox persists in spite of strong
Constitutional legislative, policy, plans and programme
commitments that address the multidimensional nature
of the nutrition challenges.
Various national programmes are:
• Integrated Child Development Services,
• National rural Health Mission,
• Janani Suraksha Yojana,
• Total Sanitation Campaign,
• National Rural drinking water Programme,
• Mid Day Meals Scheme,
• Target Public Distribution System,
• National Horticulture Mission,
• MGNREG Scheme,
• National food Security Mission and
• National Rural Livelihood Missions.
• Coverage has expanded significantly over past
   couple of years.
• India where every third women is undernourished
   and every second young child faces the same
   deficiency.
• Planning Commission Government of India has
   therefore organized Multi stakeholder retreat to
   address Nutrition Policy, its planning and
   surveillance.
  Explore causes of food insecurity in India

• It has been observed that the proportion of
  the malnourished fell by about one per cent,
  (FAO,2002) through the nineties in India but
  their absolute numbers increased by about 18
  million.
• It is a problem where a certain sector suffer
  from a shortage of food in a general climate of
  rising production. There is a near break down
  of targeted distribution system in many parts
  of India.
 Explore causes of food insecurity in India

• Problems of India today are the shrinking of
  agrarian and informal sector incomes and

• failures (both due to policy framing as well as
  implementation) of support led measures to
  combat poverty.
• In developing countries the poor spend upwards
  of 50% of their income on food – the poorest
  spend 80% or more. The increase in food prices
  has increased not just poverty, but also hunger.

• Some elements that have influenced the rise in
  agricultural commodity prices are, among
  others: scarce water supplies, production costs,
  droughts and climate change.
• We need a new food system, a system that
  respects political, social, cultural, and
  environmental rights as well as the
  economic importance of agriculture.
• Governments need to integrate respect for
  the universal human right to food in all
  economic policy planning.

				
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Description: Working Group on Food Security - Sept- 2010