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					The Catechumenate
     Journey
Last week‟s session:
•   A Brief History of the Christian Initiation
•   RCIA Teams and their Roles
•   Resources on the topic presented.
•   Please refer to the Resource table for
    RCIA resources, with price list and how to
    order forms.
                 Agenda
• Strategies for getting to know people
• Knowledge of other religions
• Discernments
Strategies for getting to know each
                other
•   Photo Show and Tell
•   Blank Jigsaw
•   Music
•   Hebrew Supper
•   Shared Meal
            Other Religions
•   Islam
•   Judaism
•   Buddhism
•   Hinduism
•   Christian Religions
                  Judaism
• Genesis 17:1 Abraham: “Live in my presence,
  be perfect, and I shall grant a covenant between
  Myself and you, and make you numerous”.
• Genesis 17: The Covenant sign of Abraham and
  his male descendants in perpetuity is
  „circumcision‟.
• Exodus: 19:3 Moses: “So now, if you are really
  prepared to obey me and keep my covenant,
  you out of all peoples, …shall be a kingdom of
  priests, a holy nation.”
• Exodus: 20: 1-21 “The Decalogue”
• 2 Samuel 5:2 David: “You are to shepherd my
  people Israel and be leader of Israel.”
•   TORAH (The Law):
•   Bereishith (In the beginning...) (Genesis)
•   Shemoth (The names...) (Exodus)
•   Vayiqra (And He called...) (Leviticus)
•   Bamidbar (In the wilderness...) (Numbers)
•   Devarim (The words...) (Deuteronomy)
•   NEVI'IM (The Prophets):
•   Yehoshua (Joshua)
•   Shoftim (Judges)
•   Shmuel (I &II Samuel)
•
•
•
    Melakhim (I & II Kings)
    Yeshayah (Isaiah)
    Yirmyah (Jeremiah)
                                                           • Tanakh: Hebrew
•
•
    Yechezqel (Ezekiel)
    The Twelve (treated as one book)
      –     Hoshea (Hosea)
                                                             Scripture
      –
      –
      –
            Yoel (Joel)
            Amos
            Ovadyah (Obadiah)
                                                           • Torah: The Law
      –
      –
            Yonah (Jonah)
            Mikhah (Micah)                                   (The Pentateuch)
      –

                                                           • Talmud: collection
            Nachum
      –     Chavaqquq (Habbakkuk)
      –     Tzefanyah (Zephaniah)
      –     Chaggai
      –
      –
            Zekharyah (Zechariah)
            Malakhi
                                                             of law and tradition
                                                           • Midrash: exegesis
•   KETHUVIM (The Writings):
•   Tehillim (Psalms)
•   Mishlei (Proverbs)
•
•
•
    Iyov (Job)
    Shir Ha Shirim (Song of Songs)
    Ruth
                                                             of Scripture
•
•
•
    Eikhah (Lamentations)
    Qoheleth (the author's name) (Ecclesiastes)
    Esther
                                                           • Haggadah: legends
•
•
•
    Daniel
    Ezra & Nechemyah (Nehemiah) (treated as one book)
    Divrei Ha Yamim (The words of the days) (Chronicles)
                                                             of Jews
                      Hinduism
• Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world with 900
  million membership world wide.
• Hindus believe in the creator god Brahman, who is present
  in everything and has an eternal soul.
• They also worship other deities such as Ram, Shiva,
  Lakshmi and Hanuman, who characterise different
  attributes of Brahman.
• Belief in reincarnation, that is a cycle of birth, death, and
  rebirth, governs successive life that reflects how the
  previous life was lived.
• The Hindu text Vedas, defines truth. It‟s present form dates
  to 1200-200 BC. The Vedas include hymns to praise god;
  ritual and prayers to guide priests; contain guidelines for
  worship and meditation; and the Upanishads that teach
  mysticism and Hindu philosophy.
• Hindu sacred texts were received by scholars directly from
  God and passed onto generations by word of mouth.
• Hindus celebrate many holy days, but the Festival of
  Lights, Diwali is the most well known.
                  BUDDHISM
• Buddha lived 2500 years ago.
• He held Four Noble Truths being:
• The truth of suffering (Dukkha)
• The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudāya)
• The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)
• The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering
  (Magga)
• Buddha developed his philosophy while
  meditating under a Bohdi tree: compared to a
  physician; he diagnosed the problem, identified
  its cause; realised a cure and in the fourth final
  truth prescribed the release from suffering:
• Buddhism offers a spiritual guide to attaining a
  deeper insight of the self and truth, and the quest
  for enlightenment.
• The Buddhist journey to enlightenment involves
  moral living, meditation and thus wisdom.
• Although Buddhists do not believe in a personal
  god, their belief in god involves rituals, festivals
  and worship at home or at temples.
• Buddhism teaches that all life is interconnected,
  so compassion is natural and important.
• Buddhist membership is 376 million followers.
                         ISLAM
• Islam means 'submission to the will of God'.
• Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over
  1 billion followers. Muslim‟s identify their faith as a
  universal bond.
• Islam is monotheistic; The Arabic word for God is Allah.
• Muslims believe God has sent several prophets to guide
  people in living according to divine law, including Jesus,
  Moses and Abraham.
• The final Prophet was Muhammad (peace be upon him).
• The main sacred text of Islam is called the Qur'an.
• There are five basic Pillars of Islam: faith, praying five
  times a day, charity, fasting and a once in a lifetime
  pilgrimage to Mecca.
  Religious comparison on life issues


• Hinduism                     • Buddhism
• Abortion: choose the         • Abortion conditional on
  action that does the least     individual circumstances
  harm to mother, father,
  and foetus



• Islam                        • Judaism
• Abortion is forbidden        • Abortion is permitted for
                                 serious circumstances
                                 but not on demand.r
         Capital punishment:
                           • Judaism: “Thou shalt not
• Buddhists believe this     kill” Exodus 20:13
  interferes with the
  cycle of incarnation
  which affects the soul
  of both the offender
                           • Islam: condoned for
  and the executioner.       murder or the “spreading
                             of mischief”
          Euthanasia or suicide
• Islam: Allah is judge of all   • Judaism: forbidden
  life; we must not interfere
  in the divine plan
• ? Suicide bombers


• Hinduism: bad karma will       • Buddhism: no unanimous
  affect reincarnation             view
                      War
• Islam: strict guidelines • Hinduism: non-
  on the ethics, limits      violence and moral
  and conduct of war.        duty to uphold peace.

                        • Judaism: certain wars
• Buddhism: premise of
                          can be ethically
  peace; violence never
                          justified.
  solves conflict.
         Christian reciprocation:
• Baptist Church view: "Yes, we do have a
  particular view on baptism, but again it has to do
  with our greater commitment to freedom. We
  believe that the symbol of being baptised (being
  plunged under water and then brought up again)
  is an illustration of burial and resurrection. This
  indicates a believer re-enacting Jesus' death
  and resurrection as being a substitute for his or
  her own.
• For this reason, we baptise believers who are
  free to choose faith in Christ and we prefer
  baptism by full immersion.
• Baptism does not make a person right with God,
  but is an expression of an inner spiritual
  commitment."
         Communion Confusion
• Transubstantiation: transforms the substance
Christ “perpetuates the sacrifice of the cross
  through the centuries until He should come
  again…a memorial of His death and
  resurrection: a sacrament of love, a sign of unity,
  a bond of charity, …the mind is filled with grace,”
  [Sacrosunctum Concilium #47]
• Consubstantiation: con meaning „with‟
• Symbolism: representation of the Last Supper
Anglican Book of Common Prayer 1662: [Black
  Rubric]
“Communicants should receive the same
  kneeling;…no adoration is intended, or ought to
  be done;…for that were idolatry, to be
  abhorred…and the natural Body and Blood of
  our Saviour Christ are in Heaven, and not here,
“concretely, far more than in the past, how
  much she (The Catholic Latin Rite)
  esteems and admires the Christian East and
  how essential she considers its contribution to
  the full realisation of the Church’s
  universality”
Orientale Lumen #3
• “perhaps the thirst for the mystical
  east, which has drawn so many Latin
  Catholics to Buddhism, Hinduism and
  Islam, may be quenched by the rich
  and as yet untapped wealth of the
  Catholic east.”



• [Andrew Karnia „The Australian Catholic Record April 2004, Vol:81
  No.2]
             “Breathing with two lungs”
  Catholic universality includes the east and the west
Rome               Jerusalem                Antioch
Founder:           Founder:                                     Constantinople
                                            Founded by St
St Peter           St James                                     Founder St Andrew
                                            Peter
Pope/Bishop of     Still has a patriarch,                       Albanian
                                            (before he became
Rome               But no distinct rites                        Byelorussian
                                            bishop of Rome)
Ambrosian          remain in existence                          Bulgarian
                                            Armenian
(Milan)                                                         Byzantine
                                            Maronite
Latin                                                           Greek
                                            Syrian
Mozarabic                                                       Hungarian
                                            Chaldean
(Spain)                                                         Italo-Albanian
Celtic (extinct)                                                Melkite
                   Alexandrian                                  Romanian
                   Founder: St Mark         Founder: St
                                                                Russian
                   Coptic                   Thomas
                                                                Ruthenian
                   Ethiopian                Malabar
                                                                Slovakian
                                            Malankar
                                                                Ukrainian
“The Church does not require
 schismatic's to abandon their rites
 when they return to Catholic unity, but
 only that they forswear and detest
 heresy. Its great desire is for the
 preservation, not the destruction, of
 different peoples – in short, that all
 may be Catholic rather than all become
 Latin.”
Allatae Sunt, #48
          Christian Churches
•   Anglicans
•   Lutherans
•   Baptists
•   Uniting Church
•   Mormons, Adventists, Jehovah‟s
    Witnesses
                 Anglican
• Books:
  – New Testament
  – old testaments without Apocrypha
• Prayers of Belief:
  – Apostles Creed
  – Nicene Creed
               Anglican (Cont)
• Service
  – Mass
  – Communion Service
• Sacraments
  – Baptism
  – Communion (consubstantiation )
• Baptism
  – Infant to Adult
                 Anglican
• Areas of Difference
  – Monarch is Head of Church
  – Chuches are autonomous
  – Archbishop of Canterbury – pastoral leader
  – Married priests
  – Women Priests and Bishops
  – Marian Beliefs
                Lutherans
• Books:
  – New Testament
  – old testaments without Apocrypha
• Prayers of Belief:
  – Apostles Creed
  – Nicene Creed
  – Athanacia
              Lutherans (cont)
• Service: preaching and communion
• Sacraments
  – Confession and absolution
  – Baptism
  – Communion (consubstantiation )
• Baptism
  – Infant to adult
                  Baptists
• Books:
  – New Testament
  – old testaments without Apocrypha
• Service
  – Evangelical Preaching
• Baptism
  – Adults by Full immersion
                 Baptists
• Points of Difference
  – Baptised join in Last Supper Service
  – Usually held once a month
  – Service is to remember Jesus and is not a
    sacrament
  – Church membership by Invitation not Choice
  – Freedom of belief
  – Jesus Christ is Head of Church
            Uniting Church
• Books:
  – New Testament
  – Old testaments without Apocrypha
• Prayers of Belief:
  – Apostles Creed
• Sacraments
  – Baptism and Confirmation
            Uniting Church
• Service
  – Worship Service
• Baptism
  – Infant to Adult
  – Non immersion
  – Specific days (Easter, Pentecost, Advent)
              Uniting Church
• Points of difference
  – Men and Women ordained to preach Gospel
  – Two Offices –
     • Ministry of Word
     • Ministry of Deacon
  – Lay preachers
  – Elders (leadership role)
  – Understanding of Eucharist
 Mormons, Adventists, Jehovah‟s
          Witnesses
• Differences are many
• Research if necessary
           Discernment
• Wisdom of Buddha
       Buddhist 8 fold Journey
•   Right understanding of the Four Noble Truths.
•   Right thinking; following the right path in life.
•   Right speech; no lying, criticism, condemning gossip,
    harsh language.
•   Right conduct by following the five Precepts
•   Right livelihood, support yourself without harming
    others
•   Right effort; promote good thoughts , conquer evil
    thoughts
•   Right mindfulness; become aware of your body, mind
    and feelings
•   Right concentration; meditate to achieve a higher state
    of consciousness
           Reference Material
•   Wikipedia
•   www.uca.org.au (Uniting Church)
•   www.lca.org.au (Lutheran Church)
•   www.anglican.org.au (Anglican Church)
•   www.lds.org.au (Mormon Church)
•   www.religioustolerance.org (general ref)
•   www.findingdulinea.com (Protestant )
                    RESOURCES:
•   Encyclical: Orientale Lumen
•   Encyclical: Allatae Sunt
•   Documents of Vatican II: Sacrosunctum Concilium #47
•   Andrew Karnia „The Australian Catholic Record April 2004, Vol:81
    No.2
•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/holydays/
•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/index.shtml
•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/index.shtml
•   http://www.jewfaq.org/torah.htm
•   http://www.baptist.org.au/index.php?Itemid=15&id=29&option=com_
    content&task=view
•   http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06073a.htm
•   http://www.eskimo.com/~lhowell/bcp1662/communion/index.html
•   http://www.campusprogram.com/reference/en/wikipedia/tr/transubst
    antion.html

				
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