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									                                                Encyclopedia of Russian History

                      History                  Literature                Economics/Daily Life               Art and Music

             Standard & Examples         Standard & Examples        Standard & Examples               Standard & Examples
             [NCHS] : "The student
             can understand the
             causes of the Russian
             rebellion of 1905 and                                                                   NCHS: "Evaluate major
             assess its impact on      NCTE: "Students read a                                        achievements in
             reform in the             wide range of literature     NCSS: "Apply economic            literature, music,
             succeeding decade . . .   from many periods in         concepts and reasoning when      painting, sculpture, and
             .the Leninist political   many genres to build an      evaluating historical ... social architecture in 16th-
             ideology and how the      understanding of the         developments and issues."        century Europe." Entries
             Bolsheviks adapted        many dimensions (e.g.,       Articles on Bureaucracy,         on Architecture; Ballet;
             Marxist ideas to          philosophical, ethical,      Economic; Capitalism in Russia; Cabaret; Chagall, Marc;
             conditions peculiar to    aesthetic) of human          Crony Capitalism; Economy,       Faberge, Peter Carl;
             Russia. . . . the rising  experience." Entries on      Current; Economy, Tsarist;       Folk Music, Russian;
             military and bureaucratic Chapbook Literature;         Foreign Trade; Gold Standard;    Icon; Military Art; Motion
             power of European         Chekhov, Anton;              Market Socialism; Marxism;       Pictures; Music;
             states between the 16th   Dostoyevsky, Fyodor;         Military-Industrial Complex;     Nijinsky, Vlaslav; Opera;
             and 18th centuries . . .  Golden Age of Russian        Monetary System, Soviet;         Pavlova, Anna;

             Describe the rise of      Literature; Pushkin,         Peasant Economy; Primitive       Prokofiev, Serge;
             Joseph Stalin to power    Alexander;                   Capitalist/Socialist             Rachmaninov, Serge;
             in the Soviet Union and   Solzhenitsyn,                Accumulation; State Capitalism; Repin, Ilya;
             analyze ways in which     Alexander; Tolstoy, Leo.     Taxes; War Economy.              Tchaikovsky, Peter.
                                       Analyze recognized                                            Students analyze the
                                       works of world literature                                     role and development of
                                       from a variety of authors                                     the visual arts in past
                                       . . . Contrast the major                                      and present cultures
                                       literary forms,                                               throughout the world,
             "Describe the growth      techniques, and                                               noting human diversity
             and effects of new ways characteristics of the                                          as it relates to the visual
             of disseminating          major literary periods . .                                    arts and artists.
             information (e.g., the    . Relate literary works                                       Research and analyze
             ability to manufacture    and authors to the                                            the work of an artist and
             paper, translation of the major themes and                                              write about the artist's
             Bible into the            issues of their eras . . .                                    distinctive style and its
             vernacular, printing)."   Evaluate the                                                  contribution to the
             Academy of Sciences;      philosophical, political,                                     meaning of the work."
             Universities;             religious, ethical, and                                       Articles on Architecture;
             Newspapers;               social influences of the                                      Ballet; Cabaret; Chagall,

             Journalism, Russian       historical period that                                        Marc; Faberge, Peter
             State Library,            shaped the characters,                                        Carl; Icon; Matroshka
             Communist Information plots, and, settings.                                             Dolls; Military Art;
             Bureau; Postal System. Entries on Chekhov,                                              Motion Pictures; Music;
                                                                                                  "The student
                                                                                                  understands critical and
                                                                                                  aesthetic statements in
                                                                                                  terms of historical
           "Extends and refines                                                                   reference while
           knowledge of political,                                                                researching works of
           economic, and social      "The student analyzes     "Students will compare the         art." Entries include
           institutions in the       the relationships among extent to which different            Architecture; Ballet;
           development of selected author's style, literary    economic systems achieve           Cabaret; Chagall, Marc;
           civilizations (e.g., the  form, and intended        goals, such as economic growth Faberge, Peter Carl;
           Catholic Church in        impact on the reader."    and stability, equity of income    Folk Music, Russian;
           Europe)." Entries on      Entries on                distribution, freedom of choice, Icon; Military Art; Motion
           Universities; Legal       Enlightenment; Folklore; and economic security." Entries Pictures; Music; Opera;
           Systems; Russian          Golden Age of Russian include Economic Growth,               Pavlova, Serge;

           Orthodox Church;          Literature; Neo-          Soviet; Economy, Current;          Rachmaninov, Serge;
           Banking System, Soviet; Classicism; Science         Socialism; Monetary System,        Repin, Ilya;
           Banking System, Tsarist. Fiction.                   Soviet, Five-Year Plans.           Tchaikovsky, Peter.
                                                                                                  "Students can evaluate
                                                                                                  how the arts function in
                                                                                                  historical, societal, and
           "Students can identify                                                                 personal contexts. . . .
           an historical event in                                                                 analyze the impact of
           which the United States                                                                political actions, current
           played a significant role                                                              events, and natural
           in the foreign policy of  "Students will be able to "Explain how social institutions   phenomena on the
           another nation or region compare and contrast       contribute to the development      development and
           (e.g., the Cold War       common literary themes and transmission of culture."         production of art."
           policy of containment     across various societies Entries on Childhood and            Ariticles include
           upon the Soviet Union)." and eras." Entries on      Childrearing; Family;              Censorship; Folk Music,
           Entries include: Cold     Enlightenment; Folklore; Motherhood and Child Rearing; Russian; Icon; Military
           War; United States,       Golden Age of Russian Youth; Old Age; Academies,             Art; Motion Pictures;

           Relations with; Cuban     Literature; Neo-          Learned; Academies, Scientific; Music; Prison Songs;
           Missile Crisis; U-2 Spy   Classicism; Science       Communication, Scientific;         Russian Association of
           Plane Incident.           Fiction.                  Salons; Universities.              Proletarian Writers.
                                                                                                  "Students develop and
                                                                                                  understanding of the
                                                                                                  personal and cultural
           "Recognize the reasons "Students evaluate           "Students know the social and      forces that shape
           for periodizing history   literary merit based on   economic characteristics, such artistic communication
           and know some             an understanding of the as customs, traditions, ways of      and how the arts in turn
           designations for          genre, the literary       making a living, education and     shape the diverse
           historical periods. . .   elements, and the         socialization practices, that      cultures of past and
           .understand major         literary period and       distinguish different cultures and present." Entries on
           ideas, developments,      tradition." Articles on   civilizations." Articles include   Architecture; Ballet;
           and turning points in     Enlightenment; Folklore; Black Market; Capitalism in         Cabaret; Censorship;
           world history" Entries on Golden Age of Russian Russia; Cooperative Societies;         Folk Music, Russian;
           Classicism;               Literature; Neo-          Economy, Current; Economy,         Icon; Military Art; Motion
New York

           Enlightenment, Impact     Classicism; Science       Tsarist; Industrialization; Labor; Pictures; Music; Prison
           of; Byzantium, Influence Fiction; Theater; "Thick" Peasant Economy; Serfdom;           Songs; Russian
           of; Cold War; Russian     Journals; "Thin"          Stock Exchanges; Workers'          Association of
           Revolutions of 1917.      Journals.                 Control.                           Proletarian Writers.
            "The student is
            expected to identify
            causes and evaluate
            effects of major political
            revolutions since the
            17th century, including        "The student is
            the English, American,        expected to read . .
            French, and Russian           .world literature,
            revolutions. . . . evaluate   including classic and       "Students will understand basic   "Students will compare
            how the American              contemporary works;         principles concerning             and contrast historical
            Revolution differed from      and . . . interpret the     production, consumption, and      and contemporary
            the Russian revolution,       possible influences of      distribution of goods and         styles, identifying
            including its long-term       the historical context on   services in the United States     general themes and
            impact on political           a literary work." Entries   and a comparison with those in    trends . . . describe
            developments around           on Chekhov, Anton;          other countries around the        general characteristics
            the world. . . .describe      Dostoyevsky, Fyodor;        world." Entries include           in artworks from a
            the connection between        Golden Age of Russian       Agriculture; Production Sharing   variety of cultures."
            scientific discoveries        Literature; Pushkin,        Agreement; Economy, Current;      Entries include Neo-
            and technological             Alexander;                  Economy, Tsarist; Foreign         Classicism; Futurism;

            innovations and new           Solzhenitsyn,               Trade; Trade Routes; Trade        Silver Age; Golden Age
            patterns of social and        Alexander; Tolstoy, Leo.    Statutes of 1653 and 1667.        of Russian Literature.

All standards are for high school unless otherwise noted.

Standards of the National Center for History in the Schools (NCHS) can be found at
Information on standards of the National Council for Social Studies (NCSS) can be found at
California standards can be found at
Florida standards can be found at
Illinois standards can be found at
New York standards can be found at A12
Texas standards can be found at
dia of Russian History

                          Science & Technology

                         Standard & Examples

                         NCSS: "The learner can
                         analyze how science and
                         technology influence the
                         core values, beliefs, and
                         attitudes of society, and
                         how core values, beliefs,
                         and attitudes of society
                         shape scientific and
                         technological change."
                         Entries on Academy of
                         Sciences; Atomic Energy;
                         Chernobyl; International
                         Space Station; MIR
                         Space Station; Science
                         and Technology Policy;
                         Space Program; Sputnik;
                         Strategic Defense

                         "Students investigate a
                         science-based societal
                         issue by researching the
                         literature, analyzing data,
                         and communicating the
                         findings." Entries on
                         Abortion Policy; Atomic
                         Energy; Chernobyl;
                         Climate; Demography;
                         Geneticists; Geography.
The student extends
understanding of the ways
technological factors have
influenced selected
groups over time (e.g.,
transportation in the
Western Hemisphere.
Entries on Atomic Energy;
Aviation; Canals;
Industrialization; Postal
System; Radio; Railways;
Subway Systems; Trans-
Siberian Railway.

"Students will be able to
compare ways in which
social systems are
affected by political,
environmental, economic
and technological
changes." Entries on Cold
War; Colonialism;
Economic Growth, Soviet;
Education; Exploration;
Geography; Military

"Students explain how
technological change
affects people, places,
and regions." Entries on
Atomic Energy; Aviation;
Canals; Exploration;
Industrialization; Postal
System; Radio; Railways;
Subway Systems; Trans-
Siberian Railway.
HS) can be found at

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