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									     REVISED COURSE STRUCTURE
             &SYLLABUS


 B. Tech Agricultural Engineering
 B. Tech Water Resource Engineering

 B. Tech Food Technology (Process & Food

  Engineering)



     College of Agricultural Engineering & Technology
    Allahabad Agricultural Institute – Deemed University
                         Allahabad
                            2009

                             1
                     Revised Course Structure for
                    B-Tech Agricultural Engineering
                           Applicable from 2009 Batch
 SEMESTER – I
S. No.   Course Code                      Course Title            L- T- P Credits
   1.                    Professional Communication & Technical
         LNG      304                                             3- 0-0     3
                         Writing
   2.     GPT     301    Moral &Value Education                   2- 0 -0    2
   3.     ME      303    Engineering Drawing                      0- 0- 2    2
   4.     EEE     301    Basic Electrical Engineering             2 -1- 1    4
   5.    AGRN     403    Principles of Agriculture (PCM Group)    2- 0- 1    3
   6.     ECE     301    Basic Electronics                        2- 1- 1    4
   7.    MAS      312    Elementary Mathematics (Ag. Group)       3- 0- 0    3
   8.     PHY     312    Engineering Physics                      3- 1- 1    5
   9.    COMP     410    Computer and Languages                   2- 1- 1    4
 SEMESTER II
S. No.    Course Code                     Course Title            L- T- P Credits
  1.      SES     401    Principles of Soil Science               2- 0- 1    3
  2.      ME      304    Workshop Practice & Technology           2- 0- 2    4
  3.      CE      401    Engineering Mechanics                    3- 0- 0    3
  4.                     CAD/CAM Machine Drawing & Computer
          ME      413                                             1- 0- 2    3
                         Graphics
  5.      MAS     411    Engineering Mathematics –I               3- 1- 0    4
  6.      ME      408    Engineering Thermodynamics               2- 0- 1    3
  7.     AGRN     301    Horticultural & Field Crops              2- 0-1     3
  8.     CHEM     520    Engineering Chemistry                    2- 0- 1    3
 SEMESTER – III
S. No.    Course Code                     Course Title            L- T- P Credits
  1.      FMP      302   Farm Implements                           2-0-1     3
  2.       CE      402   Surveying & Leveling                      2-0-2     4
  3.     MBGE      327   Introductory Biotechnology                3-0-0     3
  4.       CE      408   Strength of Materials                     2-1-0     3
  5.      EEE      402   Electrical Machines                       2-0-1     3
  6.      EXT      301   Extension Education                       2-0-1     3
  7.     MAS       490   Engineering Mathematics -II               3-1-0     4
  8.     MAS       511   Statistical Methods                       2-0-1     3
   9.                    Database Management & Internet
         COMP      409                                            1-0-2      3
                         Applications
 SEMESTER – IV
S. No.    Course Code                     Course Title            L- T- P Credits
  1.       CE     406    Fluid Mechanics                           3-0-1     4
  2.      FMP     402    Farm Machinery                            3-0-1     4
  3.     SWLE     403    Engineering Hydrology                     3-0-0     3
  4.     APFE     504    Unit operation in Food Engg.              3-0-1     4

                                                  2
 5.      CE      410     Soil Mechanics                                      2-1-0     3
 6.      ME      503     Heat & Mass Transfer                                3-0-1     4
 7.      SES     503     Soil Physics                                        2-0-1     3
 8.      ME      414     Theory of Machines                                  2-0-1     3
 9.      SES     415     Environmental Studies – I                           2-0-0     2

SEMESTER – V

S. No.   Course Code                      Course Title                      L- T- P Credits
  1       ME     502     Refrigeration and Air Conditioning                  2-0-1     3
  2.      CE     409     Building Materials and Structural Design            2-1-0     3
  3.      ME     415     Machine Design                                      3-1-0     4
  4.     ABM     502     Agri Business Management                            3-0-0     3
  5.                     Field Operation and Maintenance of Tractors
         FMP     503                                                         1-0-2     3
                         and Farm Machinery
  6.     APFE    401     Engineering Properties of Biological Materials      2-0-1     3
  7.     SWLE    404     Well & Pumps                                        2-0-1     3
  8.      SES    416     Environmental Studies – II                          2-0-0     2
  9.      AET    400     Training – I                                        0-0-1     1

SEMESTER - VI

S. No.    Course Code                     Course Title                      L- T- P Credits
  1.      ECE     512    Instrumentation and Control Engineering             2-0-1    3
  2.      MAS     512    Operation Research                                  3-0-0    3
  3.     APFE     511    Post Harvest and Storage Engineering                3-0-1    4
  4.      FMP     501    Tractors and Power Units                            3-0-1    4
  5.     SWLE     501    Soil and Water Conservation Engineering             2-0-1    3
  6.     APFE     516    Crop Process Engineering                            2-0-1    3
   7     SWLE     502    Irrigation Engineering                              3-0-1    4

SEMESTER - VII

S. No.   Course Code                     Course Title                       L- T- P Credits
  1.     FMP     502    Renewable Energy                                     2-0-1     3
  2.     FMP     601    Farm Machinery Design and Testing                    3-0-1     4
  3.     SWLE    505    Drainage Engineering                                 2-0-1     3
  4.     APFE    512    Dairy and Food Engineering                           3-0-1     4
  5.     AET     601    Entrepreneurship Development on Agro - Industries    3-0-0     3
  6.     SWLE    503    Hydraulics and Design of Irrigation Systems          3-0-0     3
  7.     SWLE    504    Soil and Water Conservation Structures               2-0-0     2
  8.     AET     500    Training- II                                         0-0-1     1
  9.     AET     580    Seminar –I                                           0-0-1     1
 10.     AET    699 a   Project (Project Formulation)                        0-0-3     3
 11.     AET     600    Educational Tour/Field Visit                          NC
SEMESTER - VIII
S. No. Course Code                        Course Title                      L- T- P Credits
  1.     SWLE            Elective – I Soil and Water Engineering
                                                                             3-0-0     3
                                        (any one)
  2.     FMP             Elective – II Farm Machinery & Power                3-0-0     3

                                                     3
                                      Engineering (any one)
  3.     APFE           Elective – III Agricultural Process & Food
                                                                          3-0-0     3
                                       Engineering (any one)
  4.     AET     680    Seminar -II                                       0-0-1     1
  5.     AET    699 b   Project (Project Execution and Report)            0-0-7     7

ELECTIVE –I (Any one)

S. No.   Course Code                     Course Title                    L- T- P Credits
  1.     SWLE    601    Integrated Watershed Management                   2-0-1     3
  2.     SWLE    604    Economic Evaluation of Water Resource Projects    3-0-0     3
  3.     SWLE    605    Water Laws & Policies                             3-0-0     3
  4.     SWLE    606    Minor Irrigation                                  2-0-1     3
  5.     SWLE    607    GIS and Remote Sensing                            2-0-1     3
  6.     SWLE    610    Landscape Irrigation Design & Management          3-0-0     3
  7.     SWLE    602    Water Harvesting and Ground Water Recharge        3-0-0     3
  8.     SWLE    512    Wasteland Management                              3-0-0     3
  9.                    Operation, Maintenance & Economic Evaluation
         SWLE    603                                                      3-0-0     3
                        of Water Resource Projects
 10.     SWLE    611    Water Quality Management                          2-0-1     3
 11.     SWLE    612    Reservoir & Pond Design                           2-0-1     3
 12.     SWLE    408    Environmental Engineering                         3-0-0     3

ELECTIVE – II (Any one)

S. No.   Course Code                     Course Title                    L- T- P Credits
  1.     FMP    602     Human Factors Engineering                         2-0-1     3
  2.     FMP    603     Farm Machinery Management                         3-0-0     3
  3.     FMP    604     Fluid Machinery and Hydraulic Controls            3-0-0     3
  4.     FMP    605     Tillage and Traction Engineering                  2-0-1     3
  5.                    Manufacturing Processes of Agricultural
         FMP    606                                                       3-0-0     3
                        Machinery
  6.     FMP    607     Tractor Design & Testing                          3-0-0     3
  7.     FMP    608     System Engineering                                3-0-0     3
  8.     FMP    609     Agricultural Mechanisation                        3-0-0     3

ELECTIVE – III (Any one)

S. No.   Course Code                     Course Title                    L- T- P Credits
 1.      APFE   603     Food Plant Operations Management                  3-0-0     3
  2      APFE   606     Beverages Technology                              3-0-0     3
 3.      APFE   608     Advanced Techniques in Food Processing            2-0-1     3
 4.      APFE   611     Food Packaging Technology                         2-0-1     3
 5.      APFE   602     Food Process Equipment Design                     2-1-0     3
 6.      APFE   614     Food Laws and Legislation                         2-0-0     2
 7.      APFE   615     Entrepreneurship in Food Industry                 2-0-0     2
 8.      APFE   508     Food Plant Sanitation & Waste Management          2-0-1     3
 9.      APFE   601     Food Plant Design & Maintenance                   2-1-0     3
 10.     APFE   509     Fermented Food Products                           2-0-1     3

                                                 4
                          Detail Course Syllabus
            B-Tech Agricultural Engineering
                                         SEMESTER – I
LNG 304         Professional Communication & Technical Writing                               3 (2-0-1)

Reading Comprehension:- Factual, formulating, translating global comprehension; language in terms of
synonyms; collection in context, introduction to different types of writing descriptive, narrative and
exposition, letter writing-formal and informal – speech acts-norms of preparing introductory address,
presidential address, vote of thanks.
Practical: Integrated grammar by means of class exercise, common errors in English writing , use of
cohesive devices, dialogue practice, orientation to different types of letters, performing different speech
acts according to contexts, exercise based on examination like TOEFL, GRE, GATE, MAT, IELTS.

GPT 301                Moral & Value Education                                        2 (2-0-0)

My country and my people – the Indians, being and becoming an Indian, Nationalism and
Internationalism.
Some life issues – Love, Sex and marriage; Men and Money - value of time, meaning of work, human
communication, human suffering, addiction, ecology, women’s issues.
Understanding one’s neighbor - neighbor hood groups, their structure and functions, patterns of social
interaction of group dynamics.
Preparation for career-choice of vocation, motivation for study and research, the present education
system, curriculum and syllabus, teaching method, examination and work experience.
Definition of value education, Moral and Ethics, Laws and Moral based on Ten Commandments and
two great commandments.
Discovery of self, Self-awareness, Growth of intellect- Man’s spiritual nature, emotions, will, respect
the rights of life, liberty, property, truth, reputation.
Sin, Origin of sin, manifestation of sin, the results of sin, the remedy of sin, sin as an act, sin as a state,
sin as a nature.
Consciences – as defined in Oxford dictionary and Winston Dictionary, types of
consciousness (such as evil, convicted, purged, pure, weak, good, void of offence).

ME 303                 Engineering Drawing                                           2 (0-0-2)

Construction and use of scales, Lettering, Construction of plane geometrical figures, parabola,
hyperbola and ellipse, Special plane curves, Epicycloids, Hypocycloid, Involutes and spirals, Helix and
simple loci. Orthographic projection of points, Lines their traces and inclination. Projection of solids
likes prism, Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid and development of surface. Introduction to CAD. Construction
of isometric scales, Isometric projection of simple objects.

EEE 301                Basic Electrical Engineering                                  4 (2-1-1)

Kirchhoff’s laws, delta star and star delta transformation; Thevenin’s and super position theorem; A.C
fundamentals, average and effective values of signals, transient and steady state response of circuit;
active and reactive power, resonance in circuits, filters; analysis of three phase circuits; characteristics
                                                      5
of magnetic and dielectric materials; magnetic circuit, hystersis and eddy current losses, two port
network parameters, force acting or current carrying conductor in magnetic field, magnetic force due to
electric current, statically and dynamically induce EMF, stored energy, force between parallel
conductors, single phase transformer, construction principle, EMF equation, transformer efficiency.
Practical: Verification of Kirchhoff’s laws, measurement of current voltage, frequency and power,
determination of impedance and its components, three phase power measurements, electromagnetic
relays and solenoids, calibration of energy meter with watt meter, no loads and open circuit test of a
transformer, efficiency of transformer, phasor diagrams of single phase circuits, relation between line
and phase voltage and currents.

AGRN 403              Principles of Agriculture (PCM) group                       3 (2-0-1)

Crop Classification, Cropping systems for major agro -ecological regions; crop ecosystem
and strategies of crop production in tropical and sub -tropical regions; modern techniques of
raising field an d horticultural crops; tillage practices and soil management, seeds and
seeding practices; scheduling of irrigation and fertilizers; plant protection measures; harvest
and post harvest operations; dry land farming principles and practices; crop growth
assessment and modeling.
Practical: identification of an acquaintance with seeds, plants, weeds and Agro –chemicals,
testing of Germination, viability and vigour of seeds, estimation of agro -chemicals for field
application, determination of tillage requirement for field preparations, Hydroponics,
seeding and planting techniques and assessment of stand and establishment of field crops,
Irrigation water measurement techniques, Biometrics observations of growth, yield and
yield attributes, measurement of Leaf Area index, Determination of chlorophyll content in
leaf, estimation of oil in different oil seed crops, Determination of N,P,K, in crops, testing
quality of Crops

ECE 301               Basic Electronics                                           4 (2-1-1)

Introduction to signals, spectra, transducers, electronics and systems, p-n junction diodes, rectifiers –
half-wave, full wave, capacitive filters, Zener diodes, power supply and voltage regulation; p-n-p and
n-p-n transistors, transistor characteristics, transistor as an amplifier – CE, CB, CC; biasing and bias-
stability, small-signal, equivalent Circuits, H-Parameter Model, Signal Handling Capacity, Frequency
Response Of Amplifiers; Concepts Of Feedback Amplifiers, negative feedback, gain-bandwidth
product, regenerative feedback and conditions for oscillation, oscillators; OP-AMPs and application of
OP-AMPs; Field effect devices – JEFT, MOSFET and their characteristics; SCRs, power amplifiers;
Logic Gates; Flip – Flops amd ICS.
Practical : Familiarity with electronic components and use of multimeters, Use of millivoltmeters,
signal generators and oscilloscopes; Pulse and frequency response of R-C and C-R circuits; Half wave
and full wave rectifiers, Rectification with capacitor filters and Zener diodes; Transistors, CE amplifier,
biasing condition, gain and signal handling capacity; Measurement of frequency response and
bandwidth of a CF amplifier; Characteristics of unity gain amplifier and summing circuits;
Characteristics of OP-Amp integrators and differentiator; Characteristics of digital logic gates; Studies
Flip-Flops, shift registers and counters. Characteristics of OP-Amps, inverting & non inverting
amplifiers.




                                                    6
MAS 312                Elementary Mathematics (Ag Group)                             3 (3-0-0)

Algebra: Theory of quadratic equations i.e.(ax2 + bx + c = 0), Binomial theorem (for positive integral index
only). Uses of Natural and Common Logarithms, Exponential series, Partial Fractions, Determinants (of order
three only), Theory of Matrices (Addition, Subtraction), Product of Matrices, Transpose, Elementary idea of
following adjoint, Inverse of matrices by adjoint method, Solution of liner equations, Solution of inequalities,
Permutation and combination.
Trigonometry: Trigonometry functions, addition and subtraction formula, Double and half angle
formula, Laws of sines and cosines, Solution of triangles, Height and distances, Real and complex
numbers, Hyperbolic trigonometric functions, De Moiwes theorem.
Coordinate Geometry: Distance between two points, Area of triangles, Straight lines (Parallel and at
right angles)
Calculus: Elementary Differentiation and Integration.

PHY 312                Engineering Physics                                        5 (3-1-1)
Surface tension: Angle of contact, Excess of pressure inside a spherical surface, Capillary rise,
Determination of surface tension by Jaeger’s methods.
Viscosity: Streamline and turbulent motion, Coefficient of viscosity, Critical velocity, Poieseulle’s
equation for flow of liquid through a tube, Viscometer.
Optics: Interference, Thin films, Testing of Optical plainness of surfaces. Young’s double slit
experiment – Coherent sources, Intensity in Young’s experiments, Interference in thin films, Newton’s
ring and Michelson interferometer. Diffraction Fraunhofer diffraction at single slit, Diffraction at a
circular aperture, Diffraction at double slit, Diffraction Gratings, Resolving and dispersive power of a
grating.
Polarization: Production and detection of circularly & elliptically polarized light. Quarter and half wave
plates, Optical activity, Specific rotation, Lurent’s half shade polarimeter, Determination of specific
rotation and strength of sugar solution.
 Ultra Sonics: Production, application in ranging, Cleaning and drilling.
Practical : Production and measurements of vacuum. Mechanical pumps (Rotary vacuum pump)
Diffusion and condensation pumps, Gettesr measurement: Manometer, Mecleod gauge, Piram gauge.
Measurement of temperature: Thermo e.m.f., Measurement of thermo e.m.f. by potentiometer, Higher
temperature measurement by using pyrometers and resistance thermometer.

COMP 410             Computer & Languages                                    4 (2-1-1)
Details of computer organization and peripherals, types of computers, hardware –software, working in
DOS and Window environment, networking, algorithms and flow charts, programme development,
arithmetic expressions, programme compilation, debugging and testing. Concept of structured
programming, subroutines and functions. Computer viruses, solution to engineering problems using
BASIC / FORTRAN. Future trends and in computer laws and piracy.
Practical : Study of computer components, computer practice of DOS commands, study of BASIC
using READ, DATA, PRINT statements etc., numerical integration and differentiation using BASIC
language, BASIC programme for ‘t’ test, BASIC programme for random number generation in
different ranges, FORTRAN programme- READ, WRITE AND PRINT Statement, free Format and
Formatted INPUT AND OUTPUT Statements, solution of Quadratic equation using FORTRAN
language, use of subroutines in the main programmes, use of function sub programmes in the main
programmes, Runge- Kutta method, Trapezoidal – Simpson’s rule.
                                                       7
                                       SEMESTER – II
SES 401                Principles of Soil Science                                3 (2-0-1)
Course Objective – To develop basic understanding in students about soil forming processes and soil as
natural body/medium for storage and movement of water, gases, heat, nutrients. To develop student
understanding of the general physical and chemical properties of soil.
Course Content – Soil as three-phase system, Definition of soil, soil forming rocks and minerals,
weathering of rocks and minerals, soil formation processes, factors of soil formation, soil profile and its
development.
Soil Physical Properties-Texture, Textural classification of soils, Stoke’s law and its limitations, Soil
structure, Formation and types of soil structure, Bulk Density, Particle density, Porosity, Types of Soil
Water, Soil Moisture Tension/Water potential, Saturation, Soil water movement, Soil Temperature, Soil
Air, Aeration and its importance.
Soil Chemical Properties , Soil Reaction-Soil pH, Saline, Saline Alkali, Alkali Soils and their
management, Colloidal Properties of the Soil- Soil organic matter and Humus formation ; Clay
minerals: Colloidal properties, 1;1, 2:1 lattice structures; Cation exchange properties of soils as
contributed by organic and inorganic colloids. Diffuse Double Layer, Stern layer theory, Flocculatinand
dispersion; Soil Classification – Soil Taxonomic orders.
Practical:
Techniques of soil sampling, preparation of soil samples for analysis. Determination of Bulk Density
and particle density of soil, soil moisture content. Determination of Soil Texture. Study of soil profile,
Identification of Rocks and Minerals. Si O2 determination, Hcl extraction of soil. Gravimetric
determination of sulphate. Organic matter / Carbon determination. Determination of cation exchange
capacity of soil. Determination of Ca, Phosphorus, and Iron Nitrogen, Potassium, Soil pH, Gypsum
requirement, lime requirement of soils, Electrical conductivity, SAR. Determination of water-soluble
anions chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates.

ME 304                Workshop Practice & Technology                              4 (2-0-2)

General: Workshop terminology, ferrous and non ferrous metals, steel and alloy steels, light alloys and
non ferrous heavy metals, heat treatment, case hardening, corrosions, Plastics, glue, grease, paint,
varnish and lacquers.
Carpentry: Timber classification, defects in timber, description and use of tools in carpentry.
Smithy: Nature of work in smith’s furnace tools and their uses, safety and precautions in smithy, jigs
and fixtures, hot and cold working of metals, forging drawing and spinning Fitting: Description and use
of files, chisels, hacksaw, vices, hammers and other measuring marking tools, precision measuring
tools, dial gauges and inspection gauges.
Machine Job: Classification and description of lathe machine, milling, drilling and grinding machine,
special purpose machines- Turret and Capstan –Lathes, gear cutting machines.
Welding Job: Types of welding oxyacetylene gas welding, electric arc welding, argon arc welding,
MIG and TIG welding, resistance welding, brazing and soldering, use of fluxes.
Sheet metal shop- Description and uses of tools used in sheet metal shops, different joints, riveting.
Practical: Sawing and simple joints, planing; Chipping marking and filing; Knurling, centering,
drilling and threading, etc.; Forging operation; Welding joint preparation; Metal arc welding and gas
welding practice; Riveting operation for lap joint.

CE 401                Engineering Mechanics                                       3 (3-0-0)

Introduction to mechanics and SI unit, review of vector algebra and important vectors equivalent force
                                                    8
system, equivalent forces at a point, simplest resultants in two and three dimension, equations of
equilibrium, free body diagram, reactions number of unknowns indeterminacy and solvability, two
dimensional frames and trusses, methods of members, method of joints and method of sections,
principle of virtual work, friction forces, sliding and rolling friction, belt, rope and chain derives and
power screws, properties of surfaces, centriods, mass centers theorem Pappus and Guldinus, second
moment of product of inertia of plane area, parallel axis theorem and polar movement of inertia,
particle kinematics: Velocity, acceleration, curvilinear coordinator system and relative motion, particle
dynamics, equations of motion system of particles, D. Alembert’s Principle and central force.

ME 413                    CAD/ CAM Machine Drawing & Computer Graphics                             3 (1-0-2)
Theory: First and third angle methods of projection. Preparation of working drawing from models and isometric
views. Drawing of missing views. Different methods of dimensioning. Concept of sectioning. Revolved and
oblique section. Sectional drawing of simple machine parts. Types of rivet heads and riveted joints. Processes for
producing leak proof joints. Symbols for different types of welded joints. Nomenclature, thread profiles, multi-
start threads, left and right hand thread. Square headed and hexagonal nuts and bolts. Conventional
representation of threads. Different types of lock nuts, studs, machine screws , cap screws and wood screws.
Foundation bolts. Design process, application of computers for design, definition of CAD, benefits of CAD,
CAD system components. Computer hardware for CAD. Display, input and output devices. Graphic primitives,
display file, frame buffer, display control, display processors, Line generation, graphics software. Points and
lines, Polygons, filling of polygons. Text primitive. Other primitives. Windowing and clipping, view port.
Homogeneous coordinates. Transformations. Planar and space curves design. Analytical and synthetic
approaches. Parametric and implicit equations. B-spline and Beizer curves. Geometric modeling techniques.
Wire frames. Introduction to solid modeling. Introduction to numerical control, basic components of NC system,
NC coordinates and motion control systems. Computer numerical control, direct numerical control, combined
CNC/DNC. NC machine tools and control units. Tooling for NC machines, part programming, punched tape,
tape coding and format, manual and computer assisted part programming.
Practical: Preparation of manual drawings with dimensions from Models and Isometric drawings of objects and
machine components; Preparation of sectional drawings of simple machine parts; Drawing of riveted joints and
thread fasteners; Demonstration on computer graphics and computer aided drafting use of standard software;
Practice in the use of basic and drawing commands on auto cad; Generating simple 2-D drawings with
dimensioning using autocad; Practice in the use of modify and rebelling commands; Practice in graphics
mathematics, curve fitting and transformations; Demonstration on CNC machine.

MAS 411                   Engineering Mathematics – I                                  4 (3-1-0)
Differential Calculus: Asymptotes- curves and curvature partial differentiation-Euler’s theorem, total
differential coefficient. Taylor’s theorem for two variables, maxima and minima Lagrange’s multiplier.
Integral Calculus: Application of integral calculus area enclosed by curves length of arc. Volume and
surface of revolution, Evolution of double and triple integrals, Gamma and Beta functions- Dirichlets’s
integral. Simple tests of convergence of integrals.
Infinite Series: Convergence and divergence of series, tests of convergence, Alternating series,
absolutely and conditionally convergent series, uniform convergence.

ME 408                 Engineering Thermodynamics                                      3 (2-0-1)

System and properties, concepts of energy, temperature and heat, first law of closed and open systems,
pure substance and properties second law of thermodynamics and entropy, boiler, mountings and
accessories, boiler efficiency, steam engines, Rankine cycle, indicator diagrams, steam turbines, I.C.
Engines, air standard ratio, otto, diesel and joule cycles.
Practical: Study of Fire Tube boiler, Study of Water Tube boiler, Study and Working of Refrigerator;
Study of velocity compounded steam turbine, Study of pressure compounded steam turbine, Study of
                                                      9
impulse & Reaction turbine, Study of steam engine model, Study and working of two stroke petrol
engine, Study and working of four stroke petrol engine, Determination of indicated H.P. of I.C. Engine
by Morse Test, Study and Working of two stroke Diesel Engine, Study and working of four stroke
Diesel engine, Study of Ignition system of I.C. Engine, Study of Braking system of any vehicle.

AGRN 301               Horticultural & Field Crops                                  3 (2-0-1)

Agronomy:
Farm crops, Cultivation of wheat, Paddy, Jowar, Cotton, Maize, Groundnut, Potato, and Sugarcane
with reference to its varieties. Area of growing, sowing time, Seed rate, Method of sowing, manuring
irrigation an water requirements. Harvesting, Threshing and yields. Crop rotation, Soil, Soil formation,
Classification (sand, loam, silt, clay), Soil Characteristics, Manuring and its importance, Study of
Gobar, Compost and Green manure.
Agronomy Practical :
Identification of crops being grown at the crop Research Farm. Identification of rabi season weeds.
Calculation of seed rate, fertilizer management, yield estimated in crops and practical assessment of
plant growth in field crops.
Horticulture:
Importance of fruit and vegetable in diet, scope and importance of fruit and vegetable industry. A
general survey of fruits grown in India.
Planting plants: Their merits and demerits, preliminary operation before planting.
Temperature relation: Temperature as part of climate, influence of temperature on plants, freeze and
frost and their control.
Water relation: Water absorption and movement in plant, methods of irrigation systems for fruits and
vegetables, their merits and demerits.
Light relation: Role of light in seed germination, photoperiodism, and light source of radiant energy.
Soil: Essential elements and their role, methods for correcting deficiency and excess.
Nutrition: Essential elements and their role, methods for correcting deficiency and excess.
Propagation: Sexual propagation, cuttage, layarage and graftage. Raising and sectioning of root stock.
Pruning and growth control: System and methods of training fruit trees pruning principles and method
pruning tools and their material.
Marketing storage of horticulture produce, preparation for marketing.
Cultivation of Cauliflower, Cabbage, Onion, Bottle gourd, Carrot, Pea, Tomato, Banana, Oranges,
Mango and Guava with reference to its varieties, sowing time, seed rate, method of sowing, manuring,
irrigation and water requirements, harvesting threshing and yield.
Horticulture Practical:
Different techniques of propagation; Use of plating board; pruning and training tools and implements; spraying
of nutrients to overcoming deficiencies in the fruit plants .


CHEM 520                 Engineering Chemistry                                             3 (2-0-1)
Water-Hardness, determination of hardness by compleximetric (EDTA) method, degree of hardness,
Chloride dissolved oxygen, dissolved carbondiozide and sulphate, calorimetric methods for the
determination of pH, control of pH of water used in industry.
Chemical Fuels – Classification of fuels, solid fuels, coal-origin and its classification, proximate and
ultimate analysis of coal, significance of constituents, Gross and Net Calorific Values, Determiation of
Calorific value by Bomb Calorimeter.
Liquid Fuels – Advantages, Petroleum – origin, Classification, refining of petrol, Gasoline, Knocking –
                                                     10
Octane Number, Chemical Structure and Knocking – Anti Knock agents, Cracking
Gaseous Fuels – Advantages, manufacture, composition and calorific value of coal gas and oil gas.
Determination of Calorific Value of gas by Junker’s Calorimeter. Flue gas analysis by Orsat apparatus,
Classification based on combustion.
Corrosion – Definition and its significance theories of corrosion, Galvanic cell and concentation cell.
Pitting and Stress Corrosion, Protection of corrosion. Use of inhibitors and passivasion. Alloying,
protective coating – metallic, Inorganic and organic.
Refractories – Definitions, properties, classification. Properties of Silica and Fireclays Refractories.
Glass-Preparation, Varities and uses.
Plastics – Types of plastics, Compounding of plastics and their fabrication.
Rubber- Natural rubber, vulcanization, elastomers and their uses.
Fibres – Natural and synthetic fibers and use of Nylon , Terylene and Rayon.
Lubricants – Classification, types of lubrication, properties and tests (Viscosity and viscosity index.
Flash and Fire point, Cloud and pour point, Emulsification)
Chemical Kinetics – Order and molecularity of reaction, first and second order reaction. Derivation of
equations for first order and second order reactions. Determination of order of reaction. Energy of
activation and Arrhenus equation. Numericals of first and second order reactions.
Cement- Manufacture of Portland cement, vertical shift kiln technology, Chemistry of setting &
hardening.
Electro Chemistry – Specific, molecular and equivalent conductivity. Effect of dilution on conductivity.
Determination of conductivity. E.M.F and its measurements. Polarization and overvoltages.

Practical: Determination of viscosity of oil, Determination of calorific value of a solid or liquid fuel by
bomb calorimeter. Determination of flash point and fire point, Analysis of flue gas by orsat apparatus,
Determination of calorific value of a gas, Determination of sodium and potassium in water by flame
photometer, Determination of temporary and permanent hardness by EDT method, Determination of
carbonate and non – carbonate hardness by soda reagent method, Estimation of hydroxyl ion and
carbonate ions in a mixture or both in water samples, Determination of copper sulphate iodemetrically,
Determination of potassium dichromate using potassium femcyanide as an external indicator,
Determination of potassium dichromate using diphenylamme as a internal indicator, Estimation of iron
in plane carbon steel, Estimation of available chlorine in bleaching powder sample, Determination of
Bod & COD values of a water sample, Analysis of (Any three) Brass, Cement, Iron ore, Pyrolusite,
Conductor wire, Proximate analysis of coal, Sample of NaCl of reaction. Energy of activation and
Arrhenus equation. Numericals of first and second order reactions.

                                        SEMESTER – III
FMP 302               Farm Implements                                             3 (2-0-1)

Status and scope Farm mechanization, Classification of farm machines, Bullock drawn primary and
secondary tillage implements. Method of ploughing. Manually and Bullock drawn sowing, planting and
transplanting equipments. Manually operated plant protection equipments: Sprayers and Dusters.
Manually operated weed control and intercultural tools. Manual tools for harvesting. Bullock drawn
manure spreader. Manual and bullock operated sugarcane crusher. Manual and Bullock operated chaff
cutter. Paddle operated paddy thresher. Cost analysis.
Practical: Practical study of bullock drawn ploughs & harrows. Study of different animal drawn
seeding equipments & machineries. Study of manual & animal drawn harvesters. Study of manual
method of threshing and animal operated threshers.
                                                   11
CE 402                 Surveying and Leveling                                       4 (2-0-2)

Measurement of distance, principle and methods of chain surveying, prismatic compass and chain
traversing, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying including two-point and three–point problems,
leveling and contouring, measurement of areas and volumes, principles of hydrographic surveying and
aerial surveying and their application to agricultural engineering.
Practical:
Handling of chain and chain accessories, offsetting, acquaintance with field book; Ranging out
surveying line and plotting chain survey; Triangulation by chain and offsetting for details for
preparation of map of a small area; Plotting of the field book reading for preparation of map
acquaintance with symbols of different objects used in maps and scale of map; Setting up of prismatic
compass and measurements of angles; Traversing of a small area with chains and prismatic compass
and offsetting for details; Plotting of the above map; Setting up off a 20’’ sccuracy transit Theodolite
and measurement of horizontal angles and verticals angle; Setting up off a plain table and off setting by
intersection method; Plain table traversing (5 sides); Setting up off a dumpy level and exercise in fly
leveling and reciprocal leveling; demonstration of modern equipment- Theomat, Distomat and
Automatic levels.
MBGE 327              Introductory Bio-technology                               3 (3-0-0)

Principles of plant growth and reproduction; cell structure, cell division and cell cycle; structure of
nucleic acids, transcription and translation; metabolic pathways; respiration photosynthesis, N2 –
fixation; plant tissue culture; cell tissue and organ culture, protoplasm culture and somatic
hybridization, micro-propagation, mass production technology and automation; secondary metabolite
production; recombinant DNA technology and its application; environmental biotechnology.

CE 408                 Strength of Materials                                        3 (2-1-0)

Concept of stress, normal and shearing stress in axially-loaded members, factors of safety and
introduction to design the strength, concepts of strains, normal and shearing strains, stress- strain
relationship, generalized Hooke’s law, strain compatibility in two dimensions and application to
isotropic materials, plane stress and plain strain; Poisson’s ratio, stress –strain diagrams for uniaxial
loading deformation of axially loaded members and statically indeterminate problems torsion’s of
circular shafts: stress and deflections in closed coiled and helical springs subjected to axial forces;
members subjected to flexural loads; reactions for statically determinate beams; relationship between
loads, shearing force and bending moment; shear force and bending stresses in beams; shearing stresses
in beam; members subjected to combined loads; transformation of plain stresses and strain; principal
stresses and principal plains; principal strains, Mohr’s circle of stresses and strain , principal stresses in
3D; relationship between elastic constant; Strain rosettes; principal stresses for strain measurements;
combine torsion and bending; investigation of stress at a point; pressure vessels; byaxial stresses; yield
theories; principles of design for strength; deflections of beams; direct integration method, moment area
method.

EEE 402              Electrical Machines                                        3 (2-0-1)
D.C Machines: Constructional features and principles of operation of shunt, series and compound
generators and motors including EMF equation and armature reaction; Performance characteristics of
generators and motors, starting, speed control and braking of motors, 2- quadrant and 4 – quadrant
operation of motors; Choice of D.C. motors for different applications; Losses of efficiency.
Transformers: Construction, E.M.F equation, principle of operation, phasor diagram on no-load, effect
                                                  12
of load, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, losses and efficiency, test on transformer, prediction of
efficiency and regulation, auto- transformers, instrument transformers, three-phase transformer.
Induction Motors: Rotating magnetic fields, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque slip
characteristics, starters for cage and wound rotor type induction motors, speed control and braking,
single -phase induction and methods of starting.
Synchronous Machines: Construction, e.m.f. equation, effect of pitch and distribution, armature
reaction and determination of regulation of synchronous generators, principle of motor operation,
effect of excitation on line currents (V- curves), method of synchronization; typical application of A. C.
motors industry.
Practical: Study of D.C and AC machine constructional features and connections; Study of various
types of starters for D.C. and A.C motors. Saturation characteristics of a D.C machine and load test on
D.C. shunt generator; Determination of performance of characteristics of shunt motor; Speed control of
a D.C. compound motor; Performance characteristics of D.C compound motors; Open circuit (O.C),
short circuit (S.C) and load test on a single –phase transformer; Regulation of alternators by O.C and
S.C. tests; Speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Determination of V-curve of synchronous
motors; performance characteristics of 3-phase induction motors; Performance characteristics of 1-
phase induction motors including capacitors start / run 1-phase motors.

EXT 301               Extension Education                                        3 (2-0-1)

Definitions, philosophy and scope of Agricultural Extension, basic principles and their application to
Agricultural Engineering. Role of qualities of Extension Worker. Various extension agencies, their
functions and mode of working with reference to Agricultural Engineering. Extension Programme
planning and its importance. Extension need for farm implement and machinery, soil and water
engineering, farm instructors and post harvest technology. Transfer of technology, training and visit
system, monitoring of extension activities and feed back.
Agro-industrial extension status need and scope. Development of linkage among R& D organizations,
small-scale manufacturers and farmers.

MAS 490               Engineering Mathematics – II                               4 (3-1-0)

Vector Calculus: Differentiation of vector’s –directional derivatives, line surface and volume integrals
statement of Gauss, Green’s and Stoke’s theorem and their application.
Differential Equations: Differential equation of first order degree- linear differential equations with
constant, coefficients – Homogeneous equations with variable coefficients, application practical
problems, Bessel’s and Legenderes differential eqns., Partial differential equations.
Matrices: Basic properties, transpose, adjoint, inverse and rank of a matrix. Solution of equation.
Elementary transformation – characteristics equation, Cayley- Hamitton theorem.

MAS 511               Statistical Methods                                        3 (2-0-1)

Statistic, population parameter, frequency distribution, frequency polygon, histogram, bar chart
arithmetic, weighted, geometric and harmonic mean, mode, median for grouped and ungrouped data,
standard discretion, mean deviation and coefficient of variation, simple and multiple correlation
coefficient, regression line, fitting equations to data by least square method, curve linear regression
line, fitting equation to data by least square method, curve linear regression. Test of significance; t,F
and X2 tests. Distribution: Normal, Binomial and Poisson distribution, confidence internal. Analysis of
variance; definition, assumption, one-way and two way classification with one observation per cell,
probability theory.

                                                   13
Practical: Computation of Arethematic, weighted, geometric, harmonic means, mean distribution,
standard deviation, coefficient of variation, fitting of data, Problems on Normal, Binomial and Poisson
distributions. Tests of significance. Problems on analysis of variance.

COMP 409               Database Management & Internet Applications                          2 (1-0-1)
Basic database concepts, introduction to RDBMS, SQL Commands, Data constraints, Joins, set operations,
working with forms, Basics of HTML, developing web pages using mata tags, dynamic pages using Java scripts,
connectivity with RDBMS, Project. Basic database concepts; Introduction to RDBMS; SQL Commands DDL,
DML; Select command, Joins and functions; Group functions, Set functions; Working with Forms; Basic of
HTML; Development of Web pages using mata tags; Dynamic pages using Java Scripts; Connectivity of Web
pages with databases; Project.

                                         SEMESTER – IV
CE 406                 Fluid Mechanics                                              4 (3-0-1)

Definition and properties of fluids. Units of measurement, fluid statics: pressure at a point and its
measurement, fluid static force on submerged surface, byoyancy, condition of floating and stability of
submerged and floating bodies.
Kinematics of fluids: Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid motion, stream lines, path lines,
streak lines, types of fluid flow: translation, rotation, circulation and vorticity; stream function, velocity
potential and flow net; discharge; system, control volume and cross section; stress-strain rate
relationship, linear and angular momentum theorems and application; some exact solutions of Navier-
Strokes equation.
Dynamics of third: Transport theorem, conservation laws, equation of continuity, Euler’s equation of
motion, Bernoulli’s equation, viscous flow.
Dimensional Analysis & Similitude: Ralegile’s method & Buckingham’s Pi theorem, types of
simulates, dimensional analysis, dimensionless numbers.
Internal flow: Laminar & turbulent flow in pipes, general equation for head loss-Daicy-Weisbach and
Fanning’s equations, Moody’s diagram, energy losses through pipe fittings, flow through network of
pipes.
Non-Newtonian fluid flow:- Power law representation of shear stress-shean rate relationship,
measurement of flow behaviour index and consistency co-efficient, generalized viscosity co-efficient.
Concept of boundary layer, hydrodynamic forces on immersed bodies: drag & lift; flow through
orifices, mouthpieces and over weirs & notches; flow in open channels.
Practical: Study of pressure measuring devices, Relationship between depth of liquid and pressure
exerted by it, Determination of metacentric height of floating vessels, Determination of pressure drop
flow rate relationship for flow of air through packed bed and fluidization velocity, Determination of
flow pattern, port arrangement and pressure drop in a plat heat exchanger, Verification of Bernoulli’s
theorem, Demonstration of laminar and turbulent flows, Determination of head loss through pipes and
pipe fittings. Determination of coefficient of discharge for a venturimeter, Determination of orifice
meter coefficient, Calibration of a notch , Measurement of non-Newtonian parameters of liquid foods,
Determination of forces on submerged bodies, Flow visualization using s moke in a transparent tube to
demonstrate path line, streak line, laminar and turbulent flows, Experiments using water table to
demonstrate various flow phenomena, Measurement of viscosity surface tension of liquids,
Demonstration of momentum theorem using impulse and reaction turbines ,Estimation and
measurement of flow rate through single screw extruder.

FMP 402                 Farm Machinery                                                   4 (3-0-1)
Status and scope of farm mechanization, Classification, constructional details, principles of operation
                                                     14
of manually operated, animal drawn and power operated implements and machinery used in crop
production viz. primary and secondary tillage implements, puddlers, intercultural implement, seeding,
planting and fertilizer application equipment, plant protection equipment. Crop harvesting and
threshing equipment, chaff cutters and sugarcane crushers. Hitching of implements. Safety in farm
machinery. Performance evaluation, selection and cost analysis.
Practical: Practical study of primary tillage and secondary tillage implements. Constructional and
functional study of different types of seed-drill, Calibration of seed drills. Study of sprayers & dusters,
self-propelled rice transplanter, different types of power operated reapers and threshers.

SWLE 403                 Engineering Hydrology                                      3 (3-0-0)
Weather and hydrology, Forms of precipitations; Measurements and estimations, Evaporation &
transpiration: Factor affecting, Measurements and estimation, Stream flow measurement: Measurement
of stage & velocity, Stage discharge relationship, Runoff: Introduction to hydrograph, runoff
characteristics of streams, yield (annual runoff volume), flow duration curve, flow mass curve.
Hydrograph: Factors affecting flood hydrograph, Components of hydrograph, Base flow separation,
Effective rainfall, Unit hydrograph, Synthetic & Instantaneous unit hydrograph, Flood routing: Basic
equations and Method of flood routing, Hydrologic channel routing, Clark method for instantaneous
unit hydrograph, Nash conceptual model.

APFE 504               Unit Operation in Food Engineering                       4 (3-0-1)
Principles of fluid flow, heat transfer, heat exchanger, ERH & Water activity, Evaporation, Distillation,
Drying, Dehydration. Types of dryers, Material handling equipment, Size reduction, Energy
requirement in Size Reduction, Sieve analysis, Mixing, Kneading, Blending, Homogenization, Size
Separation, Sedimentation, Extraction, Leaching, Crystallization, Thermal Processing, Refrigeration
principles, Cooling, freezing, thawing of food materials. Irradiation, Absorption and Adsorption,
Mechanical Cleaning, Grading, Sorting, Filteration, Membranic Separation, Emulsification.
Practical: Measurement of fluid flow, Measurement of moisture content &ERH, Study of conduction,
convection and radiation, Heat exchanger, Elevator and conveyors, Size reduction equipment, Sieve
analysis, Mixing equipments, Drying rate calculations, Calculation of refrigeration load etc.

CE 410                Soil Mechanics                                              3 (2-1-0)

Engineering properties of Soil, Soil Hydraulic, Stress distribution, Compressibility, Shear strength,
Earth Pressure, Rankine theory, Coulombs wedge theory, Stability of slopes, Stability analysis of finite
& infinite slopes, Taylor’s stability nos. and stability curves, Bishops methods of stability analysis.
Bearing Capacity: Rankines analysis, Terzaghis analysis, Effect of water table on bearing capacity,
Shallow foundations; Types of foundation, spread footing, well foundation, shape of wells and
components, Depth of well, foundation and bearing capacity, forces acting on a well foundation,
analysis of well foundation, well sinking, pile and machine foundation.




                                                    15
ME 503                 Heat & Mass Transfer                                          4 (3-0-1)

Introductory concepts on conduction, convection and radiation.
Conduction Fourier’s Law, thermal conductivity dependence on temperature and pressure in fluids,
heat conduction through composite walls, optimum thickness of insulation, and general conductin
equation under unsteady state. Transient numerical method for unsteady state conduction in simple
geometrical shape. E.g. slab, cylinder and sphere.
Convection free and forced convection, Newton’s Law of cooling, film coefficient, correlation of
Nussett number, Prandtle number and Grashof number in natural convecion systems including other
empirical relations. Combined free and forced convection.
Radiation- Stefan-Boltzmann law, emissivity, mechanism of radiation heat transfer in systems
including solar radiation, collectors. Heat transfer analysis involving conduction, convection and
radiation by network.
Heat Exchange: Overall heat transfer coefficient, fouling factors, log mean temperature difference. Heat
exchange mechanism in various types of heat exchanger e.g. tubular, extended surface and plate heat
exchangers, effectiveness – NTU relationship.
Mass Transfer – Steady state molecular diffusion in fluids at rest and in laminar flow – Fick’s Law,
mass transfer coefficients. Mass – heat – momentum transfer analogies. Unsteady-state diffusion.
Diffusion in solids. Inter phase mass transfer.
Practicals: Determination of thermal conductivity of a powder and insulating material under steady-
state using two slab guarded hot plate method, Determination of thermal conductivity and thermal
diffusivity of a food, Determination of specific heat using differeiential scanning calorimeter (DSC),
Measurement of heat transfer coefficient of air under free and forced convection using heat and mass
transfer analogy , Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient in an agitated vessel, Determination
of overall heat transfer coefficient of a boiling liquid, Determination of effect of packing on heat
transfer in packed beds, Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient in parallel-flow and counter-
flow heat exchangers, Measurement of emissivity of a surface, Study of plate heat exchanger, Study of
heat transfer from pin/tin, Study on boiling heat transfer and measurement of critical heat flux , Study
of heat transfer in a fluidized bed, Determination of masses diffusivity by Winkelmann method,
Generation of equilibrium data for mass transfer operations.

SES 503                Soil Physics                                                    3 (2-0-1)
General physical characteristics of soil, soil as a dispersed three phase system, volume and mass
relationships of soil constituents, soil profile, texture, particle size distribution, specific surface and soil
classes, nature and behavior of clay, soil structure of aggravation, soil water content and potential,
measurements of soil water, flow water in saturated and unsaturated soils, soil air and aeration, soil
temperature and heat flow, soil compaction and consolidation.
Measurement of soil physical characteristics, soil water content, soil water potential, soil moisture
characteristic curve, infiltration, hydraulic conductivity and soil composition.
Practical: Volume and mass relationship of soil constituents (problems and determination of dry Bulk
density, particle density), Effect of concentration of ions and types of cations on physical properties of
soils, Determination of soil compactibility, Determination of consistency, Determination of soil
compaction – root growth, Determination of Soil-Water characteristic curve, Determination of pore size
distribution.Measurement of soil water content, Determination of saturated hydraulic conductivity
using first law of moisture flow – Darcy’s Law, Determination of water flow in unsaturated soil using
second law of moisture flow, Infiltration rate determination, Determination of upper and lower plastic
limits, Determination of Attenberg’s constant.


                                                      16
ME 414                  Theory of Machines                                              3 (2-0-1)
Theory: Elements, links, pairs, kinematics chain, and mechanisms. Classification of pairs and mechanisms.
Lower and higher pairs. Four bar chain, slider crank chain and their inversions. Determination of velocity and
acceleration using graphical (relative velocity and acceleration) method. Instantaneous centers. Types of gears.
Law of gearing, velocity of sliding between two teeth in mesh. Involute and cycloidal profile for gear teeth. Spur
gear, nomenclature, interference and undercutting. Introduction to helical , spiral, bevel and worm gear. Simple,
compound, reverted, and epicyclic trains. Determining velocity ratio by tabular
method. Turning moment diagrams, co-efficient of fluctuation of speed and energy, weight of flywheel, flywheel
applications. Belt drives, types of drives, belt materials. Length of belt, power transmitted, velocity ratio, belt
size for flat and V belts. Effect of centrifugal tension, creep and slip on power transmission, Chain drives. Types
of friction, laws of dry friction. Friction of pivots and collars. Single disc, multiple disc, and cone clutches.
Rolling friction, anti friction bearings. Types of governors. constructional details and analysis of Watt, Porter,
Proell governors. Effect of friction, controlling force curves. Sensitiveness, stability, hunting, isochronism,
power and effort of a governor. Static and dynamic balancing. Balancing of rotating masses in one and different
planes. Partial primary balancing of reciprocating meases.
Practical: Demonstration in mechanisms study using models; Analysis of 4-bar mechanism, slides crank
mechanism and their inversions; Complete velocity and acceleration analysis (Graphical or Analytical) of few
practical linkage mechanisms; Study of gears and gear trains and motion analysis of some practical complex
compound gear train; Motion analysis Epicyclical gear trains using tabular and formula Methods; To design a
compound gear train and epicyclic gear train for a desired speed ratio; Practical test; To study the flywheel and
governor action in laboratory; To graphically synthesize the cam profile for a desired standard follower motion;
Study on the cam follower demonstration machine for follower
displacement as a function of cam rotation angle and phenomenon of follower jump; Demonstration of static and
dynamic balancing in the laboratory. Calculations on balancing a multi rotor unbalanced system by putting
masses in two different planers.
      SES 415                                Environmental Studies – I                              2 (2-0-0)
Definition, Scope and Importance. Ecosystem, concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an
ecosystem, Producer, consumer and decomposes, Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession,
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids, Introduction, types, Characteristic features, structures
and function of the following ecosystems: forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, desert ecosystem and
aquatic ecosystem.
Social Issues and the Environment: from unsustainable to sustainable development, urban problems
related to energy, water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management, resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problem and concerns, Case studies. Environmental ethics, Climatic
change, wasteland reclamation, consumerism and waste products. Environmental Protection Act. Air
(Prevention and control of pollution) act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation.
Public awareness.
Practical: Visit of different polluted sites to assess their effect on pollution, monitoring of pollutant in
ecosystem. Study of simple ecosystem- ponds, rivers, hill slopes. Study of common plants, insects,
(Herbarium file/ insect box) Visit of local polluted site- urban/rural/agricultural/ industrial. To study the
different purification of industrial effluents and wastes.




                                                        17
                                         SEMESTER – V
 ME 502           Refrigeration and Air Conditioning                              3 (2-0-1)

Thermodynamic cycles, mechanical vapour compression refrigeration, properties of refrigerants,
thermodynamic cycle, calculations of single stage saturation and actual cycles, two stage cycles and
cascade refrigeration system, heat pump.
Compressors, expansion valves, evaporators and condensers, absorption system of refrigeration, ice
manufacture, air conditioning, principles of psychrometry, psychrometic processes, air conditioning,
comfort chart and effective temperature and respiration heat, cooling, load calculations and design of
cold storage’s, conveying and distribution of processed air, air conditioning controls.
Practical : Study of various types of compressors, Study of household refrigerator and window air
conditioner, Determination of volumetric efficiency of a reciprocating compressor, Determination of
coefficient of performance of a vapor compression refrigeration system and absorption system,
Determination of bypass factor, apparatus dew point and COP of an air-conditioning system,
Determination of range approach and efficiency of a cooling tower, Determination of efficiency of an
evaporative cooling washer, Determination of freezing time of food products, Determination of heat
transfer coefficient inside a cold storage or refrigerator, Determination of thermal conductivity of
various insulating materials.

CE 409                Building Materials & Structural Design                      3 (2-1-0)

Steel and its structural properties, Riveted and welded connections, Design of sections for tensions,
Compression and bending including built-up sections, Grillage foundations, Roof trusses, Plate and
lattice girders, Industrial buildings, Indian standard code. Introduction to I.S. code for practice for R.C.
design, Design of two- way slabs, Retaining walls, Continues beams, Water tanks etc. IRC bridge
loadings – load distribution on bridge girders.
Design of Masonry and Timber Structures. Working Stress Design Method: Assumption, distribution of
stresses on the cross section in bending transformed area, analysis and design of rectangular singly and
doubly reinforces section, T and L sections.
Limit State Design Method: Assumptions, distribution of stresses on the cross section in bending
Analysis and design of a rectangular singly & doubly reinforced Sec., T and L Sections.

ME 415                Machine Design                                              4 (3-1-0)

Materials of construction and their properties. Stresses in elementary machine parts, metal fits and
tolerance, design of machine members subjected to variable loads, machine vibrations, critical speeds
of shafts, power transmission shafting, coupling design, keys, pins and splines, power screw and
threaded fasteners, bolt loading, clutches and brake designs, springs, different types of gears, rolling
bearings, chain and belt drives, pulley and fly wheels.

ABM 502                  Agri Business Management                                             3 (3-0-0)

Definition, History, function productive system, operations, decisions, decision frame work, produces
of series & goods critical themes, operation strategy, model, objectives, types External factor,
international operations, rescued operations, stages, new production introductions, new product
development, technology development, quality function development, Value analysis, modular design.
 Quality management, quality control and improvement, process selection, service operation design,
choice of technology, layout of facilities, forecasting.

                                                    18
                           Field Operation and Maintenance of Tractors and
FMP 503                                                                                             3 (1-0-2)
                           Farm Machinery

Theory : Introduction to tractor maintenance procedure and trouble shooting. Scheduled maintenance
after 10,50,100,250,500 and 1000 hrs. of operation. Safety hints. Top end overhauling. Fuel saving tips.
Preparing the tractor for storage. Care and maintenance procedure of agricultural machinery during operation
and off-season. Repair and maintenance and workshop requirements.
Practical: Introduction to various systems of a tractor viz. fuel, lubrication, cooling, electrical, transmission,
hydraulic & final drive system. Familiarisation with tractor controls & learning procedure of tractor starting and
stopping. Driving in forward and reverse gears. Driving safety rules. Hitching, adjustments, settings and field
operation of farm machinery. Familiarisation with different makes & models of 4- wheeled tractors. Starting &
stopping practice of the tractor. Familiarisation with instrumentation panel & controls; Road signs, traffic rules,
road safety, driving & parking of tractor; Tractor driving practice forward & reverse driving practice; Tractor
driving practice with two wheeled tractor trailer forward & reverse; Study and practising the hitching and
dehitching of implements; Study operation and field adjustments of m.b. plough & disk plough; Field operation
of trailing & mounted disk
harrow; Field operation and adjustments of seed drill/planter/sprayer.
Practical: Familiarisation with tools and equipment used for maintaining & servicing of tractors & farm
machines; Doing the 10-hours service jobs & Maintenance after 50- hours of operation; Maintenance after 100
hours of operation; Maintenance after 250 hours of operation; Maintenance after 500 hours and 1000 hours of
operation, adjustment of tractor track; Dismantling and assembling of major engine parts; Visit to tractor/ engine
repair workshop, injection pump injector repair shop; Doing minor repair of electric, mechanical and hydraulic
system; Adjustment and maintenance of primary and secondary tillage equipment viz. m.b. plough, disc-plough
and disc harrow etc.; Adjustment and maintenance of seeding & planting and transplanting machines;
Adjustment and maintenance of plant protection equipment; Adjustment and maintenance of reapers & threshers;
Adjustment & maintenance of combine harvesters, straw combines, balers etc; Visit to small scale farm
machinery manufacturers and their repair shops, seasonal repair of farm machinery.

APFE 401                   Engineering Properties of Biological Materials                           3 (2-0-1)

Engineering properties of agricultural and food materials. Concept of rheology, Rheologicall
characteristics of biological materials, Newtonian and non-Newtonian, products. Thermal, electrical
and optical properties of food materials. Application of engineering properties in designing of food
process equipment.
Determination of roundness, spherecity of fruits and vegetables, Effect of moisture on frictional
properties and specific gravity of grains, Study of elastic –plastic behavior, relaxation behavior and
textural properties of selected food materials, Viscosity measurement of fluid foods and thermal
properties of fluid foods.
Practical: Identification of different shapes of Biological materials based on standard chart, Principle
& working of small dimension measuring instruments, Determination of Roundness & Roundness
ration of materials, Determination of volume & sp. Gravity, Determination of sphericity of Grains,
Fruits & Use, Determination of Bulk density & True density of small & large objects, Determination of
angle of repose, Determination of leaf surface area a) Tracing & cutting method b) Tracing & Counting
method, Determination of Egg Surface Area, Determination of Terminal velocity of grain

SWLE 404                Well & Pumps                                                    3 (2-0-1)

Aquifers – type and characteristics; evaluation of aquifer properties; ground water investigation, ground
water movement and well hydraulics, ground water recharging; well drilling and construction methods;
selection and installation of well screen; design of gravel pack; development and completion of water
wells. Water resource evaluation.
                                                    19
Indigenous water lifts, classification of pumps; reciprocating pump and its working principle; air
vessel, working principle of centrifugal pump; specific speed; characteristics curves; efficiencies;
caviation; net positive suction head, pump selection; working principle of jet, axil, air lift, submersible,
mixed flow pumps and turbines, pump troubles – causes an remedies.

SES 416               Environmental Studies - II                               2 (2-0-0)
Definition, Scope and Importance. Ecosystem, concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an
ecosystem, Producer, consumer and decomposes, Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession,
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids, Introduction, types, Characteristic features, structures
and function of the following ecosystems: forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, desert ecosystem and
aquatic ecosystem.
Social Issues and the Environment: from unsustainable to sustainable development, urban problems
related to energy, water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management, resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problem and concerns, Case studies. Environmental ethics, Climatic
change, wasteland reclamation, consumerism and waste products. Environmental Protection Act. Air
(Prevention and control of pollution) act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation.
Public awareness.
Practical: Visit of different polluted sites to assess their effect on pollution, monitoring of pollutant in ecosystem.
Study of simple ecosystem- ponds, rivers, hill slopes. Study of common plants, insects, ( Herbarium file/ insect
box) Visit of local polluted site- urban/rural/agricultural/ industrial. To study the different purification of
industrial effluents and wastes.

AET 400                 Training – I                                                       1 (0-0-1)


                                             SEMESTER – VI
ECE 512                 Instrumentation & Control Engineering                              3 (2-0-1)

Measurement system and error analysis, measurement of level, flow, temperature, strain pressure,
vacuum, force, torque, power, displacement, vibration, acceleration, pH, colour viscosity, surface
tension and composition. Indicating recording instruments, digital displays, transmitting and
telemetering devices.
Introduction to control system- Feedback and feed forward control strategies, block diagrams, Laplace
and inverse Laplace transforms mathematics models of physical systems, transfer functions steady state
analysis, dynamics of first and second order
systems. Mode of control and generation of control action; P. PI and PID control elements and value
positioners, frequency response and root locus analysis. Stability and quality of overall control.
Electronic, pneumatic and hydraulic control systems and their application in farm machinery, food
processing industry, aquaculture and their applications milk processing plants.
Practical: Calibration of Bourdon pressure gauge; Dynamic calibration of different types of
thermometers, Determination of time constants of thermometers and thermocouples. Calibration of
differential pressure transmitters; Calibration of velometer and hot wire anemometer; Speed
measurement using non-contact type sensors; Determination of discharge coefficient using
morifcemeter and venturimeter; use and calibration of rotameter, pH meter, conductivity meter and
viscometer; Static calibration of flapper nozzle assembly; Calibration of pneumatic P, PI and PID
controllers; Study and calibration of control valves; Cascade control of level and flow/temperature and
flow.



                                                          20
MAS 512              Operation Research                                         3 (3-0-0)

OR definitions; principle components of decision problems – scope in agricultural and food
engineering; principles of modeling; linear programming – concepts, graphical and algeba\raic solution,
simplex method, revised simplex method, duality theory, post-optimality analysis; transportation and
assignment models; computer applications to LP, queing theory; project scheduling and management
by PERT – CPM, integer programming; non linear programming –Fibonacci and Golden Selection
Search; Lagrange Multipliers and Kuhn-Tucker Conditions; introduction to dynamic programming and
simulation

APFE 511             Post Harvest and Storage Engineering                       4 (3-0-1)

Threshing machines- design, principles, operations, maintenance and testing, winnovers, cleaners and
graders & separators, Design principles, operation, maintenance and testing. Dehuskers, shellers,
hullers, polishers, Grinders – Design Principles, operation, maintenance and testing. Drying of farm
crops – principles of drying, EMC Drying curves, thin layer drying, fluidized bed drying, batch drying.
Psychrometrery-Properties of air & water vapour mixture. Dryers – Types, design principles, operation,
maintenance and testing. Storage bins – design criteria, operation, maintenance, aeration and moisture
migration in storage bins, detection and control of fungal and microbial insects and pests growth in the
stored produce, storage technologies-control atmosphere storage, modified atmosphere storage, cover
and plinth storage, hypobaric storage. Retail storage packaging – Nitrogen packaging, CO2 packaging,
vaccum packaging, retortable packaging.
Practical: Determination of moisture content of Farm produce by direct and indirect methods, Size
reduction and determination of Bond’s energy constant for grains, Determination of milling quality of
paddy, Determination of milling quality of wheat, Sieve analysis of grain milling products, Parboiling
of paddy, Performance of a thresher, cleaner and girder , Determination of shelling efficiency of a ricke
dehusker, Performance of a rice polisher, Evaluation of thermal efficiency and heat utilization factor in
a grain dryer, Performance of an oil expeller, Rice and flour mills layout, Fraringraphy for dough
development of wheat flour.

FMP 501              Tractors and Power Units                                   4 (3-0-1)

Tractor development, tractor types, trends in tractor design. Power Units of tractors. Friction clutches
and brakes. Power train, Transmission gears, types of high and low gear transmission. Differential,
power-take-off and final drive. Tractor hydraulic components, properties of hydraulic fluid, position
and draft control systems. Mechanical and power steering. Traction model, weight transfer, 2WD,
4WD, tread design. Traction mechnism, tyre size, load inflation pressure relationships, lug spacing and
ply rating. Static equilibrium force analysis, maximum achievable drawbar pull. Tractor longitudinal
and lateral stability, center of gravity determination. Operator exposure to noise, vibration, heat, cold
and dust. Roll over protection for wheeled tractors, operator safety. Tractor testing and
reliability,Tractor power costs estimation, tractor service life. Standards for tractors.
Practicals: Study of agricultural tractors and power tillers, Study of SI and CI engines used in tractors
and power tillers, Study of tractor and power tiller fuel supply systems, Study of tractor electrical
system, Study of tractor and power tiller transmission systems.
Study of tractor hydraulic system, Study of steering system of a tractor, Determination of center of
gravity of tractor, Testing of Fuel Injection Pump and Injector of a tractor, Tractor engine exhaust
testing for quality emission, Tractor noise and vibration testing, Tractor driving practice, Field

                                                   21
operation of tillage implements, Field evaluation of tractor drawbar performance, Evaluation tractor
operator activity in field operations, Study of tractor wheel parameters.

SWLE 501                Soil & Water Conservation Engineering                            3 (2-0-1)

Soil Erosion: Factors affecting and damages caused, Processes and types of erosion, Quantitative soil
loss equation, Universal soil loss equation.
Soil Erosion Control Practices: Agronomical practices, Contouring, Crop rotation, Strip cropping,
Vegetative control of gullies, Vegetated waterways, Mulching, Green manureing pastures and Agro-
forestry.
Contour and Graded Bunds: Types and maintenance.
Bench Terraces: Types and maintenance,
Land clearing, Leveling and grading
Gully Control Structures: Types of temporary & permanent gully control structures, Land Slides &
Erosion Control on Hills: Stream bank erosion, Planning, Design & construction of vegetative &
machinery spur, Coastal erosion control practices, wind erosion and its control practices.
Rain Water Harvesting & Storage Structures: Water harvesting techniques, Types of water harvesting
structures, Planning,.
Field visit of problematic area and study of different types of water harvesting structures.
Estimation of land shaping and grading for development, study of working of scraper, leveler and
grader, operation of grader for leveling, drainage and chemical treatment of land, preparation of seed
beds for rain fed farming, design, drawing and preparation of estimates for different soil conservation
structures.

APFE 516            Crop Process Engineering                                    3 (2-0-1)
Theory : Scope and importance of food processing, principles and methods of food processing. Processing of
farm crops; cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables and their products for food and feed. Processing of
animal products, Principal of size reduction, grain shape, 198 size reduction machines; crushers, grinders, cutting
machines etc. - operation, efficiency and power requirement – Rittinger's, Kick’s and Bond’s equation, fineness
modulus. Theory of mixing, types of mixtures for dry and paste. materials, rate of mixing and power
requirement, mixing index. Theory of separation, size and un sized separation, types of separators, size of
screens, sieve analysis, capacity and effectiveness of screens, pneumatic separation. Theory of filtration, study of
different types of filters, rate of filtration, pressure drop during filtration. Scope & importance of material
handling devices, study of different types of material handling systems; belt, chain and screw conveyor, bucket
elevator, pneumatic conveying, gravity conveyor- design consideration, capacity and power requirement.
Practical: Preparation of flow and layout charts of a food processing plant; Determination of fineness modulus
and uniformity index; Performance evaluation of hammer mill; Performance evaluation of attrition mill; Study of
cleaning equipment; Separation behavior in pneumatic separation; Study of grading equipment; Evaluation of
performance of indented cylinder and screen pre-cleaner; Mixing index and study of mixers; Study of conveying
equipments; Performance evaluation of bucket elevator.

SWLE 502                Irrigation Engineering                                           4 (3-0-1)

Source of irrigation water, measurement of irrigation water infiltration, application of soil plant
atmospheric continuum and principles of fluid mechanics to design of irrigation system, water balance
equation and evaluation of different components; measurement of evaporation and evapo transpiration;
Estimation of irrigation water requirement and irrigation scheduling; efficiencies of irrigation systems,
hydraulics, design and evaluation of surface, sub-surface, overhead and drip irrigation systems; design
of water conveyance systems including control structures, design principles, characteristics curves,
selection of pumps and prime movers.


                                                        22
Practicals: Determination of bulk density of soil, Determination of soil moisture stress at different
depths by tensiometers, Aggregate analysis of soil, Determination of coefficient of permeability of soil
by constant head method & variable head method, Determination of moisture content of soil by
gravimetric method, Determination of infiltration characteristics of soil, Determination of coefficient of
discharge of various V-notch and rectangular notches, Determination of advance and recession in check
basin method of surface irrigation, Determination of uniformity coefficient of overhead and mini
sprinklers, Determination of distribution uniformity of drip irrigation, Determination of head loss in
irrigation pipes

                                       SEMESTER – VII
FMP 502               Renewable Energy                                           3 (2-0-1)

Solar Energy option, solar radiation. Liquid flat plate collectors and their performance, concentrating
collectors. Solar energy operated systems for heating, cooling, drying and water pumping, solar pond.
Thermal energy storage, photovoltaic conversion.
Available wind power. Analysis of wind regimes. Types of wind mills and their characteristics. Wind
pumps, coupling of pump and wind rotor. Anaerobic fermentation of biomass. Design of biogas system
for heating, lighting and running IC engines. Alcohol fuels, use of alcohol fuels in IC engines. Producer
gas system. Use of CNG in IC engines. Geothermal energy. Types of Non-Conventional Energy & its
utilization.
Practical: Study of flat plate and concentrating type of collectors. Study of solar cooker, solar water
heaters, solar dryer. Study of photo voltaic cell, solar pump. Study of different solar radiation
measuring instruments. Study of windmill and wind pump.

FMP 601               Farm Machinery Design and Testing                          4 (3-0-1)

Research and development aspect of farm machinery. Introduction to design parameters of agricultural
machines and design procedure. Characteristics of farm machinery design. Design and selection of
standard power transmission components i.e. flat belt, V belt, chains, hook’s joint used in agricultural
machines. Application of design principles for tillage, seeding, transplanting, weeding, plant protection,
harvesting and threshing operations. CAD for selected farm machines. Reliability. Safety aspect in
design. Types of testing, BIS and RNAM Test codes and procedures. Performance evaluation of
selected farm machines and interpretation. Test equipments-usage and limitations. Design of selected
components of farm machines.
Practical: Study of different power transmission system. Field testing & adjustments of primary &
secondary tillage implements. Field-testing of power operated seed drills. Field testing of different
harvesting & threshing machinery. Computer aided design of selected agricultural tools and
machineries.

SWLE 505              Drainage Engineering                                       3 (2-0-1)

Agricultural land drainage problems, drainage requirements of crops, drainage investigation for
planning and execution of drainage systems; determination of drainage co-efficient and drainable
porosity; drainage methods; principles, design, analysis and layout of surface drainage, horizontal,
subsurface & vertical drainage system; equipment and machines for installing drainage systems;
equipment and machines for installing drainage systems, reclamation of water logged and salt affected


                                                   23
lands; water quality and pollution; planning of integrated irrigation and drainage system; drainage
materials, their specification and comparative performance
Practical: Installation of observation wells and piezometers, Preparation of isobaths and water table
contour maps, installation of surface and subsurface drainage systems, field visits to drainage projects,
economic evaluation of drainage system installation,

APFE 512              Dairy and Food Engineering                                    4 (3-0-1)

MILK- Physical and chemical properties, selection of materials for milk handling, classification.
Proceedings milk- Cream separation, pasteurization, homogenization, sterilization butter churning,
cheese manufacturing, condensed and dried milk. Ghee ice cream yogurt, whey, margarine, khova,
butter
Filling and Packing: - Bottle fillies, can washes packing of milk products. Maintenance of dairy plant.
Dairy Equipment & plant design
General characteristics of food materials. Unit operation of various food processing system- cleaning,
screening and type of screens separators. Milling- screen analysis, fineness modules, crushing
efficiency- Bond’s law, Kick’s law, Rettinger’s coefficient, oil expression and extraction, parboiling,
materials handling – belt conveyors, belt Tension, bucket elevator- buckets, drive mechanism, screw
conveyor, pneumatic, conveyer, Blanching, food dehydration, Drying time calculation, freezing,
freezing time, types of freezing, Extrusion cooking, material and energy Balance in food Engg
operation. Water activity- free bound water.
Practical: Study of vapor compression refrigerator cycle, Study of evaporative condenser, cooling
tower, Study of different tanks in a dairy plant (weight tank, Storage tank, balance tank), Study of
HTST pasteurizer, performance evaluation of cream separator, Performance evaluation of Butter churn,
Performance of Homogenizer, Sieve analysis of Milking Products.

AET 601                  Entrepreneurship Development in Agro - Industries                      3 (3-0-0)
Entrepreneurship Development: Assessing overall business environment in the Indian economy. Overview of
Indian social, political and economic systems and their implications for decision making by individual
entrepreneurs. Globalisation and the emerging business / entrepreneurial environment. Concept of
entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial and managerial characteristics; managing an enterprise; motivation and
entrepreneurship development; importance of planning, monitoring, evaluation and follow up; managing
competition; entrepreneurship development programs; SWOT analysis, Generation, incubation and
commercialization of ideas and innovations. Government schemes and incentives for promotion of
entrepreneurship. Government policy on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) / SSIs. Export and Import
Policies relevant to horticulture sector. Venture capital. Contract farming and joint ventures, public-private
partnerships. Characteristics of Indian farm machinery industry. Social Responsibility of Business.

SWLE 503              Hydraulics & Design of Irrigation Systems                     3 (3-0-0)

Hydraulics of border, check basin and furrow irrigation methods, Hydraulics of main, sub main and
laterals for sprinkler and drip irrigation systems, design, operation and maintenance of surface,
sprinkler and drying irrigation systems.


SWLE 504              Soil and Water Conservation Structures                        2 (2-0-0)

Soil Erosion Control Practices
Contour and Graded Bunds: Types, Layout, Design, construction and Cost estimation
                                                     24
Bench Terraces: Types, Layout, Design, construction and Cost estimation
Temporary Gully Control Structures: Planning and design of soil bed earthen bunds, wooden post and
woven wire check dam, Loose rock fill dam,
Permanent Gully Control Structures: Drop spillway, Chute and drop inlet spillway.
Rain Water Harvesting & Storage Structures: types of water harvesting and storage structures. Design,
construction & maintenance of ponds and reservoir, Economic evaluation of water harvesting and
storage structures

AET 500               Training – II                                              1 (0-0-1)

AET 580           Seminar - I                                                      1 (0-0-1)
AET 699 a         Project (Project Formulation)                                    3 (0-0-3)

AET 600           Educational Tour / Field Visit                                   NC


                                      SEMESTER – VIII
SWLE 601          Integrated Watershed Management                                  3 (2-0-1)

Concept of watershed development and management; Watershed characteristics, problems of land
degradation, land use capability classification and topographical characteristics of watershed. Integrated
multi-disciplinary approach; Basic data collection on watersheds, soil and soil moisture conservation,
conservation measures; Dry land farming, techniques based on watershed characteristics, sustainable
Agriculture for watershed development; Biomass- management, Micro-catchments farming, Irrigation
with saline water, Hi-tech irrigation methods, Reducing water losses, Forestry, Rain water
management, Hydrological monitoring and modelling of watershed, Management of watershed plains;
Case studies.
Practical: Field visit to watersheds of nearby areas

SWLE 604          Economic Evaluation of Water Resource Projects                   3 (3-0-0)

Data requirements and survey, Topographical, geological, hydrological, socio-economic technological;
Market survey; Identification of alternate options and associated data requirements and survey, Project
feasibility; Demand assessment; Planning period and time horizon, economic –demographic
projections, integrated and desegregated analysis and model building; Demand resilience and consumer
behavior, Basic economic concept: present worth, future worth, annuities, discounting techniques,
depreciation, Production function and cost curves: Components of cost curves, learning curve,
expansion path, long term and short term, Estimation of project benefits and costs, Tangible and
intangible values, indifference curves, Pricing concepts; oligopolies kinked demand curve model,
skimming price and penetration price, Economic of natural resources management, Field and finance,
Financial analysis, Economic and financial models, Analysis of water resources projects in real- world
settings, Benefit cost analysis, Risk considerations, Project optimality, Mathematical models for
multipurpose and multi-objective projects, Technological economics, Capital budgeting and cost
allocation.




                                                   25
SWLE 605             Water Laws & Policies*                                                        3 (3-0-0)

Canal acts, land laws, Ground water legal issues, Disposal and pollution control laws, Surface and
subsurface water laws legal procedures, water disputes, Water boards and authorities.

SWLE 606             Minor Irrigation                                                              3 (2-0-1)
Definitions, scope and progress of minor irrigation works in UP, Geologic formation for ground water
supply; Methods for ground water exploration, Litho logical investigations and aquifer studies, Design
and construction of water storage reservoirs; Equilibrium and non-equilibrium flow to wells, Open and
tube wells, Development of wells.
Practical: field visits and study of minor irrigation projects

SWLE 607             GIS and Remote Sensing                                                       3 (2-0-1)

Principles and concepts, Introduction to the physics of remote sensing, Spectral characteristics of land,
Mission planning, Sensors for Environmental monitoring, Visible wave lengths, Camera, Vidicon,
Multi spectral scanner, Infrared, Radiometer, Thermal scanner, Microwave bands, Imaging radar,
Spectrometer, Sensor platforms for data collection, Ground observations, Radiometric and conventional
data, Airborne system, Side looking radar, MSS satellite systems, Landsat, HCM, Meteosat SPOT,
Data analysis and inter- presentation, Remote sensing data products, Multispectral and diachronic
approaches, Image analysis, Pattern recognition and classification techniques, Interpretation outputs,
Remote sensing for land surveys, Land escape inventories, Soil and land use mapping, Crop and
vegetation studies, Remote sensing for water resources, Remote monitoring of hydrological
parameters, Rainfall and evaporation estimates, Soil moisture, Remote sensing of ground water, river
and lake systems, Contamination studies.
Practical: Analysis and interpretation of remote sensing data , Study of satellite imagery, border
information and marking reference system , Interpretation of cultural details from IRS and SPOT
imagery, Preparation of LANDSAT Map using satellite imager FCC

SWLE 610           Landscape Irrigation Design & Management                              3 (3-0-0)

Irrigation equipments & materials. Types of sprinklers, microproducts, quick coupler equipments. System
operation, system freeze protection, Piping. Hydraulics, pressure. Piping system design. Fluctuation in city water
pressure. Determing capacity of existing piping system. Water hammer, cross connection control, pumps. Pump
operation with irrigation controller, Hydropneumatic pressure system. Booster pumps. Design of landscape
irrigation equipments. Head layout, microirrigation. Golf course system. Valve wiring, controller wiring,
grounding controller system, pump circuit, Lighting suppression & fountains.

SWLE 602           Water Harvesting & ground Water Recharge                              3 (3-0-0)

Water harvesting; Scope, need & types of water harvesting, long term & short term water harvesting techniques,
water harvesting structures, design of water harvesting structure & ponds, water harvesting techniques for hilly
and arid region.
Reservoir type storage structures; Definition and types, storage or conservation reservoirs, flood control
reservoir, multipurpose reservoir & distribution reservoirs planing & site selection, water yields for catchments,
estimation of runoff, reservoir components, capacity –elevation curves of reservoir, storage zones of reservoirs,
design of reservoirs capacity, Bibliographical and analytical method; Stenz’s table Barlow table, Lacy’s formula,
Inglis formula, Khosla formula, determining reservoir capacity for a given demand & vise versa, Demand
pattern of various reservoirs, Hydrologic reservoir routing method, Sedimentation, Reservoir losses spillway
design.

                                                       26
SWLE 512         Wasteland Management                                           3 (3-0-0)
Land suitability classification according to USBR; Land suitability categorizes according to FAO
framework; Land evaluation; Mapping of degraded soil through soil survey; Land degradation in arid
semiarid regions; Land degradation due to erosion, Land degradation management by soil conservation
practices, Causes, Reclamation and management of water logged and salt affected soils, Rehabilitation
and management of ravine lands, Selection, Design, and management of Irrigation and drainage system
in watersheds, Economic evaluation of watershed development projects.
                 Operation, Maintenance & Economic Evaluation of
SWLE 603                                                         3 (3-0-0)
                 Water Resource Projects
Physics surface irrigation; Design and evaluation procedure for border, Check basin and furrow
irrigation; Guidelines for operational and maintenance and surface irrigation methods. Description of
quick coupling, Dragline and moveable sprinkler irrigation systems and center Pivot system; Design,
installation operation and maintenance of sprinkler irrigation systems; spray losses and drop size
distribution in sprinkler irrigation systems and efficiency evaluation. Suitability of drip irrigation
system under Indian conditions; Types of drip irrigation systems; Emitter types; Emitters construction;
Discharge of principles for emitters; design of drip irrigation systems;
Data requirements and survey, Topographical, geological, hydrological, socio-economic technological;
Market survey; Identification of alternate options and associated data requirements and survey, Project
feasibility; Demand assessment; Planing period and time horizon, economic –demographic projections,
integrated and desegregated analysis and model building; Demand resilience and consumer behavior,
Basic economic concept: present worth, future worth, annuities, discounting techniques, depreciation,
Production function and cost curves: Components of cost curves, learning curve, expansion path, long
term and short term, Estimation of project benefits and costs, Tangible and intangible values,
indifference curves, Pricing concepts; oligopolies kinked demand curve model, skimming price and
penetration price, Economic of natural resources management, Field and finance, Financial analysis,
Economic and financial models, Analysis of water resources projects in real- world settings, Benefit
cost analysis, Risk considerations, Project optimality, Mathematical models for multipurpose and multi-
objective projects, Technological economics, Capital budgeting and cost allocation.

                                                                                3(2-0-1)
 SWLE 611                      Water Quality Management
The Physical chemical, Biological and hydrological characteristics of surface water system in junction
to water quality management; characterization of water quality in natural system; Contamination of
water quality due to human activity; Engineering Management practices and methodologies, with
particular emphases on total maximum daily load and waste load location approaches for minimizing
contaminant inputs; water quality problems domains in stream and river system, lakes reservoirs and
ground water system; Ecological principles impacting water quality; Hydrologic and hydraulic
principles relating to water quality monitoring; Assessment, remediation, planning and management,
and post audit/,monitoring strategies; Various pollution constituents point and nonpoint diffused
surface subsurface interaction; State and Federal water quality legislation and permits; standards and
criteria; Treatment methods: aeration, nutrient inactivation, biological manipulation, etc.
Practical: Determination of all Physio Chemical properties of water; pH; temperature; Conductive;
Dissolved Oxygen; Nitrate; Nitrite; Fecal; Coliform; Turbidity Hardness; BOD.




                                                  27
SWLE 612            Reservoir and Farm Pond Design                                         3 (2-0-1)

Theory: Earthen embankments - functions, advantages and disadvantages, classification – hydraulic fill and
rolled fill dams - homogeneous, zoned and diaphragm type; foundation requirements, grouting, seepage through
dams - estimation of seepage discharge, location of seepage/phreatic line by graphical and analytical methods,
flow-net and its properties, seepage pressure, seepage line in composite earth embankments, drainage filters,
piping and its causes; design and construction of earthen dam, stability of earthen embankments against failure
by tension, overturning, sliding etc; stability of slopes - analysis of failure by slice method; types of reservoirs
and farm ponds, design and estimation of earth work; cost
analysis.
Practical: Study of different types and materials of earthen dams; Determination of the position of phreatic line
in earth dams for various conditions; Stability analysis of earthen dams against head water pressure; Stability
analysis of earthen dams against foundation shear; Stability analysis of earth dams against sudden draw down
condition; Stability of slopes of earth dams by friction circle method / different methods; construction of flow net
for isotropic and anisotropic medium; Computation of seepage by different methods; determination of settlement
of earth dam; Input-output-storage relationships by reservoir routing; design of farm ponds; cost estimation of
farm ponds and other structures.

SWLE 408            Environmental Engineering                                              3 (3-0-0)
Environment and its component, Pollution of environment by human activity, introduction to water, air,
land, thermal & noise pollution, introduction to environmental impact pollution, ecology and
ecosystem, concept of ecology inbalances, elements of environmental analysis, introduction of water
quality impact analysis, environmental legislation and environmental audit; Industrial process and
waste treatment unit, sedimentation, design of primary and secondary sedimentation tank. Settling and
removal efficiency for discrete and flocculent setting mechanics of coagulation, flocculation.
Filtration; Suitability of sewage for irrigation, location and design of sewage farms, public health
aspects of sewage farms, economic and social aspects of sewage irrigation. Disposal of sewage on land,
techniques for environmentally sound water resource development.




FMP 602             Human Factors Engineering                                              3 (2-0-1)
Ergonomics: human biological, ergonomic and psychological capabilities and limitations,
anthropometry, principles of motion economy as related to the use of the human body and the design of
instruments, equipment and tools. Analysis and design of job requirements, work place arrangements,
visibility/readability of dials, display and design of controls and mimics. Energy cost of various
activities. Psychological factors affecting operator machine performance, postural comfort and operator
safety.
Practical: Noise level testing of different implements at operator’s ear level and bystanders position.
Vibration testing of different parts of implements. Dust level testing of different threshing machineries.
Visibility and display test of dials and display.

FMP 603             Farm Machinery Management                                              3 (3-0-0)
Recent development in farm machinery in India & abroad. Economic performance of man-machine-
task combination. Costs, operational management, power, draft and efficiency analysis. Selection and
Management of farm machines. Scheduling of operations, maintenance, equipment placement and
inventory control of spare parts.


                                                        28
FMP 604            Fluid Machinery and Hydraulic Controls                              3 (3-0-0)
Fluid forces on solid bodies, pressure loss vortex flow, flow over aerofoil. Types of blowers –
centrifugal, axial flow, propeller and cross flow. Design of axial flow blowers, positive displacement
compressors. Vacuum pump. Hydraulic control components. Hydraulic control systems for tractor and
earthmoving machines. Design of hydraulic control systems.
FMP 605            Tillage and Traction Engineering                                    3 (2-0-1)
Coulomb’s law of friction and cohesion. Measurement of soil strength properties. Soil stress-strain
behaviour. Assessment of the dynamic properties of soil. Mechanics of inclined rigid tools. Mechanics
of rotary and vibratory tillage tools. Design considerations of different tillage tools. Performance of
tillage tools.
Mechanics of traction and transport devices. Performance characteristics of off-road vehicles: drawbar
pull and drawbar power, coefficient of traction, wheel slippage, tractive efficiency, gross traction,
rolling resistance, wheel sinkage, fuel economy indices, weight transfer. Traction elements: tyres and
tracks. Methods of improving traction, prediction and evaluation of the performance of traction and
transport devices, modeling of traction performance.
The scope of the practical work is indicated by the syllabus.
Practical: Determination of different soil parameters, Performance evaluation of mould board plough,
vertical conveying reaper. Measurement of draft of different implements. Measurement of cohesive
force and angle of internal friction of soil.
FMP 606            Manufacturing Processes of Agricultural Machinery                    3 (3-0-0)

Introduction to materials, cutting tools and manufacturing methods. Design of jigs and fixtures and
their application in production of agricultural machinery components. Surface finish and evaluation.
Inspection and quality control of agricultural machines. Process planning analysis and production
controls. Work study & productivity method study. scope and aims of time & motion study. Activity
sampling, operation analysis, resource scheduling & system optimization. Assembly of machines,
assembly of methods, statistical quality control methods & Go/No-Go data. Preparing reports on
manufacturing techniques of selected components of agricultural machines. Reliability of machine
system, maintenance schedule & replacement of machines.
FMP 607            Tractor Design & Testing                                             3 (3-0-0)
Procedure for design and development of agricultural tractor, Study of parameters for balanced design of tractor
for stability & weight distribution, hydraulic lift and hitch system design. Design of mechanical power
transmission in agricultural tractors. Design of Ackerman Steering and tractor hydraulic systems. Study of
special design features of tractor engines and their selection. Design of seat and controls of an agricultural
tractor. Tractor Testing.

FMP 608            System Engineering                                                   3 (3-0-0)
System concepts. Requirements for a Linear programming problems. Mathematical formulation of Linear
Programming problems and its Graphical solution. Response of systems. Computer as a tool in system analysis.
Simplex method. Degeneracy and Duality in linear programming. Artificial variable techniques, Big M method
and two phase methods. Mathematical models of physical systems. Modelling of Agricultural Systems and
operations. Cost analysis. Transportation problems. Assignment problems. Waiting line problems. Project
management by PERT/CPM. Resource scheduling.




                                                      29
FMP 609           Agricultural Mechanisation                                        3 (3-0-0)

Status of Mechanization power sources on the farm, principles of mechanical equipment selection for
organized agricultural enterprises, machinery specification and standards, performance efficiency, cost
and use, machinery replacement and management factors, domestic and foreign consideration.


APFE 603          Food Plant Operations Management                                 3 (3-0-0)

Food Plant Operation Function, Operations Strategy, Products Design, Managing Quality, Quality
Control & Improvement, Process Selection, Service Operations Design, Choice of Technology, Process
Flow Analysis, Forecasting, Facilities Decisions, Aggregate Planning, Independent Demand Inventory,
Performance Measurement, Supply Chain Management.

APFE 606          Beverages Technology                                             3 (3-0-0)

Manufacturing technology of mineral water and carbonated drinks, classification of water filters.
Filtration, water quality, treatment and fortification process. Bottling, packaging, storage and
transportation. Fruit based beverages: Squash, Cordial, Nector, Crush.Alcoholic based beverages:
Mildly alcoholic based beverages: Wine, Beer.Milk based beverages: Carbonated & Non-carbonated
beverages

APFE 608          Advanced Techniques in Food Processing                           3 (2-0-1)

Aseptic canning and ohmic heating, extrusion cooking, effect of process variable of the physio-
chemical and nutritional characteristics of extruded foods. Refrigerated storage of fresh and processed
food. Advances methods of food freezing, indicators for quality of frozen foods.
Fortification, synthetic nutrients, functional foods, use of radiation and microwave in food processing.
High-pressure processing, supercritical gas extraction, Flavour Encapsulation.
Practical: study of dielectric heating, study of ohmic heating, Numerical on refrigerated storage of
food, study on cold extrusion, visit to a food processing plant

APFE 611          Food Packaging Technology                                        3 (2-0-1)

Basic concepts of food packaging. Packaging operations, package functions and package design
consideration. Principles in the development of protective packaging. Packaging materials and their
properties. Different types of food packages. Special packaging methods such as vaccum gas and shrink
packaging. Special problems in packaging of different foodstuffs. Test procedure for packaging
material and packaged foods. Principles of packaging equipments, package standards and regulations.
Marketing and economics.
Strength properties of packaging materials. Water vapour and gas transmission rates of flexible
packaging materials. Identification of plastic films. Chemical resistance of plastics films. Package
products compatibility tests. Estimation of shelf –life of packaged food stuffs. Vacuum and gas
packaging. Performance evaluation of transport packages.
Practical: Identification of different packaging materials, study of vacuum packing machine, study of
shrink packing machine, study of form-fill-seal packing machine, Tests & signification of corrugated
fiber boxes, transport worthiness tests, study of food label & collections of various types label,
calculation of shelf life of food, visit to a can manufacturing unit, visit to a glass manufacturing unit.


                                                   30
APFE 602           Food Process Equipment Design                                    3 (2-1-0)
Application of design engineering for food processing equipments, Design parameters, codes and
materials selection. Design handling and milling equipments, dryers, heat exchangers, Pressure vessels,
Optimization of design with respect of process efficiency, Design of fluid conveyance system, Design
of evaporator, vapor separator and condenser. Equipments lay out and ventilation in food processing
plants, computer assisted design of a heat exchanger, dryers and a storage system.
APFE 614                Food Laws & Legislation                              2(2-0-0)
Concept and significance of Food Legislation, Indian Food Laws and Legislation, Prevention of Food
Adulteration (PFA), Beauro of Indian Standards (BIS), Agmark, Agricultural and Processed Food
Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), International Standardization and Organization
(ISO), Codex Alimentrius Commission (CAC), Food Laws and legislation in EU, Middle East, SAARC
and ASEAN.
APFE 615                Entrepreneurship in Food Industries                  2(2-0-0)
Identification of Business opportunities, market survey, project formulation, selection of product, choice
of technology, financial institutions, fund flow analysis, functional ratio, techno-economic feasibility of
project, costing and pricing, industrial sickness and remedies.

APFE 508                Food Plant Sanitation & Waste Management             3(2-0-1)
Sanitary design of food process equipment, Selection of sanitizing agents for cleaning, packaging
sanitation, food storage sanitation, transport sanitation and water sanitation. By-products obtained from
dairy plant, egg & poultry processing industry and meat industry. Characterization of food industry
wastes e.g., BOD, COD and total organic content, floatable and suspended solids in water,
pretreatment, secondary treatments of solid waste, sludge volume index, advanced techniques activated
bio-filtration, biological fluidized bed reactor, dried bacteria culture process tertiary treatments or
advanced waste water treatment system (AWT); polishing ponds, DAF Techniques, micro trainers
treatment and disposal of sludge, sand filters, removal of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, physical
chemical treatment process.
Practical: Flow process chart of food plant Waste utilization processes, various treatment for waste
disposal analysis of cleaners & sanitizers, CIP Cleaning.

APFE 601                Food Plant Design & Maintenance                      3(2-1-0)
Food Plant Design and Maintenance plant Design consideration, feasibility Analysis, financial analysis,
plant location, plant layout, process selection, process flow Analysis, choice of Technology,
Scheduling, Job Design Performance measurement and improvement, Replacement and maintenance.
Physical properties of food materials and energy balance calculations for preliminary estimation of
plant capacity & equipment sizes. Preparation of flow sheets for material movement and utility
consumption in food plant. Design of storage vessels, pressure vessels & vessels for drum drying.
Design of fluid conveyance system, heat exchangers, evaporators, condenser, vapor separator etc.
Performance characteristics and selection of fan, blowers ejector compressors & vacuum pumps.
Design considerations for food plant, equipment lay-out and ventilation in food process plant.
Performance characteristics and selection of centrifugal & positive displacement sanitary pumps. Food
plant maintenance including preventive & break down maintenance.

APFE 509                       Fermented Food Products                       3(2-0-1)
                                                31
Food fermentation, stock culture and inoculum preparation. Lactic acid fermentation of milk,
vegetables, cereals and meat. Alcoholic fermentation of fruit juices, sugar and starch substrates.
Vinegar fermentation, mixed fermentation of cereal legumes and milk. Malting, brewing, steeping,
germination, kilning and curing. Chemical and biochemical changes during malting and mashing.
Separation of wort, wort boiling and hops addition. Fermentation, separation, maturation, carbonation
and packaging.
Practical: Lactic acid fermentation. Alcoholic fermentation of fruit juices. Acetic acid fermentation
and alkaline fermentation. Barley steeping. Germination, malting mashing and brewing; Preparation of
wine and distillation of wine.




                                                 32
                                   Course Structure
                       B-Tech Water Resource Engineering
                           Applicable from 2009 Batch
SEMESTER – I
S. No.   Course Code     Course Title                                     L- T- P   Credits
    1.   GPT 301         Moral & Value Education                          2- 0 -0     2
    2.   MAS 312         Elementary Mathematics (Ag group)                3- 0- 0     3
    3.   AGRN 403        Principles of Agriculture (PCM Group)            2- 0- 1     3
    4.   PHY 312         Engineering Physics                              3- 1- 1     5
    5.   ME    304       Workshop Practice                                2- 0- 2     4
    6.   ME    301       Engineering Graphics -I                          0- 0- 2     2
    7.   EEE 301         Basic Electrical Engineering                     3- 0- 1     4
    8.   SES 402         Soil and Water Chemistry                         2- 0- 1     3
    9.   ECE 301         Basic Electronics                                2- 1- 1     4


SEMESTER II
   1.    LNG 304         Professional Communication & Technical Writing   2-0- 1      3
   2.    SES 503         Soil Physics                                     2- 0- 1     3
   3.    MAS 411         Engineering Mathematics –I                       3- 1- 0     4
   4.    ME   408        Engineering Thermodynamics                       2- 0- 1     3
   5.    ME 401          Engineering Graphics –II                         0- 0- 2     2
   6.    COMP 410        Computer & Languages                             2- 1- 1     4
   7.    CE    401       Engineering Mechanics                            3- 0- 0     3
   8.    BAM 213         Principle of Management                          2- 1- 0     3

SEMESTER – III
    1.   MAS 490       Engineering Mathematics –II                        3-1-0       4
    2.   CE   406      Fluid Mechanics                                    3-0-1       4
    3.   CE    411     Foundation Engineering                             2-0-0       2
    4.   SWLE 405      Introduction to Water Resource Engineering         3-0-0       3
    5.   CE    408     Strength of Materials                              2-1-0       3
    6.   CE   402      Surveying & Leveling                               2-0-2       4
    7.   CE    410     Soil Mechanics                                     2-1-0       3
    8.   AET 401       Agricultural Engineering - I                       3-0-1       4
SEMESTER – IV
  1.     SWLE 501      Soil & Water Conservation Engineering              2-0-1       3
  2.     AET 402       Agricultural Engineering - II                      3-0-1       4
  3.     MAS 551       Numerical Analysis                                 4-0-0       4
  4.     SWLE 403      Engineering Hydrology                              3-0-0       3
  5.     MAS 511       Statistical Methods                                2-0-1       3
  6.     MAS 512       Operation Research                                 2-1-0       3
  7.     SES  415      Environmental Studies-I                            2-0-0       2
  8.     CE  409       Building Materials and structural design           2-1-0       3



                                                  33
SEMESTER - V
  1.     SWLE   406        Water Resource System Planning                3-0-0     3
  2.     SWLE   407        River Engineering & Flood Water Control       3-1-0     4
  3.     SWLE   408        Environmental Engineering                     3-0-0     3
  4.     SWLE   502        Irrigation Engineering                        3-0-1     4
  5.     SWLE   505        Drainage Engineering                          2-0-1     3
  6.     SWLE   506        Design of Water Resource Structures –I        2-1-0     3
  7.     SWLE   513        Water Lifting Machines                        3-0-0     3
  8..    SES    416        Environmental Studies-II                      2-0-0     2
  9.     AET    400        Training – I                                  0-0-1     1

SEMESTER - VI
  1.     SWLE 507       Design of Water Resource Structure – II            2-1-0   3
  2.     SWLE 508       Ground Water Engineering                           3-0-0   3
  3.     SWLE 509       Erosion and Sedimentation in Streams and
                                                                           3-0-0   3
                        Reservoirs
  4.     SWLE   510     Water Resource System Analysis                     3-0-0   3
  5.     SWLE   515     Rural and Urban Water Supply                       2-1-0   3
  6      SWLE   601     Integrated Watershed Management                    2-0-1   3
  7.     SWLE   514     Open Channel Flow                                  2-1-0   3
  8      SWLE   609     Water Power Engineering                            3-0-0   3

SEMESTER - VII
   1.    SWLE   608     Waste Water Engineering                            3-0-0   3
   2.    SWLE   611     Water Quality Management                           2-0-1   3
   3.    SWLE   512     Waste Land Management                              3-0-0   3
   4.    SWLE   602     Water Harvesting and Ground Water Recharge         3-0-0   3
   5.    SWLE   603     Operation, Maintenance and Economic Evaluation
                                                                           3-0-0   3
                        of Water Resource Projects
   6.    SWLE    607    GIS and Remote Sensing                             2-0-1   3
   7.    SWLE    503    Hydraulics & Design of Irrigation Systems          3-0-0   3
   8.    AET     500    Training –II                                       0-0-1   1
   9.    AET     580    Seminar –I                                         0-0-1   1
   10.   AET    699 a   Project (Project Formulation)                      0-0-2   2

SEMESTER - VIII
  1.     SWLE   605     Water Laws & Policies                              3-0-0   3
  2.     SWLE   606     Minor Irrigation                                   2-0-1   3
  3.     SWLE   610     Landscape Irrigation Design and Management         3-0-0   3
  4.     AET    680     Seminar –II                                        0-0-1   1
  5.     AET    699 b   Project (Project Execution and Report)             0-0-7   7




                                                  34
                                 Detail Course Syllabus
                     B-Tech Water Resource Engineering

                                         SEMESTER – I

     GPT 301                         Moral & Value Education                          2 (2-0-0)

My country and my people, the many Indians, being and becoming an Indian, Nationalism and
Internationalism.
Some life issues – Love, Sex and marriage, Men and Money - value of time, meaning of work, human
communication, human suffering, addiction, ecology, women’s issues.
Understanding one’s neighbor, neighbor hood groups: their structure and functions, patterns of social
interaction of group dynamics.
Preparation for career, choice of vocation, motivation for study and research, the present education
system: curriculum and syllabus, teaching method, examination and work experience.
Definition of value education, Moral and Ethics, Laws and Moral based on Ten Commandments and
two great commandments.
Discovery of self, Self-awareness, Growth of intellect- Man’s spiritual nature, emotions, will. Respect
the rights of life , liberty, property , truth reputation.
Sin, Origin of sin, manifestation of sin, the results of sin, the remedy of sin, sin as an act, sin as a state,
sin as a nature.
Conscience – as defined in Oxford dictionary and Winston Dictionary, types of
consciousness (such as evil, convicted, purged, pure, weak, good, void of offence).

     MAS 312                   Elementary Mathematics (Ag Group)                      3 (3-0-0)

Algebra:
Theory of quadratic equations i.e. (ax2 + bx + c = 0), Binomial theorem (for positive integral index
only). Uses of Natural and Common Logarithms, Exponential series, Partial Fractions, Determinants
(of order three only), Theory of Matrices (Addition, Subtraction), Product of Matrices, Transpose,
Elementary idea of following: adjoint, Inverse of matrices by adjoint method, Solution of liner
equations, Solution of inequalities, Permutation and combination.
Trigonometry:
Trigonometry functions, addition and subtraction formula, Double and half angle formula, Laws of
sines and cosines, Solution of triangles, Height and distances, Real and complex numbers, Hyperbolic
trigonometric functions, De Moiwes theorem.
Coordinate Geometry:
Distance between two points, Area of triangles, Straight lines (Parallel and at right angles)
Calculus: Elementary Differentiation and Integration.

    AGRN 403                  Principles of Agriculture (PCM) group                   3 (2-0-1)

Crop Classification, Cropping systems for major agro-ecological regions; crop ecosystem and strategies
of crop production in tropical and sub-tropical regions; modern techniques of raising field an d
horticultural crops; tillage practices and soil management, seeds and seeding practices; scheduling of
irrigation and fertilizers; plant protection measures; harvest and post harvest operations; dry land
farming principles and practices; crop growth assessment and modeling.

                                                      35
Practical: identification of an acquaintance with seeds, plants, weeds and Agro –chemicals, testing of
Germination, viability and vigour of seeds, estimation of agro-chemicals for field application,
determination of tillage requirement for field preparations, Hydroponics, seeding and planting
techniques and assessment of stand and establishment of field crops, Irrigation water measurement
techniques, Biometrics observations of growth, yield and yield attributes, measurement of Leaf Area
index, Determination of chlorophyll content in leaf, estimation of oil in different oil seed crops,
Determination of N,P,K, in crops, testing quality of Crops

    PHY 312                            Engineering Physics                        5 (3-1-1)

Surface tension: Angle of contact, Excess of pressure inside a spherical surface, Capillary rise,
Determination of surface tension by Jaeger’s methods.
Viscosity: Streamline and turbulent motion, Coefficient of viscosity, Critical velocity, Poieseulle’s
equation for flow of liquid through a tube, Viscometer.
Optics: Interference, Thin films, Testing of Optical plainness of surfaces. Young’s double slit
experiment – Coherent sources, Intensity in Young’s experiments, Interference in thin films, Newton’s
ring and Michelson interferometer. Diffraction Fraunhofer diffraction at single slit, Diffraction at a
circular aperture, Diffraction at double slit, Diffraction Gratings, Resolving and dispersive power of a
grating.
Polarization: Production and detection of circularly & elliptically polarized light. Quarter and half wave
plates, Optical activity, Specific rotation, Lurent’s half shade polarimeter, Determination of specific
rotation and strength of sugar solution. Ultra Sonics: Production, application in ranging, Cleaning and
drilling.
Practical: Production and measurements of vacuum. Mechanical pumps (Rotary vacuum pump)
Diffusion and condensation pumps, Gettesr measurement : Manometer, Mecleod gauge, Piram gauge.
Measurement of temperature: Thermo e.m.f., Measurement of thermo e.m.f. by potentiometer, Higher
temperature measurement by using pyrometers and resistance thermometer.

     ME 304                            Workshop Practice                          4 (2-0-2)

General: Workshop terminology, ferrous and non ferrous metals, steel and alloy steels, light alloys and
non ferrous heavy metals, heat treatment, case hardening, corrosions, Plastics, glue, grease, paint,
varnish and lacquers.
Carpentry: Timber classification, defects in timber, description and use of tools in carpentry.
Smithy: Nature of work in smith’s furnace tools and their uses, safety and precautions in smithy, jigs
and fixtures, hot and cold working of metals, forging drawing and spinning Fitting: Description and use
of files, chisels, hacksaw, vices, hammers and other measuring marking tools, precision measuring
tools, dial gauges and inspection gauges.
Machine Job: Classification and description of lathe machine, milling, drilling and grinding machine,
special purpose machines- Turret and Capstan –Lathes, gear cutting machines.
Welding Job: Types of welding oxyacetylene gas welding, electric arc welding, argon arc welding,
MIG and TIG welding, resistance welding, brazing and soldering, use of fluxes.
Sheet metal shop- Description and uses of tools used in sheet metal shops, different joints, riveting,
Sawing and simple joints, planing; Chipping marking and filing; Knurling, centering, drilling and
threading, etc.; Forging operation; Welding joint preparation; Metal arc welding and gas welding
practice; Revetting operation for lap joint.

     ME 301                         Engineering Graphics – I                      2 (0-0-2)

Construction and use of scales, Lettering, Construction of plane geometrical figures, parabola,
hyperbola and ellipse, Special plane curves, Epicycloids, Hypocycloid, Involutes and sperals, Helix and
                                                   36
simple loci. Orthographic projection of points, Lines their traces and inclination. Projection of solids
likes prism, Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid and development of surface. Introduction to CAD. Construction
of isometric scales, Isometric projection of simple objects.

     EEE 301                       Basic Electrical Engineering                     4 (3-0-1)

Kirchhoff’s laws, delta star and star delta transformation, Thevenin’s and super position theorem, A.C
fundamentals, average and effective values in signals, transient and steady state response of circuit,
active and reactive power, resonance in circuits, filters, analysis of three phase circuits, characteristics
of magnetic and dielectric materials, magnetic circuit, hystersis and eddy current losses, two port
network parameters, force acting or current carrying conductor in magnetic field, magnetic force due to
electric current, statically and dynamically induce EMF, stored energy, force between parallel
conductors, single phase transformer, construction principle EMF equation, transformer efficiency.
Practical: Verification Kirchhoff’s laws, measurement of current voltage, frequency and power,
determination of impedance and its components, three phase power measurements, electromagnetic
relays and solenoids, calibration of energy meter and watt meter, no loads and open circuit test of a
transformer, efficiency of the transformer, circuits phasor diagrams of single phase circuits, relation
between line and phase voltage and currents.

 SES 402                        Soil and Water Chemistry                            3 (2-0-1)

Chemical nature of the mineral and organic constituents of soil and of the solution; lon
exchange and soil other colloidal phenomena including the effect of soil amendments and
fertilizers; Microbiological process in soils. Quality of irrigation water ; chemistry of water ;
Quality of water; Analysis of Water.

ECE 301               Basic Electronics                                           4 (2-1-1)

Introduction to signals, spectra, transducers, electronics and systems, p-n junction diodes, rectifiers –
half-wave, full wave, capacitive filters, Zener diodes, power supply and voltage regulation; p-n-p and
n-p-n transistors, transistor characteristics, transistor as an amplifier – CE, CB, CC; biasing and bias-
stability, small-signal, equivalent Circuits, H-Parameter Model, Signal Handling Capacity, Frequency
Response Of Amplifiers; Concepts Of Feedback Amplifiers, negative feedback, gain-bandwidth
product, regenerative feedback and conditions for oscillation, oscillators; OP-AMPs and application of
OP-AMPs; Field effect devices – JEFT, MOSFET and their characteristics; SCRs, power amplifiers;
Logic Gates; Flip – Flops amd ICS.

                                       SEMESTER – II
 LNG 304           Professional Communication & Technical Writing                   3 (2-0-1)

Reading Comprehension- Factual- formulating translating global comprehension – language- in – use
in terms of synonyms, collection in context, introduction to different types of writing – descriptive –
narrative and exposition letter - writing-formal and informal – speech acts-norms of preparing
introductory address, presidential address, vote of thanks.
Integrated grammar by means of class exercise, common errors in English writing – use of cohesive
devices – dialogue practice – orientation to different types of letters -performing different speech acts
according to contexts – exercise based on examination like TOEFL, GRE and GAT.



                                                    37
      SES 503                                  Soil Physics                            3 (2-0-1)

General physical characteristics of salt, soil as a dispersed three phase system, volume and mass
relationships of soil constituents, soil profile, texture, particle size distribution, specific surface and soil
classes, nature and behavior of clay, soil structure of aggravation, soil water content and potential,
measurements of soil water, flow water in saturated and unsaturated soils, soil air and aeration, soil
temperature and heat flow, soil compaction and consolidation.
Practical: Measurement of soil physical characteristics, soil water content, soil water potential, soil
moisture characteristic curve, infiltration, hydraulic conductivity and soil composition.

      MAS 411                           Engg. Mathematics – I                          4 (3-1-0)

 Differential Calculus: Asymptotes- curves and curvature partial differentiation-Euler’s theorem, total
 differential coefficient. Taylor’s theorem for two variables, maxima and minima Lagrange’s
 multiplier.
 Integral Calculus: Application of integral calculus area enclosed by curves length of arc. Volume and
 surface of revolution, Evolution of double and triple integrals, Gamma and Beta functions- Dirichlets’s
 integral. Simple tests of convergence of integrals.
 Infinite Series :Convergence and divergence of series, tests of convergence, Alternating series ,
 absolutely and conditionally convergent series , uniform convergence.

      ME 408                        Engineering Thermodynamics                         3 (2-0-1)

 System and properties, concepts of energy, temperature and heat, first law of closed and open systems,
 pure substance and properties second law of thermodynamics and entropy, boiler, mountings and
 accessories, boiler efficiency, steam engines, Rankine cycle, indicator diagrams, steam turbines, I.C.
 Engines, air standard ratio, otto, diesel and joule cycles.
 Practical: Study of Fire Tube boiler, Study of Water Tube boiler, Study and Working of Refrigerator;
 Study of velocity compounded steam turbine, Study of pressure compounded steam turbine, Study of
 impulse & Reaction turbine, Study of steam engine model, Study and working of two stroke petrol
 engine, Study and working of four stroke petrol engine, Determination of indicated H.P. of I.C. Engine
 by Morse Test, Study and Working of two stroke Diesel Engine, Study and working of four stroke
 Diesel engine, Study of Ignition system of I.C. Engine, Study of Braking system of any vehicle.

      ME 401                          Engineering Graphics – II                        2 (0-0-2)

 Forms of screw threads-BSW square metric, representations of threads, bolts, headed counter sunk
 stud, screws and set screws, nuts hexagonal square, keys types taper sunk taper hallow saddle round gib
 head feather and woodruff keys, spline shaft. River heads and Riveted joints. Cotter joint, knuckle joint,
 footstep bearing, stuffing block, plumber screw jack.

     COMP 410                           Computer & Languages                           4 (2-1-1)

 Details of computer organization and peripherals, types of computers, hardware –software, working in
 DOS and Window environment, networking, algorithms and flow charts, programme development,
 arithmetic expressions, programme compilation, debugging and testing. Concept of structured
 programming, subroutines and functions. Computer viruses, solution of engineering problems using
 BASIC / FORTRAN. Future trends and in computer laws and piracy.
 Practical: Study of computer components, computer practice of DOS commands, study of BASIC using
 READ, DATA, PRINT statements etc., numerical integration and differentiation using BASIC
 language , BASIC programme for ‘t’ test, BASIC programme for random number generation in

                                                       38
different ranges, FORTRAN programme- READ, WRITE AND PRINT Statement, free Format and
Formatted INPUT AND OUTPUT Statements, solution of Quadratic equation using FORTRAN
language, use of subroutines in the main programmes, use of function sub programmes in the main
programmes, Runge- Kutta method, Trapezoidal – Simpson’s rule.

      CE 401                          Engineering Mechanics                          3 (3-0-0)

Introduction to mechanics and SI unit, review of vector algebra and important vectors equivalent force
system, equivalent forces at a point, simplest resultants in tow and three dimension, equations of
equilibrium, free body diagram, reactions number of unknowns indeterminacy and solvability, two
dimensional frames and trusses, methods of members, method of joints and method of sections,
principle of virtual work, friction forces, sliding and rolling friction, belt, rope and chain derives and
power screws, properties of surfaces, centriods, mass centers theorem Pappus and Guldinus, second
moment of product of inertia of plane area, parallel axis theorem and polar movement of inertia,
particle kinematics: Velocity, acceleration, curvilinear coordinator system and relative motion, particle
dynamics, equations of motion system of particles, D. Alembert’s Principle and central force.

    BAM 213                          Principle of Management                         3 (2-1-0)

Management services: theory and practices. Planning: nature and purpose, objectives, decision making.
Organization, nature and purpose, departmentation, hire/staff, decentralization. Staffing, human
resource management and selection, performance appraisal. Leading: management and human factor,
motivation, leadership.      Controlling: process of controlling, control techniques, information
technology.



                                       SEMESTER – III
     MAS 490                       Engineering Mathematics – II                      4 (3-1-0)

Vector Calculus: Differentiation of vector’s –directional derivatives, line surface and volume integrals
statement of Gauss, Green’s and Stoke’s theorem and their application.
Differential Equations: Differential equation of first order degree- linear differential equations with
constant coefficients – Homogeneous equations with variable coefficients, application practical
problems, Bessel’s and Legenderes differential eqns., Partial differential equations. Matrices: Basic
properties transpose, adjoint inverse and rank of a matrix. Solution of equation. Elementary
transformation –characteristics equation, Cayley- Hamitton theorem.


      CE 406                              Fluid Mechanics                            4 (3-0-1)

Definition and properties of fluids. Units of measurement, fluid statics: pressure at a point and its
measurement, fluid static force o submerged surface, byoyancy, condition of floating and stability of
submerged and floating bodies.
Kinematics of fluids: Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid motion, stream lines, path lines,
streak lines, types of fluid flow: translation, rotation, circulation and vorticity; stream function, velocity
potential and flow net; discharge; system, control volume and cross section; stress-strain rate
relationship, linear and angular momentum theorems and application; some exact solutions of Navier-
Strokes equation.      Dynamics of third: Transport theorem, conservation laws, equation of continuity,
Euler’s equation of motion, Bernoulli’s equation, viscous flow.Dimensional Analysis & Similitude,

                                                     39
Internal flow: Laminar & turbulent flow in pipes, general equation for head loss-Daicy-Weisbach and
Fanning’s equations, Moody’s diagram, energy losses through pipe fittings, flow through network of
pipes.
Practical: Study of pressure measuring devices, Relationship between depth of liquid and pressure
exerted by it, Determination of metacentric height of floating vessels, Determination of pressure drop
flow rate relationship for flow of air through packed bed and fluidization velocity, Determination of
flow pattern, port arrangement and pressure drop in a plat heat exchanger, Verification of Bernoulli’s
theorem, Demonstration of laminar and turbulent flows, Determination of head loss through pipes and
pipe fittings. Determination of coefficient of discharge for a venturimeter, Determination of orifice
meter coefficient, Calibration of a notch , Measurement of non-Newtonian parameters of liquid foods,
Determination of forces on submerged bodies, Flow visualization using s moke in a transparent tube to
demonstrate path line, streak line, laminar and turbulent flows, Experiments using water table to
demonstrate various flow phenomena, Measurement of viscosity surface tension of liquids,
Demonstration of momentum theorem using impulse and reaction turbines ,Estimation and
measurement of flow rate through single screw extruder.

      CE 411                          Foundation Engineering                          2 (2-0-0)

UNIT – 1
Bearing capacity (Rankine analysis, Terzaghi analysis, effect of water table on bearing capacity, plate
load test, penetration test.)
UNIT – 2
Shallow foundation (Types of foundation, spread footing, safe bearing pressure, settlement of footing,
combined & strap footing, Mat & Raft footing.
UNIT – 3
Pile foundation (Types of piles, pile driving, Load carrying capacity of pile, dynamic formula, static
formula, pile load test, penetration test, group action in pile, negative skin friction, laterally loaded pile,
under reamed pile foundation & bored pile.
UNIT – 4
Well foundation (Introduction, caissons, shapes of wells & component part, depth of well foundation &
bearing capacity, force acting on well foundation, well sinking, analysis of well foundation &
pneumatic caisson
UNIT – 5
 Machine foundation (Soil dynamics, the mass spring system, vibrating spring mass system with
damping, force vibration, natural frequency of foundation, soil system, bulls of pressure concept

    SWLE 405              Introduction to Water Resource Engineering                  3 (3-0-0)

Origin of water and rain droughts area in India, Irrigation and water resource potential, Majors rivers in
India, Assessment of flow in rivers in India, Classification of river basins, Domestic, Industrial and
Agricultural water demands, Water demands for hydro power generation, Navigation and recreation,
Types of Aquifers and wells, Ground water recharge, Assessment of ground water potential, Optimum
utilization of water resources in irrigation , Water losses, Social –economic aspects & scope of water
resource engineering.
                                        Strength of Materials                         3 (2-1-0)
      CE 408

Concept of stress, normal and shearing stress in axially-loaded members, factors of safety and
introduction to design the strength, concepts of strains, normal and shearing strains, stress- strain
relationship, generalized Hooke’s law, strain compatibility in two dimensions and application to
isotropic materials, plane stress and plain strain; Poisson’s ratio, stress –strain diagrams for uniaxial
                                                      40
loading deformation of axially loaded members and statically indeterminate problems torsion’s of
circular shafts: stress and deflections in closed coiled and helical springs subjected to axial forces;
members subjected to flexural loads; reactions for statically determinate beams; relationship between
loads, shearing force and bending moment; shear force and bending stresses in beams; shearing stresses
in beam; members subjected to combined loads; transformation of plain stresses and strain; principal
stresses and principal plains; principal strains, Mohr’s circle of stresses and strain , principal stresses in
3D; relationship between elastic constant; Strain rosettes; principal stresses for strain measurements;
combine torsion and bending; investigation of stress at a point; pressure vessels; byaxial stresses; yield
theories; principles of design for strength; deflections of beams; direct integration method, moment area
method.

      CE 402                           Surveying & Leveling                          4 (2-0-2)

Measurement of distance, principle and methods of chain surveying, prismatic compass and chain
traversing, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying including two-point and three–point problems,
leveling and contouring, measurement of areas and volumes, principles of hydrographic surveying and
aerial surveying and their application to agricultural engineering.
Practical: Handling of chain and chain accessories, offsetting, acquaintance with field book; Ranging
out surveying line and plotting chain survey; Triangulation by chain and offsetting for details for
preparation of map of a small area; Plotting of the field book reading for preparation of map
acquaintance with symbols of different objects used in maps and scale of map; Setting up of prismatic
compass and measurements of angles; Traversing of a small area with chains and prismatic compass
and offsetting for details; Plotting of the above map; Setting upoff a 20’’ accuracy transit Theodolite
and measurement of horizontal angles and verticals angle; Setting up off a plain table and off setting by
intersection method; Plain table traversing (5 sides); Setting up off a dumpy level and exercise in fly
leveling and reciprocal leveling; demonstration of modern equipment- Theomat, Distomat and
Automatic levels.

      CE 410                               Soil Mechanics                            3 (2-1-0)

Engineering properties of Soil, Soil Hydraulic, Stress distribution, Compressibility, Shear strength,
Earth Pressure, Rankine theory, Coulombs wedge theory, Stability of slopes, Stability analysis of finite
& infantine slopes, Taylor’s stability nos. and stability curves, Bishops methods of stability analysis.
Bearing Capacity: Rankines analysis, Terzaghis analysis, Effect of water table on bearing capacity,
Shallow foundations; Types of foundation, spread footing, well foundation, shape of wells and
components, Depth of well, foundation and bearing capacity, forces acting on a well foundation,
analysis of well foundation, well sinking, pile and machine foundation.

     AET 401                        Agricultural Engineering I                       4 (3-0-1)

Status and scope of farm mechanization, Classification, constructional details, principles of operation
of manually operated, animal drawn and power operated implements and machinery used in crop
production viz. primary and secondary tillage implements, puddlers, intercultural implement, seeding,
planting and fertilizer application equipment, plant protection equipment. Crop harvesting and
threshing equipment, chaff cutters and sugarcane crushers. Hitching of implements. Safety in farm
machinery. Performance evaluation, selection and cost analysis.
Practical: Practical study of primary tillage and secondary tillage implements. Constructional and
functional study of different types of seed-drill, Calibration of seed drills. Study of sprayers & dusters,
self-propelled rice transplanter, different types of power operated reapers and threshers.


                                                     41
                                      SEMESTER – IV
   SWLE 501                 Soil & Water Conservation Engineering                3 (2-0-1)

Soil Erosion: Factors affecting and damages caused, Processes and types of erosion, Quantitative soil
loss equation, Universal soil loss equation.
Soil Erosion Control Practices: Agronomical practices, Contouring, Crop rotation, Strip cropping,
Vegetative control of gullies, Vegetated water ways, Mulching, Green manureing pastures and Agro-
forestry.
Contour and Graded Bunds: Types, Layout, Design construction, Cost estimation and maintenance.
Bench Terraces: Types, Design construction, Layout, Cost estimation and maintenance, Land clearing,
Leveling and grading
Gully Control Structures: Types of temporary & permanent gully control structures, Planning and
design of soil bed earthen bunds, Wooden post and woven wire check dam, Loose rock fill dam, Drop
spillway, Chute and drop inlet spillway.
Land Slides & Erosion Control on Hills: Stream bank erosion, Planing, Design & construction of
vegetative & machinery spur, Coastal erosion control practices, wind erosion and its control practices.
Rain Water Harvesting & Storage Structures: Water harvesting techniques, Types of water harvesting
structures, Planning, Design & maintenance of ponds and reservoir.
Field visit of problematic area and study of different types of erosion control structures & water
harvesting structures.
Estimation of land shaping and grading for development, study of working of scraper, leveler and
grader, operation of grader for leveling, study of working and operation of bulldozer, efficiency test of
earth moving machineries, drainage and chemical treatment of land, preparation of seed beds for rain
fed farming, design, drawing and preparation of estimates for different soil conservation structures.

    AET 402                       Agricultural Engineering II                    4 (3-0-1)

Threshing machines- design, principles, operations, maintenance and testing, winnovers, cleaners and
graders & separators, Design principles, operation, maintenance and testing. Dehuskers, shellers,
hullers, polishers, Grinders – Design Principles, operation, maintenance and testing. Drying of farm
crops – principles of drying, EMC Drying curves, thin layer drying, fluidized bed drying, batch drying.
Psychrometrery-Properties of air & water vapour mixture. Dryers – Types, design principles, operation,
maintenance and testing. Storage bins – design criteria, operation, maintenance, aeration and moisture
migration in storage bins, detection and control of fungal and microbial insects and pests growth in the
stored produce, storage technologies-control atmosphere storage, modified atmosphere storage, cover
and plinth storage, hypobaric storage. Retail storage packaging – Nitrogen packaging, CO2 packaging,
vaccum packaging, retortable packaging.
Practical: Determination of moisture content of Farm produce by direct and indirect methods, Size
reduction and determination of Bond’s energy constant for grains, Determination of milling quality of
paddy, Determination of milling quality of wheat, Sieve analysis of grain milling products, Parboiling
of paddy, Performance of a thresher, cleaner and girder , Determination of shelling efficiency of a ricke
dehusker, Performance of a rice polisher, Evaluation of thermal efficiency and heat utilization factor in
a grain dryer, Performance of an oil expeller, Rice and flour mills layout, Fraringraphy for dough
development of wheat flour.


    MAS 551                            Numerical Analysis                         4 (4-0-0)

Introduction:
                                                   42
Errors in Numerical computation; Mathematical preliminaries; Errors and their analysis; Machine
computation; Computer software.
Algebraic & Transcendent Equation:
Bisection method; Iteration method; Method of false position; Rate of convergence; Method for
complex root; Newton Raphson method.
Interpolation:
Introduction; Error in Polynomial Interpolation; Finite differences; Decision of errors, Newton’s
formula for Interpolation.
Curve Fitting, Cubic Spline & Approximation:
Introduction; Method of least square curve fitting procedures; Fitting a straight line; Numerical
differentiation; Numerical Integration; Approximation of functions.
Numerical Integration & Differentiation:
Introduction; Numerical differentiation; Numerical Integration, Trapezoidal Rule; Simpson 1/3 Rule;
Simpson 3/8 Rule.
Statistical Computation:
Frequency chart; Correlation; Regression analysis; Least square fit; Polynomial fit;
Linear & non-linear regression, Multiple regression, Statistical quality control methods.


   SWLE 403                          Engineering Hydrology                       3 (3-0-0)

Weather and hydrology, Forms of precipitations; Measurements and estimations, Evaporation &
transpiration: Factor affecting, Measurements and estimation, Stream flow measurement: Measurement
of stage & velocity, Stage discharge relationship, Runoff: Introduction hydrograph, runoff
characteristics of streams, yield (annual runoff volume), flow duration curve, flow mass curve.
Hydrograph: Factors affecting flood hydrograph, Components of hydrograph, Base flow separation,
Effecting rainfall, Unit hydrograph, Synthetic & Instantaneous unit hydrograph, Flood routing: Basic
equations and Method of flood routing, Hydrologic channel routing, Clark method for instantaneous
unit hydrograph, Nash conceptual model.

    MAS 511                            Statistical Method                        3 (2-0-1)

Statistic, population parameter, frequency distribution, frequency polygon, histogram, bar chart
arithmetic, weighted, geometric and harmonic mean, mode, median for grouped and ungrouped data,
standard discretion, mean deviation and coefficient of variation, simple and multiple correlation
coefficient, regression line, fitting equations to data by least square method, curve linear regression
line, fitting equation to data by least square method, curve linear regression. Test of significance; t,F
and X2 tests. Distribution: Normal, Binomial and Poisson distribution, confidence internal. Analysis of
variance; definition, assumption, one-way and two way classification with one per cell, probability
theory.

    MAS 512                            Operation Research                        3 (2-1-0)

OR definitions; principle components of decision problems – scope in agricultural and food
engineering; principles of modeling; linear programming – concepts, graphical and algeba\raic solution,
simplex method, revised simplex method, duality theory, post-optimality analysis; transportation and
assignment models; computer applications to LP, queing theory; project scheduling and management
by PERT – CPM, integer programming; non linear programming –Fibonacci and Golden Selection
Search; Lagrange Multipliers and Kuhn-Tucker Conditions; introduction to dynamic programming and
simulation

                                                   43
     SES 415                         Environmental Studies -I                       2 (2-0-0)

Definition, Scope and Importance. Ecosystem, concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an
ecosystem, Producer, consumer and decomposes, Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession,
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids, Introduction, types, Characteristic features, structures
and function of the following ecosystems: forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, desert ecosystem and
aquatic ecosystem.
Social Issues and the Environment: from unsustainable to sustainable development, urban problems
related to energy, water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management, resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problem and concerns, Case studies. Environmental ethics, Climatic
change, wasteland reclamation, consumerism and waste products. Environmental Protection Act. Air
(Prevention and control of pollution) act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation.
Public awareness.
Practical: Visit of different polluted sites to assess their effect on pollution, monitoring of pollutant in
ecosystem. Study of simple ecosystem- ponds, rivers, hill slopes. Study of common plants, insects, (
Herbarium file/ insect box) Visit of local polluted site- urban/rural/agricultural/ industrial. To study the
different purification of industrial effluents and wastes.


CE 409                Building Materials & Structural Design                      3 (2-1-0)

Steel and its structural properties, Riveted and welded connections, Design of sections for
tensions, Compression and bending including built-up sections, Grillage foundations, Roof
trusses, Plate and lattice girders, Industrial buildings, Indian standard code. Introduction to I.S.
code for practice for R.C. design, Design of two- way slabs, Retaining walls, Continues beams,
Water tanks etc. IRC bridge loadings – load distribution on bridge girders.
Design of Masonry and Timber Structures. Working Stress Design Method: Assumption,
distribution of stresses on the cross section in bending transformed area, analysis and design of
rectangular singly and doubly reinforces section, T and L sections.
Limit State Design Method: Assumptions, distribution of stresses on the cross section in
bending Analysis and design of a rectangular singly & doubly reinforced Sec., T and L
Sections.
                                        SEMESTER – V
    SWLE 406                    Water Resource System Planning                      3 (3-0-0)

Introduction and concept of water resource planning, Problems in water resource planning, Objectives,
Steps and phases of water resource planning, Project formulation and evaluation, Environmental
consideration in water resource planning, Pitfalls in planning, Multipurpose water resource systems,
Objectives and compatibility of multipurpose water resource system, Introduction and application of
system analysis, Mathematical modeling and application of deterministic in water resource planning,
Linear programming to different water resources problems. Economic analysis of water resource
projects.


    SWLE 407               River Engineering & Flood Water Control                  4 (3-1-0)

River Engineering:
Introduction and classification of river, behavior of rivers, river region theory, mechanism of meanders
                                                    44
development, types of alluvial river region, cut off, effects of dam on river region, conveyance of
surface water through river intake and dam outlet.
Objectives and Principles of River Training:
Methods of river training, classification of river training works, design parameters of embankments,
bank protection spurs and artificial cutoff, case study.
Flood Control:
Definition and causes of floods, flood forecasting techniques flood flows and then estimation,
estimating design flood and flood flows, CWC recommended for choosing design flood and values for
design of hydraulic structures, Different methods of flood control selection and estimation of design
flood, flood control by reservoirs, operation problems of flood control reservoirs, Lavees and flood
walls, diversion of flood water, watershed management for flood control, flood plain management,
emergency evacuation, benefit of flood control, cost and benefit analysis of flood control, economics of
flood control projects, National policy for flood control; Case study.

    SWLE 408                       Environmental Engineering                      3 (3-0-0)

Environment and its component, Pollution of environment by human activity, introduction to water, air,
land, thermal & noise pollution, introduction to environmental impact pollution, ecology and
ecosystem, concept of ecology inbalances, elements of environmental analysis, introduction of water
quality impact analysis, environmental legislation and environmental audit; Industrial process and
waste treatment unit, sedimentation, design of primary and secondary sedimentation tank. Settling and
removal efficiency for discrete and flocculent setting mechanics of coagulation, flocculation.
Filtration; Suitability of sewage for irrigation, location and design of sewage farms, public health
aspects of sewage farms, economic and social aspects of sewage irrigation. Disposal of sewage on land,
techniques for environmentally sound water resource development.

SWLE 502              Irrigation Engineering                                     4 (3-0-1)

Source of irrigation water, measurement of irrigation water infiltration, application of soil plant
atmospheric continuum and principles of fluid mechanics to design of irrigation system, water balance
equation and evaluation of different components; measurement of evaporation and evapo transpiration;
Estimation of irrigation water requirement and irrigation scheduling; efficiencies of irrigation systems,
hydraulics, design and evaluation of surface, sub-surface, overhead and drip irrigation systems; design
of water conveyance systems including control structures, design principles, characteristics curves,
selection of pumps and prime movers.
Practicals: Determination of bulk density of soil, Determination of soil moisture stress at different
depths by tensiometers, Aggregate analysis of soil, Determination of coefficient of permeability of soil
by constant head method & variable head method, Determination of moisture content of soil by
gravimetric method, Determination of infiltration characteristics of soil, Determination of coefficient of
discharge of various V-notch and rectangular notches, Determination of advance and recession in check
basin method of surface irrigation, Determination of uniformity coefficient of overhead and mini
sprinklers, Determination of distribution uniformity of drip irrigation, Determination of head loss in
irrigation pipes


    SWLE 505                          Drainage Engineering                        3 (2-0-1)

Agricultural land drainage problems, drainage requirements of crops, drainage investigation for
planning and execution of drainage systems; determination of drainage co-efficient and drainable
porosity; drainage methods; principles, design, analysis and layout of surface drainage, horizontal,
subsurface & vertical drainage system; equipment and machines for installing drainage systems;
                                                   45
equipment and machines for installing drainage systems, reclamation of water logged and salt affected
lands; water quality and pollution; planning of integrated irrigation and drainage system; drainage
materials, their specification and comparative performance, field visits to drainage projects.
Practical: Installation of observation wells and piezometers, Preparation of isobaths and water table
contour maps, installation of surface and subsurface drainage systems, field visits to drainage projects,
economic evaluation of drainage system installation,

   SWLE 506                Design of Water Resource Structures – I               3 (2-1-0)

Planing, Layout and distribution system of canal network, Types of canals, Canal alignment,
Estimation of head discharge and water requirement, Estimation of losses in the canal, Design of lined
and unlined canals and channels, Sediments transport theories, Function of canal regulator, Design of a
cross regulator and distributary head regulator, Development, classification & Design of falls, Types,
Selection and design of canal outlets, Design consideration of bridges and culverts, Types of canal
lining, Economics of canal lining, Maintenance of lined and unlined canals.

   SWLE 513                         Water Lifting Machines                       3 (3-0-0)

Fundamentals of fluid flow. Introduction and classification of pumps. Centrifugal pumps, components
and working, head, capacity, power and efficiency of centrifugal pump. Characteristic curves of
centrifugal pump. Cavitation in centrifugal pump. Priming of a centrifugal pump. Factors affecting
pump operation and selection of pumps. Reciprocating pumps. Types of reciprocating pumps, main
components and working. Discharge, work done and power required to drive reciprocating pump.
Single-acting and double-acting reciprocating pump. Coefficient of discharge and slip of reciprocating
pumps. Indicator diagrams. Special purpose pumps, bore hole pumps, submergible pumps, jockey
pumps, booster pumps etc. Pump tests and trouble shooting.

     SES 416                       Environmental Studies -II                     2 (2-0-0)

Natural Resources: forest resources, water resources, mineral resources, food resources, energy
resources, land resources. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of
resources for sustainable life style.
Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction, definition, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
Bio geographical classification of India, Value of diversity, consumptive use, productive use, social,
ethical aesthet and option values. Biodiversity atglobal, national and local levels. India as mega-
diversity nation. Hot-spot of biodiversity. Threat to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wild life,
man-wild life conflicts. Endangered and endemic species of India. Concervation of biodiversity, In-situ
conservation of biodiversity.
Environmental Pollution: definition, Causes effect and control measures of air pollution, water
pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, nuclear hazards. Solid
waste management: causes effect and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. Role of an
individual in prevention of pollution. Pollution case studies. Disaster Management : flood, earthquake,
cyclone and landslides.
Practical: Identification and study of different Natural resources. Determination of chloride in water
sample. Determination of pH in water sample. Determination of Acidity in water sample.
Determination of hardness in water sample. Determination of alkalinity in water sample. Determination
of turbidity in water sample. Identification of different tools for measurement of Environmental
pollution.

                                                                                 1 (0-0-1)
     AET 400                               Training – I

                                                   46
                                      SEMESTER – VI
    SWLE 507               Design of Water Resource Structure – II                3 (2-1-0)

Reservoirs planning, Types of Reservoirs, Investigation for reservoirs planning, Site selection and
design of reservoir, Economic of reservoir, Classification of dams, Advantages and disadvantages of
different types of dams site selection and investigation of dams. Forces acting on gravity dam, rock
fill dam and earth dam, design of dams, causes of failure and analysis in gravity dams profile of
gravity dam, joints, galleries and construction of gravity dam, foundation requirement in rockfill and
earth dam, causes and failure of earth and rockfill and earth dam, design of rock fill and earth dam,
seepage analysis, slope stability analysis, seepage control measure, drainage and filters of earth dam,
design of Arch dams and spill ways, design of dam outlets and slum ways.

    SWLE 508                       Ground Water Engineering                       3 (3-0-0)
Occurrence distribution & movement of ground water supply, Geologic formation of ground water
supply, Ground water possibilities, Aquifer properties; Hydrologic properties of aquifer, Flow through
aquifers properties, Properties of water in relation to flow, storage equations, steady and unsteady flow
in confined, unconfined & semi confined aquifer, aquifer test partially penetrated aquifers, seepage
from canal, stream- aquifer- well interaction, water level measurement in wells, monitoring water level,
geologic control, ground water provinces in India, hydro geologic well logging, ground water
modeling, ground water development, assessment of usable ground water & ground water balances,
ground water recharge, ground water legislation.

  SWLE 509          Erosion and Sedimentation in Streams and Reservoirs               3 (3-0-0)
Causes of stream bank erosion, Methods of controlling stream bank erosion, Direct protection works,
Stabilizing stream banks for vegetation, Protection of stream banks and slopes, Toe protection,
Deflection of current & deposition of sediment by installing records, Diversion of runoff, Origin &
properties of sediments, Reservoir sedimentation, measurement of sediments load in reservoir, Useful
life of reservoir, Measure to control reservoir sedimentation. Velocity distribution in streams, Rsistance
to flow in alluvial streams, suspended load transport, Mechanism of suspension, Sediment yield for
catchment, sediments samplers & sampling, Bed load sampling, Suspended load sampling,
Computation of total load, Bed material sampling, Design of stable channel, Methods of Sediments
control, Sediment controlling actions.

  SWLE 510                   Water Resource System Analysis                    3 (3-0-0)
Introduction to system analysis; Concept of deterministic & stochastic model, application of
deterministic, linear & dynamic programming techniques to water resource system analysis, application
of stochastic linear & dynamic programming in water resource system analysis, conjunctive surface &
ground water systems, Markav chain & inventory theory, design and operating policy models of
reservoirs, water quality management models.

  SWLE 515                         Rural and Urban Water Supply                           3 (2-1-0)
Planning of Urban Water Supply Projects & its implementation. Communicable diseases, rodents and
vector control. Urban sanitation including refuge disposal. Waste treatment within Municipal authority.
Municipal rules, regulations & acts, agencies involved. General sanitation in schools, hospitals, bathing
places and houses.
Planning of Rural water supply system, water quality and quantity requirements. Design criteria for
water supply system. Transmission and distribution systems, storage facilities.


                                                   47
 SWLE 601                  Integrated Watershed Management                           3 (2-0-1)
Concept of watershed development and management; Watershed characteristics, problems of land
degradation, land use capability classification and topographical characteristics of watershed. Integrated
multi-disciplinary approach; Basic data collection on watersheds, soil and soil moisture conservation,
conservation measures; Dry land farming, techniques based on watershed characteristics, sustainable
Agriculture for watershed development; Biomass- management, Micro-catchments farming, Irrigation
with saline water, Hi-tech irrigation methods, Reducing water losses, Forestry, Rain water
management, Hydrological monitoring and modelling of watershed, Management of watershed plains;
Case studies.

  SWLE 514                            Open Channel Flow                            3 (2-1-0)
Classification, description, Energy and momentum equation for prismatic and non prismatic channels.
Uniform flow, critical flow, critical depth, specific energy. Gradually varied flow, dynamic equation,
flow profiles, computation of flow profiles, analytical and graphical methods. Transitions in subcritical
and supercritical flow. Spatially varied flow, basic principle and assumptions, dynamic equations,
analysis of flow profile, methods of numerical interaction. Rapidly varied flow, characteristics of the
flow, hydraulic jump in horizontal and sloping channels, submerged hydraulic jump. Flow in channel
of non-linear alignment and non-prismatic channel sections.

    SWLE 609                      Water Power Engineering                        3 (3-0-0)
Hydraulic turbines, principle of working, velocity triangles, specific and unit quantities, performance
characteristics, turbine dimensions, classification of turbines. Hydropower development. Assesment of
power potential. Types of hydro-power plants. Components of power station, criteria for selection of
number and types of turbines. Water hammer and surge analysis, surge tanks, preliminary design of
intakes, conduits, penstocks. Power house dimensions. Development of micro hydel stations, tidal
plants, principle of working, assessment of potential. Recent trends in hydropower development.
Impact of hydropower development on the environment.

                                          SEMESTER – VII

 SWLE 608                         Waste Water Engineering                          3 (3-0-0)

Wastewater characteristics; composition and microbiology of wastewater, BOD kinetics. Wastewater
treatment; Reactor analysis, Unit operations and processes, design of basins, rapid mixing devices,
flocculators, filters and disinfection units, Process flowsheets. Theory and Design of biological
treatment processes and units including activated sludge process. Trickling filter, Waste stabilization
ponds, aerated lagoon and oxidation ditches. Anaerobic treatment of sludges and disposal, septic tanks.

                                                                                   3(2-0-1)
 SWLE 611                       Water Quality Management
The Physical chemical, Biological and hydrological characteristics of surface water system in junction
to water quality management; characterization of water quality in natural system; Contamination of
water quality due to human activity; Engineering Management practices and methodologies, with
particular emphases on total maximum daily load and waste load location approaches for minimizing
contaminant inputs; water quality problems domains in stream and river system, lakes reservoirs and
ground water system; Ecological principles impacting water quality; Hydrologic and hydraulic
principles relating to water quality monitoring; Assessment, remediation, planning and management,
and post audit/,monitoring strategies; Various pollution constituents point and nonpoint diffused
surface subsurface interaction; State and Federal water quality legislation and permits; standards and
criteria; Treatment methods: aeration, nutrient inactivation, biological manipulation, etc.

                                                   48
Practical: Determination of all Physio Chemical properties of water; pH; temperature; Conductive;
Dissolved Oxygen; Nitrate; Nitrite; Fecal; Coliform; Turbidity Hardness; BOD.

 SWLE 512                         Waste Land Management                             3 (3-0-0)

Land suitability classification according to USBR; Land suitability categorizes according to FAO
framework; Land evaluation; Mapping of degraded soil through soil survey; Land degradation in arid
semiarid regions; Land degradation due to erosion, Land degradation management by soil conservation
practices, Causes, Reclamation and management of water logged and salt affected soils, Rehabilitation
and management of ravine lands, Selection, Design, and management of Irrigation and drainage system
in watersheds, Economic evaluation of watershed development projects.

 SWLE 602           Water Harvesting and Ground Water Recharge                      3 (3-0-0)

Water harvesting; Scope, need & types of water harvesting, long term & short term water harvesting
techniques, water harvesting structures, design of water harvesting structure & ponds, water harvesting
techniques for hilly and arid region.
Reservoir type storage structures; Definition and types, storage or conservation reservoirs, flood control
reservoir, multipurpose reservoir & distribution reservoirs planing & site selection, water yields for
catchments, estimation of runoff, reservoir components, capacity –elevation curves of reservoir, storage
zones of reservoirs, design of reservoirs capacity, Bibliographical and analytical method; Stenz’s table
Barlow table, Lacy’s formula, Inglis formula, Khosla formula, determining reservoir capacity for a
given demand & vise versa, Demand pattern of various reservoirs, Hydrologic reservoir routing
method, Sedimentation, Reservoir losses spillway design.

                    Operation, Maintenance and Economic Evaluation of
  SWLE 603                                                                                      3 (3-0-0)
                    Water Resource Projects

Physics surface irrigation; Design and evaluation procedure for border, Check basin and furrow
irrigation; Guidelines for operational and maintenance and surface irrigation methods. Description of
quick coupling, Dragline and moveable sprinkler irrigation systems and center Pivot system; Design,
installation operation and maintenance of sprinkler irrigation systems; spray losses and drop size
distribution in sprinkler irrigation systems and efficiency evaluation. Suitability of drip irrigation
system under Indian conditions; Types of drip irrigation systems; Emitter types; Emitters construction;
Discharge of principles for emitters; design of drip irrigation systems;
Data requirements and survey, Topographical, geological, hydrological, socio-economic technological;
Market survey; Identification of alternate options and associated data requirements and survey, Project
feasibility; Demand assessment; Planing period and time horizon, economic –demographic projections,
integrated and desegregated analysis and model building; Demand resilience and consumer behavior,
Basic economic concept: present worth, future worth, annuities, discounting techniques, depreciation,
Production function and cost curves: Components of cost curves, learning curve, expansion path, long
term and short term, Estimation of project benefits and costs, Tangible and intangible values,
indifference curves, Pricing concepts; oligopolies kinked demand curve model, skimming price and
penetration price, Economic of natural resources management, Field and finance, Financial analysis,
Economic and financial models, Analysis of water resources projects in real- world settings, Benefit
cost analysis, Risk considerations, Project optimality, Mathematical models for multipurpose and multi-
objective projects, Technological economics, Capital budgeting and cost allocation.




                                                   49
   SWLE 607                             GIS and Remote Sensing                               3 (2-0-1)
Principles and concepts, Introduction to the physics of remote sensing, Spectral characteristics of land,
Mission planning, Sensors for Environmental monitoring, Visible wave lengths, Camera, Vidicon,
Multi spectral scanner, Infrared, Radiometer, Thermal scanner, Microwave bands, Imaging radar,
Scatterometer, Sensor platforms for data collection, Ground observations, Radiometric and
conventional data, Airborne system, Side looking radar, MSS satellite systems, Landsat, HCM,
Meteosat SPOT, Data analysis and inter- presentation, Remote sensing data products, Multispectral and
diachronic approaches, Image analysis, Pattern recognition and classification techniques, Interpretation
outputs, Remote sensing for land surveys, Land scape inventories, Soil and land use mapping, Crop and
vegetation studies, Remote sensing for water resources, Remote monitoring of hydrological
parameters, Rainfall and evaporation estimates, Soil moisture, Remote sensing of ground water, river
and lake systems, Contamination studies.

   SWLE 503             Hydraulics & Design of Irrigation Systems                3 (3-0-0)

Hydraulics of border, check basin and furrow irrigation methods, Hydraulics of main, submain and
laterals for sprinkler and drip irrigation systems, design, operation and maintenance of surface,
sprinkler and drying irrigation systems.

  AET 500         Training – II                                                   1 (0-0-1)
  AET 580         Seminar – I                                                      1 (0-0-1)
  AET 699 a       Project (Project Formulation)                                    2(0-0-2)

                                     SEMESTER - VIII
  SWLE 605                          Water Laws & Policies                           3 (3-0-0)

Canal acts, land laws, Ground water legal issues, Disposal and pollution control laws, Surface and
subsurface water laws legal procedures, water disputes, Water boards and authorities.

  SWLE 606                             Minor Irrigation                             3 (2-0-1)
Definitions, scope and progress of minor irrigation works in UP.,; Geologic formation for ground water
supply; Methods for ground water exploration, Litho logical investigations and aquifer studies, Design
and construction of water storage reservoirs; Equilibrium and non-equilibrium flow to wells, Open and
tube wells, Development of wells.

  SWLE 610             Landscape Irrigation Design and Management                   3 (3-0-0)
Irrigation equipments & materials. Types of sprinklers, microproducts, quick coupler equipments.
System operation, system freeze protection, Piping. Hydraulics, pressure. Piping system design.
Fluctuation in city water pressure. Determining capacity of existing piping system. Water hammer,
cross connection control, pumps. Pump operation with irrigation controller, Hydropneumatic pressure
system. Booster pumps. Design of landscape irrigation equipments. Head layout, microirrigation. Golf
course system. Valve wiring, controller wiring, grounding controller system, pump circuit, Lighting
suppression & fountains.


  AET 680                                Seminar – II                               1 (0-0-1)

 AET 699 b                     Project Execution and Report                        7 (0-0-7)


                                                   50
                               Course Structure
             B. Tech. Food Tech. (Process and Food Engineering)
                              Applicable from 2009 Batch
   SEMESTER – I
     S. No    Course Code                      Course Title                  L-T-P   Credits
       1.      BIOL - 201   Elementary Biology (PCM Group)                   3-0-0     3
       2.      MAS - 312    Elementary Mathematics (Ag. & Bio group)         3-0-0     3
       3.      PHY - 312    Engineering Physics                              3-1-1     5
       4.       ME - 301    Engineering Graphics -I                          0-0-2     2
       5.       ME - 304    Workshop Practice                                2-0-2     4
       6.     MBMT - 349    Introductory Microbiology                        2-0-1     3
       7.      ECON -331    Principles of Economics                          2-0-0     2
       8.      APFE - 301   Fundamentals of Food Technology                  2-0-1     3
       9.      GPT - 301    Moral & Value Education                          2-0-0     2

   SEMESTER - II
     S. No    Course Code                       Course Title                 L-T-P   Credits
       1.      APFE - 303   Principles of Food Engineering                   2-0-1     3
       2.       ME - 401    Engineering Graphics -II                         0-0-2     2
       3.     CHEM - 563    Food Chemistry                                   3-0-2     5
       4.      MAS - 411    Engineering Mathematics -I                       3-1-0     4
       5.     COMP - 410    Computer and Languages                           2-0-2     4
       6.      EEE - 301    Basic Electrical Engineering                     2-1-1     4
      7.        LNG - 305   Professional Communication & Technical Writing   3-0-0      3
      8.      APFE - 302    Principles of Food Processing & Preservation     2-0-1      3
   SEMESTER - III
     S. No    Course Code                       Course Title                 L-T-P   Credits
       1.      MAS - 490    Engineering Mathematics -II                      3-1-0     4
       2.     MBGE - 455    Food Biotechnology                               3-0-0     3
       3.       CE - 401    Engineering Mechanics                            3-0-0     3
       4.       ME - 503    Heat & Mass Transfer                             3-0-1     4
       5.      ECE - 301    Basic Electronics                                2-1-1     4
       6.      MAS - 511    Statistical Methods                              2-0-1     3
       7.      APFE - 401   Engineering Properties of Biological Materials   2-0-1     3
       8.      APFE -410    Principles of Food Quality & Safety              3-0-0     3
SEMESTER - IV
     S. No    Course Code                       Course Title                 L-T-P   Credits
       1        ME - 502    Refrigeration & Air Conditioning                 2-0-1     3
       2        ME - 408    Engineering Thermodynamics                       2-0-1     3
       3.       CE - 406    Fluid Mechanics                                  3-0-1     4
       4.      EEE - 402    Electrical Machines                              3-0-1     4
       5.       SES - 415   Environmental Studies – I                        1-0-1     2
       6.      APFE - 501   Food Handling & Storage Engineering              2-0-1     3
       7.      APFE - 513   Quantitative Techniques in Food Processing       3-1-0     4
                            Principles of Thermal and Non-thermal Food
      8.      APFE - 411                                                     2-0-1     3
                            Processing

                                                   51
SEMESTER - V
    S. No    Course Code                       Course Title              L-T-P   Credits
      1.      ECE - 512      Instrumentation & Control Engineering       2-0-1     3
      2.       ME - 511      Boiler Technology                           2-0-0     2
      3.     MBMT - 504      Principles of Food and Dairy Microbiology   2-0-1     3
      4.      SES - 416      Environmental Studies – II                  1-0-1     2
      5.      APFE - 404     Cereal, Pulses & Oil seeds Technology       3-0-1     4
      6.      APFE - 408     Technology of Dairy Products                2-0-0     2
      7       APFE - 409     Processing of Marine Products               2-0-0     2
      8.      APFE - 611     Food Packaging Technology                   2-0-1     3
      9.      AET - 400      Training - I                                0-0-1     1
SEMESTER - VI
     S. No   Course Code                         Course Title            L-T-P   Credits
       1.     ABM - 402      Agri- Business Management                   3-0-0     3
       2.     APFE - 403     Beverages Technology                        3-0-1     4
       3.     APFE - 503     Technology of Meat & Poultry Products       3-0-0     3
       4.     APFE - 504     Unit Operations in Food Engineering         3-0-1     4
       5.     APFE - 506     Fruits & Vegetable Processing               2-0-1     3
       6.     APFE - 514     Energy Management in Food Industries        2-0-0     2
       7.     APFE - 515     Food Additives                              2-0-0     2
       8.     APFE - 605     Baking & Confectionery Technology           2-0-1     3

   SEMESTER - VII
    S. No Course Code                          Course Title              L-T-P   Credits
       1.      APFE - 505    Drying & Dehydration of Food                3-0-0      3
       2.      APFE - 507    Quality Control in Food Industry            2-0-1      3
       3.      APFE - 509    Fermented Food Products                     2-0-1      3
       4.      APFE - 510    Dairy Engineering                           2-0-1      3
       5.      APFE - 602    Food Process Equipment Design               2-1-0      3
       6.      APFE - 604    Extrusion Technology                        2-0-1      3
       7.      APFE - 612    Marketing of Food Products                  2-0-0      2
       8.      APFE - 616    Processing of Spice and Plantation Crops    2-0-1      3
       9.      AET – 699 a   Project (Project Formulation)               0-0-2      2
      10.       AET - 500    Training - II                               0-0-1      1
      11.       AET - 580    Seminar I                                   0-0-1      1
   SEMESTER - VIII
     S. No   Course Code                         Course Title            L-T-P   Credits
       1.     APFE - 508     Food Plant Sanitation & Waste Management.   2-0-1     3
       2.     APFE - 601     Food Plant Design & Maintenance             2-1-0     3
       3.     APFE - 603     Food Plant Operations Management            3-0-0     3
       4.     APFE - 613     Functional & Minimally Processed Foods      2-0-0     2
       5.     APFE - 614     Food Laws & Legislation                     2-0-0     2
       6.     APFE - 615     Entrepreneurship in Food Industries         2-0-0     2
       7.     AET - 680      Seminar - II                                0-0-1     1
       8.    AET – 699 b     Project (Project Execution and Report)      0-0-7     7




                                                    52
                        Detailed Course Syllabus
                 B.Tech Food Tech (Process & Food Engg.)
                                         SEMESTER – I

BIOL 201                     Elementary Biology                                   3(3 -0 –0)

Life; Living and non living; Origin of Life; Oparin’s abiotic theory; Evolution; Unicellular
Multicellularity Complex Tissue system, Branches of Biology; Cell; Introduction Botany; History of
Botany; Brief introduction of branches of Botany; Morphology; Anatomy; Taxonomy; Physiology;
Palaeo Botany; Introduction Zoology: Classification of Animal kingdom; Adaptation of animals;
External Morphology of Frog; Internal Anatomy of Frog, Internal organs; Different internal systems;
Introduction to Lower Botany; Algae, Fungi, Bacteria, Virus; Bryophyte; Pteridophyte;
Scope/Application of Biology.
MAS 312               Elementary Mathematics                              3(3 -0 –0)

Algebra; Theory of quadratic equations, Binomial theorem (for positive integral index only). Uses of
Natural and Common Logarithms, Exponential series, Partial Fractions, Determinants (of order three
only), Theory of Matrices (Addition, Subtraction), Product of Matrices, Transpose, Elementary idea of
following: adjoint, Inverse of matrices by adjoint method, Solution of linear equations, Solution of
inequalities, Permutation and combination; Trigonometry; Trigonometry functions, addition and
subtraction formula, Double and half angle formula, Laws of sines and cosines, Solution of triangles,
Height and distances, Real and complex numbers, Hyperbolic trigonometric functions, De -Moviers
theorem; Coordinate Geometry; Distance between two points, Area of triangles, Straight lines (Parallel
and at right angles); Calculus; Elementary Differentiation and Integration.
PHY 312               Engineering Physics                             5 (3–1–1)

Surface tension; Angle of contact, Excess of pressure inside a spherical surface, Capilliary rise,
Determination of surface tension by Jaeger’s methods; Viscosity; Stream line and turbulent motion,
Coefficient of viscosity, Critical velocity, Poieseulle’s equation for flow of liquid through a tube,
Viscometer; Optics; Interference, Thin films, Testing of Optical plainness of surfaces. Young’s double
slit experiment – Coherent sources, Intensity in Young’s experiments, Interference in thin films,
Newton’s ring and Michelson interferometer; Diffraction Fraunhofer diffraction at single slit,
Diffraction at a circular aperture, Diffraction at double slit, Diffraction Gratings, Resolving and
dispersive power of a grating; Polarization; Production and detection of circularly & elliptically
polarized light. Quarter and half wave plates, Optical activity, Specific rotation, Lurent’s half shade
polarimeter, Determination of specific rotation and strength of sugar solution; Ultra Sonics;
Production, application in ranging, Cleaning and drilling;
Practical: Production and measurements of vacuum. Mechanical pumps (Rotary vacuum pump)
Diffusion and condensation pumps, Gettesr measurement : Manometer, Mecleod gauge, Piram gauge;
Measurement of temperature; Thermo e.m.f., Measurement of thermo e.m.f. by potentiometer, Higher
temperature measurement by using pyrometers and resistance thermometer.




                                                  53
ME 301         Engineering Graphics I                              2(0-0-2)

Construction and use of scales; Lettering; Construction of plane geometrical figures; parabola,
hyperbola, and ellipse, special plane curves, epicycloid, hypocycloid, involutes and spirals, helix and
simple loci. Construction of isometric scales; isometric projection of simple objects; Orthographic
projection of points, lines their traces and inclination; Projection of solids like prism, cylinder, cone,
pyramid and development of surface; Introduction to CAD.
ME 304                Workshop Practice                                       4(2-0-2)

General; Workshop terminology, ferrous and non ferrous metals, steel and alloy steels, light alloys and
non ferrous heavy metals, heat treatment, case hardening, corrosions, Plastics, glue, grease, paint,
varnish and lacquers; Carpentry; Timber classification, defects in timber, description and use of tools in
carpentry; Smithy; Nature of work in smith’s furnace tools and their uses, safety and precautions in
smithy, jigs and fixtures, hot and cold working of metals, forging drawing and spinning etc; Fitting;
Description and use of files, chisels, hacksaw, vices, hammers and other measuring marking tools,
precision measuring tools, dial gauges and inspection gauges; Machine Shop; Classification and
description of lathe machine, milling, drilling and grinding machine, special purpose machines- Turret
and Capstan –Lathes, gear cutting machines; Welding shop; Types of welding oxyacetylene gas
welding, electric arc welding, argon arc welding, MIG and TIG welding, resistance welding, brazing
and soldering, use of fluxes; Sheet metal shop; Description and uses of tools used in sheet metal shops,
different joints, riveting; Sawing and simple joints, planning; Chipping marking and filing; Knurling,
centering, drilling and threading, etc.; Forging operation; Welding joint preparation; Metal arc welding
and gas welding practice; Rivetting operation for lap joint; Carpentry shop; Seasoning and preservation
of timber, Glues, Paints, Varnishes and Polish; Foundry; Nature of work done in Foundry shop,
Preparation of sands like – Green, dry sand, Molasses sand, hand tools and equipment used in a foundry
shop, moulding, casting, patterns types, Materials and allowances, moulding sands and moulding
methods, casting practices, casting defects; Fitting; Description and uses of marking tools, surface
plate, drills, dye, reamers, punches, taps, gauges and other measuring tools; Welding shop; Submerged
arc welding, plasma welding, TIG and MIG welding, tools and equipment welding, faults. Precaution
used while welding; Machine shop; Introduction of Computer in machine shop, necessity of numerical
controlled machines, parts of NC machines, features of NC machines, advantage of NC machine over
conventional milling machines, NC programming, Computer numerical control machines, its advantage
over NC machines, difference between CNC & DNC machine and its features, APT language,
advantage of CAD / CAM (Computer aided design and manufacturing) in agricultural engineering and
its applications; Simple exercises in moulding; Exercise based on drilling, fitting & tapping operation;
Writing NC Programme and feeding on production NC Lathe console for milling operation; Exercise
based on different types of joint in carpentry; Exercise based on taper turning, threading and milling;
Exercise based on arc welding.
Practical: Sawing and simple joints, planing; Chipping marking and filing; Knurling, centering,
drilling and threading, etc.; Forging operation; Welding joint preparation; Metal arc welding and gas
welding practice; Riveting operation for lap joint.
MBMT 349              Introductory Microbiology                               3(2-0-1)

Systematic study of major groups of micro-organism of importance in food industry; Principles and
methods of food preservation; Food spoilage and its causes. Food in relation to diseases; Sources and
types of micro-organisms of milk; Starter culture; Roll of micro-organism in the manufacture of milk
and milk products. Microbial spoilage and dairy products and their control; Isolation and identification
of micro-organisms involved in food spoilage; Enumeration and diagnosis of food poisoning
organisms; Isolation of micro-organisms from milk and milk products and their identification;
                                                  54
Microbiological grading of milk and milk products.
Practicals: Familiarity with equipment to be used in Microbiology Laboratory, Cleaning, washing and
sterilization of glass wares, Observation of permanent slides to study the structural characteristics of
common bacteria, fungi, algae & protozoa, Staining techniques, Preparation and sterilization of
different media types.

ECON 331                Principle of Economics                                    2(2-0-0)
Basic terms and concepts of Economics, Meaning and nature of Micro and Macro Economics, nature and scope
of Agricultural Economics, its role and importance, characteristics of factors of production, measures to improve
land productivity, Government policies Labour – division of labour, problems of unemployment under
employment and disguised unemployment, capital formation in agriculture, forms of business organizations,
Demand - law of demand – types of supply, law of supply – factors influencing supply, elasticity of supply. Price
determination under different market situations. –Government policy Characteristic features of developed and
under developed economics. International
trade in Agriculture – exim policy – role of W.T.O., International Trade in Agriculture. Financial institutions and
their role; RBI, IDBI, IMF, NABARD, SIDBI

APFE 301                Fundamentals of Food Technology                    3(2-0-1)
Scope of food processing in India; Introduction to food processing, food preservation, food packaging,
food drying and dehydration, fruit and vegetable processing, processing of meat and meat products,
processing of milk and milk products, processing of marine products. Important food industries in
India; role of food technology in national economy.
Practical: Estimation of moisture content of food materials; Study of Food processing equipments;
Study of different packaging materials; Determination of drying characteristics of fruits, vegetables,
meat and marine products.
GPT 301                 Moral & Value Education                                   2(2-0-0)

My country and my people, the many Indians, being and becoming an Indian, Nationalism and
Internationalism; Some life issues – Love, Sex and marriage, Men and Money - value of time, meaning
of work, human communication, human suffering, addiction, ecology, women’s issues; Understanding
one’s neighbor, neighbor-hood groups: their structure and functions, patterns of social interaction of
group dynamics; Preparation for career, choice of vocation, motivation for study and research, The
present education system: curriculum and syllabus, teaching method, examination and work experience.
Definition of value education, Moral and Ethics, Laws and Moral based on Ten Commandments and
two great commandments; Discovery of self, Self-awareness, Growth of intellect- Man’s spiritual
nature, emotions, will. Respect the rights of life, liberty, property, and truth reputation.
Sin, Origin of sin, manifestation of sin, the results of sin, the remedy of sin, sin as an act, sin as a state,
sin as a nature; Conscience – as defined in Oxford dictionary and Winston Dictionary, types of
consciousness (such as evil, convicted, purged, pure, weak, good, void of offence).
                                            SEMESTER II
APFE 303                Principles of Food Engineering                            3(2- 0– 1)
Units and dimensions, mass and energy balance, flow of fluids, heat transfer, modes of heat transfer,
heat exchanger, kinetics of chemical reaction in foods, evaporation, dehydration, drying, refrigeration,
physical separation process and extraction.
Practicals: Application of psychometric chart in food engineering, measurements of pressure and fluid
flow, study of heat exchangers, dryers, pulper , juicer, bottle washer, vacuum packaging, milling
machines and equipments.


                                                        55
ME 401                 Engineering Graphics-II                               2(0-0-2)

Forms of screw threads-BSW square metric, representations of threads, bolts, headed counter sunk
stud, screws and set screws, nuts hexagonal square, keys types taper sunk taper hallow saddle round gib
head feather and woodruff keys, spline shaft. Rivet heads and Rivetted joints; Cotter joint, knuckle
joint, foot step bearing, stuffing block, plumber screw jack.
CHEM 563                       Food Chemistry                                5(3-0-2)

Physico-chemical properties of foods. Physical properties- solutions, osmotic pressure, acids, bases,
pH, buffers, boiling point, freezing point, colloids, viscosity, surface tension emulsions. Water-
moisture content of food, bound water. Carbohydrates - structure, cooking properties & functions of
starches dextrin’s, cellulose, fibers, hemicellulose, pectins, gums in different foods, function of sugar in
food browning. Lipids- classification,, physical characteristics, structure and functions & effect on
cooking properties of lipids in foods, rancidity, hydration. Proteins- types of food proteins, physical
characteristics, structures, functions and effects on cooking properties of various animal & plant
proteins, denaturation properties, proteins gels, pigments and color. Role and effects of cooking on
chlorophyll’s, myco-globin, hemoglobin, authocyamins, flavoroids, tannins, carotenoids, quinones,
xyanthones, pectins and their contribution to acceptability of food. Use of synthetic colours in food.
Flavour- sensation of taste, smell, visual appearance, flavour texture of food. Flavour compounds-
terpeniods, flavoroids, sulphur compounds & others volatile flavour compounds and their role in
sensory evaluations. Enzymes- enzymes in food processing, enzymic browning.
Practicals: Proximate analysis of foods, physico-chemical properties of foods, measurement of T.S.S.,
conductivity, pH, acidity etc. Estimation of vitamins and anti nutritional factor.
MAS 411                Engineering Mathematics – I                           4(3-1-0)

Differential Calculus: Asymptotes- curves and curvature partial differentiation-Euler’s theorem, total
differential coefficient. Taylor’s theorem for two variables, maxima and minima Lagrange’s multiplier.
Integral Calculus: Application of integral calculus area enclosed by curves length of arc. Volume and
surface of revolution, Evolution of double and triple integrals, Gamma and Beta functions- Dirichlets’s
integral. Simple tests of convergence of integrals; Infinite Series: Convergence and divergence of
series, tests of convergence, Alternating series, absolutely and conditionally convergent series , uniform
convergence.
COMP 410                        Computer and Languages                       4 (2-0-2)
Details of computer organization and peripherals, types of computers, hardware –software, working in
DOS and Window environment, networking, algorithms and flow charts, programme development,
arithmetic expressions, programme compilation, debugging and testing. Concept of structured
programming, subroutines and functions. Computer viruses, solution of engineering problems using
BASIC / FORTRAN. Future trends and in computer laws and piracy. Study of computer components,
computer practice of DOS commands, study of BASIC using READ, DATA, PRINT statements etc.,
numerical integration and differentiation using BASIC language, BASIC programme for ‘t’ test,
BASIC programme for random number generation in different ranges, FORTRAN programme- READ,
WRITE AND PRINT Statement, free Format and Formatted INPUT AND OUTPUT Statements,
solution of Quadratic equation using FORTRAN language, use of subroutines in the main programmes,
use of function sub programmes in the main programmes, Runge - Kutta method, Trapezoidal –
Simpson’s rule.
Practicals: Study of computer components, computer practice of DOS commands, study of BASIC using
READ, DATA, PRINT statements etc., numerical integration and differentiation using BASIC language, BASIC
programme for ‘t’ test, BASIC programme for random number generation in different ranges, FORTRAN
programme- READ, WRITE AND PRINT Statement, free Format and Formatted INPUT AND OUTPUT
Statements, solution of Quadratic equation using FORTRAN language, use of subroutines in the main
                                                    56
programmes, use of function sub programmes in the main programmes, Runge- Kutta method, Trapezoidal –
Simpson’s rule.
EEE 301                        Basic Electrical Engineering                  4(2-1-1)

Kirchhoff’s laws, delta star and star delta transformation, Thevenin’s and super position theorem, A.C
fundamentals, average and effective values in signals, transient and steady state response of circuit,
active and reactive power, resonance in circuits, filters, analysis of three phase circuits, characteristics
of magnetic and dielectric materials, magnetic circuit, hystersis and eddy current losses, two port
network parameters, force acting on current carrying conductor in magnetic field, magnetic force due to
electric current, statically and dynamically induced EMF, stored energy, force between parallel
conductors, single phase transformer, construction principle EMF equation, transformer efficiency.
Practical: Verification of Kirchhoff’s laws, measurement of current voltage, frequency and power,
determination of impedance and its components, three phase power measurements, electromagnetic
relays and solenoids, calibration of energy meter and watt meter, no loads and open circuit test of a
transformer, efficiency of the transformer, circuits phasor diagrams of single phase circuits, relation
between line and phase voltage and currents.
LNG 305        Professional Communication & Technical Writing                3(2-0-1)

Reading Comprehension- Factual- formulating translating global comprehension – language- in –use in
terms of synonyms, collection in context, introduction to different types of writing – descriptive –
narrative and exposition letter-writing-formal and informal –speech acts-norms of preparing
introductory address, presidential address, vote of thanks; Integrated grammar by means of class
exercise, common errors in English writing –use of cohesive devices – dialogue practice –orientation to
different types of letters-performing different speech acts according to contexts –exercise based on
examination like TOEFL, GRE and GATE.
APFE 302               Principles of Food Processing & Preservation          3(2-0-1)

Introduction and historical developments in food processing and preservation; General Principles in
food processing ; Methods of food processing ; Principles of food preservation ; Preservation by high
temperature; Preservation by low temperature; Sun drying , Dehydration, freeze drying ,
dehydrofreezing,; Preservation by chemicals; Preservation by fermentation and irradiation; Canning ,
can manufacture.
Practical: Estimation of water activity, Study of processing and preservation equipments, freezing and
dehydration of fruits, vegetables and meat. Preservation of syrups, squashes, juices, jams , jellies and
pickles

                                        SEMESTER III
MAS 490                        Engineering Mathematics – II                  4(3-1-0)

Vector Calculus: Differentiation of vector’s –directional derivatives, line surface and volume integrals
statement of Gauss, Green’s and Stoke’s theorem and their application; Differential Equations:
Differential equation of first order degree- linear differential equations with constant coefficients –
Homogeneous equations with variable coefficients, application practical problems, Bessel’s and
Legenderes differential eqns., Partial differential equations; Matrices: Basic properties transpose,
adjoint inverse and rank of a matrix. Solution of equation. Elementary transformation –characteristics
equation, Cayley- Hamilton theorem.



                                                    57
MBGE 455                       Food Biotechnology                      3(3-0-0)
Prospectus of Bio-Technology. Molecular genetics i.e. fundamentals of molecular biology with special reference
to chemistry and biology and DNA. (Primary secondary and tertiary) structures. Biological role of DNA in cell
metabolism. Genetic recombination mechanisms and technique used for improvement in microbial strains.
Applications of genetical control mechanism in industrial fermentation process, (Induction, manipulation and
recombination). Recombinant-DNA technology (plasmids and cloning): Cell and tissue culture. Continuous
cultures. Secondary metabolites synthesis. Expression of foreign genes. Promoter (Enzyme). Biomass production
by using various micro organisms. Application of Biotechnology in food (Food industries), pharmaceuticals and
agriculture. Bio-gas plant
CE 401                         Engineering Mechanics                   3(3-0-0)

Introduction to mechanics and SI units, review of vector algebra and important vectors equivalent force
systems, equivalent forces at a point, simplest resultant in two and three dimensions, equation of
equilibrium, free body diagram, reaction, number of unknown, indeterminacy and solvability, two
dimensional frames and trusses, method of members, methods of joints and methods of sections,
principle of virtual work, friction forces, sliding and rolling friction, belt ropes and chain drives and
powers screws, properties of surfaces, centeroids, mass centers, theorem of Pappus and Guldinus,
second movement of product of inertia of plain area, parallel axis theorem and pollar moment of inertia,
particle kinematics: velocity, acceleration, curvilinear coordinate system and relative motion, particle
dynamics, equation of motions, sytems of particle, D’ Alembert’s Principle and central force.
ME 503                 Heat & Mass Transfer                            4(3-0-1)

Introductory concepts on conduction, convection and radiation; Conduction: Fourier’s Law, thermal
conductivity dependence on temperature and pressure in fluids, heat conduction through composite
walls, optimum thickness of insulation, general conduction equation under unsteady-state. Transient
numerical method for unsteady state conduction in simple geometrical shape e.g. slab, cylinder and
sphere; Convection: free and forced convection, Newton’s Law of cooling, film coefficient, correlation
of Nusselt number, Prandtle number and Grashof number in natural convection systems including other
empirical relations. Combined free and forced convection; Radiation: Stefan –Boltzmann law,
emissivity, mechanism of radiation heat transfer in systems including solar radiation, collectors. Heat
transfer analysis involving conduction, convection and radiation by network; Heat exchange: Overall
heat transfer coefficient, fouling factors, log mean temperature difference heat exchange mechanism in
various types of heat exchangers, eg. Tubular, extended surface and plate heat exchangers,
effectiveness – NTU relationship; Steady state molecular diffusion in fluids at rest and in laminar flow
– Fick’s Law, mass transfer coefficients. Mass heat momentum transfer analogies, unsteady-state
diffusion, diffusion in solids inter phase mass transfer; Determination of thermal conductivity of a
powder and insulating material under steady state using two slab guarded hot plate method.
Practical: Determination of thermal conductivity of a powder and insulating material under steady-
state using two slab guarded hot plate method, Determination of thermal conductivity and thermal
diffusivity of a food, Determination of specific heat using differeiential scanning calorimeter (DSC),
Measurement of heat transfer coefficient of air under free and forced convection using heat and mass
transfer analogy , Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient in an agitated vessel, Determination
of overall heat transfer coefficient of a boiling liquid, Determination of effect of packing on heat
transfer in packed beds, Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient in parallel-flow and counter-
flow heat exchangers, Measurement of emissivity of a surface, Study of plate heat exchanger, Study of
heat transfer from pin/tin, Study on boiling heat transfer and measurement of critical heat flux , Study
of heat transfer in a fluidized bed, Determination of masses diffusivity by Winkelmann method,
Generation of equilibrium data for mass transfer operations.


                                                     58
ECE 301                          Basic Electronics                                4(2-1-1)

Introduction to signals, spectra, transducers, electronics and systems, p-n junction diodes, rectifiers –
half-wave, full wave, capacitive filters, Zener diodes, power supply and voltage regulation; p-n-p and n-
p-n transistors, transistor characteristics, transistor as an amplifier – CE, CB, CC; biasing and bias-
stability, small-signal, equivalent Circuits, H-Parameter Model, Signal Handling Capacity, Frequency
Response Of Amplifiers; Concepts Of Feedback Amplifiers, negative feedback, gain-bandwidth
product, regenerative feedback and conditions for oscillation, oscillators; OP-AMPs and application of
OP-AMPs; Field effect devices – JEFT, MOSFET and their characteristics; SCRs, power amplifiers;
Logic Gates; Flip – Flops amd ICS.
Practical: Familiarity with electronic components and use of multimeters, Use of millivoltmeters, signal
generators and oscilloscopes; Pulse and frequency response of R-C and C-R circuits; Half wave and full
wave rectifiers, Rectification with capacitor filters and Zener diodes; Transistors, CE amplifier, biasing
condition, gain and signal handling capacity; Measurement of frequency response and bandwidth of a
CF amplifier; Characteristics of unity gain amplifier and summing circuits; Characteristics of OP-Amp
integrators and differentiator; Characteristics of digital logic gates; Studies Flip-Flops, shift registers and
counters. Characteristics of OP-Amps, inverting & non inverting amplifiers.
MAS 511                          Statistical Methods                              3(2-0-1)

Statistic, population parameter, frequency distribution, frequency polygon, histogram, bar chart
arithmetic, weighted, geometric and harmonic mean, mode, median for grouped and ungrouped data,
standard discretion, mean deviation and coefficient of variation, simple and multiple correlation
coefficient, regression line, fitting equations to data by least square method, curve linear regression
line, fitting equation to data by least square method, curve linear regression. Test of significance ; t,F
and X2 tests. Distribution: Normal, Binomial and Poisson distribution, confidence internal. Analysis of
variance; definition, assumption, one way and two way classification with one per cell, probability
theory.
Practical: Computation of Arethematic, weighted, geometric, harmonic means, mean distribution, standard
deviation, coefficient of variation, fitting of data, Problems on Normal, Binomial and Poisson distributions. Tests
of significance. Problems on analysis of variance.
APFE 401        Engineering Properties of Biological Materials                    3(2-0-1)

Introduction: Physical, Mechanical, Thermal, Electrical and Optical properties of bio-food materials,
Effect of temperature on water activity, controlling food water content; Physical characteristics, shape,
size, volume, density, porosity and surface area of the food materials; Basic concept of rheology,
Rheological equations and models, viscoelastic characterization of food materials, Rheological
properties of food materials; Force-deformatics, stress- strain, elastic – plastic, Bulk stress – strain,
viscoelastic behaviour; Rheology and texture of food materials, Mechanical damage of food materials,
causes, Biological and chemical reaction, Damage of food materials under static, impact and vibration;
Aero-hydrodynamic characteristics and its application to agricultural products, Basic concepts of
friction in food materials, solid friction, rolling resistance, internal friction, Power losses due to friction,
Thermal, Electrical and Optical properties of food materials.
Practical: Determination of shape, size, roundness spherocity, Volume and density, Porosity and
specific gravity of surface area, Hardness of food materials, Determination of textural properties of
food materials, Visco-elastic properties; Determination of thermal properties, specific heat, Thermal
conductivity, Thermal diffusivity and heat transfer coefficient of food materials; Determination of
friction and internal friction; Determination of electrical properties and seed separation.




                                                        59
APFE 410                         Principles of Food Quality & Safety               3(3-0-0)

Objective, function and importance of quality control, methods of quality assessment of food material;
Theoretical and Practical consideration of quality assurance; Grades and Standards, Description of
different quality control system (Codex, TQM, USFDA, BIS, HACCP, ISO 9000 series); Cleaning and
sanitation, Local and International approaches for safe foods; Statistical quality control techniques;
Permitted food additives; Food adulteration and food safety.

                                           SEMESTER IV
ME 502               Refrigeration &Air Conditioning                       3(2 - 0 – 1)

Thermodynamic cycles, mechanical vapour compression refrigeration, properties of refrigerants, thermodynamic
cycle, calculations of single stage saturation and actual cycles, two stage cycles and cascade refrigeration system,
heat pump; Compressors, expansion valves, evaporators and condensers, absorption system of refrigeration, ice
manufacture, air conditioning, principles of psychrometry, psychrometic processes, air conditioning, comfort
chart and effective temperature and respiration heat, cooling, load calculations and design of cold storage’s,
conveying and distribution of processed air, air conditioning controls.
Practical: Study of various types of compressors, Study of household refrigerator and window air conditioner,
Determination of volumetric efficiency of a reciprocating compressor, Determination of coefficient of
performance of a vapor compression refrigeration system and absorption system, Determination of bypass factor,
apparatus dew point and COP of an air-conditioning system, Determination of range approach and efficiency of a
cooling tower, Determination of efficiency of an evaporative cooling washer, Determination of freezing time of
food products, Determination of heat transfer coefficient inside a cold storage or refrigerator, Determination of
thermal conductivity of various insulating materials.

ME 408                           Engineering Thermodynamics                        3(2-0-1)

System and properties, concepts of energy, temperature and heat, first law of closed and open systems,
pure substance and properties second law of thermodynamics and entropy, boiler, mountings and
accessories, boiler efficiency, steam engines, Rankine cycle, indicator diagrams, steam turbines, I.C.
Engines, air standard ratio, otto, diesel and joule cycles.
Practical: Study of Fire Tube boiler, Study of Water Tube boiler, Study and Working of Refrigerator;
Study of velocity compounded steam turbine, Study of pressure compounded steam turbine, Study of
impulse & Reaction turbine, Study of steam engine model, Study and working of two stroke petrol
engine, Study and working of four stroke petrol engine, Determination of indicated H.P. of I.C. Engine
by Morse Test, Study and Working of two stroke Diesel Engine, Study and working of four stroke
Diesel engine, Study of Ignition system of I.C. Engine, Study of Braking system of any vehicle.
CE 406                           Fluid Mechanics                           4(3-0-1)

Definition and properties of fluids. Units of measurement, fluid statics: pressure at a point and its
measurement, fluid static force on submerged surface, byoyancy, condition of floating and stability of
submerged and floating bodies.
Kinematics of fluids: Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid motion, stream lines, path lines,
streak lines, types of fluid flow: translation, rotation, circulation and vorticity; stream function, velocity
potential and flow net; discharge; system, control volume and cross section; stress-strain rate
relationship, linear and angular momentum theorems and application; some exact solutions of Navier-
Strokes equation.
Dynamics of third: Transport theorem, conservation laws, equation of continuity, Euler’s equation of
motion, Bernoulli’s equation, viscous flow.

                                                        60
Dimensional Analysis & Similitude: Ralegile’s method & Buckingham’s Pi theorem, types of
simulates, dimensional analysis, dimensionless numbers.
Internal flow: Laminar & turbulent flow in pipes, general equation for head loss-Daicy-Weisbach and
Fanning’s equations, Moody’s diagram, energy losses through pipe fittings, flow through network of
pipes.
Non-Newtonian fluid flow:- Power law representation of shear stress-shean rate relationship,
measurement of flow behaviour index and consistency co-efficient, generalized viscosity co-efficient.
Concept of boundary layer, hydrodynamic forces on immersed bodies: drag & lift; flow through
orifices, mouthpieces and over weirs & notches; flow in open channels.
Practical: Study of pressure measuring devices, Relationship between depth of liquid and pressure
exerted by it, Determination of metacentric height of floating vessels, Determination of pressure drop
flow rate relationship for flow of air through packed bed and fluidization velocity, Determination of
flow pattern, port arrangement and pressure drop in a plat heat exchanger, Verification of Bernoulli’s
theorem, Demonstration of laminar and turbulent flows, Determination of head loss through pipes and
pipe fittings. Determination of coefficient of discharge for a venturimeter, Determination of orifice
meter coefficient, Calibration of a notch , Measurement of non-Newtonian parameters of liquid foods,
Determination of forces on submerged bodies, Flow visualization using s moke in a transparent tube to
demonstrate path line, streak line, laminar and turbulent flows, Experiments using water table to
demonstrate various flow phenomena, Measurement of viscosity surface tension of liquids,
Demonstration of momentum theorem using impulse and reaction turbines ,Estimation and
measurement of flow rate through single screw extruder.
EEE 402                       Electrical Machines                           4(3-0-1)

D.C Machines: Constructional features and principles of operation of shunt, series and compound
generators and motors including EMF equation and armature reaction; Performance characteristics of
generators and motors, starting, speed control and braking of motors, 2- quadrant and 4 – quadrant
operation of motors; Choice of D.C. motors for different applications; Losses of efficiency.
Transformers: Construction, E.M.F equation, principle of operation, phasor diagram on no-load, effect
of load, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, losses and efficiency, test on transformer, prediction of
efficiency and regulation, auto- transformers, instrument transformers, three-phase transformer.
Induction Motors: Rotating magnetic fields, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque slip
characteristics, starters for cage and wound rotor type induction motors, speed control and braking,
single -phase induction and methods of starting.
Synchronous Machines: Construction, e.m.f. equation, effect of pitch and distribution, armature
reaction and determination of regulation of synchronous generators, principle of motor operation,
effect of excitation on line currents (V- curves), method of synchronization; typical application of A. C.
motors industry.
Practical: Study of D.C and AC machine constructional features and connections; Study of various
types of starters for D.C. and A.C motors. Saturation characteristics of a D.C machine and load test on
D.C. shunt generator; Determination of performance of characteristics of shunt motor; Speed control of
a D.C. compound motor; Performance characteristics of D.C compound motors; Open circuit (O.C),
short circuit (S.C) and load test on a single –phase transformer; Regulation of alternators by O.C and
S.C. tests; Speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Determination of V-curve of synchronous
motors; performance characteristics of 3-phase induction motors; Performance characteristics of 1-
phase induction motors including capacitors start / run 1-phase motors.




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SES 415                         Environmental Studies – I                       2(1-0-1)

Definition, Scope and Importance. Ecosystem, concept of an ecosystem, structure and function of an
ecosystem, Producer, consumer and decomposes, Energy flow in the ecosystem, Ecological succession,
Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids, Introduction, types, Characteristic features, structures
and function of the following ecosystems: forest ecosystem, grassland ecosystem, desert ecosystem and
aquatic ecosystem; Social Issues and the Environment: from unsustainable to sustainable development,
urban problems related to energy, water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management,
resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problem and concerns, Case studies. Environmental ethics,
Climatic change, wasteland reclamation, consumerism and waste products. Environmental Protection
Act. Air (Prevention and control of pollution) act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental
legislation. Public awareness.
Practical: Visit of different polluted sites to assess their effect on pollution, monitoring of pollutant in
ecosystem. Study of simple ecosystem- ponds, rivers, hill slopes. Study of common plants, insects, (
Herbarium file/ insect box) Visit of local polluted site- urban/rural/agricultural/ industrial. To study the
different purification of industrial effluents and wastes.
APFE 501                Food Handling & Storage Engineering                     3(2-0-1)

Overview of material handling system and devices in food processing plants. Design of screw, bucket,
belt, oscillation & vibrating conveyor. Refrigerated transportation of food materials. Principles and
practices of storage: Physicochemical changes in stored products during storage, air tight, non-air tight,
under ground conventional & modern storage structures for fruits, vegetables, meat and marine
products ; Aerated, refrigerated and controlled atmospheric storage; Layout and Design of storage
structures, economics of storage structures.
Practical: Study of bucket elevator, belt conveyor, screw conveyor and vibrating conveyor,
determination of capacity of cold storages, visit and study of godown and cold storages.
APFE 513                Quantitative Techniques in Food Processing              4(3-1-0)

Definition: Principles components of decision problem; scope in Agricultural and food engineering,
Application of linear and dynamic programming in food processing; Transportation and assignment
models in food processing; Queing theory; Application of PERT-CPM in food processing;
Optimization and simulation techniques in food processing.
APFE 411        Principles of Thermal & Non-thermal Food Processing                     3(2-0-1)

Principles of Thermal and non thermal food processing, Definition and scope of thermal processing;
concept of Retart technology; Thermal processing and food quality analysis and control; Radio
frequency heating, microwave processing, infra red heating, instant and high heat infusion, ohmic
heating, combined high pressure and thermal treatment of food; High hydrostatic pressure food
processing, oscilating magnetic field food processing, Application of light, pulses in the sterilization of
food and packaging material, food irradiation and hurdle technology.
Practical: Estimation of moisture content by infrared moisture meter, study of processing and
sterilization of vegetable and fruits with Retert, Microwave, Infra-red, Ohmic, High pressure and
pulsed electric field techniques.

                                          SEMESTER V
ECE 512                 Instrumentation & Control Engineering                   3(2-0-1)
Measurement system and error analysis, measurement of level, flow, temperature, strain pressure, vacuum, force,
torque, power, displacement, vibration, acceleration, pH, colour viscosity, surface tension and composition.
Indicating recording instruments, digital displays, transmitting and telemetering devices.
                                                      62
Introduction to control system- Feedback and feed forward control strategies, block diagrams, Laplace
and inverse Laplace transforms mathematics models of physical systems, transfer functions steady state
analysis, dynamics of first and second order systems. Mode of control and generation of control action;
P. PI and PID control elements and value positioners, frequency response and root locus analysis.
Stability and quality of overall control.
Electronic, pneumatic and hydraulic control systems and their application in farm machinery, food
processing industry, aquaculture and their applications milk processing plants.
Practical: Calibration of Bourdon pressure gauge; Dynamic calibration of different types of
thermometers, Determination of time constants of thermometers and thermocouples. Calibration of
differential pressure transmitters; Calibration of velometer and hot wire anemometer; Speed
measurement using non-contact type sensors; Determination of discharge coefficient using
morifcemeter and venturimeter; use and calibration of rotameter, pH meter, conductivity meter and
viscometer; Static calibration of flapper nozzle assembly; Calibration of pneumatic P, PI and PID
controllers; Study and calibration of control valves; Cascade control of level and flow/temperature and
flow.
ME 511                           Boiler Technology                                 2(2-0-0)

Fuels; types of fuels and their properties, chemical properties, combustion, stoichiometric air
requirement, burners, storing of fuels, properties of steam, mollier chart and steam tables, classification
of boilers, fire tube and water tube boiler, mounting and accessories, feed water treatment; Draught,
natural and force height of chimney, Plant layout, economy in heat energy, boiler maintenance and
safety, Use of boilers in food industries, boiler codes, Indian Boiler Regulation Act.
MBMT 504                 Principles of Food & Dairy Microbiology                   3(2-0-1)

Introductory concepts. Role of intrinsic and extrinsic parameter that affect microbial growth of foods.
Classification of new organism, Control of microbial population. Food Spoilage. Microbiology of foods
fermentation or respiration; Mechanism of energy production oxidation and substrate level
phosphorylation, Fermenters type, functions design and control, Fermentation - mechanism, conditions
and factors affecting fermentation;
Practical: Isolation and identification of some important food borne microorganisms, Microbiological
grading of milk and milk products on the basis of SPC, DMC, MBR, Coliform test and Rapid platform
tests.
SES 416                  Environmental Studies – II                                2(1-0-1)

Natural Resources: forest resources, water resources, mineral resources, food resources, energy
resources, land resources. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of
resources for sustainable life style.
Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction, definition, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity. Bio
geographical classification of India, Value of diversity, consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical aesthet and
option values. Biodiversity at global, national and local levels. India as mega-diversity nation. Hot-spot of
biodiversity. Threat to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wild life, man-wild life conflicts. Endangered and
endemic species of India. Conservation of biodiversity, In-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Environmental Pollution: definition, Causes effect and control measures of air pollution, water
pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, nuclear hazards. Solid
waste management: causes effect and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. Role of an
individual in prevention of pollution. Pollution case studies. Disaster Management : flood, earthquake,
cyclone and landslides.
Practical: Identification and study of different Natural resources. Determination of chloride in water
sample. Determination of pH in water sample. Determination of Acidity in water sample.
Determination of hardness in water sample. Determination of alkalinity in water sample. Determination
                                                   63
of turbidity in water sample. Identification of different tools for measurement of Environmental
pollution.
APFE 404       Cereals, Pulses & Oil Seeds Technology                      4(3-0-1)

Composition, Structure and Processing characteristic of Cereal grains, Legumes and oilseeds, Post
harvest, Post processing practices for their safe storage, Parboiling and Milling of paddy, Quality
characteristics, Curing and aging of rice, Processed rice products, Wheat and its quality characteristics
of milling into flour and semolina, Flour milling, Turbo grinding and air classification, Flour grades
and their suitability for baking purpose, Assessment of flour quality and characteristics, Milling of
Durum wheat, Macaroni products; Ingredients, Technology and quality parameters for baked products;
Bread, Biscuits and cakes; breakfast cereals, Dry and Wet milling of corn, starches and its conversion
products, malting of barley, Pearling of Millets, Milling of legume-pulses by traditional and improved
processes; Processing of oil seeds for direct use and consumption, Oil and protein products, Processing
of extracted oil refining, hydrogenation, interestrification, Processing of deoiled cake into protein
concentrates and isolates; Textured protein, Functional protein preparations, peanut butter, Margarine
and Spread.
Practical: Experimental milling, physico-chemical tests for flour quality of wheat, Rheological
properties of dough, test baking, physico-chemical tests of rice and evaluation of cooking quality,
Milling and parboiling of paddy, Dhal milling, visit to dhal mills; Preparation of protein concentrates
and isolates, Antinutritional factors in pulses and extruded products.
APFE 408              Technology of Dairy Products                         2(2-0-0)

Fluid Milk : Composition of milk and factors affecting it; Physico-chemical characteristics of milk and
milk constituents, production and collection, cooling and transportation of milk. Packaging storage and
distribution of pasteurized milk: whole, standardized, toned, double toned and skim milk. Test for
milk quality and adulteration; UHT processed milk, flavored, sterilized milk. Cleaning and sanitation of
dairy equipments; Cream: Definition, classification and physico-chemical properties of cream; Butter:
Definition, classification, composition and methods of manufacture; Ice cream:                Definition,
classification, composition, constituents and their role. Preparation of mixes and freezing of ice cream,
over run, judging, grading and defects of ice cream; Evaporated and condensed milk : Method of
manufacture, packaging and storage. Roller and spray drying of milk solids, Instantization, flow ability
dustiness, reconstituability, dispersability, wet ability, sink ability and appearance of milk powders.
Manufacture of casein, whey protein, lactose from milk or use in formulated foods.
APFE 409              Processing of Marine Products                        2(2-0-0)

Importance of fisheries, Classification of aquatic animals; Composition and Nutritional Quality of Fish;
Transportation and storage of fish; Unit operations in fish processing, preservation by curing, chilling
and freezing of fish, drying, fish products, canning of fish products, modified atmosphere packaging of
fish and fish products; HACCP and quality assurance of sea food.
APFE 611               Food Packaging Technology                            3(2-0-1)
Chemical and physical properties of package materials, interaction between package and food, selection
and evaluation of packaging materials and systems, package design criteria, printing, computers
application in packaging, modified atmospheres, Corrosion, scale-up, waste engineering, CIP systems.
Practical: Estimation of shelf life of fresh and preserved food using various packages such a metal
container, glass container and flexible packages; Determination permeability of different plastic films;
Estimation of protection against micro-organisms in various food packages; Identification of plastic
films; Visit to Packages Limited, Lahore.
AET 400                       Training – I                                 1(0-0-1)

                                                   64
                                        SEMESTER VI
ABM 402                Agri-business Management                              3(3-0-0)

Definition, History, function productive system, operations, decisions, decision frame work, produces
of series & goods critical themes, operation strategy, model, objectives, types External factor,
international operations, rescued operations, stages, new production introductions, new product
development, technology development, quality function development, Value analysis, modular design;
Quality management, quality control and improvement, process selection, service operation design,
choice of technology, layout of facilities, forecasting.

APFE 403                      Beverage Technology                            4(3-0-1)

Introduction, classification, Beverage industry in India, Traditional beverages; Manufacturing
technology of mineral water and carbonated drinks; water quality, treatment and fortification process,
Bottling, Packaging, storage and transportation, fruit beverages; squash, cordial, nectar, crush, alcoholic
beverages; Milk beverages, selection and economics of different beverages packaging materials,
selection, operation and maintenance of beverage machines / equipments, Automation in beverage
industries, quality control and safety in beverage industries, Waste management in beverage industries,
Marketing of beverages.
Practical: Preparation of different beverages, Effect of different ingredient on the quality of beverages;
Water treatment, Preparation of syrups; Sensory evaluation of beverages, Chemical and microbiological
analysis of different beverages, Visit to beverages Industries.

APFE 503               Technology of Meat & Poultry Products                 3(3-0-0)

Meat and poultry industries in India – kinds of meat animals and poultry birds – pre-slaughter care –
methods of stunning – slaughtering – dressing of meat and poultry – post slaughter care and post
mortem inspection – classification and quality of meat – Aging, curing smoking, canning and
irradiation preservation of meat, Freezing and dehydration of meat and meat products, curing agents
and additives – meat products – formed and sectioned meat – sausage products 0 hygiene and sanitary
conditions in a meat processing plant; Formation, structure, chemical composition and nutritive value
of eggs – Collection, handling, grading and quality parameters of eggs – methods of preservation of egg
and their products – spoilage of egg and their products – hygiene and sanitation, regulations; Recent
development in meat and poultry processing, quality processing, quality and safety control measures,
Planning, Layout design consideration in meat and poultry processing unit, export regulation of meat
and poultry products.
Practical: Meat preservation, canning, cooking, freezing, sausage making, meat products preparation,
Visit to meat processing industries.

APFE 504                      Unit Operations in Food Engineering            4(3-0-1)

Principles of fluid flow, heat transfer, heat exchanger, ERH & Water activity, Evaporation, Distillation,
Drying, Dehydration; Types of dryers, Material handling equipment; Size reduction, Energy
requirement in Size Reduction; Sieve analysis, Mixing, Kneading, Blending, Homogenization, Size
Separation, Sedimentation, Extraction, Leaching, Crystallization, Thermal Processing, Refrigeration
principles, Cooling, freezing , thawing of food materials. Irradiation; absorption and adsorption,
Mechanical Cleaning, Grading, Sorting, Filtration, Membranic Separation, Emulsification.


                                                    65
Practical: Separation efficiency of centrifugal separator, energy requirement in size reduction using
burr mill, hammer mill, muller mill, economy and thermal efficiency of rotary flash evaporator for
concentration of juice, collection efficiency of cyclone separator, liquid-solid separation by filtration,
particle size determination by sieve analysis – visit to solvent extraction, sugar, tapioca starch and food
industries, drying rate calculation, calculation of refrigeration load.

APFE 506                       Fruits & Vegetable Processing                 3(2-0-1)

Unit operations; receiving, washing, grading, peeling, size reduction, blanching, sulphiting / sulphuring,
syruping/brining, exhausting, processing and packaging; Processing technology of the manufacture of
new products from fruits and vegetables; beverages, preserved, sauces, pickles, soups and others;
Preservation technologies; Packaging requirements; Spoilage of processed fruits, vegetables and their
control; Nutritional evaluation of processed foods; Plant layout and hygiene; Fruit and vegetable plant
layout, design, personal hygiene, plant sanitation and waste disposal; Quality control in fruits and
vegetables processing industry.
Practical: Equipment for fruits and vegetable processing, Plant-layout, can seaming operation,
Preparation of fruit juices, squashes, syrups and ready to served beverages; Canning of fruits and
vegetable; Preparation of jams, jellies, marmalade, preserved, and candies; Preparation of pickles,
chutneys, and tomato products, Drying of fruits and vegetables, quality control of processed products;
Visit to fruit and vegetable processing factories, freezing of foods, Processing of mushroom.

APFE 514               Energy Management in Food Industries                  2(2-0-0)

Energy: Basic concepts, energy sources, renewable and non renewable, statistics of world and Indian
energy scenario, food industry, energy auditing, management of energy sources, efficiency and
utilization, solar energy, drying of agricultural food products, water heating, solar distillation, power
generation through photovoltaic system, fuel efficiency and performance of furnaces. Biomass
gasification, application in food industry; Heat energy recovery and waste heat utilization, energy from
vegetable and municipal solid waste, wind energy for pumping and electrics power generation.

APFE 515                       Food Additives                                2(2-0-0)

Scope, permitted food additives, General principles for the use of food additives. GRAS and
international regulatory status (FAO, WHO, WTO) of food additives, functions, types, modes of action,
consequences of use, risks and benefits of food additives. Nutritional additives, preservatives, anti-
microbial agents, antioxidants, emulsifiers, enzymes and acidulates, flavoring agents and flavor
enhancers. Sweeteners, natural and synthetic, coloring agents; Methods used for safety evaluation, food
additives and hypersensitivity.

APFE 605                       Baking & Confectionery Technology             3(2-0-1)

Technology of baking; dough rheology; equipments; baking of bread; Sponge goods; biscuits and cookies; flaky
pastry; pie; Danish pastry; bakery decorations; Confectionery ; cocoa and chocolate manufacture; role of
ingredients and additives; stages of sugar cookery; machinery; confectionery products; packaging.
Practical: Rheological properties of dough; preparation of bakery items; packaging; visit to bakery;
sugar confectionery stages of sugar cooking; preparation of confectionery items; visit to confectionery
unit.




                                                    66
                                      SEMESTER VII
APFE 505                      Drying & Dehydration of Food                 3(3-0-0)

Water activity its relation with shelf –life of food materials, equilibrium moisture content and latent
heat of vaporization, equipments for movement and heating of air, resistance to air flow in granular
bed, drying characteristics of cereals, pulses, oil seeds, spices and other food materials, heat
requirement and thermal efficiency of drying systems, operation of different types of dryers,
dehydration of food by microwave, dielectric and irradiation.
Practical: Estimation of equilibrium moisture content; Drying characteristics by various methods of
fruits, vegetables, cereals and meat products; Effect of drying on food quality.

APFE 507                      Quality Control in Food Industry             3(2-0-1)

Hygiene regulation, central of airborne contamination HACCP implementation, Indian experience,
Assessing an operation, Microbiological central methods, Instrumental measurements of sensory
attribute of foods; appearance, color, volume, density and specific gravity, Rheological and textural
characteristics, Textural profile analysis. To relation between instrumental and sensory analysis of food
quality attributes.
Practical: Methods of evaluation of sensory quality evaluation of color and rheological attributes,
Detection and estimation of food additives and adulterants, Relationship between objective and
subjective methods.

APFE 509                      Fermented Food Products                      3(2-0-1)

Food fermentation, stock culture and inoculum preparation. Lactic acid fermentation of milk,
vegetables, cereals and meat. Alcoholic fermentation of fruit juices, sugar and starch substrates.
Vinegar fermentation, mixed fermentation of cereal legumes and milk. Malting, brewing, steeping,
germination, kilning and curing. Chemical and biochemical changes during malting and mashing.
Separation of wort, wort boiling and hops addition. Fermentation, separation, maturation, carbonation
and packaging.
Practical: Lactic acid fermentation. Alcoholic fermentation of fruit juices. Acetic acid fermentation
and alkaline fermentation. Barley steeping. Germination, malting mashing and brewing; Preparation of
wine and distillation of wine.

APFE 510                              Dairy Engineering                    3(2-0-1)
Market Milk- definition, composition. Physio- chemical properties of milk and other dairy products.
Milk reception and storage. Processing of milk- pasteurization, sterilization, homogenization,
standardization. Fortification of milk and milk products. Production and preservation of cream butter,
ghee, butter oil, condensed & powdered milk, ice-cream. Technology of yogurt, paneer, cheese spread.
Packaging and distribution of milk and milk product. Utilization of milk industry by- products. Milk &
milk product standards. Process flow chart for product manufacture, Batch & Continuous drying
systems, Freezing and Low Temperature Preservation of Food.
Practical: Treatment of raw milk –chilling, clarification & infiltration, Cream separation &
standardization of milk. Operation of LTLT, HTST pasteurizer and sterlizer & UHT plant.
Preparations of paneer, chena, ghee, dahi, khoya, kulfi, etc. Preparation of butter, ice creams, cheese
yogurt, casein etc. Evaluation of milk & dairy products.



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APFE 602             Food Process Equipment Design                     3(2-1-0)
Application of design engineering for food processing equipments, Design parameters, codes and
materials selection. Design handling and milling equipments, dryers, heat exchangers, Pressure vessels,
Optimization of design with respect of process efficiency, Design of fluid conveyance system, Design
of evaporator, vapor separator and condenser. Equipments lay out and ventilation in food processing
plants, computer assisted design of a heat exchanger, dryers and a storage system.

APFE 604              Extrusion Technology                                  3(2-0-1)

Transport phenomena during extrusion, Rheological properties of cereals during extrusion, chemical
and physico-chemical transformation during extrusion scale-up and control of extruders, studies of
functioning and expansion of extrudates, Extruder machines.
Practical: Development of extruded product, Study of extruders process, value addition by extrution
process, estimation of nutritional value of extruded product.

APFE 612              Marketing of Food Products                            2(2-0-0)

Nature of products. Cost concepts, cost curves and short run and long run equilibrium. Returns to scale
and Economics of scale. Project preparation and feasibility analysis. Financial management. Demand,
markets, marketing, market structure, marketing management and pricing strategies of firms. Marketing
environment and Consumer buying behavior. Market segmentation, market measurement, market plan,
marketing promotion, management of distribution and market research. Market Information System,
export and government regulations, GATT and WTO.

APFE 616                      Processing of Spice and Plantation Crops              3(2-0-1)
Theory : Production and processing scenario of spice, flavour & plantation crops and its scope. Major
Spices: (1) Post Harvest Technology composition, processed products of following spices (2) Ginger
(3) Chill (4) Turmeric (5) Onion and garlic (6) Pepper (7) Cardamom (8) aercanut, cashew nut, coco
nut. Minor Spices, herbs and leafy vegetables : tea rubber and oil palm.Spartans, Processing and
Utilization All spice, Annie seed, sweet Basil. Caraway seed, Cassia, Cinnamon. Clove, Coriander,
cumin, Dill seed. Fern seed nutmeg, malt, mint marjoram. Rose merry, saffron, sage. Savory, Thyme,
Ajowan. Asartida, curry leaves. Tea- Types, Processing, quality control. Coffee& Cocoa: Processing.
Vanilla and annattoprocessing. Flavours of minor spices. Flavour of major spices. Spice oil and
oleoresins. Flavours of soft drinks Baking and confectionery. Standards specification of spices.
Functional packaging of spices and spice products.
Practical: Identification and characterization of flavouring compounds of spices. Valuable oil
determination. Extraction of oil from clove, pepper, cardamom-chili. Extraction of oleoresins-Turmeric,
ginger, pepper, clove. Piperine estimation in pepper oleoresin. Steam distillation of spices.
Determination of curumin content in turmeric. Chemical analysis of spices moisture, valuable oil,
specific gravity, refractive index ,acid value. Study of standard specification of spices. Packaging study
of spices. Preparation of curry powder. Visit to spice Industry

AET 500                       Training – II                                 1(0-0-1)
AET 580                       Seminar – I                                   1(0-0-1)
AET 699 a         Project (Project Formulation)                              2 (0-0-2)




                                                   68
                                         SEMESTER VIII
 APFE 508                Food Plant Sanitation & Waste Management                 3(2-0-1)
 Sanitary design of food process equipment, Selection of sanitizing agents for cleaning, packaging sanitation,
 food storage sanitation, transport sanitation and water sanitation. By-products obtained from dairy plant, egg
 & poultry processing industry and meat industry. Characterization of food industry wastes e.g., BOD, COD
 and total organic content, floatable and suspended solids in water, pretreatment, secondary treatments of
 solid waste, sludge volume index, advanced techniques activated bio-filtration, biological fluidized bed
 reactor, dried bacteria culture process tertiary treatments or advanced waste water treatment system (AWT);
 polishing ponds, DAF Techniques, micro trainers treatment and disposal of sludge, sand filters, removal of
 nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, physical chemical treatment process.
 Practical: Flow process chart of food plant Waste utilization processes, various treatment for waste
 disposal analysis of cleaners & sanitizers, CIP Cleaning.
 APFE 601                Food Plant Design & Maintenance                          3(2-1-0)
 Food Plant Design and Maintenance plant Design consideration, feasibility Analysis, financial analysis,
 plant location, plant layout, process selection, process flow Analysis, choice of Technology, Scheduling,
 Job Design Performance measurement and improvement, Replacement and maintenance.
 Physical properties of food materials and energy balance calculations for preliminary estimation of plant
 capacity & equipment sizes. Preparation of flow sheets for material movement and utility consumption in
 food plant. Design of storage vessels, pressure vessels & vessels for drum drying. Design of fluid
 conveyance system, heat exchangers, evaporators, condenser, vapor separator etc. Performance
 characteristics and selection of fan, blowers ejector compressors & vacuum pumps. Design considerations
 for food plant, equipment lay-out and ventilation in food process plant. Performance characteristics and
 selection of centrifugal & positive displacement sanitary pumps. Food plant maintenance including
 preventive & break down maintenance.
 APFE 603                        Food Plant Operations Management                 3 (3-0-0)
 Food Plant Operation Function, Operations Strategy, Products Design, Managing Quality, Quality Control
 & Improvement, Process Selection, Service Operations Design, Choice of Technology, Process Flow
 Analysis, Forecasting, Facilities Decisions, Aggregate Planning, Independent Demand Inventory,
 Performance Measurement, Supply Chain Management.
 APFE 613                Functional & Minimally Processed Foods                   2(2-0-0)
Foods and its functions, role of nutrients, recommended dietary intakes and its use. Composition of foods,
general and specific for different foods of plant and animal origin. Restoration, enrichment, fortification and
supplementation of foods. Balanced diets for normal individuals. Therapantic diets for people suffering from
various ailments and disorders, sensory qualities and acceptability of foods.
 APFE 614                Food Laws & Legislation                                  2(2-0-0)
 Concept and significance of Food Legislation, Indian Food Laws and Legislation, Prevention of Food
 Adulteration (PFA), Beauro of Indian Standards (BIS), Agmark, Agricultural and Processed Food Products
 Export Development Authority (APEDA), International Standardization and Organization (ISO), Codex
 Alimentrius Commission (CAC), Food Laws and legislation in EU, Middle East, SAARC and ASEAN.
 APFE 615                Entrepreneurship in Food Industries                      2(2-0-0)
Identification of Business opportunities, market survey, project formulation, selection of product, choice of
technology, financial institutions, fund flow analysis, functional ratio, techno-economic feasibility of project,
costing and pricing, industrial sickness and remedies.
 AET 680                         Seminar – II                                             1 (0-0-1)

 AET 699 b                       Project Execution & Report                               7 (0-0-7)

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