Reimagining Citizenship through Bilingualism: The Migrant Bilingual Child in Helena Mara Viramontes' Under the Feet of Jesus

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Reimagining Citizenship through Bilingualism: The Migrant Bilingual Child in Helena Mara Viramontes' Under the Feet of Jesus Powered By Docstoc
					reimagining citizenship through Bilingualism:
the migrant Bilingual child in helena maría viramontes’
Under the Feet of Jesus

Jeehyun Lim




Bringing together bilingualism and citizenship may seem a counterintui-
tive gesture to many given that the most prominent relationship between
language and citizenship historically in the United States has been that
of literacy in English as proof of citizenship.1 It is increasingly becom-
ing questionable, however, to what extent the monolingual approach
to citizenship that distributes rights and obligations in relation to Eng-
lish and 
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: According to Ong, "Cultural citizenship is a dual process of self-making and being-made within webs of power linked to the nation-state and civil society" (1996, 738). While there is no easy answer to how the structural inequality that underwrites the relationship between the community of Spanish speakers and the community of English speakers in the novel can be redressed, Estrellas continuous negotiations between the two languages of her world serve as a starting point for dialectically reimagining citizenship.
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