Community Development Plan Template by krv81378

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									Integrated Community
Sustainability Planning

                                 Chris Ling
                      Post-Doctoral Scholar
       Canada Research Chair in Sustainable
                  Community Development
                     Royal Roads University
 Integrated Community
Sustainability Plans for
Canadian Municipalities

  The development of a
    template to support
  integrated community
  sustainability planning
      What is the template about?

• Engagement
• Reconciliation
• Dynamics
• Guidance
• Integration
• Tools and Techniques
• Governance: proactive
  planning rather than reactive
• Inclusion: early and full
  engagement of the

                              • Integration: linking
                                sustainability and planning
                              • Scale: moving beyond
                                municipal boundaries and
                                short term policies
         The stepwise approach

                    • Engage with the
                    • Understanding the place

• Creating a plan
• Implementation
                  Creating a plan
      frameworks for development and change

• What is the community
• Timeframe: long-term vision
  linked to short term cycles
  and goals
• Scale: links to neighbouring
  jurisdictions, nested
Questions to consider

    • Are municipalities able to deliver
      integrated planning?
    • What barriers are there?
    • Does this template contain the right
      ideas, priorities and foci?
                Two Case Studies

                           • Queen Charlotte Village
                             – Small rural community,
                             recently incorporated

• Prince George – medium
  sized industrial city
                       Prince George

• Planned on starting ICSP
  process Winter 2007/2008
• Held up by ice jam

                          • Now again on hold due to mill fires
                          • Unlikely to advance significantly
                            until after elections
                          • Strategic and long-term planning:
                            hampered by short-term crises and
                            political concerns.
                   Positive signs

• ICSP will be a major operating document for the City
• Comprehensive multi-sectoral and inter-disciplinary
• Degree to which plan will be overridden by significant
  and current political concerns

• What will the time scale for visioning be – currently
• Is developing as a summary document of pre-existing
  policies - will the necessary cross sectoral linkages be
• What will be the community engagement process?
• Strategic and long-term planning of any sort always
  hampered by short-term crises and political concerns.
             Queen Charlotte Village

• Incorporated in 2006
  •   Need for control
  •   Poor relationship with Regional District
  •   Need for planning to address challenges

• First order of business was Official Community Plan
  (OCP) – land use planning.
• Then ICSP – started in spring 2007
      QCV: Community engagement

• Set up volunteer planning committee using open
  recruitment of volunteers from village.
• Limited use of engagement after that – single survey on
• Fear of town meetings – unproductive , confrontational.
• Lack of knowledge of other more constructive and
  inclusive engagement methods.
       QCV: Understanding the place

• Poor legacy of data from Regional District
• Knowledge based on assumption and local experience,
  quality mixed and sporadic in topic.
• Dependant on natural resources and tourism outside
  their immediate control and jurisdiction and ultimately
  knowledge [Provincial Government prevented the inclusions of a
  wider boundary due to fear of development]
               QCV: Governance

• Village has 0 bylaws
• Enforcement and implementation are going to be a major
                 QCV: Integration

• OCP and ICSP are seen as parallel and the senior
  operating documents for the village – although the
  integration between them has yet to be observed
• Topics within plans largely dictated by the personal
  interests of the members of the advisory planning
  committee and council. These are not holistic (lack of
  understanding of the place?)
                    QCV: Scale

• Working relationships with adjacent First Nations and
  other island municipalities and communities poor.
• Boundaries very restrictive
• Limited influence over Forestry and Tourism
• Temporal scale yet to be decided
                 QCV: Concerns

• The ICSP may become focused on personal agenda and
• Lack of working relationships with neighbours could
  reduce effectiveness and scope
• Ideas and visions mainly based on developments
  outside village control
                QCV: The Postive

• Genuine desire to fully and constructively engage the
  community (the ‘fully’ is easy, the ‘constructively’ hard)
• APC made up of diverse and motivated individuals
• Recognition that this stuff is vital for the community
       Conclusions for the Template

• The template is most useful for smaller communities
• It has material of use for most community sizes
• Still requires outside assistance for the process, but
  increases the informed control exerted by even small
• The general structure is relevant for ICSP planning in
• Some of the detail may be more or less relevant – may
  depend on community size and personality
         Questions for ICSPs in BC

• Scale: Do smaller communities have the impact on and
  control over sufficient resources to provide a sustainable
• Capacity: Do communities have the capacity internally to
  plan for sustainability?
• What should/is the relationship between OCP and ICSP
  and do either of them really have sufficient impact on the
  development of communities

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