Docstoc

Micro-Environmental Analysis of the Erie Region

Document Sample
Micro-Environmental Analysis of the Erie Region Powered By Docstoc
					           ERIE TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL




  Micro-Environmental
Analysis of the Erie Region
     For The Data Center Industry
                  Megan Hull
                Kathleen Moore




             Presented: July 8, 2010
2
                                                                               Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                            About This Document
About This Document
This document, Data Center Erie Region Microenviromental Analysis, satisfies the intelligence
requirement to find “Analyze the microenvironment of the data center industry as it pertains to the Erie
region concerning areas such as: regional/local competitors, job outlook, funding incentives,
environmental concerns, infrastructure, regulations and best practices. Analyze current and proposed
legislation on a local, state and federal level. Investigate telecommunication expansion initiatives on a
state and federal level. Forecast expansion based on connectivity maps in the region of opportunity:
Western Pennsylvania, Western New York, Eastern Ohio,” as per the tasking agreed on between the Erie
Technology Council and Megan Hull and Kathleen Moore. Analysts conducted the research for this
project between 10 June 2010 and 8 July 2010.

Analysts fulfilled this requirement by providing assessments of the region of opportunity as described by
the Erie Technology Council. The analysts compiled key findings as well as individual assessments
regarding job outlook, environmental concerns, regulations, competitors, funding, economics, data
retentions, and best practices.




                                       ______________________
                                             Megan Hull




                                       ______________________
                                           Kathleen Moore




                                                                                                             3
                                                                                                                        Erie Technology Council



Table of Contents




                                                                                                                                                                     Table of Contents
 About This Document ............................................................................................................................... 1
 Key Findings: Micro-environmental Analysis ............................................................................................ 6
 Jobs ......................................................................................................................................................... 10
    Data Center Jobs Remain Flat; Likely Increase In IT Jobs In The Field Of Security ............................. 10
    Data Center Unlikely to Significantly Increase Jobs In Erie Long Term ............................................... 11
 Environmental ......................................................................................................................................... 13
    Region Likely to Raise Concerns Pertaining to Environment Regarding Data Center Creation .......... 13
    Environmental Facts About Data Centers ........................................................................................... 15
 Earthquakes ............................................................................................................................................ 15
 CO2 emissions: ........................................................................................................................................ 15
 Energy: .................................................................................................................................................... 15
 Infrastructure: Erie Region ...................................................................................................................... 17
    Regional Infrastructure Unlikely Sufficient to Support Data Center Industry .................................... 17
 Infrastructure: Western New York.......................................................................................................... 19
    Western New York's Broadband Infrastructure High Likely to expand; Rural/Urban Divide Likely to
    Remain in Short Term ......................................................................................................................... 19
 Regulations ............................................................................................................................................. 21
    Data Centers Highly Likely To Be Affected By Indirect Legislation And Self-Regulation .................... 21
 Competitors ............................................................................................................................................ 24
    Pennsylvania Data Center Locations ................................................................................................... 24
    Pennsylvania Broadband Providers .................................................................................................... 30
    Western New York Data Center Locations.......................................................................................... 32
    Ohio Data Center Locations ................................................................................................................ 36
    Funding Incentives .............................................................................................................................. 45
 Economics ............................................................................................................................................... 49
 Data Retention ........................................................................................................................................ 51
 Best Practices .......................................................................................................................................... 54
 Annex I: Data Center Maps: Pennsylvania; Western New York; Ohio ................................................... 56
    Western New York Data Center Hot Spots ......................................................................................... 56
    Pennsylvania Data Center Hot Spots .................................................................................................. 56
    Ohio Data Center Hot Spots ................................................................................................................ 57


                                                                                                                                                                     4
                                                                                                                    Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                                                                Table of Contents
Annex II: Data Center Maps: East Coast................................................................................................. 58
   East Coast Data Center locations. ....................................................................................................... 58
Annex III: Erie Broadband Map .............................................................................................................. 59
Annex IV: Erie Regional Fiber Maps ....................................................................................................... 60
Annex V: Pennsylvania Investment Map ................................................................................................ 61
Annex VI: Glossary .................................................................................................................................. 62
Annex VII: Resources............................................................................................................................... 63
Annex VIII: Contacts ................................................................................................................................ 65
Endnotes: ................................................................................................................................................ 66




                                                                                                                                                                 5
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                       Key Findings
Key Findings: Micro-environmental Analysis
The advent of Cloud Computing is rapidly changing the way people and industry house and
manage their information (see Economics). With more applications and data being stored online
or in the "cloud," the infrastructure required to store this information will grow exponentially in
the next 10 years (see Data Retention). Currently, within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
there is void of available data facilities south, from Erie to Pittsburgh, and east, from Erie to
Scranton (see East Coast Data Centers). Considering alone the soon to be enacted federal
mandate of storing medical data online, the need to create a dedicated data center that not only
services the Erie region but has the ability to grow into a co-located center and expand as a local
industry is readily apparent.

Updated data retention laws requiring online access will create an enormous need for data
storage facilities given the number of years specific industries are required to retain information:
       Medical and Doctor Facilities need to retain information anywhere from 5 years to
          permanently.1
       Banks and Financial Institutions need to retain information anywhere from 6 months to
          7 years.2
       Educational Institutions need to retain information anywhere from 3 years to
          permanently.3
       Insurance Companies need to retain information anywhere from 6 to 7 years.4

However, the anticipated need of a data storage facility does not correspond with the needed
infrastructure to support such an entity and the realities of the current greater Erie region. Lack
of connectivity, climate, geography, operational costs, lack of talent pool, and lack of clustering
ability will all serve to impact the success of any attempts to grow a data center industry without
leveraging certain aspects to the favor of the Erie region.

The end goal of such an industry is to create a cluster effect. A business cluster is the
geographical clustering of like-minded businesses, suppliers, and affiliated service companies
within a given business or industry sector within a given region. Regions with specified business
cluster develop agglomeration economies where over time the local economy develops around
the specific business cluster and feeds it through supply chains.

There are four descriptors of studied clusters: geographical, sectoral (businesses operating within
the same industry), horizontal (businesses with independent focuses that together provide
comprehensive services), and vertical (supply chain clusters). There are also three types of
clusters: techno (knowledge economies), historic know-how (evolve over time and are based on
tradition), and factor endowments (i.e. wine regions that developed due to climate and soil
conditions.

Techno Clusters, the type of cluster desirable to the Erie region, are high technology-oriented,
well adapted to the knowledge economy, and typically have as a core renowned universities and


                                                                                                         6
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Key Findings
research centers like Silicon Valley. Techno clusters require a dense infrastructure of
telecommunication routes, a large pool of highly skilled IT professionals, and high connectivity
within the region.

While Erie is close to such major metropolitan areas such as Buffalo, Pittsburgh and Cleveland,
this also means that Erie is closer to an existing and plentiful field of data centers Ohio, New
York, and as well as rest of the state. The climate of Erie, with average temperatures between 27
to 72 degrees,5 makes for a highly advantageous climate for the necessary for offsetting the
massive amount of thermal energy created by data center operations. However, cooler climates
are often not conducive to attracting employees and businesses. Migration trends in the United
States have steadily maintained a move of population to warmer climate for the last fifty years
with no signs of a reverse trend.

Small to medium sized independent data centers do not require many employees to operate. Any
expansion of the industry in the Erie region would require a larger number of information
technology professionals. As of 2008, Erie only boasts 323 IT professionals in NAIC and SIC
designated companies (see Jobs). Naturally, IT persons are "hidden" in numerous fields where
their individual jobs do not count within the NAIC or SIC code of a given company. However,
graduation trends of the four major colleges and universities in the Erie only produce, on average
80 students with degrees (both Bachelors and Masters) within a given year which translates to
less than 1% of area graduates in the same year (see Jobs).

A partnership with any local college or university that could sponsor a certificate program, a
program that focuses of data center management, something heretofore not in existence in the
United States at present could both be a unique draw for students coming to the area and positive
exposure for a growing data center industry within the Erie region.

Environmentally, data centers have unique problems (see Environment). The most recognizable
and immediate is the massive energy consumption used with which to keep the facility cool.
There are also problems of continuation of services planning when natural disasters occur.
However, the lesser known problem of CO2 emissions presents the biggest challenge and as
communities become more aware of this byproduct, residents become more concerned about
having data centers in their areas.6,7 Erie has proven vigilant in protesting businesses in which
citizens feel will harm the local environment. The successful campaign to prevent the Tire to
Energy Plant and the utter lack of support for Erie Coke's potential closing despite the clear
threat of losing jobs, shows that since losing high-polluting manufacturing jobs over the last few
decades, there is little desire to see these jobs return if it means a return to high pollution.

From a data center owner’s perspective, with rising energy costs and the need to constantly
expand facility capacity, maintaining a proper footprint while also keeping tax liabilities low
requires careful planning and development.8 This will be a particularly challenge to Erie given
that electricity rates in this area are higher than Buffalo, Cleveland, and Pittsburgh, and with
deregulation of rates scheduled for 2011, those rates may creep even higher.9


                                                                                                      7
                                                                            Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                         Key Findings
Off-setting these concerns becomes key and Erie is in a unique position to accomplish this. The
large number of empty manufacturing facilities within the city limits provides ample opportunity
for redevelopment funded on a local, state and federal level (see Funding Incentives). The City
of Erie also offers reduced electricity rates for a set numbers of years. Additionally, residents
with environmental concerns over data centers can be assuaged with seeing architecturally
important and empty buildings finally being put to good use. Most data centers are built in
greenfield areas, meaning, it is easier to build an entirely new structure rather than retrofit an old
one, but in building on greenfield, any developer is required to also pay the fit-out costs of
expanding infrastructure (water, sewer, electricity and communications lines) to the new
structure. Brownfield development, while architecturally tricky, offers basically "plug and play".
The high cost of extending infrastructure is no longer required in a redeveloped facility.

Finally, green building in data centers, be it a retrofit or a new building, offers unique
opportunities. The "Tap Into Erie"10 campaign has been active for several years now trying to
lure businesses to the area due to Erie's abundance of cheap, clean water and sound
infrastructure. A partnership between a data center and the water authority, where the data center
uses recycled or "gray water" to cool the facility rather than using enormous amounts of
electrical energy can be a marketing boon for both entities involved.

In the end, a redeveloped brownfield, a partnership with the water authority, and a executive
training program specializing in data center management could lay the groundwork for
establishing a thriving data center industry in the Erie region.

Employment and environmental issues aside, at present, connectivity within Erie county is
sufficient to support a small, local data center servicing only local clients (see Bandwidth Map).
Data centers require a great deal of bandwidth by to operate and the optimum operating speeds
require a dense network of fiber optic telecommunication routes. Erie suffers from a lack of
nebulous interconnections within the region. Erie currently has four direct routes out town to
Cleveland, Meadville, Corry/Warren, and Buffalo without any direct route to Pittsburgh. In order
to expand into a more regional industry, it would require surrounding counties of Crawford and
Warren, first, to increase their level of investment as well as Erie internally (see Investment
Map). This would increase the overall connectivity of Western Pennsylvania and allow a data
storage industry start-up to thrive. Adjoining counties such as Mercer, Venango, Forest, and
McKean would need to follow suit to strengthen the area.

Western New York currently holds the best promise for an expanding data storage industry to be
housed in Erie. The State of New York implemented a highly aggressive broadband expansion
and investment in infrastructure outstrips most efforts made on either a state level in
Pennsylvania (which currently lacks funding) or the federal level which only began in 2009 (see
Western New York Infrastructure).

Approaching data centers as first a self-servicing industry by which to grow an industry that


                                                                                                          8
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Key Findings
services a greater region is likely the optimal approach which will require measured strategy in
key areas such as site location, environmental concerns, infrastructure, and economics.




                                                                                                     9
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Jobs
Jobs
Data Center Jobs Remain Flat; Likely Increase In IT Jobs In The Field
Of Security

Executive Summary:
The data center industry experienced no job growth since the economic downturn began in 2008.
The need for highly-skilled and well-compensated workers who can navigate the sheer number
of technologies and systems flowing into the data center conflicts with the need for data center
budgets to remain low. However, it is likely fields related to IT security will increase in 2010.

Discussion:
 Data centers are not a significant source of employment. It is not uncommon for a data center
 in the tri-state area to employ less than 10 people. Data Centers controlled by larger
 corporations such as Microsoft offer more jobs than local data centers, but still not large
 amount. Specifically, a Microsoft facility is over 450,000 square feet in size, houses tens of
 thousands of computers in five 12,000-foot clusters of racks employs only about 75 people.11

 According to the Symantec 2010 State of the Data Center Global Data, cutbacks are currently a
 problem among data center staff.12 In June 2010, Hewlett-Packard (HP) announced that the
 company was eliminating 9,000 jobs in data centers to refocus funding to other areas such as
 sales and delivery services.13 This move will also result in the consolidation of HP data centers
 cutting the number in half.14

 Potential data center employees likely find themselves in a hard place due to two opposing
 forces in job fulfillment: the need of management to keep budgets low, and a growing need for
 workers who can navigate the confluence of technologies flowing into the data center.15
 However, a recent survey conducted by an IT-focused consulting firm, Janco Associates notes
 that salaries for data center jobs are remaining flat.16 The volume of seasoned IT professionals
 seeking employment is a noted as a large contributor to this fact.17

 Research firm Computer Economics anticipates a 2 percent growth in IT positions over the
 next year.18 Symantec’s director of enterprise product management, Sean Derrington, claimed
 that jobs based in security and backup and disaster recovery.19 With over 80 percent of
 companies calling security a top priority for their data centers, and security risks being the
 largest concern among cloud computing users, it is likely there will be a large increase in jobs
 to address these concerns.20




                                                                                                     10
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                    Jobs
Data Center Unlikely to Significantly Increase Jobs In Erie Long Term

Executive Summary:
It is unlikely a data center located in Erie, Pennsylvania will increase employment significantly
due to the limited number of long-term jobs existing among data centers. The placement of a
data center within the city is unlikely to prove beneficial for bringing a significant amount of
jobs to the area, however an increase in the relationship with IT programs of nearby colleges and
universities may prove beneficial for increasing visibility of a burgeoning data center industry.

Discussion:
 It is likely local colleges and universities could benefit from onsite experience offered by a
 local data center. Gannon University graduated 45 students in 2009 from IT related fields and
 strongly encourages internship and co-op participation prior to graduation.21,22 Other local
 schools, such as Edinboro University, Mercyhurst College, and Penn State Erie-The Behrend
 College encourage students to receive real world experience before graduation in their fields as
 well. 23,24,25 In 2009, the aforementioned colleges graduated 14, 10, and 19 students
 respectively in an IT related field.26

 A business cluster is the geographical clustering of like-minded businesses, suppliers, and
 affiliated service companies within a given business or industry sector within a given region.
 Regions with specified business cluster develop agglomeration economies where over time the
 local economy develops around the specific business cluster and feeds it through supply
 chains.

 There are four descriptors of studied clusters: geographical, sectoral (businesses operating
 within the same industry), horizontal (businesses with independent focuses that together
 provide comprehensive services), and vertical (supply chain clusters). There are also three
 types of clusters: techno (knowledge economies), historic know-how (evolve over time and are
 based on tradition), and factor endowments (i.e. wine regions that developed due to climate
 and soil conditions).

 Techno Clusters, the type of cluster desirable to the Erie region, are high technology-oriented,
 well adapted to the knowledge economy, and typically have as a core renowned universities
 and research centers like Silicon Valley. Techno clusters require a dense infrastructure of
 telecommunication routes, a large pool of highly skilled IT professionals, and high
 connectivity within the region.

 According to the Harvard Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness,27 a think tank devoted to
 the study of clusters in the United States, technology jobs in Erie for 2007 represented only
 .03% of cluster-traded jobs in 2007 or 323 total jobs.28 Since 1998, Erie has experienced
 negative job growth, or experienced the loss of 32 IT jobs during this period while salaries for
 these jobs remain more than double the average income for the region.29 Most patents for the
 region are sponsored through manufacturing and the average patent per employee in Erie is 3.9


                                                                                                    11
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                    Jobs
almost half the national average of 6.38.30 Given the four universities in the Erie region, the
combined graduation rate for IT workers plus the continued "brain drain" of the region, do not
constitute a strong IT workforce.31,32

The Erie region is not showing itself to have a high density of telecommunication
infrastructure, large pool of employable and skilled IT workers, not the necessary innovation to
maintain a business cluster in the Techno sector. Erie needs to capitalize on its high numbers in
Education and Knowledge Creation to create a solid work base of employees to achieve a solid
cluster effect.33




On a state level, Pennsylvania is # 2 in the nation for clean energy jobs but is losing jobs at a
rate of -.4% per year.34 However, the downturn in IT jobs at the end of 2009 likely changed as
job postings for Green IT jobs increased in 2010 by 17 percent.35




                                                                                                    12
                                                                                   Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                     Environmental
Environmental
Region Likely to Raise Concerns Pertaining to Environment
Regarding Data Center Creation

Executive Summary:
It is likely that the region surrounding Erie, PA will raise environmental concern including
carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) and energy and water consumption regarding plans to develop a
local data center. Citizen concern for greenhouse gas manipulation of the environment will likely
encourage a potential data center to strive for an Energy Star label. Due to past legislation
striving to decrease local energy consumption, it is likely local entities will hesitate at building a
structure that consumes mass quantities of energy such as a data center. It is likely a strategic
placement of a data center to include the Erie Water Authority’s development of a recycled-
water cooling system coupled with development of a brownfield site would lessen environmental
concerns.

Summary:
 Data Centers strain resources and offer
 negative impact on the environment
 specifically by way of CO2 emissions,
 energy use, and water supply.
 According to a recent report by
 Gartner, the data centers contribute to
 approximately 23 percent of CO2
 emissions for information and
 communications technology sector.36
 This equates to approximately two
 percent of all global CO2 emissions.37
 According to a 2008 study by the
 Center for Integrative Environmental
 Research at the University of
  Maryland, concerns of climate change               Carbon Dioxide emissions by Data Centers are likely to add to
  caused by an increase in greenhouse                                 environmental concern.
                                              http://arnoudm.wordpress.com/2009/01/13/datacenter-power-consumtion/
  gases could result in significant
  economic costs effecting infrastructure integrity a and disruption to energy and water
  services.38

  CO2 emissions are likely to contribute to concerns specific to the location of Erie, PA due to
  the Erie port contributing USD 5.8 million in estimated annual sales to the local economy.39 To
  mitigate concern of CO2 emissions in the development of a data center, the US Environmental
  Protection Agency launched an Energy Star label for data centers that rank in the top 25
  percent level in their performance scale.40


                                                                                                                     13
                                                                                      Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                  Environmental
The amount of energy data centers consume is likely to contribute to environmental concerns.
Estimates from 2006 pinpoint estimated consumption at approximately 61 billion kilowatt-
hours, the equivalent of 1.5 percent of the total US electricity consumption from that same
year.41 Estimation from the US Environment Protection Agency places the electricity cost for
data centers with energy consumption at more than 100 billion kWh and costing approximately
USD 7.4 billion annually by 2011.42 This is a significant increase from the USD 4.5 billion
data center electricity costs amounted to in 2006.43 According to AFCOM’s Data Center
Institute, power failures and limits on power availability will interrupt data center operations at
more than 90 percent of all companies by 2011.44 Speakers at the Uptime Symposium 2010
                                                    identified application programming,45 siloed
                                                    organizational structures and hardware as
                                                    areas causing energy consumption concern
                                                    among data centers.46,47

                                                                  The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
                                                                  demonstrated concern for excessive energy
                                                                  consumption in 2008 legislation requiring a
                                                                  decrease in energy use by homes and
                                                                  businesses.48 Despite a loophole in the lave
      Electricity use is likely to increase in the near future.   allowing new businesses not to fall under the
  http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/do       conditions,49 it is likely future legislation
    wnloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1.pdf
                                                                  would include provisions for energy
consumption of a data center project.

On a local level, Erie demonstrated concern for emissions by fierce opposition to a tires-to-
energy plant resulting in the proposed business moving to more southern counties. Similarly,
despite its importance to local jobs, citizens of Erie supported calls for the closing of Erie Coke
after numerous environmental violations.50,51 Further environmental concern posed by data
centers includes water usage. A high-density cloud computing server farm can use up to
360,000 gallons of water per day.52




                                                                                                                  14
                                                                              Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                           Environmental
Environmental Facts About Data Centers

Earthquakes
    The Greater Erie region resides in
      Seismic Zone 1 for building codes
      mandated by federal law that structure
      be designed in such a way as to
      withstand a certain level of seismic
      activity.53
    Zone 1 is the second lowest zone on a
      scale of 0 to 4 (with an expanded Level
      2), 0 having almost no building codes
      with regards to seismic activity and 5       The Greater Erie region is located in Seismic Zone 1.
      have the most stringent codes written          http://www.disastercenter.com/build/seismic.htm
      into law.54
    The recent earthquake in Quebec City, in the province of Quebec, Canada, registered
      5.0 on the Richter Scale.55
    The effects of the quake, while felt as far away as Michigan, were experienced in Eire
      but to a magnitude of less than 1.0 on the Richter Scale which would not have a
      noticeable effect in building structures.56
    Previous cause for concern of earthquake directly impacting the Erie region are of the
      lowest possibility within the greater region where data centers already exist.

CO2 emissions:
   According to Gartner, data centers account for 23 percent of Global information and
     communications technology CO2 emissions.
   The global IT industry is responsible for about 2 percent of global CO2 emissions
     annually.57
   For sake of comparison --Performing two Google searches from a desktop computer
     can generate about the same amount of carbon dioxide as boiling a kettle of water.58

Energy:
  In 2006, a report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency by
    the Environmental Protection Agency estimated energy consumption of data centers at 61
    billion kilowatt-hours.59
         o This is the equivalent of approximately 1.5 percent of total electricity
            consumption in the US.60
  The total electricity cost of data centers was estimated at USD 4.5 billion in 2006.61
  Energy consumption in a single rack of servers can exceed 20 kW.62
  The EPA reports that improving the energy efficiency data centers by 10 percent would
    save more than 6 billion kilowatt-hours each year. Which is enough to:63
         o Give power to more than 350,000 homes.
         o Save more than USD 450 million annually.


                                                                                                            15
                                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                   Environmental
                                                                        Unless energy efficiency is improved
                                                                         beyond current trends, the federal
                                                                         government’s electricity cost for
                                                                         servers and data centers could be
                                                                         nearly USD 7.4 billion annually by
                                                                         2011, with energy consumption at
                                                                         more than 100 billion kWh.64
                                                                        Uptime Institute found that, from 2005
                                                                         to 2008, the electricity usage of its
                                                                         members' data centres grew at an
                                                                         average of about 11 percent annually.65
             Energy-consuming equipment in a typical data center.       Speakers at the Uptime Symposium
        http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downl
               oads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1.pdf
                                                                         201066 identified energy consumption
                                                                         concerns in:67
o energy-indifferent application programming
             o siloed organizational structures
             o hardware

 According to AFCOM’s Data Center Institute- power failures and limits on power availability
 will interrupt data center operations at more than 90 percent of all companies by 2011.68

   Water:
      A high-density cloud computing server farm can use up to 360,000 gallons of water per
         day.69
            o This places an enormous strain on local water.
                  Idea: strategic location planning that includes the Erie Water Authority
                     to develop a cooling system that utilizes recycled or "grey" water instead
                     of fresh water. Highly innovative and used by Microsoft in San Antonio
                     in 2008.70




                                                                                                                   16
                                                                              Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                          Infrastructure
Infrastructure: Erie Region
Regional Infrastructure Unlikely Sufficient to Support Data Center
Industry

Executive Summary:
Aside from the City of Erie, it is likely the greater Erie Region lacks the necessary infrastructure
and connectivity to support a regional data center according to analysis of various regional
broadband and fiber optic maps and regional connectivity data. Compared to broadband maps
detailing the infrastructure surrounding existing data centers in Scranton and Reading,
Pennsylvania, it is likely Erie lacks the regional integration necessary to serve as a data center for
the greater Erie, Crawford, Warren, Chautauqua, and Ashtabula county areas. Additionally, there
is currently little investment being made to upgrade and expand existing broadband infrastructure
surrounding the City of Erie. However, despite these current infrastructural challenges, it is
likely long term planning will result in a more connected Erie which would be more likely to
support a data center industry.

Discussion:
 According to broadband data supplied by the Federal Communications Administration, Erie
 County households have access to broadband at a rate of 99%. However, availability rates
 surrounding Erie county are much lower, ranging from 78%-81% (see Bandwidth Map).71
 Additionally, while the City of Erie is vastly connected internally (see Local Fiber Map), there
 are many municipalities in the county that lack broadband services; specifically areas south of
 Union City, east of Cambridge Springs, and surrounding the City of Corry have little or no
 access to DSL broadband services.72 Expanding out of Erie County, the amount of DSL service
 is also lacking creating “dead areas” in Crawford and Warren counties. Furthermore, the fiber
 optic lines in the Erie Region are one-way without any inter-area connections (see Fiber Map
 1).

  In contrast to the Erie region, the access to DSL broadband in other Pennsylvania cities with
  data centers, Reading, Scranton and the areas of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia, likely have
  advanced integration capabilities (see Data Center Map). These regions have integrated fiber
  optic lines with other counties resulting in fewer “dead areas.” Fiber optic lines in Scranton
  “loop” with interconnection sites. Reading also has fiber optic lines that travel in multiple
  directions between several “hubs.”73 Additionally the access to DSL broadband services is
  better in the areas surrounding existing data centers. For example, surrounding the Reading
  data center every county has either 100% or 99% access to broadband with speeds of over
  4mbps.74

  In addition to a relative lack in existing infrastructure, it is likely the Erie region also lacks in
  broadband infrastructure investment compared to other areas with data centers. According to
  FCC data the investment gap in broadband infrastructure in Erie county is approximately USD
  1.2 million, smaller than the approximately 1.6 million gap in the Scranton area. However, the


                                                                                                          17
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                       Infrastructure
counties surrounding Erie have larger investment gaps, ranging from USD 5.6 million to 10.6
million (see Investment Map) than the areas surrounding cities with data centers. The
investment gaps around Scranton range from only USD 100,000 to 11.3 and there are little if
any investment challenges in the greater Pittsburgh and Reading areas.

Furthermore, fiber optic lines in the Erie Region are one-way without any inter-area
connections (see Fiber Map). In contrast, areas surrounding data centers in the New York-
Pennsylvania-Ohio area have some degree of inter-connectivity. The exception is Binghamton
which serves as a connection point from Buffalo to the Eastern side of New York and
Pennsylvania. It is likely this inter-connectivity or “weaving” of fiber line that allows for and
drives the growth and development of data centers.75

Yet, despite these current regional infrastructural challenges, the fact remains that Erie is likely
the major hub for rural Western Pennsylvania. With the growing use of data and increased
laying of fiber line as part of the National Broadband Plan76 (Connecting America) in the long
term a strategically located data center in the Erie Area could likely exist and would in the
long-term have the access to the necessary fiber optic and DSL cable lines a data center
requires for industry expansion.77




                                                                                                         18
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                      Infrastructure
Infrastructure: Western New York
Western New York's Broadband Infrastructure High Likely to expand;
Rural/Urban Divide Likely to Remain in Short Term

Executive Summary:
It is highly likely New York State broadband infrastructure will greatly expand over the next
three to five years. A strong intra-state initiative further enhanced by federal stimulus money
makes New York a leader in the broadband expansion movement. New York is already spending
federal money on broadband development and has set funds for both infrastructure development,
expansion, and mapping. It is likely Western New York (WNY) will expand broadband in the
future due to government effort toward improvement; the current infrastructure is still "spotty"
with large portions of WNY without access to local broadband.

Discussion:
 The corner stone of New York's broadband strategic initiative is the expansion and creation of
 broadband services across the state. In Executive Order No. 22,78 issued in January 2008,
 Governor David Paterson clearly defines New York's commitment to broadband proclaiming,
 "New York State recognizes the importance of universal deployment of broadband to ensure
 the welfare of New York's citizens and economy."79 In addition to articulating the importance
 of broadband services, Executive Order 22, established the framework for an extensive and
 significant financial investment into broadband development for Western New York (WNY).80
 Currently, Ontario County, New York is touted as the ideal model for broadband expansion
 that focuses on local, state, and federal integration.81

 The current broadband network will expand by over 1,300 miles reaching more than 250,000
 residential homes and 36,000 business.82 While expanding services is the goal of the program,
 New York is also mapping the current infrastructure of the state. The New York State Office of
 Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructure Coordination (CSCIC) is currently heading an effort
 which utilizes federal funds to map the critical infrastructure using Geographic Information
 Systems (GIS) resources.83 Current infrastructure include current and future broadband lines.84
 However, the maps featuring broadband lines are not yet completed. Once these maps are
 completed, it is highly likely the State of New York as well as private interests will have access
 to an integrated "one stop shop" to view and assess the infrastructure and connectivity of New
 York.

 In addition to federal money the State announced 22 state funded grants totaling USD 775
 million for broadband expansion.85 While not all of this money will go directly to expanding
 infrastructure, it is likely grants indicate a lasting commitment to high speed internet and
 expanding connectivity (see New York State Broadband Funding).86 Despite the desire to
 expand broadband services, it remains highly likely that there is a large disparity between rural
 and urban broadband availability in the state. For example, according to the 2009 Broadband
 Council Annual Report,87 major urban areas have download speeds of over 10 mbps, while


                                                                                                      19
                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Infrastructure
rural areas average download speeds of less than 6 mbps.88 Further disparity between rural and
urban New York, only 2% of urban residents did not cite lack of availability of broadband as a
reason for not having the services.89 In contrast, 11% of rural residents claimed broadband was
not available to them. In addition to a rural/urban divide, New York is also 1% below the 78%
national average for broadband subscription rates.90 The State ranks in the 3rd quadrant of
Digital Economic Competitiveness according to the 2008 State New Economy Index.91

While the gap between rural and urban broadband availability will likely decrease over the
next three to five years, a majority of WNY is considered rural and will likely lag behind the
rest of the state in connectivity and broadband access. For example, based on an analysis of
specific county broadband maps it is likely that a majority of Western New York, following the
implementation of the broadband plans detailed in Executive Order 22,92 will not have
broadband DSL access of between 75%-100%, as Executive Order No. 22 demands.93 Rather,
a great majority of the Western New Yorkers will be served by cable modem services. For
example, according to the Chautauqua County Predicted Wired Broadband Availability map,94
DSL services will not be available in several western townships in the county: this includes
Ripley, Mina and potions of Sherman and French Creek townships. These areas will be served
with cable modem access. This discrepancy occurs in a majority of Western New York
counties. Furthermore, the maps provided by the government are only the "predicted"
coverage, until the State completes the GIS maps of broadband infrastructure of the state. The
actual coverage areas remain unknown.

Regardless of the current DSL or cable modem service maps, Western New York's
infrastructure is likely more advanced than the greater Erie area in Pennsylvania. Analysis of a
Federal Communications Commission map, reveals all but one Western New York county
population averages 91-100 percent access rate of 4 mbps. In contrast eight Western
Pennsylvania counties have lower than 91 percent access rates; including Crawford County.95
In addition to current broadband access, Western New York also has a lower infrastructure
investment gap than Western Pennsylvania. In Western Pennsylvania every county in the Erie
area, Crawford, Warren, Forrest, Mercer, and Venango, have investment gaps of USD 1-20
million. In contrast four Western New York counties, Chautauqua, Erie, Seneca, and
Livingston have no investment gap; the remainder of the investment gaps range from USD 1-
20 million. These maps do not provide detailed images of the infrastructure, but they do
provide an excellent picture of the macro infrastructural environment in each state.




                                                                                                    20
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                          Regulations
Regulations
Data Centers Highly Likely To Be Affected By Indirect Legislation And
Self-Regulation

Executive Summary:
Though technology giants like Microsoft, Google and AT&T demand the creation of new laws
protecting consumer privacy and rights, data centers are more likely to be affected by indirect
legislation that affects the industry. Proposed carbon, water and energy reduction legislation will
likely come to pass before consumer privacy laws pertaining to internet communications and
information storage. The newly established Energy Star program is likely to lead the way in
encouraging self-policing of water and energy conservation in data centers. Large corporations
are investing in green data centers ahead of the curve.

Discussion:
 More small to large companies utilize software applications and store
 information online rather than housed internally. The advent of
 Cloud Computing96 encourages the storing and administration of
 even more services online from personal banking, to tax filing, and
 now with the new health care overhaul, medical records.97,98

 Growing concerns over identity theft and consumer complaints of
 corporations handing over private consumer information to
 government agencies led technology and telecommunications leaders
 AT&T, Google and Microsoft demand the strengthening of online
 privacy laws.99,100 Identity theft rose by 11% from 2008 to 2009
 affecting 11 million Americans and incidents continue rising
 annually.101 Under the US Patriot Act, the US government is able to
 obtain private information on consumers with little more than a letter
 and no judicial review.102 Consumer advocates argue that the
 government's vague definition of "online content" allows the
 government to monitor usage patterns rather than just direct
 communications thus allowing for more consumers to fall under               Data centers can now earn
                                                                                an Energy Star rating.
 government monitoring.103                                                   http://www.energystar.gov/
                                                                             ia/business/tools_resource
                                                                              s/new_bldg_design/DEES
 The only direct legislation likely to affect the operation of data                  _Graphic.jpg
 centers falls under the financial sector and is relatively
 inconsequential in its potential affect. The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
 issued a request to the Federal Trade Commission requesting a revision to the 1991
 Interagency Electronic Data Processing Examination, Scheduling And Distribution Policy
 which states that companies requiring federal oversight that also house their data in co-located
 data centers be included in reporting to the Federal Trade Commission.104 Since most banks,


                                                                                                          21
insurance companies, and other financial institutions house their data internally, this potential
change in regulation is unlikely to generate a large response.

On a state level, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania passed legislation in 2008 requiring the
installation of smart meters in every home and business.105 The law requires customers to cut
energy use 1% by 2011 and 3% by 2013. However, the law does not address new businesses
and, further, the law provides a loophole where electric companies have 15 years to complete
the installation of all smart meters.106

Locally, the new American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers
(ASHRAE)107 standards for data center efficiency may be written into local building codes.108
Google, Amazon, and Microsoft protest the standard since new ways of decreasing energy
consumption rapidly evolves and such building codes only serve as a means of limiting
innovation to improve efficiency over time.109

In reaction to growing customer complaints, Microsoft recommended the Cloud Computing
Advancement Act that will ensure the safety and security of the personal information Cloud
users.110 This act is an updated version of the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act
which has not been updated to reflect the new reality of the world wide web and limit the
government's ability to obtain information on consumers.111,112 Microsoft also calls for a
strengthening of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act as it specifically applies to the
Cloud.113,114

However, environmental concerns and subsequent legislation are more likely to affect data
                                                               centers in near future.115 The
                                                               amount of CO2 emissions,
                                                               electricity and water used
                                                               required to run data centers
                                                               increases exponentially every
                                                               year according to a 2007
                                                               EPA report to Congress.116 In
                                                               this report, the EPA
                                                               recommended
                                                               standardization of
                                                               performance measurements
                                                               for both centers and
                                                               hardware, the clear-housing
                                                               of information on best
                                                               practices and a public/private
               Google exhibits server efficiency.               partnership in increasing
      http://www.google.com/corporate/green/datacenters/
                                                                data center efficiency.




                                                                                                    22
                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                  Regulations
The result of this report is the creation of the Energy Star Rating system for data centers in
summer 2010.117 This system is not designed for government oversight but rather issues a
challenge to the industry to increase efficiency and earn an Energy Star rating intended for
environmentally concerned private consumers.118 A joint effort from the EPA and the
Department of Energy led to the creation of standardization metrics by which to measure data
center efficiency nationwide.

Large corporations, however, responded ahead of government action and Google, IBM, HP,
and YAHOO led a self-policing effort to increase the "greening" of data centers.119,120 The
approach by Google focuses on more efficient servers and the use of recycled water, whereas
IBM promotes more efficient data center design.121,122,123 HP focuses on strategic location,
such as the North Sea placement of a data center in England which utilizes arctic wind for data
cooling and YAHOO built a data center at Niagara Falls, New York which uses
hydroelectricity to power its center.124,125

The proposed Cap and Trade system by US President Barak Obama will indirectly impact data
centers in that imposed requirements for not only cutting emissions, but instituting monitoring
and reporting mechanisms which increase administrative costs.126,127,128

This growing trend in self-policing is likely to continue and while current results do not
indicate a decrease in energy consumption, the effort put forth by the larger corporations will
likely slow down the need/demand for government regulation directly pertaining to data
centers.129




                                                                                                  23
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                       Competitors
Competitors
Pennsylvania Data Center Locations
Local:
DNS130
3250 West Lake Road
Erie, PA 16505-3691
(814) 838-5151
(814) 838-5151
DNS is extremely low volume data center where the major competencies are: software
development, business accounting & operation software (ERP and CRM software) and
commercial hosting. The facility is less than a 1000 sq ft.

VolumeDrive131
422 Prescott Ave
18510 Scranton
Pennsylvania, USA
VolumeDrive is located in the area Scranton, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 22-05-2009.




Ascent Data132
90 Beta Drive
15238 Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 110,000
EEs: 2
YIB: 1
Ascent Data is located in the area Pittsburgh, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 09-12-2009.
Below you can see a list of providers who have fiber presence in this data center, which can be
helpful if you need dark fiber, point to point ethernet, MPLS or other related services to/from this
facility.
Fibertech Networks133
AT&T Inc.134
Verizon Communications Inc.135
DQE Communications136




                                                                                                        24
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Competitors
Switch & Data Pittsburgh137
100 South Commons, Suite 126
15212 Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 2.5-5 million
EEs: 5-9
Switch & Data Pittsburgh is located in the area Pittsburgh, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.




TeraSwitch Networks Inc.138
1016 North Lincoln Ave
15233 Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, USA
TeraSwitch Networks - DC1 is located in the area Pittsburgh, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 16-07-2009.

Cogent Communications, Inc.139
650 Smithfield
15222 Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: less than USD 500,000
EEs: 1-4
YIB: 5
Cogent Pittsburg is located in the area Pittsburgh, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.

Expedient Communications140
810 Parish Street
15220 Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 10-20 million
EEs: 50-99
Expedient Communications - Pittsburgh is located in the area Pittsburgh, USA (America), and
the colocation data center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-07-2008.
Expedient can help. Expedient delivers high-availability eBusiness hosting and managed data



                                                                                                      25
                                                                           Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                       Competitors
center services in a state-of-the-art 25,000 square foot facility in Pittsburgh and its cutting edge
facility in Cleveland. These world-class facilities combines unparalleled power redundancy and
outstanding security with a hardware, software and communications infrastructure that leverages
leading technologies from companies like CheckPoint, Cisco, Hewlett Packard, Lucent,
Microsoft, Micromuse, Oracle, StorageTek and Sun Microsystems.


Baltimore Data Center (Datapoint)
1050 Hull Street, Suite 150
                                  Indianapolis Data Center (nFrame)
Baltimore, MD 21230
                                  701 Congressional Blvd., Suite 100
Boston Data Center
                                  Carmel, IN 46032
1 Cabot Rd
                                  Pittsburgh Data Center - ACM
Medford, MA 02155
                                  1 Allegheny Center
Cleveland Data Center - NEO 151
                                  Pittsburgh, PA 15212
15166 NEO Park
                                  **Pittsburgh Data Center - Green Tree**
Cleveland, OH 44128
                                  810 Parish Street
Cleveland Data Center - NEO 152
                                  Pittsburgh, PA 15220
15248 NEO Park
Cleveland, OH 44128



Distributed Systems Services, Inc.141
One Meridian Blvd
19610 Wyomissing
Pennsylvania, USA
DSS Data Center is located in the area Reading, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 23-04-2008.

Switch and Data Facilities Company, Inc.142
3701 Market St, 5th floor
19104 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
Switch & Data Philadelphia Market is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.

Cross Connect Solutions143
401 N Broad Street
19123 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
Cross Connect Solutions is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 21-03-2009. This data center is
located within **Terminal Commerce Building**.144



                                                                                                       26
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                      Competitors
ASN Carrier                              IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
174 COGENT /PSI
17185 EXATT-1 Exatt Communications, Inc.

Digital Edge145
401 N Broad Street
19123 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
DE Philly is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 24-05-2010. This data center is located
within **Terminal Commerce Building**.146
Digital Edge is a highly-specialized technology organization focused on supporting back-end
technology services within datacenters. Our company is designed to help clients build their IT
environments with the technical experts they need to succeed. Whether an environment is
collocated within one of our facilities or at a client’s main site, Digital Edge can help monitor,
manage and strengthen companies. One of our primary understandings is that satisfactory is just
not enough. We believe in 24/7 coverage and that any downtime can be detrimental to a
business; therefore we have ZERO tolerance for technical failures. We believe that any
technology failure results from a lack of architectural design or failure in support processes.
Therefore, our database of known industry failures and analysis is updated continually.

Level 3 Communications147
401 N Broad Street
19123 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
EEs: 10
Level 3 Philadelphia is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-10-2007. This data center is
located within **Terminal Commerce Building**.148
ASN Carrier                                      IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
22212 Internap Network Services Corporation

SunGard Availability Services149
401 N Broad Street
19123 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
EEs: 100
SunGard Philadelphia is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-10-2007. This data center is
located within **Terminal Commerce Building**.150




                                                                                                      27
                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                  Competitors
ASN Carrier                                 IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
174 COGENT /PSI
22212 Internap Network Services Corporation

Switch and Data Facilities Company, Inc.151
401 North Broad Street, Suite 990
19123 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
Switch & Data Philadelphia Broad is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-10-2007. This
data center is located within **Terminal Commerce Building**.152
ASN Carrier                                                              IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
174 COGENT /PSI
6461 Abovenet Communications, Inc
22212 Internap Network Services Corporation
23329 OA631 Open Access Inc. (website: www.openaccessinc.com )


Quonix Networks, Inc.153
2401 Locust St
19103 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 370,000
EEs: 6
YIB: 3
Quonix Networks is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 27-07-2009.
A Teir III facility supporting a 100% power and 99.999% network uptime SLA. Redundant
Glycol and backup water-cooled loops for CRAC Liebert equipment, Dual Generators, and Dual
Grid feeds. Diverse fiber entrance from all the major carriers including Level3, AboveNet,
Qwest, XO, ATT, MCI, Sprint, and Dark Fiber Provider Sunesys.

ASN Carrier                              IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
701 UUNET Alternet
17185 EXATT-1 Exatt Communications, Inc.

Savvis, Inc.154
1635 Market Street
19103 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA


                                                                                                   28
                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
Savvis 1635 Market is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-04-2009.

ASN Carrier                       IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
6461 Abovenet Communications, Inc


Digital Realty Trust, Inc.155
833 Chestnut Street
19107 Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 1-2.5 million
EEs: 10-19
833 Chestnut Street is located in the area Philadelphia, USA (America). The data center building
was last updated on 09-10-2007.




                                                                                                    29
                                                                 Erie Technology Council




                                                                                           Competitors
Pennsylvania Broadband Providers156
Telephone
Armstrong Telephone Company- PA
The Bentleyville Telephone Company (now Fairpoint Communications)
Buffalo Valley Telephone Company
Canton Telephone Company
Citizens Telephone Company of Kecksburg
Citizens Communications Service Company
Commonwealth Telephone Company
Conestoga Telephone and Telegraph Company
EMBARQ
Frontier Communications of Breezewood, Inc.
Frontier Communications- Lakewood, Inc.
Frontier Communications- Oswayo River, Inc.
Frontier Communications of Pennsylvania, Inc.
Hancock Telephone Company
Hickory Telephone Company
Ironton Telephone Company
Lackawaxen Telephone Company
Laurel Highland Telephone Company
Marianna and Scenery Hill Telephone Company (now Fairpoint Communications)
The North-Eastern PA Telephone Company
North Penn Telephone Company
North Pittsburgh Telephone Company
Palmerton Telephone Company
Pymatuning Independent Telephone Company
South Canaan Telephone Company
TDS Telecom/Deposit Telephone Company
TDS Telecom/Mahanoy & Mahantango Telephone Company
TDS Telecom/Sugar Valley Telephone Company
Venus Telephone Corporation
Verizaon- Pennsylvania, Inc.
West Side Telecommunications
Windstream Pennsylvania, Inc.
Yukon Waltz Telephone Company

Cable
Adams CATV Inc.
Armstrong Cable
Atlantic Broadband
Beaver Valley Cable Co.
Bentleyville Cable TV



                                                                                            30
                                             Erie Technology Council




                                                                       Competitors
Blue Ridge Communications
CATV Services, Inc
Citizens Cable Communications
Clarence Community Cable Company
Coaxial Cable Television Corp
Comcast
D&E Communications (CEI Networks)
Gap TV Association
Harron Communications dba Metrocast
Kuhn Communications, Inc.
NEP Datavision
North Penn Telephone
RCN
Service Electric Cable TV & Communications
Service Electric Cablevision, Inc.
Service Electric Broadband Cable
Shen-Heights TV Associates, Inc.
Time Warner Cable
Venus Telephone Corporation
Wire Tele-View Corp
Zito Media

Wireless
1USA.COM
EZ Links
CaWinet
Chilitech Internet
Clearwire dba Winbeam
Conterra
Conxx
Evenlink
KCnet Wireless
Near You Wireless
Netconex
NET connection
Raystown Wireless
Sting Communications
USA Choice Internet
Wave2Wave
Wavecrazy
Wireless PA Internet Access
World ConnX



                                                                         31
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Competitors
Western New York Data Center Locations

i-evolve157
501 John James Audubon Parkway
14228 Buffalo
New York, USA
I-Evolve Data Center is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 03-06-2009.
The company has a strong presence in Western New York but services all of North America.
Leading the industry in delivering Disaster Recovery, Network Services, Hosted VoIP, Internet
Services and E-Marketing.

Level 3 Communications158
4252 Ridge Lea Rd.
14226 Amherst
New York, USA
Ridge Lea is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data center is carrier
neutral. The data center was last updated on 24-04-2009.

Personal Computers, Inc.159
703 Washington
14203 Buffalo
New York, USA
Estimated Avenue Revenue: USD 10-20 million
EEs: 50-99
YIB: 29
PCI is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data center is carrier
neutral. The data center was last updated on 22-10-2008.

Shatter I.T.160
10 Lafayette Square
14203 Buffalo
New York, USA
Shatter I.T. is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 28-08-2009.

Centrilogic161
350 Main Street
14202 Buffalo
New York, USA
Centrilogic is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 22-07-2009.



                                                                                                      32
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                    Competitors
This data center is located within 350 Main Place.
Centrilogic provides an enterprise class datacenter environment with over 25,000 square feet of
datacenter space. Our redundant facility also offers managed services and is linked to our sister
facility in Rochester, NY which is ideal for business continuity and secondary site back up. We
offer multiple network access.

Switch and Data Facilities Company, Inc.162
350 Main St, 2ndFloor
14202 Buffalo
New York, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 1-2.5 million
EEs: 5-9
Switch & Data Buffalo is located in the area Buffalo, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.
This data center is located within 350 Main Place.
ASN        Carrier        IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
174 COGENT /PSI
701 UUNET Alternet

tw telecom163
150 Mile Crossing Blvd
14624 Gates
New York, USA
tw telecom Gates is located in the area Rochester, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 01-03-2008.
ASN ▾                       Carrier                    IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
4323 TWTC Autonomous system for tw telecom .

Centrilogic164
28 Mansfield street
14606 Rochester
New York, usa
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 2.7 millions
EEs: 30
YIB: 3
Centrilogic is located in the area Rochester, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 21-07-2009.

LogicalSolutions.net165
1100 Pittsford Victor Rd
14534 Pittsford
New York, USA

                                                                                                     33
                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
EEs: 50-99
LogicalSolutions.net is located in the area Rochester, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 11-08-2009.
 ASN                       Carrier                     IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
4323 TWTC Autonomous system for tw telecom .
16657 CYRSH-TECH Cyrsh Technologies

NaviSite, Inc.166
125 Elwood Davis Road
13212 Syracuse
New York, USA
NaviSite Syracuse is located in the area Syracuse, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.

iSafeTECH Syracuse NY
102 First Street, Suite 200
13209 Syracuse
New York, USA
iSafeTECH Syracuse, NY is located in the area Syracuse, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 02-07-2009.

tw telecom167
109 S Warren St
13202 Syracuse
New York, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 2.5- 5
EEs: 5-9
tw telecom Syracuse is located in the area Rochester, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 01-03-2008.
ASN                       Carrier                     IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
4323 TWTC Autonomous system for tw telecom .

The New York Internet Company, Inc.168
100 Williams Street
10038 New York
New York, USA
New York Internet DC1 is located in the area New York, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-04-2009.
 ASN                                Carrier                            IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
6461 Abovenet Communications, Inc
15003 NOBIS Primary aut-num for Nobis Technology Group, L..C.


                                                                                                    34
                                                                     Erie Technology Council




                                                                                               Competitors
25973 MZIMA Networks - Global AS

tw telecom169
144 Henry St
13901 Binghamton
New York, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 2.5- 5 million
EEs: 10-19
YIB: 7
tw telecom Binghamton is located in the area Binghamton, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 01-03-2008.
ASN ▾                       Carrier                     IPv4 IPv6 Ethernet
4323 TWTC Autonomous system for tw telecom .




                                                                                               35
                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
Ohio Data Center Locations

CISP170
3035 Moffat
43615 Toledo
Ohio, USA
CISP is located in the area Toledo, USA (America), and the colocation data center is not carrier
neutral. The data center was last updated on 18-02-2008.
EEs: 1-4

BlueBridge Networks171
LLC 1255 Euclid Ave, Fifth Floor
44115 Cleveland
Ohio, USA
BlueBridge Networks is located in the area Cleveland, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 27-11-2009.
BlueBridge Networks is a leading data center hosting and managed service provider, delivering
reliable, scalable, and secure solutions for our customers’ mission-critical data.
We offer an array of state-of-the-art services, including data center hosting, managed security,
managed storage, compliance and disaster recovery, providing a complete solution to our clients.
We deliver real benefits to your business by protecting your assets and resolving your service
interruptions quickly, ultimately minimizing your downtime, improving efficiencies, and
reducing costs.




Cogent Communications, Inc.172
1621 Euclid Ave, 2nd floor
44115 Cleveland
Ohio, USA
Cogent Cleveland is located in the area Cleveland, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-10-2007.
This data center is located within Keith Building.
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 1-2.5 million
EEs: 5-9




                                                                                                    36
                                                                       Erie Technology Council


Fidelity Voice and data173




                                                                                                   Competitors
1621 Euclid Ave, 7th floor
44115 Cleveland
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 120,000
EEs: 3
Fidelity Voice and Data is located in the area Cleveland, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 08-10-2009.
This data center is located within Keith Building.




B-Telecom Inc.174
Corporate Drive / 12875
44130 Parma
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 790,000
EEs: 11
YIB: 8
BTI Parma is located in the area Cleveland, USA (America), and the colocation data center is not
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 09-10-2008.

Expedient Communications175
15166 NEO Parkway
44128 Cleveland
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 500,000
EEs:1-4
Expedient Cleveland is located in the area Cleveland, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 28-04-2010.
Regionally Diverse Carrier Capacity:
       Expedient
       AT&T
       Level (3)
       XO
       Time Warner Cable Business Class



                                                                                                    37
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
*One Community
*Intellifiber
Available Services:
     Business Continuity
     Colocation
     Managed Backup
     Managed Network Services
     Managed System Services
     Monitoring

Cincinnati Bell Technology Solutions (CBTS)176
784 Forrest Hill St.
45040 Mason
Ohio, USA
EEs: 15
CBTS Mason Data Center is located in the area Akron Canton, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 26-02-2010.

DRS177
1343 Belmont Avenue
44504 Youngstown
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 5-10 million
EEs: 20-49
DRS Younstown North Datacenter is located in the area Youngstown, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 22-07-2009.
DRS' Youngstown North Datacenter offers over 4000 sq/ft of raised floor datacenter space,
redundant power, redundant HVAC, Halon fire suppression, and multiple carrier redundancy.
Because of the amount of health care systems colocated in the data center, the facility receives
priority attention from the local power utility. This facility also houses the DRS NOC.
Redundant 10GBps private fiber connections link this datacenter to the Youngstown South
Datacenter, offering the unique ability to extend colocation across two facilities.




B-Telecom Inc.178
East Commerce Street/201
44503 Youngstown
Ohio, USA
BTI Youngstown is located in the area Youngstown, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 09-10-2008.




                                                                                                    38
                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                  Competitors
The Karcher Group179
5590 Lauby Rd
44720 North Canton
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 5-10 million
EEs: 20-49
The Karcher Group is located in the area Akron Canton, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 04-03-2008.
Connectivity: currently a full DS3 with redundancy through XO and AT&T

SecureData 365180
4726 Hills and Dales Rd. NW
44708-1512 Canton
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 460,000
EEs: 7
YIB: 2
SecureData 365 is located in the area Canton, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 02-07-2009.
services include: Co-location, Managed Operation, Virtual Computing, and specialized Business
Solutions

DataCenter.BZCeraNet DC1181
535 Scherers Court
43085 Worthington
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 250,000
EEs: 6
SCG Services is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-09-2008

CeraNet, Inc.182
826 Morrison Road
43230 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 500,000- 1 million
EEs: 1-4
YIB: 14
CeraNet, Inc. is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data center is
not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 27-05-2008.

Patrick Solutions Inc.183
955 W. Third Ave


                                                                                                   39
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
43212 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 300,000
EEs: 2
YIB: 7
Patrick Solutions is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 10-03-2010.

tw telecom184
345 N. 2nd St.
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
tw telecom Columbus OH #2 is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-02-2008.



Cogent Communications, Inc.185
240 N 5th Street
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Cogent Columbus is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is not carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.

Citynet, LLC186
251 Neilston St.
43219 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 500,000
EEs: 1-4
YIB: 8
Citynet Columbus is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the collocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 13-10-2007.

BlueMile, Inc187
226 N. Fifth St.
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
YIB: 6
Bluemile Columbus DC is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the co-location
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-02-2008.
This data center is located within 226 North Fifth Street.



                                                                                                    40
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                    Competitors
Level 3 Communications188
226 North Fifth Street
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Level 3 Columbus is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.
This data center is located within 226 North Fifth Street.




tw telecom189
226 N 5th St
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
tw telecom Columbus OH #1 is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-02-2008.
This data center is located within **226 North Fifth Street**.




Bresco Broadband, LLC190
180 E. Broad Street
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 500,000- 1 million
EEs: 1-4
YIB: 10
Bresco Broadband is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 28-07-2008.



iBeam Solutions LLC191
101 East Town Street
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 2.5- 5 million
EEs: 10-19
YIB: 3
iBeam Solutions is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 12-02-2009.



                                                                                                    41
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
iBeam Solutions, LLC has a 10,000 sq. ft, fully redundant Tier-4* N+1 rated data center

Datacenter 101, LLC192
101 E. Town St.
43215 Columbus
Ohio, USA
EEs: 1-4
Datacenter 101, LLC is located in the area Columbus, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 14-12-2009.
Datacenter 101, LLC has a 10,000 sq. ft, fully redundant N+1 rated data center

tw telecom193
1 S Main St
45402 Dayton
Ohio, USA
tw telecom Dayton is located in the area Dayton, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 01-03-2008.




Cincinnati Bell Technology Solutions194
4433 Tree Top Way
45036 Lebanon
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 1-2.5 million
EEs: 1-4
CBTS Lebanon Data Center is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation
data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 26-02-2010.

Cincinnati Bell Technology Solutions195
123 Pine St
45011 Hamilton
Ohio, USA
CBTS Hamilton Data Center is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 26-02-2010.

Peak 10, Inc.196
5307 Muhlhauser Rd
45011 Hamilton
Ohio, USA
Peak 10 Cincinnati is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 08-10-2009. 22,000 Square Feet


                                                                                                     42
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Competitors
tw telecom197
9490 Meridian Way
45069 West Chester
Ohio, USA
tw telecom Cincinnati is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-02-2008.




Cincinnati Bell Technology Solutions198
55 Miners Way
45249 Blue Ash
Ohio, USA
CBTS Gold Coast Data Center is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 26-02-2010.

Hot Site Data Center199
2300 Montana Ave
45211 Cincinnati
Ohio, USA
Hot Site Data Center is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 29-10-2008.

Cincinnati Bell Technology Solutions200
1 Main St.
45202 Cincinnati
Ohio, USA
CBTS Cincinnati Data Center is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the
colocation data center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 26-02-2010.

Level 3 Communications201
400 Pike Street
45202 Cincinnati
Ohio, USA
Level 3 Cincinnati is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation data
center is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 07-10-2007.

Profitability.net202
302 West Third Street
45202 Cincinnati
Ohio, USA
Estimated Annual Revenue: USD 1-2.5 million
YIB: 8


                                                                                                    43
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                    Competitors
Profitabilitynet is located in the area Cincinnati, USA (America), and the colocation data center
is carrier neutral. The data center was last updated on 16-10-2007.




                                                                                                     44
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                   Funding Incentives
Funding Incentives

Federal
Incentives/Grants/Funding
A $7.2 billion federal stimulus initiative aims to expand broadband access and speed up the
modem's extinction in rural areas. The Commerce Department's National Telecommunications
Information Administration (NTIA) and the Agriculture Department's Rural Utility Service, each
landed billions from the Recovery Act to fund new broadband infrastructure projects.203
     The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, also known as the “Stimulus
       Bill,” allocated billions of dollars in funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency,
       energy storage, and other projects under the energy and climate change umbrella. Of the
       vast sums of money, USD 16.8 billion goes to the US Department of Energy's Office of
       Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.204 Which will likely be allocated as follows:205
            o $5 billion for the Weatherization Assistance Program
            o $3.1 billion for the State Energy Program
            o $3.2 billion for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants
            o $2.5 billion for Applied Research, Development, Demonstration and Deployment
               including:
                    $800 million for Biomass
                    $400 million for Geothermal
                    $50 million for Information and Communications technology
            o $2 billion for Advanced Battery Manufacturing Grants
            o $400 million for Transportation Electrification
            o $300 million for an Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program and ENERGY
               STAR®
            o $300 million for an Alternative Fueled-Vehicles Pilot Grant Program
     Another $4.5 billion in direct spending on smart grid demonstration projects will be
       overseen by DOE’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. 206
            o Energy efficiency for hardware207
            o Smart grid efficiency208

Pennsylvania secured $99.6 million in federal stimulus funds to complete the Pennsylvania
Research and Education Network project, designed to help build a broadband network through
the state's most rural areas in February 2010.209

Infrastructure Grants from the Recovery Act Involving Area of Operations
This project provides last mile to areas surrounding Erie County including 32 counties in the
east-west corridor of PA north of Interstate 80 including Titusville and Dubois. Project value:
USD ~ 28million.210

This project will provide last mile to low population rural communities in the northeastern Ohio
and northwestern PA areas, including Erie County. Zito Media Communications received the



                                                                                                      45
                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Funding Incentives
USD~6.6million contract in 2010. According to the project summary,211 the contract brings a
935 mile fiber ring to low income and rural homes and businesses.212

PA Research and Education Network (PennREN)213

Brownfield Initiatives
The US Environmental Protection Agency has a Brownfields Program to provide direct funding
for a brownfield's assessment, cleanup, revolving loans, and environmental job training.214
Grants available through the EPA include:
     Area-Wide Planning Pilot Program215
           o The grant funding and direct assistance (through Agency contract support) will
               result in an area-wide plan which will inform the assessment, cleanup and reuse of
               brownfields properties and promote area-wide revitalization.
     Assessment Grants216
           o Assessment grants provide funding for a grant recipient to inventory, characterize,
               assess, and conduct planning and community involvement related to brownfield
               sites.
     Revolving Loan Fund Grants217
           o The purpose of Revolving Loan Fund Grants is to enable States, political
               subdivisions, and Indian tribes to make low interest loans to carryout cleanup
               activities at brownfields properties.
     Cleanup Grants218
           o Cleanup grants provide funding for a grant recipient to carry out cleanup activities
               at brownfield sites.
     Job Training Grants219
           o Job Training Grants are designed to provide funding to eligible entities, including
               nonprofit organizations, to recruit, train, and place, predominantly low-income
               and minority, unemployed and under-employed residents of brownfields-impacted
               communities with the skills needed to secure full-time, sustainable, employment
               in the environmental field and in the assessment and cleanup work taking place in
               their communities.
     Training, Research, and Technical Assistance Grants220
           o Training, Research, and Technical Assistance Grants provide funding to eligible
               organizations to provide training, research, and technical assistance to facilitate
               brownfields revitalization.
     Targeted Brownfields Assessments221
           o The Targeted Brownfields Assessment (TBA) program is designed to help states,
               tribes, and municipalities–especially those without EPA Brownfields Assessment
               Pilots/Grants–minimize the uncertainties of contamination often associated with
               brownfields.




                                                                                                         46
                                                                           Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                        Funding Incentives
State
The Northwest Commission administers several loan programs provided through the state and
federal governments that are designed to stimulate the expansion of small companies located
within the eight-county Northwest Pennsylvania region.222 Eligible uses include:223
     Land acquisition, preparation and associated expenses
     Building acquisition, construction, or renovation
     Machinery and equipment purchases (new or used) and related expenses
     Working Capital (major expansions only)

Pennsylvania offers the Keystone Opportunity Zone that gives a business the opportunity to
develop land with reduced state and local tax rates.224 Binding ordinances and resolutions were
passed granting the waiver, abatement or exemption of certain state and local taxes. Depending
on the situation, the tax burden may be reduced to zero through exemptions, deductions,
abatements, and credits for the following:225
     State Taxes: Corporate Net Income Taxes, Capital Stock & Foreign Franchise Tax,
        Personal Income Tax, Sales & Use Tax, Bank Shares and Trust Company Shares Tax,
        Alternative Bank and Trust Company Shares Tax, Mutual Thrift Institutions Tax,
        Insurance Premiums Tax
     Local Taxes: Earned Income/Net Profits Tax, Business Gross Receipts, Business
        Occupancy, Business Privilege and Mercantile Taxes, Local Real Property Tax, Sales and
        Use Tax

Pennsylvania's Office of Community Revitalization & Local Government Support promotes
policies and initiatives that foster a climate of environmentally sound, sustained economic
growth to encourage the voluntary cleanup and reuse of contaminated commercial and industrial
sites.226,227
     The Land Recycling Program allows an owner or purchaser of a brownfield site to choose
         any one or combination of cleanup standards to guide the remediation.228
              o By meeting one or a combination of the background standard, the statewide health
                 standard or the site-specific standard, the remediator will receive liability relief
                 for the property.
     The Brownfield Action Team is responsible for expediting the remediation, reclamation,
         reuse and redevelopment of brownfields and abandoned mine lands for locally identified
         high priority redevelopment and reuse projects. This team manages and coordinates
         remediation program development activities, permitting procedures and funding efforts
         related to redevelopment projects through matrix management of both central office and
         regional office directors.229

Local
Local Economic Revitalization Tax Assistance provides a 50% abatement for all new,
commercial/industrial improvements, with additional abatement for job creation for a 10 year
period, a 5 year 90% abatement for all additions/alterations to existing structures.230



                                                                                                          47
                                                                                             Erie Technology Council







                                                                                                                                  Funding Incentives
      Business and Industry will receive a 50% tax break for a 10-year period for all such
      physical improvements throughout the City.
     Business and Industry will receive an additional tax break of 10% to 40%, depending on
      the number and salaries of jobs created; Full details on the job creation process will be
      provided upon request.




          Local Economic Revitalization Tax Assistance created a target area for tax assistance in residential regions of Erie.
    http://www.lawofrenewableenergy.com/2009/03/articles/stimulus-bill-funding-for-data-center-and-telecom-technology-energy-
                                   efficiency-smart-grid-enhanced-geothermal-systems-and-more/




                                                                                                                                    48
                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Funding Incentives
Economics
Cloud Computing
Cost savings (54 percent) are still the primary motivation behind the adoption of cloud based
services.231
Benefits of cloud computing include its ability to make an enterprise better prepared to react and
respond to unexpected changes-or to easily add-on new services as needed.232
     Results to a Mimecast Cloud Computing Adoption Survey indicated:
             o 49 percent indicate agility/scalability as a main reason for moving services to the
               cloud
             o 39 percent rate efficiency as a key reason to move to cloud
             o 36 percent favor the streamlined administration of cloud computing

70 percent of companies already using cloud computing solutions are planning on moving
additional applications to the cloud-and a majority of them are looking to do so in the next 12
months.233
     This is supported by multiple sectors:
            o 81 percent- legal
            o 77 percent- retail
            o 75 percent- government
            o 74 percent- technology
            o 72 percent- health care
            o 68 percent- financial services

The investments made in current IT infrastructure and worries about integration prevent
companies from taking the next step toward cloud computing.234
    Such concerns include:
          o Perceived security flaws
          o Current existence of infrastructure investments
          o Integration process
          o Cost

The top three industries adopting cloud computing solutions are:
    Technology
    Financial Services
    Legal

The most valuable cloud computing solutions include:
    email
    CRM systems




                                                                                                     49
                                                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                     Funding Incentives
Jobs
    not a source of large increase in jobs (Yahoo Data Center in Lockport, NY contributed to
         125 jobs, not including construction) -- Area_Development_Data_Centers.pdf
             o Microsoft facility is over 450,000 square feet in size. Tens of thousands of
                computers are stored in racks in five 12,000-foot clusters. The site employs about
                75 people.235
    HP increased automation in its IT services and announced it will be eliminating 9,000
         data center jobs 6/1/10.236
    Data center salaries remain flat.237
    IT security jobs on the rise in number and in salary. 238
    Slowed IT staffing linked to slower innovation.239
    Data center jobs downturn may be turning a corner.240
Pennsylvania is # 2 in the nation for clean energy jobs but is losing jobs at a rate of -.4% per
year.241


News
Guilford, NC: possible site for data center. Unnamed company investing $400 Million and up to
150 jobs.242
    Seeking road, water and sewer incentives from county.
    Other possible site is Des Moines, Iowa.




                                                                                                       50
                                                                                               Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                           Data Retention
Data Retention




      Network Intelligence experiences for a typically active Fortune 500 corporation generating 250,000 events per
                                second, which required 780 terabytes of storage in 2005.
            Source: http://www.netutils.com/documentation/EnVision/WhitePapers/informationLifecycle.pdf

Medical/Doctor Facilities
                                                                                                           Years
Type of Care
                                                                                                           Retained
Medical records in hospitals, clinics, home health agencies, psychiatric hospitals
and specialized providers participating in Medicare and Medicaid, in their
                                                                                                           5
original or legally reproduced form, with authenticated and dated entries
sufficient to justify the diagnosis and treatment provided.
Medical records in rural health clinics participating in Medicare and Medicaid.                            6
Medical record transactions covered by the Health Insurance Portability and
Accountability Act (HIPAA), including authorizations for information
disclosures, patient requests for access to records, requests for amendment,
                                                                                                           6; 2 after
requests for accounting of disclosures, requests for additional protections or
                                                                                                           patient death
confidential communications, complaints about practices, records of workforce
training on information practices, business associate contracts, and Notices of
information practices.
Diagnostic images (such as x-ray film)                                                                     5
Disease index                                                                                              10



                                                                                                                            51
                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                  Data Retention
Fetal Heart Monitor Records                                                     10 years after
                                                                                age of majority
Master Patient Index                                                            Permanently
Operative Index                                                                 10
Patient Health (Adult)                                                          10
                                                                                Age of
Patient Health (Minor)
                                                                                Majority
Physician Index                                                                 10
Register of Births                                                              Permanently
Register of Deaths                                                              Permanently
Register of Surgicial Procedures                                            Permanently
Sources:
http://library.ahima.org/xpedio/groups/public/documents/ahima/bok1_012545.hcsp?dDocName=
bok1_012545; http://it.med.miami.edu/x1312.xml


Banks and Financial Institutions
The Basel II Accord - Affects international banks. Activity logs should be retained 3-7 years
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) - Affects financial institutions
governed by the Federal Reserve, FDIC, etc. Specifies historical retention.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - Affects entities that participate in financial institution
activities.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) - Affects healthcare industry.
Logs should be retained up to 6 years.
North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) - Affects electric power providers.
Specifies log retention for 6 months and audit record retention for 3 years.
National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (NISPOM) - Specifies log retention of
at least one year.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) - Affects US Corporations. Specifies retaining audit logs for up
to seven years.
VISA Cardholder Information Security Program (CISP) - Specifies retaining audit logs for at
least six months.
Source: http://www.sans.org/security-resources/security_plus/data_retention_ew.php
Bank statements and deposit slips . . . . . . . . 7 years.243

Education/Schools

          Education records, such as transcripts.
Education Retention: No federally-mandated period. Best practice is forever. State
          law may set a minimum.



                                                                                                   52
                                                                       Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                 Data Retention
Education Education records transactions covered by the Family Education Rights   DOEd
          and Privacy Act (FERPA) including requests for and disclosures of       (FERPA)
          transcripts.                                                            34 CFR
          Retention: As long as the student record is maintained.                 99.32
                                                                                  DOEd
          Records of education grants and other financial awards, including       34 CFR
Education documentation, statistical and financial records.                       74.53
          Retention: 3 years after submission of final report.                    34 CFR
                                                                                  80.42
Source: http://it.med.miami.edu/x1312.xml

Insurance
Insurance Records
Accident reports and settled claims . . . . . . . 6 years after
settlement
Fire inspection and safety reports . . . . . . . . 7 years
Insurance policies (after expiration) . . . . . 7 years
Source: http://www.windes.com/images/pdfs/RecordRetentionGuidelines.pdf




                                                                                                  53
                                                                  Erie Technology Council




                                                                                            Best Practices
Best Practices
2008 Statistics on North American Data Center Network Members.244
    Average computer room area: 49,000 ft2
    Average planned heat density: 65 W/ft2
    Average uninterruptible power systems capacity: 3,900 kW
    Average engine generator plant capacity: 6,100 kW
    Average annual site infrastructure operating budget: $2,800,000
    Average annual site infrastructure capital budget: $2,000,000
    Total computer roon area (90 sites): 7,100,000 ft2
    Total uninterruptible power systems capacity: 570,000 kW
    Total engine generator plant capacity: 870,000 kW
    Total active critical load electrical branch circuits: 370,000
    Total annual branch circuit churn: 67,000
    FLASH Report warnings on manufacturer product problems per year: 12
    Total Abnormal Incident Reports submitted: 440
    Total e-mail queries (surveys) submitted and answered: 61

Operations
   True Cost of Data Center Ownership Calculator245
   10 must have certifications for Data Center employees.246
         o Project Management Professional
         o Microsoft's Certified Systems Engineers
         o Cisco Certified Network Associates
         o Microsoft Certified Professionals
         o A+
         o Network+
         o Certified Information Systems Security Professional
         o Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator
         o IT Infrastructure Library
         o CompTIA Security+
   Internal Environmental Monitoring of a Data Center.247
         o Temperature: 70 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit
         o Humidity: 45% and 60%
         o Wetness: Wetness detectors strongly encouraged
         o Airflow: 10 to 13 feet per second
   10 best practices to make data centers energy efficient.248
         o optimize air management
         o right-size the design
         o optimize the central plant
         o design for efficient air handling
         o capitalize on free cooling
         o humidification systems and controls


                                                                                             54
                                                                   Erie Technology Council




                                                                                             Best Practices
       o specify efficient interruptible power supply systems and IT equipment power
           supplies
       o consider on-sight generation
       o liquid cooling of racks and computers
       o reduce standby loss of standby generation
       o improve design, operations, and maintenance processes
   The Future of Data Cooling.249
       o hot aisle containment is preferred over cold aisle
   Data Center Security for SAS70 compliance.250
       o Physical Protection: exterior perimeter walls, doors, and windows should be
           constructed of materials rated ballistic protection.
       o Protection of Physical Grounds: battering rams and physical protection barriers
           that protect the facility from intruders.
       o Bullet Resistant Glass: bullet proof or bullet resistant glass.
       o Maintenance of Vegetation: maintained for purposes of not allowing these
           elements to conceal or hide an intruder.
       o Security Systems and 24/7 Backup Power: uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
           for ensuring its continuous operation.
       o Cages, Cabinets, and Vaults: properly installed with no loose or moving
           components, ultimately ensuring their overall strength and rigidity.
       o Man Trap: should have a man trap that allows for secure access to the data center
           "floor".
   Thermal Management of Data Centers.251
   Data Center Physical Security checklist.252
       o Site Location: Natural Disaster Risks; Man-Made Disaster Risks; Infrastructure;
           Sole Purpose
       o Site Perimeter: Perimeter; Surveillance; Outside Windows and Computer Room
           Placement; Access Points
       o Computer Rooms: Access; Infrastructure; Environment; Fire Prevention; Shared
           Space
       o Facilities: Cooling Towers; Power; Trash; NOC
       o Disaster Recovery: Plan; Off-site Backup; Redundant Sight
       o Outsiders: Guards; Cleaning Staff; Service Engineers; Visitors
       o Users: Education; Policy
       o Disaster Recovery: Organizational Chart; Job Function Documentation; Cross
           Training; Contact Information; Telecommunicating; Disparate
   ASHRAE standards for increasing efficiency.253




                                                                                              55
                                                           Erie Technology Council




                                                                                     Annexes
Annex I: Data Center Maps: Pennsylvania; Western New
York; Ohio




                    Pennsylvania Data Center Hot Spots
                  Sources: http://www.datacentermap.com/




                  Western New York Data Center Hot Spots
                  Sources: http://www.datacentermap.com/




                                                                                      56
                                         Erie Technology Council




                                                                   Annexes
      Ohio Data Center Hot Spots
Sources: http://www.datacentermap.com/




                                                                    57
                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                    Annexes
Annex II: Data Center Maps: East Coast




                    East Coast Data Center locations.
                 Sources: http://www.datacentermap.com/




                                                                                     58
                                                                                          Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                             Annexes
Annex III: Erie Broadband Map




 Taken from the FCC the above map illustrates the percent of households with access to download speeds greater than 4mbps.
                                Source: http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm




                                                                                                                              59
                                                                                        Erie Technology Council




                                                                                                                  Annexes
Annex IV: Erie Regional Fiber Maps




         The above map from First Telecom Services details the fiber optic layout in the City of Erie.
           Source: http://www.hcwt.com/fiber_network_maps/Pennsylvania-fiber-network-map.pdf




           Above is a map taken from First Telecom detailing the fiber optic line currently in place.
                   Source: http://www.firsttelecomservices.com/Images/fiber-terit-map.gif

                                                                                                                   60
                                                                                    Erie Technology Council


Annex V: Pennsylvania Investment Map




                                                                                                              Annexes
        The above map taken from the FCC illustrates the investment gap in broadband infrastructure.
                         Source: http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm




                                                                                                               61
                                                                  Erie Technology Council




                                                                                            Annexes
Annex VI: Glossary

Network Attached Storage (NAS)254
Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE)255
Storage Area Network (SAN)256
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI)257
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)258
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)259
Fibre Channel260
Internet SCSI (iSCSI )261
Redundant Array of Independent (or Inexpensive) Disks (RAID)262
Local Access Transport Areas (LATA)
Local Exchange Carrier (LEC)
Interexchange Carrier (IXC)
Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS)263
Network Storage Basics264




                                                                                              62
                                                                         Erie Technology Council


Annex VII: Resources




                                                                                                   Annexes
Amazon Data Center Locations265

Google DC Locations & Data Center Secrecy266

Yahoo Data Center Discussion267

Yahoo IPs for Data Centers268

The Uptime Institute269

AFCOM270

Data Center World Expo271

Data Center News272

Data Center Map273

Green Data Center Blog274

ZDNet Smart Grid for Data Centers275

Verizon Wholsale LATA locator276

Erie Blue, Data center placement consultants277

Harvard Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness (Erie results)278

FCC Data Map on Infrastructure Gap in Erie County Compared to other PA Counties279

FCC Map Describing Ongoing Financial Investment in Infrastructure in Erie and other PA
Counties.280

Papers:
         Evolution of Data Center Environmental Guidelines. American Society of Heating,
          Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (2004).281
         Data Center Environmental Basics. Processor. 13 June 2008.282
          Building the Efficient Data Center. Dell Power Solutions. Bryan Jones and Bill Goins.
          (2010).283
          Location Factors for Data Centers. Area Development. (Aug/Sep 2009).284


                                                                                                    63
                                                                Erie Technology Council




                                                                                           Annexes
   Recession Slows Plan to Build Bunker Data Centers. CBS. (29 November 2009).285
   Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency. Environmental
    Protection Agency. (2 August 2007).286
    Pennsylvania Economic Impacts of Climate Change Full Report. University of Maryland
    Center for Integrative Environmental Research. (Sep. 2008).287
    Clean Energy Economy. Pew Charitable Trusts. (June 2009).288
    Clean Energy Economy Pennsylvania. Pew Charitable Trusts. (May 2009).289
    Reducing Data Center Energy Consumption. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating
    and Air-Conditioning Engineers. John Judge, Jack Pouchet, Anand Ekbote, and Sachin
    Dixit. (Nov. 2008).290
   Security Information Lifecycle. Data Retention of Event Logs for Compliance. (April
    2006).291




                                                                                            64
                          Erie Technology Council




                                                    Annexes
Annex VIII: Contacts




Megan Hull
mhull24@mercyhurst.edu

Kathleen Moore
kmoore80@mercyhurst.edu




                                                     65
Endnotes:
1
  http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Data+Retention
2
  http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Data+Retention
3
  http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Data+Retention
4
  http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Data+Retention
5
  http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USPA0509
6
  http://www.networkworld.com/community/node/61877
7
  http://news.opb.org/article/6784-protestors-take-facebook-protest-facebook/
8
  http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2010/06/06/4829271.htm
9
  http://eriewater.wikispaces.com/Data+Centers
10
   http://www.tapintoerie.com/
11
   http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/datacenter/?p=112
12
   http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
13
   http://www.eweek.com/c/a/IT-Infrastructure/HP-to-Invest-1B-in-Services-Cut-9000-Jobs-299847/
14
   http://www.eweek.com/c/a/IT-Infrastructure/HP-to-Invest-1B-in-Services-Cut-9000-Jobs-299847/
15
   http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
16
   http://www.serverwatch.com/career/article.php/3874511/Salaries-for-Data-Center-Jobs-Stay-Flat
17
   http://www.serverwatch.com/career/article.php/3874511/Salaries-for-Data-Center-Jobs-Stay-Flat
18
   http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
19
   http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
20
   http://www.backupreview.info/2010/02/04/mimecast-70-percent-of-companies-using-cloud-based-services-
plan-to-move-additional-applications-to-the-cloud-in-the-next-12-months/
21

http://www.cappex.com/page/collegeProfile/modularProfile.jsp;jsessionid=D7BC79E0B7DD0C54F39958C4FBE27F
27.server1?id=212601&collegeID=212601
22
   http://www.gannon.edu/programs/under/compsci.asp
23
   http://cslab103.cs.edinboro.edu/~zimmer/csci496/
24
   http://www.mercyhurst.edu/offices/career-services/
25
   http://behrend.psu.edu/academic/science/degrees/cs/index.htm
26
   http://www.cappex.com/
27
   http://www.isc.hbs.edu/aboutus.htm
28

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Harvard+Institute+for+Strategy+and+Competitiveness+%28Erie+results%2
9
29

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Harvard+Institute+for+Strategy+and+Competitiveness+%28Erie+results%2
9
30

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Harvard+Institute+for+Strategy+and+Competitiveness+%28Erie+results%2
9
31
   http://www.eriepa.com/files/publications/erie_magazine_2008-10.pdf
32
   http://www.goerie.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20100222/OPINION01/302229996
33
   http://www.isc.hbs.edu/cmp/stmap/
34
   http://www.pewglobalwarming.org/cleanenergyeconomy/Clean_Energy_Economy_Report.pdf
35
   http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
36
   http://computers.tekrati.com/research/9510/
37
   http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/article5489134.ece
38

http://www.cier.umd.edu/climateadaptation/Pennsylvania%20Economic%20Impacts%20of%20Climate%20Chang
e%20Full%20Report.pdf




                                                                                                             66
39
   http://www.allbusiness.com/companyprofile/Erie_Port_Authority/19431A3FD285551588627FDC70F69EDB-
1.html
40
   http://www.environmentalleader.com/2010/06/08/epa-launches-energy-star-label-for-data-centers/
41

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
42

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
43

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
44

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
45
   http://symposium.uptimeinstitute.com/
46
   http://news.techworld.com/green-it/3224479/green-technologies-fail-to-cut-data-centre-energy-use/
47
   http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/energy_independence/10473
48
   http://www.energyefficiencynews.com/policy/i/1450/
49

http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2999&PageID=431162&mode=2&contentid=htt
p://pubcontent.state.pa.us/publishedcontent/publish/global/news_releases/governor_s_office/news_releases/go
vernor_rendell_signs_energy_conservation_bill_to_save_consumers_millions_on_electricity__urges_legislature_t
o_pass_rate_mitigation_bill.html%20
50
   http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/environment/2010-05-24-toxic-schools_N.htm?csp=34news
51
   http://www.goerie.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20100604/OPINION01/306049998/-1/opinion05
52
   http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2009/04/09/data-centers-move-to-cut-water-waste/
53
   http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Seismic_Zones.jpg/151663587/Seismic_Zones.jpg
54
   http://www.disastercenter.com/build/seismic.htm
55
   http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Earthquake+hits+Quebec+Ontario+region/3191663/story.html
56
   http://geoscape.nrcan.gc.ca/quebec/eq_e.php
57
   http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/article5489134.ece
58
   http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/article5489134.ece
59

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
60

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
61

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
62

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
63
   http://www.environmentalleader.com/2010/06/08/epa-launches-energy-star-label-for-data-centers/
64

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
65
   http://news.techworld.com/green-it/3224479/green-technologies-fail-to-cut-data-centre-energy-use/?pn=1
66
   http://symposium.uptimeinstitute.com/



                                                                                                               67
67
     http://news.techworld.com/green-it/3224479/green-technologies-fail-to-cut-data-centre-energy-use/
68

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
69
   http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2009/04/09/data-centers-move-to-cut-water-waste/
70
   http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2009/04/09/data-centers-move-to-cut-water-waste/
71
   http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
72
   http://www.newpa.com/strengthen-your-community/broadband-initiatives/search-for-broadband/index.aspx
73
   http://www.hcwt.com/fiber_network_maps/Pennsylvania-fiber-network-map.pdf
74
   http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
75
   http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
76
   http://www.broadband.gov/
77
   http://www.broadband.gov/plan/4-broadband-competition-and-innovation-policy/#r4%20
78
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/executive%20order.pdf
79
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/executive%20order.pdf
80
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/executive%20order.pdf
81
   http://www.govtech.com/gt/759849
82
   http://www.networkworld.com/news/2010/021210-broadband-stimulus-new-york.html
83
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/2009BroadbandAnnualPreliminaryReport.pdf
84
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/2009BroadbandAnnualPreliminaryReport.pdf
85
   http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/libdev/btop/
86
   http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/libdev/btop/
87
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/2009BroadbandAnnualPreliminaryReport.pdf
88
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/2009BroadbandAnnualPreliminaryReport.pdf
89
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/2009BroadbandAnnualPreliminaryReport.pdf
90
   http://www.itif.org/files/2008_State_New_Economy_Index.pdf
91
   http://www.itif.org/files/2008_State_New_Economy_Index.pdf
92
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/executive%20order.pdf
93
   http://www.cio.ny.gov/assets/documents/Final_Broadband_Strategy_June2009.pdf
94
   http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Chautauqua+County+Predicted+Wired+Broadband+Availability+map
95
   http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
96
   http://www.infoworld.com/d/cloud-computing/what-cloud-computing-really-means-031
97

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
98
   http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/24/health/policy/24health.html
99
   http://knol.google.com/k/carl-hewitt-see-http-carlhewitt-info/intimate-personal-information-in-
client/pcxtp4rx7g1t/26#Regulating_Aggregator_Datacenters
100
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/technology/31privacy.html?hp
101
    http://www.identitytheftlabs.com/identity-theft/identity-theft-statistics-2010/
102
    http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RS22406.pdf
103
    http://craigchamberlain.com/library/forensics/Public_Law/ECPA.htm#Criticism
104
    http://www.ffiec.gov/ffiecinfobase/resources/tsp/ffi-sp-1-int_edp_exam_sched_Dist.pdf
105
    http://www.energyefficiencynews.com/policy/i/1450/
106

http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=2999&PageID=431162&mode=2&contentid=htt
p://pubcontent.state.pa.us/publishedcontent/publish/global/news_releases/governor_s_office/news_releases/go
vernor_rendell_signs_energy_conservation_bill_to_save_consumers_millions_on_electricity__urges_legislature_t
o_pass_rate_mitigation_bill.html
107
    http://www.ashrae.org/
108
    http://www.ashrae.org/publications/detail/17449



                                                                                                               68
109
    http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2010/04/12/google-microsoft-amazon-protest-data-center-standard
110
    http://blog.seattlepi.com/microsoft/archives/191795.asp
111
    http://craigchamberlain.com/library/forensics/Public_Law/ECPA.htm#Criticism
112
    http://www.usiia.org/legis/ecpa.html
113
    http://www.panix.com/~eck/computer-fraud-act.html
114
    http://blog.seattlepi.com/microsoft/library/20100120smithspeech.pdf
115
    http://www.infoworld.com/t/initiatives-and-regulations/call-arms-it-must-prepare-datacenter-regulation-802
116

http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/prod_development/downloads/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1
.pdf
117
    http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=prod_development.server_efficiency
118
    http://news.techworld.com/green-it/3226045/energy-star-launched-for-data-centre-efficiency/
119
    http://www.google.com/corporate/green/datacenters/
120
    http://whitepapers.businessweek.com/detail/RES/1257363345_609.html
121
    http://www.google.com/corporate/green/datacenters/step1.html
122
    http://www.google.com/corporate/green/datacenters/step3.html
123
    http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/greendc/
124
    http://green.yahoo.com/blog/ecogeek/1125/yahoo-data-center-will-be-powered-by-niagara-falls.html
125
    http://h10134.www1.hp.com/news/features/5138/
126
    http://www.greenm3.com/2009/04/speculating-cap-and-trades-impact-to-data-centers.html
127
    http://www.iodatacenters.com/files/press/phoenix-business-journal-io-data.pdf
128
    http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2010/02/09/how-cap-trade-may-impact-the-data-center/
129
    http://news.techworld.com/green-it/3224479/green-technologies-fail-to-cut-data-centre-energy-use/?olo=rss
130
    http://www.dnsllc.com/
131
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/scranton/volumedrive.html
132
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/pittsburgh/ascent-data.html
133
    http://www.datacentermap.com/company/fibertech-networks.html
134
    http://www.datacentermap.com/company/at-t-inc.html
135
    http://www.datacentermap.com/company/verizon-communications.html
136
    http://www.datacentermap.com/company/dqe-communications.html
137
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/pittsburgh/switchdata-pittsburgh_quote.html
138
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/pittsburgh/teraswitch-networks---dc1.html
139
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/pittsburgh/cogent-pittsburg.html
140
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/pittsburgh/expedient-pittsburgh.html
141
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/reading/dss-data-center.html
142

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/page/edit/Pennsylvania+Data+Center+Locations+?template=&responseTo
ken=0da36a82ef0534016c9c97b55900e00e4
143
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/cross-connect-solutions.html
144
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/terminal-commerce-building.html
145
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/de-philly.html
146
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/terminal-commerce-building.html
147
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/level-3-philadelphia.html
148
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/terminal-commerce-building.html
149
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/sungard-philadelphia.html
150
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/terminal-commerce-building.html
151
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/switch-data-philadelphia2.html
152
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/terminal-commerce-building.html
153
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/quonix-networks.html
154
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/savvis-1635-market.html
155
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/pennsylvania/philadelphia/833-chestnut-street.html



                                                                                                                 69
156
    http://www.imapdata.com/ve_pabb/AllProviders.pdf
157
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/i-evolve-data-center.html
158
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/ridge-lea.html
159
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/pci-nuffalo.html
160
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/shatter-it.html
161
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/centrilogic1.html
162
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/buffalo/switchdata-buffalo.html
163
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/rochester/twtc-gates.html
164
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/rochester/centrilogic.html
165
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/rochester/logicalsolutionsnet.html
166
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/syracuse/navisite-syracuse.html
167
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/rochester/twtc-syracuse.html
168
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/new-york/new-york-internet-dc1.html
169
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/new-york/binghamton/twtc-binghamton.html
170
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/toledo/cisp.html
171
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cleveland/bluebridge-networks.html
172
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cleveland/cogent-cleveland.html
173
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cleveland/fidelity-voice-and-data.html
174
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cleveland/bti-parma.html
175
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cleveland/expedient-cleveland.html
176
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/akron-canton/cbts-mason-data-center.html
177
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/youngstown/younstown-north-datacenter.html
178
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/youngstown/bti-youngstown.html
179
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/akron-canton/the-karcher-group.html
180
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/canton/securedata-365.html
181
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/scg-services.html
182
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/ceranet-dc1.html
183
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/patrick-solutions.html
184
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/twtc-columbus-oh2.html
185
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/cogent-columbus.html
186
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/citynet-columbus.html
187
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/bluemile-columbus-dc.html
188
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/level3-columbus.html
189
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/twtc-columbus-oh1.html
190
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/bresco-broadband.html
191
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/ibeam-solutions.html
192
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/columbus/datacenter-101-llc.html
193
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/dayton/twtc-dayton.html
194
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/cbts-lebanon-data-center.html
195
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/cbts-hamilton-data-center.html
196
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/peak-10-cincinnati.html
197
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/twtc-cincinnati.html
198
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/cbts-gold-coast-data-center_quote.html
199
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/hot-site-data-center.html
200
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/cbts-cincinnati-data-center.html
201
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/level3-cincinnati.html
202
    http://www.datacentermap.com/usa/ohio/cincinnati/profitabilitynet.html
203
    http://money.cnn.com/2009/08/11/smallbusiness/stimulus_billions_for_rural_broadband.smb/index.htm
204
    http://www.lawofrenewableenergy.com/2009/03/articles/stimulus-bill-funding-for-data-center-and-telecom-
technology-energy-efficiency-smart-grid-enhanced-geothermal-systems-and-more/
205
    http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/news/daily.cfm/hp_news_id=156



                                                                                                              70
206
    http://www.lawofrenewableenergy.com/2009/03/articles/stimulus-bill-funding-for-data-center-and-telecom-
technology-energy-efficiency-smart-grid-enhanced-geothermal-systems-and-more/
207
    https://e-
center.doe.gov/doebiz.nsf/d76fbc294818822885256d98006c63b6/0b37b72285cd2c7185257569006d57e6?OpenD
ocument
208
    http://www.stoel.com/showalert.aspx?Show=4919
209
    http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10110/1051750-96.stm
210
    http://www2.ntia.doc.gov/files/grantees/PA_EOCPenn_FINAL.pdf
211

http://www.recovery.gov/Transparency/RecipientReportedData/pages/RecipientProjectSummary508.aspx?Award
IDSUR=92056&qtr=2010Q1
212
    http://www2.ntia.doc.gov/files/grantees/OHPA_ZitoMedia.pdf
213
    http://live.psu.edu/tag/PennREN
214
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/grant_info/index.htm
215
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/areawide_grants.htm
216
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/assessment_grants.htm
217
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/rlflst.htm
218
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/cleanup_grants.htm
219
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/job.htm
220
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/trta_k6/index.htm
221
    http://epa.gov/brownfields/grant_info/tba.htm
222
    http://www.nwcommission.org/financing.html
223
    http://www.nwcommission.org/financing.html
224
    http://www.newpa.com/find-and-apply-for-funding/keystone-opportunity-zone/index.aspx
225
    http://www.newpa.com/find-and-apply-for-funding/keystone-opportunity-zone/index.aspx
226
    http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/ocrlgs/10305
227
    http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=552033&mode=2
228
    http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=552033&mode=2
229
    http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=552075&mode=2
230
    http://www.erie.pa.us/Departments/CodeEnforcement/DepartmentofBuilding/LERTA/tabid/285/Default.aspx
231
    http://www.mimecast.com/events-press/press-releases/article/view/70-percent-of-companies-using-cloud-
based-services-plan-to-move-additional-applications-to-the-cloud/396/
232
    http://www.mimecast.com/events-press/press-releases/article/view/70-percent-of-companies-using-cloud-
based-services-plan-to-move-additional-applications-to-the-cloud/396/
233
    http://www.backupreview.info/2010/02/04/mimecast-70-percent-of-companies-using-cloud-based-services-
plan-to-move-additional-applications-to-the-cloud-in-the-next-12-months/
234
    http://www.backupreview.info/2010/02/04/mimecast-70-percent-of-companies-using-cloud-based-services-
plan-to-move-additional-applications-to-the-cloud-in-the-next-12-months/
235
    http://blogs.techrepublic.com.com/datacenter/?p=112
236
    http://www.eweek.com/c/a/IT-Infrastructure/HP-to-Invest-1B-in-Services-Cut-9000-Jobs-299847/
237
    http://www.serverwatch.com/career/article.php/3874511/Salaries-for-Data-Center-Jobs-Stay-Flat
238
    http://www.serverwatch.com/career/article.php/3869021/Data-Center-Jobs-in-Demand-IT-Security
239
    http://www.serverwatch.com/career/article.php/3882276/Fewer-Data-Center-Jobs-Mean-Technology-Delays-
for-Enterprises.htm
240
    http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9176298/IT_Jobs_Data_Center_Hiring_Turns_a_Corner
241
    http://www.pewglobalwarming.org/cleanenergyeconomy/Clean_Energy_Economy_Report.pdf
242
    http://www.news-
record.com/content/2010/04/15/article/guilford_county_hopes_to_secure_data_center_jobs
243
    http://www.windes.com/images/pdfs/RecordRetentionGuidelines.pdf
244
    http://uptimeinstitute.org/content/view/445/362/
245
    http://uptimeinstitute.org/content/view/21/55/



                                                                                                              71
246
    http://itmanagement.earthweb.com/career/article.php/3870621/The-Top-10-IT-Certifications.htm
247
    http://www.openxtra.co.uk/articles/data-center-environmental
248
    http://evanmills.lbl.gov/pubs/pdf/aceee-datacenters.pdf
249
    http://searchdatacenter.techtarget.com/news/article/0,289142,sid80_gci1514230,00.html
250
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/3666816/SAS-70-Data-Center-Best-Practices
251
    http://impact.asu.edu/~mcn/DataCenter.htm
252
    http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/awareness/data-center-physical-security-checklist_416
253
    http://www.ashrae.org/docLib/20100303_judgefeature030410.pdf
254
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/NAS.html
255
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/FCoE.html
256
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/SAN.html
257
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/SCSI.html
258
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/Serial_ATA.html
259
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/SAS.html
260
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/Fibre_Channel.html
261
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/iSCSI.html
262
    http://enterprisestorageforum.webopedia.com/TERM/S/RAID.html
263
    http://www.protocols.com/papers/mpls.htm
264
    http://www.enterprisestorageforum.com/technology/features/article.php/947551/Network-Storage---The-
Basics.htm
265
    http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2008/11/18/where-amazons-data-centers-are-located/
266
    http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2008/03/27/google-data-center-faq/
267
    http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2008/10/06/qa-yahoo-discusses-its-data-centers/
268
    http://www.vaughns-1-pagers.com/internet/yahoo-data-centers.htm
269
    http://uptimeinstitute.org/component/option,com_frontpage/Itemid,1/
270
    http://www.afcom.com/dci_about.html
271
    http://www.datacenterworld.com/
272
    http://www.telecomramblings.com/category/datacenters/
273
    http://www.datacentermap.com/
274
    http://www.greenm3.com/water/
275
    http://www.zdnet.com/blog/gardner/smart-grid-for-data-centers-better-manages-electricity-to-slash-it-energy-
spending-frees-up-wasted-capacity/3478
276
    http://www22.verizon.com/wholesale/lookup/latalocator/0,18006,4,00.html
277
    http://www.erieblue.com/
278

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/Harvard+Institute+for+Strategy+and+Competitiveness+%28Erie+results%2
9
279
    http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
280
    http://www.broadband.gov/maps/availability.htm
281
    http://www.ancis.us/images/AN-04-9-1.pdf
282
    http://www.processor.com/editorial/article.asp?article=articles%2Fp3024%2F20p24%2F20p24.asp
283
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Building-the-Efficient-Data-Center.pdf
284
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Area_Development_Data_Centers_AugSep_09.pdf
285
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/CBS_Bunker_Data_Centers.pdf
286
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/EPA_Datacenter_Report_Congress_Final1.pdf
287

http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Pennsylvania+Economic+Impacts+of+Climate+Change+Full+Repo
rt.pdf
288
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Clean_Energy_Economy_Report.pdf
289
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/Clean_Economy_Factsheet_Pennsylvania.pdf
290
    http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/ASHRAE+efficiency+standards.pdf



                                                                                                                   72
291
      http://datacenterstudy.wikispaces.com/file/view/informationLifecycle.pdf




                                                                                 73