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					 National Conference
    RABI, 2009-10
24th & 25th September
         2009
 Presented by : Department of Agriculture,
                      Kerala
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements, Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                                1
Background

       ▪   The impact of land reforms on agriculture

           – In 1992, only 6% of rural households had nil operational
             holdings

           – Fragmented holdings rendered agriculture unviable

           – Rise of petty production economy in agriculture
           – Rise of lease land farming and the uncertainties associated
             with it




                                                                           2
Background (continued)
     ▪   Crop area unchanged but massive shift from food to cash crops


         Year   Net Sown     Total    Rice   Coconut   Tapioca    Rubber    Pepper
                  Area     cropped
                             area
     1975-76    2189       2981      876     693       327       212       108

     1995-96    2265       3067      471     914       114       449       192

     2003-04    2194       2976      287     906       111       476       207




     ▪   Barring rubber, cardamom and coffee, yield increases have been
         modest. Rice yields have increased by just over 30 percent.

     ▪   As a result, share of agriculture in GDP has declined substantially

     ▪   Food crops output has declined sharply




                                                                                     |
Background (continued)


       ▪   Stagnation or decline in prices of most agricultural
           commodities

       ▪   Resultant stagnating or decline in real incomes

       ▪   Ratio of agricultural to total work force unchanged

       ▪   Resultant sharp decline in per capita real incomes of
           agriculture dependent population

       ▪   Further compounded by high costs of cultivation (result
           of lack of economies of scale, high cost of wage labour)




                                                                      |
Current Focus
        ▪   Shift towards food grains production

              – Rice sanctuaries identified

              – Legislation enacted for conserving paddy lands

              – Targeted incentives for paddy cultivation
        ▪   State food security programme

              – launched during 2007-08

              – Allocation for 2009-2010: Rs.36 crores
              – Focus on enhancing production and productivity
              – Rice, vegetables, eggs, milk, and meat covered




                                                                 | 5
Current Focus (continued)

        ▪   Focus on enhancing returns from limited land holdings

            – Increased support for group and lease land farming
            – Popularizing cluster approach

            – Encouraging proper land management and adoption of POP
            – Raising supplementary crops like pulses, sesame, vegetables,
              tubers, groundnut in paddy fields

            – Subsidizing loans for small/marginal farmers




                                                                             6
Current Focus (continued)

        ▪   Shift towards mechanization

            – Custom Hiring Centers through local bodies

            – Centralized Agro Service Centers at the Panchayat level
            – Converging subsidies across schemes


        ▪   Strengthening marketing

            – Procurement

            – Participatory marketing (Swasraya Vipani)

            – Establishment of small processing & marketing units .




                                                                        7
Current Focus (continued)

        ▪   Peasantry welfare a key focus

            – Debt relief

            – Remunerative procurement prices
            – Comprehensive insurance
            – Commodity Safety Net

        ▪   Enhancing agricultural investment as a long term measure

            – Major areas – minor irrigation, strengthening of labs, market
              infrastructure, improving infrastructure for production of planting
              material and other inputs.




                                                                                    8
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               9
Targets and achievements for Rabi – 2008-09


                                       Area            Production
      Sl.                           (‘000 ha)         (‘000 tonnes)
                        Crop
      No.
                                 Tar.       Ach.    Tar.       Ach.
       I.     Cereals
              Rice               237       105.10   652       249.10
              Coarse Cereals     1.20       1.027   1.20       0.83
       II.    Pulses             10.20      3.13    11.73      3.29
       III.   Oil Seeds
              Ground Nut         2.20       2.20    6.66       2.18
       IV.    Commercial Crops
              Sugar cane         1.30       1.16    7.92       5.80




                                                                       10
Targets and likely achievements of Kharif 2009



                                          Area           Production
      Sl. No.               Crop       (‘000 ha)        (‘000 tonnes)
                                    Tar.      Ach.     Tar.      Ach.
        I.      Cereals
                Rice               145.00     81.00   347.55    191.97

                Coarse Cereals      2.94       2.32    2.94      2.05

        II.     Pulses              1.89       1.35    2.14      2.04

        III.    Oil Seeds

                Ground Nut          3.85       2.91    8.01      2.15

        IV      Commercial Crops

                Sugarcane           2.29       2.19   13.73      15.91




                                                                         11
Targets - Area and Production for Rabi 2009-10


                                              Target
     Sl. No.               Crop
                                     Area              Production
                                  (‘000 ha)            (‘000 tons)
        I.     Cereals
               Rice                249.00                684.60
               Coarse Cereals       1.26                  1.26

       II.     Pulses              10.71                 12.31

       III.    Oil Seeds

               Ground Nut           2.31                  6.99

               Sesamum              1.36                  8.31




                                                                     12
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               13
OVERVIEW - NFSM


       ▪   Implemented in one district in the State: Palakkad

       ▪   Amount sanctioned – Rs. 347.15 lakhs

       ▪   Amount received – Rs. 277.72 lakhs

       ▪   Area to be covered in 2009-10 - 50,000 ha

       ▪   Thirty percent increase in yield targeted




                                                                Cont….
                                                                         14
National Food Security Mission

                                                                                      Target eligible forFinancial
                                                                                                          State
                                                                                                       Amount (Rs
Sl. No.            Name of scheme                     Eligibility criteria           Physical             Lakhs)
   1    Demonstration ha
        Demonstration on improved package One demonstration of 0.4 ha at
        of practices of rice                 every100 ha area of rice.                  206               5.15
        System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Demonstration of 0.4 ha at every100
                                             ha area of rice                            150               4.5
   2    Varietal replacement of Rice         Desired SRR 33%.                        25000 Qtl.           125
   3    Nutrient management/soil ameliorants

  a.    Promotion of Micronutrients in rice   About 30% of the deficient area of
                                              district                                3600 ha             18
  b.    Application of Lime in Rice           About 30% of the acid affected soils
                                              in Targeted districts.                 10000 ha             50
  4     Seed Mini kit Programme of rice        Kits of 5 kg at every 50 ha area of
                                              rice.                                  2063 nos.             0
  5     Farmers field school                  One FFS at every 1000 ha                50 nos.             8.5
  6     Assistance for plant protection       About 10% targeted area of rice.
        chemicals                                                                    10000 ha             50
  7     Mechanization                                                                                    64.5
  8     Local initiative                                                                                  20
  9     Miscellaneous Expenditure                                                                         1.5
        Total                                                                                           347.15




                                                                                                                 15
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               16
Current Status

      ▪   Amount released for 2007-08: Rs.55.0095 crores

      ▪   Allocation for 2008-09: Rs.60.11 crores
          (Amount released Rs.30.06 crores)

      • Expenditure:
          Rs.47.34 crores for 2007-08
          Rs.19.95 crores for 2008-09
                   ▪ Allocation for 2009-10: Rs.109.10 crores
                   ▪ Releases for 2009-10: Rs. 45.79 crores
                   ▪ 2 SLSC meeting convened
      ▪   Status of C-DAP preparation
          – Completed by all districts. Reviewed by Advisor to Planning
             Commission

      ▪   Status of SAP
          ▪ Under preparation. Will be completed by December 2009.



                                                                          17
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana 2008-09
                      Agency Wise Financial Progress Report

    Sl.                                           Fund Allotted     Expenditure
                         Agency
    No.                                           [Rs. In lakhs]   [Rs. In lakhs]
    1     Agriculture Department                     667.00           677.37
    2     Animal Husbandry Department                300.00           150.00
    3     Fisheries Department                       206.00           161.30
    4     Dairy Development Department               212.00           120.00
    5     Serifed                                     43.00            14.89
    6     KAU                                        300.00           197.53
          Vegetable and Fruit promotion Council
    7                                                152.00           135.67
          Kerala
    8     KLDB                                       100.00           100.00
    9     KSPDC                                      145.00
    10    Soil Conservation                           10.00
    11    Horticorp                                   50.00            22.23
    12    KAICO                                       75.00            15.00

                                                                               Cont….   18
RKVY 2008-09 (continued)

                                                     Expenditure
      Sl.                           Fund Allotted
                           Agency                      [Rs. In
      No.                           [Rs. In lakhs]
                                                       lakhs]
      13    Minor irrigation            46.00           44.28
      14    KLDC                        58.00           9.15
      15    Soil Survey                 10.00
      16    Kerala feeds Ltd           200.00          200.00
      17    MPI                         20.00
      18    Harbor engineering         100.00
      19    Matsyafed                  146.00          107.50
      20    ADAK                       138.00           19.00
      21    FIRMA                       22.00           22.00

                          Total       3000.00         1995.91




                                                                   19
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               20
Extension Interventions
       ▪   Current focus

           – Strengthening of BTTs, FACs, FIACs

           – Improving quality of farm schools and demonstrations
           – Strengthening the research-extension interface
                 ▪ Institutionalizing pre- and post- season interface between
                 farmers, development officials and researchers
                 ▪ Providing a platform for crystallizing localized research
                 needs and a funding source for funding such research

           – Incentivizing adoption of good practices (rewards, assistance
             for adoption of practices, dissemination)

           – Sub-zoning of major agro-ecological zones
           – Comprehensive training of extension officials
               ▪ Through SAMETI and KAU
               ▪ Centre for e-learning


                                                                                21
Profile of activities during 2009-10 (continued)


             ▪   Farmers trained – 9503 nos

             ▪   Exposure visit of farmers - 3534 nos

             ▪   Kissan melas/field days/Ghosties
                 – No. of farmers participated – 11340

             ▪   Demonstrations conducted – 1895 nos

             ▪   FIGs/CIGs formed – 970

             ▪   Farm schools started – 56

             ▪   Extension personnel trained - 246




                                                         22
Expenditure details of ATMA

                                                                      (Rs. In lakhs)

    Opening balance as on 1-4-2009                              -   568.53

    Funds received from Government of India up to month in      -   Nil
    the current financial year

    Total funds available up to the month under report          -   437.67


    Actual cumulative expenditure incurred up to the month in   -   172.00
    the financial year

    Unspent balance on the last day of the month under report   -   396.53
    Amount approved by Government of India                      -   807.84
Activities of SAMETI Kerala

        ▪   Technical Support Group (TSG) formed

        ▪   No. of trainings at state level – 10

        ▪   No. of functionaries trained – 246

        ▪   Training schedule finalized for 2009-10

              – Course curriculum designed
              – Training modules and methods finalized
              – Resource persons (including reserves) identified
              – Evaluation methodology finalized




                                                                   24
Expenditure details of SAMETI
                                                                  (Rs. In lakhs)

     Opening balance as on 1-4-2009                           -   304.30

     Funds received from Government of India up to month      -   Nil
     in the current financial year

     Total funds available up to the month under report       -   304.30


     Actual cumulative expenditure incurred up to the month   -   288.63
     in the financial year

     Unspent balance on the last day of the month under       -   15.67
     report




                                                                                   25
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               26
Seed availability – Kharif 2009
      ▪   RSGP implemented for Paddy and Vegetable seeds

      ▪   RSGP (Paddy) :            3056 Qtls.

      ▪   RSGP (Vegetable) :        25000 Kgs.

      ▪   Certified seed requirement for Rabi 2009 – 80,000 qtls
            – Based on the targeted area of 2 lakh hectares
            – Seed Rate of 80 Kg/Ha and SRR of 50%
      ▪   Certified seed available with Department of Agriculture for Rabi 2009
          – 21229 qtls

      ▪   Balance of 58771 qtls: from NSC/other Government approved
          agencies

      ▪   Seed Village Programme: 50,000 Ha to be covered

      ▪   Seed Infrastructure Proposal – Proposal for an amount of Rs. 932
          lakhs has been sent to GOI for the implementation of Seed Village
          programme. Sanction received only for an amount of Rs. 506 lakhs.

                                                                                  27
Seed Treatment and Testing

        ▪   Seed treatment campaigns extensively undertaken
            – To create awareness about treatment with carbendazim
            – Brochures and leaflets popularizing seed treatment
            – Popularization through electronic media (Krishideepam)

        ▪   Training for farmers and extension functionaries - 14


        ▪   Targets for 2009-10:
            – 40,000 ha of paddy land to be sown with treated seeds

        ▪   3 Seed testing labs
            – Samples analyzed for 2009-10 – 1553 (up to 31-08-09)




                                                                       28
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, Testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               29
Requirement Vs. Allocation in Rabi 2009-10


                                           Quantity (in MT)
             Materials       Requirement       Allocation
             UREA                 68,000            68,000
             AMSO4                 3,000              3,000
             SSP                   3,000              3,000
             MOP                  70,000            65,000
             DAP                  20,000            15,000
             FACTOMFOS            80,500            68,250
             SPIC 20:20           15,000              9,750
             10:26:26             15,000              9,000
             15:15:15              6,000              3,000
             ROCKPHOS             21,000            21,000
             Other complex        11,650            90,000
             Total              313,150            355,000




                                                              30
Requirement in Rabi 2009-10 in terms of nutrients




             Nutrients        Quantity (in MT)

                N                 56,980

                P                 38,420

                K                 46,800

               Total             1,42,200




                                                    31
Fertilizer Testing

         ▪   Fertilizer Quality Control Laboratories – 2
             – Annual analyzing capacity of fertilizers: 5000

             – Fertilizer samples analyzed for 2009-10 : 1094

             – Annual analyzing capacity of organic manure: 1000

             – Organic manure samples analyzed for 2009-10: 75

             – No. of micro nutrient samples analyzed: 112




                                                                   | 32
Contents


▪   Overview

▪   Seasonal Targets, Achievements,
    Prospects

▪   National Food Security Mission

▪   Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

▪   Extension Machinery

▪   Seeds (Availability, Treatment, Testing)

▪   Fertilizers (Availability, testing)

▪   Best Practices




                                               33
Innovative new initiatives by Government of Kerala

     ▪   Kissan Abhiman – Pension scheme for paddy farmers
         – Pension scheme for farmers engaged in agriculture
         – Beneficiaries: Farmers who are engaged in agriculture for the past 10 years
           and depend on it as their sole source of livelihood

         – Should possess at least minimum 10 cents and maximum of 1 ha of paddy
           land

         – Presently given only for farmers engaged in paddy cultivation
         – Should be over 60 years of age
         – Pension @ Rs.300/month
         – An amount of Rs.25,000/- for the marriage of a daughter
         – Over 14,000 farmers enrolled presently
         – Family pension will be given to the dependent on the death of the farmer


                                                                                         | 34
Radio Kuttanad



          ▪   Community Radio Station for Kuttanad region

          ▪   Kuttanad: An ecologically fragile region in Central
              Kerala, known as its rice bowl

          ▪   Traditional Agricultural practices have helped sustain
              the ecology of the area

          ▪   However, costs of cultivation are high resulting in
              high peasantry distress

          ▪   Radio Kuttanad attempts to address issues at the
              grassroots




                                                                       | 35

				
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