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					KNOWLEDGE:.                  QUR’AN + TAFSEER:.                       THE SCIENCE OF TAFSEER:.                           {ARTICLE 08}

AUTHOR: Shaykh Zakariyya Hussainee Muhammad and Shaykh Abdur Rahman ibn Muhammad al-Mukhtaar

SOURCE: Duroos fee tafseer. Jaami`ah Islamiyyah. Issued out by The Language Institute for Level 4 students.

                                        Knowing the books of Tafseer


         Name of the book: Jaami`ul Bayaan `an Ta’weel1 aayil Qur’an.

         The author: Imamul Mufassireen, The first one to compile the knowledge of tafseer, Muhammad ibn Jareer
         at-Tabaree. He died rahimahullah 310H.

         His book: He compiled in his tafseer, the sayings of the Sahaabah and Taabi`een, and those who followed
         them. This book is regarded as the number one reference in the Tafseer of the Qur’an. All those Imams who
         came after him to write in this field of knowledge relied upon his great book as a source to benefit from.


         Name of the book: al-Jaami` liahkaamil Qur’an

         The author: al-Imaam, Abu Abdillah Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Ansaaree al-Qurtubee. He died rahimhullah

         His book: He firstly mentions the verses, and then mentions the tafseer from al-Ma’thoor [the legislative
         texts: Qur’an, hadeeth and sayings of the Sahaabah] and al-Ma`qool [the intellect]. He gave special
         attention to the rulings of fiqh along with mentioning the different madhaahib2 of the scholars of fiqh when

           Translators note: [Ta’weel] with the Mutaqaddimeen [early Salaf] actually meant tafseer. It should not be confused with
         the meaning of ta’weel when used by the Muta’akhireen [the late/ recent salaf].
           Translator’s note: [Madhaahib] is the plural form of [Madhab]. A madhab is a school of fiqh. In Islaam, there are 4 main
         schools: The Hanafee school, the Maalikee school, the Shaafi`ee school and the Hanbalee school.
different opinions arose in a certain mas’alah [issue]. He also gave priority to mentioning the different
Qiraa’aat3 as well as `Iraab of the verses. It is a detailed and lengthy tafseer.

     Ibn Katheer

Name of the book: Tafseerul Qur’an al-Adheem. It is well known as Tafseer ibn Katheer.

The author: al-Haafidh, al-Mu’arrikh [the Historian], al-Muhaddith Ismaa`eel ibn Katheer ad-Demashqee. He
died 774H rahimahullah.

His book: Is the most renowned work written in the science of Tafseer. It is regarded as the second
reference for this branch of knowledge after Tafseer at-Tabaree. His style in tafseer is that he explains the
Qur’an with the Qur’an firstly, and then by the hadeeth, and by the sayings of the Sahaabah and the Salafus
Saalih [Pious predecessors]. And his book, is simply a ‘must have’ for the student of knowledge.


Name of the Book: al-Bahrul Muheet

The author: al-Imaam, an-Nahwee [the Grammarian], al-Mufassir [the Interpretor] Muhammad ibn Yoosuf
ibn `Alee ibn Hayaan al-Andaloosee. He died 745H rahimahullah.

His book: Is regarded the number one reference for the various linguistic aspects of the Qur’an such as
I`raab4, and grammatical issues. He also concentrated on the different Qiraa’aat and the asbaabun nuzool5.

    Fathul Qadeer

The author: al-Imaam, al-Muhaddith, al-Faqeeh [the scholar of fiqh], Muhammad ibn `Alee ash-
Shawkaanee. He died 1250H rahimahullah.

His book: Is regarded an asl [foundation] in the branch of Usoolu Tafseer [the fundamentals of tafseer]. He
benefited from the works of those who were before him and added to it. His style in tafseer is that he
mentions the verses and then explains their meanings. He also mentions the various Qiraa’aat, along with
the scholars who recited them. He gave special attention to I`raab of the verses, and likewise mentions the
madhaahib6 of the Fuqahaa [scholars of fiqh] about the verses that contain legislative rulings.

   Translator’s note: [Qiraa’aat] are the different tongues of reciting the Qur’an. The Arabs at the time of the revelation
had different dialects. The Qur’an was revealed and read complementing some of these dialects.
  Translator’s note: [I`raab] is the detailed study of the words of the Qur’an to the extent that the function of every
single word in a verse is made clear.
  Translator’s note: [Asbaabun Nuzool], the specific reason that an aayah was revealed for.
  Translator’s note: Refer to footnote no. 2.