Green computing involves reducing the electricity and environmental waste while using a computer. Computers use, and often waste, resources such as electricity and paper. Society has become aware of this waste and is taking measures to combat it (Mobley 24- 34). Personal computers, monitors, and printers should comply with the ENERGY STAR plan, which was developed by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This plan encourages manufacturers to create energy-efficient devices that require little power when they are not in use. For example, many devices switch to standby mode after a specified number of inactive minutes. Do not store obsolete computers and devices in your basement, storage room, attic, warehouse, or any other location (Holmes and Marsden 24-34). Experts recommend refurbishing or recycling the equipment. Computers, monitors, and other equipment contain toxic materials and potentially dangerous elements including lead, mercury, and flame retardants. In a landfill, these materials release into the environment. For this reason, local governments are working on methods to make it easy for the consumer to recycle this type of equipment. Manufacturers can use the millions of pounds of recycled raw material in products such as outdoor furniture and automotive parts. To reduce further the environmental impact of computing, simply alter a few habits (Microsoft Word 2002 Project 2). Use computers and devices that comply with the ENERGY STAR program. Do not leave the computer and devices running overnight. Turn off your monitor, printer, and other devices when not in use. Use paperless methods to communicate. Buy recycled paper. Shop online (saves gas). Telecommute (saves gas).
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