Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-native Species Appendices by liwenting

VIEWS: 77 PAGES: 145

									Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-
Native Species
Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)




COI Job No: 288768
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native
Species
Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the
Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)
                                                            April 2009/ Job No. 567/ Version 4




Prepared for:

The COI, on behalf of its client, the Department for the
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the GB Non-
Native Species Secretariat




Creative Research Ltd         Phone: 020 8567 6974   Email: creative@creativeresearch.co.uk
43 Broadway, London W13 9BP   Fax: 020 8567 6979     www.creativeresearch.co.uk
Contents

1     QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: GENERAL PUBLIC                                                                   143
      1.1 Recruitment Questionnaire                                                                          143

      1.2 Discussion Guide                                                                                   150

      1.3 Stimulus Material                                                                                  155


2     THE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: ANGLERS                                                                      189
      2.1 Recruitment Questionnaire                                                                          189

      2.2 Discussion Guide                                                                                   194

      2.3 Stimulus                                                                                           199


3     QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: TRADE REPRESENTATIVES                                                            205
      3.1 Discussions Guides                                                                                 205


4     QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH: THE GENERAL PUBLIC                                                              212
      4.1 Structuring the Sample                                                                             212

      4.2 The Interview                                                                                      236


5     QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH: ANGLERS                                                                         265
      5.1 The Interview                                                                                      265


6     THE QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH: HORTICULTURAL RETAILERS                                                     275
      6.1 The Questionnaire                                                                                  275




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)
1          Qualitative Research: General Public
1.1        Recruitment Questionnaire
                                           Wildlife Management & INNS
 Hello, I'm ..........................from Creative Research, an independent market research company. I wonder if you would
 be interested in taking part in some market research we are conducting. It involves taking part in a discussion with
 other people like yourself, to share views and ideas. This would last for up to 3 hours. In return for your time, I can
 offer you £60 as a contribution towards your expenses.
                                                  KEY DEMOGRAPHICS

 D1 SOCIAL GRADE OCCUPATION OF HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD:

 ASK THE FOLLOWING FIVE QUESTIONS TO CLARIFY HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION:

 IF RETIRED, ASK FOR PREVIOUS OCCUPATION, IF PRIVATE            IF LOCAL AUTHORITY OR CIVIL SERVICE OR ARMED FORCES,
 PENSION RECEIVED                                               ASK GRADE/RANK
 IF SELF-EMPLOYED OR MANAGERIAL, ASK FOR NO. OF                 ASK FOR DETAILS OF TRAINING/QUALIFICATIONS
 EMPLOYEES RESPONSIBLE FOR
                                                                INDUSTRY (WRITE IN)

 NOW CODE SOCIAL CLASS

             ABC1                    1      Recruit to quota                 C2DE                   2     Recruit to quota

 Lifestage: see recruiter instructions for definitions           Ethnicity: code below

 Dependent young people              1     G1&2                  White                              1
                                                                                                            Recruit a mix
 Young independent adults            2     G3&4                  Black/Asian/Other                  2

                                                                 Children: code below the number of children the
 Families                            3     G5&6
                                                                 respondent has in each age band

 Empty Nesters                       4     G7&8                               0-12
                                                                                                          Recruit to quota
 Retired                             5     G9&10                             12-16

 Gender                                                          Circle Group number:

 Male                                1     G1,3,5,7,9                 G1         Dependent young people male ABC1

 Female                              2     G2,4,6,8,10                G2         Dependent young people female C2DE

 Age: write in and code below ____________________                    G3         Young independent adults male C2DE

 16-20                               1                                G4         Young independent adults female ABC1

 21-34                               2                                G5         Families male C2DE

 35-44                               3                                G6         Families female ABC1

 45-54                               4                                G7         Empty Nesters male ABC1

 55-64                               5                                G8         Empty Nesters female C2DE

 65+                                 6                                G9         Retired male ABC1

 Marital Status: code below                                          G10         Retired female C2DE

 Single/separated/divorced/          1
 widowed




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                         143
                                                          SCREENING

  S1.      SHOW CARD A Can I just check, do you or any of your immediate family work in any of the following
           professions or occupations?

  Market Research or Marketing           1                                                       4
                                                               Directly involved in Wildlife
  Public Relations or Journalism         2    CLOSE                                                   CLOSE
                                                               Management
  Advertising                            3

                                                               None of these                     5    CONTINUE


  S2a.     Have you ever attended a GROUP DISCUSSION           S2b.     What was the subject under discussion?
           or IN-DEPTH INTERVIEW before?

  No                                     1    GO TO Q1
                                                               IF PREVIOUS SUBJECT RELATED TO THIS
  Yes                                    2    GO TO S2b        PROJECT, THANK & CLOSE. OTHERWISE ASK Q2c

  S2c. How long ago was that?                                  S2d How many group discussions & depth interviews
                                                                   have you attended in the last 3 years?

  Less than 6 months                     1    THANK & CLOSE    1-6                               1    GO TO Q1

  More than 6 months ago                 2    GO TO S2d        7 or more                         2    THANK & CLOSE




  INTERVIEWER DECLARATION
  I DECLARE THAT THIS IS A TRUE RECORD OF A FACE TO FACE INTERVIEW WITH THE NAMED RESPONDENT WHICH WAS
  CONDUCTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INSTRUCTIONS AND THE CODE OF CONDUCT.


  SIGNATURE:_____________________________________________________________


  PRINT NAME:____________________________________________________________ DATE:_____________________________




  METHOD OF RECRUITMENT

  FROM CLIENT-SUPPLIED LISTS                          
  FROM RECRUITER’S DATABASE                           
  SNOWBALLING                                         
  FREE FOUND (In Street/House to house etc)           
  OTHER (PLEASE WRITE IN):______________________________________________________________________________




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   144
 Q1a. Are you a member or an active supporter of Animal             Y   Close
      rights organisations (such as the League Against Cruel
      Sports or Animal Aid)                                         N   Continue

 Q1b. Are you a member of…(read out)

       Animal Welfare Organisations (such as the RSPCA or
                                                                    1   Ask Q1c. & Q1d.
       Cats Protection League)

       Wildlife organisations (such as the RSPB or local wildlife
                                                                    2   Ask Q1c. & Q1d.
       trust)

       None of the above                                            3   Go to Q2a.

 Q1c. Which organisation(s) do you belong to? (list below)




 NB See recruiter instructions

 Q1d. Ask for each organisation listed in Q1c:                      Y   Close
      Are you actively involved in [name of organisation]?
                                                                    N   Continue

 Q2a Ask G1 & G2: Do your parents have or are they
                                                                    Y
     responsible for a garden?                                          Recruit to Quota
                                                                    N

 Q2b. Ask G3-10: Do you have or are you responsible for a
                                                                    Y
      garden?
                                                                        Recruit to Quota
                                                                    N




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             145
 Give Respondent Show Card B and read out

 The group discussion or interview you take part in will be audio recorded and a transcript will be
 prepared.

 This card describes how the information you provide will be used and the steps that will be taken
 to protect your confidentiality.

 Please sign below to indicate your agreement with this procedure.

 Name:_________________________________________

 Signature:______________________________________

 Date:________________________



 Occasionally, once a project is completed we may need to re-contact people who take part in a
 research study either to follow up something that has arisen or to invite them to participate in some
 research on a new topic.
 Would you be willing for us to contact you in the future, should the need arise?
                          Record contact details below
       YES     [ ]
                           Explain that you need to record the respondent's contact details so that they
                           can be contacted in the event of a change of plans (e.g. the moderator is ill)
        NO     [ ]         and also for quality control procedures. Reassure respondents that this
                           information will only be used for these purposes.


 RESPONDENT DETAILS
 REASSURE RESPONDENTS THAT NO PERSONAL DETAILS OR RESPONSES WILL BE PASSED ON TO ANYONE NOT DIRECTLY
 CONCERNED WITH THE RESEARCH.
 NAME:______________________________________________________________________
 ADDRESS:___________________________________________________________________Postcode________________________________
 PHONE NO:                               NO PHONE ( )    REFUSED NO ( )




                                            SHOW CARD A

                        Market Research or Marketing
                                Public Relations
                                  Journalism
                                  Advertising
                   Directly involved in Wildlife Management




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                  146
                      SHOW CARD B
The Data Protection Act requires that we collect and use the
information you provide to us in a manner that respects and
protects your confidentiality.

Your personal details (name, address, phone number) will not be
disclosed to anyone else without your permission other than
Creative Research, the company carrying out the research.
In most cases the recordings/transcripts will be heard/read only by the
transcriber and researchers from the research company.
The recordings/transcripts will only be listened to/read for research
purposes and only to pursue the aims of the study. Excerpts from the
recordings/transcripts may be used to illustrate the research findings.
This will always be done in a way to protect your identity (e.g. comments
will not be attributed).
The recordings/transcripts will not be used for non-research purposes,
such as promotion or direct sales activities.
In exceptional cases the recordings/transcripts will be listened to/read
by people from the client organisation working on this project. In these
circumstances, we will go through the material first to delete any
references to people's names or anything else that could identify them.
Anyone from the client organisation who listens to/reads the
recordings/transcripts will sign an undertaking that they will respect the
anonymity of those taking part. Thus, if anyone recognises you, (s)he will
immediately stop listening, watching or reading.
Any other material or information generated by you, such as ideas
written down on paper, will be subject to the same strict controls.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             147
Recruiter Instructions
This research is to do with public attitudes towards wildlife management and is being carried out
by a government department.
We are looking to recruit people to attend workshops that will last about 3 hours. During the
workshop, as well as discussing various issues, they will be given a number of tasks to do. They
don’t need to know anything about wildlife management; they will be told what it involves during
the workshop. An incentive of £60 will be paid.


Exclusions
We do not want to recruit anyone who is directly involved wildlife management (code 4 @ S1) –
Also see below about membership of animal rights and wildlife organisations.
The usual exclusions apply in terms of previous attendance at groups/depths (S2a-d).


General Quotas
      In total we are looking to recruit 10 workshops (G1-10)
      Please recruit 9 people for each workshop


Quotas
      Lifestage - each workshop must comprise people from ONE of the following lifestages, you
       will be told which lifestage you should recruit.
       G1&2 Dependent young people
           o aged between 16 and 20 – recruit a spread of ages

           o they will either be in full-time education or have left school and be working/looking for
             work – no more than 2 unemployed and they must be actively looking for work

           o they are single and living in the parental home (students may live away from home
             during term time).

       G3&4 Young independent adults

           o Likely to be aged in their twenties (you can recruit 1 or 2 in their early 30s provided
             they meet the other criteria) – recruit a spread of ages

           o they may still be in full-time education but more likely they are working/looking for
             work – please ensure at least half are working; no more than 2 unemployed and they
             must be actively looking for work

           o they are financially independent of their parents (although some may still live at
             home while saving up for a flat or house of their own)

           o they will either be single or married/living with a partner but they will not have any
             children.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             148

       G5&6 Families

           o aged anywhere from late twenties to their fifties – recruit a spread of ages

           o they all have one or more child aged 16 or under living in the family home

           o recruit a mix of young families (all children aged under 12) and older families (at
             least one child aged 12-16).

       G7&8 Empty Nesters

           o they have either never had any children or all their children are over 16 years old

           o they could be anywhere between their late 30s to late 50s – recruit a spread of ages

       G9&10 Retired

           o although some at this lifestage may have taken early retirement (no more than 3),
             the majority will have reached the State retirement age (60/65).

      Gender - the workshops are gender specific so G1,3,5,7,9 are male and G2,4,6,8,10 are
       female
      SEG – each workshop will be recruited from either ABC1 SEGs or C2DE; you will be told
       which SEG applies to your workshop.
      Ethnicity – no quotas but try to recruit 2-3 BME respondents in each workshop
      Member/supporter of an animal rights organisation – record at Q1a
           o You must NOT recruit anyone who is a member or active supporter of any animal
             rights organisations
      Member/supporter of an animal welfare and wildlife organisations – record at Q1b
       &Q1c
           o You should check to see if respondents are members of these types of organisations
             (Q1b.)
           o If they are you should record the details at Q1c.
           o If someone is a member of an organisation that represents a single species you
             MUST CHECK WITH THE OFFICE before accepting them. This does not apply to
             domestic animals e.g. if someone is a member of the Cats Protection League you
             can recruit them
           o For EACH ORGANISATION NAMED AT Q1c. you should ask if they are actively
             involved with that organisation. We are leaving respondents to decide how to
             interpret this. You should NOT recruit anyone who says they are actively involved
      Have or are responsible for a garden – record at Q2.
           o Note for dependent young people you should record if their family has a garden.
           o Each of the following workshops (5,6,7,8,9,10) should contain at least 6 respondents
             who have a garden or are responsible for a garden
           o For the Young Adults workshops (3,4) half the respondents should have or are
             responsible for a garden




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             149
      1.2       Discussion Guide
      Moderator: check the rotation schedule at the end of the guide to determine whether your workshop will be given names of
      species only (names) or names and visuals (visuals).
      Also check to see if you should use List 1 or List 2.
      Approx timings shown in lh margin


      Introduction and Warm up
10m
              Moderator introduces discussion – going to consider a range of issues relating to the
               management of wildlife in England. This will involve discussing the issues, being given
               some information to consider and carrying out a number of tasks either individually or in
               pairs
              Outlines ground rules:
                        open discussion of issues with everyone making a contribution
                        no right or wrong opinions; okay to disagree with what others say but need to
                         respect other’s views
                        discussion to be recorded – how information will be used/confidentiality
                       mobile phones switched off
              Respondents introduce one another (names, family circumstances, what they do for a
               living, how interested they are in nature/wildlife)


      Meaning of Terms
25m
              The term ‘wildlife management’ is displayed on a board and participants asked to write
               down on post-it notes anything that comes into their minds in relation to this term; they                         S1
               post their notes on the board; what the term means is discussed and group attempts to
               arrive at a definition
              A possible definition of the term is displayed and discussed
                        does this sum up what the term means to people? Any surprises?                                          S2

                        what does the term ‘wildlife’ cover? Animals and plants?All types of animals –
                         insects, snails, worms etc as well as mammals? Does it cover birds? Fish?
                        does the definition need to be modified in any way to make it clearer what it
                         means? Is it clear what vice versa means? Probe use of language/terms
              The term ‘non-native species’ is displayed on a board and participants asked to write
               down on post-it notes anything that comes into their minds in relation to this term; they                         S3a
               post their notes on the board; what the term means is discussed and group attempts to
               arrive at a definition
              A possible definition of the term is displayed and discussed
                        does this sum up what the term means to people? Any surprises?                                          S3b

                        is the term ‘alien species’ better/worse than NNS? Why?
                        do they consider the term non-native species to cover animals and plants? Does
                         it cover all types of animals – insects, snails, worms etc as well as mammals?
                        does the definition need to be modified in any way to make it clearer what it
                         means? Probe use of language/terms (e.g. species)


      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                         150
             The term ‘invasive non-native species’ is displayed on a board; participants discuss
              what they think this means? What does the term invasive’ mean in this context?                             S4a

             A possible definition of the term is displayed and discussed
                      does this sum up what the term means to people? Any surprises?
                      which of the negative impacts would you be most concerned about –                                 S4b
                       environmental, economic, societal? What about health impacts? Impact on
                       Biodiversity?
                      does the definition need to be modified in any way to make it clearer what it
                       means? Probe use of language/terms
                      which of the following expressions makes most sense to people: environmental
                       impact, biodiversity impact, impact on wildlife?
      Awareness
30m
             On a round-robin basis, participants invited to give examples of wildlife management
              and/or invasive non-native species they are aware of. For each example, moderator
              elicits
                      views on the species that are involved
                      why management is needed (if they are aware)
                      what this consists of and how they feel about it.
             Once examples have been exhausted, moderator asks respondents to complete a short
              self-completion questionnaire                                                                              S5a
             Participants encouraged to build up a list of reasons why management/ control may
              be needed; different suggestions are elicited and discussed
                      are some reasons felt to be more valid than others, which ones and why?
                      participants discuss the possible consequence of not adopting control measures
             In a similar vein, participants asked to construct a list of different methods of control
              and how they feel about these
                      are some methods of control more acceptable than others?
                      if the method of control entails killing plants and animals, is this acceptable? Do
                       opinions vary according to the method of killing or the species involved?
             [Note to moderator: if running late, you can either just ask who they think is responsible
              without showing S6 or drop this point altogether). Participants asked who they believe                      S6
              is responsible for wildlife management and control. After an initial exploration of their
              views, the moderator introduces a range of different ‘players’ and invites participants to
              discuss what role, if any, they might have
             Participants are given a set of cards with either the name of a different species on each
20m           card or the name and picture of the species. Moderator explains that some of the plants                    S7a/b/
              and animals are native and some are non-native species. Also, some of the species are                       c/d
              actively managed while others are not. Their task is to try to determine which is which
                      working as a group, the cards are sorted into piles (including don’t know piles)
                       and discussed – why do participants think some are native/non-native and why
                       some are/are not managed? NB Participants allowed to sort as they see fir but
                       moderator will suggest they begin by dividing the cards into native and non-
                       native first and then further sub-divide each of these sortings


      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   151
                      for those that they believe are managed, what methods do they think are used?
                       how do they feel about this?                                                                      S8a/b/
                                                                                                                          c/d
                      moderator displays a board with the species sorted into their 4 groups; how many
                       of these are participants surprised about?
      Informed Response

             Moderator presents information about wildlife management & INNS. Participants given
30m           handouts of slides to make notes on and refer to                                                           S9

             Moderator explores initial reactions to what they have found out
                      were there any surprises? what?
                      how does what they have found out affect how they feel about wildlife and
                       invasive non-native species being managed?
             Moderator focuses on reasons for wildlife management and INNS:
                      do participants feel that these are acceptable reasons for managing wildlife and
                       INNS?
                      are some reasons more acceptable or have a high priority than others? If so
                       which and why?
                      do they feel there are situations or occasions when it is wrong or inappropriate to
                       take action? if so which and why?
             Moderator then focuses on the methods of control:
                      do participants feel that these are all acceptable methods of control?
                      are some more acceptable than others (eg poisoning vs shooting or killing vs a
                       non-lethal method)? if so which and why?
                      does the way participants feel about killing vary according to the species
                       involved: eg plants vs animals, insects vs mammals, pests, such as rats vs
                       animals such as deer? native vs non-native species? why is this?
                      on what basis do they imagine the decision is taken to use one method over
                       another – for example to cull rather than to use non-lethal methods
                      to what extent should the cost of the control method be taken into account?
                       [Note to moderator: depending on response, share the following information
                       with participants and probe reactions]
                       Wildlife Management decisions are based on balancing a range of issues of which cost is
                       only one. An example would be deciding whether or not to install fencing in response to
                       over grazing by deer. Fencing is expensive so a cheaper alternative could be culling
                       (which also generates revenue for the land owner) but equally the decision could be
                       taken to accept the damage if it is of a lower value than the cost of building and
                       maintaining fencing. But cost is not the only issue here, fencing can have welfare
                       concerns (e.g. deer becoming trapped, or being unable to access adequate food) also
                       fencing can simply move the problem elsewhere on to some one else's land
                        In most situations there are a range of techniques that might be appropriate, which
                       technique a landowner will employ will depends on the balance of cost (relative to
                       damage caused), welfare/impact non-targets, efficacy
                       Most wildlife management is carried out by the landowner and not the government (tax
                       payers)




      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   152
             Participants divided into pairs. Each pair are given four case studies (in half the groups
              the case studies will use just the names of the species while in the other groups they will                S10a/
45m           have both the names and pictures). Their task is to discuss their case studies and                         10b
              decide to what extent they would support the measures, along with their reasons why. If
              relevant, they might choose to support the principle of control but disagree with the
              method. For each impact and method of control, they indicate on their sheet whether
              they agree/disagree with it
             This is followed by a discussion of the issues with the aim of identifying any general
              principles in terms of what the public will or will not support and arriving at a set of
              criteria for determining how to manage wildlife/invasive non-native species that all or
              most of the public can agree with. Moderator explores what they have done as follows
                      participants start of by considering any case studies where they have ticked all
                       the boxes (i.e. they feel there are good reasons for controlling the species and
                       the methods of control are acceptable). Which ones and why is this?
                      they then consider any case studies where they disagreements with both the
                       reasons and the methods of control. Which ones and why is this?
                      if there are examples where they were undecided on both the reasons for control
                       and the proposed methods, which ones and why is this?
                      if there are examples where participants largely agree with the need for control
                       but are less sure about some or all of the methods, which ones and why is this?
                      if there are examples where participants largely disagree with the need for
                       control even if the proposed methods are acceptable, which ones and why is
                       this?
                      if there are any case studies not yet covered, which ones and how and why have
                       these been scored?
             If not already covered above, Moderator to probe on whether any of the following makes
              a difference:
                      native vs non-native; non-native species that have been here a long time (e.g.
                       rabbits, horse chestnut vs. more recently established non-natives (e.g. grey
                       squirrels)
                      the type of animal involved (e.g. mammals vs birds vs fish vs insects etc)
                      the method of control including if it is possible to establish a hierarchy of decision
                       making e.g. non-lethal methods should always be considered first but where
                       these are not possible (not effective, too expensive, etc), lethal methods can be
                       considered
      Public Behaviour
20m
             The moderator would now focus the discussion on what steps the general public can or
              should take and what information or support would encourage this. As necessary, the
              moderator will seed the discussion, for example:
                      what role the public could/should in prevention, monitoring/reporting and
                       managing such species? what information would they need to do these things?
                       how could this best be provided?
                      for those with gardens, what role should they play and what could be done to
                       help them
                      what role, if any, should suppliers such as pet shops and garden centres play


      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   153
                         reactions to possible support measures such as
                                information leaflets in retail outlets
                                posters at air and sea ports explaining what can and cannot be brought
                                 into the country
                                warning/advisory signs informing people about non-native species and
                                 the potential problems (e.g. in nature reserves
                                labels on plants
                                a website with relevant information
                                facilities for the safe disposal of plants and animals
               At the end of the workshops, participants complete self-completion questionnaire.
                                                                                                               S5b


Rotations

Card sets for the sorting task will either include just the species names or names and pictures
(visuals). In each case there are 2 different sets – list 1 and list 2.

                                                                              Gender

                                                                   Men                       Women

                                                       G1                          G2

                Dependent young people                 ABC1, Rural                 C2DE, Urban

                                                       Names – List 1              Visuals – List 2

                                                       G3                          G4

                Independent young adults               C2DE, Urban                 ABC1, Suburban

                                                       Names - List 2              Visuals – List 1

                                                       G5                          G6
    Lifestage




                Families                               C2DE, Suburban              ABC1, Rural

                                                       Visuals – List 2            Names – List 1

                                                       G7                          G8

                Empty Nesters                          ABC1, Rural                 C2DE, Urban

                                                       Visuals – List 1            Names – List 2

                                                       G9                          G10

                Retired                                ABC1, Suburban              C2DE, Rural

                                                       Names – List 1              Visuals – List 2




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             154
1.3      Stimulus Material
List of Stimulus

S1.     Wildlife Management                     S7b      Card set (names only) – List 2

S2.     Definition of WM                        S7c      Card set (names and pictures) – List 1*

S3a.    Non-Native Species                      S7d      Card set (names and pictures) – List 2*

S3b.    Definition of NNS                       S8a      Correct groupings (names only) – List 1

S4a.    Invasive Non-Native Species             S8b      Correct groupings (names only) – List 2

S4b.    Definition of INNS                      S8c      Correct groupings (names & pictures) – List 1*

S5a.    Self-completion questionnaire           S8d      Correct groupings (names & pictures) – List 2*

S5b.    Self-completion questionnaire           S9       Presentation of WM and INNS information

S6.     List of players                         S10a     Case studies (names only)

S7a     Card set (names only) – List 1          S10b     Case studies (names and pictures)*

*Stimulus material that incorporated pictures of the species as well as their names are not
included.

                                                      S1
                                         Wildlife Management




                                                      S2
      Wildlife Management involves the management of the impacts of wildlife on
                           human interests and vice versa




                                                      S3
                                          Non-Native Species




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             155
                                                     S3b
                                             Native species
  Any species that has colonised Great Britain since the last Ice Age without the
 direct assistance of man. Species that may colonise GB in the future by natural
                       means may also be deemed native.


                                          Non-native species
   Any species that has colonised Great Britain since the end of the last Ice Age
                        with the direct assistance of man.




                                                     S4a
                                    Invasive Non-Native Species




                                                     S4b
                                    Invasive non-native species
      Any non-native species that has the ability to spread and cause negative
                   environmental, economic or societal impacts.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             156
                                                     S5a
A       Name:_______________________________________                         Workshop:_____________


Q1:   On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
      subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
      on how much you feel you know about Wildlife Management?
____________________________________________________________________________

Q2:     Do you think Wildlife Management represents an important issue?

        a) Yes

        b) Not as far as I am aware

        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion

____________________________________________________________________________

Q3:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
        subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
        on how much you feel you know about Non-Native Species?

____________________________________________________________________________

Q4:     Do you think Non-native Species represent an important issue?

        a) Yes

        b) Not as far as I am aware

        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion

____________________________________________________________________________

Q5:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
        subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
        on how much you feel you know about Invasive Non-Native Species?

____________________________________________________________________________

Q6:     Do you think Invasive Non-native Species represent an important
        issue?

        a) Yes

        b) Not as far as I am aware

        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             157
                                                     S5b
A       Name:_______________________________________                         Workshop:_________



Q1:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
        subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
        on how much you feel you know about Wildlife Management?

____________________________________________________________________________


Q2:     To what extent do you support efforts to manage and control wildlife
        in England? Please tick one of the following.

        a) I fully support efforts to manage/control wildlife in England

        b) I largely support efforts to manage/control wildlife in England
           although I have some reservations

        c) I am neither for or against efforts to manage/control wildlife in
           England – I can see arguments both for and against it

        d) While there may be a few occasions when it may be necessary to
           manage/control wildlife in England, I am largely opposed to the idea

        e) I am totally against the idea of managing/controlling wildlife in
           England

        f)   I’m unsure how I feel about it

____________________________________________________________________________

Q3:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
        subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
        on how much you feel you know about Non-Native Species?

____________________________________________________________________________


Q4:     Do you think Non-native Species represent an important issue for the
        environment, conservation and agriculture?

        a) Yes

        b) Not as far as I am aware

        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion


                                                                                                             PTO



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             158
Q5:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about the
        subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a score based
        on how much you feel you know about Invasive Non-Native Species?

____________________________________________________________________________


Q6:     To what extent do you support efforts to manage and control invasive
        non-native species in England? Please tick one of the following.

        a) I fully support efforts to manage/control invasive non-native species
           in England

        b) I largely support efforts to manage/control invasive non-native
           species in England although I have some reservations

        c) I am neither for or against efforts to manage/control invasive non-
           native species in England – I can see arguments both for and
           against it

        d) While there may be a few occasions when it may be necessary to
           manage/control invasive non-native species in England, I am largely
           opposed to the idea

        e) I am totally against the idea of managing/controlling invasive non-
           native species in England

        f)   I’m unsure how I feel about it




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             159
                                                      S6
                                      Government Departments


                                        Environment Agencies


                                           Local Government


                               Scientists, Researchers, Academics


               Land owners (eg farmers) and managers (eg game keepers)


                                         Property developers


                                            Pest controllers


                                   Lobby groups, interest groups


                                             General Public


                                                     S7a
                 American Mink                                             Hen Harrier
                   Black Swan                                          Himalayan Balsam
                      Bluebell                                       Japanese Knotweed
                      Bracken                                                Little Owl
                    Brown Rat                                     Oak Processionary Moth
                Colorado Beetle                                           Pipistrelle Bat
                 Common Carp                                                   Rabbit
                 Common Frog                                                 Red Deer
                    Cormorant                                              Red Squirrel
                   Fallow Deer                                                 Robin
              Floating Pennywort                                           Ruddy Duck
                         Fox                                             Signal Crayfish
                Furniture Beetle                                    Wireweed (a seaweed)
                   Garden Slug                                            Wood Mouse
                     Grey Seal


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             160
                                                     S7b
                       Adder                                              Muntjac deer
                      Avocet                                                Mute Swan
                 Canada Goose                                                   Pike
             Chinese Mitten Crab                                              Polecat
           Citrus Longhorn Beetle                                             Ragwort
                 Common Wasp                                         Red-necked Wallaby
                       Coypu                                             Rhododendron
                 Giant Hogweed                                      Ring-necked Parakeet
                  Grey Squirrel                                              Roe Deer
                    Hedgehog                                                    Stoat
                  House Mouse                                            Water Primrose
          Hummingbird Hawk-moth                                             Water Vole
              Ivy-leaved Toadflax                                         Wood Pigeon
                      Magpie                                                  Zander
                        Mole




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             161
                                                     S8a

  Native species that are not managed                          Native species that are actively
                                                                         managed

                     Bluebell                                                 Bracken
                 Common Frog                                                 Cormorant
                   Hen Harrier                                                   Fox
                 Pipistrelle bat                                         Furniture beetle
                  Red squirrel                                              Garden slug
                       Robin                                               Grey squirrel
                                                                              Red deer
                                                                           Wood mouse

     Non-native species that are not                        Non-native species that are actively
               managed                                                  managed

                   Black swan                                             American mink
                 Common carp                                                 Brown rat
                     Little owl                                          Colorado beetle
            Wireweed (a seaweed)                                            Fallow deer
                                                                       Floating pennywort
                                                                       Himalayan balsam
                                                                      Japanese knotweed
                                                                   Oak processionary moth
                                                                               Rabbit
                                                                            Ruddy duck
                                                                          Signal crayfish




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             162
                                                     S8b

  Native species that are not managed                          Native species that are actively
                                                                         managed

                       Adder                                              Common wasp
                      Avocet                                                   Magpie
                    Hedgehog                                                     Mole
          Hummingbird hawkmoth                                                   Pike
                      Polecat                                                 Ragwort
                    Water vole                                                Roe Deer
                                                                                Stoat
                                                                           Wood pigeon

     Non-native species that are not                        Non-native species that are actively
               managed                                                  managed

             Chinese mitten crab                                          Canada goose
              Ivy-leaved toadflax                                    Citrus longhorn beetle
             Red-necked wallaby                                                Coypu
            Ring-necked parakeet                                          Giant hogweed
                                                                           Grey squirrel
                                                                           House mouse
                                                                           Muntjac deer
                                                                             Mute swan
                                                                          Rhododendron
                                                                         Water primrose
                                                                               Zander




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             163
                                                      S9



                   Wildlife Management
                   Why?
                   Wide range of reasons including
                   • reaction to exotic disease outbreak
                   • protection of livestock
                   • protection of infrastructure
                   • conservation
                   • protection of native biodiversity from invasive non-
                     native species
                   • protection of public health and safety

                                                                                             12




                   Wildlife Management
                   How – Animals
                   Commonly involves culling
                   • Shooting
                   • Poisoning
                   • Gassing
                   • Snaring resulting in strangulation
                   • Trapping followed by humane killing
                   • Traps designed to capture and kill animal instantly
                   • Oiling of eggs
                   The use of crossbows, bows and arrows and explosives are not
                   permitted for killing animals.
                                                                                             13




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             164
                   Wildlife Management
                   How – Animals
                   Other methods include
                   • Deterrents/repellents
                   • Translocation
                   • Exclusion
                   • Habitat modification
                   • Biological control
                   • Supplementary feeding
                   • Immuno-contraceptives


                                                                                             14




                   Wildlife Management
                   How – Plants

                   • Cutting
                   • Ploughing
                   • Grazing
                   • Trampling
                   • Herbicides
                   • Bio-control agents



                                                                                             15




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             165
                   Wildlife Management
                                     Dept for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra)
                   Who?            • National policy & legislation
                                   • Management of wildlife in response to outbreaks of notifiable
                                     disease (eg rabies) – carried out by Government
                                     agencies/contractors
                                   • Advice

                         Defra Agencies eg                              Providers of evidence/data eg
                • Environment Agency, Natural England,              •   Joint Nature Conservancy Council
                  Animal Health                                     •   Centre for Environment
                • Implement policy eg provide licences,             •   Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
                  disease surveillance, conservation                •   Central Science Laboratory
                  monitoring                                        •   Academics
                • Advice

               Landowners, Managers, Developers                           Lobby Groups, Stakeholders
                • Responsible for the management of                 • farming, conservation, animal
                  wildlife on their lands                             rights/welfare, game keepers, groups
                • Need to operate within legislation and              representing single species, local
                  may need to obtain licences in order to             authorities etc.
                  cull animals/manage wildlife                      • Lobby government                   16




                   Non-Native Species
               Facts & Figures
               • A recent study found over 2,700 non-native species living in England of
                 which the majority (⅔) are plants
               • Most do not cause problems. Many agricultural species (wheat, barley,
                 sheep etc.) are not native to Britain. Only a minority become invasive and
                 have negative impacts
               • Non-native species spread through a variety of pathways e.g.
                     – intentional
                     – unintentional
                     – attached to ships or in ships’ ballast water
                     – via the horticultural trade
               • The number of non-native species is likely to increase due to the growth
                 in world trade and global tourism. Climate change may also allow
                 species that are currently benign in Britain to become invasive.
                                                                                                           17




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                166
                    Non-Native Species
               Cost
               •   It is difficult to get an accurate estimate of the financial cost of non-native
                   species to the British economy
               •   Recent estimates put it between £2 - £6 billion per annum
               •   The cost of control of invasive water weeds alone is over £3 million per
                   annum in Britain
               •   The less quantifiable costs to biodiversity and ecosystems are very hard
                   to quantify in monetary terms

               Legal Position
               •   It is an offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 to release or
                   allow a non-native animal species to escape into the wild
               •   It is also an offence to plant or cause a non-native plant species listed in
                   the Act to grow in the wild

                                                                                                18




                    Invasive Non-Native Species
               Why Manage?

               • After habitat loss, invasive non-native species are the
                 second biggest threat to biodiversity worldwide and, on
                 islands (like GB), are considered to be the biggest threat
               Invasive non-native species can have lots of negative
               impacts:
               • Transmission of disease to native species
               • Competition with native species
               • Predation on native species
               • Increased flooding risk
               • Infrastructure damage
               • Human health risks
                                                                                                19




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             167
                   Invasive Non-Native Species
               Government Strategy
               1. Prevent NNS from entering or gaining foothold in UK




                                                                                         Harder & more ££
               2. Focus on those NNS either known to be or thought to have
                  potential to become invasive – aim is to eradicate them
                  before they become established
               3. Once established, the cost of eradication is often prohibitive
                       – It is usually a case of mitigation measures and control e.g.
                         localised or possibly regular removal
                       – Although there have been successful examples of eradication




                                                                                                            20




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                 168
                                                    S10a

                                                  ADEER

Species information: Six species in GB. 2 native (Roe and Red) and 4 non-native
(Chinese water deer, Sika, muntjac and fallow). Herbivorous species of woodland and
woodland edge. Red deer are often found on open moor land. Roe are the most
populous species with and estimated 580,000 in GB. Red Deer are the second most
common with over 300,000 individuals in GB.
Impacts:
       Deer have significant negative impacts on forestry, agriculture and habitats
        (including protected sites) due to overgrazing
       They are also involved in a large number of road traffic accidents costing
        tens of millions of pounds and a small number of human fatalities every
        year
       Non-native sika deer hybridise with native red deer posing a risk to the
        genetic purity of this species
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         deer
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling deer
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Deer are predominantly controlled by shooting. This is carried out under
        the restrictions outlined in the Deer Act 1991. This results in a quick
        humane death. Culled animals are sold as venison.
       Fencing is used in some cases to exclude deer from areas where they
        may have a negative impact. However, in many cases fencing is
        prohibitively expensive and simply acts to shift the problem elsewhere.
        Deer can also become caught in fencing resulting serious debilitating
        injury or death.
       Tree guards around saplings to prevent browsing.
       In the future there is the potential that immuno-contraceptives could be
        used for these species. However, it is unlikely that the use of this method
        alone would be adequate to control deer populations.
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling deer
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling deer
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             169
                                            RATS AND MICE
Species information: Widespread throughout GB in urban and rural environments.
Most common are the brown rat, house mouse and wood mouse. The brown rate and
house mouse are non-native species. Fast breeding, opportunistic nocturnal species
often associated with human activity.
Impacts:
       Contamination of food with hair, urine and faeces
       Carry a wide range of diseases and parasites that are potentially harmful to
        humans and animals
       Structural damage to property through gnawing. Damage ranges from minor
        holes in walls to flooding, electrical fires or even structural collapse.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         rats and mice
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling rats and mice
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Avoid infestation through proper maintenance of buildings.
       Rodenticides (many rodenticides do not result in a quick death).
       Traps including humane traps that allow the animal to be released
        (transferring the problem elsewhere) or spring traps to catch and kill the
        animal instantly.
       Rats may also be shot.
       Gassing, although not widely used but can be used to kill rats within their
        burrows. Carries the risk of killing non-target species.
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling rats and mice
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling rats and mice
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             170
                                                  FOXES
Species information: A native species that is widespread throughout the GB including
urban and rural areas. Opportunistic species which eat a wide variety of prey species
such as small mammals, birds, insects, amphibians and reptiles as well as fruit and
vegetables. Occasionally, when faced with a large number of prey species, foxes may
kill large numbers without eating them. This is common practice among carnivores.
Population estimated to be between 200,000 and 300,000.
Impacts:
       May prey upon species of economic importance such as lambs, piglets,
        chickens and game birds. However, problems are often local,
        unpredictable and sporadic.
       In urban areas foxes also prey upon small domestic pets such as rabbits,
        chickens and guinea pigs. Foxes are unlikely to be a danger to adult cats
        and dogs.
       In urban areas foxes cause nuisance by bin-raiding, digging in gardens
        and calling during the breeding season.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         foxes
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling foxes
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control
   Do not feed foxes to avoid attracting them.
       Ensure that food stores, animal pens and waste bins are fox proof (where
        possible)
       Install fences to exclude foxes (uneconomic except for protecting high
        value livestock).
       Capture using baited cage traps followed by humane destruction or relocation
        (transferring the problem elsewhere). Foxes are highly territorial and as such
        relocation will result in the disruption of established social groups.
       Shooting; usually at night using a rifle and high powered spotlight
        (lamping). Dogs may be used to flush foxes from cover, must be carried
        out in accordance with Hunting Act 2004.
       Capture by free running snares followed by shooting.
       Chemical repellents and deterrents.
       In urban areas the killing or relocation of foxes only provides transient
        relief from the problem.
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling foxes
                 put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                 controlling foxes
                 put a ? in the box if you are unsure


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             171
                                                 RABBITS
Species information: Widespread throughout GB. Population estimated at 15 million.
A non-native species brought to Britain from Europe in the twelfth century. Sociable
herbivore that lives in extensive underground burrows.
Impacts:
       Major agricultural pest causing economic loses in excess of £100 million in
        GB annually. Includes damage to cereal crops, grassland and forestry.
       The burrowing behaviour of this species also lead to damage to
        archaeological sites, monuments and landscapes.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         rabbits
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling rabbits
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Landowners have a statutory responsibility to manage rabbit infestations on
        their land and to prevent them causing damage to neighbouring properties.
       Gassing. This is the most effective control method.
       Fencing to exclude rabbits from areas that require protection. Particularly
        useful where other techniques are impractical.
       Shooting. Popular method although due to high reproductive rate extensive
        effort is required to be successful.
       Cage trapping and humane despatch.
       Spring trap resulting in capture and instant death.
       Restraint of animal using free running snare followed by humane despatch.
       Use of ferrets to drive rabbits into traps or onto waiting guns. Time
        consuming and unlikely to be used in isolation.
       Use of tree guards (to prevent tree damage only).
       Chemical repellents. Expensive and ineffective in long term.


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling rabbits
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling rabbits
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             172
                                             CORMORANTS
Species Information: This large fish eating bird is commonly found in coastal areas
and inland waters throughout GB. It is a native species and it is estimated that there are
9,000 breeding pairs in the UK with 1,600 pairs breeding inland. Approximately 30,000
cormorants over-winter in GB with 10,000 of these inland.
Impacts:
       Cormorants can cause serious localised economic and ecological damage to
        fisheries due to their predation of fish species. Failed hunting attempts leave
        fish scarred and prone to disease.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         cormorants
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling cormorants
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Use of visual or noise deterrents (less likely to be useful or effective on
        rivers). This will only work if there are others suitable habitats nearby.
       Provision of artificial refuges for fish species to escape predation.
       Good habitat management to assist fish recruitment and survival.
       Shooting (under licence). This is only applicable to specific areas where
        cormorant impacts are severe. Effectiveness of this method is variable and in
        the long term more cormorants will move to habitat replacing those that have
        been culled.
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling cormorants
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling cormorants
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             173
                                                 CORVIDS
Species information: Includes crow, jackdaw, jay, magpie and rook. Native species
that are widely distributed in UK. All members of this bird family are omnivorous, eating
a range of foodstuffs including seeds, fruit, carrion, mice, young birds and eggs.
Magpies are particularly renowned for taking young birds and eggs during the early
summer.
Impacts:
       Damage to agricultural crops and livestock. Some members of this family
        have been known to peck at wounds on livestock making them more severe
        or even to attack newborn lambs.
       Corvids are known to take the young and eggs of game birds and poultry.
       The tendency of corvids to prey upon the young chicks and eggs of
        songbirds has lead to the conclusion by some that they contribute to the
        decline of these species. However, while this does occur, there is much
        debate as to whether corvid predation is a significant factor in songbird
        decline.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         corvids
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling corvids
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       In the UK all birds are legally protected. However, there are general licences
        for the control of corvids for the conservation of wild birds, public health and
        safety and the prevention of serious damage to property (this includes crops
        and livestock).
       The most common method of control is the use of a Larsen trap. The Larsen
        trap uses a decoy bird to attract others of the same species which can then
        be humanely despatched.
       Shooting.


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling corvids
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling corvids
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             174
                                                RAGWORT
Species information: Native species that is widespread throughout UK. Biennial plant
with yellow daisy-like flowers. A number of invertebrates and fungi species are reliant
on this grassland plant. Ragwort is also an important source of nectar for a number of
butterfly species, bees, moths and other insects.
Impacts:
       Ragwort is toxic to grazing animals particularly horses. Can cause fatalities
        through irreversible liver damage
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         ragwort
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling ragwort
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Under the Weeds Act landowners can be compelled to manage injurious
        weeds (including ragwort) upon their land.
       Primarily controlled through the application of herbicides.
       Cutting back or uprooting (either mechanically or by hand)
       Potential for biological control using cinnabar moth (under development).


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling ragwort
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling ragwort
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             175
                                                 STOATS
Species information: A native species that is widespread throughout the UK . Predator
of small birds, mammals and rabbits. Occasionally, when faced with a large number of
prey species, stoats may kill large numbers without eating them. This is common to
many carnivores
Impacts:
       Predation of poultry, songbirds and game birds.
For each impact: put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                 stoats
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling stoats
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Use of spring traps which capture and kill the animal instantly


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling stoats
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling stoats
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             176
                                                 BRACKEN
Species information: A native species that was originally a woodland plant, however, changes
in land management practices have favoured the spread of bracken. Is an important habitat for
some fritillary butterfly species and birds such and the whinchat and nightjar.
Impacts:
       Bracken is highly competitive and can replace other habitats including grassland and
        heathland.
       Bracken can reduce the available area for grazing and can cause poisoning in
        grazing animals.
       Bracken is a favoured habitat of the sheep tick, which can carry lymes disease.
       It can have major negative impact on archaeological remains.
       It is also carcinogenic in animals and humans.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling bracken
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for controlling
                         bracken
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control:
       Before control takes place consideration needs to be given to the impact of the
        control method e.g. impact on other plants; soil erosion due to the loss of bracken;
        whether control brings adequate benefits; the long term costs.
       Cutting. Needs to occur twice in the season over a period of 3 – 5 years. Will not
        lead to eradication and should not be used where ground-nesting birds are present.
       Crushing. Can be used where ground surface makes the use of machinery difficult.
        Should not be used where there are ground-nesting birds, or on sites of
        archaeological importance. Carries risk of soil erosion.
       Livestock treading. Winter feeding of livestock to encourage crushing of young plants
        and the disturbance of the ground which increases frost damage to plant structures.
        In the spring livestock needs to be removed to prevent risk of poisoning. This method
        is unreliable and should not be used where trampling risks damaging other plants or
        archaeological site.
       Burning. Only effective if follow up treatment used.
       Ploughing and cultivation. Deep ploughing of the ground in summer which is left
        undisturbed over winter followed by sowing of more desirable plant species in the
        spring. Not suitable where other important ground flora present or on archaeological
        site.
       Use of Herbicides. Should not be used where other important flora present.


For each method:         put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of controlling
                         bracken
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling bracken
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             177
TOPMOUTH GUDGEON
Species information: The topmouth gudgeon is a small freshwater fish that originates
in South East Asia. It was probably introduced to Britain through the fish trade in the
1980/90s and it continues to be spread around Britain as a contaminant of other fish
stock.
Impacts:
       It can achieve very high densities and can dominate freshwaters.
       It carries a parasite that is a potential threat to native fish such as salmon
        and carp.
       It eats the eggs of other fish and eats vast amounts of plant life and
        invertebrates thus upsetting natural ecosystems.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         topmouth gudgeon
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling topmouth gudgeon
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       The Environment Agency has successfully eradicated them from 7 waters
        using a fish poison. They are still present in about 25 other locations in
        England and Wales.
       There are also attempts to control this species by introducing perch (a
        native fish species). It is not known how successful this will be.
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling topmouth gudgeon
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling topmouth gudgeon
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             178
                                     RING-NECKED PARAKEET
Species information: This bird is native to India and Africa. It is a popular British cage
bird that regularly escapes from captivity. It has built up substantial populations (over
20,000 birds) in parts of south-eastern England.
Impacts:
       It probably competes with native bird species (e.g. nuthatch).
       In its native range it is a serious pest of agriculture, and damages a range of
        crop species in England (apples, pears, grapes etc.).
For each impact: put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                 ring-necked parakeets
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling ring-necked parakeets
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods: This species is currently not controlled (apart from a very small
number of cases where there has been severe crop damage – all to fruit). Eradication
or control may be possible with the following methods:
       Chemical sterilisation (not yet possible but potentially in the future)
       Shooting
       Trapping/netting - followed by humane killing


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling ring-necked parakeets
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling ring-necked parakeets
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             179
                                       AMERICAN BULLFROG
Species information: The American bullfrog is a large frog (twice as big as other
British frogs). It was introduced to Britain after being bought as pets and subsequently
released or escaped. There have only been two populations found in Britain so far -
both in ponds in Southern England and Natural England (the Government’s Nature
Conservation Agency for England) has been trying to eradicate them before they
spread.
Impacts:
       It carries a fungal disease that is lethal to our native amphibians (but which
        does not harm itself).
       It also eats a wide range of native species – including small birds.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         American bullfrogs
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling American bullfrogs
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       shooting adult frogs (in the pond) – carried out as part of the eradication
        attempt by Natural England
       draining down the pond and removing all adults and tadpoles (to be humanely
        killed) – carried out as part of the eradication attempt by natural England
       poisoning them in the pond (adults and tadpoles) – fish could be removed
        before this poisoning is done otherwise they would also be killed. Poisoning
        the ponds will kill most insects etc. in any case. The pond will take several
        years to fully recover
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling American bullfrogs
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling American bullfrogs
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             180
                                       JAPANESE KNOTWEED
Species information: Japanese knotweed is a plant that was first imported from Japan
for use in gardens about 150 years ago. It is now well established in the wild in Britain,
especially in urban areas. It is currently proposed that the sale of this species be
banned.
Impacts:
       It can grow through concrete and asphalt and even through buildings. Its
        removal costs developers millions of pounds every year (including adding
        tens of millions to the cost of developing the Olympic site).
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         Japanese knotweed
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling Japanese knotweed
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       Spraying regularly for 3 years with strong herbicides (this also kills other
        plants nearby) – this is probably the most common method of dealing with
        Japanese Knotweed
       Removing soil down to 3m (10ft) depth and transporting it to one of only 6
        designated disposal sites (this means lorries moving many tons of soil
        around the country)
       (Potentially) biological control involving the release of a Japanese louse that
        as been tested and shown to (almost certainly) attack Japanese Knotweed
        only
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling Japanese knotweed
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling Japanese knotweed
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             181
                                      FLOATING PENNYWORT
Species information: This species of plant is from South America and is sold in
garden centres to grow in ponds. It has escaped into the wild and is common in
waterways in SE England. It is likely that the sale of this plant will soon be banned in
Britain.
Impacts:
       It grows rapidly, carpeting a whole waterway which can restrict/prevent
        angling, cut off light to plants and animals in the water thus killing them
       It can increase flood risk as it clogs waterways
       It covers the water surface so completely it is a health hazard to animals
        and people (they think it is dry land and step on it)
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         Floating pennywort
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling Floating pennywort
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods: Control of this plant costs many tens of thousands of pounds each
year in Britain.
       Spraying the plant with pesticide (a herbicide) which also kills other plants
       Mechanical removal – lifting out by hand or using a digger (probably the
        most common method used in Britain but there is the problem that if a tiny
        piece of the plant breaks off it can re-grow rapidly)
       Potentially releasing a pest from its native range in South America (not yet
        developed)


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling floating pennywort
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling floating pennywort
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             182
                                            GYRODACTYLIS
Species information: This species is a serious parasite of salmon. It is native to the
Baltic and has spread to Norway where it has devastated salmon stocks in the rivers to
which it has been introduced (accidentally). It is not yet present in Britain but it is a
threat.
Impacts:
       It would devastate the salmon stocks if it did arrive in Britain and cost the
        economy millions of pounds annually.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         Gyrodactylis
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling Gyrodactylis
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       The only known method of controlling an outbreak is to poison the river it
        arrives in – this would kill all life in the river (which would subsequently
        recover over several years/decades). The alternative is to let Gyrodactylis
        spread which would result in the deaths of many thousands of salmon
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling Gyrodactylis
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling Gyrodactylis
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             183
                                         COLORADO BEETLE
Species information: This small beetle is native to North America and has escaped
and become established in Europe. Not established in Britain but turns up regularly (on
produce).
Impacts:
       The beetle feeds on potatoes and is a huge pest that would cost agriculture
        millions of pounds worth of damage if it became established here.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         Colorado beetles
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling Colorado beetles
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       Controlled by spraying with insecticides that kill the adults and larvae (young).
        Other insects are also killed at the same time by the spray. This is the most
        common method of control
       In small outbreaks individual beetles can be picked off the potato plants and
        killed
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling Colorado beetles
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling Colorado beetles
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             184
                               THE OAK PROCESSIONARY MOTH
Species information: This species of small moth is native to southern and central
Europe. A number of moths arrived in England in 2006 with oak trees imported from the
Netherlands. It has since spread to parts of western London (including Kew Gardens)
and the Forestry Commission, Defra and the Local Authorities are currently trying to
eradicate it.
Impacts:
       The caterpillars (which group together in hundreds or even thousands)
        cause damage to many native tree species, especially oaks – stripping them
        completely of leaves.
       The caterpillars also shoot out tiny hairs that can cause allergic reaction in
        pets and people (this can be serious – requiring hospitalisation).
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling the
                         oak processionary moth
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling the oak processionary moth
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       Spraying caterpillars with insecticide to kill them
       Using flame throwers to incinerate them in the trees
Both methods are regularly used
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling the oak processionary moth
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling the oak processionary moth
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             185
                                           GREY SQUIRREL
Species information: This is a small mammal that is native to North America. It was
deliberately released into the wild in Britain between on many occasions between 1878
and 1930. It has spread rapidly and is now established over most of England and
Wales. It is continuing its spread in northern England, Wales and Scotland. Its current
population is estimated at 2 million.
Impacts:
       Grey squirrels carry a virus (squirrel pox) that is lethal to native Red
        Squirrels but which it is immune to. Has thus caused the near extinction of
        red squirrels in England and Wales (the population of red squirrels is now
        only 120,000 – mostly in Scotland).
        Grey squirrels also cause substantial damage to forestry by removing bark
        from trees.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         grey squirrels
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling grey squirrels
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       Live trapping (in a cage trap) followed by humane killing (shooting or
        breaking neck) - (this is commonly carried out)
       Poisoning with rat poison (warfarin)
       Shooting (this is commonly carried out)
       (Potential) control using immuno-contraception (this has yet to be fully
        tested and is unlikely to be ready for use for many years)
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling grey squirrels
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling grey squirrels
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             186
                                                  COYPU
Species information: A large rodent (about the size of a large cat) native to South
America. It was introduced to Britain in the 1920s for fur farming and regularly escaped
and thus established a population in East Anglia.
Impacts:
       It caused a flood risk by burrowing into banks
       It caused habitat damage by eating native plants
       It caused significant agricultural damage by eating crops such as sugar beet,
        carrots etc.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         coypus
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling coypus
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure
Control methods:
       It was eradicated in a campaign between 1980 and 1987. 20,000 animals
        were live trapped (in cage traps) and humanely shot
Continental Europe still has a population (which is expanding) and causes million of
pounds worth of damage
For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling coypus
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling coypus
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             187
                                              RUDDY DUCK
Species information: This bird is native to North America where it is relatively
common (over 500,000 birds). It was released/escaped from wildlife collections in
Britain in the 1940s and became established over most of Britain by 1995. There is
currently a Government-led campaign to eradicate Ruddy ducks in the UK.
Impacts:
       Some of the feral British ruddy ducks fly to Spain and interbreed with the very
        rare white-headed duck. Interbreeding with ruddy ducks is the biggest threat
        to the survival of this duck as a distinct species. [The Spanish Government
        has spent millions of Euros trying to bring the White-headed duck back from
        the brink of extinction. They have been very successful with the population in
        Spain (the only country where it breeds in Europe) increasing from 22 in the
        1970’s to over 2,000 today]. The ruddy duck has no obvious impact in Britain.
For each impact:         put a  in the box if you feel this is a good reason for controlling
                         ruddy ducks
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not a good reason for
                         controlling ruddy ducks
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure


Control methods:
       Shooting with rifles and shotguns (sometimes from boats).


For each method: put a  in the box if you feel this is an acceptable method of
                 controlling ruddy ducks
                         put a  in the box if you feel this is a not an acceptable method of
                         controlling ruddy ducks
                         put a ? in the box if you are unsure




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             188
2         The Qualitative Research: Anglers
2.1       Recruitment Questionnaire
                                           Wildlife Management & INNS
 Hello, I'm ..........................from Creative Research, an independent market research company. I wonder if you would
 be interested in taking part in some market research we are conducting. It involves taking part in a discussion with
 other people like yourself, to share views and ideas. This would last for up to 2 hours. In return for your time, I can
 offer you £45 as a contribution towards your expenses.
                                                  KEY DEMOGRAPHICS

 D1 SOCIAL GRADE OCCUPATION OF HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD:

 ASK THE FOLLOWING FIVE QUESTIONS TO CLARIFY HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD INFORMATION:

 IF RETIRED, ASK FOR PREVIOUS OCCUPATION, IF PRIVATE            IF LOCAL AUTHORITY OR CIVIL SERVICE OR ARMED FORCES,
 PENSION RECEIVED                                               ASK GRADE/RANK
 IF SELF-EMPLOYED OR MANAGERIAL, ASK FOR NO. OF                 ASK FOR DETAILS OF TRAINING/QUALIFICATIONS
 EMPLOYEES RESPONSIBLE FOR
                                                                INDUSTRY (WRITE IN)

 NOW CODE SOCIAL CLASS

             ABC1                    1                                       C2DE                   2

 Gender: code below                                              Age: write in and code below
                                                                 ____________________

 Male                                1                           20-34                              1

 Female                              2                           35-44                              2

                                                                 45-54                              3       Recruit a mix

                                                                 55-64                              4

                                                                 65+                                5




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                         189
                                                          SCREENING

  S1.      SHOW CARD A Can I just check, do you or any of your immediate family work in any of the following
           professions or occupations?

  Market Research or Marketing           1                                                       4
                                                               Directly involved in Wildlife
  Public Relations or Journalism         2    CLOSE                                                   CLOSE
                                                               Management

  Advertising                            3

                                                               None of these                     5    CONTINUE


  S2a.     Have you ever attended a GROUP DISCUSSION           S2b.     What was the subject under discussion?
           or IN-DEPTH INTERVIEW before?

  No                                     1    GO TO Q1
                                                               IF PREVIOUS SUBJECT RELATED TO THIS
  Yes                                    2    GO TO S2b        PROJECT, THANK & CLOSE. OTHERWISE ASK Q2c

  S2c. How long ago was that?                                  S2d How many group discussions & depth interviews
                                                                   have you attended in the last 3 years?

  Less than 6 months                     1    THANK & CLOSE    1-6                               1    GO TO Q1

  More than 6 months ago                 2    GO TO S2d        7 or more                         2    THANK & CLOSE




  INTERVIEWER DECLARATION
  I DECLARE THAT THIS IS A TRUE RECORD OF A FACE TO FACE INTERVIEW WITH THE NAMED RESPONDENT WHICH WAS
  CONDUCTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE INSTRUCTIONS AND THE CODE OF CONDUCT.


  SIGNATURE:_____________________________________________________________


  PRINT NAME:____________________________________________________________ DATE:_____________________________




  METHOD OF RECRUITMENT

  FROM CLIENT-SUPPLIED LISTS                          
  FROM RECRUITER’S DATABASE                           
  SNOWBALLING                                         
  FREE FOUND (In Street/House to house etc)           
  OTHER (PLEASE WRITE IN):______________________________________________________________________________




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   190
   Q1.    As part of your leisure activities, do you participate in   Y   Continue
          freshwater angling?
                                                                      N   Close

   Q2. How often do you go freshwater fishing in England?

         Less than 2 times a year                                     1   Close

         At least 2 times a year                                      2   Continue

         More than 2 times a year                                     3   Continue

   Q3. Do you hold a ‘Rod Licence’ from the Environment               Y   Continue
       Agency?
                                                                      N   Close

   Q4. Do you belong to an Angling club/organisation?                 Y
                                                                          Recruit to Quota
                                                                      N

   Q5. What type of angling do you do?

         Course                                                       1
                                                                          Recruit a Spread
         Game                                                         2




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             191
 Give Respondent Show Card B and read out

 The group discussion or interview you take part in will be audio recorded and a transcript will be
 prepared.

 This card describes how the information you provide will be used and the steps that will be taken
 to protect your confidentiality.

 Please sign below to indicate your agreement with this procedure.

 Name:_________________________________________

 Signature:______________________________________

 Date:________________________



 Occasionally, once a project is completed we may need to re-contact people who take part in a
 research study either to follow up something that has arisen or to invite them to participate in some
 research on a new topic.
 Would you be willing for us to contact you in the future, should the need arise?
                          Record contact details below
       YES     [ ]
                           Explain that you need to record the respondent's contact details so that they
                           can be contacted in the event of a change of plans (e.g. the moderator is ill)
        NO     [ ]         and also for quality control procedures. Reassure respondents that this
                           information will only be used for these purposes.


 RESPONDENT DETAILS
 REASSURE RESPONDENTS THAT NO PERSONAL DETAILS OR RESPONSES WILL BE PASSED ON TO ANYONE NOT DIRECTLY
 CONCERNED WITH THE RESEARCH.
 NAME:______________________________________________________________________
 ADDRESS:___________________________________________________________________Postcode________________________________
 PHONE NO:                               NO PHONE ( )    REFUSED NO ( )




                                            SHOW CARD A

                        Market Research or Marketing
                                Public Relations
                                  Journalism
                                  Advertising
                   Directly involved in Wildlife Management




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                  192
                      SHOW CARD B
The Data Protection Act requires that we collect and use the
information you provide to us in a manner that respects and
protects your confidentiality.

Your personal details (name, address, phone number) will not be
disclosed to anyone else without your permission other than
Creative Research, the company carrying out the research.
In most cases the recordings/transcripts will be heard/read only by the
transcriber and researchers from the research company.
The recordings/transcripts will only be listened to/read for research
purposes and only to pursue the aims of the study. Excerpts from the
recordings/transcripts may be used to illustrate the research findings.
This will always be done in a way to protect your identity (e.g. comments
will not be attributed).
The recordings/transcripts will not be used for non-research purposes,
such as promotion or direct sales activities.
In exceptional cases the recordings/transcripts will be listened to/read
by people from the client organisation working on this project. In these
circumstances, we will go through the material first to delete any
references to people's names or anything else that could identify them.
Anyone from the client organisation who listens to/reads the
recordings/transcripts will sign an undertaking that they will respect the
anonymity of those taking part. Thus, if anyone recognises you, (s)he will
immediately stop listening, watching or reading.
Any other material or information generated by you, such as ideas
written down on paper, will be subject to the same strict controls.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             193

Recruiter Instructions
This research is to do with public attitudes towards wildlife management and is being carried out
by a government department.
We are looking to recruit people a group of freshwater anglers to attend a group discussion that
will last about 2 hours. An incentive of £45 will be paid.


Exclusions
We do not want to recruit anyone who is directly involved in wildlife management (code 4 @ S1).
The usual exclusions apply in terms of previous attendance at groups/depths (S2a-d).


General Quotas
      Please recruit 9 people


Quotas
      SEG – no quotas but record details
      Gender – no quotas, we expect that most anglers are men but if you find any female
       anglers you can recruit them
      Age – no quotas but try to recruit a spread of ages
      Must be a freshwater angler @ Q1
      Must go freshwater fishing in England at least 2 times a year or more @ Q3
      Must hold a Rod Licence from the Environment Agency @ Q4
      Belong to an angling club/organisation – at least half the respondents should belong to
       an angling club or organisation @ Q4
      Type of angling – course and game – recruit a mix @ Q5




2.2     Discussion Guide
Introduction and Warm up

   Moderator introduces discussion – going to consider a range of issues relating to invasive non-native
    species. We are especially interested in their views on the topic from the perspective of freshwater
    anglers. It will involve discussing the issues, being given some information to consider and carrying
    out a number of tasks either individually or in pairs

   Outlines ground rules:

                open discussion of issues with everyone making a contribution

                no right or wrong opinions; okay to disagree with what others say but need to respect
                 other’s views

                discussion to be record – how information will be used/confidentiality

                mobile phones switched off



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             194
   Respondents introduce one another (names, what they do for a living, the most
    interesting/unusual fish they have ever caught)

Meaning of Terms

   The term ‘non-native species’ is displayed on a board and participants asked to
                                                                                                               A1a
    write down on post-it notes anything that comes into their minds in relation to this
    term; they post their notes on the board; what the term means is discussed and
    group attempts to arrive at a definition
                                                                                                               A1b

   A possible definition of the term is displayed and discussed

                does this sum up what the term means to people? Any surprises?
                is the term ‘alien species’ better/worse than NNS? Why?
                do they consider the term non-native species to cover animals and plants?
                 Does it cover all types of animals – insects, snails, worms etc? Does it
                 include fish in their opinions?
                does the definition need to be modified in any way to make it clearer what
                 it means? Probe use of language/terms (e.g. species)
   The term ‘invasive non-native species’ is displayed on a board; participants
                                                                                                               A2a
    discuss what they think this means? What does the term invasive’ mean in this
    context?

   A possible definition of the term is displayed and discussed                                               A2b

                does this sum up what the term means to people? Any surprises?
                which of the negative impacts would you be most concerned about –
                 environmental, economic, societal? What about health impacts? Impact on
                 Biodiversity?
                does the definition need to be modified in any way to make it clearer what
                 it means? Probe use of language/terms
                which of the following expressions makes most sense to people:
                 environmental impact, biodiversity impact, impact on wildlife?
Awareness

   On a round-robin basis, participants invited to give examples invasive non-native
    species they are aware of. For each example, moderator elicits

                views on the species that are involved (NB moderator will make it clear we
                 are not only talking about fish or other aquatic plants/animals but any
                 INNS)

Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             195
                how the species were first introduced into this country (if they are aware)
   Once examples have been exhausted, moderator asks respondents to complete a
                                                                                                               A3a
    short self-completion questionnaire

   How do they feel about non-native fish that have been introduced to this country?

                do they welcome them (for example, as interesting and exotic fish to
                 catch?) or do they perceive them as a problem?

                if a problem – in what way are they a problem?

                does it depend on the species – some may represent interesting
                 challenges while others may cause problems – if so, which species fall
                 into each group?

                would they recognise a NN fish if they caught one?

   How do they feel about non-native plants that have been introduced to this country
    – by this we mean both aquatic plants and those that might grow on river banks etc?

                do they welcome them or do they perceive them as a problem?

                if a problem – in what way are they a problem?

                does it depend on the plants – if so, which plants fall into each group?

                would they recognise a NN plant when they saw one?

   Are they aware of other non-native species (such as signal crayfish and zebra
    mussels and curly waterweed) and the problems they cause?

   Do they think that any problems caused by non-native fish and plants are important?
    To them? The sport of angling? Overall?

Behaviour

   What do they normally do when they catch fish? How often and under what
    circumstances do they release fish back into the river/pond?

   Have they ever caught a non-native species? Which ones?

                what did they do with it?
                are they aware of what the law says about it?
                what would be their views on killing any NN fish they caught?


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             196
   To what extent do respondents clean their fishing equipment (rods, nets, waders,
    boats etc) after each fishing trip or when moving between different fishing waters?

                if yes: what does this actually involve – what do they clean/how do they
                 clean it
                if no: any particular reason why not? Is it that they don’t feel there is a
                 need?
                Why might this be an issue?

   Participants encouraged to suggest different ways in which non-native species have
    been introduced into this country. Moderator will prompt in particular for ways in
    which non-native fish and other aquatic species have been introduced. Further
    prompts:

                have they heard of anglers deliberately releasing species of fish into a
                 river or pond in order that they can then fish for them? Is this something
                 they have ever done themselves?
                what is their view of this practice? What, if anything, does their fishing club
                 say about it?
                to what extent are respondents worried about the spread of fish diseases
                 through the unauthorised movements of fish or inadequate cleaning of
                 equipment?

   Participants are given a set of cards with the name and picture of the species.
                                                                                                                    A4
    Moderator explains that some of the plants and animals are native and some are
    non-native species. Also, some of the species are actively managed/controlled while
    others are not. Their task is to try to determine which is which. Only examine their
    awareness of native vs. non-native as the managed/not managed issue is irrelevant.

                working as a group, the cards are sorted into piles (including don’t know
                 piles) and discussed – why do participants think some are native/non-
                 native and why some are/are not managed?
                for those that they believe are managed, what methods do they think are
                 used? how do they feel about this?
                moderator displays a board with the species sorted into their 4 groups;
                 how many of these are participants surprised about?                                                A5

Informed Response

   Moderator presents information about INNS. Participants given handouts of slides to
                                                                                                               A6
    make notes on and refer to




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             197
   Moderator explores initial reactions to what they have found out

                were there any surprises? what?

                how does what they have found out affect how they feel about invasive
                 non-native species being managed?

Public Behaviour

   The moderator would now focus the discussion on what steps anglers can or should
    take and what information or support would encourage this. As necessary, the
    moderator will seed the discussion, for example:

                what role anglers could/should have in prevention, monitoring/reporting
                 and managing such species? what information would they need to do
                 these things? how could this best be provided?
                what could be done to help anglers recognise non-native fish when they
                 come across them?
                what could be done to discourage anglers releasing non-native fish into
                 English waterways?
                what could be done to encourage anglers to kill any non-native fish they
                 catch rather than releasing them back into the water?
                response to idea of cleaning nets, boots etc to prevent things like spoors
                 for crayfish plague being introduced into new waterways
                what role, if any, should angling clubs and organisations play?
                are there any people who are well respected in the angling community
                 who could possibly act as a spokes person – someone who could
                 effectively communicate with anglers what they could do to help tackle
                 invasive non-native species?
                reactions to possible support measures such as
                        information leaflets
                        notice boards at fisheries
                        information in retail outlets
                        articles in angling press
                        a website with relevant information
                        facilities for the safe disposal of non-native fish that are caught
   At the end of the workshops, participants complete self-completion questionnaire.
                                                                                                               A3a




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             198
2.3      Stimulus
List of Stimulus

    A1           Invasive Non-Native Species

    A2           Definition of INNS

    A3a/b        Self-completion questionnaire

    A4           Card set (names and pictures)*

    A5           Correct groupings (names and pictures)*

    A6           Presentation of INNS information

    *Only the names are included below.

                                                     A1
                                          Non-Native Species




                                                     A1b
                                             Native species
  Any species that has colonised Great Britain since the last Ice Age without the
 direct assistance of man. Species that may colonise GB in the future by natural
                       means may also be deemed native.


                                          Non-native species
   Any species that has colonised Great Britain since the end of the last Ice Age
                        with the direct assistance of man.




                                                     A2a
                                    Invasive Non-Native Species




                                                     A2b
                                    Invasive non-native species


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             199
      Any non-native species that has the ability to spread and cause negative
                   environmental, economic or societal impacts.
                                                     A3a

A       Name:_______________________________________


______________________________________________________________________

Q1:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about
        the subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a
        score based on how much you feel you know about Non-Native
        Species?
______________________________________________________________________

Q2:     Do you think Non-native Species represent an important issue?
        a) Yes
        b) Not as far as I am aware
        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion
______________________________________________________________________

Q3:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about
        the subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a
        score based on how much you feel you know about Invasive
        Non-Native Species?
______________________________________________________________________

Q4:     Do you think Invasive Non-native Species represent an important
        issue?
        a) Yes
        b) Not as far as I am aware
        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             200
                                                     A3b

A       Name:_______________________________________


Q1:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about
        the subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a
        score based on how much you feel you know about Non-Native
        Species?
______________________________________________________________________


Q2:     Do you think Non-native Species represent an important issue
        for the environment, conservation and agriculture?
        a) Yes
        b) Not as far as I am aware
        c) I don’t know enough about it to form an opinion


______________________________________________________________________


Q3:     On a scale from 0 to 5, where 0 means you know nothing about
        the subject and 5 means you know a great deal, please give a
        score based on how much you feel you know about Invasive
        Non-Native Species?
______________________________________________________________________


Q4:     To what extent do you support efforts to manage and control
        invasive non-native species in England? Please tick one of the
        following.
        a) I fully support efforts to manage/control invasive non-native
           species in England
        b) I largely support efforts to manage/control invasive non-native
           species in England although I have some reservations
        c) I am neither for or against efforts to manage/control invasive
           non-native species in England – I can see arguments both for
           and against it
        d) While there may be a few occasions when it may be
           necessary to manage/control invasive non-native species in
           England, I am largely opposed to the idea
        e) I am totally against the idea of managing/controlling invasive
           non-native species in England
        f) I’m unsure how I feel about it



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             201
                                                     A4
             Chinese mitten crab                                      Himalayan balsam
                Common carp                                          Japanese knotweed
               Egyptian goose                                      New Zealand pygmyweed
            Wireweed (a seaweed)                                         Ruddy duck
                Common frog                                            Signal crayfish
                    Roach                                                 Sunbleak
                 Water Vole                                          Topmouth gudgeon
                 Cormorant                                                Water fern
                     Pike                                              Water primrose
               American mink                                               Zander
               Giant hogweed                                            Zebra mussel
             Floating pennywort


                                                     A5
  Native species that are not managed                          Native species that are actively
                                                                         managed
                 Common frog                                                 Cormorant
                   Roach                                                        Pike
                  Water Vole
     Non-native species that are not                        Non-native species that are actively
               managed                                                  managed
             Chinese mitten crab                                       American mink
                Common carp                                            Giant hogweed
               Egyptian goose                                        Floating pennywort
            Wireweed (a seaweed)                                      Himalayan balsam
                                                                     Japanese knotweed
                                                                   New Zealand pygmyweed
                                                                         Ruddy duck
                                                                       Signal crayfish
                                                                          Sunbleak
                                                                     Topmouth gudgeon
                                                                          Water fern
                                                                       Water primrose
                                                                           Zander
                                                                        Zebra mussel




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             202
                                                          A6



                       Non-Native Species
               Facts & Figures
               • A recent study found over 2,700 non-native species living in England of
                 which the majority (⅔) are plants
               • Most non-native species do not cause problems The majority of our
                 agricultural species (wheat, barley, sheep etc.) are not native to Britain.
                 Only a minority become invasive and have negative impacts
               • Non-native species spread through a variety of pathways e.g.
                       – intentional
                       – unintentional
                       – attached to ships or in ships’ ballast water
                       – via the horticulture trade
               • The number of non-native species is likely to increase due to the growth
                 in world trade and global tourism. Climate change may also allow
                 species that are currently benign in Britain to become invasive.
                                                                                                      10




                       Non-Native Species
               Cost
               •   It is difficult to get an accurate estimate of the financial cost of non-native
                   species to the British economy
                   •    recent estimates put it between £2 - £6 billion per annum
                   •    the cost of control of invasive water weeds alone is over £3 million per annum
                        in Britain
                   •    the less-quantifiable costs to biodiversity and ecosystems are very hard to
                        quantify in monetary terms


               Legal Position
               •   It is an offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 to release or
                   allow a non-native animal species to escape into the wild
               •   It is also an offence to plant or cause a non-native plant species listed in
                   the Act to grow in the wild                                               11




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             203
                     Invasive Non-Native Species
               Why Manage?
               • After habitat loss, invasive non-native species are the
                 second biggest threat to biodiversity worldwide and, on
                 islands (like GB), are considered to be the biggest threat
               Invasive non-native species can have lots of
               negative impacts. These include:
               •   Transmission of disease to native species
               •   Competition with native species
               •   Damaging the sport
               •   Predation on native species
               •   Increased flooding risk
               •   Infrastructure damage
               •   Human health risks                                                                      12




                     Invasive Non-Native Species
                   Government Strategy
                   1. Prevent NNS from gaining foothold in UK
                                                                                        Harder & more ££


                   2. Focus on those NNS either known to be or thought
                      to have potential to become invasive – aim is to
                      eradicate them before they become established
                   3. Once established, the cost of eradication is often
                      prohibitive
                     •   It is usually a case of mitigation measures and control e.g.
                         localised or possibly regular removal
                     •   Although there have been successful examples of
                         eradication

                                                                                                           13




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                204
3       Qualitative Research: Trade Representatives
3.1     Discussions Guides
3.1.1 FACT REpresentative

Introduction

   Invite respondent to introduce himself and the organisation he represents (FACT –
    Fisheries and Angling Conservation Trust), his role in it and his
    involvement/relationship with the Non Native Species Secretariat

   Explain purpose of interview is for me a non angler - to get a better appreciation of
    anglers, their behaviour and attitudes etc particularly in relation to the issue of non-
    native species. My focus is on freshwater angling.

   Starting point: any basics facts and figures about angling in England/UK

                the number of anglers

                the different types of angling

                the different types of angler e.g. the amateur hobbyist, the professional
                 angler and all shades in between

                how angling is organised as a sport e.g. what proportion belong to angling
                 clubs, take part in organised competitions etc

                key organisations that anglers likely to belong to or are influenced by

                key media sources – what do anglers read

Non-native Species

   What is FACT’s stance in relation to non-native species

                is it an important issue? why/why not?

                what would be FACT’s definition of an invasive NNS?

                does it consider all NNS to be a problem/just INNS?

                does their stance only relate to non-native fish or does it extend to other
                 animals/plants?




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             205
                what species, in particular, would FACTs consider to be INNS or NNS that
                 need to be controlled?

                what message would/does FACT communicate to anglers about NNS?

   Would anglers typically be aware that there is an issue relating to NNS?

                if I was to ask the same questions of an angler, what sorts of responses
                 would I get

                        is it an important issue? why/why not?

                        are all NNS felt to be a problem/just INNS?

                        would their stance only relate to non-native fish or would it extend
                         to other animals/plants?

   Do some anglers welcome the presence of INNS in England’s waterways? What
    arguments would they use in support of their position? What counter arguments
    might FACTs use to try and persuade them otherwise?

Behaviour

   Would anglers recognise a NNS if they caught one?

                Does it depend on the species?

                What could be done to help anglers recognise NNS?

                What could be done to encourage them to report NNS to the authorities?

   What determines whether an angler kills a fish he has caught as opposed to
    releasing it back into the waterway?

                If the caught and recognised a NNS, what are they likely to do with it –
                 release it back into the water?

                What could be done to encourage them to kill NNS they catch?

                Are they likely to be aware of the legal position?

   Is there any evidence to suggest that some anglers have deliberately introduced
    NNS to this country or have deliberately encouraged their spread – for example, by
    catching them in one waterway and releasing them in another?

                Any idea of how often this happens?


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             206
                What is the motivation behind such behaviour?

                What arguments could be used to dissuade them from this?

   What would anglers’ views be on the issue of bio-security

                Would they recognise it as an important issue? why/why not?

                For those who do recognise it as an issue, what sorts of things would they
                 be doing (e.g. cleaning rods, nets, waders, boats etc after each trip/ when
                 moving between different waterways)

                What arguments could be used to persuade anglers of the importance of
                 bio-security?

Communicating with Anglers

   If a government body such as NNSS or Defra wanted to communicate with anglers
    what would be the most effective ways of doing this?

                what role might angling clubs and other angling organisations play? Which
                 organisations?

                what papers/magazines etc might represent effective channels? Would
                 editorial coverage be more effective than a direct call for action by
                 DEFRA?

                are there any well respected people in the angling community that other
                 anglers would listen to and who could possibly act as spokes people

                reactions to other possible methods of communicating with anglers:

                        information leaflets

                        notice boards at fisheries

                        information at retail outlets

                        a website

                        facilities for the safe disposal of NNS

Summing up

   What would the consider to be the 2-3 most important things that NNSS and/or
    Defra could do to persuade anglers of the importance of NNS which would
    encourage them to change their behaviour?



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             207
3.1.2 Retail Trade Representatives

Introductions

   Moderator explains the focus of the interview is three-fold:

                to gain a better appreciation of the size and structure of the retail trade
                 (horticultural trade, aquatic plants & animals, pet trade) prior to
                 undertaking a formal survey

                to get some insights into the attitudes and behaviour of the trade in
                 relation to INNS

                to consider what could be done to encourage the trade to take more
                 positive steps to address the issue of INNS

   Respondent introduces himself and the organisation(s) he represents and what his
    role is in relation to INNS

The Trade

   You’re talking to someone who knows almost nothing about the retail trade so I
    would like you to provide me with a crash course to help me understand the size and
    structure of the retail trade and how it functions. My main interest is that part of the
    trade that sells plants and animals to the public

   overall size/structure

                in terms of number of organisations and different types of organisations
                 e.g. multiple specialist, multiple generalist, independents with small
                 number of outlets, independent with sole outlet, etc

                to what extent is there a cross-over between garden, aquatic and pet –
                 either the same organisation offering all/some or one type of outlet renting
                 space to another e.g. aquatic centre in a garden centre

                relative importance of different parts of the trade in terms of
                 sales/customers/footfall etc

   decision makers:

                who are the key decision makers especially in terms of what is stocked
                 and where it is sourced; are there 1-2 key decision makers or several; with
                 the multiples, are the decisions taken at head office level or more locally?

                do retailers operate a policy in terms of what they do/do not stock?


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             208
   stock:

                from where do retailers source their stock? reasons for this

                what factors drive the choice of stock – e.g. easily propagated stock that is
                 cheap to source, customer demand, trying to find a point of difference

                what are the key steps involved in terms of identifying a source of supply
                 to having it on sale in an outlet?

   current trends:

                what are the current or recent trends within the industry? what has been
                 driving this?

   industry influencers/channels of communication

                what are the key trade organisations or other bodies that retailers are
                 likely to belong to or take note of

                are there industry publications that retailers are likely to receive and which
                 would influence their views

                are there other key influencers that retailers respect

                are there other channels of communication that are widely used by the
                 trade

   trade sources

                are there directories or other sources that provide listings of the trade

INNS

   To what extent is the trade aware of the issue of INNS

                if yes: what is driving this level of awareness? what information is the
                 trade receiving? from where?

                if no: why is this?

   How knowledgeable is the trade about the species they stock – would they know
    which species are native and which are not? Would they know which non-native
    species are or have the potential to be invasive?

   Which INNS are currently on sale in England at the moment?



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             209
                how widely available are these species – stocked by all/many/some/a few
                 retailers

                what are the main drivers behind this: customer demand, availability, ease
                 of importing, costs/profitability etc

                to what extent is the sale of such species important in terms of
                 revenue/profits?

   To what extent is the trade aware of the horticultural code of practice? Why is this?
    To what extent do they adhere to it? What are the tangible signs that it is being
    adhered to?

   What is the trade’s view of the issue:

                an important issue and one that they need to be taking steps to address

                an important issue but one that other people should be tackling? who?
                 why would they consider it an issue for someone else to tackle?

                a relatively unimportant issue; why is this?

   What steps are individual retailers taking to address the issue?

                would they have a policy in place relating to INNS?

                not stocking certain species?

                providing POS information and advice to customers – does this include
                 information on plant labels for example or advice on how to manage and
                 dispose of such species?

Encouraging the Trade to Address the Issue of INNS

   In the respondent’s opinion, what would be the most effective ways of encouraging
    the trade to take more positive steps to address this issue?

   Views on encouraging the trade not to stock certain species:

                a ban on the import and sale of certain species

                a voluntary ban on the sale of certain species – how could this be
                 introduced in a way that would be effective; which industry bodies would
                 need to be involved? how could it be policed?

                clearer guidelines about what is invasive, the problems they cause and the
                 reasons why they should not be sold


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             210
   Views on encouraging the trade to provide customers with information and
    guidelines; what form might this take:

                information on product labels – how explicit should this be; what should it
                 consist of?
                leaflets/posters at PoS
                better informed staff able to offer advice
                whenever a certain species is purchased, the customer is handed a leaflet
                 explaining the issues of INNS
                information on how to dispose of unwanted pets/plants
                facilities for the disposal of such species

   Views on the government raising awareness of INNS among the public

                would the trade be for or against this

                what sort of messages would they like to see conveyed in any campaign?

   What help/assistance would the trade want/need from the government/Defra

                to what extent would the trade welcome or resist information and advice
                 from the government/Defra (probe on both)? why is this?

   What role should trade bodies play? Is the trade more likely to respond to trade
    bodies than the government/Defra?

   What lessons, if any, can be learned from previous examples – for example, a few
    years ago there was a sudden and dramatic shift away from the sale of peat from
    unsustainable sources – how did this come about – who was it driven by (trade,
    consumer, government, trade bodies etc) and what were the significant factors that
    resulted in the change




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             211
4          Quantitative Research: The General Public
4.1        Structuring the Sample
The sample was structured to be representative of the population of adults (16+) in
England in terms of gender, age, SEG, Government Office Regions and location (urban
and rural). The relevant profile data for England are provided in 4.1.1. and the sample
profile we set out to achieve is described in 4.1.2.

4.1.1 Overall Profile of Population Aged 16+ in England

 Gender                                    %    GOR*                                       %
 Male                                      48   SE                                      16.3
 Female                                    52   SW                                      10.0
                                         100    London                                  14.6
 Age                                            East of England                         10.9
 16-24                                     13   East Midlands                            8.5
 25-34                                     19   West Midlands                           10.8
 35-44                                     18   Yorks & Humberside                      10.1
 45-54                                     15   North West                              13.7
 55-64                                     16   North East                               5.1
 65+                                       19   Total                                  100.0
                                         100
 SEG
 ABC1                                      50
 C2DE                                      50
                                         100
 #Source: TNS Omnibus 2007                      *Source: DEFRA Rural Focus Reports.
                                                Data based on 2001 Census


 Location*                   %

 Major urban                 33

 Large urban                 14
                                          urban (81%)
 Other urban                 27

 Large market town            8

 Rural town                   9

 Village                      7            rural (19%)

 Dispersed                    3




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             212
The seven categories of location shown above are based on a classification used in the
census. The Urban vs. Rural split is obtained by combining the top 4 and bottom 3
categories. The percentages correspond to those used by TNS Omnibus.

Defra has also developed a classification at the local authority level. Any one local
authority area is likely to include a mix of two or more of the above location types. The
Local Authority classification derives an overall ‘measure’ and involves 6 categories:

       major urban

       large urban

       other urban

       significant rural

       rural 50 (50% of population living in rural towns, villages or dispersed)

       rural 80 (80% of population living in rural towns, villages or dispersed).

This definition was used as the basis of drawing the sample for this research. The
method of selecting the research locations is described in 4.1.3.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             213
4.1.2 Sample Structure

                                 National
                                                 Sample Profile
                                  Profile
 Gender                             %            %            N
 Male                               48           50          300
 Female                             52           50          300
                                   100          100          600


 Age
 16-24                              13          16.7         100
 25-34                              19          16.7         100
 35-44                              18          16.7         100
 45-54                              15          16.7         100
 55-64                              16          16.7         100
 65+                                19          16.7         100
                                   100          100          600


 SEG
 ABC1                               50           50          300
 C2DE                               50           50          300
                                   100          100          600
 GOR*
 SE                                16.3          12          72
 SW                                10.0          11          66
 London                            14.6          11          66
 East of England                   10.9          11          66
 East Midlands                     8.5           11          66
 West Midlands                     10.8          11          66
 Yorks & Humberside                10.1          11          66
 North West                        13.7          11          66
 North East                        5.1           11          66
 Total                             100          100          600


 Location
 Urban                              81           80          480
 Rural                              19           20          120
                                                100          600




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             214
The sample profile was weighted to the national profile in the analysis using rim
weighting procedures on the following variables: age, GOR and location. The gender
and SEG variables were not weighted as the achieved sample profile was very close to
the national profile.

4.1.3 Drawing the Sample

The sample was drawn from 100 locations. The sampling points were distributed across
the GORs and urban/rural locations as shown below.

             SE        SW       Lond.    E of E    EM       WM        Y&H      NW       NE
 urban          9        8         11       8         8        9        9         9        9        80
 rural          3        3         0        3         3        2        2         2        2        20
               12        11        11      11        11       11        11       11       11       100




At each sampling point, we drew a sample quota as follows:

 male                          3
 female                        3


 16-24                         1
 25-34                         1
 35-44                         1
 45-54                         1
 55-64                         1
 65+                           1


 ABC1                          3
 C2DE                          3




The main challenge was in how to select locations that reflect the urban vs. rural split
and, in particular, choosing sampling points that met the definition of rural The Defra
classification based on the six categories described above has been developed at the
local authority level. This is helpful in selecting areas that fall into each category but it
was not precise enough for our purposes – a local authority that is defined as rural may
include some suburban or urban towns. Sampling locations were selected using a




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             215
combination of an interactive tool available at
(http://www.rerc.ac.uk/interactivemaps/tool2.html) and large scale OS maps as follows:

       For each GOR we selected a number of local authorities that are classified as
        Urban (Major urban or Large urban), Suburban (Other urban or Significant rural)
        and Rural (Rural 50 or Rural 80). This was done using the interactive tool and
        applying the following criteria:

                within each category, we selected a mix of sub-categories; for example, in
                 choosing four ‘Suburban’ local authorities we aimed to select two ‘Other
                 urban’ and two ‘Significant rural’

                aiming to get a spread of locations across the GOR

       We then chose specific urban and suburban locations by choosing appropriate
        cities and towns

       The rural locations were selected by checking on maps for small towns and
        villages not designated as urban or suburban on the interactive map.

From a practical point of view, we did not want to be too prescriptive in terms of which
rural locations should be used for the interviews. We needed some flexibility in case
there are no suitable interviewers to cover a location. For this reason, we selected more
rural locations than we needed and allow the field agency to select those where they
had suitable interviewers.

4.1.4 Sample Locations

The following instructions were given to interviewers regarding the choice of locations.

       A list of sampling locations are given below. These are grouped by GOR.

       In the tables: the red and yellow rows refer to urban locations. Red represents
        major cities/conurbations while yellow represents other urban areas. Green
        represents rural locations. On the accompanying maps a slightly different colour
        coding is used (major cities/conurbations = Red or Orange; other urban areas =
        lighter and darker shades of yellow; rural locations = lighter and darker shades of
        green).


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             216
       Wherever possible, each table gives 2 choices for each location – either one of
        these can be used but not both. The suggested locations are highlighted in bold
        and underlined; the alternative locations are shaded in a lighter colour. The
        sampling locations have been chosen from different Local Authority areas. Within
        each Local Authority, one or more sampling points have been given. One or all of
        these can be used to achieve the quota of 6 interviews. Care needs to be taken
        to ensure the actual locations used fall within the Local Authority area. For
        example, the Manchester sampling point should lie within the City of Manchester
        local authority while the Trafford sampling point should fall within the Trafford
        council area.

       With the urban locations (red and yellow rows of the tables), the Local Authority
        name and the chosen sampling point often go under the same name. Where the
        Local Authority name does not relate to a particular town or city, one or more
        options are given. For example, Mole Valley council (in the South East) where
        the sample locations are either Dorking or Leatherhead.

       Care needs to be taken with the rural locations. These must all be small towns
        and villages and these will not correspond to the main town(s) within the Local
        Authority area. We have provided a range of possible examples to choose from
        although other examples are possible, provided they are small rural towns and
        villages. It would be perfectly acceptable to recruit half the sample from one
        village and half from a nearby village. If you decide to use sampling points
        that are different from those shown, you must check with us first.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             217
East of England

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a                                                                                                                                          South Benfleet / Canvey
               Southend on Sea                             Southend on Sea                             Castle Point
                                                                                                                                                  Island

      1b                                                                                                                                          Rickmansworth /
               Watford                                     Watford                                     Three Rivers                               Abbots Langley / South
                                                                                                                                                  Oxey

      1c                                                   Theydon Bois / Waltham Abbey
               Epping Forest                                                                           Broxbourne                                 Chesthunt / Hoddesdon
                                                           / Loughton

      1d                                                   Hemel Hempstead /
               Dacorum                                                                                 Rochford                                   Rayleigh / Hawkwell
                                                           Berhamsted

      2a       Norwich                                     Norwich                                     Great Yarmouth                             Great Yarmouth

      2b       Bedford                                     Bedford                                     North Herts                                Hitchin / Letchworth

      2c       Brentwood                                   Brentwood                                   Chelmsford                                 Chelmsford

      2d       St Albans                                   St Albans                                   Hertsmere                                  Borehamwood / Bushey

      3a                                                                                                                                          Chatteris / Doddington /
               Huntingdonshire                             Sawtry / Great Gidding / Stilton            Fenland
                                                                                                                                                  Ranson Moor

      3b                                                   Great Yedham / Sible                                                                   Kedington / Ixworth /
               Braintree                                                                               St Edmundsbury
                                                           Hedington / Castle Hedrington                                                          Great Barton / Bardwell

      3c                                                   Saxmundham / Aldeburgh/                                                                Elmswell / Needham
               Suffolk Coastal                                                                         Mid Suffolk
                                                           Leison / Framlingham                                                                   Market / Wetherden


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               218
                                                                                                                                          2a
                                                                                                                          2a


                                                                       3a



                                                           3a


                                                                                                     3b           3c
                                               2b                                                                                  3c




                                                           2b                                   3b




                                            1d       2d
                                                                  1c         1c            2c
                                                          2d                       2c
                                                                                                          1d

                                                    1b
                                                                                                           1a


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               219
East Midlands

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a       Leicester                                   Leicester (city)                            Oadby & Wigston                            Oadby / Wigston

      1b       Nottingham                                  Nottingham (city)                           Gedling                                    Arnold / Carlton

      1c                                                   Stapleford / Beeston /
               Broxtowe                                                                                Erewash                                    Long Eaton / Breaston
                                                           Eastwood

      2a       Chesterfield                                Chesterfield                                Mansfield                                  Mansfield

      2b       Northampton                                 Northampton                                 Corby                                      Corby

      2c                                                   Loughborough / Quorndon /
               Charnwood                                                                               Hinckley & Bosworth                        Hinckley
                                                           Shepshed

      2d       Lincoln                                     Lincoln                                     Boston                                     Bosyon

      2e                                                   Belper / Hearnor / Ripley /
               Amber Valley                                                                            South Derbyshire                           Swadlincote / Melbourne
                                                           Duffield

      3a                                                   Horncastle / Hundleby /                                                                Ruskington /
               East Lindsey                                                                            North Kesteven
                                                           Coningsby                                                                              Metherington

      3b                                                   Middleton Cheney / Kings
                                                                                                                                                  Gailsborough / Hollowell /
               South Northamptonshire                      Sutton / Roade / Hartwell /                 Daventry
                                                                                                                                                  Creaton / Ravensthorpe
                                                           Denton / Brafield on the Green

      3c                                                                                                                                          Misterton / Walkeringha/
                                                           Southwell / Boughton / Sutton
               Newark & Sherwood                                                                       Bassettlaw                                 Gringley on the Hill /
                                                           on rent / Collingham
                                                                                                                                                  Beckingham


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               220
                                                                                               2d




                                                                                          3c
                                                                2a                                                            3a


                                                                           2a
                                                                                          3c
                                                                                                          3a
                                                                2e    1c        1b
                                                                           1b                                            2d
                                                                     1c

                                                           2e
                                                                            2c



                                                                2c

                                                                                                    2b

                                                                 1a
                                                                                     3b

                                                                                          2b

                                                                                     3b




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               221
London

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a       Barking and Dagenham                        any                                         Havering                                   any

      1b       Brent                                       any                                         Harrow                                     any

      1c       Croydon                                     any                                         Sutton                                     any

      1d       Enfield                                     any                                         Barnett                                    any

      1e       Hammersmith & Fulham                        any                                         Kensington & Chelsea                       any

      1f       Islington                                   any                                         Camden                                     any

      1g       Lambeth                                     any                                         Southwark                                  any

      1h       Newham                                      any                                         Hackney                                    any

      1i       Waltham Forest                              any                                         Haringey                                   any

      1j       Hillingdon                                  any                                         Hounslow                                   any

      1k       Bromley                                     any                                         Bexley                                     any




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               222
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               223
                                                                                    North East

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a       Newcastle                                   Newcastle

      1b       Chester-le-Street                           Chester-le-Street
                                                                                                       Gateshead                                  Gateshead
      1c       Sunderland                                  Sunderland / Washington

      1d       North Tyneside                              Whitely Bay / Bolden/ Hebburn

      1e       Stockton on Tees                            Stockton-on-Tees/Billingham

      1f       Middlesbrough                               Middlesbrough
                                                                                                       South Tyneside                             South Shields
      1g                                                   Redcar / Markse by the sea /
               Redcar & Cleveland                          Saltburn by the sea /
                                                           Guisborough

      2a       Darlington                                  Darlington

      2b       Hartlepool                                  Hartlepool

      3a                                                                                                                                          Bamburgh / Seahouses /
                                                           Alnwick / Alnmouth / Amble /
               Alnwick                                                                                 Berwick on Tweed                           Wooler / Middleton Hall/
                                                           Thropton / Rothbury
                                                                                                                                                  Chatton

      3b                                                   Barnard Castle / Middleton in                                                          Stanhope / Tow Law /
               Teasdale                                                                                Wear Valley
                                                           Tees / Mickleton / Bowes                                                               Wolsingham




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               224
                                                                    3a




                                                                           3a




                                                                                  1a        1d



                                                                                                 1c
                                                                                       1b


                                                               3b

                                                                                                           2b

                                                                    3b                                1e
                                                                                            2a              1f     1g




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               225
North West
                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

                                                                                                                                                  Stretford / Sale /
      1a       Manchester                                  Manchester (city)                           Trafford
                                                                                                                                                  Urmiston / Altrincham

                                                           Knowsley / Huyton / Kirky /
      1b       Knowsley                                                                                Liverpool                                  Liverpool
                                                           Roby

      1c       Oldham                                      Oldham                                      Rochdale                                   Rochdale

                                                                                                                                                  Lytham St Annes /
      1d       Wyre                                        Fleetwood / Thornton                        Fylde
                                                                                                                                                  Kirkham

                                                           Birkenhead / Bebington /
      1e       Wirral                                                                                  Ellesmere Port & Neston                    Ellesmere Port / Neston
                                                           Heswell / Wallasy

      2a       Barrow in Furness                           Barrow in Furness                           Blackburn with Darwen                      Blackburn

                                                                                                                                                  Nelson/ Colne /
      2b       Burnley                                     Burnley / Padiham                           Pendle
                                                                                                                                                  Barrowford

                                                                                                                                                  Lancaster / Heysham /
      2c       Carlisle                                    Carlisle                                    Lancaster
                                                                                                                                                  Morecombe

      2d       Crewe & Nantwich                            Crewe / Nantwich                            Chester                                    Chester

                                                           Windermere / Ambleside /
                                                                                                                                                  Kirkby Stephen / Alston /
      3a       South lakes                                 Milnthorpe / Grange over                    Eden
                                                                                                                                                  Appleby in Westmorland
                                                           Sands

                                                           Cleator Moor / Egremont / St                                                           Longridge / Salesbury /
      3b       Copeland                                                                                Ribble Valley
                                                           Bees / Millom                                                                          Whalley


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               226
                                                                                         3a

                                                                                                                            2c
                                                                     3b
                                                                                 3a




                                                             2a


                                                                  1d                          3b
                                                                                                                  2b

                                                                                                                       1c


                                                                     1b

                                                                                                                    1a

                                                                1e



                                                                          2d



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               227
South East
                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a       Dartford                                    Dartford                                    Gravesham                                  Gravesend / Northfleet

      1b       Mole Valley                                 Dorking / Leatherhead                       Woking                                     Woking

      1c       Reading                                     Reading                                     Wokingham                                  Wokingham

      1d       Southampton                                 Southampton                                 Portsmouth                                 Portsmouth

                                                                                                                                                  Broadstairs / Margate /
      2a       Canterbury                                  Canterbury                                  Thanet
                                                                                                                                                  Ramsgate

      2b       Milton Keynes                               Milton Keynes                               Oxford                                     Oxford

                                                           Ringwood / New Milton /
      2c       New Forest                                                                              West Berks                                 Newbury / Thatcham
                                                           Lymington

                                                                                                                                                  Fleet / Church
      2d       Guildford                                   Guildford                                   Hart
                                                                                                                                                  Crookham / Yateley

      2e       Tunbridge Wells                             Tunbridge Wells                             Maidstone                                  Maidstone

                                                                                                                                              Uffington / Stanford in the
                                                           Ludgershall / Marsh Gibbon/
      3a       Aylesbury Vale                                                                          Vale of White Horse                    Vale / Shellingford /
                                                           Quainton / Stewkley
                                                                                                                                              Charney Bassett / Lydford

                                                                                                                                                  Mayfield / Heathfield /
      3b       Chichester                                  Midhurst / Petworth / Fernhurts             Wealden
                                                                                                                                                  Wadhurst

                                                           Wallingford / Watlington /                                                             Chipping Norton /
      3c       South Oxfordshire                                                                       West Oxfordshire
                                                           Cholsey / Sonning Common                                                               Charlbury / Hook Norton


Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               228
                                                                 2b



                                                           3a

                                3c
                                           2b


                                     3a            3c
                                                                                                             1a
                                                                                    1c
                                          2c
                                                                                                                                                            2a
                                                                          1b                                                                       2a
                                                            2d
                                                                        2d                                                   2e
                                                                                    1b

                                                                                                                       2e


                                                                                                           3b
                                                                 3b
                             2c



                                                           1d




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               229
South West
                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                        Sampling points

      1a       Bournemouth                                 Bournemouth                                 Poole                                  Poole

                                                                                                                                              Yate / Sodbury / Thornbury /
      1b       Bristol                                     Bristol                                     South Gloucester
                                                                                                                                              Winterbourne / Kingswood

      2a       Gloucester                                  Gloucester                                  Cheltenham                             Cheltenham

      2b       Plymouth                                    Plymouth

      2c       Swindon                                     Swindon                                     Bath & NE Somerset                     Bath

      2d       Exeter                                      Exeter                                      Weymouth & Portland                    Weymouth

      2e       Torbay                                      Torquay / Paignton / Brixham

                                                                                                                                              Bridgewater / Burnham on
      2f       Taunton Deane                               Taunton                                     Sedgemoor
                                                                                                                                              sea

                                                                                                                                              Gussage St Michael /
                                                           Durrington / Amesbury /                                                            Gussage All Saints /
      3a       Salisbury                                                                               East Dorset
                                                           Shrewton / Bulford                                                                 Wimborne St Giles /
                                                                                                                                              Edmonsham / Verwood

                                                           Wadebridge / Padstow /                                                             Great Torrington /
      3b       North Cornwall                                                                          Torridge
                                                           Camelford                                                                          Holsworthy / Hartland

                                                           Bearminster / Punknowle /                                                          Sturminster Newton /
      3c       West Dorset                                 Chickerwell / Abbotsbury /                  North Dorset                           Marnhall / Stalbridge /
                                                           Ouddletown / Buckland Newton                                                       Winterborne / Whirechurch



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               230
                                                                                                                         2a




                                                                                                                  1b                                     2c


                                                                                                                                 2c


                                                                                                                2f
                                                                                                                                                        3a
                                                                                                         2f
                                                                   3b                                                                   3c         3a
                                                                                                                            3c
                                                       3b
                                                                                                                                                             1a
                                                                                                                2d
                                                                                             2e


                                                                    2b




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               231
West Midlands

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

                                                                                                                                                  Oldbury / Smethwick /
      1a       Birmingham                                  Birmingham                                  Sandwell
                                                                                                                                                  West Bormwich

      1b       Wolverhampton                               Wolverhampton                               Dudley                                     Dudley / Halsowen

      1c       Stoke on Trent                              Stoke                                       Newcastle under Lyme                       Newcastle under Lyme

      1d       Coventry                                    Coventry                                    Solihull                                   Solihull

      2a       Nuneaton and Bedworth                       Nuneaton / Bedworth                         Tamworth                                   Tamworth

      2b       Telford and Wreakin                         Telford / Bedworth                          Shrewsbury & Atcham                        Shrewsbury

                                                                                                                                                  Kidderminster / Stourport
      2c       Bromsgrove                                  Bromsgrove                                  Wyre Forest
                                                                                                                                                  on Severn

      2d       Stafford                                    Stafford                                    East Staffordshire                         Burton on Trent

                                                           Warwick / Leamington Spa /
      2e       Warwick                                                                                 Rugby                                      Rugby
                                                           Kenilworth

                                                           Lydbury North / Clun / Bishops                                                         Much Wenlock /
      3a       South Shropshire                                                                        Bridgenorth
                                                           Castle                                                                                 Albrighton / Shifnal

                                                           Ledbury / Much Marcle / Hay                                                            Upton on Severn /
      3b       Herefordshire                               on Wye / Whitney on Wye /                   Malvern Hills                              Longdon / Malvern Wells
                                                           Kington                                                                                / Little Malvern




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               232
                                                                                      1c      1c



                                                                                            2d                2d


                                                                            2b
                                                              2b
                                                                                                                      2a
                                                                                               1b
                                                                              3a
                                                                                                    1a                          2a
                                                         3a                                    1b           1a

                                                                                       2c                          1d        1d
                                                                                                    2c




                                                              3b
                                                                                       3b




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               233
Yorks & Humberside

                First Choice                                                                           Second Choice

               Local Authority                             Sampling points                             Local Authority                            Sampling points

      1a       Leeds                                       Leeds

      1b       Bradford                                    Bradford                                    Kirklees                                   Huddersfield

      1c       Wakefield                                   Wakefield

      1d       Sheffield                                   Sheffield
                                                                                                       Rotherham                                  Rotherham
      1e       Hull                                        Hull

                                                                                                                                                  Harrogate / Ripon /
      2a       York                                        York                                        Harrogate
                                                                                                                                                  Knaresborough

                                                           Grimsby / Cleethorpes /
      2b       North East Lincolnshire
                                                           Immingham                                   Calderdale                                 Halifax
      2c       Scarborough                                 Scarborough / Whitby

                                                           Barnsley / Worsborough /
      2d       Barnsley                                                                                Doncaster                                  Doncaster
                                                           Royston / Dearne

                                                           Pocklington / Hornsea/                                                                 Brigg / Broughton /
      3a       East Riding                                 Withersea / Keyingham /North                North Lincolnshire                         Barton on Humber /
                                                           Newbold                                                                                Goxhill / Ulceby

                                                                                                                                                  Bedale / Easingwold /
      3b       Richmondshire                               Richmond / Catterick                        Hambleton
                                                                                                                                                  Thirsk




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               234
                                                                                                  2c

                                        3b                       3b




                                                       2a


                                                                                 2a
                                                                                                           3a
                                         1b
                                                            1a
                                                                                                                       1d
                                2b/c
                                                                 1c
                                             1a/b/c                                                          3a

                                                            2d                    2d                                               2b



                                                                      1d/e
                                                            1e




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                               235
4.2         The Interview
4.2.1 General Public Questionnaire

                                                                           Enter 4 digit Location code:


            The survey is being carried out on behalf of DEFRA - the Department for the Environment, Food and
            Rural Affairs. DEFRA is interested in hearing people's opinions on a number of things about wildlife.
            The interview will take about half an hour to complete.

                                                      SECTION A: Quotas & Demographics

            First of all, I should like to ask you a few questions about yourself. This is to ensure we interview a
            good cross-section of the general public

      A1    Record Respondent's Gender
                male ...................................................    1           female ................................................      2


      A2    Use SHOWCARD A2: record Respondent's Age
                16-24 .......................... 1 35-44 ..........................                  3            55-64 ..........................       5
                25-34 .......................... 2 45-54 ..........................                  4            65 and above .............             6


      A3    Record whether respondent has any children (please record whether the respondent has any
            children of their own - so in the case of a teenage respondent living in the parental home you should
            use code 1 unless respondent has a child of their own)
                  Does not have children ...................... 1    Has 1 or more child aged 12-16 .........                 3
                  Has 1 or more child aged under 12 ....        2    Has 1 or more son/daughter aged 17
                                                                     or older ............................................... 4


            ASK the following questions as necessary to establish social grade of the Chief Wage Earner
            Note to data entry: enter response to A3g only

      A4a   Occupation of Chief Wage Earner                                       A4d    If Local Authority/Civil Service/Armed
                                                                                         Forces: ask for grade/rank


      A4b   If Retired: ask for previous occupation and if
            private pension received                                              A4e    Training/Qualifications:



      A4c   If Self employed/Managerial: ask for                                  A4f    Industry:
            number of employees responsible for



      A4g          Now code Social Grade
                      AB................. 1                C1 .................   2        C2 .................       3        DE.................       4


      A5    Record full postcode: explain this                                    A6     Would you say that the location where
            information will only be used to analyse                                     you live is... READ OUT (except DK)
            where the people we interview are from                                         Urban .............................................  1
                                                                                           Rural .............................................. 2
                                                                                           Semi urban/semi-rural....................            3
                                                                                           Don't Know.....................................      4




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                             236
                                                     SECTION B: Animals and Birds

     B1   Do you, or does any member of your family that lives with you, have any pets or keep any
          animals or birds?
              Yes ............................... 1 ASK B2-B8 No ................................. 2 SKIP TO Section C



     B2   SHOWCARD B2
          Which of the following types of animals or birds do you and/or other members of your
          immediate family own?
          PROMPT TILL EXHAUSTED: any others?
          1 Cat............................      01 23 Tropical fish .............         23 44 Salamander .............              44
          2 Dog...........................       02 24 Saltwater/marine                       45 Snake ......................          45
                                                 03 fish................................   24                                          46
          3 Chinchilla..................                                                      46 Terrapin ...................
          4 Ferret........................       04 25 Other type of fish                     47 Tortoise ...................          47
                                                 05 (tick here & write in
          5 Gerbil........................                                                 25 48 Other
                                                    below @ B4).................
          6 Guinea Pig................           06                                           reptile/amphibian (tick
                                                     ..................................... 26
                                                 07                                           here & write in below
          7 Hamster....................                                                    27                                          48
                                                     .....................................    @ B6) ...........................
          8 Horse/pony ...............           08
                                                     ..................................... 28  .....................................   49
          9 Mouse.......................         09
                                                     ..................................... 29 50 Spider ......................         50
          10 Rabbit .....................        10
                                                     ..................................... 30 51 Stick insect ..............           51
          11 Rat...........................      11
                                                    31 Budgerigar...............           31 52 Other
          12 Other small                                                                   32 insect/invertebrate (tick
                                                    32 Canary.....................
          mammal (tick here &                                                                 here & write in below
                                                 12 33 Finch........................       33
          write in below @ B3) ....                                                           @ B7) ...........................        52
                                                 13 34 Parrot.......................       34
           .....................................                                               .....................................   53
           ..................................... 14 35 Other type of bird                                                              54
                                                                                               .....................................
                                                 15 (tick here & write in
           .....................................                                           35 55 Some other type of
                                                    below @ B5).................
           ..................................... 16                                           pet (tick here & write in
                                                     ..................................... 36
                                                 17                                           below @ B8).................             55
           .....................................                                           37
                                                     .....................................                                             56
           ..................................... 18                                            .....................................
                                                     ..................................... 38
                                                 19                                            .....................................   57
           .....................................                                           39
                                                     .....................................                                             58
           ..................................... 20                                            .....................................
                                                     ..................................... 40
                                                                                               .....................................   59
          21 Goldfish (in                                                                  41
                                                 21 41 Frog/Toad................
          aquarium/pond etc) ......                                                           60 Any type of farm
                                                    42 Lizard.......................       42                                          60
          22 Koi carp (in                                                                     animal...........................
                                                 22 43 Newt ........................       43
          aquarium/pond etc) ......

     B3   Other small mammal                                                B6    Other type of amphibian/reptile



     B4   Other type of fish                                                B7    Other type of insect/invertebrate (record if
                                                                                  kept in a tank/aquarium or in a pond)


     B5   Other type of bird
                                                                            B8    Some other type of pet




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                            237
                                                                     SECTION C: Gardens
     C1   ASK ALL
          Do you have a garden?

                 Yes ..............................................................................................    1   ASK C2

                 No ................................................................................................   2   SKIP to Section D


     C2   ASK ALL WITH GARDEN
          Does your garden have a pond or water feature?

                 Yes ..............................................................................................    1   ASK C3

                 No ................................................................................................   2   SKIP to C4


     C3   ASK ALL WITH POND OR WATER FEATURE
          Does your pond or water feature contain...?
          Read out and tick whichever apply
              plants ...........................................................................................       1
              fish ...............................................................................................     2
              other aquatic life ..........................................................................            3
              none of these...............................................................................             4

     C4   ASK ALL WITH A GARDEN
          Who decides what sorts of plants you grow in your garden?
              Respondent is solely responsible for deciding what sorts of
              plants are grown ..........................................................................              1   ASK C5 to C7

              Respondents is responsible along with other members of the
              family for deciding what sorts of plants are grown .......................                               2   ASK C5 to C7

              Respondent is not at all responsible for deciding what sorts of
              plants are grown ..........................................................................              3   SKIP to Section D



          ASK ALL WITH GARDEN C5 - C7
     C5   SHOWCARD C5
          Where do you/you and other members of your family get plants for your garden/garden and
          pond? Which of the things on this list do you use/do?
              1 Garden Centre .......................................................................................................      01
              2 Retail nursery (where they grow their own plants and sell them to the public) ......                                       02
              3 DIY Store (eg B&Q, Homebase etc) ......................................................................                    03
              4 Supermarket...........................................................................................................     04
              5 Aquatic shop/centre (specialises in aquatic plants and animals; may be located
              in a garden centre) .....................................................................................................    05
              6 Mail order ............................................................................................................... 06
              7 Market/market stall.................................................................................................       07
              8 From a website.......................................................................................................      08
              9 Been given them by friends/relatives .....................................................................                 09
              10 From wild plants from my local area (eg taking cuttings, uprooting) ....................                                  10
              11 Brought plants/cuttings etc home when I've been on holiday abroad ...................                                     11
              12 By some other method (tick here & write in below) ...............................................                         12




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                238
     C6   SHOWCARD C6
          Which, if any, of the following information and advice do you use to help you decide what
          plants to buy for your garden/garden and pond?
               1 Staff in Garden Centres, nurseries etc...................................................................                   01
               2 Labels on plants.....................................................................................................       02
               3 Information on seed packets ..................................................................................              03
               4 Gardening programmes on TV/radio......................................................................                      04
               5 Gardening magazines ............................................................................................            05
               6 Gardening books....................................................................................................         06
               7 Gardening organisations such as RHS, Kew Gardens etc .....................................                                  07
               8 Newspapers ...........................................................................................................      08
               9 Internet................................................................................................................... 09
               10 Friends/relatives...................................................................................................       10
               11 By some other source of information/advice (tick here & write in below) ..............                                     11
               12 I don't use any information or advice when buying plants.....................................                              12



     C7   SHOWCARD C7
          Which of these describe how you dispose of plants from your garden/garden and pond you
          no longer want? Any others?
          Code all that apply
               1 Compost them........................................................................................................     01
               2 Put them in the council garden waste ....................................................................                02
               3 Put them in the dustbin/waste bin ..........................................................................             03
               4 Burn them .............................................................................................................. 04
               5 Take them to the tip/refuse dump ...........................................................................             05
               6 Plant them in the wild .............................................................................................     06
               7 Dispose of them in the wild (e.g. thrown them into a hedgerow)............................                               07
               8 Put aquatic plants into a pond, river or lake ...........................................................                08
               9 Put live fish/other aquatic animals into a pond, river or lake ..................................                        09
               10 Something else (tick here and write in below).......................................................                    10
               11 None of the above.................................................................................................      11




                                                       SECTION D: Wildlife Management
          ASK ALL D1 - D4
     D1   Have you come across the term 'wildlife management' before?
              Yes ............................. 1 No............................... 2                         Don't Know/Unsure ....              3


     D2   What do you think is meant by the term 'wildlife management'? Anything else?




     SHOWCARD D3: Here is a definition of wildlife management that I should like to use.
     READ OUT DEFINITION. Leave definition on view until you get to Section E




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                      239
     SHOWCARD D3/D4
     I am going to read out to you some of the reasons why wildlife management may be necessary.

     The methods of control vary. In some situations, it may be necessary to kill the plants or animals
     causing the problem. Where appropriate, other methods are used such as: erecting fences to
     exclude animals from an area, moving plants and animals to another location, biological control
     such as keeping birds of prey at airports to scare off other birds, providing wildlife with methods
     of crossing busy roads (such as tunnels).

     For each of the reasons I read out, I should like you to tell me whether or not you agree that
     wildlife should be managed. Please choose your answer from this card. There is no right or wrong
     answer, it is your personal opinion we are interested in.
     D3   READ OUT REASONS. ROTATE YOUR STARTING POINT AND INDICATE THIS WITH A TICK
          AGAINST THE STATEMENT.
          If respondents cannot decide, code under 'Don't Know'. If respondent says 'it depends', encourage
          them to choose one of the options that comes closest to how they feel. If necessary, code under
          'neither agree/disagree' or as 'don't know'
                                                                                                                      Dis-
                                                                                           Agree                     agree       Strongly
                                                                            Strongly       some-                     some-         dis-         Don't
                                                                             agree          what       Neither        what        agree         Know
          To prevent, control and eradicate the
          outbreak of diseases such as rabies and foot
          and mouth.........................................................           1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect livestock e.g. from foxes ..................                      1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect crops e.g. from birds........................                     1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect buildings and other infrastructure
          e.g. closing rabbit burrows that are
          undermining foundations ..................................                   1           2             3           4              5           6

          To conserve habitats e.g. controlling deer
          that are causing damage to woodland..............                            1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect important nesting sites from
          predators ..........................................................         1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect human health e.g. controlling rats
          and mice ...........................................................         1           2             3           4              5           6

          To protect human safety e.g. to reduce the
          chances of road traffic accidents ......................                     1           2             3           4              5           6

          To enable new developments (roads,
          factories, housing, etc.) to take place ...............                      1           2             3           4              5           6




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                            240
     D4   SHOWCARD D3/D4
          I'm going to read to you some things that other people have said about wildlife management.
          In each case, I'd like you to tell me how much you agree by choosing one of the answers from
          this card. There is no right or wrong answer, it is your personal opinion we are interested in.
          Read out statements. Rotate your starting point and indicate this with a tick against the first
          statement. If respondent says 'it depends', encourage them to choose one of the options that comes
          closest to how they feel. If necessary, code under 'neither agree/disagree' or as 'don't know'
                                                                                                                      Dis-
                                                                                          Agree                      agree       Strong-
                                                                            Strong-       some-                      some-       ly dis-       Don't
                                                                           ly agree        what       Neither         what        agree        know
          There should be rules and regulations about
          the methods used to control wildlife..................                      1           2             3            4             5           6
          Where it is necessary to kill animals, only
          THE MOST humane methods should be
          used even if this means it costs more...............                        1           2             3            4             5           6
          Where wildlife is causing a serious problem, I
          am willing to support more drastic measures
          of wildlife management if this provides an
          effective long-term solution...............................                 1           2             3            4             5           6

          Rather than managing wildlife, we should
          make a far greater effort to change our own
          behaviour..........................................................         1           2             3            4             5           6
          If a plant is causing a serious problem, we
          should take steps to deal with it even if this
          means killing the plant in question....................                     1           2             3            4             5           6
          When it comes to wildlife management, I
          don't have any problems with the killing of
          plants or animals that pose a risk to human
          health and safety ..............................................            1           2             3            4             5           6
          I don't think man has the right to manage
          wildlife - we should leave nature to take it's
          own course .......................................................          1           2             3            4             5           6
          If an animal is causing a serious problem, we
          should take steps to deal with it even if this
          means killing the animal in question .................                      1           2             3            4             5           6


                                                  SECTION E: Invasive Non-Native Species
          ASK ALL E1 - E11
     E1   Have you come across the following terms before?
          Read out each term and code as appropriate. Rotate your starting point and indicate this with a tick
          against the first statement.
                                                                                                                                      Don't
                                                                                    Yes                         No                 Know/Unsure
          Native species ........................................................             1                          2                         3
          Non-native species .................................................                1                          2                         3
          Alien Species..........................................................             1                          2                         3
          Invasive non-native species....................................                     1                          2                         3
          Invasive alien species                                                              1                          2                         3


     E2   What do you think is meant by the term non-native species? Anything else?




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                           241
     E3   What do you think is meant by the term invasive non-native species? Anything else?




     E4   Have you seen or heard any recent publicity about invasive non-native species
              Yes ............. 1 Ask E5     No............... 2 Skip to E6

     E5   ASK ALL ANSWERING YES @ E4
          Where did you see and/or hear this publicity? DO NOT PROMPT
          Where possible, use codeframes below otherwise Tick 'Other' and write answer in box below.
              BBC Breakfast TV ..............................     1 Any other Radio programme ..............                      5
              BBC Radio ......................................... 2 Any other Website/internet.................                   6
              BBC Website/Internet.........................       3 Any Newspaper..................................               7
              Any other TV programme ...................          4 Other (tick here and write in below)....                      8




     ASK ALL
     SHOWCARD E6: Here are definitions of 'non-native species' and 'invasive non-native species' that
     I should like to use.
     READ OUT EACH DEFINITION. Leave showcard on display until the end of the interview
     E6   DO NOT PROMPT
          Can you suggest any 'invasive non-native species' that you are aware of in Great Britain? Any
          others?
          Where possible, use precodes or write in box below.
          American mink ..........................................    01 Slipper limpet ............................................ 07
          Chinese mitten crab..................................       02 Japanese knotweed..................................         08
          Citrus longhorn beetle ..............................       03 Water primrose .........................................    09
          Grey squirrel ............................................. 04 respondent unable to name any invasive
                                                                      05 non-native species....................................      10
          Ruddy duck...............................................
          Signal/American crayfish ..........................         06
          Write in all other species mentioned below




     E7   SHOWCARD E7/E8
          Leaving aside whether or not they may be invasive non-native species, which, if any, of the
          animals and plants on this list are you aware of? Any others?
          If respondent is not aware of any animals or plants on the list code as 'none of these'.
          1 American mink...........         01 5 Red deer.................... 05  10 Hornbeam................    10
          2 Chinese mitten crab...           02 6 Red squirrel ............... 06  11 Japanese knotweed           11
          3 Citrus longhorn                     7 Ruddy duck ...............   07  12 Ragwort ................... 12
          beetle............................ 03                                08                                 13
                                                8 Signal crayfish ...........      13 Water primrose ........
          4 Grey squirrel ..............     04                                09                                 14
                                                9 Slipper limpet.............      14 None of these ..........




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                          242
     E8    SHOWCARD E7/E8
           Which, if any, of the animals and plants on this list do you know to be invasive non-native
           species that are present in Great Britain? Any others?
           If respondent does not recognise any or does not know - code as 'none of these'.
           If respondent is unsure about any animals or plants do not code.
           1 American mink...........         01 5 Red deer.................... 05 10 Hornbeam................                          10
           2 Chinese mitten crab...           02 6 Red squirrel ............... 06 11 Japanese knotweed                                 11
           3 Citrus longhorn                     7 Ruddy duck ...............   07 12 Ragwort ...................                       12
           beetle............................ 03                                08                                                      13
                                                 8 Signal crayfish ...........     13 Water primrose ........
           4 Grey squirrel ..............     04                                09                                                      14
                                                 9 Slipper limpet.............     14 None of these ..........

     SHOWCARD E9
     Invasive Non-native Species represent a threat to native species and can cause lots of other
     damage. For example, the grey squirrel carries a disease which it is resistant to but which is fatal
     to the native red squirrel and some aquatic plants clog up waterways and increase the risk of
     floods.

     I am going to read out some statements about invasive non-native species and I should like you to
     tell me whether or not you agree with what I say. Please choose your answer from this card. There
     is no right or wrong answer, it is your personal opinion we are interested in.

     E9    READ OUT REASONS. ROTATE YOUR STARTING POINT AND INDICATE THIS WITH A TICK
           AGAINST THE STATEMENT.
           If respondents cannot decide, code under 'Don't Know'. If respondent says 'it depends', encourage
           them to choose one of the options that comes closest to how they feel. If necessary, code under
           'neither agree/disagree' or as 'don't know'
                                                                                                       Dis-
                                                                            Agree                     agree         Strongly
                                                            Strongly        some-                     some-           dis-          Don't
                                                             agree           what       Neither        what          agree          Know
           Invasive non-native species should be killed                1            2             3           4                5            6
           when they do significant economic damage
           Invasive non-native species should be killed                1            2             3           4                5            6
           when they threaten native British species
           Invasive non-native species should be killed                1            2             3           4                5            6
           when they pose a threat to human health

     E10   SHOWCARD E10
           We are in danger of losing our native animals and plants from a variety of threats including
           destruction of their habitat, climate change, pollution as well as through exploitation by
           humans. I am interested to find out how big a threat you think invasive non-native species are
           relative to these other threats.

           In Britain, how big a threat do you think invasive, non-native species are compared to ...
           Read Out threats one at a time, rotating your start point and indicating this with a tick
           Please choose your answer from this card
                                                              INNS is a           INNS is a            About the
                                                            bigger threat       smaller threat        same threat              Don't Know
           Habitat destruction e.g. as a result of                          1                     2                 3                       4
           development
           Climate change                                                   1                     2                 3                       4
           Pollution e.g. major incidents such as serious                   1                     2                 3                       4
           oil spills and the use of chemicals such as
           pesticides that build up over time
           Human exploitation e.g.harvesting a plant                        1                     2                 3                       4
           sepcies for food
                                                                                                                  Thank and close




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                243
4.2.2 Interviewer Guidelines

Purpose

The survey is being conducted on behalf of the Department for the Environment, Food
and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). DEFRA would like to find out what the public think about a
number of issues relating to wildlife.

The interview should take up to 30 minutes to complete. Respondents receive a £5
incentive.

Locations

The survey is being conducted with a broadly representative sample of the general
public in England. The sample is being drawn from across the 9 Government Office
Regions (GORs). Within each GOR, we are aiming to carry out interviews at 11-12
different locations. The locations have been selected to represent:

   major urban areas/large cities

   other large/medium size urban towns

   small rural towns and villages.

As this survey is about people’s views on wildlife, we might expect to find differences in
opinion between people living in rural locations and those living in urban settings. For
this reason, the choice of locations is very important – especially the rural locations. We
want to focus on small rural towns and villages only so even though an average size
market town may be surrounded by countryside, we want to avoid interviewing people
who live in such towns and focus on smaller surrounding towns and villages.

We have provided some suggested locations for the research and, wherever possible,
we recommend these are used. If it is necessary to change any of the locations, you
must get approval first – this is especially true for the rural locations.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             244
Quotas

At each location, we should like you to conduct 6 interviews as follows:

                                       male                           3
                                       female                         3


                                       16-24                          1
                                       25-34                          1
                                       35-44                          1
                                       45-54                          1
                                       55-64                          1
                                       65+                            1


                                       ABC1                           3
                                       C2DE                           3
The younger respondents may be teenagers living in the parental home or young adults
living in their own home.

Please aim to achieve a spread within each SEG quota i.e. a mix of AB and C1 and of
C2 and DE.

Each respondent must be from a different household.

The Interview

   Please be sure to enter your 4 digit location code on the top of the first page. You
    will find this code on the first show card.

For precoded questions, please put a tick or a cross in the box or boxes corresponding
to respondents’ answers. If you make a mistake, please clearly cross out any answers
that should not be coded.

Write the answers to open ended questions in the boxes provided. If you tick any of the
‘Other – tick here and write in below’ precodes, be sure to write in the answer in the box
provided as well as ticking the precode.

The questionnaire is divided into 5 sections labelled A to E




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             245
                                     Section A: Quotas and Demographics

A1-2 Record gender and age

A3     Record whether or not respondent has any children of their own in each age band
       (there are no quotas here). Please note: this question only refers to the respondent so if
       you are interviewing the teenage son or daughter in a family, you would only use codes
       2-4 if the teenage son or daughter has children of their own.

A4a-g Please record all the information required to determine SEG than code SEG at A4g

A5     Record respondent’s full postcode. If necessary, explain this will only be used to help us
       analyse where our sample of respondents are from

A6     Find out from respondents whether they consider the location where they live to be
       urban, rural or semi-urban/semi-rural. This may differ from our definition based on
       sampling locations – that is fine.

                                          Section B: Animals and Birds

B1     Find out if any member of the respondent’s household keeps any animals or birds
       including any type of farm animal.

       If no one keeps such animals, skip to Section C.

B2     Use the show card and record all the different types of animals and birds that are kept.
       We do not need to know how many animals are kept, just the different types. The show
       card lists the main types of animals grouped into categories. Where appropriate, use the
       precodes otherwise code as ‘other …….’ and write in a description in the appropriate
       boxes. All different types of farm animals should be coded as ‘60 Any type of farm
       animal’ – so if a respondent has several different farm animals you will code them just
       once.

                                                 Section C: Gardens

C1     Find out if the respondent has a garden. If they do not, skip to Section D.

C2-3 Find out if the garden contains a pond or water feature. If it does, find out if it contains
       plants, fish or any other form of aquatic life.


       Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
       Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                    246
C4    Find out if respondent is responsible (either solely or with others) for deciding what sorts
      of plants are grown in the garden.

      If the respondent is not responsible for this (e.g. a teenager living in the parental home)
      skip to Section D

C5    Find out where respondents get their plants for their garden (and pond if they have one)
      – record all the methods used and not just the most frequent methods

C6    Find out all the different sources of information and advice used to help decide which
      plants to buy for their garden (and pond if they have one)

C7    This question is about how respondents dispose of any unwanted plants from their
      garden (and pond if they have one). This could be for any reason – the plants might be
      diseased or not doing very well, they might be growing too well and taking over –
      whatever the reason, we would like to know how people dispose of them. The question
      also covers aquatic plants and fish where these are present

                                        Section D: Wildlife Management

D1-2 Ask respondents if they have come across the term ‘wildlife management’ before and
      then ask them what they think the term means. If they haven’t come across it before,
      you may need to encourage them to suggest what they think it refers to.

      Please record their full reply prompting as necessary.

      At this point you should read out the definition of wildlife management from show card
      D3 and then leave it in front of the respondent until you get to Section E of the
      questionnaire.

      Please note: we do not need to ask respondents anything about the definition and if
      they offer opinions you do not need to record them. The point of providing the definition
      is so that everyone taking part in the survey bases their answers to the next questions
      on the same definition.

D3    Read out the preamble to the question and give respondent show card D3/D4.




      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   247
      Read out each statement one at a time. Choose a different starting point and indicate
      this by ticking the first statement you read out.

      We want respondents to tell us to what extent they agree that wildlife should be
      managed for the reason described in the statement.

      Please note: the show card lists 5 response options and you should try to encourage
      respondents to use these. If they do not have an opinion either for or against, you
      should code this as ‘neither agree nor disagree’. If they really don’t know how to
      respond, code as ‘don’t know’ on the questionnaire.

      Some respondents may state that their view depends on the actual circumstances. Try
      to encourage them to choose an answer from the show card that comes closest to how
      they feel but if they cannot do this, code as ‘Don’t know’ on the questionnaire.

D4    Now read out the series of statements one at a time. Choose a different start point and
      indicate this with a tick.

      Using the same show card (D3/D4), ask respondents to decide the extent to which they
      agree or disagree with each statement. If they do not have an opinion either for or
      against, you should code this as ‘neither agree nor disagree’. If they really don’t know
      how to respond, code as ‘don’t know’ on the questionnaire.

                                   Section E: Invasive Non-native Species

E1    Start of by reading out the five terms – do this in the order they appear on the
      questionnaire – and find out if these are terms respondents have come across before.

E2    Ask everyone what they think is meant by the term ‘non-native species’ and record their
      full verbatim reply. Prompt as necessary.

E3    Do the same for the term ‘invasive non-native species’.

E4-E5 Ask if they have come across any recent publicity about invasive non-native species
      and, if so, where they came across it. DO NOT PROMPT. Only use codes 1,2 or 3 if the
      respondent explicitly refers to them otherwise code under the more general categories.




      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   248
     For your information: there was quite a lot of information recently on the BBC but there
     have also been news stories in the papers.

     At this point you should read out the definitions of non-native species and invasive non-
     native species from show card E6 and then leave it in front of the respondent until you
     get to the questionnaire. If necessary, allow respondent time to take these in.

     Please note: we do not need to ask respondents anything about the definitions and if
     they offer opinions you do not need to record them. The point of providing the definitions
     is so that everyone taking part in the survey bases their answers to the next questions
     on the same definition.

E6   DO NOT PROMPT. Ask respondent if they know of any examples of invasive non-
     native species in Great Britain (try to avoid recording details of examples from
     elsewhere). The question includes a number of precodes and you should use these if
     appropriate however if the answers do not fit the precodes or if you are unsure if they fit,
     write them into the box provided. If the respondent is unable to name any invasive non-
     native species that are present in GB, use code 10.

E7   Now use the show card (E7/E8) and find out which of the animals and plants the
     respondent is aware of irrespective of whether or not they are invasive non-native
     species. Please only record those species the respondent is aware of – for example, if
     the respondent has heard of crayfish but has not heard of the signal crayfish, you
     should not code it

E8   Using the same show card, find out which of the species on the list the respondent
     knows to be invasive non-native species. If the respondent is unsure about a particular
     animal or plant, you should not record it.

     Check whether the respondent has already named any of the animals or plants at E6
     and if so, tick them here as well.

     For your information: 9 of the things listed are examples of INNS. The red deer, the red
     squirrel, the hornbeam and ragwort are not – these are all native speciers. You may
     share this with respondents but only once they have finished answering the question.

E9   Read out the preamble and give respondent show card E9.


     Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
     Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                  249
      Read out the 3 statements one at a time and rotate your start point, indicating it with a
      tick.

      We want respondents to tell us to what extent they agree that invasive non-native
      species should be killed for the reason described in the statement.

      Please note: the show card lists 5 response options and you should try to encourage
      respondents to use these. If they do not have an opinion either for or against, you
      should code this as ‘neither agree nor disagree’. If they really don’t know how to
      respond, code as ‘don’t know’ on the questionnaire.

      Some respondents may state that their view depends on the actual circumstances. Try
      to encourage them to choose an answer from the show card that comes closest to how
      they feel but if they cannot do this, code as ‘Don’t know’ on the questionnaire.

E10   Read out the preamble and give respondent show card E10.

      Read out the 4 threats to our wildlife one at a time and rotate your start point, indicating
      it with a tick.

      For each threat, we would like to find out how respondents think the threat from invasive
      non-native species compares. If they think INNS represents a greater threat, code
      under 1. If they think INNS represents less of a threat, code under 2 and if they think the
      two threats are about the same, code under 3. If respondents are unsure or don’t know
      how the two threats compare, code under 4.

      Thank and close.

      Good luck!




      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   250
4.2.3 Show cards

Location Codes
       East of England                    East Midlands                         London                           North East                        North West

1101    Southend on Sea           2101     Wigston                   3101    Dagenham                  4101     Newcastle                 5101    Stretford / Sale
                                                                                                                                                  Urmiston Altrincham
1102    Rickmansworth             2102     Nottingham City           3102    Brent                     4102     Chester le St             5102    Knowsley / Huyton
        Abbots Langley                                                                                                                            Kirkby / Roby
        South Oxey
1103    Chesthunt                 2103     Long Eaton                3103    Sutton                    4103     Washington                5103    Rochdale
        Hoddesdon
1104    Hawkwell                  2201     Mansfield                 3104    Enfield                   4104     Whitely Bay               5104    Lytham St Annes
                                                                                                                                                  Kirkham
1201    Norwich                   2202     Corby                     3105    Hammersmith &             4105     Stockton on Tees          5105    Birkenhead
                                                                             Fulham                             Billingham                        Bebington / Heswell
                                                                                                                                                  Wallasy
1202    Hitchin/Letchworth        2203     Hinckley                  3106    Camden                    4106     Middlesbrough             5201    Blackburn

1203    Brentwood                 2204     Lincoln                   3107    Southwark                 4107     Redcar                    5202    Burnley / Padiham

1204    St Albans                 2205     Belper / Hearnor          3108    Newham                    4201     Darlington                5203    Carlisle
                                           Ripley / Duffield
1301    Chatteris                 2301     Horncastle                3109    Waltham Forest            4202     Hartlepool                5204    Chester

1302    Bardwell                  2302     Roade                     3110    Hillingdon                4301     Seahouses                 5301    Windermere/Amble
                                                                                                                                                  side/ Milnthorpe/
                                                                                                                                                  Grange over sands
1303    Saxmundham                2303     Collingham                3111    Bexley                    4302     Barnard Castle            5302    Longridge Salesbury
                                                                                                                                                  / Whalley




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                    251
             South East                                   South West                                West Mids                                York & Humber

6101    Dartford                           7101    Bournemouth                        8101    West Bromwich                      9101     Leeds

6102    Dorking / Leatherhead              7102    Yate                               8102    Wolverhampton                      9102     Bradford

6103    Reading                            7201    Gloucester                         8103    Stoke                              9103     Wakefield

6104    Southampton                        7202    Plymouth                           8104    Solihull                           9104     Sheffield

6201    Canterbury                         7203    Bath                               8201    Nuneaton                           9105     Hull

6202    Milton Keynes                      7204    Exeter                             8202    Telford                            9201     York

6203    Newbury / Thatcham                 7205    Torquay / Paignton Brixham         8203    Bromsgrove                         9202     Grimsby

6204    Fleet/ Church Crookham /           7206    Taunton                            8204    Stafford                           9203     Barnsley
        Yateley
6205    Maidstone                          7301    Verwood                            8205    Kenilworth                         9204     Doncaster

6301    Uffington / Stanford in Vale       7302    Wadebridge / Padstow               8301    Much Wenlock/ Albrighton           9301     Brigg
        Shellingford / Charney                     Camelford                                  Shifnal
        Bassett / Lydford
6302    Mayfield / Heathfield              7303    Bearminster                        8302    Ledbury / Much Marcle Hay          9302     Richmond
        Wadhurst                                                                              on Wye / Whitney on Wye /
                                                                                              Kington
6303    Chipping Norton




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   252
                                                                                  A2




                                                                             16-24

                                                                             25-34

                                                                             35-44

                                                                             45-54

                                                                             55-64

                                                                    65 and over
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   253
                                                                                                                                                                   B2
            Cats, dogs and other animals                                          Fish                                             Amphibians & Reptiles

1     Cat                                                21    Goldfish (in aquarium/pond)                         41   Frog/Toad

2     Dog                                                22    Koi carp (in aquarium/pond)                         42   Lizard

3     Chinchilla                                         23    Tropical fish                                       43   Newt

4     Ferret                                             24    Saltwater/marine fish                               44 Salamander

5     Gerbil                                             25     Other type of fish                                 45   Snake

6     Guinea Pig                                                                                                   46   Terrapin

7     Hamster                                                                    Birds                             47   Tortoise

8     Horse/Pony                                         31 Budgerigar                                             48   Other reptile/amphibian

9     Mouse                                              32 Canary                                                 Insects & Invertebrates

10    Rabbit                                             33 Finch                                                  50   Spider

11    Rat                                                34 Parrot family (parrot, cockatoo, parakeet)             51   Stick insect

12    Other small mammal                                                                                           52   Other insect/invertebrate

                                                         35 Other type of bird

                                                                                                                   60 Some other type of pet

                                                                                                                   70 Any type of farm animal




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   254
                                                                                                                                                                   C5
1       Garden Centre

2       Retail nursery (where they grow their own plants and sell them to the public)

3       DIY Store (eg B&Q, Homebase etc)

4        Supermarket

5       Aquatic shop/centre (specialises in aquatic plants and animals; may be located in a garden centre)

6       Mail order

7       Market/market stall

8       From a website

9       Been given them by friends/relatives

10      From wild plants from my local area (eg taking cuttings, uprooting)

11      Brought plants/cuttings etc home when I've been on holiday abroad

12      By some other method
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   255
                                                                                                                                                                   C6

1       Staff in Garden Centres, nurseries etc

2       Labels on plants

3       Information on seed packets

4       Gardening programmes on TV/radio

5       Gardening magazines

6       Gardening books

7       Gardening organisations such as RHS, Kew Gardens etc

8       Newspapers

9       Internet

10      Friends/relatives

11      By some other source of information/advice

12      I don't use any information or advice when buying                                  plants



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   256
                                                                                                                                                                   C7
1       Compost them

2       Put them in the council garden waste

3       Put them in the dustbin/waste bin

4       Burn them

5       Take them to the tip /refuse dump

6       Plant them in the wild

7       Dispose of them in the wild (e.g. thrown them into a hedgerow)

8       Put aquatic plants into a pond, river or lake

9       Put live fish/other aquatic animals into a pond, river or lake

10      Something else

11      None of the above



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   257
                                                                                                                                                                   D3




                                        Wildlife Management:
                 managing the impacts of humans on wild plants and
                 animals as well as the impacts of wildlife on human
                 interests




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   258
                                                                                                                                                             D3/D4



                                   1. Strongly agree
                                   2. Agree somewhat
                                   3. Neither agree nor disagree
                                   4. Disagree somewhat
                                   5. Strongly disagree




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   259
                                                                                                                                                                   E6


Non-native species

Any animals or plants that have established themselves in Great Britain with the
assistance of man. This includes any that were first introduced hundreds, if not
thousands, of years ago.


Invasive Non-native species

Any non-native animal or plant that has the ability to spread causing damage to
the environment, the economy, our health and the way we live.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   260
                                                                                                                                                              E7/E8

                                                Animals                                                        Plants


                         1       American mink                                        10       Hornbeam


                         2       Chinese mitten crab                                  11       Japanese knotweed


                         3       Citrus longhorn beetle                               12       Ragwort


                         4       Grey squirrel                                        13       Water primrose


                         5       Red deer


                         6       Red squirrel


                         7       Ruddy duck


                         8       Signal crayfish


                         9       Slipper limpet



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   261
                                                                                                                                                                   E9



                                   1. Strongly agree
                                   2. Agree somewhat
                                   3. Neither agree nor disagree
                                   4. Disagree somewhat
                                   5. Strongly disagree




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   262
                                                                                                                                                                   E10




                 Invasive non-native species are…
                                   …a bigger threat
                                   …a smaller threat
                                   …about the same level of threat
                                   …I don’t know how they compare



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                    263
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public, Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2:
Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                   264
5          Quantitative Research: Anglers
5.1        The Interview
5.1.1 Questionnaire

      Hello, my name is ______________ and I am conducting a survey on behalf of Defra - the Department of
      the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Defra would like to hear the opinions of anglers on some issues
      about wildlife. The interview will take about 15 minutes to complete.

      All of your answers will be treated in the strictest confidence. Your opinions will only be be fed back to
      Defra on an aggregated basis along with the opinions of everyone else who takes part. Your personal
      details will not be passed on to Defra and they will not know who has taken part.

      Q1         Can I begin by asking whether you ever go freshwater fishing in England?
                 Only continue if the respondent meets both criteria: goes freshwater fishing and in England
                     Yes ............................................................
                     No.............................................................. Go to End



      Q2         And how often do you normally go freshwater fishing in England?
                 Code nearest answer.
                     once a week or more often........................
                     once a fortnight or more often ...................
                     once a month or more often/12 times a
                     year ...........................................................
                     once every three months or more often/4
                     times a year...............................................
                     once every six months or more
                     often/twice a year ......................................
                     once every 12 months or more often/once
                     a year ........................................................  Go to End

                     less than once a year ................................           Go to End



      Explain that unless indicated otherwise, the questions are all about freshwater fishing in England.

      Q3         Would you describe yourself as a game or a coarse angler or do you do both?
                    Game ..................................................... Both .......................................................
                    Coarse ................................................... Don't know .............................................

      Q4         And would you describe yourself as...
                 Read out and code all that apply
                     A match angler - someone who takes part
                     in fishing matches......................................
                     a specialist angler - someone who
                     specialises in fishing for certain species
                     of fish.........................................................
                     a pleasure angler - someone who mainly
                     fishes for pleasure ....................................
                     none of the above .....................................

      Q5         ONLY ASK IF RESPONDENT ANSWERS NO TO ALL OPTIONS AT Q4
                 How would you describe yourself?




      Q6         Are you a member of an angling club?
                     Yes ........................................................       No ..........................................................



Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                        265
     Q7        I am going to read to you some statements about the fish you catch. I should like you to
               choose the ONE statement that comes closest to describing what you do.
               Read out all statements except 'something else' and then ask respondent to choose the one
               that comes closest to what s/he does. Encourage respondent to choose an answer from the
               first 4 precodes. If this is not possible, code as 'something else' and write in brief description in
               the box below
                     I always release every fish I catch.....................................................................................
                     I usually release every fish I catch.....................................................................................
                     I occasionally release a fish but I usually keep them.........................................................
                     I never release a fish I catch unless it is too small or out of season..................................
                     DO NOT READ OUT: Something else (tick here and write in below) ...............................




     Q8        Do you ever use a 'stink bag' - that is, an air tight bag in which to keep your gear between
               trips?
                    Yes ........................................................ No ..........................................................

     Q9        How often do you air dry your keep nets, sling and landing mat? Would you say you...
               Read out all answers except 'something else' and code the one answer that comes closest to
               what the respondent does. Encourage respondent to choose an answer from the first 4
               precodes. If this is not possible, code as 'something else' and write in brief description in the
               box below
                   air dry your nets, sling and landing mat after every trip .....................................................
                   air dry your nets, sling and landing mat after some trips provided you have the time .......
                   occasionally air dry your nets, sling and landing mat ........................................................
                   never air dry your nets, sling and landing mat ...................................................................
                   DO NOT READ OUT: Something else (tick here and write in below) ...............................




     Q10       Have you ever introduced a fish to a waterway or moved a fish from one waterway to
               another?
                   Yes ........................................................ No ..........................................................

     Q11       Have you heard of the term 'invasive non-native species'?
                   Yes ........................................................ No ..........................................................

     Q12       What do you think is meant by the term 'invasive non-native species'? Anything else?




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                 266
     I'm going to read to a definition of an invasive non-native species:

     A non-native species is an animal or plant that has established itself in Great Britain with the assistance of
     man. This includes any that were first introduced hundreds, if not thousands, of years ago.

     An invasive non-native species is a non-native animal or plant that has the ability to spread causing
     damage to the environment, the economy, our health and the way we live.


     Q13        Can you name any invasive non-native species that can be found in Great Britain? Any
                others?
                Where possible, use the precodes otherwise write in answers in the box below. If respondent
                cannot name any INNS, tick 'None mentioned'
                    chinese mitten crab................................        himalayan balsam..................................
                    signal crayfish ........................................   water fern...............................................
                    topmouth gudgeon.................................          water primrose .......................................
                    zander.................................................... none mentioned .....................................
                    floating pennywort .................................




     Q14        Leaving to one side for the moment whether or not they are examples of invasive non-
                native species, which of the following animals and plants would you recognise if you
                caught it or saw it when out fishing?
                Read out. If respondent would recognise an animal or plant, code under 'Yes' otherwise code
                under 'No', including any don't know, unsure etc
                                                                                       YES        NO/DK
                                                      chinese mitten crab...........
                                                              common carp...........
                                                                      roach...........
                                                             signal crayfish...........
                                                       topmouth gudgeon...........
                                                                     zander...........
                                                        floating pennywort...........
                                                        himalayan balsam...........
                                                                    ragwort...........
                                                                 water fern...........
                                                            water primrose...........




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                           267
     Q15       Can you tell me which of the following animals and plants are considered to be invasive
               non-native species that can be found in Britain?
               Read out. If respondent believes an animal or plant is an INNS code under 'Yes' otherwise
               code under 'No', including any don't know, unsure etc
                                                                                      YES         NO/DK
                                                     chinese mitten crab...........
                                                             common carp...........
                                                                     roach...........
                                                            signal crayfish...........
                                                      topmouth gudgeon...........
                                                                    zander...........
                                                       floating pennywort...........
                                                       himalayan balsam...........
                                                                   ragwort...........
                                                                water fern...........
                                                           water primrose...........

     Q16       I am going to read out some of the effects invasive non-native species can have. I should
               like you to tell me how serious you feel each threat is. Please choose your answer from
               the following options
               very serious threat
               fairly serious threat
               not especially serious
               not at all serious
               Do not offer 'Don't Know' as an option. Try to encourage respondent to choose an
               answer from the four options but if necessary, code as DK
                                                                                           Not es
                                                                              Very  Fairly pecially Not at
                                                                               ser-  ser-   ser-      all
                                                                               ious ious    ious    serious DK
               They pose a threat to native fish... ........................
               They pose a threat to native plants .......................
               They can carry and spread disease ......................
               Some invasive non-native plants can make it
               difficult for anglers to get to the bankside ..............
               Some invasive non-native aquatic plants can
               make it difficult for anglers to fish ..........................
               They pose a threat to the future of angling............




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                 268
     Q17        I am now going to read to you some things that anglers could do which would help to
                contour the threat of invasive non-native species. In each case, I should like you to tell
                me if it is something you personally would...
                definitely be willing to do
                possibly be willing to do
                probably would not be willing to do
                definitely would not be willing to do
                Do not offer 'Don't Know' as an option. Try to encourage respondent to choose an
                answer from the four options but if necessary, code as DK
                                                                                                        Def'ly      Poss'ly      Prob.       Def'ly
                                                                                                         be           be         not be      not be
                                                                                                        willing     willing      willing     willing       DK
                Never use a stink bag (an air tight bag in which to keep
                your gear between trips).. ....................................................
                Never release an invasive non-native species back into
                the water if you caught one..................................................
                Never move any species of fish or plant from one water
                to another ............................................................................
                Always air dry keep nets, slings and landing mats after
                every fishing trip...................................................................
                Always used a net dip before starting fishing when one is
                available...............................................................................

     Q18        Are you aware of what the legal position is regarding releasing invasive non-native
                species into waterways?
                    Yes ........................................................ No ..........................................................

     It is, in fact, an offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act to release or allow a non-native animal or
     plant to escape into the wild.

     Q19        ASK ALL except those who would definitely never release an invasive non-native species
                back into the water OR those who know the legal position
                You said just now that you would Never release an invasive non-native species back into
                the water if you caught one not to release an invasive non-native species back into the
                water if you caught one. Does the legal position change your view on this?
                    Yes ............................................................ Go to Q20

                    No.............................................................. Go to N5



     Q20        So, knowing the legal position, would you say...
                Read out first 4 options only and try to encourage respondent to choose one of these. If
                necessary, code as 'don't know'
                     you definitely would not release an invasive non-native species back into the water if
                     you caught one..................................................................................................................
                     you probably would not release an invasive non-native species back into the water if
                     you caught one..................................................................................................................
                     you probably would release an invasive non-native species back into the water if you
                     caught one.........................................................................................................................
                     you definitely would release an invasive non-native species back into the water if you
                     caught one.........................................................................................................................
                     DK .....................................................................................................................................

     I should like to finish by asking you a few questions about yourself




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                269
           Q21       Record Respondent's Gender
                        male .......................................................                female ....................................................

           Q22       Record Respondent's Age
                        16-24 .................................................................................................................................
                        25-34 .................................................................................................................................
                        35-44 .................................................................................................................................
                        45-54 .................................................................................................................................
                        55-64 .................................................................................................................................
                        65 and above.....................................................................................................................

           Q23       Ask the questions necessary to establish social grade.
                     Now code Social Grade
                         AB......................................................................................................................................
                         C1......................................................................................................................................
                         C2......................................................................................................................................
                         DE .....................................................................................................................................




      5.1.2 Interviewer Guidelines

      Who is the survey for and what is it about?

      The research is being conducted on behalf of the Department of the Environment, Food
      and Rural Affairs – Defra – who are interested in the opinions of anglers on some issues
      relating to wildlife. The interview will last about 15 minutes.

      Who is eligible for interview?

      We want to talk to anyone who goes fresh water fishing in England at least twice a year.
      Freshwater fishing means fishing in rivers, ponds, canals, lakes etc including artificial
      ponds run by commercial fisheries. The lists are based on people who have indicated
      that fishing is one of their main leisure activities but this could include people who go
      sea fishing or people who only go fishing in, for example, Scotland. If someone goes
      freshwater fishing in England and Scotland, they are eligible.

      The Interview

Q1-2 Please be sure at Q1 to check the respondent meets both criteria (goes freshwater
      fishing and does so in England). At Q2, ask respondents how often they go freshwater
      fishing in England and then use the nearest code. For example, someone who goes




      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                                                                    270
     fishing every couple of months would be given code 4 (‘once every three months or
     more often’).

     Before starting with the main survey, explain that the questions all refer to freshwater
     fishing in England unless otherwise stated. If you are interviewing someone who also
     goes sea fishing or fishing outside England, you may need to remind them of this during
     the interview.

Q3   Respondents should recognise these terms and be able to self-classify. If they can’t,
     code as DK

Q4   You can multi-code this question. We expect that the majority of respondents will
     classify themselves as ‘pleasure anglers’.

Q5   This is only asked if respondents have said none of the three descriptions at Q4 apply –
     ask them how they would describe themselves.

Q6   Record whether or not respondent is a member of an angling club.

Q7   Different people do different things with the fish they catch – some always release the
     fish they catch while others will keep most/every fish. Traditionally, game fishermen
     always keep every fish they catch while coarse fishermen always release everything
     they catch but this is not always the case. Please read out the first 4 options and ask
     respondents to choose the one that comes closest to describing what they do. If none of
     the 4 options is a close fit, code under ‘something else’ and write in a description in the
     box provided.

Q8   If respondents are unfamiliar with a ‘stink bag’, they probably don’t use one.

Q9   This question asks about items of equipment most fishermen will use – nets (nets used
     either to land a fish or to keep fish in that they have caught), landing mats (a mat they
     would spread out on the riverside which they would use when unhooking a catch) and
     slings (something they would use to weigh their catch). Please note: the equipment
     used will depend on whether the respondent is a coarse or game angler:

        a game angler would most likely use a landing net but will not use a sling or landing
         mat



     Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
     Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                  271
           a coarse angler will most likely use a keep net and may or may not use a sling and
            landing mat

        It doesn’t matter what types of net are used and it isn’t necessary for the respondent to
        have all items of equipment. For example, if someone only uses a keep net or a landing
        net, then ask them how often they air dry their keep net.

        ‘Air drying’ simply means laying something out so it can dry naturally.

Q10     This follows the same lines as Q9. Apart from air drying their gear, some anglers may
        clean some or all items of their equipment – for example, by washing it. If a respondent
        says they clean certain items but not others, code under ‘something else’ and write in a
        brief description.

Q11     Many commercial fisheries now provide net dips – these are tanks containing chemicals
        which are intended to sterilise the nets - and anglers are required to soak their nets in
        them beg fore they start fishing. This question only relates to situations where a net dip
        has been provided.

q12-13 Waterway refers to any freshwater – rivers, streams, ponds, lakes, canals etc. For your
        information, in the past, some fishermen have sometimes caught a favourite fish in one
        river and released it into another river in the hopes it will become established in the
        second river. All we need to record here is whether or not respondents have ever
        introduced or moved fish from one waterway to another.

        There are regulations governing whether or not someone can move fish in the way
        described. If a respondent has legally moved fish he/she is likely to know what this
        question refers to but if the respondent doesn’t know, code under @Don’t know what
        this refers to’

Q14-15 Ask respondents if they have heard of the term ‘invasive non-native species’. If they
        have, code as yes. Anything else should be coded No – e.g. if someone is unsure.

        Then ask all respondents what they think the term means. Prompt till exhausted.
        Record their replies verbatim.




        Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
        Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                     272
      Now read out a definition – begin with the definition of as non-native species and then
      explain what is meant by an invasive non-native species. We do not need to ask for a
      response to the definition – it is to make sure everyone answers the following questions
      with the same definition in mind.

Q16   Find out if respondents can suggest the names of any invasive non-native species that
      can be found in Great Britain – we are not interested in examples from other countries,
      such as the cane toad in Australia (a well known example). Prompt until exhausted.

      DO NOT READ OUT ANY OF THE PRECODES AS PROMPTS. If the respondent
      names any of the species that are precoded, then use the precodes, otherwise write
      their answers in the box provided. Only use the precodes if respondents have given the
      answer exactly as shown – if someone mentions ‘american crayfish’, the precode
      should be ticked but if someone just mentions ‘crayfish’ do not use the precodes but
      write in their answer.

      If the respondent does not know any such species, use the precode ‘none mentioned’

Q17   For this question, we want to record whether respondents would recognise each animal
      or plant listed if they caught one or saw one when out on a fishing trip. The responses
      will appear in random order. Any animals or plants they would recognise should be
      coded as ‘yes’ and everything else as ‘No’ – so if a respondent is unsure, code under
      ‘No’.

Q18   Now read out the same list (the order will be different) and ask respondents which of the
      animals and plants they think are considered to be invasive non-native species that can
      be found in Britain. Again, only code under ‘yes’ if respondent is confident about the
      answer, if they are unsure, record under ‘no’.

Q19   You are going to read out some effects that INNS can have. These will appear in
      random order. In each case, we want to find out how serious a threat respondents feel it
      is. Do not give them a ‘DK’ option and try and force a response from the first 4 options.
      If respondents really cannot decide, code as ‘DK@

Q20   Here you are to read out some things that anglers could do to help control the threat
      from INNS. Again these will appear in random order. In each case, we want to find out
      the extent to which respondents are willing to do (or not do) certain things. Do not give

      Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
      Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                   273
        them a ‘DK’ option and try and force a response from the first 4 options. If respondents
        really cannot decide, code as ‘DK’

Q21-23 Record respondent’s gender, age range and then ask all questions necessary to
        establish SEG and code as appropriate. SEG should be based on the Chief Wage
        Earner which may or may not be the respondent.

        That’s it. Good luck.




        Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
        Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                     274
6       The Quantitative Research: Horticultural
        Retailers
6.1     The Questionnaire



         Record the following details from contact database

                 URN




                 Name of organisation




                 Type of organisation
                  
                  
                  
                  
                       multiple garden centre/nursery
                  
                  
                  
                  
                       independent garden centre/nursery
                  
                  
                  
                  
                       aquatic centre
                  
                  
                  
                  
                       multiple supermarket
                  
                  
                  
                  
                       DIY store

         Introduction:
         Introduce yourself and explain that the survey is being carried out on behalf of DEFRA - the
         Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. DEFRA is interested in getting feedback
         from the retail trade about the plant species they sell. The interview will take about 10 minutes. It
         is a completely anonymous survey. Defra will only see the aggregated results and will not know
         which organisations have taken part. Explain that you have a letter of authorisation from Defra
         which you can email or fax to the respondent if required.

         Explain that you need to ask a few questions to establish what types of plants the organisation
         sells and who within the organisation you need to conduct the interview with.

         Eligibility:

         You may be able to establish eligibility from whoever takes your call before you establish the
         correct individual to interview. Please be sure to record this information for all contacts including
         those that are ineligible.

         You need to establish

         Which types of plants - if any - are sold to the public: aquatic plants and/or terrestrial plants

         In the case of aquatic plants: if they only sell tropical aquatic plants you should CLOSE unless
         they also sell terrestrial plants.

         In the case of terrestrial plants: if they only sell house plants or cut flowers you should CLOSE
         unless they also sell aquatic plants.

         NB: Some organisations may only sell plants at certain times of the year - they are still eligible for
         interview.

         You also need to establish if the organisation itself sells plants to the public or whether plants are
         sold via a franchise/third party. For example, some garden centres may only sell aquatic plants via
         a franchise.




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                  275
                                                                     sold
                                          not sold     only sell   directly    sold via
                                 not       to the      tropical     to the     a franch
                                sold       public       plants     public         ise       refused
         Aquatic plants          
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                            
                                             
                                             
                                             
                                                         
                                                          
                                                          
                                                          
                                                                     
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                                 
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               

                                                      only sell      sold
                                          not sold    house p      directly    sold via
                                 not       to the     lants/cut     to the     a franch
                                sold       public      flowers     public         ise       refused
           Terrestrial plants    
                                 
                                 
                                 
                                            
                                             
                                             
                                             
                                                         
                                                          
                                                          
                                                          
                                                                     
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                      
                                                                                 
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                  
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               

         Decision Makers :
         You need to establish who to interview - this should be the senior member of staff responsible for
         deciding which plants are stocked and sold to the public. In the case of independent retailers, this
         is likely to be the owner or the managing director or a senior manager. In the case of
         supermarkets and DIY stores this is likely to be a head of department/senior buyer based at head
         office

                 Retailers selling both terrestrial and aquatic plants:
                 You need to establish whether there is one decision maker responsible for both terrestrial
                 and aquatic plants or whether there are two decision makers
                 
                 
                  single decision maker responsible for both terrestrial and aquatic plants
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                  different decision makers
                 
                 
                 
                  refused
                 
                 

                 See quota instructions to decide which decision maker to interview
                 
                 
                 
                  interview decision maker responsible for terrestrial plants
                 
                 
                 
                  interview decision maker responsible for aquatic plants
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                  refused
                 


                 Respondent's name




                 Respondent's job title




                 Record respondent's phone number if different to the number on the database. Try
                 to establish respondent's direct line


                 Respondent willing to take part in interview?
                 
                 
                 
                  Yes
                 
                 
                 
                  No
                 
                 


                 Ask all not willing to take part in interview
                 Refusals: if organisation is eligible for interview but refuses to take part record reasons
                 below.

                 If organisation requires a written request from Defra before they will take part, record the
                 name, title, department and address details




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                276
         1.a    Ask all selling both aquatic and terrestrial plants to the public AND where there is a
                single decision maker involved
                Can you tell me which, if any, of the following aquatic plants you sell or have sold to
                the public in the last 12 months?
                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species has been sold.

                Code each plant species as YES, NO (or Don't Know)
                                                                                           Don't
                                                                                Yes   No   know
                           Floating Pennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                      New Zealand Pygmyweed (Crassula helmsii or Tilaea         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                   recurva or Tilaea helmsii)
                                            Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                 Parrot's Feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                     Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                    Curly Waterweed (Lagarosiphon major)        
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                Water Primrose (Ludwigia peploides or Ludwigia grandiflora)     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            

                Ask all selling any aquatic plants listed aboveINTERVIEWER: you must tick Yes
                below
                
                
                
                 Yes: respondent's organisation sold one or more of the plants listed above
                

         1.a
                And can you tell me which, if any, of the following terrestrial plants you sell or have
                sold to the public in the last 12 months?
                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species has been sold.

                Code each plant species as YES, NO (or Don't Know)
                                                                                           Don't
                                                                                Yes   No   know
                                    Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                Shallon (Gaultheria shallon)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                     Few-flowered Leek (Allium paradoxum)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                            Montbretia (Crocosmia species)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                           Hottentot Fig (Carpbrotus edulis)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                         Giant Rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                       False Acacia (Robinia pseudocacia)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                       Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                 Buddleia (Buddleia davidii)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                           
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            
                                                                                            

                Ask all selling any terrestrial plants listed aboveINTERVIEWER: you must tick Yes
                
                
                
                 Yes: respondent's organisation sold one or more of the plants listed above
                




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             277
         1.b    Ask all selling terrestrial garden plants to the public
                Can you tell me which, if any, of the following terrestrial plants you sell or have sold
                to the public in the last 12 months?
                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species has been sold.

                Code each plant species as YES, NO (or Don't Know)
                                                                                           Don't
                                                                                Yes   No   know
                                    Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                Shallon (Gaultheria shallon)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                     Few-flowered Leek (Allium paradoxum)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                            Montbretia (Crocosmia species)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                           Hottentot Fig (Carpbrotus edulis)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                         Giant Rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       False Acacia (Robinia pseudocacia)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                 Buddleia (Buddleia davidii)    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                Ask all selling any terrestrial garden plants listed aboveINTERVIEWER: you must
                tick Yes below
                
                
                
                 Yes: respondent's organisation sold one or more of the plants listed at Q1.b
                




         1.c    Ask all selling aquatic plants to the public
                Can you tell me which, if any, of the following plants you sell or have sold to the
                public in the last 12 months?
                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species has been sold.

                Code each plant species as YES, NO (or Don't Know)
                                                                                           Don't
                                                                                Yes   No   know
                           Floating Pennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                      New Zealand Pygmyweed (Crassula helmsii or Tilaea         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                   recurva or Tilaea helmsii)
                                    Curly Waterweed (Lagarosiphon major)        
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                     Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                 Parrot's Feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum)      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                            Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana)       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                Water Primrose (Ludwigia peploides or Ludwigia grandiflora)     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                     
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                      
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             

                Ask all selling any aquatic plants listed aboveINTERVIEWER: you must tick Yes
                below
                
                
                
                 Yes: respondent's organisation sold one or more of the plants listed at Q1.c
                




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             278
         2.     Have you heard of something called 'The Horticultural Code of Practice' launched
                by Defra in 2005?
                
                
                
                 Yes
                
                
                
                 No/Don't know
                
                

         3.     ASK ALL AWARE OF CODE
                Does your organisation follow 'The Horticultural Code of Practice'?
                
                
                 Yes
                
                
                
                
                
                 No/Don't know
                

         4.     ASK ALL FOLLOWING THE CODE
                Can you describe to me an example of how the Code of Practice is followed within
                your organisation?
                
                
                
                 Respondent unable to provide an example
                
                
                
                 Respondent can provide an example
                
                




         4.
                Can you describe to me an example of how the Code of Practice is followed within
                your organisation?
                
                
                
                
                   Only buy from reputable suppliers/those with plant passports
                
                
                
                
                   Consult Defra
                
                
                
                
                   Check plants for disease etc
                
                
                
                
                   Have our own system/procedures
                
                
                
                
                   Label plants/provide information/inform the customer
                
                
                
                
                   Would not sell these types of plants
                
                
                
                
                   Other


         5.     Are you familiar with the term 'Invasive Non-native Species'?
                
                
                
                 Yes
                
                
                
                 No
                
                
                
                
                
                 Don't know/not sure
                

         6.     ASK ALL
                What do you think is meant by the term invasive non-native species? Anything
                else?




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             279
         I'm going to read to you a definition of both a non-native species and an invasive non-
         native species:

         A non-native species is an animal or plant that has established itself in Great Britain with
         the assistance of man. This includes any that were first introduced hundreds, if not
         thousands, of years ago.

         An invasive non-native species is a non-native animal or plant that has the ability to spread
         causing damage to the environment, the economy, our health and the way we live.


         7.     Does your organisation have a policy regarding the sale of plant species that have
                the potential to be invasive in the wild?
                
                
                
                 Yes
                
                
                
                 No
                
                
                
                
                
                 Don't Know
                

         8.     ASK ALL WITH A POLICY
                Is it a formal policy that is set out in writing?
                
                
                 Yes
                
                
                
                
                
                 No
                
                
                
                 Don't know
                
                

         9.     ASK ALL WITH A POLICY
                Can you outline to me your organisation's policy regarding plant species that have
                the potential to be invasive in the wild?
                
                
                
                 Respondent unable to provide an outline
                
                
                
                 Respondent can provide an outline (tick here and record details below)
                
                




         9.
                Can you outline to me your organisation's policy regarding plant species that have
                the potential to be invasive in the wild?
                
                
                
                
                   Supplier would not sell plants that were dangerous
                
                
                
                
                   Do not stock/grow invasive plants
                
                
                
                
                   Label/inform the customer
                
                
                
                
                   Other




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             280
         10.a   Ask all selling both aquatic and terrestrial plants to the public AND where there is a
                single decision maker involved
                I am going to read out the names of some plant species. In each case, I should like
                you to tell me whether or not you consider it to be a plant species that has the
                potential to be invasive in the wild?

                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species is considered to be invasive.

                Code under Yes all species that respondent considers have the potential to be invasive in
                the wild.
                Code under No all species that respondent thinks do not have the potential to be invasive
                in the wild.
                Code under Don't Know if respondent does not know if a species has the potential to be
                invasive in the wild.
                                                                                 Yes No     DK
                              Floating Pennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                        New Zealand Pygmyweed (Crassula helmsii or Tilaea       
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                      recurva or Tilaea helmsii)
                                               Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                    Parrot's Feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                      Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)     
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                   Shallon (Gaultheria shallon) 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                        Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       Curly Waterweed (Lagarosiphon major)     
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       Few-flowered Leek (Allium paradoxum)     
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                 Water Primrose (Ludwigia peploides or Ludwigia grandiflora)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                               Montbretia (Crocosmia species)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                              Hottentot Fig (Carpbrotus edulis) 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                             Giant Rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)  
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                           False Acacia (Robinia pseudocacia)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                          Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                    Buddleia (Buddleia davidii) 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             281
         10.b Ask all selling terrestrial garden plants to the public
                I am going to read out the names of some plant species. In each case, I should like
                you to tell me whether or not you consider it to be a plant species that has the
                potential to be invasive in the wild?

                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species is considered to be invasive.

                Code under Yes all species that respondent considers have the potential to be invasive in
                the wild.
                Code under No all species that respondent thinks do not have the potential to be invasive
                in the wild.
                Code under Don't Know if respondent does not know if a species has the potential to be
                invasive in the wild.
                                                                               Yes  No      DK
                                      Skunk Cabbage (Lysichiton americanus)   
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                  Shallon (Gaultheria shallon)     
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       Few-flowered Leek (Allium paradoxum)   
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                              Montbretia (Crocosmia species)  
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                             Hottentot Fig (Carpbrotus edulis)     
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                           Giant Rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)  
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                         False Acacia (Robinia pseudocacia)   
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                         Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)  
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                   Buddleia (Buddleia davidii)     
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             




         10.c   Ask all selling aquatic plants to the public
                I am going to read out the names of some plant species. In each case, I should like
                you to tell me whether or not you consider it to be a plant species that has the
                potential to be invasive in the wild?

                It is important that you read out both the common name and the Latin/scientific name (in
                brackets). Where more than 1 Latin name is given, code as Yes even if only 1 of the
                species is considered to be invasive.

                Code under Yes all species that respondent considers have the potential to be invasive in
                the wild.
                Code under No all species that respondent thinks do not have the potential to be invasive
                in the wild.
                Code under Don't Know if respondent does not know if a species has the potential to be
                invasive in the wild.
                                                                                 Yes No     DK
                              Floating Pennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                        New Zealand Pygmyweed (Crassula helmsii or Tilaea       
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                      recurva or Tilaea helmsii)
                                               Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                    Parrot's Feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                        Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)   
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                       Curly Waterweed (Lagarosiphon major)     
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                 Water Primrose (Ludwigia peploides or Ludwigia grandiflora)    
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                    
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                                                                                            
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                                                                                             




Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                             282
         11.    I am going to read out to you some things retailers could do to provide information
                and/or advice to customers buying plant species that have the potential to be
                invasive in the wild.

                For each thing I read out, I should like you to tell me whether it is:

                Something you already do
                Something you would be willing to do
                Something you would not be willing to do

                Do not read out Don't Know/Unsure - encourage respondent to choose one of first
                three answers and only code as DK/Unsure if respondent unable to decide
                                                                                               Not
                                                                        Already   Willing   willing to    DK
                                                                        do this   to do         do       Unsure
                   include information on individual plant labels to     
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                                  
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                        identify plants that have the potential to be
                                                 invasive in the wild
                      display posters that explain the threats from      
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                                  
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                 species that have the potential to be invasive in
                     the wild and which provide information about
                                    how to use and dispose of them
                      provide leaflets that explain the threats from     
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                                  
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                 species that have the potential to be invasive in
                     the wild and which provide information about
                                    how to use and dispose of them
                 train staff to offer customers information and/or       
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                                  
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                              
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                                         
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                                                                                                          
                    advice about how to use and dispose of plants
                  that have the potential to be invasive in the wild


         12.    Does your organisation provide information and advice to customers about plants
                that have the potential to be invasive in the wild in any other form?
                
                
                
                 No/DK
                
                
                
                 Yes (tick here and write in verbatim description below)
                
                
                Prompt for what type of additional information/advice is given and how this information is
                given (for example, on their website)




         12.    What type of additional information and advice?
                
                
                
                 Information on the label
                
                
                
                 Have reference books/will look up information for customer/posters
                
                
         13.    What, if anything, could Defra do to encourage your organisation to provide
                
                
                 Verbal information
                
                
                customers with (more) information and/or advice about plant species that have the
                
                 Provide customer with leaflets/guides
                
                
                
                potential to be invasive in the wild and the problems they can create?
                
                
                 Through our website
                
                
                PROMPT: Anything else?
                
                
                 Offer information; no explicit method
                
                
                
                 Other
                
                
                




         13.     What, if anything, could Defra do to encourage your organisation to provide
                 customers with (more) information and/or advice about plant species that have the
                 potential to be invasive in the wild and the problems they can create?
                 PROMPT: Anything else?
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
                 
                 
                  Provide more infomation in general
                 
                 
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)
                 
                  Provide leaftets/posters/point of sale material
                 
                 
                 
                 
                 
                  Throught the media
                 
                                                                                                                 283
                  Through the internet/websites/emails
                 
                 
                 
                 
              Hottentto Fig (Carpbrotus edulis)
              Giant Rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)
              False Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia)
              Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)
              Buddleia (Buddleia davidii)


              14.    Some of the plants you sold in the last year are, in fact, plant species that have the
                     potential to be invasive in the wild if not managed appropriately, such as {read out
                     names of the plants listed above}.
                     What are the main reasons for selling such plants?
                     Prompt: Anything else?




             15.
              14.     Some of the plants you Defra the last year are, in fact, plant species to sell to the
                     What, if anything, could sold indo to encourage your organisation not that have the
                     public plants that are known to be potentially invasive?
                      potential to be invasive in the wild if not managed appropriately, such as {read out
                     PROMPT: Anything else? above}.
                      names of the plants listed
                      What are the main reasons for selling such plants?
                      Prompt: Anything else?
                     
                     
                     
                      People buy for their gardens where they can be monitored/popular garden plants
                     
                     
                     
                      Due to demand
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      They attract wildlife e.g. Butterflies/bees etc
                     
                     
                     
                      Do not consider them to be invasive/a threat
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      Classed as common garden plants/popular
                     
                    What, if finish by could Defra do to questions about your organisation
                                               one or two encourage your
             I should like to anything,asking plants/for colour/late flowering organisation not to sell to the
             15.
                     
                     
                     
                      They are that are known to be potentially invasive?
                     
                    public plants ornamental
                     
                     
                     
                      It is an oxygenating plant
                     
                    PROMPT: Anything else?
             16.      many retail outlets do you have selling plants to the public?
                    HowFor ground cover
                     
                     
                     
                     
                    
                    
                     Banned them/stop selling them
                    
                    
                    Enter a number
                    
                    
                    
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     Good not/would not sell these
                     We do for hedging/shade/edgingtypes of plants
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     Other
                    
                    
                     Provide more infomation in general
                    
                     
                     
                     
                      Provide posters/leatets
                     
             17.     Do you sell plants to the public via the Internet as well as through your retail
                     
                     
                      Through the media
                     
                     
                     outlets?
                     
                      Offer an alternative
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      Yes
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      On the label
                     
                     
                      No
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      I do not consider them to be invasive
                     
                     
                      Prove that they are invasive
                     
                     
                     
             18.     Approximately what customers of your annual turnover
                      Need to persuade proportion they shouldn't buy them comes from sales of plants
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     to the general public?
                     respondents is unsure, encourage a guess.
                     
                     
                     
                      Nothing
                     If
                     
                      Don't know
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      less than 10%
                     
                      Other
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      11-25%
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      26-50%
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      51-75%
                     
                     
                      76-100%
                     
                     
                     
                      Don't know
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                      Refused
                     
                     
                     

             19.     Which ONE of the following descriptions best describes your organisation?
                     Read out. If 'something else' tick this code and write a brief description in the box
                     provided.
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        a garden centre
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        a retail nursery
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        an aquatic centre
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        a DIY shop/chain
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        a home improvement shop or chain
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        a supermarket
                     
                     
                     
                     
                        something else (tick here and write in below)




             Thank and close


             Solda
             ll

             solda
              quatic
Wildlife Management and Invasive Non-Native Species: Report of research Findings among the General Public,
Anglers and the Horticultural Retail Trade (Volume 2: Appendices)

                                                                                                                 284

								
To top