Chapter 22 Worksheet by cho16895


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									Name: ______________________ Class: _________________ Date: _________                             ID: A

Chapter 22 Worksheet - Dr. Larson


              Match each item with its description below.
              a. Medicare
              b. Medicaid
              c. Miranda rule
              d. apportionment
____     1.   the way seats in a legislative body are distributed among electoral districts
____     2.   provided health insurance for poor Americans
____     3.   provided health insurance for older Americans
____     4.   required that suspects be informed of their rights


              Use each of the following terms in a sentence that shows the meaning of the term.

         5. mandate
         6. Great Society
         7. Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)
         8. Immigration Act of 1965
         9. Medicaid
        10. Cuban Missile Crisis
        11. Limited Test Ban Treaty
        12. New Frontier
        13. Medicare
        14. Miranda rule
        15. Bay of Pigs invasion
        16. Berlin Wall
        17. Alliance for Progress
        18. Peace Corps
        19. Warren Commission

Name: ______________________                                                                        ID: A

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


____    20. During the 1960 presidential campaign, John F. Kennedy promised to
            a. win the Cold War against the Soviet Union.
            b. cut back dramatically on military spending.
            c. get the American economy moving again.
            d. abolish the electoral college.
____    21. Kennedy won the 1960 election by a
            a. landslide.
            b. mandate.
            c. very slim margin.
            d. vote in the House of Representatives.
____    22. In 1961, President Kennedy committed NASA and the nation to the goal of
            a. expanding the nation’s highway system.
            b. landing a man on the moon within the decade.
            c. replacing Fidel Castro with Fulgencio Batista as ruler of Cuba.
            d. overhauling the nation’s military forces.
____    23. The Warren Commission declared that Kennedy’s assassination was the work of a
            a. large, organized conspiracy.
            b. CIA-directed plot.
            c. gang sent from Cuba.
            d. lone assassin.
____    24. Unlike Kennedy, President Lyndon B. Johnson
            a. had a strong mandate.
            b. was more concerned with foreign policy than domestic policy.
            c. believed military commanders should use nuclear weapons.
            d. opposed civil rights legislation.
____    25. Which of the following was a major part of Johnson’s Great Society?
            a. a tax increase
            b. aid to foreign countries
            c. healthcare legislation
            d. reductions in antipoverty programs
____    26. Several of the important decisions of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren focused on
            a. protecting the constitutional rights of citizens accused of crimes.
            b. declaring Great Society legislation unconstitutional.
            c. continuing segregation policies in American public schools.
            d. medical care for the poor and the elderly.
____    27. Critics of the Great Society complained that it
            a. helped only the middle class.
            b. gave the federal government too much authority.
            c. spent too little money.
            d. gave local communities too much governmental power.

Name: ______________________                                                                         ID: A

____   28. After Kennedy authorized a military buildup to show that the United States would not be bullied by
           the Soviet Union, the Soviets
           a. tried to invade West Germany.
           b. placed a blockade around West Berlin.
           c. began construction of the Berlin Wall.
           d. forced UN troops from East Germany.
____   29. As a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis,
           a. Fidel Castro was removed from power.
           b. the United States set up missile sites in Cuba.
           c. the United States increased investments in Cuba.
           d. the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba.
____   30. Kennedy established the Alliance for Progress in the Western Hemisphere to
           a. replace the Monroe Doctrine.
           b. discourage the spread of communism.
           c. promote pro-Communist revolutionary movements in Latin America.
           d. end American involvement in South Vietnam.
____   31. Which best describes the state of the American economy in 1960?
           a. shrinking dramatically
           b. sluggish, with low GNP growth
           c. booming, with high GNP growth
           d. rapidly growing per capita income
____   32. Which of the following was not a goal of the New Frontier program?
           a. to cut taxes
           b. to empower big business
           c. to provide aid to the poor
           d. to promote the space program
____   33. Which of the following best describes Kennedy’s domestic policy success?
           a. Congress supported nearly all his programs, but most were failures.
           b. He had won a popular mandate that made passage of his programs easy.
           c. He rarely succeeded in pushing legislation through Congress.
           d. He launched a remarkable reform program that altered American society.
____   34. What did the Warren Commission decide about the Kennedy assassination?
           a. The assassination had been authorized by the CIA.
           b. Kennedy was killed by one man who had worked alone.
           c. Communist sympathizers had helped plan the assassination.
           d. Industrial leaders had plotted the murder.
____   35. Which of the following best describes the Great Society?
           a. It won passage of several New Frontier goals and added to them.
           b. It threw out New Frontier measures and replaced them all.
           c. It lacked any support in Congress.
           d. It cut back considerably on federal government spending.
____   36. What was the effect of the tax-cut bill that Johnson got Congress to pass?
           a. The unemployment rate increased.
           b. GNP rose steadily.
           c. The federal deficit grew quickly.
           d. Inflation rose dramatically.

Name: ______________________                                                                         ID: A

____   37. What was the intent of the Immigration Act of 1965, which was passed during the Johnson
           a. to increase the number of immigrants from northern and western Europe
           b. to eliminate quotas restricting immigration from certain countries
           c. to reduce the total annual number of immigrants to the United States
           d. to stem the flow of political refugees to the United States
____   38. What effect did Supreme Court decisions on apportionment have?
           a. People accused of a crime must be informed of their rights.
           b. Low-cost health insurance must be provided for the poor.
           c. Electoral districts had to be redrawn based on “one person, one vote.”
           d. Criminal suspects must be given legal aid free if they cannot afford it.
____   39. President Kennedy asked for a huge increase in military spending because
           a. he was afraid that the Soviet Union planned to take over Europe.
           b. the Soviet Union continually attacked American ships.
           c. he wanted to compete with the Soviet Union’s space program successes.
           d. he wanted to attack Cuba.
____   40. Which of the following brought the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war?
           a. the Cuban Missile Crisis
           b. the signing of the Limited Test Ban Treaty
           c. the Panamanian riot
           d. the Bay of Pigs invasion
____   41. Which of the following best describes the major guiding principle behind the foreign policies of
           Kennedy and Johnson?
           a. to keep European nations out of Latin American
           b. to stifle Asian trade to benefit European trade
           c. to make peace with the Soviet Union
           d. to stop the spread of communism
____   42. In the televised presidential debates between Kennedy and Nixon, Kennedy appeared to be
           a. less intelligent than Nixon.
           b. more polished than Nixon.
           c. more conservative than Nixon.
           d. more experienced than Nixon.
____   43. One obstacle Kennedy faced in his quest for the presidency was his
           a. wife.
           b. health.
           c. age.
           d. wealth.
____   44. Kennedy won the presidential election of 1960 by
           a. a landslide.
           b. a comfortable margin.
           c. a narrow margin.
           d. an error in counting the votes.
____   45. The New Frontier proposals addressed all of the following except
           a. the environment.
           b. the economy.
           c. poverty.
           d. the space program.

Name: ______________________                                                                            ID: A

____   46. President Kennedy proposed to end the continuing recession by
           a. raising taxes.
           b. cutting taxes.
           c. controlling inflation.
           d. fixing prices.
____   47. Kennedy had a rather weak domestic record largely because he lacked
           a. optimism.
           b. bold ideas.
           c. the support of NASA.
           d. the support of Congress.
____   48. The Warren Commission declared that the Kennedy assassination
           a. was the act of a single man.
           b. was part of a larger conspiracy.
           c. resulted from poor security.
           d. could have been avoided.
____   49. As a senator, Lyndon Johnson was famed for his ability to
           a. speak for hours at a time.
           b. respond to the demands of big business.
           c. write legislation.
           d. accomplish his political goals.
____   50. Johnson’s landslide victory in 1964 came about in part because of
           a. the continuing recession.
           b. his opponent’s radical views.
           c. a Supreme Court ruling.
           d. the Vietnam situation.
____   51. All of the following were goals of Great Society programs except
           a. aid to public education.
           b. political reform.
           c. medical care for older Americans.
           d. the elimination of poverty.
____   52. Some critics complained that the Great Society programs
           a. favored rural over urban citizens.
           b. paid too little attention to health care.
           c. gave the rich too many tax breaks.
           d. gave the federal government too much power.
____   53. The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren ruled that
           a. obscenity laws could be more restrictive.
           b. prayer in public schools was constitutional.
           c. evidence seized illegally could not be used in a trial.
           d. an accused individual had no right to a free attorney.
____   54. In Baker v. Carr, the Court declared that congressional districts had to be apportioned on the basis of
           a. one person, one vote.
           b. the desires of the party in power.
           c. long-standing practice.
           d. a loose construction of the Constitution.

Name: ______________________                                                                         ID: A

____    55. The United States supported the Bay of Pigs invasion by
            a. sending 1,500 marines into Cuba.
            b. attempting to destroy Cuba’s air power.
            c. bombing Havana.
            d. providing air cover for the invading soldiers.
____    56. The Soviets built the Berlin Wall in order to prevent
            a. an American invasion.
            b. Kennedy from building up American defenses.
            c. the division of Berlin.
            d. East Germans from fleeing to the West.
____    57. The Soviets provoked Kennedy to quarantine Cuba by
            a. signing the Limited Test Ban Treaty.
            b. making a public ultimatum about Cuba.
            c. positioning missiles on Cuban soil.
            d. attacking American bases in Turkey.
____    58. Kennedy believed that he could encourage stability in Latin America by
            a. promoting economic development.
            b. cooperating with Communist governments.
            c. supporting popular revolutions.
            d. ending social-reform programs.
____    59. One task of Peace Corps volunteers in poor areas was to
            a. organize rebel groups.
            b. teach children American customs.
            c. distribute money.
            d. raise the standard of living.
____    60. Johnson sent marines into the Dominican Republic in 1965 in order to
            a. protect American citizens.
            b. seize control of the government.
            c. support the rebel army.
            d. oversee democratic elections.



        61. Determining Relevance In what way was President Johnson’s Great Society a continuation of
            President Kennedy’s New Frontier?
        62. Checking Consistency How was President Kennedy’s foreign policy consistent with the United
            States’s Cold War goal of containing communism?
        63. Making Comparisons Why was President Johnson more successful than President Kennedy in
            pushing his measures through Congress?
        64. Drawing Conclusions At the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Secretary of State Dean Rusk
            remarked to President Kennedy, “We have won a considerable victory. You and I are still alive.”
            State in your own words what Rusk meant.


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