Thank you for leasing from Flagstaff4Lease.com. If you ever need anything please feel
free to call us at 928-526-7909.
Here are some important numbers to have while moving into your home.
APS (electricity) 1-800-253-9407
Unisource (gas) 1-877-837-4968
Qwest (phone) 1-800-603-6000
City of Flagstaff (water) Go to City Hall at 211 West Aspen
NPG Cable 928-774-5336
Please have any utilities that are required to be in your name switched over to your name
within two business days of your move in date. Also, if the cable company needs
permission to install cable in your home and if they need to drill a hole to install cable, give
them this letter as permission to do so.
And please remember, if you need anything, including maintenance, call 928-526-7909.
Thanks again for leasing from Flagstaff4Lease.com. Good luck in your new home.
Residential Rental Agreement and Receipt For Deposit
THIS LEASE AGREEMENT (hereinafter referred to as the "Agreement") made and
entered into this _______ day of ______________, 2010, by and between
Flagstaff4Lease (hereinafter referred to as "Landlord") and
(hereinafter referred to as "Tenant").
Property Description & Offer: Tenant offers to lease the real property and all fixtures
and improvements thereon and appurtenances incident thereto, plus personal property
described below (collectively the “Premises”)
Property Address: _______________________________ , Flagstaff, AZ, 86004
Occupancy: The premises shall be used only for residential purposes by the following
named persons: _____________________________________________________
Personal Property: Refrigerator and Oven Range
Pets: (check one)
_______ No pets allowed. Tenant agrees not to keep or permit any pets on the
premises without prior written consent of the landlord. Any violation of this rule will be
immediate grounds for eviction and the tenant(s) shall be held responsible for any costs
due to odors, stains, damages, and pest infestation caused by the illegal pet. The tenant(s)
shall be held responsible for all moneys due because of said eviction.
_______ Landlord hereby grants tenant permission to keep the following pets on the
If the tenant(s) have written authorization to keep a pet on the premises, they will insure that
the pet(s) is/are kept quiet as not to disturb the neighbors, that the animal wastes are picked
up and disposed of correctly, and that any damages, stains, odors, and pest infestation
shall be the financial responsibility of the tenant(s)
Term: This lease shall begin on ________________ at 12:01 am and end on
________________ at 11:59 pm at which time Tenant shall return all keys and vacate the
premises unless Landlord and Tenant agree to an extension or renewal of this agreement.
If the tenant fails to vacate the premises as provided for in this agreement, the landlord shall
be entitled to recover an amount equal to not more than two monthsʼ periodic rent or twice
the actual damages sustained by the landlord, whichever is greater. The tenant shall be
obligated to pay rent until keys have been physically returned to landlord. Leaving keys in
or on the premises will not be considered a return of keys.
Rent: Tenant shall pay monthly installments of $__________ due on the ________ day
of the month. Any rent check that is returned by the bank for any reason shall cause all future
payments to be paid in the form of certified funds. Landlord is not required to accept a
partial payment of rent or other charges. The tenant(s) will be assessed $40.00 for all
returned checks. The tenant(s) will also be charged $5.00 for each day that the rent is not
paid after the due date. In the event a FIVE DAY NOTICE TO PAY OR QUIT has to be
mailed to tenant due to past due rent, a $25.00 fee will be charged in addition to any late
fees, court costs and or other expenses incurred by landlord. Such charges and fees shall
be collected as additional rent. If the tenant(s) should refuse to pay the late charges, fines,
bank charges or any other fees charged to the tenant(s), the tenant(s) will have 5 days after
receipt of written notification to pay moneys owed to that date or the rental agreement shall
be terminated. Should the written notification be refused by the tenant(s), the returned
notice shall serve as proof that the attempt was made to serve said notice. Each tenant is
responsible for the whole lease, not just a proportionate share of the lease. Be advised
that the tenant(s) may be held liable for all court and attorney costs, any repair to the unit
due to negligence or hostile reasons by the tenant(s), and any unpaid rents and late
charges due. The tenant(s) shall be held responsible for any rent due through the term of
the Residential Agreement and Receipt for Deposit or until the unit is re-rented. A tenant
may not, at any time, deduct expenses or compensation from a rent check or payment. In
the event Landlord has to file a forcible detainer for eviction due to non payment of rent,
tenant shall pay landlord $50 plus court costs plus $5 per day late fees.
Utilities: Tenant agrees to arrange and pay for when due all utilities. Tenant(s) agree to have
the utilities turned on in their name(s) prior to moving in. In the event that the utilities are on a
master meter (one meter), landlord shall place the utility in landlords name and bill back the tenant
on a pro rata basis monthly.
Application / Credit Report(s): This agreement is conditioned on the satisfactory
verification and approval by landlord of tenantʼs employment, credit, banking references
and past rental history through landlord. Tenant shall complete a separate rental and/or
credit application containing the necessary information. Tenant warrants that the information
is correct and complete and that tenant has disclosed all pertinent information and has not
withheld any information, including but not limited to poor credit, early termination's of leases,
evictions or bankruptcy. The material falsification of any information including but not limited
to information relating to pets, income, employment, criminal records, prior eviction records
or current criminal activity, shall entitle landlord to terminate this agreement. Upon such
termination, landlord may pursue all applicable remedies, including but not limited to, a claim
for rent for the remainder of the term of this agreement, all other quantifiable damages, court
costs and reasonable attorneyʼs fees. The credit history of tenant with respect to this
agreement may be reported to any credit bureau or reporting agency.
Security Deposit +$______________ Refundable
Pet deposit +$______________ Non Refundable
Initial Rent Payment +$______________
Total Required Payment =$______________
Less earnest money -$ ______________
Balance Due =$______________ by ___/___/________
Note: Total payments and deposits shown above, including pet deposit but excluding
any cleaning or redecorating deposit and first monthʼs rent, may not exceed one and one-
half monthʼs rent. Any cleaning or redecorating deposit must be reasonable. The
breakdown of the deposit amounts shown above is solely for the purpose of showing how
such amounts were calculated and does not limit landlordʼs right to use all deposit amounts
as permitted. Tenant shall not use any of refundable deposit as a credit towards last
monthʼs rent. Should the lease be broken by the tenant(s) prior to the termination of the
Residential Rental Agreement and Receipt for Deposit without the written authorization by
the managing agent, the tenant(s) shall forfeit all security deposits, and be held responsible
to pay all costs due. Deposits may be placed in interest-bearing account(s), which interest
will be retained by landlord.
If the premises are surrendered to landlord at the termination or expiration of this agreement
in a clean and undamaged condition acceptable to landlord, landlord shall return the
refundable deposits to the tenant. However, if the premises are delivered to landlord in an
unclean or damaged condition not acceptable to landlord, landlord may, at landlordʼs option,
retain all or a portion of the refundable deposits, and may hold the tenant liable for any
The tenant(s) should notify the landlord when the property will be ready for the checkout
inspection prior to the termination of the lease, at which the landlord shall schedule the
inspection during normal business hours at his/her discretion. Checkout inspection shall be
scheduled for a time after tenant(s) have returned keys to landlord.
The cleaning deposit is to be used by the landlord to have the unit cleaned after the tenant
has vacated the premises. Should the cost of cleaning the unit exceed the amount of the
cleaning deposit, the balance shall be deducted from the security deposit. Should the cost
of cleaning not exceed the amount of the cleaning deposit, the balance of the cleaning
deposit shall be refunded to the tenant(s). Should the tenant(s) leave the unit in the same
clean and neat condition, the security deposit and the cleaning deposit less the cost of
having the carpet steam-cleaned will be returned to the tenant within 14 business days after
Maintenance of the Premises: Tenant has examined the premises and is satisfied with
the physical condition, except as otherwise noted in writing. The tenant(s) acknowledge that
the premises is being rented in its present condition. Upon termination of this agreement,
tenant promises to surrender the premises to landlord in the same condition as when the
agreement term commenced, reasonable wear and tear expected. Tenant shall maintain
the premises in a neat and undamaged condition and in particular, shall comply with
applicable provisions of building codes, maintain the premises in a clean and safe condition,
dispose of all ashes, rubbish, garbage and other waste in a clean and safe manner, keep
and use all plumbing and electrical, sanitary, heating, ventilating and air conditioning facilities
and elevators and other facilities and appliances in a clean and reasonable manner, and
generally conduct themselves and others in their charge, including pets, in a manner so as
not to disturb their neighbors or in any way, deface, damage, impair or otherwise destroy
any part of the premises. If tenant fails to comply with such requirements, landlord may
make necessary repairs and submit a bill to tenant. Tenant also agrees to replace furnace
filters, air conditioning filters, light bulbs and smoke alarm batteries as frequently as
conditions require. Landlord shall at all times comply with the requirements of applicable
building codes, make all repairs necessary to keep the premises in a fit and habitable
condition, keep all the common areas in a clean and safe condition, and maintain in a good
and safe working order all existing appliances, plumbing and electrical facilities.
The tenant(s) shall be held responsible for:
a. any repairs to the property due to negligence or misuse by the tenant(s).
b. any repairs required due to foreign objects or articles found in any appliances, drains,
toilets, bathtubs, basin/sinks, and/or garbage disposals causing a malfunction.
c. any plumbing costs involving the removal of hair that initiated a clog in a bathtub,
sink/basin, or shower drain.
d. any burned out light bulbs.
e. fill any holes and restore the area to a reasonable acceptable condition.
f. cleaning of the chimneys and changing of the filters, should the owner choose not to do
g. should you request a repair and there is no need for one, you will be charged for the
The landlord is not responsible for any losses from food spoilage as a result of your
refrigerator or freezer malfunctioning. Please call us immediately should there be a problem
with your refrigerator and service will be promptly arranged.
The tenant(s) must report any water or gas leaks, sings of possible termite infestation, any
potential hazards, or electrical hazards immediately to the landlord. Any item or portion of
the property that needs attention or in need of repair must be reported to the landlord
during business hours within two days of discovery. Any request for repairs that are not an
emergency shall be submitted in writing. If you have made a request and a service person
has not arrived within three days of our receiving such a request, please call us back to let us
know that the repairs have not been completed. Please note that requests for repairs shall
be processed Monday through Friday. Only emergencies shall be done during the
weekend or holiday. Should a repair not be reported within the above specified time and
end up causing more damage to the property, the tenant(s) shall bear responsibility of the
cost of the repair.
The tenant(s) should notify the landlord of any absences from the property of more that 7
days along with a telephone number where the tenant(s) may be reached during their
Any changes in phone numbers of the tenant(s) residence or business must be reported
within 3 days of the change.
The tenant(s) are responsible for maintaining the yard and premises when applicable to
where such premises is deemed in a neat and orderly condition by the landlord.
No smoking will be allowed inside the premises. Smoking will be permitted outside the
Tenant(s) understands that the landlord is not responsible for snow removal upon or about
the premises or associated in any way with the premises. Furthermore, the tenant(s)
agrees to assume and hold the landlord harmless from any and all liability arising from or in
connection with injuries or death to persons or property damage resulting from tenant(s)
failure to accomplish snow removal in a timely and safe fashion. Any snow removal
undertaken by the landlord shall not in any way eliminate the tenant(s) responsibility for
snow removal nor provide the tenant with a basis to expect the landlord to be responsible
for snow removal at any time in the future.
Attached to your rental agreement is a property condition form. It must be signed and
returned to our office within five days after you move into the property. Be sure to describe
in detail all damages or repairs needed that are not listed on the form. If we do not receive
the completed and signed form within five days after you move in, we will assume that the
property is in the condition as it is listed on the previous tenantʼs form and you will be
responsible for any damages and repairs after you move out.
Alterations and Improvements: Tenant shall not make any alterations or improvements
in any way without landlordʼs prior written consent.
Assignment and Occupancy Restrictions: Only persons listed above may occupy
the premises or any part thereof without landlords prior written consent. If tenant attempts
to sublet, or assign this agreement and/or allows any persons other than those listed above
to occupy the premises without landlordʼs prior written consent, such acts shall be deemed
a material noncompliance by the tenant of this agreement and the landlord may terminate
Indemnity and Release: Tenant agrees to indemnify and hold harmless landlord and any
of their respected agents, representatives or employees from any loss, claim, liability or
expense arising from injury to any person or damage to or loss of any property, in any way
caused by tenants and their guests, invitees, agents, pets or others under their control.
Tenant Liability/Renters Insurance: Tenant assumes all liability for personal injury,
property damage or loss, and insurable risks. Landlord strongly recommends that tenant
obtain and keep renters insurance in full force and effect during the full term of this
agreement. Landlord shall not be held responsible or liable for any loss, damage, theft, or
destruction of any of the tenant(s)ʼs personal property. Also, should the tenant(s) be asked
to leave the premises under emergency conditions, the tenant(s) is responsible for
obtaining and paying for his or her lodging for the period needed.
Default: Should the lease be broken by the tenant(s) prior to the termination of the
Residential Rental Agreement and Receipt for Deposit without the written authorization by
the landlord, the tenant(s) shall forfeit all security deposits, and be held responsible to pay
all costs due.
Rules, Regulations and Applicable Law: Both landlord and tenant agree to comply
with applicable laws, ordinances, regulations, convenience, conditions and restrictions, and
homeowners association rules and regulations concerning the premises. Tenant agrees to
supervise tenantʼs family, guests and invitees to insure their compliance with these rules,
regulations and laws. Tenant shall be responsible for any actions of tenantʼs family, guests
and invitees who violate this agreement or landlords rules or regulations. Tenant is
responsible for any fines or penalties assessed by any governing body as a result of
tenantʼs violation of any of these rules regulations and laws. The tenant has either received
a copy of any rules, regulations and laws concerning the premises, or has made an
independent investigation of the applicability of such rules, regulations, and laws as to the
tenants use of the premises. If the state, county, municipal or other governmental bodies
adopts new ordinances, rules or other legal provisions affecting this agreement, the landlord
may make immediate amendments to bring this agreement in to compliance with the law. In
such event, the landlord agrees to give tenant written notice that this agreement has been
amended and shall provide a brief description of the amendment and effective date. Any
illegal activity found on the premises will be immediate grounds for termination of this lease.
The tenant(s) will be held responsible for all costs due to the eviction.
Access: The tenant agrees to make the premises available to the landlord with at least
two (2) calendar days notice in order to inspect the premises, make necessary or agreed
repairs, decoration, alterations or improvements, supply necessary or agreed services, or
to exhibit the premises to prospective or actual buyers, mortgagees, tenants, workmen, or
Counterpart and Facsimile: This agreement, any attached exhibits, and any addenda or
supplements signed by the parties shall constitute the entire agreement between landlord
and tenant and shall supersede any other written or oral agreement between landlord and
tenant. This agreement can only be modified in writing and signed by landlord and tenant.
A fully executed facsimile copy of the entire agreement shall be treated as the original
agreement. This agreement may be signed in counterpart.
Time of Essence: Time is of the essence of this agreement.
Late or Partial Payments: The acceptance by landlord of any late or partial payment
shall not change the due date or amount of any required payment in the future and shall not
relieve tenant of any obligation to pay the balance of the rent and any applicable late fees
Waivers: No waiver by landlord of any provision herein shall be enforceable against
landlord unless in writing signed by landlord, nor shall it be deemed a waiver of any other
provision herein or of any subsequent beach by tenant of the same or any other provision.
Landlords consent to or approval of any act shall not constitute a continuing consent to or
approval of any subsequent act by tenant.
Attorneyʼs Fees and Costs: If a lawsuit or arbitration proceeding is brought to enforce
the terms of this agreement, the prevailing party shall be entitled to received reasonable
attoryneyʼs fees and costs as set by the court or arbitrator.
Subordination: This agreement shall be subordinate to all present and future ground
leases, mortgages, deeds of trust, and any other encumbrances consented to by landlord
and also to any modifications or extensions thereof. Tenant agrees to execute any
subordination agreements or other similar documents presented by landlord within three (3)
calendar days of presentation.
TENANT'S HOLD OVER. Tenant shall give landlord thirty (30) days written notice of
tenants intent to vacate the premise thirty (30) days prior to the natural expiration of this
Agreement. In the absence of such notice a new tenancy from month-to-month shall be
created between Landlord and Tenant which shall be subject to all of the terms and
conditions hereof except that such tenancy shall be terminable upon thirty (30) days written
notice served by either party. It tenant fails to give landlord a thirty (30) day written notice
tenant shall forfit the security deposit to landlord and landlord reserves all recourse as per
this lease agreement.
Notices: Unless otherwise provided for by statue or by agreement of the parties, all
notices herein shall be in writing and shall be delivered to landlord at the address below and
to tenant at the premises and shall be sent by registered or certified mail, or personally
delivered. Such notice shall be deemed received on the date the notice is actually received
or five(5) calendar days after the date the notice is mailed by registered or certified mail,
whichever occurs first.
Equal Housing Opportunity: Properties will be presented in compliance with federal,
state and local fair housing laws and regulations.
Court Modification: If any provision of this agreement is found by a court to be invalid,
illegal or vague, the parties agree that such provision shall be modified or stricken by the
court to the minimum extent deemed necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable and
that all other provisions of this agreement shall remain in full force and effect.
Construction of Language: The language of this agreement shall be construed
according to its fair meaning and not strictly for or against either party. Words in masculine,
feminine or neuter shall apply to either gender or the neuter as appropriate. All singular and
plural words shall be interpreted to refer to the number consistent with circumstances and
context. The titles to the paragraphs of this Lease Agreement are solely for the
convenience of the parties and shall not be used to explain, modify, simplify or aid in the
interpretation of the provisions of this Lease Agreement.
Keys: Landlord agrees to deliver to tenant two keys. The tenant(s) may not replace or add any
locks to the property without the landlords written authorization. All keys must be returned to the
landlord on or before the day of checkout. The property will not be deemed vacated until all keys
are returned to the landlord. Keys are not to be left in the unit for pickup.
Should the tenant(s) lock themselves out after regular business hours, on weekends, or holidays,
a charge of $25.00 will be charged to the tenant which will be paid immediately to landlord
Additional Terms: Smoking is not permitted in the rental unit or on the property or
common areas. Storage of any items outside the rental unit is prohibited. No satellite
dishes allowed. Only two vehicles are allowed in the parking lot at a time and in your
assigned space which corresponds to your rental unit number. Vehicles must be in working
ordered, licensed and registered. Window blinds must be maintained in a working and
presentable manner and no curtains shall be seen from the outside through the windows.
As a courtesy to your neighbors, noise is to be kept at a minimum after 9:00PM daily.
Children and guests are to follow all rules and terms of this lease. You are responsible for
keeping debris and or other items clear from the front and rear of your rental unit including
sweeping the sidewalk and cleaning of windows on a regular basis; if you fail to do so the
landlord shall do this and you will be charged for this service. If you request a service and it
is deemed not needed, you will be charged $25 for our time plus any professional service
Tenant acknowledges that the premises has one Carbon Monoxide Detector
(CO Detector) and one Smoke Detector and that BOTH the CO Detector and
Smoke Detector are in working order.
Tenant also agrees to the following:
1. Tenant will test BOTH the CO and Smoke Detectors weekly.
2. BOTH Detectors are battery operated. Tenant WILL replace the batteries as
needed and tenant WILL report any problems with either Detector immediately.
3. In the event that service is needed on any gas appliances such as but not
limited to the furnace, oven range or water heater, tenant WILL call landlord
immediately. Tenant WILL NOT EVER attempt to service the gas appliances
including lighting the pilot should it go out. In the event of an emergency, tenant
WILL call 911.
4. In the event of a non life threatening emergency and in order to insure prompt
service, tenant WILL CALL our Maintenance Line at 928-526-7909 and NEVER
call any other saved numbers including mangers cell phone.
(Lesseeʼs initials are required) _______ ________
Tenant is aware that Landlord is a Licensed Real Estate Agent in the State of
Rent is to be paid on time by the first of every month and shall either be delivered in
the mail by the first day of the month or hand delivered to the following address and paid
by CERTIFIED FUNDS ONLY. Personal checks will be returned and your rental payment
will be deemed late until we receive it in full with certified funds.
Rent and all correspondence is to be mailed to:
2532 N. 4th St., PMB 118
Flagstaff, AZ 86004.
If the rent due date falls on a weekend or holiday, the rent is due on the next business day
after the weekend or holiday. Rent must be received by the due date.
Lead Based Paint Disclosure: The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Development requires a Lessor of most residential real property built prior to 1978 to
notify the Tenant of any known lead-based paint hazards, and to provide the Tenant with
any information contained in lead-based paint risk assessments or inspections in the
Landlordʼs possession. (This disclosure requirement does not apply to certain leases
including a lease of property that has been determined by a certain lead-based paint
inspector to be free from lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards; and short-term
leases of 100 days or less, as long as no renewal or extension of the lease can occur.) By
initialing below, Tenant acknowledges either:
_X__that the residences and buildings including in this lease were constructed prior to 1978,
and that the Tenant has received and executed the Disclosure of Information on Lead-
Based Paint and Lead-Based Paint Hazards, referenced as the Lead-based Paint
addendum, and has received any reports, records, pamphlets, and/or other materials
referenced therein, including the pamphlet “Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home”;
_____that the residence and buildings included in this lease were constructed in 1978 or
(Lesseeʼs initials are required) _______ ________
Tenant Acknowledgment: By signing below, Tenant acknowledges that: 1) a free copy
of the Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act is available through the Arizona
Secretary of Stateʼs Office, A.R.S. 33-1322; 2) The landlord shall furnish upon move-in, a
move-in form for specifying any existing damages to the Premises; 3) The tenant is hereby
notified that tenant is entitled to be present at the move-out inspection; 4) Tenant
understands and agrees to the terms and conditions of the agreement and tenant agrees to
be bound by the terms and conditions of this agreement and acknowledges a receipt of a
copy of all pages of the agreement and any addenda's.
tenant signature mo/da/yr tenant signature mo/da/yr
tenant/ print name tenant/ print name
tenant address tenant address
Landlord Acknowledgment: Landlord has read this entire agreement. The landlord
acknowledges that landlord understands the terms and conditions contained herein. The
landlord accepts and agrees to be bound by the terms and conditions of this agreement.
landlord signature mo/da/yr landlord signature mo/da/yr
landlord/manager print name landlord/ print name
landlord address landlord address
Property Inspection Checklist
The premises located at __________________________________________ are clean, safe, in good
repair and without defects, except as noted below (for each area, note defects/damage on floor, carpet,
walls, ceilings, doors, windows, hardware, fixtures, appliances, cabinets, etc.):
CO and Smoke Detectors:______________________________________________
(for additional rooms, continue on back of form)
When completed and signed, this form will be attached to your Rental Agreement. Costs
to repair defects/damages not noted on this checklist are the tenant(s) responsibility and will
be deducted from the security deposit if not repaired prior to vacating the premises. If you
fail to complete and return this form, the landlord will presume that no defects exist. MAKE
A THOROUGH INSPECTION OF THE PREMISES & NOTE ALL DEFECTS!
Simple Steps To Protect Your Family
From Lead Hazards
If you think your home has high
levels of lead:
N Get your young children tested for lead, even if
they seem healthy.
N Wash children’s hands, bottles, pacifiers, and toys
N Make sure children eat healthy, low-fat foods.
N Get your home checked for lead hazards.
N Regularly clean floors, window sills, and other
N Wipe soil off shoes before entering house.
N Talk to your landlord about fixing surfaces with
peeling or chipping paint.
N Take precautions to avoid exposure to lead dust
when remodeling or renovating (call 1-800-424-
LEAD for guidelines).
N Don’t use a belt-sander, propane torch, high
temperature heat gun, scraper, or sandpaper on
painted surfaces that may contain lead.
N Don’t try to remove lead-based paint yourself.
Printed with vegetable oil based inks on recycled paper
(minimum 50% postconsumer) process chlorine free.
Department of Housing
and Urban Development
Are You Planning To Buy, Rent, or Renovate
a Home Built Before 1978?
any houses and apartments built before 1978 have
paint that contains high levels of lead (called lead-
based paint). Lead from paint, chips, and dust can
pose serious health hazards if not taken care of properly.
OWNERS, BUYERS, and RENTERS are
encouraged to check for lead (see page 6)
before renting, buying or renovating pre-
ederal law requires that individuals receive certain
information before renting, buying, or renovating
LANDLORDS have to disclose known infor-
mation on lead-based paint and lead-based
paint hazards before leases take effect.
Leases must include a disclosure about
SELLERS have to disclose known informa-
tion on lead-based paint and lead-based
paint hazards before selling a house. Sales
contracts must include a disclosure about
lead-based paint. Buyers have up to 10
days to check for lead.
RENOVATORS disturbing more than 2 square
feet of painted surfaces have to give you
this pamphlet before starting work.
Lead From Paint, Dust, and
Soil Can Be Dangerous If Not
FACT: Lead exposure can harm young
children and babies even before they
FACT: Even children who seem healthy can
have high levels of lead in their bodies.
FACT: People can get lead in their bodies by
breathing or swallowing lead dust, or by
eating soil or paint chips containing
FACT: People have many options for reducing
lead hazards. In most cases, lead-based
paint that is in good condition is not a
FACT: Removing lead-based paint improperly
can increase the danger to your family.
If you think your home might have lead
hazards, read this pamphlet to learn some
simple steps to protect your family.
Lead Gets in the Body in Many Ways
People can get lead in their body if they:
N Breathe in lead dust (especially during
lead renovations that disturb painted
remains a N Put their hands or other objects
major covered with lead dust in their mouths.
environmen- N Eat paint chips or soil that contains
tal health lead.
the U.S. Lead is even more dangerous to children
under the age of 6:
N At this age children’s brains and nervous
systems are more sensitive to the dam-
aging effects of lead.
Even children N Children’s growing bodies absorb more
who appear lead.
healthy can N Babies and young children often put
have danger- their hands and other objects in their
ous levels of mouths. These objects can have lead
lead in their dust on them.
Lead is also dangerous to women of
N Women with a high lead level in their
system prior to pregnancy would expose
a fetus to lead through the placenta
during fetal development.
It is important to know that even exposure
to low levels of lead can severely harm
In children, lead can cause:
N Nervous system and kidney damage.
N Learning disabilities, attention deficit Brain or Nerve Damage
disorder, and decreased intelligence. Hearing
N Speech, language, and behavior
N Poor muscle coordination.
N Decreased muscle and bone growth. Growth
N Hearing damage.
While low-lead exposure is most
common, exposure to high levels of
lead can have devastating effects on
children, including seizures, uncon-
sciousness, and, in some cases, death.
Although children are especially
susceptible to lead exposure, lead
can be dangerous for adults too.
In adults, lead can cause: Problems
N Increased chance of illness during Reproductive
N Harm to a fetus, including brain
damage or death. Lead affects
N Fertility problems (in men and women). the body in
N High blood pressure.
N Digestive problems.
N Nerve disorders.
N Memory and concentration problems.
N Muscle and joint pain.
Where Lead-Based Paint Is Found
Many homes built before 1978 have lead-
In general, based paint. The federal government
the older your banned lead-based paint from housing in
home, the 1978. Some states stopped its use even
more likely it earlier. Lead can be found:
has lead- N In homes in the city, country, or suburbs.
based paint. N In apartments, single-family homes, and
both private and public housing.
N Inside and outside of the house.
N In soil around a home. (Soil can pick up
lead from exterior paint or other sources
such as past use of leaded gas in cars.)
Checking Your Family for Lead
To reduce your child's exposure to lead,
Get your get your child checked, have your home
children and tested (especially if your home has paint
home tested in poor condition and was built before
if you think 1978), and fix any hazards you may have.
Children's blood lead levels tend to increase
your home rapidly from 6 to 12 months of age, and
has high lev- tend to peak at 18 to 24 months of age.
els of lead. Consult your doctor for advice on testing
your children. A simple blood test can
detect high levels of lead. Blood tests are
usually recommended for:
N Children at ages 1 and 2.
N Children or other family members who
have been exposed to high levels of lead.
N Children who should be tested under
your state or local health screening plan.
Your doctor can explain what the test results
mean and if more testing will be needed.
Identifying Lead Hazards
Lead-based paint is usually not a hazard if
it is in good condition, and it is not on an Lead from
impact or friction surface, like a window. It paint chips,
is defined by the federal government as which you
paint with lead levels greater than or equal
to 1.0 milligram per square centimeter, or can see, and
more than 0.5% by weight. lead dust,
Deteriorating lead-based paint (peeling, which you
chipping, chalking, cracking or damaged) can’t always
is a hazard and needs immediate attention. see, can both
It may also be a hazard when found on sur- be serious
faces that children can chew or that get a hazards.
lot of wear-and-tear, such as:
N Windows and window sills.
N Doors and door frames.
N Stairs, railings, banisters, and porches.
Lead dust can form when lead-based paint is scraped, sanded, or
heated. Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub togeth-
er. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people
touch. Settled lead dust can re-enter the air when people vacuum,
sweep, or walk through it. The following two federal standards have
been set for lead hazards in dust:
N 40 micrograms per square foot (µg/ft2) and higher for floors,
including carpeted floors.
N 250 µg/ft2 and higher for interior window sills.
Lead in soil can be a hazard when children play in bare soil or
when people bring soil into the house on their shoes. The following
two federal standards have been set for lead hazards in residential
N 400 parts per million (ppm) and higher in play areas of bare soil.
N 1,200 ppm (average) and higher in bare soil in the remainder of
The only way to find out if paint, dust and soil lead hazards exist is
to test for them. The next page describes the most common meth-
Checking Your Home for Lead
You can get your home tested for lead in
Just knowing several different ways:
that a home N A paint inspection tells you whether your
has lead- home has lead-based paint and where it
based paint is located. It won’t tell you whether or not
may not tell your home currently has lead hazards.
you if there N A risk assessment tells you if your home
is a hazard. currently has any lead hazards from lead
in paint, dust, or soil. It also tells you what
actions to take to address any hazards.
N A combination risk assessment and
inspection tells you if your home has
any lead hazards and if your home has
any lead-based paint, and where the
lead-based paint is located.
Hire a trained and certified testing profes-
sional who will use a range of reliable
methods when testing your home.
N Visual inspection of paint condition
N A portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF)
N Lab tests of paint, dust, and soil
There are state and federal programs in
place to ensure that testing is done safely,
reliably, and effectively. Contact your state
or local agency (see bottom of page 11) for
more information, or call 1-800-424-LEAD
(5323) for a list of contacts in your area.
Home test kits for lead are available, but
may not always be accurate. Consumers
should not rely on these kits before doing
renovations or to assure safety.
What You Can Do Now To Protect
If you suspect that your house has lead
hazards, you can take some immediate
steps to reduce your family’s risk:
N If you rent, notify your landlord of
peeling or chipping paint.
N Clean up paint chips immediately.
N Clean floors, window frames, window
sills, and other surfaces weekly. Use a
mop or sponge with warm water and a
general all-purpose cleaner or a cleaner
made specifically for lead. REMEMBER:
NEVER MIX AMMONIA AND BLEACH
PRODUCTS TOGETHER SINCE THEY
CAN FORM A DANGEROUS GAS.
N Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop
heads after cleaning dirty or dusty
N Wash children’s hands often, especial-
ly before they eat and before nap time
and bed time.
N Keep play areas clean. Wash bottles,
pacifiers, toys, and stuffed animals
N Keep children from chewing window
sills or other painted surfaces.
N Clean or remove shoes before
entering your home to avoid
tracking in lead from soil.
N Make sure children eat
nutritious, low-fat meals high
in iron and calcium, such as
spinach and dairy products.
Children with good diets absorb
Reducing Lead Hazards In The Home
In addition to day-to-day cleaning and good
lead N You can temporarily reduce lead hazards
improperly by taking actions such as repairing dam-
can increase aged painted surfaces and planting grass
the hazard to to cover soil with high lead levels. These
actions (called “interim controls”) are not
your family permanent solutions and will need ongo-
by spreading ing attention.
even more N To permanently remove lead hazards,
lead dust you should hire a certified lead “abate-
around the ment” contractor. Abatement (or perma-
house. nent hazard elimination) methods
include removing, sealing, or enclosing
Always use a lead-based paint with special materials.
professional who Just painting over the hazard with regular
is trained to paint is not permanent removal.
remove lead Always hire a person with special training
for correcting lead problems—someone
who knows how to do this work safely and
has the proper equipment to clean up
thoroughly. Certified contractors will employ
qualified workers and follow strict safety
rules as set by their state or by the federal
Once the work is completed, dust cleanup
activities must be repeated until testing
indicates that lead dust levels are below the
N 40 micrograms per square foot (µg/ft2)
for floors, including carpeted floors;
N 250 µg/ft2 for interior windows sills; and
N 400 µg/ft2 for window troughs.
Call your state or local agency (see bottom
of page 11) for help in locating certified
professionals in your area and to see if
8 financial assistance is available.
Remodeling or Renovating a Home With
Take precautions before your contractor or
you begin remodeling or renovating any-
thing that disturbs painted surfaces (such
as scraping off paint or tearing out walls):
N Have the area tested for lead-based
N Do not use a belt-sander, propane
torch, high temperature heat gun, dry
scraper, or dry sandpaper to remove
lead-based paint. These actions create
large amounts of lead dust and fumes.
Lead dust can remain in your home If not
long after the work is done.
N Temporarily move your family (espe- properly,
cially children and pregnant women)
out of the apartment or house until
the work is done and the area is prop- of renova-
erly cleaned. If you can’t move your tions can
family, at least completely seal off the release lead
work area. from paint
N Follow other safety measures to and dust into
reduce lead hazards. You can find out the air.
about other safety measures by calling
1-800-424-LEAD. Ask for the brochure
“Reducing Lead Hazards When
Remodeling Your Home.” This brochure
explains what to do before, during,
and after renovations.
If you have already completed renova-
tions or remodeling that could have
released lead-based paint or dust, get
your young children tested and follow
the steps outlined on page 7 of this
Other Sources of Lead
N Drinking water. Your home might have
plumbing with lead or lead solder. Call
your local health department or water
supplier to find out about testing your
water. You cannot see, smell, or taste
lead, and boiling your water will not get
rid of lead. If you think your plumbing
might have lead in it:
• Use only cold water for drinking and
While paint, dust, cooking.
and soil are the
• Run water for 15 to 30 seconds
sources of lead, before drinking it, especially if you
other lead have not used your water for a few
sources also exist. hours.
N The job. If you work with lead, you
could bring it home on your hands or
clothes. Shower and change clothes
before coming home. Launder your work
clothes separately from the rest of your
N Old painted toys and furniture.
N Food and liquids stored in lead crystal
or lead-glazed pottery or porcelain.
N Lead smelters or other industries that
release lead into the air.
N Hobbies that use lead, such as making
pottery or stained glass, or refinishing
N Folk remedies that contain lead, such as
“greta” and “azarcon” used to treat an
For More Information
The National Lead Information Center
Call 1-800-424-LEAD (424-5323) to learn
how to protect children from lead poisoning
and for other information on lead hazards.
To access lead information via the web, visit
EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline
Call 1-800-426-4791 for information about
lead in drinking water.
Consumer Product Safety
Commission (CPSC) Hotline
To request information on lead in
consumer products, or to report an
unsafe consumer product or a prod-
uct-related injury call 1-800-638-
2772, or visit CPSC's Web site at:
Health and Environmental Agencies
Some cities, states, and tribes have
their own rules for lead-based paint
activities. Check with your local agency to
see which laws apply to you. Most agencies
can also provide information on finding a
lead abatement firm in your area, and on
possible sources of financial aid for reducing
lead hazards. Receive up-to-date address
and phone information for your local con-
tacts on the Internet at www.epa.gov/lead
or contact the National Lead Information
Center at 1-800-424-LEAD.
For the hearing impaired, call the Federal Information
Relay Service at 1-800-877-8339 to access any of
the phone numbers in this brochure.
EPA Regional Offices
Your Regional EPA Office can provide further information regard-
ing regulations and lead protection programs.
EPA Regional Offices
Region 1 (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Region 6 (Arkansas, Louisiana, New
Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
Vermont) Regional Lead Contact
Regional Lead Contact U.S. EPA Region 6
U.S. EPA Region 1 1445 Ross Avenue, 12th Floor
Suite 1100 (CPT) Dallas, TX 75202-2733
One Congress Street (214) 665-7577
Boston, MA 02114-2023
1 (888) 372-7341
Region 7 (Iowa, Kansas, Missouri,
Region 2 (New Jersey, New York, Nebraska)
Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands)
Regional Lead Contact
Regional Lead Contact U.S. EPA Region 7
U.S. EPA Region 2 (ARTD-RALI)
2890 Woodbridge Avenue 901 N. 5th Street
Building 209, Mail Stop 225 Kansas City, KS 66101
Edison, NJ 08837-3679 (913) 551-7020
Region 8 (Colorado, Montana, North
Region 3 (Delaware, Maryland, Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington DC,
West Virginia) Regional Lead Contact
U.S. EPA Region 8
Regional Lead Contact 999 18th Street, Suite 500
U.S. EPA Region 3 (3WC33) Denver, CO 80202-2466
1650 Arch Street (303) 312-6021
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Region 4 (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Region 9 (Arizona, California, Hawaii,
Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nevada)
South Carolina, Tennessee) Regional Lead Contact
Regional Lead Contact U.S. Region 9
U.S. EPA Region 4 75 Hawthorne Street
61 Forsyth Street, SW San Francisco, CA 94105
Atlanta, GA 30303 (415) 947-4164
Region 10 (Alaska, Idaho, Oregon,
Region 5 (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan,
Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin)
Regional Lead Contact
Regional Lead Contact
U.S. EPA Region 10
U.S. EPA Region 5 (DT-8J)
Toxics Section WCM-128
77 West Jackson Boulevard
1200 Sixth Avenue
Chicago, IL 60604-3666
Seattle, WA 98101-1128
CPSC Regional Offices
Your Regional CPSC Office can provide further information regard-
ing regulations and consumer product safety.
Eastern Regional Center Western Regional Center
Consumer Product Safety Commission Consumer Product Safety Commission
201 Varick Street, Room 903 1301 Clay Street, Suite 610-N
New York, NY 10014 Oakland, CA 94612
(212) 620-4120 (510) 637-4050
Central Regional Center
Consumer Product Safety Commission
230 South Dearborn Street, Room 2944
Chicago, IL 60604
HUD Lead Office
Please contact HUD's Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard
Control for information on lead regulations, outreach efforts, and
lead hazard control and research grant programs.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control
451 Seventh Street, SW, P-3206
Washington, DC 20410
This document is in the public domain. It may be reproduced by an individual or
organization without permission. Information provided in this booklet is based
upon current scientific and technical understanding of the issues presented and
is reflective of the jurisdictional boundaries established by the statutes governing
the co-authoring agencies. Following the advice given will not necessarily pro-
vide complete protection in all situations or against all health hazards that can
be caused by lead exposure.
U.S. EPA Washington DC 20460 EPA747-K-99-001
U.S. CPSC Washington DC 20207 June 2003
U.S. HUD Washington DC 20410