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					  William
Shakespeare
Life and Times

What we know about Shakespeare
 comes from church documents and
 legal records.
  – Some documents that we have are
    baptismal registration, marriage
    license, and records of real estate
    transactions.
Family

Shakespeare was the 3rd of eight
 children
Shakespeare was born April 23, 1564.
Shakespeare was born in Stratford
Shakespeare’s dad was a shoemaker
 and sometimes served as a justice of
 the peace
Shakespeare died April 23, 1616.
Shakespeare’s Life

Shakespeare was an actor
By 1594, he was a charter member of the
 theatrical company called Lord
 Chamberlains Men, which later become
 The Kings Men.
The Kings Men were supported by King
 James
Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet was among the
 early plays of Shakespeare
This play was written between
 1594 and 1596
By 1612 Shakespeare had written
 thirty-seven (37) plays.
Other Plays

Julius Caesar
Hamlet
Othello
King Lear
Macbeth
Midsummers Night’s Dream
Henry V
Death

 Shakespeare died April 23, 1616 (52 years later
  on his birthday)
 He is buried under the old stone floor of Holy
  Trinity Church in Stratford.
 The following is carved on his tombstone.
   “Good friend, for Jesus sake forbear
    To dig the dust enclosed here.
    Blessed be the man that spares these stones
    And cursed be he that moves my bones”
Shakespeares Theater

James Burbage built the first permanent
 theater in England.
Acting companies played where they could
 find a spot.
Usually this would be in the courtyards of
 inns
Shakespeare built the GLOBE Theater
Theater continued

In his play Henry V Shakespeare calls his
 theater the Wooden O
Groundlings – people who stood around
 the stage for the price of a penny
Acting

Acting was not considered a
 respectable profession by the English
 Puritans
All women’s parts were played by
 boys
Women did not enter the theater until
 much later.
Juliet would have been played by a
 boy.
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