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                                                                                                                West Virginia
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                                                                                                     Science and Engineering Profile
                                   Characteristic                               State                U.S.              Rank                            Characteristic                              State                U.S.              Rank
                                             1
 Doctoral scientists, 1997 ...........................................
                                                                    1,977                            483,162             45                                                             $427             $199,110
                                                                                                                                    Total R&D performance, 1997 (millions).............................................                           40
 Doctoral engineers, 19971........................................ 351                                97,075             41                                                                    $233
                                                                                                                                    Industry R&D, 1997 (millions)............................................. $150,329                           40
                                                         1
     S&E doctorates awarded, 1998 ...........................................
                                                                           101                        27,272             40                                                                             $64
                                                                                                                                    Academic R&D, 1997 (millions)............................................. $23,740                            47
                                                                            3
      of which, in life sciences............................................. 6%                          25%                                                                                             45%                   56%
                                                                                                                                     of which, in life sciences............................................................................
      in engineering...................................................... 25%                            22%                                                                                             22%
                                                                                                                                     in engineering............................................................................ 16%
      in psychology......................................................   17%                           13%                                                                                             12%                    6%
                                                                                                                                     in environmental sciences............................................................................
                                                 1
     S&E postdoctorates, 1997                                                                                                       Higher education current-fund
                                                                                   18
                 in doctorate-granting institutions.............................................      37,928             49                                                                    $891
                                                                                                                                      expenditures, 1996 (millions)............................................. $189,626                         41
                                                     1
     S&E graduate students, 1997                                                                                                                                                              16
                                                                                                                                    Number of SBIR awards, 1990-98.............................................35,413                             51
                                                                              2,705
                 in doctorate-granting institutions............................................. 424,650                 38                                                                 189                80,287
                                                                                                                                    Patents issued to State residents, 1998.............................................                          41

                                                                       1,811
     Population, 1998 (000s).............................................                            274,153             36                                                                                $38
                                                                                                                                    Gross State product, 1997 (billions).............................................      $8,152                 40
                                                                          800
     Civilian labor force, 1998 (000s).............................................                  139,125             39          of which, agriculture............................................. 1%                      2%
                                                                                                                                                                                                             30%
                                                                                                                                     manufacturing, mining, construction............................................. 23%
                                                             $19,362
     Personal income per capita, 1998.............................................                   $26,412             50                                                                                  12%
                                                                                                                                     transportation, communication, utilities.............................................      8%
                                                                                                                                     wholesale and retail trade............................................. 14%               16%
     Federal spending                                                                                                                                                                                        11%
                                                                                                                                     finance, insurance, real estate.............................................              19%
                                                             $10,697              $1,453,884
      Total expenditures, 1998 (millions).............................................                                   37                                                                                  17%
                                                                                                                                     services............................................................................      20%
                                                                  $193
      R&D obligations, 1997 (millions)............................................. $68,424                              37                                                                                  14%
                                                                                                                                     government............................................................................    12%
 NOTE:                      Rankings and totals are based on data for the 50 States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Reliability of the estimates of industry R&D and of doctoral
                           scientists and engineers varies by State, because the sample allocation was based on sector, not geography. The rankings do not take into account the
                           margin of error of estimates from sample surveys.
 1
         Data on graduate students, doctoral scientists and engineers, and postdoctorates include all graduate degree (except M.D.) candidates and recipients in S&E fields,
         including health fields. Data on doctorates awarded do not include health fields.


                                            Federal Obligations for Research and Development by Agency and Performer: Fiscal Year 1997
                                       Agency                                                                                                            Performer
                                                                                                   Federal             All                                              Universities &            Other             State & local State rank,
                                                                                Total              Intramural         FFRDCs             Industrial firms                  colleges              nonprofits         government            total
                                                                                                                                                [In thousands of dollars]
 Total, all agencies………………………………….                                             193,061                  86,663          30,813                           39,734                   23,560            10,942                 1,349                  37

                 Department of Agriculture…………………………….    20,111 15,345                                                      0                                0                     3,491             1,240                     35                27
                 Department of Commerce………………………………        1,496  1,021                                                      0                                0                         0               475                      0                35
                 Department of Defense………………………………….      15,575    302                                                      0                            7,875                     3,829             3,569                      0                41
                 Department of Energy………………………………….       69,300 41,668                                                      0                           22,762                     3,606             1,264                      0                15
                                                          31,646 21,795
                 Department of Health & Human Services………………………………….                                                         0                            1,050                     7,880                 0                    921                38
                 Department of Interior……………………………………….    6,747  6,532                                                      0                                8                       112                 0                     95                22
                                                           1,491
                 Department of Transportation………………………………………          0                                                      0                              941                       252                 0                    298                33
                 Environmental Protection Agency……………………………….  0      0                                                      0                                0                         0                 0                      0                 na
                                                          11,334
                 National Aeronautics & Space Admin…………………………………….. 0                                                        0                            7,020                     4,130               184                      0                29
                 National Science Foundation………………………35,361           0                                                 30,813                               78                       260             4,210                      0                21

                                      37
 State rank, total……………...……………………………………..                                                                   24               14                               34                       47                 26                  33                 na
 NOTE:                         Federal R&D obligations are as reported by funding agencies. Ranks and totals are based on data for the 50 States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
 KEY:     FFRDC = federally funded research and development center; SBIR = small business innovation research; na = not applicable
 SOURCES: Prepared by the National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Data compiled from numerous sources -- see the section, "Data
          Sources for Science and Engineering (S&E) State Profiles".




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