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					                                                   SOUTH CAROLINA
                                                              Science and Engineering Profile

                                                   SC             U.S.       Rank                                                             SC              U.S.        Rank

Doctoral scientists, 1995                          4,143         453,928        29     Total R&D performance, 1995 (millions)                  $996         $177,210         31
Doctoral engineers, 1995                             772          86,738        31     Industry R&D, 1995 (millions)                           $739         $130,332         30

S&E doctorates awarded, 1996                          242         27,230        32     Academic R&D, 1995 (millions)                           $220          $21,606         29
 of which, in life sciences                           30%             25 %              of which, in life sciences                               51 %             55 %
  in engineering                                      21 %            23 %               in engineering                                          22 %             16 %
                                                      19 %            15 %               in environmental sciences                                7%               6%
  in social sciences

S&E postdoctorates, 1995                              246                       30     Higher education current-fund
                                                                  35,379
 in doctorate-granting institutions                                                     expenditures, 1995 (millions)                         $2,151        $182,602         27

S&E graduate students, 1995                                                            Number of SBIR awards, 1990-1996                          24              26,399      45
                                                   4,173         436,328        32
 in doctorate-granting institutions                                                    Patents issued to state residents, 1996                  469              61,099      27

Population, 1996 (000s)                            3,699         269,067        27     Gross state product, 1994 (billions)                    $79.9        $6,876.0         27
Civilian labor force, 1996 (000s)                  1,848         135,528        26                               of which, agriculture             1%              2%
                                                                                                manufacturing, mining, construction              32 %             23 %
Personal income per capita, 1996                 $19,755         $24,231        42                                                                 8%              9%
                                                                                             transportation, communication, utilities
Federal spending                                                                                           wholesale and retail trade            16 %             16%
 Total expenditures, 1996 (millions)             $18,402       $1,368,858       27                    finance, insurance, real estate            13 %             19 %
 R&D obligations, 1995 (millions)                   $178          $67,080       37                                     services                  15 %             20 %
                                                                                                                        government               16 %             13 %

Rankings and totals are based on data for the 50 states, D.C., and Puerto Rico.
Data on S&E postdoctorates and S&E graduate students include health fields.




                                      Federal Obligations for Research and Development in South Carolina
                                                   by Agency and Performer: Fiscal Year 1995
                                                                         [Thousands of Dollars]

                                                                  Federal              All        Industrial     Universities &      Other             State & local      State
                                                 Total          intramural           FFRDCs         firms                                              government
                                                                                                                   colleges        nonprofits                             rank

 Total, all agencies                              177,962            34,441            29,858          41,168           65,741            2,732               4,022        37

Department of Agriculture                           15,236            8,766                 0               0            6,470                0                   0        34
Department of Commerce                              40,099           12,424                 0          23,731            3,441              350                 153        8
Department of Defense                               34,987           10,527                23          16,040            6,960            1,437                   0        34
Department of Energy                                38,134                0            29,835              55            8,192               52                   0        20
Dept. of Health & Human Services                    33,776               50                 0           1,016           29,450              655               2,605        38

Department of the Interior                            2,784             2,674                 0             10               100                0                 0        40
Department of Transportation                          1,431                 0                 0              0               373                0             1,058        38
Environmental Protection Agency                         465                 0                 0              0               465                0                 0        45
Nat'l Aeronautics & Space Admin.                      2,420                 0                 0            123             1,885              206               206        39
National Science Foundation                           8,630                 0                 0            193             8,405               32                 0        39

               State rank                        37                37                  13             33              31                 39                 17

Federal R&D obligations are as reported by funding agencies.
FFRDC = federally funded research and development center
SBIR = small business innovation research
na = not applicable




 Prepared by the National Science Foundation/Division of Science Resources Studies. Data compiled from numerous sources.