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					               Will they be hoaxes?
• Nunca habrá un avión más grande     • There will never be a bigger plane
• Máquinas más pesadas que el         • Heavier-than-air machines won´t
  aire no podrán volar                  be able to fly
• Nunca se podrá obtener la           • Nuclear energy will never be
  energía nuclear                       obtainable
• Los rayos X serán un fracaso        • X-rays will prove to be a hoax
• La radio no tiene futuro            • Radio has no future
• Su sonido de guitarras ya no está   • Their guitar sound on the way out
  de moda                             • They won ´t pass if they study the
• No aprobarán estudiando un día        day before the exam
  antes del examen
•   Earring
•   Glasses
•   Life expectancy
•   pets
•   People
•   Diseases
•   Crops
•   Wireless tecnology
•   wristwactches
•   Household equipment
•   …
    Predictions- How will we be living
                 in 2020?                                                        •   Rates
•   1.E __________           •   Which will read our pulse r ____
•   2. G _________           •   Which will show videos                          •   Thanks /advances
•   3. L _____ E _______     •   Of 120 years t _____ to a ______ in medicine    •   Glow/ dark/
                                                                                     carrying
•   4. P _____               •   Which will g _____ in the d _____ by c ____
                                                                                     out/genes
                                 o ____ operations on them and putting g
                                 _____into them                                  •   Still/ longer/
                                                                                     retire
•   5. P________             •   Will s _____ have to work, but they´ll have
                                 to work l ____ and r ______ later.              •   Won´t /treating/
                                                                                     longer/Wipe out
                             •   Doctors w _____ be T ______ diseases any l
•   6. D __________              _____. We´ll be able to w _____ o ____ a
                                 disease by eating a banana.                     •   Growing/vaccines
•   7.C ___________          •   Or we´ll be g _____ crops with vitamins and         /prevent
                                 v _____ to p ___ health problems                •   Developed/
•   8. W ______ T ________   •   Will have d _______. Anything l ___ e ___ to        large/enough
                                 carry a microchip will have one
•   9. W _________           •   I ______ of wristwatches we´ll wear g ____      •   Instead/gadgets
                                 which will combine the functions of …
•   10. H ______ E _______   •   Will have i _______ . T ____ _____ be           •   Improved/there´ll
                                 fridges read the use – by date on milk c ____       /cartons/order
                                 and o ____ new milk
•   11. C ______             •   We won ´t have got r ____ of cars we´ll have    •   Rid/keyless
                                 k ______ electric cars
           2. What word or words are they
           connected with?. Fill in the gaps.
•   1. pulse _______                  •   Rates
•   2. life ________                  •   Expectancy
•   3. Cats that ________             •   Glow in the dark
•   4. retire _________               •   Late
•   5. advances ______                •   In medicine
•   6. treat ________                 •   Diseases
•   7. any _________                  •   Longer/ more
•   8. wipe out ________              •   Diseases
•   9. grow _______                   •   Crops
•   10. prevent ______                •   Health problems
•   11. carry out ________            •   Operations
•   12. wireless _______              •   Tecnology
•   13. we´ll be very ________        •   Kjaejk
•   14. household _________           •   Equipment
•   15. we´ll get rid of __________   •   Cars
•   16. keyless _________             •   Electric cars
•   17. time _________                •   Will tell
                  Vocabulary about the text
P _____ R _____ =                      We will have to W ___ L        V ________ = a kind of medicine    A milk C ______ = cartón de leche
Ritmo cardíaco                         ______ = trabajar más          that prevents people from having
                                       tiempo                         diseases
L ________ E _______ = time people are R ______ = jubilarse            This is what vaccines do =        O _______ = pedir, encargar
expected to live                                                      P _____ H _____ problems

T ______ to A _____ in M _____= gracias T _______ D ______ = this is W _______ T __________ =            G _____ R ____ O ___ = librarse de
a avances en medicine                   what doctors do              tecnología inalámbrica

C _____ O ___ O _________ = doctors       W ___ O __ = synonym with   D ______ = desarrollar             Only T ______________________=
do them on people                         eliminate                                                      El tiempo lo dirá

G ______ in The D _____ = lucir en la     G ______ C ______ =         H ________ E _______=
oscuridad                                                             electrodomésticos




     Pulse rates                    Work longer                  vaccines                  A milk carton
                                                                Prevent health
  Life expectancy                        retire                   problems                       order
 Thanks to advances in                                            Wireless
      medicine
                                    Treat diseases               technology                    Get rid of
  Carry out operations                  Wipe out                 develop                  Time will tell
                                                                 Household
   Glow in the dark                     Grow crops               equipment
    Tomorrow at … I´ll be doing/I´ll have done …- future
             perfect and future continuous
                               •   I will   be getting into class
•   At 9 a.m.
                               •   I´ll   have just started listening to the prayer
•   At 11 a.m.
•   At 13:00 p.m.
                               •   At 11, I´ll be …
                                   At 11, I´ll have …
•   At 5 p.m.                  •


•   At 7 p.m.
•   At 9 p.m.
•   At 12:00 a.m.
               4. Translate onto English
•   1. En el 2020 las cosas no habrán             •   In 2020, things won ´t have changed
    cambiado mucho, la gente tendrá que               much. People will have to work longer and
    trabajar más tiempo y jubilarse más tarde.        retire later
•   2. Gracias a avances en medicina, los         •   Thanks to advances in medicine, doctors
    médicos ya no tratarán enfermedades,              won ´t be treating diseases any more, we
    seremos capaces de eliminarlas comiendo           will be able to wipe them out by eating a
    un plátano, o teniendo cultivos con               banana or growing crops with vitamins
    vitaminas y vacunas.                              and vaccines
•   3. También podremos cambiar el color de       •   We´ll also be able to change the colour of
    nuestras mascotas poniendo genes en               our pets by putting genes into mice or
    ratones o conejos y hacerlos brillar.             rabbits and make them glow
•   4. La tecnología inalámbricas desarrollará    •   Wireless technology will have developed
    por completo. Cualquier artilugio que             completely. Any gadget small enough to
    pueda contener un microchip la tendrá.            carry a microchip will have it.
    Cambiarán también los relojes de pulsera,     •   Wristwatches and electrical appliances
    los electrodomésticos y nos libraremos de         will have changed and we´ll have got rid of
    los coches que serán sin llave y eléctricos       cars which will be keyless electric cars.
                Unit 4(2) - Unless …
• You make easier exams              • We won ´t be able to pass
• Irene speaks English               • The teacher won ´t pass him
• Paula takes exams more seriously   • She won ´t pass English
• Rodrigo passes the first exam      • He won ´t pass the second
• Tomás stops cheating in exams      • The teacher will catch him some
• Miguel and Ignacio stop speaking     day
  in class                           • The teacher wiil put them on
• …                                    detention
                      3. Fill in the gaps.
•   - G ________ W ________ is no l ______a t        •   Global warming
    ______ , it´s a reality.                         •   Longer
•   - Human activity produces G _________ g          •   Threat
    ______ or CO, that is c _______ d _____          •   Greenhouse gases
•   - we produce CO2 when we turn on the             •   Carbon dioxide
    TV,drive the car or take a f______
                                                     •   Flight
•   -An e ______ c ______ gives us a piece of
    advice                                           •   Environmental campaigner
•   - we won't reduce global warming u ____ we       •   Unless
    take action now.                                 •   Major cause
•   - air travel is a m _____ c ______ of carbon     •   Offset
    emissions.                                       •   Balance
•   - One solution is to o ______ it or b _____ it   •   Return
•   - to offset a r _____ ticket from London to      •   Plant
    Toronto you will have to p _____ trees.          •   Compulsory
•   - or we'll have to pay a c ______ carbon         •   tax
•   t _____
           Unless …
•   Reduce     •   Global          • Souces of
               •   Greenhouse        pollution
•   Decrease
               •   Carbon          • Campaigners
•   Become                         • Gases
               •   Environmental
•   Offset     •   Air             • Emisions
•   Balance    •   Major           • Dioxide
•   Pay        •   Carbon          • Travel
•   Stop       •   A compulsory    • Warming
                   carbon          • Tax
    Write the theory of
     the Conditionals                                                        •
                                                                             •
                                                                                 Zero type
                                                                                 If+present, present
                                                                             •   If you study this theory, you can pass
                                                                                 English
•   1) ________________               If + ________, _________________       •   1st Type
•   ex. _____________________________________________                        •   If+present, will+infinitive
•   2.) _______________              If + _________________________          •   If you study this theory, you will pass
                                                                                 English
•   ex. ____________________________________________________
                                                                             •   As soon as, until, before, after, in case
•   When, _______, ______, ________, ______ + present, will ...              •   As long as, providing/ed
•   Unless, ________, _________ + present, will (not) ...                    •   2nd Type
•   3) ________________               If + ________, _________________       •   If+past simple, would+infinitive
•   ex. _____________________________________________                        •   If I studied, I would pass English
•     a) I wish I _______ / If only I ____ / If it weren ´t for ______       •   I wish I + past simple
•     ex. _________________________________________________                  •   If only I + past simple
                                                                             •   If it weren ´t for (me) + would (not)
•     b) If I were you, I __________ ex. ______________________
                                                                             •   If I were you, I would (not)
•   4) ________________                If + ________, _________________
                                                                             •   3rd Type
•   ex. _____________________________________________
                                                                             •   If +past perfect, would have +past
•     a) I wish I _______ / If only I ____ / If it hadn ´t been for ______       participle
•     ex. _________________________________________________                  •   If I had studied, I would have passed
                                                                             •   (I wish I /If only I) + past perfect
                                                                             •   if it hadn ´t been for (him) + would
                                                                                 have + past participle
        COMPOUND SENTENCES                  IF PART
         MADE OF TWO PARTS
                                           MAIN PART


                   ZERO             If + present       present


                                If + present      will / going to/
                   IST TYPE                 imperative
TYPES
                   2ND TYPE   If + past simple     would + infinitive

                              If + past perfect        would have +
                   3RD TYPE               past participle
    Put the verb into the correct form
          in the 1st conditional.
•   1. If he ___________( not/take) more exercise, he     •   Doesn ´t take
    ______________ (not/feel) better.                     •   Won ´t feel
•   2. I´m sure Sue      _________(understand) if         •   Will understand
    I______________ (explain) the situation to her        •   Explain
•   3. If I ____________ (work) harder, I          ____   •   Work
    (get) better marks.
                                                          •   Will get
•   4. She _____________ (have) to pay more if she
    ____(hire) the Ford Sierra.                           •   Will have
•   5. If Sue       __________(tidy) her room, her        •   Hires
    mother _____________ (let) her go to the disco.       •   Tidies
•   6. _________ you ______(go) to the party if you       •   Will let
    _____(have) enough time?                              •   Will you go
•   7. They _____________ ( be ) disappointed if Sara     •   Have
    __________(not/turn) up.                              •   Will be
•   8. What           _________(you/do) if you            •   Doesn ´t turn
    ________________ ( be) bitten by a snake?             •   Will you do
                                                          •   Are bitten
    Complete the sentences using the
       1st , 2nd or 3rd conditional.
•   1.What ________________ (you/do) if you miss your plane
    to go home?
•     2. _________ (you/work) harder if you were better paid?
                                                                    •   Would you do
•     3.If _______________________________                          •   Would you work
    (he/not/arrive),they wouldn’t have known what to do.            •   Hadn ´t arrived
•     4.If I had more money, ___________(you/ marry) me?            •   Would you marry
•     5.You ´d have a lot more friends if _______________           •   Weren ´t
    (you/not/be) so mean
                                                                    •   Teaches
•     6.If Sam ___________________________(teach) Maths
    next year Mark will teach Physics.                              •   Hadn ´t gossiped
•     7.If she _______________________________(not/gossip)          •   Could
    about her friends she would have been more popular.             •   Won ´t mind
•     8.Would you change your job if ___________ (you/can) ?
                                                                    •   Wouldnt you stop
•     9.They ___________ (not/mind) if we borrow their bikes.
•     10.If I could stop racial discrimination,____(not/you/stop)
    it?
            Use the three conditionals
•   1.If he _______ (talk) about himself , people __________ (think) he   •   Talks/will think
    is boring (1st )                                                      •   Would you have/
•   2. _____________ (you/have) the same friends if you _________             were
    (be) famous?. (2nd )                                                  •   Could / would play
•   3. If I __________ (can) be a professional footballer, I _________    •   Would he have
    (play) for Real Madrid. (2nd )                                            studied/ had gone
•   4. __________ (Mark/study) English, if he __________ (go) to          •   Leave/will steal
    University?. (3rd )                                                   •   Did
•   5.If you _______ (leave) your bike, someone _____ (steal) it (1st )   •   Will answer/rings
•   6. I wish the English teacher __________ (do) shorter exams. (2nd )   •   Had eaten/would
•   7. I _______ (answer ) your phone, if it ________ (ring). (1st )          have been
•   8. If she ________ (eat) more sweets, she _______ (be) sick. (3rd )   •   Would you survive/
•   9. ____________ (you/survive), if you ___________ (be) lost in the        were
    wilderness?. (2nd )                                                   •   Had rehearsed
•   10. If the band __________ (rehearse) more, they ___________              /would have played
    (play) better. (3rd )
Complete the sentences using the three types of                 •   1. will you do
     conditionals.                                              •   2. realised
1.What ______ (you/do) if you miss your plane?                  •   3. hadn ´t arrived
2.He´d be more friendly if he_____ (realise) who we were        •   4. would you
                                                                    take
3.If ______ (I/not/arrive),they wouldn’t have known what to
                                                                •   5. wouldn ´t have
     do.                                                            felt
4.If I lent you this book,___________(you/take) care of it?     •   6. teaches
5.You ___________ (not/feel) ill if you hadn’t eaten so much.   •   7. didn ´t gossip
6.If Sam ____(teach) Maths next year Mark will teach Physics.   •   8. would you
7.If she _____(not/gossip) about her friends she would be           have said
     more popular.                                              •   9. wouldn´t mind
                                                                •   Wouldn ´t you do
8.If you’d been arrested, what __________ (you/say)?
                                                                    it?
9.They __________ (not/mind) if we borrowed their bikes.
10.If I were asked to work overtime_______ (not/you/do) it?
I wish / if only / If it weren ´t for…




•   1. I wish I didn ´t smoke/ If only I didn ´t smoke / If it wasn ´t for Domingo I wouldn ´t smoke
•   2.
•   3.I wish I could handle money/ If only I could handle money/ If it wasn ´t for my lack of will I could
    handle money
•   4.I wish /If only I spoke a foreign language / If it wasn´t for my lack of will, i would speak a foreign
    language
•   5.
•   6.
•   7. I wish / If only I took life seriously / If it wasn ´t for easy-going personality, I would take it seriously
I wish / if only / If it weren ´t for…




 •   1.
 •   2.I wish/ If only I hadn ´t bought so many clothes / If it hadn ´t been for the sales, I wouldn ´t have bought
     so many clothes
 •   3.
 •   4.
 •   5. I wish / If only I hadn ´t wasted so much time at school / If it hadn ´t been for some of my mates, I
     wouldn ´t have wasted so much time at school
 •   6. I wish / If only I hadn ´t spent all my savings / If it hadn ´t been for gambling mania, I wouldn ´t have
     spent all my savings
 •   7.
•   Where would you be now?
•   World highest
•   Scenery
•   How would you get there?
•   ´d
•   Overland
•   Still
•   Safer
•   Overland
•   Where would you stay?
•   Hostel
•   Guesthouse
•   Hand-carved
•   Endless
•   Guy
•   What would you do?
•   Leave
•   Mad mixture
•   Trekking
•   Who would you take with
    you?
•   WHOLE
      Translate into
         English
•   1. Si pudieras escoger, ¿dónde irías?. Pues a          •   1. If you could choose, where would you go?. To
    Nepal. ¿Por qué?. Porque tiene las montañas                Nepal. Why?. Because it´s got the world´s
    más altas del mundo y los paisajes más bonitos.            highest mountains and the most beautiful
•   2. ¿Y cómo irías allí?. Si tuviera suficiente tiempo       scenery.
    iría por tierra como lo hicieron los Hipis en los      •   2. How would you get there?. If I had enough
    60. Pero lo mejor sería viajar a la India y luego          time, I ´d go overlandlike the hippies in the 60s.
    por carretera.                                             But it´s safer to travel to India and drive there
•   3. ¿Dónde te hospedarías?. En un albergue              •   3. Where would you stay?. At an international
    internacional, donde estuve el año pasado. Es              hostel where I was last year. It´s a traditional
    un hostal típico nepalí, con mucha madera                  Nepali guest house, lots of hand-carved wood,
    tallada a mano, mucho té y sin tele. El tipo que           endless tea and no TV. The guy who runs it is
    cuida el jardín siempre tiene tiempo para tomar            always ready for tea and a chat. If only people
    un té y charlar. Ojalá la gente fuera a sí en              were like that in London
    Londres.                                               •   4.What would you do?. If I Had time I wouldn ´t
•   4. ¿Y qué harías?. Si estuviera por poco tiempo,           leave Katmandu. It´s a mixture of East and West
    no dejaría Katmandú. Es una mezcla de oriente y            and if I had enough time, I would go trekking.
    occidente y si tuviera más tiempo iría a hacer             Nepal has a good walking country
    rutas. Nepal tiene muy buen campo para pasear.         •   5. Who would you take with you?. I wish I could
•   5. ¿A quién llevarías contigo?. Ojalá pudiera              take all my friends. Well, the whole point of
    llevarme a todos mis amigos. Bueno no, Lo                  travelling is meeting new people.
    importante de viajar es conocer otra gente.
      4. Make sentences using the
    second or the third conditional.
•   1. I didn ´t wait another minute. I didn ´t see you, but if ...
•   2. You left the door open. The cat got out. But if ...
•   3. I don ´t speak French fluently. I won´t get the job. But if ...
•   4. He fell. He wasn´t wearing mountain boots. But if ...
•   5. I don ´t know the answer. I can ´t tell you. But if ...
•   6. He´s so obstinate. I argue with him all the time. But if ...
•   7. I can´t drive. I depend on public transport. But if ...
•   8. She didn ´t shout. People didn´t realized she was there. But if ...

•   If I had waited for you more time, I would have seen you
•   If you hadn ´t left the door open, the cat wouldn´t have got out
•   If you spoke better French, you could / would get the job
•   If he had been wearing his boots, he wouldn ´t have fallen
•   If I knew the answer, I would have told you
•   If he wasn ´t so obstinate, I wouldn ´t argue with him all the time
•   If I could drive, I wouldn ´t depend on public transport
•   If she had shouted, people would have realized she was there
    5. Finish the sentences by using
            The Conditional.
•   1.If she'd known he was going to be at the party   •   She wouldn ´t have gone
    ...
•   2.I wouldn't have found out he was ill unless...   •   I had told me
•   3.If the sea hadn't been so cold ...               •   I would have gone for a swim
•   4.We'd have picked you up at the airport if ...    •   If you had told us
•   5.I would have taken some photos providing ...     •   I had taken the camera
•   6.I didn't plan the race appropiately enough. I    •   I had planned it well
    wish..
•   7.I can't afford that car. I wish                  •   I could afford it
•   8.If I had had more time in London...              •   I´d have visited you
•   9.I wouldn't have worn jeans if                    •   I had known we were going to that party
•   10.I'll go to the party as long as ...             •   You go with me
    Gang led by
Attempted to blow           Flattened
          up                   Walls
  Were Catholics               Roofs
     Persecuted             Collapsed
       Cellars               ceilings
       Barrels            What´s more
    Gunpowder          Nobles, bishops and
Plot was discovered             MPs
Caught red-handed         Conspirators
     Set light to             Failure
     succeeded        Bonfires nad fireworks
   Hadn ´t caught                Poll
    Would have                 listed
     happened
L _____=             G_____ =            Fawkes action was      Derrumbarse =         C______ =
                                         a F _______
liderada por         pólvora                                    C ____                conspirador
Fawkes tried to B    Fawkes was C____    He wished he had       3 groups of people    B _____ = a fire
_____U __ the        R ___ H __ =        G ____                 that would have       for celebration
houses of            pillado con las     A _____ W ___ it =     died in the
Parliament           manos en la masa    haberse salido con     explosion N ____
                                         la suya                 K ____ and M __
P________=           He was caught       If his plans had       B____ = it´s like a   F ______ = fires
                     before he S ___ L   succeeded he had F     priest but more       that glow in the
perseguidos          ___ to the          ____ most of           important             sky cracked for
                     explosive           London                                       celebration
C____ = you          P____ = evil        3 important parts in    He was put in the    An opinion P
store food here in                       a house                list, so he was L     ____ = to get
                     plan                W ___ R ___ C          ____                  information
your house
                                         _____



      Led                Gunpowder             Failure              Collapse
                                                                                        Conspirators
    Blow up                Caught            Got away              Nobles/kings
                                                                                          Bonfires
   Persecuted            red-handed             With                   MPs
                                                                                         Fireworks
     cellars              Set light to        Flattened              Bishops
                                                                                            poll
                             plot            Walls/roofs              listed
                                               ceilings
•   GF and his gang tried to blow up the houses of
•   The plot was discovered before he set light to the gunpowder
•   If nthe gunpowder had exploded, It would have destroyed most of London
•   If the plot hadn ´t failed, he would have killed the King, bishops, nobles and MPs
•   If he had succeeded, he wouldn ´t be consedered a hero and they wouldn ´t
    have/crack fireworks
•   In spite of being a failure, in a poll F. was among the 100 most famous Britons
•   If I were a boy                                  •   It’s a little too late for you to come back
•   Even just for a day                              •   Say its just a mistake
•   I’d roll outta bed in the morning                •   Think I’d forgive you like that
•   And throw on what I wanted then go               •   If you thought I would wait for you
•   Drink beer with the guys                         •   You thought wrong
•   And chase after girls
•   I’d kick it with who I wanted                    •   But you’re just a boy
•   And I’d never get confronted for it.             •   You don’t understand
•   Cause they’d stick up for me.                    •   Yeah you don’t understand
                                                     •   How it feels to love a girl someday
•   If I were a boy                                  •   You wish you were a better man
•   I think I could understand                       •   You don’t listen to her
•   How it feels to love a girl                      •   You don’t care how it hurts
•   I swear I’d be a better man. I’d listen to her   •   Until you lose the one you wanted
•   Cause I know how it hurts                        •   Cause you’ve taken her for granted
•   When you lose the one you wanted                 •   And everything you have got destroyed
•   Cause he’s taken you for granted                 •   But you’re just a boy
•   And everything you had got destroyed

•   If I were a boy
•   I would turn off my phone
•   Tell everyone it’s broken
•   So they’d think that I was sleepin’ alone
•   I’d put myself first
•   And make the rules as I go
•   Cause I know that she’d be faithful
•   Waitin’ for me to come home (to come
    home)

				
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