Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

Introduction to Science (PowerPoint)

VIEWS: 158 PAGES: 31

  • pg 1
									INTRODUCTION

TO

SCIENCE
                     GROUPS:




NAMES                 ROLL NO
1.RAVI BORANA           214
2.UTSAV SHAH                2012
3.NISHIT BUDDHADEV      216
4.DHARMIN SHAH           295
5.NIKUNJ AGRAWAL        203
6.Stuti khanna             251
         INTRODUCTION OF SCIENCE
Science as a knowledge that leads to rational conclusion
Knowledge-is power –becomes scientific-finds relationships and meaning
and facts
Is telephone book a science?
Science –systematic body –developed
-reasoning-observation-experimentation-ideas and facts
Primitive man –different kinds of knowledge-use-implements and tools
Eg.
cooking on fire
Hunting animals and gathering fruits
Seeds of plants for food

These were the knowledge used for and in the development of society.
      NATURE OF SCIENCE
Scientific knowledge is tentative
nature of facts/theories/hypothesis
Scientific methods
Observations and interferences
Human error
Objective
Universal basic ideas
SCIENCE AND RELIGION

 Religion mainly rely more on faith while science
  on testing and observations.
 Religion includes beliefs about the world
  particular values and attitudes associated with
  them and ways of responding and living which
  reflects those beliefs and values.
 Albert Einstein who hardly believed in religion
  stated “Science without religion is lame,
  religion without science is blind.”
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
RELIGION AND SCIENCE
 The relationship between religion and science takes
  many forms as the two fields are both broad.
 A common modern view by Stephen Jay Gould as
  “non-overlapping magisteria (NOMA)” is that
  science and religion which deals with fundamental
  separate aspects.
 This idea was in the 19th century by John William
  Draper and Andrew Dickson White.
 Conflict,Independence,Dialogue,Integration,
  Consonance, Assimilation are the interactions that
  might arise between science and religion
ATTITUDE OF SCIENTISTS
TOWARDS RELIGION
 According to 1996 survey, belief in a god that is
  “intellectual and affective communication with
  mankind along with immortality” are most
  famous among mathematicians.
 60% scientists expressed disbelief or doubt in
  god compared to 58% in 1914 and 67% in 1933
 The Galileo affair, the scopes trial and many
  other guises of creationism.
SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON RELIGION

 Scientific studies have been done on religiosity
  as a social or psychological phenomenon which
  include studies on correlation between religiosity
  and intelligence
 Studies have been undertaken whether there is
  any casual or correlative link between spiritual
  supplication and improvement of health.
 A review of 498 students concluded that a large
  minority of these students showed positive
  correlation between religious commitment and
  higher level of perceived well-being.
SCIENCE AND RELIGION-
CONFLICTS AND AGREEMENTS
 At times science poses moral problems for
  religious people because science demands hard
  evidence to support the belief
 Religious views are to be held as eternal truth
  and not to be disputed and this is where science
  contradicts the religious views.
 There have been hundreds of disputes since the
  end of the 16th century probably the most keen
  argued currently is how the universe is formed
WHY DO CONFLICTS EXISTS ???

 Disputes arise because science and religion are two
    different disciplines
   Science is ultimately based on observations while
    religion is based on faith
   Scientists do not believe in more than one goddess
    while religious people believe every religion have
    different gods.
   Thus on these reasons conflicts does exists between
    science and religion.
   Utsav Shah 2012
   Dharmin Shah 295
  SCIENCE & ASTROLOGY
What is an Astrology?
  Astrology is a practice of foretelling
  the future or about the person’s
  personality with the help of
  examination of “Heavenly bodies”-
  stars , planets ,the moon , comets
  etc.
     Is Astrology a science?
 •It is said that astrology is an Ancient Science
•But now it is not treated as an science
• Because it is not supported by sound & verified research & not based upon any collection
of data
Does it work?

 No evidence that it does
 Lots of evidence that it doesn’t
Astrology — conclusion

 No predictive power
 No scientific basis
 Broad psychological appeal
   Cheap, easy, and entertaining
   May help some people (as do many forms of
    empathetic counseling)
   Useless or damaging in other cases
       Science and Technology
 Science is a system of acquiring knowledge based on
  the scientific method, as well as the organized body of
  knowledge gained through such research. Science as defined
  here is sometimes termed pure science to differentiate it from
  applied science, which is the application of scientific research
  to specific human needs.
 Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species'
  usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a
  species' ability to control and adapt to its environment. In
  human society, it is a consequence of science and
  engineering, although several technological advances predate
  the two concepts.
 Neither is sufficient on its own; some problems require more
  of one approach, some more of the other.
 science is a religion of modern age, man has
  worshiped science, not just because it has provided
  with new ideas but luxuries and comfort.
 Science and Technology are deeply related to each
  other.
 Technology was the greatest invention of Science.
 There is no science without technology and
  there is no technology without science.
      History of Technology

 Technology was invented in ancient period.
 The WHEEL was invented in 4000 B.C and it
  has remained the most used technology of all
  time.
 Use of Technology in Ancient
        Civilizations
 The Egyptians invented and used many simple
  machines, such as the RAMP to aid construction
  processes.




 The Chinese were responsible for numerous
 technologies such as Paper , natural gas as a fuel,
 Gun powder , parachute etc.
        Use of technology in
          Medieval Period
 European technology in the Middle Ages is best
  described as a symbiosis of tradition and innovation.
 In 1690, Denis Papin, a French physicist, built a
  working model of a steam engine after observing
  steam escaping from his pressure cooker in about
  1679.
 In 1804 the first successful steam locomotive was
  born.




 18th Century marked the beginning of the industrial
  revolution by the use of steam driven machinery.
 Finally in 1903 airplane was invented by Wright
  brothers Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright.




Orville Wright                         Wilbur Wright
     Science and Technology at
             Present
 Science and Technology has totally transformed life
  from what was from the beginning of the century
  when no mobile phones, cars, aero planes, radio
  and television were available to today where no life
  is possible without technology.
 This change has been possible due to growth in
  science and technology and other related skills.
        Technology in Future
 Technology in near future will go beyond
  imagination.
 With such rapid advancement in technology no one
  can think what technology will bring to us in future.
STANDARD OF LIVING



   By the advancements in technology the standard of living
   has improved tremendously.
   Everything we use in our lives is because of the
   advancements in the field of science.
   Right now presentation which I am giving is with the help
   of a computer, another big invention in the field of
   technology.
Farming Techniques




 A significant improvement has taken place in the field of
  Farming.
 Green Revolution, by Dr. Norman Bourlaug is the biggest
  example of advancements in the field of farming.
Traditional
                Modern farming tool
farming tools
  Medical Science




 The first sugery took place in Egypt around
  2750 B.C.
Ayurveda




 Atharveda, sacred text in Hinduism dating from
  the early Iron age is the first Indian text dealing
  with medicine.
Industrial Revolution


 It was the period from the 17th century to 19th century,
  where major changes took place in the field of
  agriculture, manufacturing, mining and transport.
 Labour based manufacturing units turned into
  machine based factories.
 Invention of steam based ships and railways engines.
 Invention of aeroplane by the Wright Brothers, are the
  few big examples of the inventions which happened in
  the Industrial revolution.
           BIBLOGRAPHY:
             INFORMATION FROM
oWWW.GOOGLE.COM
oWWW.WIKIDPEDIA.COM
oTEXT BOOK
THANK YOU

								
To top