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AP CALCULUS PROBLEM SET #5 CURVE ANALYSIS II (92BC-4) 2 x x 2 for x 1 1. Let f be a function defined by f ( x) x kx p for x 1 2 (a) For what values of k and p will f be continuous and differentiable at x = 1 ? (b) For the values of k and p found in part (a), on what interval or intervals is f increasing? (c) Using the values of k and p found in part (a), find all points of inflection of the graph of f. Support your conclusion. (89-5) 2. The figure above shows the graph of f ', the derivative of a function f. The domain of f is the set of all real numbers x such that 10 x 10 . (a) For what values of x does the graph of f have a horizontal tangent? (b) For what values of x in the interval (10, 10) does f have a relative maximum? Justify your answer. (c) For what values of x is the graph of f concave downward? (99-4) 3. Suppose that the function f has a continuous second derivative for all x, and that f (0) = 2, f ' (0) = 3, 2 x and f "(0) = 0. Let g be a function whose derivative is given by g '(x) = e (3 f (x) + 2f ' (x)) for all x. (a) Write an equation of the line tangent to the graph of f at the point where x = 0. (b) Is there sufficient information to determine whether or not the graph of f has a point of inflection when x = 0 ? Explain your answer. (c) Given that g (0) = 4, write an equation of the line tangent to the graph of g at the point where x = 0. 2 x (d) Show that g"(x) = e (6 f (x) f ' (x) + 2 f " (x)). Does g have a local maximum at x = 0 ? Justify your answer. (2002-6) 4. x f (x) f '(x) Let f be a function that is differentiable for all real numbers. The table above gives the values of f and its derivative f ‘ for selected points x in the closed interval 1.5 x 1.5 . The second derivative of f has the property that f " (x) > 0 for 1.5 x 1.5 . 1.5 (a) Evaluate (3 f ( x) 4)dx . Show the work that leads to your answer. 0 (b) Write an equation of the line tangent to the graph of f at the point where x = 1. Use this line to approximate the value of f (1.2). Is this approximation greater than or less than the actual value of f (1.2) ? Give a reason for your answer. (c) Find a positive real number r having the property that there must exist a value c with 0 < c < 0.5 and f "(c) = r. Give a reason for your answer. 2 x 2 x 7 for x 0 (d) Let g be the function given by g(x) = 2 2 x x 7 for x 0 The graph of g passes through each of the points (x, f (x)) given in the table above. Is it possible that f and g are the same function? Give a reason for your answer. (2000-3) 5. The figure above shows the graph of f ' , the derivative of the function f , for 7 x 7 . The graph of f ' has horizontal tangent lines at x = 3, x = 2, and x = 5, and a vertical tangent line at x = 3. (a) Find all values of x, for 7 < x < 7, at which f attains a relative minimum. Justify your answer. (b) Find all values of x, for 7 < x < 7, at which f attains a relative maximum. Justify your answer. (c) Find all values of x, for 7 < x < 7, at which f "(x) < 0. (d) At what value of x, for 7 x 7 , does f attain its absolute maximum? Justify your answer. (2001-4) 6. Let h be a function defined for all x 0 such that h(4) = 3 and the derivative h is given by x2 2 h '( x) for all x 0 . x (a) Find all values of x for which the graph of h has a horizontal tangent, and determine whether h has a local maximum, a local minimum, or neither at each of these values. Justify your answers. (b) On what intervals, if any, is the graph of h concave up? Justify your answer. (c) Write an equation for the line tangent to the graph of h at x = 4. (d) Does the line tangent to the graph of h at x = 4 lie above or below the graph of h for x > 4 ? Why? ?