Bakery PPT - Slide 1 by liwenting


									   Commercial Life Outside
        the Forum:
      Bakeries in Pompeii

Bakery Oven

Parts of the Grindstone

                 Catillus- hourglass shaped
                 moving part

                Wooden arms- fitted into
                a setting by pegs

                 Meta- fixed conical part

          Grindstones were made from Vesuvian
          lava rock as it was hard and porous so
          that fragments did not break off during
How the Grindstone Worked

               Grain poured into the top.

              Catillus moved round on the
              meta using the wooden arms
              pulled by a donkey or a slave.

               Flour was poured out and
               collected in a tray (lamina)
               at the bottom.
A Bakery Oven
            Baking Process
1. Cereal ground into flour.
2. Flour sieved and residue used for low quality
   bread for slaves.
3. Bread dough prepared by hand or in mixing
4. Dough divided into round loaves with a
   double cross- 8 segments.
5. Loaves baked in the oven.
6. Water used to make a shiny crust halfway
   through baking.
7. Loaves were cooled.
         Selling the Bread
• About 30 bakeries in Pompeii at time of
• Only 20 of them had shops to sell the
  bread from.
• The rest would have supplied the bread
  wholesale with delivery men taking the
  bread to shops, stalls and inns in the

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