Commercial Life Outside the Forum: Bakeries in Pompeii Bakery Oven Grindstone Parts of the Grindstone Catillus- hourglass shaped moving part Wooden arms- fitted into a setting by pegs Meta- fixed conical part Grindstones were made from Vesuvian lava rock as it was hard and porous so that fragments did not break off during grinding. How the Grindstone Worked Grain poured into the top. Catillus moved round on the meta using the wooden arms pulled by a donkey or a slave. Flour was poured out and collected in a tray (lamina) at the bottom. A Bakery Oven Baking Process 1. Cereal ground into flour. 2. Flour sieved and residue used for low quality bread for slaves. 3. Bread dough prepared by hand or in mixing machines. 4. Dough divided into round loaves with a double cross- 8 segments. 5. Loaves baked in the oven. 6. Water used to make a shiny crust halfway through baking. 7. Loaves were cooled. Selling the Bread • About 30 bakeries in Pompeii at time of eruption. • Only 20 of them had shops to sell the bread from. • The rest would have supplied the bread wholesale with delivery men taking the bread to shops, stalls and inns in the town.
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