Dr. Emad El-Deen Shaker Paper: “The Role of the Blind in Building the Information Society in the Arab World” Has been blind since childhood. PhD in translation and the English Language from Sorbonne University in Paris, France. Chairman of the African Union of the Blind, from 1993 to 2000. Secretary of the Arab Organization of Disabled People, since 1998. Member at the Executive Bureau of the Francophone Union of the Blind since 2001. Chairman of the National Union of the Blind of Tunisia since 1991. Participated in many activities related to the blind and the disabled in general. Hani Darwish Ali Qasem Paper: “The Role of Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research in Supporting People with Special Needs” B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering, George Washington University, Washington DC, USA, in May 1980. M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering (Communications), George Washington University, Washington DC, USA, in June 1984. Manager of the Department of Advanced Systems at Kuwait Institute For Scientific Research (KISR), from 1994 to date. Participated in the accomplishment of numerous projects for people with special needs, such as. - “Computer Assisted Communications for Physically Handicapped People - Phase II” (2003-2004). - “Metal Sheet Based Braille Printing Facilities” (2003 – 2004). - “Unified Sign Language Dictionary for Deaf People in Kuwait and the Arab Countries” (2002 – 2003). - “Braille Computer System for the Blind Students at Kuwait University”. - “Computer Based Educational Applications for Makaton Program” (2001-2002)”. Dr. Samira Abdul-Latif Al-Saad Paper: “How can Technological Application Contribute to the Understanding Autism?” M.Sc. in Special Education (Autism) from Leslie University, USA. PhD in the preparation and implementation of the Programs of People with Special Needs, University of Leicester, UK. Has established Kuwait Center for Autism in 1994, and has been its manager since then. Has established the Gulf Association of Autism in 2002. Has established the magazine entitled “A Silent Scream”, the first specialized magazine in the field of autism and people with special needs in the Arab world. She is also the Editor-in-Chief of the magazine. Gave many lectures, training courses, and symposia in the field of autism, and people with special needs in Kuwait and the Arabian Gulf. Participated in numerous local and Arab conferences. Member in numerous local, Arab, and international institutions. A mother of a daughter who suffers from autism. Dr. Mousa Sharaf El-Deen General Medicine Diploma from the University of People’s Friendship, Moscow, the Soviet Union, in 1973. MSc. in Education (Communication). Member at the Medical Committee at the National Authority of the Disabled in Lebanon. Has organized training courses in the field of special education. Has written numerous books and conducted studies in the field of disability, such as “Mental Disability and its Institutions in Lebanon”, “Families of the Mentally Disabled”, “Disability Legislations at the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”, “Tests Prepared by the World Health Organizations to Trace Mental Disability”. Participated in numerous conferences in the Arab countries, Europe, India, and the Far East. Has won numerous awards for his efforts in the field of disability. Randa Aasi Barri Has a degree in Social Sciences. Founder and Chairperson of the Lebanese Society of People with Disabilities in 1983. Member of the National Authority of the Rights of People with Disabilities since 1992. Founder and Chairperson of the Lebanese Union of People with Disabilities in 1998. Contributed to the establishment of Nabeeh Barry’s Complex for the Rehabilitation of People with Disabilities in Lebanon. Interested in accomplishing charitable, cultural, and educational projects at various levels. Abdul-Karim Al-Rabeesh Paper: “The Use of Computers with Abnormal Individuals”. B.Sc. in Accounting from the Islamic University of Imam Mohammed Bin Saud, at the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Diploma in computers from the Islamic University of Imam Mohammed Bin Saud, at KSA. Diploma in Special Education (The Blind). Worked as an “Educational Supervisor” at the Vision Disability of the General Secretariat of Special Education, Ministry of Education, KSA. Member of the Consultative Group of the Vision Disability. Manager of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques’ Printing Presses for printing the Holy Quran using the Braille method. Participated in numerous conferences in the field of disabilities, such as. - The workshop entitled “Modern Techniques in the Field of Visual Disabilities” that was held in Damascus, Syria in 1999. - The International Conference of Assisting People with Special Needs, which was held in Austria in 2002. - The Gulf Forum for Visual Disabilities – Reality and Aspirations, that was held in KSA in 2004. Khaled Tawfeeq Al-Mahtar Paper: “The Role of Governments, Private Sector, and the Civil Society’s Institutions in Enhancing the Capabilities of People with Special Needs” B.SC. in Business Administration. Member of the Coordination Services Authority for People with Disabilities in Lebanon. Member of the Congregation of Private Volunteering Institution in Lebanon. Chairman of the National Development and Rehabilitation Center. Secretary of the National Union of the Families and Institutions of the Mentally People with Disabilities in Lebanon. Deputy Chairman of the of the International Rehabilitation Organization in the Arab Region. Organized numerous conferences, seminars, and workshops in various fields, especially in the fields of disability, rehabilitation, and volunteering activities . Participated in the organization of a number of UN preparatory meetings, at the Social Development Summit in Copenhagen, Denmark, and at the Habitat II in Istanbul, Turkey. Dr. Abdul-Malek S. A. Al-Salman Paper: “Communication Services and Information Technology: Do Arab People with Disabilities Benefit from them?” B.Sc. in Computer Science from King Saud University, KSA. M.Sc. in Computer Science from Georgia University, USA. PhD in Computer Science from Oklahoma State, USA. Chairman of the Scientific Research Team of the project entitled “The Implementation and Designing of Interactive Computer Environment in the Service of Visually Disabled Persons”, at KSA. Chairman of the Scientific Committee of the First National Information Technology Conference. Member of the Research Team for translating the Arabic text into the sign language at King Saud University, KSA. Chairman of the Research Team of Visual Identification of Arabic Braille Method and transferring it to a text, at King Abdul-Aziz Science and Technology City, KSA. Participated in numerous specialized conferences and symposia, such as. - Second International Conference of Disability and Rehabilitation, that was held in Riyadh, KSA in October 2000. - The conference entitled “Computers for the Assistance of People with Special Needs”, that was held in Austria in July 2002. - First National Symposium of Information Technology, which was held at King Saud in Riyadh, KSA. Ismail Al-Zain Paper: “The Experience of Imam Al-Hadi Institution”. Diploma in Islamic Studies. Director of Al-Hadi Institution for Audio, Visual, and Language and Communication Disorders. Member of the National Authority for the Affairs of People with Disabilities in Lebanon since 2003. Chairman of the Education Committee of the National Conference for People with Special Needs from 1999 to 2001. Submitted a study for establishing the bases for the sign dictionary in Egypt in 1999. Participated in the organization of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for People with Disabilities, with the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) in 2004. Obtained a three-month training course in Britain on the education of people with special needs. Anwar H. J. Al-Nassar Paper: “The Effect of Teaching Visually Disabled People the School Curricula of Public Education”. B.Sc. in History from King Saud University, KSA in 1984. M.Sc. in Special Education from Oregon State University in 1987. Diploma in Public Education from King Saud University, KSA in 1994. Director of Visual Disability Department of the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Education at KSA. Deputy Chairman of the Consultative Authority for Visual Disability Department of the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Education at KSA. Lecturer at the Special Education of King Saud University since 1999 to date. Organized annual courses for teachers of “Al-Nour Institute” about the school curriculum, and means of education of visually disabled people. Participated in numerous conferences, such as. - Gulf Workshop for Scout Teams Supervisors in the field of Integrating People with Special Needs in Scout Teams, which was held in Jedda, KSA in 2004. - Gulf Forum entitled “Visual Disability – Reality and Aspirations, which was held at the Kingdom of Bahrain in 2004. - The conference on the Development and Unification of Arabic Braille Method, which was held at KSA in 2002. Sabeeka S. Al-Jasser Paper: “The Role of Private Sector in Assistance of People with Special Needs” B.A. in History and Education from Kuwait University. Diploma in Special Education from Kuwait University. Member of the Board of Directors of the Kuwaiti Society for the Disabled from 1984 to date. Member of the Board of Directors of the Fund of People with Special Needs from 1996 to 2004. Member of the Consultative Committee of Kuwait Autism Center since its foundation in 1995 to date. Director of Kuwait and the Arabian Gulf Makaton Center since its foundation in 1984 to date. Founder and Director of Al-Khorafi Center for the Activities of People with Disabilities in 2005. Oudah Hazeem Paper: Alternative Techniques and the International Computer Driving License (ICDL). B.Sc. in Computer Science from Tennessee University, USA, in 1982. M.Sc. in Administrative Sciences from Colorado University, USA in 1995. Founder of a company involved in developing modern techniques that enable Arab people with visual challenges to use computers. Participated in developing the Arabic “Hall” Program that helps people with visual challenges to use computers. Founder and Executive Director of one of the companies specialized in providing means that help people with visual challenges to use computers. Michael Fox Paper: “Access to Information, Rights and Inclusion” President of RI (a global network implementing the rights and inclusion of people with disabilities). An experienced architect, planner, and access consultant with involvement in access and equity since 1972. Member of the Corporate Board, Sydney, Australia National Member Organization. Member of the Standard Australia Access and Mobility Committees since 1975. University Lecturer in Access, Equity, and Design. Chairman of the Northern Region Access Forum (NRAF) from 1992 to 2001.