Joint degrees colloquium 14 March 2006 Some references and resources 1 UK legislation Section 214 Education Reform Act 1988 www.dfes.gov.uk/recognisedukdegrees/ukl.shtml 2 QAA Section 2 of the Code of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education (Code of practice) Section 2: Collaborative provision and flexible and distributed learning (including e-learning) This section of the Code of practice is divided into two parts. Part A is concerned with the responsibilities of a UK higher education institution in respect of collaborative arrangements that lead to its academic awards. Part B is concerned with particular aspects specific to the academic management of the delivery, support and assessment of flexible and distributed learning programmes, whether or not these involve a collaborative partner. www.qaa.ac.uk/academicinfrastructure/codeOfPractice/section2/ Supplement to the Handbook for institutional audit England: collaborative provision audit The Supplement includes details on how the process works and guidelines for producing self-evaluation documents. www.qaa.ac.uk/reviews/institutionalAudit/collaborative/ Report of the first joint degree conference: Joint degrees: quality assurance in international contexts This is the report of the first conference on joint degrees, jointly organised by QAA, UUK and the Europe Unit. www.qaa.ac.uk/international/jointdegrees/jointdegreesreport.asp Overseas partnership audit reports www.qaa.ac.uk/reviews/reports/byoseascountry.asp 3 Council of the Validating Universities (CVU) CVU handbook for Practitioners: the quality management of Collaborative Provision A handbook written by practioners with the aim of complementing section 2 of the Code of practice by providing advice, information and guidance for establishing robust procedures in relation to collaborative provision. www.cvu.ac.uk/guidance/handbook.html 4 European University Association (EUA) The EUA has published a report on Joint Masters in Europe. The report is the outcome of a survey conducted in 2002-04, and highlights many issues around joint degrees practices, including reflections on the quality assurance of these types of programmes and the 10 golden rules for establishing joint programmes. The EUA has also recently launched a register of joint programmes where institutions can list their joint degree programmes. www.eua.be/eua/en/projects_joint.jspx 5 European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) projects ENQA is currently leading a pilot project (Transnational European Evaluation Project II) on the quality assurance of three Erasmus Mundus joint masters programmes. The project evaluates the QA process and procedures of the three programmes and aspires to identify means and common elements for quality education in joint masters. ENQA completed a pilot project in 2003 (Transnational European Evaluation Project I) that explored the operational implications of a European transnational quality evaluation of study programmes in three subject areas (History, Physics and Veterinary Science). Also in 2004 ENQA published the report of the Quality Convergence Study Project to study the possibilities of convergence of national quality assurance systems. www.enqa.net/projectitem.lasso?id=34837&cont=projDetail www.enqa.net/projectarchive.lasso 6 International Association of Universities (IAU) Sharing Quality Higher Education Across Borders: A Statement on Behalf of Higher Education Institutions Worldwide The IAU has produced this statement which was adopted in 2005. This document is based on the belief that market forces alone are inadequate to ensure that cross-border education contributes to the public good. It lays the groundwork for fair and transparent policy frameworks for managing higher education across borders that are underpinned by a set of guiding principles and a process of dialogue among stakeholders. The IAU has members in more than 120 countries including four from the UK. www.unesco.org/iau/p_statements/index.html 7 Joint Degree Framework Programmes: some examples BRiDGE BRiDGE is the DfES supported programme, managed by the British Council, for dual degrees between UK and Russian universities. www.britishcouncil.org/learning-bridge-project.htm www.bridgeproject.ru/ Erasmus Mundus Erasmus Mundus is the European Union (EU) funded project aimed at supporting the establishment of European joint master's degrees. The programme is addressed to consortia of EU higher education institutions (there is the requirement of participation from at least three institutions from three different EU member states). The Erasmus Mundus programme provides financial support directly to the consortia as well as through student and staff scholarships. http://europa.eu.int/comm/education/programmes/mundus/index_en.html 8 Intergovernmental initiatives including the Bologna Process a Bologna Process Since the 2001 Prague ministerial meeting, the notion of joint degrees has been supported and ministers have committed themselves in cooperation for the establishment and recognition of joint degrees. Explicit mention of joint degrees can be found in the Prague 2001, Berlin 2003 and Bergen 2005 Communiqués. As part of the Bologna process, national governments produce an update report in time before each ministerial meetings. The 2005 national reports include a section (section 11) covering aspects of joint degrees, including their legal status in the national context where information on the national situation vis a vis joint degrees is available. The Bologna process Communiqués can be found at www.bologna-bergen2005.no/EN/MAIN_DOC/MAIN1.HTM Country by country reports www.bologna-bergen2005.no/EN/national_impl/05NAT_REP.HTM b Lisbon Convention on the recognition of academic qualifications (1997) Usually referred to as the Lisbon Convention, this is an intergovernmental agreement signed by governments of the European region. The Lisbon Convention provides principles for the recognition of qualifications among the signatory countries. c Recommendation on the Recognition of Joint Degrees and its Explanatory Memorandum (2004) The Committee established by the Lisbon Convention has also adopted a recommendation for the recognition of joint degrees. The Recommendation refers to quality assurance and institutional recognition and indicates that where a part of the study programme giving rise to a joint degree has not been the subject of quality assessment or is not considered as belonging to the education system of one or more parties to the Lisbon Recognition Convention, this may be a valid reason not to recognise the degree. d Code of Good Practice in the Provision of Trans-national Education (2001) The annexes to the convention also include a Code of practice in relation to transnational provision In relation to quality assurance it states the following: 'Academic quality and standards of transnational education programmes should be at least comparable to those of the awarding institution as well as to those of the receiving country. Awarding institutions as well as the providing institutions are accountable and fully responsible for quality assurance and control. Procedures and decisions concerning the quality of educational services provided by transnational arrangements should be based on specific criteria, which are transparent, systematic and open to scrutiny' e OECD/UNESCO guidelines on quality provision for cross border education (2005) This the latest document produced jointly by OECD and UNESCO. The Guidelines aim to support and encourage international cooperation and enhance the understanding of the importance of quality provision in cross-border higher education. The purposes of the Guidelines are to protect students and other stakeholders from low-quality provision and disreputable providers as well as to encourage the development of quality cross-border higher education that meets human, social, economic and cultural needs. The guidelines provide separate recommendations to six related groups of stakeholders in higher education, higher education institutions/providers, governments, quality assurance and accreditation agencies, students’ bodies, recognition bodies and professional bodies. Link to the above texts www.coe.int/T/DG4/HigherEducation/Recognition/LRC_en.asp and www.oecd.org/dataoecd/27/51/35779480.pdf Some useful websites European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, ENQA www.enqa.net International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education INQAAHE www.inqaahe.org Asia Pacific Quality Network, APQN www.apqn.org Council of Europe, CoE, www.coe.int/T/DG4/HigherEducation/default_en.asp Bologna Secretariat www.dfes.gov.uk/bologna Europe Unit www.europeunit.ac.uk Observatory on Borderless Higher Education OBHE www.obhe.ac.uk Kathleen Kwan’s article on good practice and contract negotiation www.obhe.ac.uk/products/reports/pdf/September2005.pdf Tuning Educational structures in Europe (EC funded pilot project) http://tuning.unideusto.org/tuningeu/ Note In the literature there is no single definition of what constitutes a joint degree and the references provided above do not necessarily use the term 'joint degree' in exactly the same way. From a generic point view the term joint degree may cover: single institutions awards’ for joint programmes dual/multiple awards joint awards.