Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder PowerPoint Presentation

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					Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:
                  No Longer Disorderly!

                          Shannon Graf
                                 EDCI 203
                Jimmy is a hyperactive
Meet “Jimmy!”   student who has “fallen
                through the cracks;” he is in
                the 11th grade and cannot
                multiply or divide—his
                ability to graduate is
                threatened because he
                cannot pass the math
                proficiency. He has managed
                to slide through classes with
                a minimum passing grade by
                writing in numbers and
                promptly acting out to
                become expelled from the
What is Attention Deficit
Hyperactivity Disorder???

   ADHD is characterized by symptoms of:

       Inattention

       Impulsivity

       Hyperactivity
 ADHD Symptoms must have:

    Occurred before age 7
    Exist in two or more settings
    Persist for at least six months
    Be abnormal for the child’s age

ADHD is diagnosed through assessment surveys
What is class work like if a student has ADHD?

                  Imagine the “surf” button on a TV
                  remote…one brief image is seen, then
                  another, and another, on and on,
                  endlessly! It is nearly impossible to
                  concentrate on any one channel because
                  you become distracted when the channel

                  That is class work for an ADHD student!
History of ADHD

                                William James, “effort
George             Russell       of the will”
 Still             Barkley
                                George Still, New
                                 class of “sick
                                Russell Barkley,
                                 Father of ADHD
   Exact causes are unknown

   ADHD brains work differently
   1.5-3.5 million school-age children are affected
    by ADHD
   For every 5 boys, only 2 girls have ADHD
   More than a million of these children are on
   60% of those afflicted have symptoms that last
    into adulthood
Treatment of ADHD: Medication
    Stimulants
         70-80% chance of alleviating symptoms
         Side effects: insomnia, loss of appetite, headaches, stomach
          aches, irritability, and negative mood.
               3% severe enough to discontinue medication
               Liver problems
               Kidney problems
    Antidepressants
         Prescribed when Stimulants do not work or there is a
          concurrent mood disorder
         Improves attention span, energy level, esteem, irritability
         Side effects: sleepiness, dry mouth, constipation
    Antihypertension medication
         Calming effect
         Takes one month to begin to work
Treatment of ADHD:
          Focus Training
   Proven to be the most lasting treatment
   Define Goals
       Strict organization
       Clearly defined
       Reasonably set
   Work Toward Goals
       Small pieces to work toward the whole
       Complete one step at a time
Working With ADHD Children
   Strategies for Accommodating include:
            Accept a higher level of activity
            Provide a sanctuary away from distraction
            Avoid “triggers” of hyperactive behavior
            Use kinesthetic/tactual means of teaching
            Avoid deadlines
            Mark the student’s CORRECT/acceptable work, NOT the
                Dwell on the positive

                Provide encouragement
   Tips for Handling Impulsive Behavior:
       Remove from situations, behavior will not
        “shape up”
       Establish rules by priority
       Establish Routine
       Handle inappropriate behavior promptly
       Use rewards for good behavior
       Focus on the successes
What happened to “Jimmy?”
               Fortunately, this story has a
               happy ending! Finally, an
               OWE teacher realized
               Jimmy’s dilemma. This
               teacher employed focus
               training techniques to allow
               Jimmy to have small victories
               in multiplication and division.
               Those small steps gave Jimmy
               the confidence to ultimately
               pass the math proficiency and
               graduate on time!