"ADD Attention Deficit Disorder"
A.D.D. (Attention Deficit Disorder) By Brittany Heintzen A.D.D. The disorder A.D.D. is a brain disorder. It is caused by a chemical imbalance in one’s brain. It interferes with one’s attention loss and the ability to focus. Each brain cell has an axon, the part of the cell that sends messages to other cells; and many dendrites, the part that receives messages from other cells. There is a space between axon and the next brain cell, which is called a neural gap. Since they don’t touch chemicals called neurotransmitters (transport) the message from the axon the dendrites. With ADD there is something wrong so that the neurotransmitters production, storage or flow, cause imbalances. There are either not enough neurotransmitters, the level is not regulated, moving rapidly from high to low. Until recently it was believed that children could outgrow A.D.D. in their teenage years. This is because not being able to focus and small attention span are known to occur in teenage years. If the disorder goes undiagnosed then there is a good chance that the person could have trouble at work, in relationships, and emotionally as well. Odd behavior such as exhibiting inattentiveness, and similar symptoms were first documented in medical science in 1902. Since then, the disorder has been called many names such as Minimal Brain Dysfunction, Hyperkinetic Reaction of Childhood, and Attention Deficit Disorder with or without the hyperactivity. Over the years it has finally been renamed the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Symptoms: * Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes *Has difficulty sustaining attention *Does not appear to listen *Struggles to follow through the instructions * Has difficulty with organization *Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort *Is easily distracted *Is forgetful in daily activities The way that someone could be diagnosed with A.D.D. is through clinical observations, Psychologists, and teachers in a class room. The only physical thing that A.D.D. affects is the brain. The mental part is a whole different story. The typical A.D.D. child has trouble with focusing, behavioral issues, completing a task, aggressiveness, and has constant mood swings. The age that the person gets the disorder is when the person is born. The disorder sometimes has something to do if the mother is under the influence of drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol. The disorder also can be in meiosis when the parent is carrying in the disorder in their genes. Current Research With Without Ritalin Ritalin • Scientists do not have a cure for A.D.D. at this point, but have developed ways to help people with A.D.D. as much as they can. • They have developed medicines to help A.D.D. such as Ritalin and etc. • RISK: Also research proves that Picture from if you mix the drug Ritalin with www.brainatlas.com others it could be fatal. How people are affected by it People are greatly affected by A.D.D. they have to deal with not understanding and are easily distracted by the littlest things. A.D.D. it is so easy to lose self esteem most teenagers with A.D.D. go in and out of depression. The costs of Ritalin I am unsure of, but the cost of the private tudors (if needed), medicine and therapy expenses is quite a lot of money. Charts of Kids Diagnosed With A.D.D. over the past 4 years 40% Ritalin Kids in he lping kids 35% with A.D.D. Californi Slice 2 30% a with 25% A.D. Slice 3 20% Ritalin having no e ffe ct 15% 10% 5% 0% 1999 2000 2001 2002 Conclusion I chose A.D.D. because so many people are diagnosed with it each year more and more. Also my uncle was diagnosed with it as an adult. The most interesting about my project is that I finally understand how people are affected by it and what actually causes A.D.D. I think the strengths in my report are the brief description on the disease. I think that my medication description could have been better. Bibliography • Www.chadd.org 1/12/02 • www.add.org 1/10/02 • www.googleimages.org 12/30/01 • Greenbaum,Judith Ph.D.Helping Adolescents with ADHD & Learning Disabilities, pgs. 125-142. January, 2002