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4 Jan 08 ASN RDA Clips

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									                4 Jan 08 ASN RDA Clips

1. Washington Post 4 Jan 08 - GAO Upholds Challenge To $1.2 Billion
Boeing Contract
2. Mississippi Press 4 Jan 08 - Global Hawk assembled at Moss Point
3. Defense Daily 4 Jan 08 - Navy SDD Effort Putting Data Links On
Harpoon, JSOW
4. Govexec.com 3 Jan 08 - Surging Oil Prices Send Military Costs
Skyrocketing
5. Mississippi Press 4 Jan 08 - Unmanned aircraft is another feather in
county's cap


Washington Post 4 Jan 08
GAO Upholds Challenge To $1.2 Billion Boeing Contract
By Dana Hedgpeth
The Government Accountability Office has upheld a competitor's protest of a $1.2 billion
contract awarded to Boeing to maintain a fleet of Air Force refueling tankers.
In September, Pemco Aeroplex of Birmingham, Ala., protested the Air Force's award of
the deal to Boeing, saying that the Air Force's evaluation was flawed in "various aspects,
including the evaluation of offerors' past performance, mission capability and cost/price."
The GAO last week sustained Pemco's protest over how cost and price were evaluated.
Its decision said the "record does not reflect any Air Force analysis as to the realism of
certain changes" in Boeing's final proposals "or the potential risk associated with those
changes." Officials in the procurement division of the Air Force said they expect to
respond to the GAO's findings soon.
The GAO did not rule on Pemco's allegations that a senior Air Force official in the office
that awarded the contract had a conflict of interest.
Pemco made the allegation after a story in The Washington Post detailed the relationship
between the official, Charles D. Riechers, and an Air Force contractor. That contractor
was a subsidiary of an organization that claims Boeing as a client, the Pemco protest said.
While waiting to be confirmed as the Air Force principal deputy assistant secretary for
acquisitions, Riechers did no work for the firm, Commonwealth Research Institute.
Instead, he worked for Sue C. Payton, assistant Air Force secretary for acquisition.
But the Air Force defended the arrangement as a way to keep Riechers involved while his
nomination was pending. The arrangement later drew scrutiny from Congress and the
Pentagon's inspector general.
On Oct. 14, days after Pemco's allegation, Riechers, 47, was found dead at his home, an
apparent suicide.
Boeing denied any connection with Riechers. The Pentagon's inspector general, a special
investigative office of the Air Force and local law enforcement agencies are looking into
Riechers's work and his death.
The GAO said it had been advised by the Air Force that "both local law enforcement and
federal government investigative authorities are conducting an ongoing investigation into
'the root cause' of Mr. Riechers' death."
The agency's statement said that "it is our understanding that this investigation will
encompass matters that may have a bearing on Pemco's allegations of bias." Because of
the ongoing investigations, the GAO "does not express any opinion regarding Pemco's
bias allegations."


Mississippi Press 4 Jan 08
Global Hawk assembled at Moss Point
Staff Report
MOSS POINT -- Northrop Grumman could play a key role in the development of
unmanned aircraft if it wins the U.S. Navy's Broad Area Maritime Surveillance contract.
Northrop is competing against Boeing and a Lockheed-Martin-led group to win the
seven-year deal to build unmanned aircraft. The $3 billion contract is expected to be
awarded in early February.
The fuselage of an unmanned surveillance aircraft, the Global Hawk, is currently built in
Moss Point.
Sensors on the Global Hawk can keep track of any ship or vessel at sea, said Northrop
Grumman spokesman Tom Twoney. If operators wanted to take a closer look at a ship
they can bring the unmanned aircraft closer for a better view.
If Northrop Grumman is awarded the Navy contract, the number of employees at the
company's Moss Point Unmanned Systems Center could double.
Site Manager Bryan Mahoney recently said there are 37 employees.
The Moss Point Unmanned Systems Center is a 101,000-square-foot facility completed in
April 2006 at a cost of $13 million. The facility released its first Global Hawk fuselage in
March 2007.
Once a fuselage is built, it is shipped to Northrop Grumman's Antelope Manufacturing
Center in Palmdale, Calif., where the wings, sensors and other components are assembled
for a complete aircraft.
Twoney said a Global Hawk costs about $27 million without sensors. If more Global
Hawks are ordered, he said the price of each aircraft could go down.
The Navy wants to put unmanned aircraft at five bases around the world, Northrop
officials have said. According to the presentation made to county leaders in December, at
least one aircraft at each base would always be in the air.
The five bases will allow the Navy to track most global shipping. Twoney said the Global
Hawk is suited to the project because it can remain in the air for periods of 36 hours or
more at a speed of 310 knots. He said the Global Hawk can fly at any altitude from 50
feet to 60,000 feet.
The company could see more international sales. Company spokesman James Stratford
said South Korea, Spain and Japan are waiting for the Navy to make a decision on the
surveillance program before ordering unmanned aircraft for their defense forces.
Workers at Northrop Grumman's Moss Point facility build the fuselage for the EuroHawk
in addition to work on the Global Hawk. The EuroHawk is the Global Hawk's European
equivalent.
Another development in the unmanned aircraft industry announced in December is
Northrop Grumman's plans to test its Fire Scout, an unmanned helicopter, at the Trent
Lott International Airport.
A $1 million access road will connect Northrop Grumman's facility in the Airport
Industrial Park to the runway in preparation for flight testing, instead of trucking the Fire
Scout to Maryland, where it's currently tested, according to Twoney.
George Freeland, executive director of the Jackson County Economic Development
Foundation, said the access road will be built with Community Development Block Grant
funds. Construction is expected to begin early this year.
At least 11 testing jobs will move here from Maryland when the access road is completed
and the site is approved for testing, Mahoney said.
Mahoney said the primary advantage of the Fire Scout and the Global Hawk is that both
are unmanned, so they can fly dangerous missions or in inclement weather without
risking the lives of pilots.
zBecause the aircraft are operated remotely, he said, the unmanned aircraft can be used to
provide "over the horizon" views for smaller ships or other forces using the systems.



Defense Daily 4 Jan 08
Navy SDD Effort Putting Data Links On Harpoon, JSOW
By Geoff Fein
The Navy has begun a Systems Design and Development (SDD) effort to incorporate a
data link into Boeing's [BA] Harpoon missile and Raytheon's [RTN] Joint Stand-Off
Weapon making the two systems the first true network enabled development efforts, a
Navy official said.
The goal is to develop a better target selectivity capability without having to spend
hundreds of millions of dollars on a development effort, Capt. Mat Winter, the Navy's
program manager for Precision Strike Weapons, told Defense Daily in a recent interview.

"What we have done, the Navy and Air Force together, is generated a new network
enabled (NEW) message set on the Link 16 architecture. So it is a NEW J message called
[a] J-11 message," Winter said.

Combat commanders told the Navy that Harpoon Block I is good, "but it is like a
bulldog," Winter said.
"When it opens up and it starts searching, the first contact it sees it is going to kill," he
said. "We need better target selectivity capability, at a blue collar cost."

Along with the traditional longitude, latitude, velocity and height attributes that are
carried in the message set, there is also a set of error attributes of the sensor that is
painting the target, Winter explained.

"So that you know if its error ellipsoid is north, south, east, west, that [information] can
be provided to the missile and the missile can then, because of what we are doing in the
missile's operational flight program (OFP), take that and it can fly its logic," Winter said.

The data will minimize the error sensitivities of whoever is painting the target, so that the
missile can fly toward the target of interest, he added.

"The idea here is to engage in a target ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance)
perspective, painting those targets, providing that information somehow to the missile so
that missile continually gets the latitude and longitude update," Winter said. "But more
importantly, [it] gets some heuristic information of the ISR sensor that's painting it,
because what happens is the error sensitivities of that radar or the platform that is
painting that information, in and of itself, reduces errors that the missile doesn't know
about."

The Navy is doing the same thing with JSOW, Winter noted.
"The idea here is that you need to be able to have ISR platforms--the Littoral Surveillance
Radar Surveillance (LSRS), Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System
(JSTARS), E-2s...to be able to not just paint, which they can do now, but generate J-11
messages, transmit J-11 messages, and receive J-11 messages," he said. "Right now they
don't have that in their OFPs. We need to be able to send that out on the net to F-18s that
have Harpoons and JSOWs on their wing that they are getting ready to launch and then
you have to have the missiles be able to receive that."

The effort that is bringing that all together is called the Joint Surface Warfare Joint
Capabilities Technology Demonstration (JSUW JCTD), Winter said.

"We are the technical manager for this. We are working on behalf of PACOM (Pacific
Command). PACOM has a MCO (major combat operations) scenario out there that might
have lots of ships running around in water where they want to kill one but not another
one," Winter said. "So they asked us to demonstrate the ability to increase the probability
of kill. That's all they asked, that's what they want to do. We came back and said should
we use dumb bombs, should we use special ops...hey, we got these things called
Harpoons and JSOWs in our inventory, why don't we see if we can do something with
that."

The JSUW JCTD right now is coordinating LSRS and JSTARS, F-18s, DDGs, JSOW
and Harpoon, he added.
"So the Block III Harpoon, programmatically, we are in the process...just kicking off and
going on contract with Boeing," Winter said. "Boeing is our industry partner for Harpoon
and we will modify the missile. We will not build a new missile. We have taken missiles
out of inventory and we are squirting in a new OFP so it can receive and generate J-11
messages.

"But that is the primary thing we are doing to the missile and then we are making sure the
F-18 can generate J-11 messages, and also the DDGs and CGs because Harpoon is a
surface and air launched capability for the Navy," he added.

The Navy will have that capability, ready to demonstrate as a military utility assessment
for the JCTD at the end of FY '10, Winter said. The Harpoon Block III will go to initial
operational capability (IOC) for the Navy in FY '11.

A similar effort is underway with the JSOW-C1. In fact, Winter pointed out that the data
link that is going to be used in the JSOW-C1 is similar to the one that will be used in the
Harpoon Block III. He said the Navy did that for a reason.

"We brought Raytheon and Boeing together, an incredible demonstration of industry
cooperation, and they competed and selected a single vendor to provide the weapon's data
link," Winter said. "[It's] an incredible cost avoidance to the taxpayer and for the life
cycle for both of these [weapons]...a very good business case for commonality for
capability."

Raytheon is developing JSOW-C1, and the weapon should go to IOC in FY '10, Winter
noted. "We are exceeding all expectations right now. JSOW-C1 is doing very well."

The modification will include adding the data link and updating JSOW's software, but the
lethality package stays the same as does the seeker, he added.

"So when we talk about testing it, we are not going to have to go through a complete
series of lethality testing because it's already done that," Winter said. "The real testing,
along with Harpoon Block III, is that interoperability and systems of systems validation."

The Navy will need to demonstrate that it is not putting something on the weapon that
can talk on the net, but there is nobody else out there to answer back.
"We are not only doing the development of the OFP and networking, we also got our
warfighters coming in and doing simulation to develop the CONOPS (concept of
operations) so it is not just program managers out here talking about putting things
together," Winter said.

The Navy hired Mitre to help with system engineering. Winter said the company has
already raised questions about passing targeting information from an LSRS straight to a
F-18's missile.

Winter added the Navy is having those discussion in FY '08 so that in FY '10 when
network weapons come out, the service has a rule book. So that the rules have not just
been thought up by guys wearing uniforms doing acquisition, but by the COCOMS, the
COCOM staffs, and the men and women fighting the war right now, he said.

While JSOW-C1 will be able to go after moving targets, Winter said the Navy will first
have to show the weapon's ability for pursuing maritime targets. That testing occurs at the
end of FY '09, beginning of FY '10, for a mid FY '10 IOC.

Winter added he envisions that as JSOW-C1 is deployed, if the Navy can demonstrate a
need for moving land target acquisition, they will probably put together the case to
conduct a couple of target tests out at Naval Air Warfare Center China Lake, Calif. "But
that is not in our scope right now."


Govexec.com 3 Jan 08
Surging Oil Prices Send Military Costs Skyrocketing
By Greg Grant
The surging price of oil, which recently passed the $100-a-barrel mark, has sent airline
stocks falling and American drivers searching for more fuel-efficient cars.

For the world's largest single consumer of petroleum, a U.S. military that is dependent on
oil to fuel nearly all of its weapons systems, the increase has meant a 30 percent jump in
the price of a gallon of gas in just three months. Currently, the military pays $3.04 per
gallon for its most commonly used fuel -- an aviation fuel known as JP8 -- up from $2.31
in October.

In the midst of the ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the military can do little to
curtail its operations to cut back on fuel consumption. Reducing training flights could
raise accident rates. More fuel-efficient vehicles are on the drawing board, but won't be
delivered to troops in the field for decades. So for now, the military services are oil-
dependent, stuck with skyrocketing prices, and passing those costs along to the taxpayers.

The U.S. military has been paying more than $100 a barrel for oil since late 2006, when
the price jumped to $106.26 per barrel, or $2.53 a gallon. In 2005, the standard fuel price
was $73.08 a barrel. As of Dec. 19, 2007, the price was $127.68 per barrel, or $3.04 per
gallon, according to the Defense Energy Support Center, part of the Defense Logistics
Agency. DESC buys fuel on the world markets and then sells it to the military services.
The process is designed to allow the military to negotiate better prices and get a greater
degree of price stability.

DESC sets a predetermined "standard price" for fuel delivered to the tank of a plane, ship
or vehicle. It's based on projections of the price of fuel 18 months in the future, and
factors in the costs of transporting, storing and managing fuel. DLA's contracts with fuel
producers are adjusted up or down according to fuel price fluctuation.

The military spent $11.6 billion on petroleum in 2007, up from $7.8 billion in 2005,
although the services purchased roughly the same amount of fuel -- 132 million barrels --
both years. The standard price in 2005 was $1.34 a gallon.

The Air Force is DESC's largest customer. Its planes burn 7.1 million gallons of fuel a
day. Half of every dollar DESC earns comes from the Air Force, versus 28 cents from the
Navy and just 12 cents from the Army.

A DESC fact book noted that the Air Force bought $6.1 billion worth of fuel in 2006.
Figures supplied by the Air Force indicate that every $10 rise in the price of a barrel of
oil increases the service's operating costs by $610 million a year.

According to a report produced last year by LMI Government Consulting, the military
uses nearly 60,000 barrels of oil a day to support combat operations in Iraq and
Afghanistan. Overall, though, combat operations have only slightly increased the amount
of oil the military buys. Prior to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the military bought 110
million barrels of oil annually from DESC.

The top three petroleum suppliers to the military in 2006 were BP, ExxonMobil and
Shell. Together, they sold the Defense Department $3.4 billion worth of oil, 27 percent of
the total fuel purchased. Coming in a close fourth was the Kuwait Petroleum Corp., with
7 percent of total contracts, valued at $909 million.


Mississippi Press 4 Jan 08
Unmanned aircraft is another feather in county's cap
Opinion
Rather than the location of cutting-edge technology, Jackson County is often thought of
as a place of shipbuilding and petro-chemical plants.
But, think again about the nature of what's produced in Jackson County. While it has
been noted before, a recent report reinforces the changing character of what's produced
here. Northrop Grumman's Unmanned Systems Center in Moss Point is putting Jackson
County on the map as much as the company's shipyard or Chevron's refinery.
The Global Hawk is at the forefront in a transformation of the nation's military assets,
and its fuselage is produced in Moss Point. The Global Hawk and other unmanned
aircraft are becoming the workhorses for aerial surveillance systems. Drones, such as the
Predator, are even used to attack targets.
An Associated Press story reported unmanned aircraft usage has risen to 500,000 hours in
the air, largely through use over Iraq. The AP reports the dramatic increase in drone use
is projected to continue over the next 25 years. The main advantage of the unmanned
aircraft is they can be flown in hazardous conditions without risking the life of a pilot.
The drones also offer the advantage of hours-long loitering times.
As former shipyard executive Jerry St. Pé recently observed, the production of unmanned
aircraft here may become as important as shipbuilding to Jackson County. In fact, the
drones are projected to become vital assets for ships at sea. So, there is a linkage to the
time-honored craft of shipbuilding.
The unmanned aircraft development continues at Trent Lott International Airport. A new
road is planned at the airport, which will allow flight-testing operations. The unmanned
helicopter, Fire Scout, is to be tested at the airport instead of in Maryland.
The cutting-edge aircraft industry is an industry that will only grow. As it does grow,
drone production will likely change work force skills needed here. That will mean the
need for continued improvements in the education system as industry demands new
skills. Nurturing this industry should be a top priority.
The county is fortunate to have an industry located here that is becoming an exciting and
dominant force.

								
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