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					  Infinitive
       Present
Aj. Anucha Somabud

        By
Pimpa Takumpunya
 Code.52181020225
 Eng.B.ed. Group. 2
                                                                1



                F    infinitive      F
  ก    ก    ก       (1033107)                 F
 ก      ก                     ก    F F   F
      ก ก     ก                   ก   F           F ก               F
    F     infinitive ก            ก F                       ก   F
ก     ก ก F F         F F
      F F     F         F infinitive F                                      F
Fก     ก            ก      F        ก                   F               F
 กก F    ก F           ก ก        F     F



                                             20
2553
                                           2



                                            F
                                           1
                                           2
          Infinitive                   3
  F    Infinitive                      3
           Infinitive                      4
  กก F Infinitive with to              4
       F   Infinitive with to      F     8
         F    Infinitive with to         10
  กก F Infinitive with to              10
             Infinitive without "to"     13
    F Infinitive without to              14
  กก F Infinitive without to             15
Index                                    20
Bibliography                             22
                                                               3
             Infinitive
    Infinitive           ก      F F   to (Infinitive with
"to") F to play, to study,to arrest                    F   F F to
(Infinitive without "to")                  ก   F
can,will,may,must etc. F can sing, will go, may
happen         ก ก Infinitive          F           F         (n.)
,           F (adj.) ,          F (adv.)

        F        Infinitive
          -            ก     F To obey the law is
everyone's duty. (              ก is)
          - ก       ก     F He tried to Save some
money. ( ก       ก tried)
          -          F F She collected the clothes
to be washed.(to be washed               F
clothes)
         -         F F I am happy to talk to him.
(to talk       F    adj. happy)
         - complement            verb to be F
Suda's ambition is to be a doctor.
(to be   complement         is)
                                                   4
Infinitive F ก 2
  1.. Infinitive with to
  2. Infinitive without to


  กก  F Infinitive with to
1.                  F
     Verb + to infinitive
 F He asked me to wash his car. (           F )

2.           F
 F She gets up early to see the sunrise.

3. ก F               F            F for + gerund
 F A knife is a tool for cutting with.
   FF            F       F 'to' infinitive
  F I want a knife to cut the bread with.

4.             F       ก       F F ก
to be + 'to'infinitive
Peter and Ann are to get married next
month. ( ก )
                                                   5
       5.          ก F to be about + 'to' infinitive
       They are about to start.

    6. Fก the first, the second...+ 'to' infinitive
    the last /
theonly......
      F I love parties : I 'm always the first to
come.           (=who come)

       7.   ก     กก     noun + 'to' infinitive
       She has homework to do. (that she must
do)

       8. Fก adj.                       F   F adjective
         กF    F careless, good , honest, kind, nice,
         selfish, silly , stupid, wise etc.
       adjective + of+ pronoun (noun) +'to' infini-
tive
        F It is nice of her to help me.

     9. F     adjective          F F amazed, dis
       appointed, surprised , sad F I was sur-
prised    to meet Gere here.
                                                6
   11. Fก enough adj./adv. + enough +
'to'infinitive
     F Ann is tall enough to reach the top shelf.
   enough + noun + 'to' infinitive
      F We have not enough time to see the
movie.

   12. Fก so.......as so + adj./adv. + as +
'to 'infinitive
      F Tom was so careless as (careless
enough) to leave his house unlocked..

   afford       agree     aim     attemt
   Arrange      decide    deserve fail
   Forget       hope      learn   manag
   offer          plan      promise    re-
   fuse
   threaten

  1. ก F  F    F ก ก            F      F Verb +
  to……….(infinitive)
                                            7
  2. ก F        F Verb + to    Verb + ob-
ject + to…


  ask      beg        ex-
  pect      help
  mean(=intend)        would        hate


  Example



                       verb + object +
     verb + to.....
                           to......

     We expected      We expected Tom
      to be late.        to be late.


    Would you like Would you like me
    to go now?       to go now?
                                                            8
  3. ก       F           F       F verb + object + to…...


    enable        force   get
    (=persuade, arrange for)
    invite     order    persuade
    remind     teach    tell   warn


  Example
  Can you remind me to phone Ann tomor-
row?
  Who taught you to drive?
  I didn't move the piano by myself. I got
some body to help me.


         F       Infinitive with to              F
   1. F          F
    F ก ”            “       ”
  To be a millionaire is my goal.
  (ก F                    )
                                                              9
   2. F                                   F   F ก Adjec-
tive
  I told him about the plan to surprise her.
  (       ก   ก ก      ก         F            )
  I have something to tell you.
   (          F      ก )
  3. F            Main verb (ก       F)           F     F ก

  I want to see him.
  ( F ก        )
  4. F    Adjective            F                      F ก Adverb
  I’m happy to meet you again.
   ( F ก        F ก    ก )

  5. F      who, what, where, when, why,
  how      whether
  I wonder why we don’t have money.
  (      F        F F )
   Please tell me where to go.
  ( F  ก    F      )
                                                               10
           F     Infinitive with to
     Simple Infinitive (to + V.1)
      F to go, to buy
     Perfect Infinitive (to + have + V.3)
      F to have seen, to have been
  Passive Infinitive (to + be + V.3)
    F to be written, to be taught
  Perfect Passive Infinitive (to + have + been +
V.3) F to have been slept, to have been
watched

       กก   F Infinitive with to
                                                               1.
      accept (          )                   hope (     )
                                                                ก
      allow (       )                       intend (       )
 F                                                             In-
      afford (                  )           learn (    )
      agree ( ก ,                   )       lead ( , ก )
      appear (     ก )                      manage ( ก )
      arrange (         ก )                 mean (         )

finitive with to            ก           F
                                                                                    11
ask (      )                              offer (     , F)
attempt (                     )           order ( )
care (         F ,            )           plan (          )
choose ( ก)                               persuade ( ก                    )
claim ( F )                               prepare (               )
cause (                Fก )               pretend (               F)
challenge ( F                     )       promise (               )
command ( ก )                             refuse (            )
decide (                  )               remind (            )
demand ( F ก )                            seem ( F            )
deserve (                F)               swear (             )
encourage ( F                         )   teach (      )
except ( ก F )                            tell ( ก)
hope (         )                          tend ( F    F ,                     F )
fail ( F       )                          threaten ( ก                )
force (            )                      urge (ก     F )
learn (        )                          vow (       ,           ก)
      F
get ( )                                   warn (      )
                                                      12

instruct (       )         want ( F ก )
invite (     )             wish (       )
happen ( ก       )         yearn (      )
hesitate (   )


    negative infinitive F   ก    not F   F to
        not to + V1 F
 Try not to be late.
 I decided not to become an electrician.


3. F ought      used F     F Infinitive with to
You ought to do your homework by yourself.
I used to play cricket 5 years ago.


4. F be to + V1          have to + V1       F ก   F
ก    ก           F   F
I am to go now (be + to + V1 = F )
You have to be in my office by ten thirty.
                                                 13
  Infinitive without "to" ก F 1 F to
       F ก ก F
  1. F         ก F (auxiliary verb)  ก can,
could, do, did, may, shall, should, will, would,
must, need, dare etc. F
  - You must come with us.
     (       F  ก ก )
  - Did you hear a noise?
     (     F          F)
  - He daren't leave her.
     (    Fก F      F     )

  2. F      ก        ก     F
                           ,ก  ก F
  - I heard him leave the house.
      (   F       ก ก F      )
  - She saw him take money.
      (              )
  * FF F        Passive Voice F "to"         F     F
  -He was heard to leave the house.
      ( F F    ก ก F     )
  - He was seen to take money.
      ( ก F            )
                                                  14
    3. F      "have"   ก             F "F ก "
F
    - I'll have the carpenter mend this door.
         F ก F F F F
    - I won't have him cheat me.
           F F ก F   ก

    4. ก                                  F       "
    It is + adjective + that " F         F infinitive
    with out "to" F
    - It is important that you go there.
                        F
    - It is necessary that they do their work.
                     ก F

    Infinitive without to     F
          Helping verb (Auxiliary verb) ก F be,
    have, ought, used
     F Don’t mention it.
    You must drive on the left side.
    They let the thief escape.        [Active]
    The thief was let escape.        [Passive]
                                                  15
 4. ก F             F inf. Without to
 present     participle [V.ing]
   See      watch       notice
 observe     hear Smell           feel
I heard your phone ring last night.
 [a complete action]
 I heard your phone ringing last night.
 [continuous action]

      กก   F Infinitive without to
  1. F    Modal Auxiliary Verbs F will, shall,
  would, should, can, could ,may, might, must
       F ก F 1 F
  She must love him very much. ( F ก        ก F )
I would buy it if I had money.(           F F     )

 2. F had better, would rather, would sooner,
 rather than, but, and, or, except
 You’d better go to the hospital. (                )
 I went to the school and talked to my teacher.
 (                  )

 3. F please, help, let, make, see, hear, feel,
 watch, notice
 I don’t feel confident when I speak English. (   F ก
  F                    ก )
                                              16
   The Infinitive without to after auxilia-
ries/ modals

 can     He can run very fast.

 could   As a boy he could run very fast.

 may     I may fly to Africa this summer.

 might   I might fly to Africa this summer.

 must    I must go now.

 mustn't You mustn't smoke here.

 needn't You needn't go.

 shall   We shall sing a song.

 should We should sing a song.

 will    She will cook a meal for his birthday.

         She would cook a meal for his birt-
 would
         day.
                                              17
 after to do
do             I don't know.



 after the following expressions:
               You had better clean up your
had better
               room.

             Susan would rather study for her
would rather
             exam tomorrow.

             I would sooner read a book than
would sooner
             watch this film.

               Why not ask your neighbour for
why not
               help?

why should
               Why should we go by car?
we

why should
               Why should we not go by car?
we not
                                           18
  after verbs of perception + object (action
  has finished):


feel     She feels the rain fall on her face.


hear     I heard Peter sing a song.


         Mandy noticed the boy climb the
notice
         tree.


see      They saw him climb up the roof.


watch    He watched the thieves steal a car.
                                             19
  after let + object:

         Sandy let her child go out alone.
let
         Mother let her daughter decide on
         her own.

let's    Let's go for a walk through the park.



  after make + object:

         She made Peggy and Samantha
make
         clean the room.
                                          20
                                 care-
                 Index        less(3)

      A

ambition (3)
amazed (5)                cutting (6)
afford (6)               carpenter (11)
agree (6)                confident(11)
aim (6)                  child (19)
attemt (6)
arrange (6)                 D
accept (10)              disappointed (5)
allow (10)               decided (6)
appear (10)              deserve(6)
auxiliary(13)            daughter(19)

     B                     E
bread (6)                enough(6)
beg (7)                  expect(7)
                         enable(8)
      C
clothes (3)                 F
Collected(3)             forget(6)
complement (3)           fail (6)
                         force(8)
                    pronoun(5)      21
  H                 plan(6)
happen(3)           promise (6)
honest(5)         persuade (8)
hope(6)
                       R
   I                refuse (8)
infinitive(3)       remind (8)
invite (8)          rather(15)
important(16)
                       S
   L                Study(3)
learn(7)            Sunrise(6)
                    Selfish(5)
  M                 Silly(5)
married(6)          Stupid(5)
manag (6)           Surprised(5)
millionaire (8)
                       T
  O                 Theonly(5)
Obey(3)             Threaten(6)
Offer(6)            teach (8)
                    tell (10)
   P
play(3)               W
parties(5)        Without(3)
                  would prefer(7)
                                               22
          Bibliography
   http://www.lks.ac.th/teacher_jonggonee/
jongdream/infinitive.html

   http://ajarn-thanchanok.exteen.com/20080720/
infinitive

   http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/
infinitive_without_to.htm

  http://www.dek-eng.com//Infinitives/Infinitive-
with-and-without-to.html

				
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