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Tenses233eng2 by tuckky

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									         Tenses


52181020233         ก ( .)    2ก F 2




  F       ก   ก               ก   ก   ก

              2 ก    ก 2553
            Tense                      ก                    ก                   ก ก                        ก ก ก                ก
                         กF ก

             F           F                                                      ก ก           ก                                 ก
ก       ก                    F       F ก                            F       ก     ก                        FFก ก        ก   F           F
    ก            F                                                          ก        F F กF

                                       F       F        F               ก        ก                FF        F       F                       F
                     F           ก             Fก               F       F ก           F                         F                   F
             ก ก                           F        F                                     F            F




                                                                                                                                2553
                                   F
                                   ก



Tenses                             1

Present Simple Tense               4

Present Continuous Tense           6

Present Perfect Continuous Tense   8

         ก
        Tense              ก              ก        ก ก                       ก ก ก
    ก                  ก F ก          F           ก    ก F ก             F

         1. I am playing football now. (      ก       F          )

         2. I played football yesterday. (        F                  )


                      Tense F ก               3           F

    1. Present Tense Fก ก ก

    2. Past Tense Fก ก ก

    3. Future Tense Fก ก ก

        F Tense       F F     ก     4 Tense F                    12 Tense

    Present Tense                   Past Tense                        Future Tense
1. Present Simple             1. Past Simple Tense            1. Future Simple Tense
Tense
2. Present Progressive        2. Past Progressive             2. Future Progressive Tense
Tense                         Tense
3. Present Perfect            3. Past Perfect Tense 3. Future Perfect Tense
Tense
4. Present Perfect            4. Past Perfect                 4. Future Perfect Progressive
Progressive Tense             Progressive Tense               Tense
                   F        Tense 12 Tense F                        F

     Present Tense                        Past Tense                           Tense
                                                                        Future Tense

1. S + V.1                      1. S + V.2                    1. S + will , shall +V.1

2. S + is ,am , are + V.1       2. S + was , were +           2. S + will, shall + be + V.1
    ing                         V.1     ing                       ing

3. S + have , has + V.3         3. S + had + V.3              3. S + will , shall + have ,
                                                              has + V.3

4. S + have , has + been        4. S + had + been +           4. S +will , shall + have +
+ V.1     ing                   V.1     ing                   been + V.1        ing




                         Present Simple Tense
                               F : Subject + Verb 1 (s)
                                           +ก      F       1( s )

         *(                           ก     F     3          ก          F     s)

         F :
        1. I go to school by car. (                           F)

        2. He walks to school. (                       )
          Present Simple Tense
     F ก           F                      Present Simple Tense F                                  F
 F ก          F Verb to do            F

     กก        F

do Fก                             F               I ก you
does Fก                      ก                F             F


           F : Subject + do / does + not + Verb 1
                       (                  + do / does + not + ก               F     1)


       F :
1. I do not ( don t ) go to school by car. (                      F                      F)
2. He does not ( doesn t ) walk to school. (                           F            )
3. You do not play football every day. (                         F F              ก )
4. Somsri and Somsak do not study English every day .(                                    ก   F
          ก        ก )


 F     ก :                 does           F                     F F        s ก F
      กก         F Present Simple Tense

1. Fก            ก    F     ก ก


  F          1. The sun rises in the east.(               F             ก)
            2. Fire is hot. (     F    )


                          Present Continuous Tense
                                       F                          ก F

                     F : Subject + is, am, are + Verb 1 ing.
             (                  + is, am, are + ก             F 1       ing.)
       F

           1. Somchai is sleeping. (              ก           )

           2. I am playing football. (        ก       F       )
           Present Continuous Tense
       F ก       F            Present Progressive Tense F                                       F
not                  Verb to be              F


                         F : Subject + is, am, are + not + Verb 1 ing.
                     (            + is, am, are + not + ก                 F 1          ing. )

       F : 1. Somchai is not ( isn t ) sleeping. (                   F Fก                )
             2. I am not playing football. (     F Fก            F                 )
             3. They are not ( aren t ) watching TV. ( ก                    F Fก                F)


      กก     F Present Continuous Tense

1. Fก ก ก                 ก       ก

  F 1. I am studying English . (         ก                  ก         )
      2. Somchai is sleeping. (          ก              )
      3. They are watching TV. ( ก ก                        F)
                      Present Perfect Tense
                        Present Perfect Tense           ก F

                     F : Subject + have , has + Verb 3
                        (              + have , has + ก           F 3)
    F :1. I have studied English for 5 years.(         ก      5        F )
        2. He has lived in Bangkok since 1990.(       F ก               F
. . 1990 )


       Present Perfect Tense

   F ก       F          Present Perfect Tense F                    F        not
   Verb to have              F



                      F : Subject + have , has + not + Verb 3
                 (           + have , has + not + ก    F 3)
        F :

1. I have not studied English for 5 years.(                                            ก                   F 5 )
       2. He has not lived in Bangkok since 1990.(                               F F           F ก                               F
          . . 1990 )

          กก         F Present Perfect Tense

1. Fก            ก         F         ก ก          ก            F                           ก       F                 F


  F
      1.Somchai has studied English for 5 years. (                                                 ก             5           F
         ก                     F)
      2.I have worked in this company since 1990. (                                                              F 1990
         ก            F)

2. Fก            ก         F                 F                             F F         ก               F                 F
 ก                     F            ever, never, once, twice           FF
  F          - I have never seen him before. (                     F               F กF        )
          - Have you ever been abroad ?(                               F                                   F )
               Present Perfect Continuous Tense
                       Present Perfect Continuous Tense                     ก F


                   F : Subject + have , has + been + Verb 1 ing

      (                     + have , has + been + ก                 F 1      ing )
     F :
1. He has been speaking for 3 hours. (              3          F )
2. They have been playing football for 2 hours. (                    F       2
           F )


          Present Perfect Continuous Tense
    F ก            F          Present Perfect Progressive Tense F
           F       not       Verb to have           F

                       F : Subject + have , has + not + been + Verb 1 ing
               (            +have, has+not + been+ ก            F 1       ing )
     F :
1. He has not been speaking for 3 hours. (                    F 3           )
2. They have not been playing football for 2 hours.(                    F              F
2            )

    กก           F Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. Fก ก ก                       ก    F ก                  F
         F         ก           (Present Perfect Progressive
Tense F                Present Perfect Tense F ก      F       F Present Perfect Progressive
Tense F                F                   )

								
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