MLA Documentation for Research Papers Purpose Quote by MikeJenny


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									MLA Documentation for Research
A reader who is interested in exploring a subject wants
to read not only your paper but also the material you
used in your paper.


Readers want to examine your sources to see if you
missed anything, to see if they interpret the material the
same way you do, or to see if your sources help them
to come up with more new ideas.

This is the way knowledge gets built on. This is the
reason we need computers to store all the new
knowledge we create.
 MLA Documentation for Research
   Papers—Two Main Features
The MLA (Modern Language Association)
format for showing where information in a
paper came from is one of many methods. It
uses two features: a citation in the body of
 the paper linked by a signal phrase and/or a
 parenthetical in-text citation to a reference
 on the Works Cited page at the end of the
  Citation in the Body of the Paper
Citation in the body of the paper must be
  done whenever you are taking words from
  another source (quoting) and also
  whenever you are taking ideas from
  another source and putting them into your
  own words (paraphrasing).
              Signal Phrase
A signal phrase lets readers know that you are
  about to use words or ideas that are not your
  own – often by naming the author or the title of
  the source:
David Rosenwasser and Jill Stephen insist that ―no
  writing is strictly personal‖ (14).
David Rosenwasser and Jill Stephen believe
  beginning writers rely ineffectively on personal
  responses instead of analysis (14).
   Parenthetical in-text citation
If the author or the title is not announced in a
   signal phrase, then more information than
   a page number needs to be put in the
   parentheses following the quote or
Beginning writers rely ineffectively on
   personal experience instead of analysis
   (Rosenwasser 14).
          Works Cited Page
The Works Cited page contains references
 to all the sources quoted or paraphrased
 in the paper.
The sources are listed in alphabetical order
 according to the author‘s last name or to
 the first significant word of the
 parenthetical in-text citation.
Works Cited Page—Rosenwasser
               Works Cited

Rosenwasser, David and Jill Stephen.
 Writing Analytically. Boston:Thomson,
   Works Cited Page--features
The Works Cited entries are written
  differently depending on whether they are
  books, newspapers, magazines, scholarly
  journals, interviews, films, television
  programs, Internet sites, electronic
  databases, or whatever.
Students can use the De Anza library web
  page, the WRC reference books, or their
  own English texts to check details.
   Works Cited Page—more text
                   Works Cited
Cornford, Dan. ―A Turbulent End to a
  Brilliant Life.‖ San Francisco Chronicle
 19 Feb 2006: M1+.
Hodge, Roger D. ―Blood and Time.‖ Harper’s
  February 2006: 65-72.
Taylor, Tim N. ―The Research Paper as an
  Act of Citizenship.‖ Teaching English in
  the Two-Year College 33.1(2005) 50-61).
   Works Cited Page—Internet
Internet citations provide all of the
  information needed to find the print source
  (if there is one) as well as the author‘s
  name (if there is one) the title of the web
  page, the sponsor of the web page, the
  date of publication, the date of access to
  the site,and the URL <http://????????>
    Works Cited Page—Internet
  Examples—De Anza Databases.
―There has long been a strong pastoral tradition in
  American literature‖ (Rothenburg).

            Works Cited
Rothenburg, David. ―The Ecocriticism Reader:
 Landmarks in Literary Ecology.‖ The Ecologist
 28.1(1998). Infotrac. De Anza College. 1-26-
 2006 <>
    Works Cited Page—Internet
Ibsen had an extraordinary effect upon other
  playwrights: ―his offerings, medicinal and
  bitter, have changed the history of the
  stage‖ (Belllinger).
              Works Cited
Bellinger, Martha Fletcher. ―Henrik Ibsen.‖
  TheaterDatabase 2-20-06
 MLA Documentation—what else?
Dropped quotations: don‘t do it. Always lead up to and
   follow your quote or paraphrase with your own ideas in
   your own words.
Ellipses: use three dots to show you have taken out some
   words or four dots to show you have taken out more than
   a sentence.
Brackets: use brackets [ ] to add any words of your own
   to a quote.
(qtd in): Sometimes you will want to quote a writer that was
   quoted in another writer‘s work: James Wood believes
   Cormac McCarthy‘s latest novel No Country for Old Men
   is ―rubbing our noses in death‘s horror‖ (qtd in Hodge
 MLA Documentation—What Else?
Double quotes become single quotes: When a
 quote contains a quote, change the double
 quote mark to a single:
One of McCarthy‘s ex-wives reports that despite
 extreme poverty McCarthy ―firmly rejected the
 seductions of the lecture and workshop circuit.
 ‗Someone would call up and offer him $2000 to
 come speak at a university about his
 books…and he would tell them that everything
 he had to say was there on the page‘‖ (Hodge

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