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English 1102

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					English 1102
Review
   Keywords vs Subjects
       How do you identify your keywords?
       Which do you use when searching the
        computers?
Keyword vs. Subject
     Natural language          Predetermined
     Flexible terminology       terminology
     Less accurate             Thesaurus
     Use with Operators        More precise



     Native American           Indian of North
                                 America
Review
   Boolean Operators (what do they do?)
       AND
       OR
       NOT
Operators (Boolean)

    AND = Narrow      NOT = Exclude




    OR = Expand
Review
   Journals vs. Magazines
       Which type do you want?
       How do you find it?
Popular vs. Scholarly
                 Popular Magazines             Scholarly Journals
 Overall         Glossy paper,                 Sober and serious, may
 appearance      advertisements, heavily       contain graphs or charts, will
                 illustrated, attractive in    not find glossy pages or
                 appearance                    photographs
 Audience        General Public                Scholars and students

 Authors         Reporters                     Scholars in the field

 Documentation   Sources sometimes cited for   Cite sources in footnotes or
                 news articles, but rarely     bibliography
 Purpose         Provide general information   Report on original research or
                                               experimentation
 Article         Articles written by hired     Often undergo a "peer-
 Acceptance      reporters, edited by          reviewed" process --
 Procedure       magazine editors,             reviewed by other scholars in
                 and published                 the field before being
                                               published. Sometimes these
                                               journals are called "refereed
                                               journals"
Strengths: Web vs. Library
   Web                             Library
     Current events and               Authoritative & Peer-
      news                               reviewed Materials
                                       Research Based Books &
     Statistics and Other
                                         Articles
      Information by gov’t
                                       Works Cited/
     Pop Culture                        Bibliographies
            TV                        Full-text Resources
            Movies
                                       Information about People
             Music
         
                                         & Cultures
       Opinion                        More accurate searching
       Information about                   Boolean Operators
        Organizations & Groups              Subjects
Primary Vs Secondary
   Primary Source                   Secondary Source
       Original, first-hand
        account of an event or           Analyzes and interprets
        time period                       primary sources
       Usually written or made          Second-hand account of
        during or close to the            an historical event
        event or time period
       Original, creative               Interprets creative work
        writing or works of art
Examples
   Primary                                 Secondary
       Diaries, journals, and letters          Biographies
       Newspaper and magazine                  Histories
        articles (factual accounts)             Literary Criticism
       Government records (census,             Book, Art, and Theater
        marriage, military)                      Reviews
       Photographs, maps,                      Newspaper articles that
        postcards, posters                       interpret
       Recorded or transcribed
        speeches
       Interviews with participants
        or witnesses (e.g., The Civil
        Right Movement)
       Interviews with people who
        lived during a particular time
        (e.g., genocide in Rwanda)
       Songs, Plays, novels, stories
       Paintings, drawings, and
        sculptures
Gale Literary Index
   Provides indexing to
    Gale’s Literary
    materials including
    Criticisms.
   Volumes located in
    Reference
Choose “Gale’s Literary Index”
We recommend that you use a Title search first. If you don’t find anything
                     then do an Author search.
Type in the title of the story; Choose the “Match all words entered”
                          button; Press Search
Choose the title of the story you want
Consult the Sources in Literature pages to see which Titles we own. Write
down the volumes you will need and look in the reference collection for
the specific items.
Recommended Databases: GALILEO
 Literary Reference Center
 Literature Online Reference Edition
 MLA International Bibliography
When we don’t have it
Evaluation of Resources
Evaluating Information
   Evaluate based on your needs
   Try to verify the validity of the information and if
    it will work in your paper.
   Evaluate everything you are considering using
    including books, articles and websites.

   There are 4 major evaluation criteria:
Step 1: Authority
   Books & Articles                   Web Pages
       Who is responsible for             Who is responsible for
        content?                            content?
            Author(s)?                         Webmaster?
            Editor(s)?                         Web team?
            Publisher                          Organization?
            Credentials offered?               Institution?
   Newspapers                                  Company?
            Writer(s)
            Editor(s)
            Columnist(s)
Domain Names
                                 .gov
    Which one is right?
        www.whitehouse.com      .org   Indicates a
        www.whitehouse.gov      .mil       reliable
                                             domain
        www.whitehouse.net      .com
        www.whitehouse.org      .edu
    Whois.net                   .net
        www.whois.net
                                 .int
Step 2: Accuracy
   Books & Articles                  Web Pages
       Can the information be            Can the information be
        verified?                          verified?
            Bibliography                      Links to credible sites
            Works Cited                       Copyright
            Peer-reviewed                     Works Cited
             (journals only)                   Fact check with a
   Newspapers                                  printed source
            Interviews
            Eyewitness Accounts
Step 3: Objectivity
   Books & Articles                     Web Pages
       Biased or Objective?                 Biased or Objective?
            Persuasion/Emotion                   Opinion/Fan sites
            Author’s Point of View               Sponsoring
                                                   Organization
   Newspapers
                                                  Agendas
            Subscriptions ($)
                                                  Political Propaganda
            Advertising ($)
                                                  Web hosting
            Owners
            CJR review
Step 4: Currency
   Books & Articles                  Web Pages
       When was it published?
                                          When was it created and
          Copyright date
                                           last updated?
          Important based upon
                                              Well maintained web
           subject
                                               sites have an indication
               Science
                                               when it was last
               Social Science
                                               updated or modified
               Allied Health
               Education                     Accessibility

               Pharmacy                           Dead links
               Computer Science               Stability
   Newspapers published                           Changes URLs
    daily                                           frequently
Additional Criteria for Website Evaluation

 Purpose of the site
 Domain (URL)
 Accessibility/Stability
Remember to Evaluate!
   Authority
      Who created it? Who is responsible?
      What credentials do they hold? What makes them
       qualified to discuss the topic?
   Accuracy
      Can the information be verified?
      Check the facts!
   Objectivity
      How is the information being presented?
      Is it objective or biased? What’s the point of view?
   Currency (important based on subject)
      When was it published?
      When was it last updated?
Questions?
   Katherine Ott
       KatherineOtt@clayton.edu
       (678) 466-4326

       http://adminservices.clayton.edu/library/kott

				
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posted:12/26/2010
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